This entry is trivia, which is cool and all, but not a trope. On a work, it goes on the Trivia tab.

Similarly Named Works

http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Tangled2001and2010_5740.jpg
On the left: 2001 thriller movie.
On the right: Seventy feet of golden hair.

"There's this bald boy, who can control the wind... Oops! Wrong Avatar..."

This is when several works share a name. They could even be different media. And yet they're completely unrelated.

Essentially, Name's the Same when applied to works. When the names are slightly different, it might be a case of Translation Matchmaking. If the titles are identical to each other except for an added article in either ("a," "the," etc.), for instance Following and The Following, we'll count them too.

Compare Stock Episode Titles. See also Recycled Title, which is when a work set in the same fictional universe uses the same title as an earlier one.

This is so prevalent that Wikipedia developed the Disambiguation system to address this and similar issues (like common surnames). So have we, actually—see the Ambiguity Index for a list.

For those unfamiliar with intellectual property laws, titles can't be copyrighted and it's totally legal to name a work with the same name as another one, however, if the title is trademarked, then you can't. Trademark covers a series/franchise, not a single work.

Care must be taken to make sure this doesn't become a militant In-Name-Only. This is strictly when two works just happen to share the same name, not an adaptation/sequel/remake that bears no resemblance to the previous work.


Examples (alphabetical by title)

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    # 
  • 10 Items or Less is both a 2006 film and a TV sitcom which started in the same year. They both involve supermarkets.
  • 15/Love is a Canadian television series. 15-Love is a short-lived Marvel Comics title. They are both about tennis.
  • 2016 is either the title of a political documentary by Dinesh D'Souza which full title is 2016: Obama's America or the title of a Ghanaian sci-fi movie.
  • Software example: Popular 3D modelling program 3ds Max uses a title with all lowercase letters in the beginning to distinguish it from the Nintendo 3DS, despite the fact that this program has been around far longer than the console.

    A 
  • "About A Girl" is a song by two separate bands, each having no similarity to the other, Nirvana (which was the one covered by Cibo Matto) and The Academy Is...
  • Adventures of the Galaxy Rangers is also the official international English title of Kyoryu Sentai Zyuranger.
  • Jean-Michel Jarre's track "Aero" from the eponymous 2002 concert in Denmark is mostly unrelated to his track "Aero" from the eponymous 2004 album. Neither track is about the bubbly chocolate bar or the Windows theme.
  • Albion is a video game, a series of novels by Patrick McCormack, and a WildStorm comic.
  • Scotland-based pirate-themed Power Metal band Alestorm is one letter off from Pennsylvania Hard Rock band Halestorm. The two bands have expressed interest in touring together, and Alestorm once replaced Halestorm at a rock festival in Portugal after the latter had to drop out of the lineup.
  • Alias was a Marvel comic book series created by Brian Michael Bendis and Michael Gaydos published 2001-2004. The protagonist of the series was former superhero Jessica Jones, who gave up the spandex and laser beam lifestyle for a grubby career as a private detective. At almost exactly the same time, ABC launched a TV series called Alias about CIA agent Sydney Bristow, played by Jennifer Garner, which ran from 2001-2006. In an attempt to avoid confusion, the Netflix/Marvel Studios adaptation of the comic series was first called "Alias Jessica Jones", then "AKA Jessica Jones" before finally settling on simply Jessica Jones.
  • Alien for the Atari 2600 was indeed a Licensed Game based on the movie, unlike Alien for the VIC-20, which was Heiankyo Alien by another name.
  • All-American Alien Boy is the name of a song and a solo album by Ian Hunter of Mott the Hoople. It is also the name of a science fiction short-story and collection by Allen Steele.
  • "All Night Long" is both a mid-tempo dance number performed by Lionel Richie, and a heavy rock paean to the easy availability of groupies, sung by Rainbow.
  • All Over The House is the name of a gag-a-day webcomic, and a pornographic rap music video.
  • All Points Bulletin is the name of a 2010 Electronic Arts MMORPG, and a 1987 Atari Arcade Game. The confusion is only aggravated by both games using the Initialism Title A.P.B..
  • All Together Now is the closing song from the movie Yellow Submarine, and a documentary about the making of the Cirque du Soleil Beatles musical Love. These are related, but neither of them are related to the England soccer-squad anthem of the same name by The Farm.
  • There is no connection between "America" by the West Side Story cast (covered by The Nice), "America" by Simon & Garfunkel (covered by Yes), "America" by Razorlight, the song America by the band XYLO, and rock band America.
  • Amnesia is both the name of a survival horror game and an otome game.
  • Almost Human is a sci-fi crime drama on Fox. It is also the name of two unrelated movies.
  • The Angels were one of Australia's best bands around 1980. They had to change their name to Angel City for the U.S., because there was already a band called Angel. The Angels have broken up some time since, and there's now an electronica act called Angel City.
    • The Angels were a 60s Girl Group famous for their hit "My Boyfriend's Back".
    • In addition to the band Angel mentioned above, there's also the 1984 film about a teenage hooker, the TV show that spun off from Buffy the Vampire Slayer, and numerous songs (including ones by Sarah McLachlan, Shaggy, Madonna, Aerosmith, and Jon Secada).
  • Animal Jam might be a children's Massively Multiplayer Online Roleplaying Video Game, but it's also a Cats Don't Dance song and a 2004 puppet show.
  • Angel Heart: is an anime and manga series based on an alternate timeline of City Hunter, and a 1987 mystery/horror film about a detective in the 1950's who is caught up in a strange case involving a missing person.
  • Arcanum is a comic by Image Comics, and a video game by Troika Games.
  • Japanese video game developer Arc System Works (of Guilty Gear and BlazBlue fame) is unrelated to the American video game publisher Aksys Games, although the latter has localized many of the former's works in the United States, to the point that they're mistaken as an subsidiary. There's also Arsys Software, an obscure Japanese company of the 80s and 90s which developed Wibarm and the SNES version of Prince of Persia.
  • Argo is a sci-fi novel, a 2012 movie, and a game by Bohemia Interactive.
  • There's a manga and anime series titled ARIA. There's also a live action anthology of 10 short films, most of them set to opera arias, also titled Aria, a 1994 Asis album called Aria and a Tabletop RPG named Aria (full title Aria: Canticle of the Monomyth). Australia's answer to the Grammy is also called an ARIA. Aria is also the name of a Russian band and a large hotel-casino in Las Vegas.
  • Mention "Arrested Development" today and people will think first and foremost of the sitcom. But there was a rap group in the '90s called Arrested Development. Although huge at their peak, they are mostly forgotten today, aside from them suing the show's producers.
  • How about The Art of War? There is an "Art of War" by:
    • Sun Tzu, an ancient Chinese military thinker, and the one most people will be referring to.
    • Niccolò Machiavelli, a Renaissance-era Italian strategist and political thinker.
    • Antoine-Henri Jomini, a 19th-century Swiss interpreter of Napoleon.
    • Mao Zedong, a 20th-century Chinese communist revolutionary and politician.
      • Though this is largely a result of translation laziness. Sun Tzu's "Art of War" is actually "Sun Tzu's Methods of War" in Chinese, Machiavelli's is On the Art of War in Italian, Jomini's is Handbook of the Art of War in French, and Mao's is On War (which is itself not to be confused with Clausewitz's "On War").
      • This extends even beyond literature, as there's also a completely unrelated (in that it has nothing to do with military theory unlike the others) Wesley Snipes action film called The Art of War, which was followed by two DTV sequels.
      • There's also the Simpsons episode "The Bart of War", named after the Sun Tzu book.
  • Our page of The Aristocats opens with a mangled attempt at The Aristocrats joke.
  • Arrival (2016) and The Arrival (1996) are both scifi films about aliens coming to Earth, but each have very different plots and aliens. There was also a group called Arrival which did a song called "I Will Survive", some years before the well-known song of the same name.
  • Arthur, a cartoon about Petting Zoo People, or Arthur, a film about a Rich Idiot with No Day Job.
  • Avatar, the animesque Nickelodeon cartoon about a Supernatural Martial Arts kid, and Avatar, the movie about blue-skinned aliens. (To avoid confusion with the blue-skinned aliens, Nick decided to call the movie adaptation of the cartoon just The Last Airbender.) And don't forget the seventh Indigo book, or that doorstopper of Poul Anderson's with the Blithe Spirit.
    • It gets even worse; due to the poor reception of the aforementioned movie, using just the subtitle won't work either. Saying "Avatar" will make people think you're talking about James Cameron's film series, and saying "The Last Airbender" will make them think you're talking about the M. Night's film adaptation. Unless you use the fan abbreviation, ATLA, then the only reliable term to use is "The Legend of Aang"... but that subtitle was only used in the UK.
    • And just to make sure you're thoroughly confused, the sequel series to the cartoon is titled The Legend of Korra, and has no known connection to the flash animation The Legend of Korah. Thankfully, it does work due to being similar to the aforementioned subtitle of the original series in the UK: The Legend of Aang.
    • There's also a Swans song called "Avatar".
  • Avalon is a 1990 American movie by Barry Levinson, a 2001 movie by Mamoru Oshii, a 2011 Swedish movie by Axel Petersén, a webcomic by Josh Phillips, a series of fantasy novels, and a Marvel Cinematic Universe/Neon Genesis Evangelion crossover fanfic.
  • The Avengers is a classic British secret agent series which is no relation to the American superhero team. The fact that both have had series called "The New Avengers" doesn't help matters a whole heck of a lot. There's also an old Arcade Game by Capcom called Avengers (known as Hissatsu Buraiken in Japan).

