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Similarly Named Works
On the left: 2001 thriller movie.
On the right: fifty feet of golden hair.

"There's this bald boy, who can control the wind... Oops! Wrong Avatar..."

This is when several works share a name. They could even be different media. And yet they're completely unrelated.

Essentially, Name's the Same when applied to works. When the names are slightly different, it might be a case of Translation Matchmaking. If the titles are identical to each other except for an added article in either ("a", "the", etc.), for instance Following and The Following, we'll count them too.

Compare Stock Episode Titles. See also Recycled Title, which is when a work set in the same fictional universe uses the same title as an earlier one.

This is so prevalent that The Other Wiki developed the Disambiguation system to address this and similar issues (like common surnames). So have we, actually—see the Ambiguity Index for a list.

For those unfamiliar with intellectual property laws, titles can't be copyrighted and it's totally legal to name a work with the same name as another one, however, if the title is trademarked, then you can't, trademark covers a series/franchise, not a single work.

Care must be taken to make sure this doesn't become a militant In Name Only. This is strictly when two works just happen to share the same name, not an adaptation/sequel/remake that bears no resemblance to the previous work.

Examples (alphabetical by title)

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  • "About A Girl" is a song by two separate bands, each having no similarity to the other, Nirvana (which was the one covered by Cibo Matto) and The Academy Is...
  • Jean Michel Jarre's track "Aero" from the eponymous 2002 concert in Denmark is mostly unrelated to his track "Aero" from the eponymous 2004 album. Neither track is about the bubbly chocolate bar or the Windows theme.
  • Alien for the Atari 2600 was indeed a Licensed Game based on the movie, unlike Alien for the VIC-20, which was Heiankyo Alien by another name.
  • All-American Alien Boy is the name of a song and a solo album by Ian Hunter of Mott the Hoople. It is also the name of a science fiction short-story and collection by Allen Steele.
  • "All Night Long" is both a mid-tempo dance number performed by Lionel Richie, and a heavy rock paean to the easy availability of groupies, sung by Rainbow.
  • All Over The House is the name of a gag-a-day webcomic, and a pornographic rap music video.
  • All Points Bulletin is the name of a 2010 Electronic Arts MMORPG, and a 1987 Atari Arcade Game. The confusion is only aggravated by both games using the Initialism Title A.P.B..
  • All Together Now is the closing song from the movie Yellow Submarine, and a documentary about the making of the Cirque do Soleil Beatles musical Love. These are related, but neither of them are related to the England soccer-squad anthem of the same name by The Farm.
  • The Angels were one of Australia's best bands around 1980. They had to change their name to Angel City for the U.S., because there was already a band called Angel. The Angels have broken up some time since, and there's now an electronica act called Angel City.
    • The Angels were a 60s Girl Group famous for their hit "My Boyfriend's Back".
  • Angel Heart: is an anime and manga series based on an alternate timeline of City Hunter, and a 1987 mystery/horror film about a detective in the 1950's who is caught up in a strange case involving a missing person.
  • There's a manga and anime series titled ARIA. There's also a live action anthology of 10 short films, most of them set to opera arias, also titled Aria, a 1994 Asis album called Aria and a Tabletop RPG named Aria (full title Aria: Canticle of the Monomyth).
  • Japanese video game developer Arc System Works (of Guilty Gear and BlazBlue fame) is unrelated to the American video game publisher Aksys Games, although the latter has localized many of the former's works in the United States, to the point that they're mistaken as an subsidiary. There's also Arsys Software, an obscure Japanese company of the 80s and 90s which developed Wibarm and the SNES version of Prince of Persia.
  • How about The Art of War? There is an "Art of War" by:
    • Sun Tzu, an ancient Chinese military thinker, and the one most people will be referring to.
    • Antoine-Henri Jomini, a 19th-century Swiss interpreter of Napoleon.
    • Niccolò Machiavelli, a Renaissance-era Italian strategist.
    • Mao Zedong, a 20th-century Chinese communist revolutionary and politician.
Though this may be a result of translation laziness. For example, Sun Tzu's one is actually "Sun Tzu's Methods of War" in Chinese and Mao's is On War (which is itself not to be confused with Clausewitz's "On War").

This extends even beyond literature, as there's also a completely unrelated (in that it has nothing to do with military theory unlike the others) Wesley Snipes action film called The Art of War, which was followed by two DTV sequels.