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    C 
  • "California Girls" is a song by The Beach Boys, which was later covered by David Lee Roth. "California Gurls" (the typo is intentional) is by Katy Perry with Snoop Dogg. "California Girls" is also a song by Gretchen Wilson, although the first line of the refrain is "Ain't you glad we ain't all California girls?"
  • The Cape is the title of both a 1996-1997 TV series about astronauts at Cape Canaveral, and a 2010-2011 TV series about a cape-wearing superhero.
  • Captain Canada was the title of (1) A radio comedy series featuring Bruno Gerussi on CBC Radio in the 1960's; (2) A counterculture comic strip created by Stanley Labreche for the magazine Fuddle Duddle in the 1970's and (3) A new-agey superhero series published in the Newfoundland Herald newspaper in the 1980's and subsequently promoted by CJON/NTV, the station co-owned with the newspaper. It was this over-proliferation of Captain Canadas which led Richard Comely to name his classic 1970's Canadian superhero Captain Canuck instead.
  • There are at least three different films called Cargo. The 2009 one is a Swiss sci-fi thriller/horror set on a cargo spaceship, the 2006 one is about a backpacker in Africa who stows away on a cargo ship heading for Europe, and the 2011 one is about a Russian woman smuggled to the US who forms a bond with her transporter.
  • Carry On: Which one? The British film franchise: Carry On or the Furry Webcomic: Carry On.
  • "Cars" by Gary Numan, the band The Cars, or Cars the Pixar film?
  • "Case Closed" is the forced retitling of the manga and anime series Detective Conan. "Caso Cerrado" is a Spanish-language court show that was previously called "Sala de Parejas" (loosely: "Couples' Court").
  • Castle seems to turn up quite frequently in the titles of various kinds of works.
  • The manga and anime Cat's Eye is not to be confused with Cat's Eye (an '80s film based on the stories of Stephen King) the '80s ITV detective drama C.A.T.S. Eyes or the '90s BBC edutainment programme Cats' Eyes.
  • The Cell is a 2000 movie. Cell is a Stephen King novel and 2016 movie. Their plots are completely dissimilar as well beyond both being horror stories, with the former being about a Journey to the Center of the Mind of a serial killer, and the latter about an Evil Phone causing a zombie outbreak.
  • Challenge of the Dragon by Sachen is a pirated engine hack of Double Dragon. Challenge of the Dragon by Color Dreams is a generic hack-n-slash.
  • Chaos War is a Marvel Comics storyline, and a Dragonlance storyline. Chaos Wars is a Massive Multiplayer Crossover video game.
  • DC's Chase was a series centering around Cameron Chase, a blonde DEO operative that hunted down rogue metahumans while NBC's Chase (NBC) was a series centering around Annie Frost, a blonde US Marshall that hunted down escaped fugitives. Both were cancelled. Neither should be confused with Cha$e, a short-lived reality game show on Sci-Fi Channel, or The Chase, a UK quiz show on ITV (when the NBC show was bought for British television it was officially retitled Jerry Bruckheimer's Chase). Then there's The Chase, a BBC TV drama, and a 1994 film also titled The Chase.
    • Or the other NBC show called Chase (from Jack Webb and Stephen J. Cannell), which was also short-lived.
    • Or, for that matter, the early 70's jazz-rock group led by trumpeter Bill Chase.
    • Oh, and there's financial institution JP Morgan Chase often just called Chase.
    • And there the song "Chase" by Giorgio Moroder.
    • And the 1992 album The Chase by Garth Brooks.
  • Chef! the 1990s British sitcom starring Lenny Henry is completely unrelated to the 2014 movie from and with Jon Favreau.
  • Before there was the more famous horror franchise, there were two unrelated films also called Child's Play: one a 1954 science fiction film, the other a 1972 mystery based on a stage play of the same title. By coincidence, the same film editor, Edward Warschilka, worked on the first two movies of the Child's Play franchise and the unrelated 1972 film.
    • Outside of film, Child's Play is, among other things, a charity founded by the authors of Penny Arcade, a crime thriller novel by Kia Abdullah, a science fiction short story by William Tenn, a Marvel Comics crossover, a game show, and the title of various television show episodes.
  • Children Of Eden is a musical based on the Book of Genesis. Child of Eden is a trippy cyberspace Rail Shooter video game that is also the Spiritual Successor to Rez.
  • Chiller was the title of a 1985 originally coded by David and Richard Darling for the Commodore 64 and released by Mastertronic. Chiller was coincidentally also the title of a notoriously gory arcade Light Gun Game that Exidy put out in 1986.
  • The China Syndrome is a 1978 film about a nuclear meltdown. China Syndrome is an Atari 2600 game also involving stopping a meltdown.
  • Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers has no affiliation with Lassie's Rescue Rangers.
  • There's at least two movies named Chocolat. The first one is a drama about a chocolate workshop in the France of the fifties, the second one is a biopic about a black clown who worked in the France of the 1890s and 1900s.
    • Neither of these is to be confused with the Thai martial-arts action movie Chocolate.
  • Christine is a 1983 Stephen King novel and film about an evil car. It's also a 1917 book by Elizabeth von Arnim; a 1958 film based on the play Liebelei; a 1960 musical based on the book My Indian Summer; a 1987 TV drama about a heroin addict in the BBC Two Screenplay slot; and a 2016 film about the real life suicide of Christine Chubbuck.
  • Brazil already has a problem of Completely Different Title. Then when two films get the same title... Círculo de Fogo (Circle of Fire) was used for both Enemy at the Gates (2001) and Pacific Rim (2013), A Experiência (The Experiment) is the title for both Species (1995) and Das Experiment (2001). The Crow and The Raven are both "O Corvo" as both animals go by the same word in Portuguese. And then there's the ones that the difference is the article: In Dreams (1998) is "A Premonição" (The Premonition) while Final Destination (2000) is just "Premonição".
  • City Lights, the Charlie Chaplin film; City Lights, the 1973 Canadian documentary show; City Lights the 80s BBC Scotland sitcom; City Lights the 2008 ITV comedy-drama. It was also the name of America's very first paperback bookstore (opened in San Francisco, California, in 1956).
  • City of Angels, a musical about a Film Noir; City of Angels, a supernatural romance film that's an American remake of Wings of Desire; City of Angels, subtitle of the film The Crow: City of Angels; City Of Angels, the name of two completely different TV series (by Stephen J. Cannell in the 1970s and Steven Bochco in 2000); "City of Angel" from "Under The Bridge" by Red Hot Chili Peppers.
  • City of Glass is the third novel in Cassandra Clare's The Mortal Instruments series; the name of Paul Auster's classically surreal postmodern detective novel; and a multi-movement jazz composition by Stan Kenton.
  • Cloud Atlas was a 2004 novel by David Mitchell and The Cloud Atlas was a 2004 novel by Liam Callanan.
  • Cobra, the Sylvester Stallone action film, is unrelated to the manga Cobra. Each had a Licensed Game on the Amstrad CPC with the same title. It's not related to the 1970's DC Comics series Kobra either, nor for that matter, to the bad guys in the G.I. Joe universe.
  • Cobra Mission is a PC H-Game. Mission Cobra is an NES Shoot 'em Up by unlicensed/pirate game mecca Sachen. There's also an NES knockoff of Lethal Enforcers titled Cobra Mission.
  • The 1989 album Cocked & Loaded by Hard Rock group L.A. Guns is not to be confused with the very similarly named 2006 album Cocked And Loaded by Ministry side project Revolting Cocks. Oddly enough, both albums included guest appearances by Rick Nielsen and Robin Zander
  • Cold Turkey is either a 1971 Dick Van Dyke movie about a small town that quits smoking for a big cash reward, or a 1940 Harry Langdon short about an office worker who wins a turkey in a Christmas raffle.
    • Neither of which is related to the 1969 John Lennon song.
  • Coming of Age is the title of an American sitcom from the Eighties and a British sitcom from the Noughties.
    • And a 1990 hit by supergroup Damn Yankees.
  • Commando: 1985 action game by Capcom, a 1983 Sega game, or 1985 action movie starring Arnold Schwarzenegger?
  • Confession or The Confession may refer to novels by John Grisham or Olen Steinhauser, a semi-autobiographical work by Leo Tolstoy, a whole bunch of unrelated films from different countries such as the United States, France, and South Korea, a web series featuring Kiefer Sutherland, a 1950s crime show on ABC, two different heavy metal bands, and about ten songs.
  • Conspiracy is a 2001 drama film about the Wannsee Conference of 1942, in which a group of Nazi bureaucrats held a meeting to discuss the implementation of the Holocaust. Conspiracy is also a 2008 action/thriller film starring Val Kilmer. Conspiracy is a board game by Milton Bradley. The adventure game KGB was released on CD as Conspiяacy.
  • "Control" is the name of at least three industrial / EBM songs, by Juno Reactor ft. Traci Lords, VNV Nation, and mind.in.a.box.
  • Cosmos Cop is an unlicensed Space Harrier clone on the NES multicart Caltron 6-in-1. Cosmic Cop is the American localization of Armed Police Unit Gallop, a spinoff of R-Type.
  • Crack Down is a 1989 arcade game by Sega which has nothing to do with Crackdown, the 2007 Third-Person Shooter for the Xbox 360, or The Crackdown, the 1983 album by Cabaret Voltaire.
  • Crash, the 1973 novel or 1996 David Cronenberg film about an underground society that stages car crashes as a weird sexual fetish, or Crash, the 2006 Best Picture winner and a feel good story about racial stereotypes. This is very confusing to those of us who had seen only the Cronenberg film during the 2006 Oscar season...
  • Do not confuse "Creature of the Night" (a number from The Rocky Horror Picture Show) with Creatures of the Night (a 1982 KISS album). Or with the fans of TNA wrestler Jeff Hardy, who are called (you guessed it) "Creatures of the Night."
  • Crossed Swords is a 1954 movie, a 1977 movie, and a game by ADK for the Neo Geo arcade and console.
  • The Famicom game Crossfire is completely unrelated to the Sega Genesis game Crossfire, despite both being published by Kyugo (in different countries). Among other games, Crossfire is the name of a MMORPG, a board game, and an online first-person shooter game (with a capitalized F). In other media, Crossfire is a manga by the author of Hellsing, "Crossfire" is the first solo hit of The Killers' Brandon Flowers, and Crossfire is a debate show on CNN.
  • The Crossing is an Avengers story and a TV movie about George Washington.
  • The 1986 film Crossroads, about blues legend Robert Johnson, has nothing to do with the 2002 film starring Britney Spears.
    • And probably even less to do with a 1960s-80s British soap opera set in a Midlands motel (or indeed the 2001-03 revival), or the 1950s American religious anthology... or the 1992 Robert Urich series that didn't last as long as any of 'em.
    • And possibly has even less relation to the Bone Thugs n Harmony song.
  • The Cube, a 1969 American teleplay involving people inside a cube; and The Cube, a 2009 British game show involving people inside a cube. There's also Cube, a series of films involving people being trapped inside cubical mazes.
  • British Goth band The Cult are frequently confused with American rock-with-a-hint-of-Gothic-darkness band the Blue Öyster Cult. The two fandoms do not tend to overlap. Fans of BOC often abbreviate their band's name to "the Cult", which leads to confusion when, for instance, a web search leads them to pictures of a singer called Ian Astbury who is unknown to them as is the song "She Sells Sanctuary". Similarly those searching for Ian Astbury's Cult might wonder who the Hell Buck Dharma and Eric Bloom are.
  • Cyber Monster: Unlicensed NES light gun game, or freeware MMORPG?

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    F 

    G 
  • The classic 70's anime Science Ninja Team Gatchaman was given an English dub in 1986 under the title G-Force: Guardians of Space, though it's usually referred to as just G-Force without the subtitle. In 2009, Disney produced G-Force. The former is a Japanese cartoon about a team of bird-themed superheroes, while the latter is a movie about talking spy-hamsters.
  • There are two oddly similar yet also wildly different manga called Gakuen Heaven. One is an adaptation of a Yaoi dating sim series set in an all-boys school, the other is an ecchi series about a ronin teacher at an all-girls school.
  • The Galaxy Game is the first book in Phil Jane's comedy space opera series also called The Galaxy Game, and the second book in Karen Lord's non-comedy space opera series beginning with The Best of All Possible Worlds. It was also the name of a 1971 arcade machine.
  • The Game of the Gods and The Games of the Gods are two different stories, though they are both fan fiction of The Lord of the Rings involving Mary Sue characters. The Game (singular) of the Gods involves a Cosmic Chess Game between two gods: Morgoth creates evil Mary Sues, and Varda slays them. The Games (plural) of the Gods is a Nonindicative Name and features Rachel, who hates being a Mary Sue.
  • "Games People Play" may refer to a 1968 hit by Joe South, a 1975 hit by the Spinnersnote , or a 1979 hit by the Alan Parsons Project. Then there's Games People Play: Hearts, Spades & Euchre, a 1997 Westwood game compilation.
  • Gasoline Alley is a long-running newspaper comic strip, and a 1970 album (and song) by Rod Stewart. And an antique toy shop in Seattle.
  • Gauntlet was the title of a Defender clone, released by Micro Power for the BBC Micro and Amstrad CPC, which predated the Arcade Game Gauntlet.
  • Generation X is Billy Idol's first band, a comic, and a TV movie based on the comic.
  • Genesis: there have been lot of things have been titled after the Book of Genesis (the first book of The Bible), including the band Genesis and their Self-Titled Album note . It was also used in some regions as the name of the Mega Drive game console, but there's also the Flash game Genesis and Genesis: Beyond the Revelation, one of Square's earliest games.
  • There was a short-lived live action series from the 1970s called The Ghost Busters. There's a blockbuster movie from the 1980s called Ghostbusters which inspired a song by Ray Parker, Jr. There's a syndicated cartoon called Ghostbusters and there's a Saturday morning (and later syndicated) cartoon called The Real Ghostbusters. Two of the above had two guys and a gorilla, and two of the above had four guys and a green blob named Slimer. Have a guess which one's which!
  • Ghost Stories is the name of a children's anime with a well-known Gag Dub, a Danny Phantom and The Avengers crossover fanfic, a Seanan McGuire short story series, and the sixth Coldplay album.
  • Ghostwriter is a 90's TV series. The Ghost Writer is a 2010 movie known as The Ghost.
  • The 1985 arcade billiards game "Gimme a Break!" has nothing to do with the sitcom.
  • Gish is a video game and an album by The Smashing Pumpkins.
  • Gladiator is a 1986 arcade game and a 2000 movie.
  • The Glass House is both a horror film starring Leelee Sobieski and an unrelated Austrialian talk show.
  • Glory is a 1985 movie, a comic by Image Comics, and a comic by Defiant Comics.
  • Goblins is a webcomic by Tarol Hunt; Goblin's (with an apostrophe) is a French comic book series. Both have goblins as protagonists, but the first is about Dungeons & Dragons goblins becoming heroes, while the second is more World of Warcraft-style goblins serving as stupid comic reliefs. Not to be confused with Sierra's Gobliiins.
  • Gold Digger is a comic, a song by EPMD, a song by Ludacris, a song by Kanye West, and a Mobile Phone Game.
  • The PG-rated 1977 movie Grand Theft Autonote  has absolutely nothing to do whatsoever with the M-rated Grand Theft Auto video game series. There is also the crime of grand theft auto itself, which the games have a lot of.
  • The Great Train Robbery was a 1903 film which was one of the first Western movies and also one of the first motion pictures to tell a story. It was also a 1979 heist film with Donald Sutherland, Sean Connery, and Lesley-Anne Down, directed by Michael Crichton and based on his own novel. Both were Very Loosely Based on a True Story in which some guys try to rob a train—except one involves some villanous bandits breaking into a train and stealing things from the passengers in the middle of the Old West, while the other sees three loveable rogues scheming to steal a shipment of gold from a moving train in Victorian England.
    • The 1979 film is known in places (in the UK for example) as The First Great Train Robbery; the aversion is less related to the 1903 film's title and more to avoid confusion/misled patrons after the more recent real life Great Train Robbery of 1963 in Buckinghamshire, England, since the movie and book are based on the 1855 event.
  • Green is a 1988 album by R.E.M., and R.E.M. is a 1990 EP by Green. The band Green, who had existed nearly as long as R.E.M. had, deliberately named the single that way in response to the R.E.M. album title.
  • "God is a DJ": either a Faithless song, or a song by P!nk.
  • The Goldbergs, the sitcom that is currently on ABC, is not a remake of the 1930's-40's radio/television series of the same name.
  • The Good Life was a short-lived American sitcom from the early '70s about a middle-class couple who quit the rat race and become live-in servants to a wealthy couple - and also a British sitcom from the mid-'70s about a middle-class couple who quit the rat race and start a self-sufficient agrarian life in their suburban home. When the latter was shown in the US, it was retitled The Good Neighbors, itself no relation to the 2010 film, Good Neighbors.
    • Also, "The Good Life" was a 2010 rock hit for Three Days Grace and "Good Life" was a 2011 pop hit for OneRepublic.
  • There's Grand Theft Auto, the popular video game series, and the 1977 film Grand Theft Auto, which was Ron Howard's directorial debut.
  • There's Grown Ups, a British sitcom from the '90s; Grown Ups, an American sitcom from the '90s; and Grown Ups, a 2010 American film with Adam Sandler and its 2013 sequel. There's also another British sitcom named Grownups.
  • Gray's Anatomy is a well-known textbook; Grey's Anatomy is a TV medical drama. In the Not Always Right story "Anatomy of an Idiot", a customer returns a copy to a bookstore. "It was terrible; it's not at all like the television show. ... I don't know what they were thinking with this book."
  • "Guilty Love" is both a song by Klavier Gavin's band The Gavinners (as well as Klavier's own theme) and a single by the South Koeran Boy Band 2PM.
  • The Capcom game Gun.Smoke is unrelated to Gunsmoke, the TV series, or the BBC Micro game of the same name.