  • Bad Education is a British sitcom which started in 2012, while Bad Education is a 2004 Spanish film.
  • Bad Girls. One was a western about female gunslingers. The other was a prison drama. It's also the name of a Donna Summer song. Also one by M.I.A.
  • Badlands was the name of two arcade games from the 1980s: a laserdisc game by Konami, and a driving game by Atari.
    • And neither has anything to do with the Bruce Springsteen song, or the Terence Malick film.
  • Barbarian has been the title of three different video games: a platformer by Psygnosis, a Beat 'em Up by Palace Software (fully titled Barbarian: The Ultimate Warrior, also known as Death Sword), and an arena fighter by Titus Software.
  • "Be Prepared": One is Scar's Villain Song in The Lion King about his plan to overthrow Mufasa. The other, from Hoodwinked, is a country song performed by a Crazy-Prepared goat. There's also the Tom Lehrer song making fun of the Boy Scouts.
  • Being Human, a pretty much forgotten 1994 Robin Williams movie, and Being Human, a Supernatural Soap Opera on The BBC.
  • Best of Euro-Rap, a compilation by Soundsunited, and The Best of Euro-Rap, a compilation by Flashback. Unsurprisingly, there are also playlists titled Best of Eurorap.
  • "Big Gun" by AC/DC, which was the inspiration for "I Sawed The Demons" from Doom, and "Big Gun" by Sonic Mayhem, from Quake II.
  • Scott O'Dell's book The Black Pearl has nothing to do with Curse of the Black Pearl, the first Pirates of the Caribbean movie.
    • Or "Black Pearl" by Sonny Charles & the Checkmates Ltd., which was one of the last big hits produced by Phil Spector.
  • The Birds (1963): Horror thriller directed by Alfred Hitchcock. The Birds (414 BC): Ancient Greek comedy by Aristophanes.
  • Black Sheep. Would that be a comedy starring Chris Farley and David Spade, or a horror-comedy set in New Zealand about killer sheep?
    • Even my TV info is confused; the only way to tell them apart is that the horror one is shown late night on the action film-centric HBO channel.
    • Not to mention Baa Baa Black Sheep, the unlikely-titled TV series about a famous squadron of US Marine Corps aviators in WWII, led by Pappy Boyington.
    • Also, the 90s Hip Hop group (and Repurposed Pop Song victims.)
    • Black Sheep is also a Jan Hammer (acid jazz) album, and its title track.
  • When you hear Bleach, do you think of the Nirvana album? The Anime & Manga series written by Tite Kubo? Or product?
  • Blind Date: 1984 thriller with Joseph Bottoms and Kirstie Alley, or 1987 romantic comedy with Bruce Willis and Kim Basinger?
  • Blown Away, the 1992 film starring the two Coreys, the 1994 film about a mad bomber starring Jeff Bridges and Tommy Lee Jones, or the title song on a album by Carrie Underwood?
  • Bolo, Stuart Cheshire's Bolo, and the unrelated Apple ][ game Bolo.
  • Boneshaker by Cherie Priest is a Steam Punk Alternate History. The Boneshaker by Kate Milford is a young adult fantasy novel. They have nothing to do with each other.
  • Book of Love was a New Wave band that was active 1984 to 1993, also a 1990 High School Romantic Comedy movie set in the 1950s, a 2002 Romantic Comedy / Mockumentary about relationships, a 2004 Drama Comedy film starring Simon Baker and the subtitle of a 2009 film in the American Pie series.
    • "The Book Of Love" was a Doo Wop classic by The Monotones.
  • Skinny Puppy have produced several different short experimental tracks titled "Brap".
  • Blood Over Water: Are we talking here about the 2009 miniseries that was made for Ferris State's cable channel? Or are we talking about the novel by David and James Livingston? One involves a Corrupt Corporate Executive and a polluted pond, and lots of murder. The other? Two brothers in a canoeing contest.
  • Brat Pack is a brutal deconstruction of superhero tropes, especially related to sidekicks. That it happens to share a title with a straight superhero webcomic is ironic.
  • BreakThru is a ground-based Horizontal Scrolling Shooter by Data East. BreakThru! is a SameGame clone published by Spectrum Holobyte. Breakthrough is a Solomon's Key-like Puzzle Platformer for the BBC Micro. Breakthru is also the name of a song by Queen.
  • Brian's Song is a 1971 TV movie about an NFL player who died of cancer, and later a Family Guy episode subtitle. Byron's Song is a 2009 song by Rebekah Ann Curtis dedicated to a friend who also died of cancer.
  • Bringing Down the House is a novel based on the sort of true story of MIT card counters. It's also the name of a completely unrelated movie. The book was later adapted to film under the title 21.
  • Bullseye was the title of two unrelated Game Show formats in the early 1980s, one American and one British. The British one is actually based around darts.
  • There are two different films called The Bunker, curiously both about Germans hiding in a bunker during World War II. However, the 1981 film is a dramatization of Adolf Hitler's final days in his Führerbunker based on the history book of the same name, while the 2001 film is a horror story about a band of German soldiers being pursued by phantoms in a decrepit bunker on the Western front.
  • Bust-a-Move was the title of a 1980's hip-hop song, the US/European versions of Taito's Puzzle Bobble, and a Rhythm Game by Enix. The last one had to be retitled Bust-a-Groove in the US, which is also the title of a Paul Oakenfold album.