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    J 
  • One of the most notorious film examples is two 1990s movies called Jack Frost. Both are about men who die and come back as snowmen, but the only difference is that one is a gory slasher film and the other is a lighthearted family movie. And of course, there's a third film titled Jack Frost, this one a 1960s Russian production (also known as Morozko) which was mocked by the MST3K guys.
    • The first two examples were eventually Lampshaded in MAD Magazine's "Planet TAD" section in one issue. In this case, the titular Tad buys his younger sister the slasher film instead of the family film, scarring her for life.
  • Jeopardy! is a long-running American quiz show. Jeopardy is a three-year UK science fiction show. This is an example of double jeopardy.
  • The manga Jesus has nothing to do with the old Enix game JESUS, and neither have to do with Jesus Christ.
  • Jetpac should not be confused with Jetpack. They have little in common except a player character with a Jet Pack.
  • J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings, Vol. I is a 1990 computer game, and a 1994 SNES game.
  • Jumper: A sci-fi story by Steven Gould or masochistic platformer by Matt Thorson? Ironically, the former also had a Licensed Game.
    • Or, it could be a Third Eye Blind hit from 1998.
  • "Just Another Day" is the title of three separate songs by 1) Jon Secada (the most famous one), 2) Oingo Boingo and 3) John Cena and Tha Trademarc. They are all relatively low-key numbers and generally pessimistic in tone, but those are the only two things they all have in common. The first one is a Silly Love Song, the second is about The End of the World as We Know It, and the third is simply about how the protagonist's life sucks. Additionally, it's the name usually given to a music track from The Lost Vikings, though where the name comes from (or if it's even official) isn't known. Outside of music, "Just Another Day" can refer to a series of comedic mods for FreeSpace 2

    K 
  • K-9, the 1989 James Belushi film about a police dog, and K9, the 2010 Doctor Who spin-off about the tin dog.
  • Kamichama Karin, a manga about a girl who can transform into a goddess, and Karin, a manga about a vampire girl. This is apparently why Tokyo Pop changed the title of the latter.
    • Kamichama Karin Chu, a sequel to a manga about a girl who can transform into a goddess, and Kamichu!, a manga about a girl who, uh, becomes a goddess.
  • Kanon, the Visual Novel by Key/Visual Arts and the manga Kanon by Chiho Saito.
  • The number of movies named The Kid is insane. As a sampling, there's Charlie Chaplin's 1921 entry about his Little Tramp character taking care of an orphan; a 1997 Canadian movie about a boxer; a 2000 feature (titled Disney's The Kid) starring Bruce Willis, turned into a kid, and a vulgar 2001 animated film. Then there are the dozen or so others.
  • The Kids Are All Right was a documentary on a former Muscular Dystrophy Association poster child who protested the organization after being abandoned by them. It's not to be confused with the more recent comedy-drama The Kids Are All Right about the children of a lesbian couple. Or the 2008 game show The Kids Are All Right hosted by John Barrowman. Or with The Kids Are Alright, a concert documentary of The Who, or their song of the same name. Or The Kids Aren't Alright by the Offspring, followed by the AWOLNATION song, THISKIDSNOTALRIGHT. Confused yet?
  • Killer Instinct is a video game series by Rare, a 1988 film known as Deadly Observation, a 1991 film known as Homicidal Impulse, a 1992 film known as Mad Dog Coll, a 2001 horror movie, a 2005 crime drama TV series, a 2006 thriller novel by Joseph Finder, a 2011 true crime TV series, and a 2015 true crime TV series.
  • The 1936 UK movie King of Hearts is unrelated to the 1966 French movie King of Hearts which is unrelated to the 1996 US movie King of Hearts.
  • King of Thorn is a post-apocalyptic manga by Yuji Iwahara. King of Thorns is the second book in fantasy The Broken Empire Trilogy by British writer Mark Lawrence.
  • Kingdom Come is the name of a heavy metal band, a 1996 DC Comics mini-series, and a 2001 film.
  • Kingdom Wars is a 3D strategy game by Reverie World Studios, and a Mobile Phone Game by Mobirix.
  • King's Quest is a video game series. Kings Quest is a comic by Dynamite Comics.
  • Kira☆Kira is a Visual Novel about a high school punk rock band, while Kira-Kira is a Newbery Medal-winning young adult novel by Cynthia Kadohata.
  • Kiss is the title of a 2007 YA novel by Jacqueline Wilson. Kiss is also the title of a 2009 suspense novel by Ted Dekker & Erin Healy.
    • And of course, There's KISS the band.
    • Let's not also forget the song by Prince!
  • "Kiss The Girl" is the title of a song from the Disney movie The Little Mermaid. It is also the title of a song about the Doctor Who episode "The Lodger".
  • Knightmare is the name of both a British children's Game Show and a Shoot 'em Up for the MSX. The former also had a video game adaptation to make it more confusing.
  • Knockin' on Heaven's Door is a 1973 Bob Dylan song, the Cowboy Bebop movie, a Neon Genesis Evangelion episode, and a 2014 Nigerian musical film.
  • Kung Fu is a TV series starring David Carradine, or the NES port of the arcade game Kung-Fu Master. Kung Fu Master is a 1988 French drama film.
  • Kurogane a action manga set in the Edo Period that ran from 1996 to 1997 and Kurogane, a present day Kendo sports manga released in 2011 and currently ongoing.

    L 
  • Lab Rats is either a short lived British sitcom about a research lab, or a much longer-lasting Disney superhero sitcom. Or a short lived DC comic book title from the early 2000s.
  • Labyrinth is a 1986 movie, a 2005 novel by Kate Moss, and an RPG dungeon crawler by Free Range Games.
  • "Lady Double Dealer" is the name of a song by Krokus. There's no way it could have escaped their attention that Deep Purple had done a song of the same title a few years earlier, but Krokus were a bunch of lovable street urchin thieves when it came to songwriting ideas.
    • Krokus also has two completely different songs titled "No Way", the first one from their first (self-titled) album (1976), the second one from the same album as the aforementioned "Lady Double Dealer" (Metal Rendez-vous, 1980). (The first one of these is easy to ignore, because the album it's from had very few copies printed and is therefore almost impossible to find.)
  • Land of the Lost wasn't always a Sid and Marty Krofft series (and a later remake and a film remake with Will Ferrell) about a family who gets stranded in another world with dinosaurs and various weird creatures. It was previously a radio series about a boy and girl who regularly went on trips to an underwater "land" where things that get "lost" eventually turn up. The latter was even adapted into an animated short by Famous Studios.
  • The Indian movie Lagaan and the anime series Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann.
  • The Last Command can be either a 1928 silent film directed by Josef von Sternberg or a 1993 Star Wars novel written by Timothy Zahn.
  • Last Mission, an omnidirectional arcade Shoot 'em Up by Data East, is not to be confused with The Last Mission, a Flip Screen Action Game by Opera Soft. There is also La dernière mission, a French graphic adventure for the Amstrad CPC whose title translates to the same thing.
  • mind.in.a.box remixed the theme from The Last Ninja 3, but also produced an original chiptune titled "The Last Ninja". The Last Ninja is also the title of a TV movie starring Mako and Michael Beck, unrelated to the games.
  • "The Last Song" is a 2004 song by Hilary Duff, a 1973 hit for Canadian pop band Edward Bear, a 1992 Tear Jerker song by Elton John about a father visiting his LGBT son dying of AIDS, or a 2010 Tear Jerker movie written by Nicholas Sparks and starring Miley Cyrus, involving a divorced man dying of cancer and his jaded ex-piano prodigy daughter visiting him in Georgia.
  • "Laura," a country song sung by Tom Jones, is completely unrelated to the 40s ballad "Laura" and the same-name movie the latter appeared in.
    • Neither of which are related to the 1982 song "Laura", from the Billy Joel album The Nylon Curtainnote .
  • Legend is a 1985 movie, a 2015 movie, and a 2005 WildStorm comic.
  • Lenore is a 1773 seminal horror ballad by Gottfried August Bürger. It is also a rather shorter 1843 poem by Edgar Allan Poe, who quite proably was influenced by Bürger and also used the name in his story Eleonora (1841) and as that of the narrator's lost love in The Raven. The comic Lenore the Cute Little Dead Girl by Roman Dirge is inspired more by Poe than Bürger.
  • Nada Surf put out an album called Let Go the same year Avril Lavigne called her debut the same thing. Reportedly, Nada Surf had that title in mind for a while, found out there was a major hit release with the same title, and decided to stick with it anyway.
  • Let It Go is either referring to Yuna Ito's song or the more well-known piece in Frozen.
    • KC and the Sunshine Band, Scatman John, Keyshia Cole, Tim Mc Graw, Def Leppard, Cavo, James Bay, and Mitchell Musso all have unrelated songs called "Let It Go" as well.
  • There are two completely different songs called "Let the Beat Hit 'em". One song is by 80s group Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam, the other is a song that appears in various Bemani games.
  • Life, the Live-Action Television drama. Life, a BBC documentary. Life, a manga series. Life, a movie starring Eddie Murphy and Martin Lawrence, Life, a science-fiction film. The Game of Life (the Milton-Bradley board game). Conway's Game of Life. Life, the breakfast cereal. And most, if not all of these, are named after Real Life.
    • And Life Magazine, which bought its title from a defunct unrelated humor magazine.
  • Lifeline is a series of Interactive Fiction mobile games, and the American title of the PlayStation 2 game Operator's Side. Especially confusing as both games involve remotely guiding another character to escape with directions, and the person you need to guide in both Operator's Side and the first mobile game is a passenger on a space station.
  • "Life on Mars" is a song by David Bowie. It's also the title of a television programme named after it, and the title of another television programme named after both the above. The Radiators (US) have their own completely unrelated song of the same name. It's also the title of a book by the Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli, and also a group of Lego models.
  • Lingo is a GSN game show with no relation whatsoever to the CBeebies show, The Lingo Show.
  • Living in Oblivion is an indie film about indie filmmaking, and a blog where Chris Livingston attempts to play The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion as a Non-Player Character.
  • Lobo is a comic by DC Comics, and a comic by Dell Comics.
  • Lone Wolf, a well-known 1980s Heroic Fantasy Gamebook series with a vaguely pseudo-Asian setting, and the equally well-known samurai manga series Lone Wolf and Cub are sometimes confused or mistakenly believed to have some connection.
  • "The Look of Love": A 60's blues song by Dusty Springfield, or an 80's post-disco electro song by ABC?
  • Lost is a 2004 mind screwy television program created by J. J. Abrams. But there was also a short-lived reality-TV show by that same name in 2001, as well as a pair of movies, three books, four albums, and a partridge in a pear tree.
  • The Lost Boys is a Joel Schumacher film about homoerotic vampires. It should definitely not be confused with Lost Boys, which is an Orson Scott Card novel about murdered children.
  • Lost Girl is a television series about supernatural creatures called Fae. Lost Girls is an adult comic book by Alan Moore featuring Alice, Dorothy, and Wendy.
  • Lost Highway is a rock and roll song by Bon Jovi, a country song by Leon Payne, and a surrealist film by David Lynch.
  • There's Lost Continent (a sci-fi movie from Robert L. Lippert), The Lost Continent (a fantasy/adventure movie from Hammer Films) and Atlantis: The Lost Continent (a fantasy movie from George Pal). And those are just the movies.
  • Little Boots, Freddie Mercury and Robyn have all recorded synthpop songs titled "Love Kills".
  • Little Miss Sunshine, one of the characters in the Mr. Men series. Little Miss Sunshine, R-rated film about a dysfunctional family's attempt to enter a beauty pageant miles away from their home.
  • The Lost World by Arthur Conan Doyle, and The Lost World by Michael Crichton.
  • Lucky Star is a comedy manga and anime, while Lucky Starr is a series of science-fiction novels. "Lucky Star" is also a 1929 romantic drama film, a Madonna song, and many other things...

    M 
  • Madhouse is a 1990 comedy film starring Kirstie Alley and John Laroquette, a 1974 horror film starring Vincent Price and Peter Cushing, and a 2004 horror film starring Joshua Leonard. All three are completely unrelated and only the 2004 film has anything to do with a literal madhouse. Or the pop band who covered Madonna songs, or the song by Anthrax, or the renowned anime studio.
  • Mad Money is a 2008 movie with Diane Keaton, Queen Latifah, and Katie Holmes. It is also a CNBC investment show hosted by Jim Cramer.
  • The soundtrack to Wizards of Waverly Place has Selena Gomez singing THREE songs entitled "Magic" on it, each of which were marked by one or more asterisks matched to the artists who originally performed them. (The songs were originally performed by The Cars, Pilot, and Olivia Newton-John)
  • Major Minor is an indie game relating to music with a cast full of Petting Zoo People. Major Minor's Majestic March is...ALSO an indie game relating to music with a cast full of Petting Zoo People. The differences are that Major\Minor is a story-heavy Visual Novel from startup company Tall Tail Studios, whereas Major Minor's Majestic March is an Excuse Plot Rhythm Game from veteran company NaNaOnSha (the studio behind PaRappa the Rapper). The musical theme for both is not coincidential though, as a "major minor" is a type of musical chord.
  • Mammoth is a 2009 drama about a man's relationship with an Asian sex worker. Mammoth is also a 2006 Syfy Channel Original Movie starring Summer Glau.
  • Man of the House is a 1995 family comedy in which Jonathan Taylor Thomas doesn't like the idea of his mother Farrah Fawcett marrying Chevy Chase, and a 2005 comedy drama in which Tommy Lee Jones is in charge of a cheerleading squad who've witnessed a murder.
  • There are two unrelated manga series with the title Mars: One is a Mitsuteru Yokoyama series from the 70s about an amnesiac young man found on a volcanic island who is the key to destroying the world or saving it; it was loosely adapted into God Mars. The other is a 90s shoujo series about an unlikely couple with dark pasts.
  • "M.A.S.K., is the mighty power that can save the day!" It's also a docudrama (written as "Mask") starring Cher. Not only that, but both made their debut the same year (1985), which can lead to some confusion. There's also "The Mask", which was adapted into a movie in 1994.
  • Mega Force was a 1982 motorcycle action film that had an Atari 2600 Licensed Game, and also the international Market-Based Title of the arcade version of Star Force. Not to be confused with the video games Space Megaforce (the North American Market-Based Title of Super Aleste) and Mega Man Star Force, or the TV series Power Rangers Megaforce.
  • Men in Black is the title of a comic book series and derivative science fiction movie with Tommy Lee Jones and Will Smith. Men In Black is also the name of a 1935 The Three Stooges short.
  • Merlin, a 2008 series based on King Arthur, and Merlin, a 1998 miniseries based on King Arthur. There's also the opera by Isaac Albéniz based on... you guessed it.
  • The Messenger is a 2009 drama. The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc is a 1999 film starring Milla Jovovich as Joan of Arc. There are various other films titled The Messenger or The Messengers.
  • "Metal Gear" was the name of a short-lived Japanese heavy metal magazine published during the late 1980's. It had nothing to do with Konami's stealth action game series.
  • Metamorphoses (Ovid) or Metamorphosis (Kafka)? Indeed, there are many more examples Older Than Steam, radio or television... To mark the difference one would have to check the author.
  • Millennium can refer to Millennium, a crime/mystery show written by Chris Carter of the The X-Files and starring Lance Henriksen; The Millennium Trilogy, a series of crime novels and films of Swedish origin; a 1988 DC crossover comic; and a 1983 novel written by John Varley and the 1989 film based on it, which deals with an airplane crash caused by Time Travel.
  • We're the Millers is a film about a Ragtag Bunch of Misfits pretending to be a family and slowly become one for real; The Millers is a sitcom about a family that's falling apart (parents are separated) but still live together.
  • Mirror, Mirror is the 2012 adaptation of Snow White. There is also Mirror, Mirror, an Australian/New Zealand series, Mirror, Mirror, a retelling of Snow White by Gregory Maguire, and Mirror, Mirror, the 90s horror film, along with its sequels. Seeing how well-known the original phrase is, there's bound to be more...
  • There's the legendary Punk Rock band The Misfits, and the fictional New Wave Music band The Misfits from Jem, AND the TV series Misfits. The real life band is intentionally named after the film Misfits, though.
  • MOD artist Mysterium produced a remake of Dr. Awesome (Bjorn Lynne)'s "Bridge to the Universe Part 2" titled "Into The Void". Later, Bjorn Lynne made an original song with the same name. Also, not to be confused with the Nine Inch Nails song.
  • Monkey Business is the title of two different classic comedy films: one stars the Marx Brothers, and the other had Cary Grant and Ginger Rogers. It's also the title of an album by The Black Eyed Peas.
  • Monolith Soft, the Japanese developer of Xenosaga, is not to be confused with Monolith Productions, the American developer of No One Lives Forever and F.E.A.R., nor with Monolith Corp., the company that developed the Super NES ports of Fatal Fury Special, Art of Fighting and Samurai Shodown.
  • Princess Mononoke: Comparatively dark Miyazaki anime film with (shock) an environmental theme. Mononoke: supernatural horror Mind Screw anime series.
  • Monster is a manga/anime about a doctor who saves the life of the wrong person. Monster is a biopic known for Charlize Theron's weight gain. The Lady Gaga song is unrelated to either. Or to the urban fantasy novel by A. Lee Martinez.
  • The coin-op Monster Bash is not to be confused with the PC platform game Monster Bash. Neither of them are to be confused with the pinball machine.
  • M.A.S.H. is a popular game in which someone creates a hilariously outrageous fantasy life for another player, and then there's Mash, a 1970's comedy/drama in film, book and television incarnations about a group of doctors in a mobile hospital during the Korean War. Averted way back in 1953 with the Humphrey Bogart/June Allyson film Battle Circus, which was originally supposed to be named M*A*S*H 66, after the unit the movie was set in, the 8666th Mobile Army Surgical Hospital. MGM's executives demanded a change in the title, fearing that the audience would stay away thinking that the film was about potatoes.
  • The Mask is a 1994 action comedy based on the Dark Horse comic The Mask. The Mask is a 1961 film known as Eyes of Hell. Mask is a 1985 drama by Peter Bogdanovich. M.A.S.K. is an animated series promoting action figures by Kenner.
  • Monster Farm: cartoon about a young man who inherits a farm from his great uncle, or an anime adventure.
  • Monster House: A Discovery Channel series about thematically remodelling houses, or a 2006 CGI horror film produced by Robert Zemeckis and Steven Spielberg.
  • Moon Crystal, a somewhat obscure 1992 Famicom game, shares its title with an even more obscure Japanese PC game of the same year.
  • Mother is at least three films and a video game, all unrelated to each other. Not to be confused with mother!, or works with similar titles like Mom, or Mama.
  • Mother Night, the 1961 novel by Kurt Vonnegut, should not be confused with 'night, Mother, the 1981 play by Marsha Norman.
  • Moulin Rouge (1952) and Moulin Rouge! (2001) are both about Toulouse-Lautrec and involve the titular nightclub, but otherwise have nothing in common. Several unrelated movies share the title.
  • Mr. and Mrs. Smith is the title of a 1941 screwball comedy by Alfred Hitchcock and a 2005 action comedy starring Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie.
  • Murder by Numbers was a 2002 movie, as well as a song by The Police.
  • "Murder By Proxy" is the title of an episode from at least three different Quinn Martin shows - The Streets of San Francisco, Dan August and Cannon (the latter two also share a guest star in Anne Francis).
  • Mutant X is a 1998 comic and a 2001 TV series.
  • There is more than one fanfic called My Immortal. The wiki page leads to a Harry Potter fanfic. This one is a Buffy the Vampire Slayer/Torchwood crossover, in which The Immortal (from the Angel episode "The Girl In Question") turns out to be ... Captain Jack Harkness.
    • Outside of Fan Fiction, it's the name of an Evanescence song, and was the inspiration for the Harry Potter fanfic's title, and probably the others as well.
  • The Commodore 64 game Myth: History in the Making has no relation to Bungie's Myth RTS games.