  • "California Girls" is a song by the Beach Boys, which was later covered by David Lee Roth. "California Gurls" (the typo is intentional) is by Katy Perry with Snoop Dogg. "California Girls" is also a song by Gretchen Wilson, although the first line of the refrain is "Ain't you glad we ain't all California girls?"
  • The Cape is the title of both a 1996-1997 TV series about astronauts at Cape Canaveral, and a 2010-2011 TV series about a cape-wearing superhero.
  • There are at least three different films called Cargo. The 2009 one is a Swiss sci-fi thriller/horror set on a cargo spaceship, the 2006 one is about a backpacker in Africa who stows away on a cargo ship heading for Europe, and the 2011 one is about a Russian woman smuggled to the US who forms a bond with her transporter.
  • "Cars" by Gary Numan, the band The Cars, or Cars the Pixar film?
  • Howl's Moving Castle is the title of both the novel by Diana Wynne Jones and the film adaptation by Hayao Miyazaki. That isn't the example. This is: Castle in the Air is the sequel to the novel. Castle in the Sky is an earlier, completely unrelated Miyazaki film. Confused yet?
    • "Castles in the Air" is also a Don McLean song, the B-side of "Vincent".
  • There's also a film called Castle, a crime show called Castle and The Castle by Franz Kafka.
  • Castle Quest is a BBC Micro game with no relation to Castlequest, a Market-Based Title for the NES game Castle Excellent. There's also Castle Quest, a strategy game by Hudson Soft.
  • The manga and anime Cats Eye is not to be confused with Cats Eye (an '80s film based on the stories of Stephen King) the '80s ITV detective drama C.A.T.S. Eyes or the '90s BBC edutainment programme Cats' Eyes.
  • Challenge of the Dragon by Sachen is a pirated engine hack of Double Dragon. Challenge of the Dragon by Color Dreams is a generic hack-n-slash.
  • DC's Chase was a series centering around Cameron Chase, a blonde DEO operative that hunted down rogue metahumans while NBC's Chase (NBC) was a series centering around Annie Frost, a blonde US Marshall that hunted down escaped fugitives. Both were cancelled. Neither should be confused with Cha$e, a short-lived reality game show on Syfy, or The Chase, a UK quiz show on ITV (when the NBC show was bought for British television it was officially retitled Jerry Bruckheimer's Chase). Then there's The Chase, a BBC TV drama, and a 1994 film also titled The Chase.
    • Or the other NBC show called Chase (from Jack Webb and Stephen J. Cannell), which was also short-lived.
    • Or, for that matter, the early 70's jazz-rock group led by trumpeter Bill Chase.
    • Oh, and there's financial institution JP Morgan Chase often just called Chase.
  • Chef! the 1990s British sitcom starring Lenny Henry is completely unrelated to the 2014 movie from and with Jon Favreau.
  • Before there was the more famous horror franchise, there were two unrelated films also called Child's Play: one a 1954 science fiction film, the other a 1972 mystery based on a stage play of the same title. By coincidence, the same film editor, Edward Warschilka, worked on the first two movies of the Child's Play franchise and the unrelated 1972 film.
    • Outside of film, Child's Play is, among other things, a charity founded by the authors of Penny Arcade, a crime thriller novel by Kia Abdullah, a science fiction short story by William Tenn, a Marvel Comics crossover, a game show, and the title of various television show episodes.
  • Children Of Eden is a musical based on the Book of Genesis. Child of Eden is a trippy cyberspace Rail Shooter video game that is also the Spiritual Successor to Rez.
  • The China Syndrome is a 1978 film about a nuclear meltdown. China Syndrome is an Atari 2600 game also involving stopping a meltdown.
  • Brazil already has a problem of Completely Different Title. Then when two films get the same title... Círculo de Fogo (Circle of Fire) was used for both Enemy at the Gates (2001) and Pacific Rim (2013), A Experiência (The Experiment) is the title for both Species (1995) and Das Experiment (2001). The Crow and The Raven are both "O Corvo" as both animals go by the same word in Portuguese. And then there's the ones that the difference is the article: In Dreams (1998) is "A Premonição" (The Premonition) while Final Destination (2000) is just "Premonição".
  • City Lights, the Charlie Chaplin film; City Lights, the 1973 Canadian documentary show; City Lights the 80s BBC Scotland sitcom; City Lights the 2008 ITV comedy-drama. It was also the name of America's very first paperback bookstore (opened in San Francisco, California, in 1956).
  • City of Angels, a musical about a Film Noir; City of Angels, a supernatural romance film that's an American remake of Wings of Desire; City of Angels, subtitle of the film The Crow: City of Angels; City Of Angels, the name of two completely different TV series (by Stephen J. Cannell in the 1970s and Steven Bochco in 2000); "City of Angel" from "Under The Bridge" by Red Hot Chili Peppers.
  • City of Glass is the third novel in Cassandra Clare's The Mortal Instruments series; the name of Paul Auster 's classicly surreal postmodern detective novel; and a multi-movement jazz composition by Stan Kenton.
  • Cloud Atlas was a 2004 novel by David Mitchell and The Cloud Atlas was a 2004 novel by Liam Callanan.
  • Cobra, the Sylvester Stallone action film, is unrelated to the manga Cobra. Each had a Licensed Game on the Amstrad CPC with the same title.
  • Cobra Mission is a PC H-Game. Mission Cobra is an NES Shoot 'em Up by unlicensed/pirate game mecca Sachen. There's also an NES knockoff of Lethal Enforcers titled Cobra Mission.
  • Coming of Age is the title of an American sitcom from the Eighties and a British sitcom from the Noughties.
  • Commando: 1985 action game by Capcom, a 1983 Sega game, or 1985 action movie starring Arnold Schwarzenegger?
  • Conspiracy is a 2001 drama film about the Wannsee Conference of 1942, in which a group of Nazi bureaucrats held a meeting to discuss the implementation of the Holocaust. Conspiracy is also a 2008 action/thriller film starring Val Kilmer.
  • "Control" is the name of at least three industrial/EBM songs, by Juno Reactor f/Traci Lords, VNV Nation, and
  • Cosmos Cop is an unlicensed Space Harrier clone on the NES multicart Caltron 6-in-1. Cosmic Cop is the American localization of Armed Police Unit Gallop, a spinoff of R-Type.
  • Crack Down is a 1989 arcade game by Sega which has nothing to do with Crackdown, the 2007 Third-Person Shooter for the Xbox 360, or The Crackdown, the 1983 album by Cabaret Voltaire.
  • Crash, the 1973 novel or 1996 David Cronenberg film about an underground society that stages car crashes as a weird sexual fetish, or Crash, the 2006 Best Picture winner and a feel good story about racial stereotypes. This is very confusing to those of us who had seen only the Cronenberg film during the 2006 Oscar season...
  • Do not confuse "Creature of the Night" (a number from The Rocky Horror Picture Show) with Creatures of the Night (a 1982 Kiss album). Or with the fans of TNA wrestler Jeff Hardy, who are called (you guessed it) "Creatures of the Night."
  • The Famicom game Crossfire is completely unrelated to the Sega Genesis game Crossfire, despite both being published by Kyugo (in different countries). Among other games, Crossfire is an MMORPG, and CrossFire is an online first-person shooter. In other media, Crossfire is a manga by the author of Hellsing, and Crossfire is a debate show on CNN.
  • The 1986 film Crossroads, about blues legend Robert Johnson, has nothing to do with the 2002 film starring Britney Spears.
    • And probably even less to do with a 1960s-80s British soap opera set in a Midlands motel (or indeed the 2001-03 revival), or the 1950s American religious anthology... or the 1992 Robert Urich series that didn't last as long as any of 'em.
    • And possibly has even less relation to the Bone Thugs n Harmony song.
  • The Cube, a 1969 American teleplay involving people inside a cube; and The Cube, a 2009 British game show involving people inside a cube. There's also Cube, a series of films involving people being trapped inside cubical mazes.
  • British Goth band The Cult are frequently confused with American rock-with-a-hint-of-Gothic-darkness band the Blue Öyster Cult. The two fandoms do not tend to overlap. Fans of BOC often abbreviate their band's name to "the Cult", which leads to confusion when, for instance, a web search leads them to pictures of a singer called Ian Astbury who is unknown to them as is the song "She Sells Sanctuary". Similarly those searching for Ian Astbury's Cult might wonder who the Hell Buck Dharma and Eric Bloom are.
  • Cyber Monster: Unlicensed NES light gun game, or freeware MMORPG?