    N 

    O 

    P 

    Q 

    R 
  • J. Eifie Nichols' novel The Radiant Dawn has nothing to do with Fire Emblem: Radiant Dawn.
  • The old Roguelike game Ragnarok has no relation to Ragnarok Online.
  • The Raiden Project was a PS1 compilation port of Raiden and Raiden II. The Raven Project was an FMV Rail Shooter similar to Star Wars: Rebel Assault.
  • Two movies have been titled The Rainmaker. The 1956 one was adapted from a play by N. Richard Nash (which was later musicalized as 110 in the Shade). The 1997 one was originally a novel by John Grisham.
  • Uwe Boll's 2009 film Rampage is unconnected to Midway's video game series, despite the fact that Boll is known for his In-Name-Only video game adaptations. Also unrelated to the 1987 legal drama Rampage by William Friedkin. Or the 2018 movie adaptation Rampage.
  • "Rapid Fire" is a 1980 metal song by Judas Priest. Rapid Fire is a 1993 martial-arts film starring Brandon Lee.
  • Raspberry Heaven is either a song by Martin Waslewski or the ending theme of Azumanga Daioh.
  • Rec is a cutesy slice-of-life anime about a voice actress. [REC] is a Spanish horror film.
  • Red is a 1994 movie in the Three Colors Trilogy, a 2008 movie based on a Jack Ketchum novel, a 2010 action movie based on a comic, a 1998 manga by Kenichi Muraeda, a 2006 manga by Sanae Rokuya, a 2007 manga by Naoki Yamamoto, a Ted Dekker novel, a Christian metal band, a Taylor Swift song and album, a musical about Little Red Riding Hood, a play about painter Mark Rothko, a Doctor Who audio drama, a Dark Angel episode, a Smallville episode, and a game company.
  • Red Baron is the title of an old Vector Game by Atari, predating by a decade the Red Baron series of flight simulators by Dynamix, which predated Red Baron: Ace of the Sky, which was licensed by the pizza brand and was made available by clipping pizza box coupons.
  • Redcap, a 1964 ITV drama series about Royal Military Police investigator John Mann, Red Cap, a 2003 BBC drama series about Royal Military Police investigator Jo McDonagh, and Redcap, a 2006 novel by Brian Callison about Royal Military Police investigator Staff Sergeant Walker. Red Cap is also a 1991 novel by G. Clifton Wisler which isn't about a Royal Military Police investigator, but a drummer boy in the American Civil War. And Red Caps was a 2011 Finnish/Italian animated series about Santa's little helpers.
  • Renegade - a 1986 side-scrolling beat-'em-up by Technos Japan Corp (a localization of the Japanese game Nekketsu Kōha Kunio-kun)? Or a 1992 TV series starring Lorenzo Lamas?
    • Or the Italian original title of a 1987 movie starring Terence Hill and his son Ross?
  • The Replacements, a 2000s cartoon about replacement parents? The Replacements, a film about American Football? Or The Replacements, an 80s power pop band?
  • "Rent" the Pet Shop Boys song, and RENT the Rock Opera musical.
  • Aside from being a Stock Subtitle, Resurrection is the name of an 1899 Leo Tolstoy novel, a 1999 movie, and a 2014 show.
  • Revelation and Revelations are common titles for fan fiction. Revelations by Aralinn, a fan sequel to The Lord of the Rings about vampires, is just one of more than 50 stories at Fanfiction.Net with that exact title Revelations plural, not counting Revelation singular.
  • Revenge the 2010s TV show is unrelated to Revenge the 1990 movie, although they both feature Madeleine Stowe in a main role. And they both end with her character getting Killed Off for Real.
  • This trope affected late-60's one-hit wonders Thunderclap Newman. The song that would end up being their only hit was about to be released under the name Revolution, but when The Beatles released their single of that name, the Thunderclap Newman single was hastily renamed Something in the Air.
  • It's probably best not to confuse Rifts (that ultra-eclectic postapocalyptic tabletop game) with Rift (that MMO involving a conflict between blind faith and reckless science and dragon-things tearing big holes in the world). There's already been a minor legal fuss over it, after all.
  • Riot are a band from New York City whose Fire Down Under has been referred to as the first speed metal album. Quiet Riot were a bubblegum-ish band from Los Angeles with rather undistinguished material, but whose management was interested in actually promoting them. It's now difficult to speak of Riot without it being taken as meaning Quiet Riot.
    • It's also a Paramore album. And a song by Three Days Grace.
  • There is a 1996 FMV game named Ripper and an unrelated 2001 Slasher Movie also named Ripper. Both are however about a Jack the Ripper-copycat.
  • Data East's 1984 laserdisc FMV game Road Blaster should not be confused with Atari Games' 1986 racing game RoadBlasters. The Sega CD port of the former was renamed Road Avenger, presumably to avoid confusion.
  • The 1989 Patrick Swayze cheesefest Road House has nothing to do with the Film Noir Road House from 1948.
  • Robot Wars is a successful British combat show and an American robot tournament. Super Robot Wars is a Japanese video game series which people confusingly abbreviate to Robot Wars.
    • The Japanese video game series is released note  as Super Robot Taisen outside of Japan.
  • The pinball video game Rollerball by HAL Laboratory, has nothing to do with the movie Rollerball.
  • Ronin is a Frank Miller comic and Syfy miniseries, and a spy film. RONIN is a cyberpunk action game.
  • Please don't confuse Room note  with The Room note .
  • Rules of Engagement by Elizabeth Moon, the fifth book in the Familias Regnant series, should not be confused with Rules of Engagement, the TV sitcom. Nor, for that matter, with Rules of Engagement by Peter Morwood, which is a Star Trek Expanded Universe novel. Nor the Tommy Lee Jones movie, Rules of Engagement. Or the film directed by William Friedkin and starring Samuel L. Jackson. Or the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode which, like the movie, is also about a decorated officer who's accused of wrongfully attacking civilians in combat.
  • "Run to the Sun" was the title of a song by Erasure, as well as an earlier italo-disco song by Mauro Farina as Max Coveri, which in turn was later one of the many artist names used by Maurizio de Jorio.
  • The Running Man is a Stephen King novel (adapted into an Arnold Schwarzenegger movie) about a Deadly Game in a dystopian future America. It's also the title of a 1963 film starring Laurence Harvey about a man who commits Insurance Fraud. And it's also the name of a Korean game show.
  • Rush Hour: Film series, not to be confused with the sketch show of the same name, or the hit song by Jane Wiedlin.
  • Rush, the Canadian Progressive Rock trio, have had at one point to remind Rush, the American conservative talk show host, to not use their music with this as justification. And if any of these are related to Rush, a 1991 crime drama taking place in Texas, it'd be a surprise. Also, people looking in record shops for music by the prog group have reportedly been annoyed at having to wade through Jennifer Rush albums in their search.
    • Rush, the 2013 Ron Howard docudrama about a '70s Formula 1 rivalry.