  • Dam Busters: A 1955 war film, a 1980's arcade Shoot 'em Up similar to Scramble, and a game involving beavers on the infamous Action 52 cartridge.
  • Dark Angel: Vampire Apocalypse for the PS2, and the Dark Angel TV series, which also had a PS2 adaptation. Also a Space Marine chapter in Warhammer 40,000.
  • Dark Blue refers to two different works both about LAPD cops. One is a 2002 film starring Kurt Russell, the other a 2009 TV series.
    • And a trance song by Cabala (Nick Muir).
  • Dead@17 is a comic about teenage girls fighting the living dead. Dead at 17 is a TV movie about the mother of a dead teenage boy.
  • Dead or Alive: Various films with nothing to do with each other, a video game series (one of which inspired a movie), an '80s New Wave band, a Tom Clancy book, and a Bon Jovi song all share this title.
  • Dead Ringers is a 1988 movie about two twin brothers by David Cronenberg, and a 2002 British television comedy centering around impersonations.
  • Dear John was an 80s British sitcom about singles (with an American remake starring Judd Hirsch) but also a 2010 Amanda Seyfried weepie based on Nicholas Sparks's novel, and the name of several songs by acts from Styx to British radical-feminist new wavers The Au Pairs (oh, and Taylor Swift).
  • Deep Blue Sea is a horror film about killer sharks. The Deep Blue Sea is a 2011 romantic drama film starring Tom Hiddleston and Rachel Weisz.
  • The Defenders is another Marvel team book with no relation to another 60s TV show, this time an American court room drama which you might remember being referenced in a episode of Mad Men.
    • And another show called The Defenders debuted on CBS in September 2010.
  • Déjà Vu, the 2006 time-travel action thriller, is unrelated to the 1985 film Déjà Vu, a drama about reincarnation, which is in turn unrelated to the old adventure game Déjà Vu. It's that strange feeling you sometimes get that you've seen that title somewhere before.
  • Dennis the Menace is a British comic about a mischievous child who bothers his neighbors. It's not to be confused with Dennis the Menace, which is an American comic about a mischievous child who bothers his neighbors. Both debuted in March of 1951, neither author knowing about the other one's existence. The animated adaption of the British one, however, is called Dennis And Gnasher.
  • Devil World, the 1984 Famicom game by Nintendo, is unrelated to the arcade game of the same name that was released three years. The latter is actually a modified version of the Konami arcade game Dark Adventure that was released in territories outside North America .
  • Diablo is not to be confused with an old Puzzle Game of the same name by Manuel Constantinidis, involving connecting pipes.
  • Die Motherfucker Die: One such song is by Dope, another by Suicide Commando.
  • Diner, the film by Barry Levinson, and Diner, the pinball table by Mark Ritchie, have no relation to either other... although they're both pretty funny.
  • A short film called Dodgeball came out in 2001, a few years before Dodgeball: A True Underdog Story. If you got your info off the internet and are wondering which character Senta Moses played in the big movie, the answer is: She didn't.
  • Dodger, the 2012 novel by Terry Pratchett about a character who inspires Charles Dickens to create the Artful Dodger, and Dodger, the 2013 novel by James Benmore which continues the story of the Dickens character.
  • The Dolphin emulator is an open source GameCube and Wii emulator. The Dolphin Emulator is a GameCube emulator made by Nintendo for development purposes. Dolphin is a web browser for mobile phones. And Dolphin is an open source file manager.
  • There are two completely unrelated pinball machines named El Dorado: a real one made by Gottlieb in 1975 and a digital one made by Zen Studios in 2008. Further adding to the confusion is that Gottlieb's El Dorado has been digitally remade for The Pinball Arcade. Not to mention El Dorado, the western film.
  • Downfall is a German film about the last days of World War II in Europe inside Adolf Hitler's bunker in Berlin, known as Der Untergang in its native language. It is also a game show hosted by Chris Jericho.
  • The song "Dr. No" by Systems in Blue has nothing to do with the James Bond story and film, although someone made a Fan Vid for the song using clips from the film.
  • Dramatica is a website on narratology. Encyclopaedia Dramatica is a wiki for cataloging internet memes and troll lore. It's so controversial, it's part of the Permanent Red Link Club on this site.
  • Aerosmith's first big hit, "Dream On", and Nazareth's "Dream On" are two different songs, even though they do sound a bit similar. Neither should be confused with the HBO comedy series of the same name.
  • Drive is a film by Nicolas Winding Refn starring Ryan Gosling. There's also a Tim Minear TV show starring Nathan Fillion, and a film starring Mark Dacascos carrying the same name.
  • The Driver video game series is unrelated to the 1978 crime film The Driver.
  • Duck Soup is a comedy classic, but do you mean the 1927 Laurel and Hardy film or the 1933 Marx Brothers film?
  • Duel was a short story by Richard Matheson that became a 1971 film directed by Steven Spielberg, while Duel is a multinational Game Show format.
  • Around the time of Duke Nukem Forever's release, Duke University tweeted to clarify that people using the hashtag "#alwaysbetonduke" were not referring to them.
  • Dungeon Magic: Sword of the Elements (aka Dungeon & Magic), a first-person dungeon crawler released in 1989 for the NES, has nothing to do with the 1993 arcade game Dungeon Magic (aka Lightbringer), despite the fact that both were published by Taito.
  • Capcom's 1989 Arcade Game Dynasty Wars has nothing to do with Koei's later Dynasty Warriors series, although they're both based on Romance of the Three Kingdoms (though the former game is technically based on a manga adaptation of it).



  • The classic 70's anime Gatchaman was given an english dub in 1986 under the title "G-Force: Guardians of Space", though it's usually referred to as just "G-Force" without the subtitle. In 2009, Disney produced G-Force. The former is a japanese cartoon about a team of bird-themed superheroes, while the latter is a movie about talking spy-hamsters.
  • There are two oddly similar yet also wildly different manga called Gakuen Heaven. One is an adaptation of a Yaoi dating sim series set in an all-boys school, the other is an ecchi series about a ronin teacher at an all-girls school.
  • The Game of the Gods and The Games of the Gods are two different stories, though they are both fan fiction of The Lord of the Rings involving Mary Sue characters. The Game (singular) of the Gods involves a Cosmic Chess Game between two gods: Morgoth creates evil Mary Sues, and Varda slays them. The Games (plural) of the Gods is a Nonindicative Name and features Rachel, who hates being a Mary Sue.
  • Gasoline Alley is a long-running newspaper comic strip, and a 1970 album (and song) by Rod Stewart. And an antique toy shop in Seattle.
  • Gauntlet was the title of a Defender clone, released by Micro Power for the BBC Micro and Amstrad CPC, which predated the Arcade Game Gauntlet.
  • Genesis: there have been lot of things have been titled after the Book of Genesis (the first book of The Bible), including the band Genesis. It was also used in some regions as the name of the Mega Drive game console, but there's also the Flash game Ge Ne Sis and Genesis: Beyond the Revelation, one of Square's earliest games.
  • There was a short-lived live action series from the 1970s called The Ghost Busters. There's a blockbuster movie from the 1980s called Ghostbusters which inspired a song by Ray Parker, Jr. There's a syndicated cartoon called Ghostbusters and there's a Saturday morning (and later syndicated) cartoon called The Real Ghostbusters. Two of the above had two guys and a gorilla, and two of the above had four guys and a green blob named Slimer. Have a guess which one's which!
  • Ghost Stories is the name of a children's anime with a well-known Gag Dub, a Danny Phantom and The Avengers crossover fanfic, a Seanan McGuire short story series, and the sixth Coldplay album.
  • The 1985 arcade billiards game "Gimme a Break!" has nothing to do with the sitcom.
  • The Glass House is both a horror film starring Leelee Sobieski and an unrelated Austrialian talk show.
  • The Great Train Robbery was a 1903 film which was one of the first Western movies and also one of the first motion pictures to tell a story. It was also a 1979 heist film with Donald Sutherland, Sean Connery, and Lesley-Anne Down, directed by Michael Crichton and based on his own novel. Both were Very Loosely Based on a True Story in which some guys try to rob a train- except one involves some villanous bandits breaking into a train and stealing things from the passengers in the middle of the Old West, while the other sees three loveable rogues scheming to steal a shipment of gold from a moving train in Victorian England.
    • The 1979 film is known in places (in the UK for example) as The First Great Train Robbery; the aversion is less related to the 1903 film's title and more to avoid confusion/misled patrons after the more recent real life Great Train Robbery of 1963 in Buckinghamshire, England, since the movie and book are based on the 1855 event.
  • Green is a 1988 album by REM, and R.E.M. is a 1990 EP by Green. The band Green, who had existed nearly as long as R.E.M. had, deliberately named the single that way in response to the R.E.M. album title.
  • "God is a DJ": either a Faithless song, or a song by P!nk.
  • The Good Life was a short-lived American sitcom from the early '70s about a middle-class couple who quit the rat race and become live-in servants to a wealthy couple - and also a British sitcom from the mid-'70s about a middle-class couple who quit the rat race and start a self-sufficient agrarian life in their suburban home. When the latter was shown in the US, it was retitled The Good Neighbors.
    • Also, "The Good Life" was a 2010 rock hit for Three Days Grace and "Good Life" was a 2011 pop hit for One Republic.
  • There's Grand Theft Auto, the popular video game series, and the 1977 film Grand Theft Auto, which was Ron Howard's directorial debut.
  • There's Grown Ups, a British sitcom from the '90s; Grown Ups, an American sitcom from the '90s; and Grown Ups, a 2010 American film with Adam Sandler. There's also another British sitcom named Grownups.
  • Gray's Anatomy is a well-known textbook; Grey's Anatomy is a TV medical drama. In the Not Always Right story "Anatomy of an Idiot", a customer returns a copy to a bookstore. "It was terrible; it’s not at all like the television show. ... I don’t know what they were thinking with this book."
  • The Capcom game Gun.Smoke is unrelated to Gunsmoke, the TV series, or the BBC Micro game of the same name.