    S 
  • Safe was a 1993 British TV movie about homeless people and a 1995 American movie by Todd Haynes about Julianne Moore going mad. As both got a lot of critical acclaim particularly in the UK, this was very confusing, though the latter is often written [safe].
    • It's also the title of a 2012 crime thriller starring Jason Statham.
  • Salamander is about political skullduggery in Belgium. Not to be confused with Konami's Gradius spinoff Salamander (a.k.a. Life Force in North America).
  • Sally Forth can refer to a family-friendly newspaper comic, or a more adult comic that ran in military newspapers.
  • Salt is an Adam Roberts novel, a 1987 movie known as Uppu, a 2006 movie, a 2009 Australian documentary, a 2010 action movie, and a game by Lavaboots Studios.
  • San Andreas is a 1984 novel by Alistair MacLean about war at sea, a 2015 disaster film, or a game in the Grand Theft Auto series.
  • There's Sanctuary, a Live-Action TV show about a group of people who hunt down monsters, and Sanctuary, a manganote  about two survivors of the Khmer Rouge takeover of Cambodia, acting as a politician and a Yakuza to reform Japan.
  • The Sandman (1816) is a Gothic short story by E. T. A. Hoffmann. No relation to The Sandman (Danish: Ole-Lukøie), a fairy tale by Hans Christian Andersen, the Golden-Age superhero called The Sandman, or indeed The Sandman (1989-96), comic book series by Neil Gaiman.
    • How about to former ECW star The Sandman?
    • There are also several songs called Sandman (and at least one called Mr. Sandman and one called Enter Sandman) and at least two films called The Sandman.
  • Sangatsu no Lion is a 1991 Japanese live-action drama film. It is also the name of a Japanese manga about shogi.
  • Thin Lizzy have two completely different songs called "Sarah" - one from 1972's Shades of a Blue Orphanage and one from 1979's Black Rose: A Rock Legend. Both are about different relatives of Phil Lynott with the same name - the 1972 "Sarah" was about his grandmother, while the 1979 "Sarah" was about his daughter.
  • Saturday Night Live, a mid-Seventies sketch comedy show on NBC that featured Bill Murray in its cast. No relation, of course, to Saturday Night Live, a mid-Seventies sketch comedy show on *ABC* that featured Bill Murray in its cast.
  • Before Wes Craven's Scream, there was 1981 low-budget slasher named Scream. The 1981 film has also used the alternate title The Outing on some VHS versions, which is shared by a slasher film from 1987.
    • It is also the name of songs by Michael and Janet Jackson, Avenged Sevenfold, and Adelitas Way.
    • And of course, there's Edvard Munch's famous painting The Scream, which inspired the mask worn by the killer in the Wes Craven film.
  • S.D.I. is the name of two unrelated video games released in 1987: a trackball-based Arcade Game by Sega, and a computer game published by Cinemaware.
  • Season of the Witch is a 1973 George A. Romero movie, the third Halloween movie, and a 2011 movie.
  • The Sea World marine park in Australia, the Sea World aquarium in Indonesia, and the SeaWorld chain of marine parks in the U.S. all have zero relation to each other.
  • Second Chance is a Game Show from 1977, as well as an unrelated sci-fi series from 2016 about an old man who is de-aged to his younger self.
  • The Second Reality demo is not to be confused with The Second Reality Project, a Game Mod of Super Mario World. There's also an unrelated mind.in.a.box song titled "Second Reality".
  • Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water (1990) and Secret of Cerulean Sand (2002) are both steampunk Animes.
  • Secret War is a different crossover than the 1984 crossover Secret Wars or the 2015 crossover Secret Wars.
  • Seek And Destroy is the name of two different games, both involving tanks: a 1996 MS-DOS and Amiga Shoot 'em Up and a 2002 UsefulNotes/Playstation 2 ActionGame. It's also the name of a Metallica song.
  • The Real-Time Strategy game Sengoku shares its title with an unrelated series of Beat Em Ups by SNK and Sengoku Ace, a Shoot 'em Up set in feudal Japan.
  • The Sentinel is a 1970s horror film starring Chris Sarandon; a 2006 political thriller starring Michael Douglas; and a late-'90s sci-fi series. It was also a short story by Arthur C. Clarke which was a major inspiration behind 2001: A Space Odyssey; and a bizarre conquest game which appeared on most 8-bit computers.
  • Seven is a 1979 action movie and a 1995 thriller known as Se7en.
  • The Seven Deadly Sins could either refer to the Medieval European Fantasy themed manga The Seven Deadly Sins about seven knights themed around the Seven Deadly Sins, or an upcoming anime about scantily clad female demons themed around the Seven Deadly Sins.
  • Shades of Grey, a quirky and innovative fantasy novel by Jasper Fforde is almost named the same as the more popular and well-known Fifty Shades of Grey. To make the confusion perfect, some translations kept the English title of the latter, but cut the "Fifty". There's also "Shades of Grey" by the Monkees.
  • Shadowbane is a Forgotten Realms novel and novel series, and a defunct MMORPG.
  • Shadows of Mordor is a 1987 game by Beam Software. Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor is a 2014 game by Monolith Productions.
  • Shift 2 is either the second in a series of Puzzle Platformer games, or the divorced sequel to Need for Speed: Shift.
  • Shelter (also known as 6 Souls) is a horror flick from 2010, starring Julianne Moore as a forensic psychiatrist who discovers that all of one of her patient's multiple personalities are murder victims. There is also Shelter from 2007, the Coming-Out Story of Zach who falls in love with his best friend's older brother. Perhaps this is why the Julianne Moore film was given a Market-Based Title when released in the US (6 Souls).
  • Shivers is a survival horror game by Sierra, and a 1975 film by David Cronenberg.
  • There's Silent Hill the survival horror game series by Konami, and then there's the Christmas and completely non-horror song "Silent Hill" in DanceDanceRevolution, which is also a Konami series.
  • Simple Man was used as a title by Lynyrd Skynyrd (later covered by Shinedown), The Charlie Daniels Band, Klaus Nomi and Turbulent.
  • Sing is either a 2016 animated movie about singing animals or a 1989 live-action movie about a high-school musical (not that one). Nor is the animated film the Hungarian movie that won Best Live Action Short Film at the 2017 Oscars.
  • Skate or Die! is a skateboarding game ported to the NES. Skate or Die is a 2008 French action film.
  • Skins is the title of a a horror webcomic, a British TV series or film
  • Sky Burial is the name of an album by black metal/sludge band Inter Arma, and also the name of an album by dark ambient project Echtra (formerly also a black metal band). To make things even more confusing, they were both released in 2013.
  • Sledgehammer refers to, among other things, a horror movie from 1983, a TV show from 1986-1987, a 1974 song by Bachman-Turner Overdrive, a 1986 song by Peter Gabriel, a 2007 song by The Fall of Troy, and a 2013 song by Fifth Harmony. The Peter Gabriel song was used in advertisements for the TV show, but otherwise, none of these have anything to do with each other.
  • Snuggle fabric softener must absolutely NOT be confused with Snuggles, a doll by the Ideal Toy Company that could move with a pull string (and which predates the fabric softener).note 
  • Soldier, a 1972 song by Harvey Andrews, a 1972 song by Neil Young, a 1980 album by Iggy Pop, a 1981 song by ABBA, a 2002 song by Eminem, a 2005 song by Destiny's Child, a 2007 song by Drowning Pool, a 2008 song by Erykah Badu, a 2011 song by Gavin DeGraw, a 2012 song by Ulrik Munther, a 2013 song by Samantha Jade, the Harlan Ellison short story known as "Soldier From Tomorrow", the 1964 The Outer Limits episode based on "Soldier From Tomorrow", a 1998 sci-fi action film, a 1998 Bollywood action thriller, a 2009 film by Vijaya Nirmala, and a 2010 film by Dulal Bhowmik.
  • Soldier of Fortune, the First-Person Shooter series, is unrelated to the Commodore 64 and ZX Spectrum games of the same name. Neither is to be confused with Soldiers of Fortune, which was a Market-Based Title for The Chaos Engine. Or the magazine Soldier of Fortune.
  • Solo is a comic by Marvel Comics, and a comic by DC Comics.
  • Solstice is an NES game and a visual novel.
  • "Somebody to Love" by The Great Society, also played by Jefferson Airplane, and "Somebody to Love" by Queen haven't got much more in common than the title. The Justin Bieber song is unrelated to either song.
  • The 1939 movie Some Like It Hot, featuring Bob Hope, Shirley Ross and Gene Krupa, is unrelated to Some Like It Hot, the famous drag comedy from twenty years later. Neither are related to The Power Station's 1985 smash hit.
  • Frank Sinatra has two albums with almost the same titles Songs for Swingin' Lovers! and Songs for Young Lovers, which are often confused with each other despite one different adjective in the title.
  • Sonic Boom is the title of three games by Sega, only two of which are connected to the Sonic the Hedgehog franchise. The other is a Vertical Scrolling Shooter dating back to 1987.
    • It's also the theme song to Sonic CD that was created specifically for North America.
  • Sorcerer the computer adventure and Sorcerer the pinball machine both have the same general theme (as evident from the title), but are otherwise unrelated. Neither have any connection to the movie, or to its Tangerine Dream soundtrack, or the Tabletop RPG Sorcerer.
  • Sorcery! is a series of gamebooks and a video game adaptation, and a 2012 PS3 game.
  • South Pacific is also the title of a 1943 play by Howard Rigsby and Dorothy Heyward, unrelated to the later musical—though both plays happen to be about confronting American racial prejudice during World War II.
  • When most people think of Space Ace, they think of the LaserDisc arcade game made by the same people who made Dragon's Lair. However, "Space Ace" can also refer to the very first show Tatsunoko Production ever made: Uchuu Ace (which literally translates as "Space Ace").
  • Space Quest is a Sierra adventure game series, and the second episode of Frasier.
  • Spectrum was a military organisation in 1968 Supermarionation series Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons. The Spectrum was a (coincidentally-named) late-1960s pop group who, because of the coincidence, were invited to do the closing-credits music for Captain Scarlet. Then there was the 1982 pinball game Spectrum and the 1982 computer the ZX Spectrum, unrelated to either of these or to each other.
  • In 1936, long before the film Speed about a bomb on a bus, there was a film of the same name about a race car driver setting the land speed record. Also the name of a Covenant song.
  • Spliced is a 2002 horror film known as The Wisher, or a 2009 Canadian animated series. Splice is a 2009 science fiction horror film, a puzzle game by Cipher Prime, or a cloud based music and collaboration platform.
  • The manga Spriggan has nothing to do with the Spriggan series of Shoot Em Ups by Naxat/Compile.
  • The 1970s song Stairway to Heaven that was very popular in Jamaica, and is still played on the radio there sometimes, is from the O'Jays album "Family Reunion". Many Jamaicans are unaware of the earlier, unrelated song of the same name by Led Zeppelin.
    • It was also the name of a hit song by Neil Sedaka back in the '60s, long before either song became a hit.
  • The Battle of Stalingrad during World War II has inspired many works by that name. We have articles for a 1993 German film called "Stalingrad" and a 2013 Russian film called "Stalingrad", but there are several more unlisted works.
  • There was an obscure Turn-Based Strategy game for the Apple ][ titled Starcraft—no relation to Starcraft, of course. Starcraft was also the name of a defunct Japanese company that ported many Western games to Japanese computers.
  • Nintendo's Star Fox is completely unrelated to Star Fox, an almost universally derided Atari 2600 game released a decade before.
    • Another unrelated game titled Starfox (spelled as one word) was released in Europe for the Commodore 64, ZX Spectrum and Amstrad CPC. Because the trademark was still active during The '90s, this forced the first two games in the Star Fox series to be retitled Starwing and Lyrat Wars respectively in Europe.
    • The Star Fox is also a science fiction novel by Poul Anderson.
  • The original arcade version of Defender II was released under the name Stargate. No relation to that franchise of movies and TV series, of course.
  • Imagic's Star Voyager is a simple space-themed Shoot 'em Up that appeared on the Atari 2600. Another game called Star Voyager was released on the NES in 1987, its gameplay owing a lot more to Star Raiders than the original Star Voyager.
  • There was a coin-op called Star Wars ("starw" in MAME) which was a bootleg of Galaxy Wars, released in 1979, 2 years after the first Star Wars film, but before the arcade Licensed Game.
    • There's also Exidy's Star Fire, a loose adaptation of Star Wars that also predates the official arcade game.
      • If you're a Child of the Eighties, "Star Wars" means lightsabers and Wookiees. If you're an adult from the eighties, "Star Wars" probably meant Ronald Reagan's missile defense system.
  • Long before Twisted Sister's most famous album (released in 1984), there had been a completely unrelated movie called "Stay Hungry".
  • Stellaris is not only a 2016 4X real-time strategy game set in space, but also an educational Italian "interactive cartoon" adventure game for young kids, released exactly 20 years before. Here's the Italian game's episode with a space setting... Hilariously, since the name is the same, the YouTube Gaming subsite recognizes the adventure game's clips as clips from the other Stellaris!
  • "Step by step! Ooh, baby!..." This is a song you won't hear in the similarly named sitcom. Nor is it related to the Alan Parsons Project song of the same name.
  • Still Alive, the ending song from Portal, is completely unrelated to Still Alive (The Theme from Mirror's Edge).
    • Or Still Alive, the song by Finnish band The Crash.
    • Or even Still Alive, the song by Chilean industrial band Vigilante.
  • Covenant produced a song called "Storm" in 1996, then in 2006, Eskil Simonsson of that group sang vocals on a Front Line Assembly song titled "The Storm".
  • Stranger Things is a 2016 sci-fi horror Netflix series as well as a 2010 American-British drama film about a woman and a homeless man she allows to stay in her shed.
  • Strange World is the name of three different songs by Iron Maiden, Ke, and Push / M.I.K.E.
  • The Street Fighter, a series of 1970s grindhouse films starring Sonny Chiba, and Street Fighter, a series of fighting games (which even spun off some movies of its own).
  • Streets of Fire is a movie, a Bruce Springsteen song intended for the movie, and an Initial D song.
  • There are several unrelated songs called "Stupid Girl". One by The Rolling Stones in 1966, another by Neil Young and Crazy Horse in 1975, another by Garbage in 1996 (which sampled The Clash's "Train in Vain"), and another by Cold in 2003. P!nk also had a song called "Stupid Girls" in 2006, which was thematically similar to the song by Garbage.
  • P. G. Wodehouse quipped in the introduction to one of his early Blandings Castle novels that he hoped it made the list of the eleven best books named Summer Lightning.
  • Suicide Squad is a 1935 movie about firemen, a 1959-62 DC title about war veterans, and the ongoing DC title about a black ops team consisting of supervillains (which in turn was adapted into a movie).
  • There are two manga magazines in Japan with "Sunday" as part of the title: the more well known Weekly Shonen Sunday by Shogakukan, and the seinen magazine Weekly Manga Sunday published by a company called Jistsugyo no Nihon Sha.note 
  • Sunshine is both a 1999 film about three generations of a Hungarian-Jewish family living throughout the first half of the twentieth century, and a 2007 science fiction film about a space mission to reignite the sun. There's also a 1973 Made-for-TV movie called Sunshine. And a vampire novel.
  • There are countless songs titled "Sunrise", many of which are in the trance genre.
  • Survivors, a 1970s British post-apocalyptic drama and its 2000s remake, should not be confused with American reality show Survivor. Or the band best known for the hit "Eye of the Tiger".