  • The Lady Gaga song "Hair" is in no way related to the musical.
  • Halo is the name of a popular First-Person Shooter series, a Music/Beyonce song, and a Nine Inch Nails album.
  • The Happening: A 2008 apocalyptic horror film by M. Night Shyamalan about an outbreak of mass suicide, and a 1967 comedy film about a group of hippies kidnapping a retired Mafia boss. Also, a song by The Supremes based on the latter movie.
  • If you're going to go see Samuel Beckett's play Happy Days, keep in mind that you will most definitely not see The Fonz (or hear a certain Pratt and McClain song). You can see the Fonz in the musical adaptation of the TV series, however.
  • Hardly Working is the name of both a 1980 film directed by and starring Jerry Lewis, and a web series produced by College Humor.
  • In 1965 two biographical films about Jean Harlow, both simply titled Harlow, were released within weeks of one another.
  • "Haunted" by Type O Negative, "Haunted" by Gary Numan, "Haunted" by Taylor Swift, "Haunted" by Disturbed, "Haunted 2005" by Chuck Palahniuk, "Haunted 1988" by James Herbert, three "Haunted" television shows (1960s, 2002 and 2009), six albums titled "Haunted", "The Haunted" (two bands), and that's not all of them.
  • As far as The Haunting goes, you'd already expect there to be two to watch out for, namely the original 1963 film and its 1999 remake. If you live outside North America, however, then you have three to deal with — The Haunting '63, The Haunting '99, and another film called "The Haunting", which in actual fact is a retitled version of the Roger Corman film The Terror. Corman's film was released in the same year as the first Haunting film, and so he took advantage of the fact that studios could be incredibly lax about releasing their films outside of North America (assuming they even bothered at all) to pass his own film off as The Haunting.
  • Heaven and Hell is a much-loved album — but is it by Black Sabbath or by Vangelis?
  • Heaven Can Wait (1978) is unrelated to Heaven Can Wait 1943 except for the title. Or the We The Kings song.
    • Or, indeed, the Jim Steinman/Meat Loaf song or the Lemmings level.
  • In 1957, it was announced that writers Elwood Ullman and Edward Bernds were nominated for Best Screenplay Oscar for their script to the movie High Society. Ullman and Bernds were surprised, since their movie was a lowbrow Bowery Boys farce. As it turned out, the actual nominee was John Patrick, who wrote the screenplay for the High Society movie that starred Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, and Frank Sinatra.
  • The High Cost of Living (2010) and Death: The High Cost of Living (Development Hell) are about women dealing with death, but only one has Death herself.
  • Hitman is a popular series of video games about the assassin Agent 47. Hitman was a popular comic book about the assassin Tommy Monaghan. Hit Man was Peter Tomarken's first game show. It's a fairly generic title, to be fair.
    • "The Hitman" is also the nickname of wrestler Bret Hart.
  • Homefront is a video game featuring a North Korean invasion of a small American town. The 90s television series Homefront was a drama featuring life in a small American town after World War II ended. And Homefront is a Jason Statham action flick.
  • The Hollow Men is a poem by T.S. Elliot. The Hollowmen is an Australian TV series.
  • Home is a trance song by Chakra remixed by Above & Beyond, and a later song by Above & Beyond themselves.
    • There are many other songs called Home, such as Three Days Grace's third hit, Daughtry's second hit, and Phillip Phillips' first hit.
  • The Host: English title of a Korean monster movie or Stephenie Meyer sci-fi romance novel.
  • House is a TV series about a doctor played by Hugh Laurie, a Japanese Horror/Comedy film from 1977 (the Japanese title being Hausu), an unrelated American Horror/Comedy from 1986 (featuring William Katt and George Wendt), and a straight Horror film from 2008. Also, it's a dance music genre.
    • Meanwhile House! (note the excited movie title) is a 2000 comedy about a bingo hall in Wales.
  • There's Ciem: The Human Centipede from Dozerfleet Comics. Then, there's Tom Six's The Human Centipede. One's a Sims machinomic about a superheroine who is pretty much an Alternate Company Equivalent of Marvel's Spider-Girl, just with different animal-themed powers. The other is a gross-out D-grade horror film.
  • Hunger is a 2008 film about Irish prisoners. Hunger is also the title of a Prototype fanfic. The fanfic's author was completely unaware of the film.
  • Hunter was the name of two Australian TV series; one was a spy drama from The Sixties, the other a children's educational program from the late eighties and early nineties. And of course, there's the U.S. action series from The Eighties starring former NFL star Fred Dryer.


  • One of the most notorious film examples is two 1990s movies called Jack Frost. Both are about men who die and come back as snowmen, but the only difference is that one is a gory slasher film and the other is a lighthearted family movie. And of course, there's a third film titled Jack Frost, this one a 1960s Russian production (also known as Morozko) which was mocked by the MST3K guys.
  • Jeopardy! is a long-running American quiz show. Jeopardy is a three-year UK science fiction show. This is an example of double jeopardy.
  • The manga Jesus has nothing to do with the old Enix game JESUS, and neither have to do with Jesus Christ.
  • Jetpac should not be confused with Jetpack. They have little in common except a player character with a Jet Pack.
  • Jumper: A sci-fi story by Steven Gould or masochistic platformer by Matt Thorson? Ironically, the former also had a Licensed Game.
    • Or, it could be a Third Eye Blind hit from 1998.
  • "Just Another Day" is the title of three separate songs by 1) Jon Secada (the most famous one), 2) Oingo Boingo and 3) John Cena and Tha Trademarc. They are all relatively low-key numbers and generally pessimistic in tone, but those are the only two things they all have in common. The first one is a Silly Love Song, the second is about The End of the World as We Know It, and the third is simply about how the protagonist's life sucks.

  • Kamichama Karin, a manga about a girl who can transform into a goddess, and Karin, a manga about a vampire girl. This is apparently why Tokyo Pop changed the title of the latter.
    • Kamichama Karin Chu, a sequel to a manga about a girl who can transform into a goddess, and Kamichu!, a manga about a girl who, uh, becomes a goddess.
  • Kanon, the Visual Novel by Key/Visual Arts and Kanon by Chiho Saito.
  • The number of movies named The Kid is insane. As a sampling, there's Charlie Chaplin's 1921 entry about his Little Tramp character taking care of an orphan (who happens to be none other than Uncle Fester!); a 1997 Canadian movie about a boxer; a 2000 feature (titled Disney's The Kid) starring Bruce Willis, turned into a kid, and a vulgar 2001 animated film. Then there are the dozen or so others.
  • The Kids Are All Right was a documentary on a former Muscular Dystrophy Association poster child who protested the organization after being abandoned by them. It's not to be confused with the more recent comedy-drama The Kids Are All Right about the children of a lesbian couple. Or the 2008 game show The Kids Are All Right hosted by John Barrowman. Or with The Kids Are Alright, a concert documentary of The Who, or their song of the same name. Or The Kids Aren't Alright by the Offspring. Confused yet?
  • The 1936 UK movie King of Hearts is unrelated to the 1966 French movie King of Hearts which is unrelated to the 1996 US movie King of Hearts.
  • Kiss is the title of a 2007 YA novel by Jacqueline Wilson. Kiss is also the title of a 2009 suspense novel by Ted Dekker & Erin Healy.
    • And of course, There's KISS the band.
    • Let's not also forget the song by Prince!
  • Knightmare is the name of both a British children's Game Show and a Shoot 'em Up for the MSX. The former also had a video game adaptation to make it more confusing.
  • Kurogane a action manga set in the Edo Period that ran from 1996 to 1997 and Kurogane, a present day Kendo sports manga released in 2011 and currently ongoing.