    T 

    U 
  • The Ugly Truth is both a 2009 romantic comedy film and the fifth Diary of a Wimpy Kid book.
  • Ultraviolet and Ultraviolet are about vampires. However, one is a film, the other is a TV series, and they weren't even produced in the same country.
  • Undefeated is the 2011 Oscar winner for Best Documentary. THE Undefeated from the same year is a documentary praising Sarah Palin. You can't get further apart than that.
  • Underdog is both the name of a Western Animation series and film adaptation about a heroic canine and a gritty Manga centered around a Deadly Game that depicts graphic scenes of sex and murder.
  • Underworld is an action/horror franchise about werewolves battling vampires, and a 1996 comedy thriller starring Dennis Leary. Neither of them is related to the Sabreman game Underwurlde.
  • The Adventure Game Uninvited was released only a few years before a So Bad, It's Good movie of the same title about a killer mutant cat. The Uninvited is also the title of a classic 1944 haunted-house mystery film and a not-so-classic 2009 remake of the Korean thriller A Tale of Two Sisters.
    • Also, it's a 1998 hit for Alanis Morrisette.
  • Unknown somehow wound up being the title of two different psychological thrillers released just five years apart; the 2011 film is far better-known than the 2006 version, in part because it had Liam Neeson rather than Jim Caviezel as its lead.
  • Unreal the demo by Future Crew, and Unreal the First-Person Shooter series by Epic Games (whom some Future Crew members worked with).
  • Unreal Estate is either an online work of literature, an Australian lifestyle program, or a SpongeBob episode.
  • Up: a Right Said Fred album, a Peter Gabriel album or a Pixar movie?
    • Or, while we're at it, a Russ Meyer movie?
      • In fact, before the release of Pixar's movie, members of IMDB were confused as to why they would be remaking a sex comedy.
    • Not to mention an R.E.M. album.
    • And a Shania Twain album, although that was technically Up!.
      • Which, in turn, is not to be confused with the Volkswagen up! Not the Up!, the Up, or the up. The up!
    • "Up" is also the series title of a Granada TV documentary series covering the lives of a group of British children, one documentary every seven years. The first showed the children at age 7, and was thus called "7-Up" — which (probably not coincidentally) is also the name of a soft drink.

    V 

    W 

    X 

    Y 
  • Yesterday's Children is a Based on a True Story film about reincarnation, as well as the first novel in David Gerrold's Star Wolf series.
  • The Beatles have one album called Yellow Submarine and another called Yellow Submarine Songtrack, both of course based off the same film. Despite being very different albums (the Songtrack lacks the George Martin instrumentals, replacing them with various tracks from other albums, and "Only a Northern Song" is mono on the original but stereo on the Songtrack), Amazon conflates them; "CD Album" refers to the original and "Audio CD" to the Songtrack, and "MP3 Download" is also the original, so if you want the stereo mix of "Only a Northern Song", you have to buy the entire album (which is probably full of tracks you otherwise already have on other albums) just for that one track.

    Z 

http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/SimilarlyNamedWorks