  • Lab Rats is either a short lived British sitcom about a research lab, or a much longer-lasting Disney superhero sitcom.
  • "Lady Double Dealer" is the name of a song by Krokus. There's no way it could have escaped their attention that Deep Purple had done a song of the same title a few years earlier, but Krokus were a bunch of lovable street urchin thieves when it came to songwriting ideas.
    • Krokus also has two completely different songs titled "No Way", the first one from their first (self-titled) album (1976), the second one from the same album as the aforementioned "Lady Double Dealer" (Metal Rendez-vous, 1980). (The first one of these is easy to ignore, because the album it's from had very few copies printed and is therefore almost impossible to find.)
  • Land of the Lost wasn't always a Sid and Marty Krofft series (and a later remake and a film remake with Will Ferrell) about a family who gets stranded in another world with dinosaurs and various weird creatures. It was previously a radio series about a boy and girl who regularly went on trips to an underwater "land" where things that get "lost" eventually turn up. The latter was even adapted into an animated short by Famous Studios.
  • The Indian movie Lagaan and the anime series Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann.
  • The Last Command can be either a 1928 silent film directed by Josef von Sternberg or a 1993 Star Wars novel written by Timothy Zahn.
  • Last Mission, an omnidirectional arcade Shoot 'em Up by Data East, is not to be confused with The Last Mission, a Flip Screen Action Game by Opera Soft. There is also La dernière mission, a French graphic adventure for the Amstrad CPC whose title translates to the same thing.
  • remixed the theme from The Last Ninja 3, but also produced an original chiptune titled "The Last Ninja". The Last Ninja is also the title of a TV movie starring Mako and Michael Beck, unrelated to the games.
  • "Laura," a country song sung by Tom Jones, is completely unrelated to the 40s ballad "Laura" and the same-name movie the latter appeared in.
  • Nada Surf put out an album called Let Go the same year Avril Lavigne called her debut the same thing. Reportedly, Nada Surf had that title in mind for a while, found out there was a major hit release with the same title, and decided to stick with it anyway.
  • Let It Go is either referring to Yuna Ito's song or the more well-know piece in Frozen.
  • Life, the Live-Action Television drama. Life, a BBC documentary. Life, a manga series. Life, a movie starring Eddie Murphy and Martin Lawrence. The Game of Life (the Milton-Bradley board game). Conway's Game of Life. Life, the breakfast cereal. And most, if not all of these, are named after Real Life.
    • And Life Magazine, which bought its title from a defunct unrelated humor magazine.
  • Life on Mars is a song by David Bowie. It's also the title of a television programme named after it, and the title of another television programme named after both the above. It's also the title of a book by the Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli, and also a group of Lego models.
  • Living in Oblivion is an indie film about indie filmmaking, and a blog where Chris Livingston attempts to play The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion as a Non-Player Character.
  • Lone Wolf, a well-known 1980s Heroic Fantasy Gamebook series with a vaguely pseudo-Asian setting, and the equally well-known samurai manga series Lone Wolf and Cub are sometimes confused or mistakenly believed to have some connection.
  • "The Look of Love": A 60's blues song by Dusty Springfield, or an 80's post-disco electro song by ABC?
  • LOST is a 2004 mind screwy television program created by J. J. Abrams. But there was also a short-lived reality-TV show by that same name in 2001, as well as a pair of movies, three books, four albums, and a partridge in a pear tree.
  • The Lost Boys is a Joel Schumacher film about homoerotic vampires. It should definitely not be confused with Lost Boys, which is an Orson Scott Card novel about murdered children.
  • Lost Girl is a television series about supernatural creatures called Fae. Lost Girls is an adult comic book by Alan Moore featuring Alice, Dorothy, and Wendy.
  • Lost Highway is a rock and roll song by Bon Jovi, a country song by Leon Payne, and a surrealist film by David Lynch.
  • There's Lost Continent (a sci-fi movie from Robert L. Lippert), The Lost Continent (a fantasy/adventure movie from Hammer Films) and Atlantis: The Lost Continent (a fantasy movie from George Pal). And those are just the movies.
  • Little Boots and Robyn have both recorded synthpop songs titled "Love Kills".
  • Lucky Star is a comedy manga and anime, while Lucky Starr is a series of science-fiction novels. "Lucky Star" is also a 1929 romantic drama film, a Madonna song, and many other things...

  • Madhouse is a 1990 comedy film starring Kirstie Alley and John Laroquette, a 1974 horror film starring Vincent Price and Peter Cushing, and a 2004 horror film starring Joshua Leonard. All three are completely unrelated and only the 2004 film has anything to do with a literal madhouse. Or the pop band who covered Madonna songs, or the song by Anthrax, or the renowned anime studio.
  • Mad Money is a 2008 movie with Diane Keaton, Queen Latifah, and Katie Holmes. It is also a CNBC investment show hosted by Jim Cramer.
  • The soundtrack to Wizards of Waverly Place has THREE songs entitled "Magic" on it, each of which were marked by one or more asterisks matched to the artists who originally performed them. (The songs were originally performed by The Cars, Pilot, and Olivia Newton-John)
  • Mammoth is a 2009 drama about a man's relationship with an Asian sex worker. Mammoth is also a 2006 Syfy Channel Original Movie starring Summer Glau.
  • Man Of The House is a 1995 family comedy in which Jonathan Taylor Thomas doesn't like the idea of his mother Farrah Fawcett marrying Chevy Chase, and a 2005 comedy drama in which Tommy Lee Jones is in charge of a cheerleading squad who've witnessed a murder.
  • Mega Force was a 1982 motorcycle action film that had an Atari 2600 Licensed Game, and also the international Market-Based Title of the arcade version of Star Force. Also, Mega Man Star Force and Power Rangers Megaforce.
  • Men In Black is the title of a comic book series and derivative science fiction movie with Tommy Lee Jones and Will Smith. Men In Black is also the name of a 1935 The Three Stooges short.
  • Merlin, a 2008 miniseries based on Arthurian Legend, and Merlin, a 1998 miniseries based on Arthurian Legend. There's also the opera by Isaac Albéniz based on... you guessed it.
  • The Messenger is a 2009 drama. The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc is a 1999 film starring Milla Jovovich as Joan of Arc. There are various other films titled The Messenger or The Messengers.
  • "Metal Gear" was the name of a short-lived Japanese heavy metal magazine published during the late 1980's. It had nothing to do with Konami's stealth action game series.
  • Metamorphoses (Ovid) or Metamorphosis (Kafka)? Indeed, there are many more examples Older Than Steam, radio or television... To mark the difference one would have to check the author.
  • Millennium can refer to Millennium, a crime/mystery show written by Chris Carter of the The X-Files and starring Lance Henriksen; The Millennium Trilogy, a series of crime novels and films of Swedish origin; a 1988 DC crossover comic; and a 1983 novel written by John Varley and the 1989 film based on it, which deals with an airplane crash caused by Time Travel.
  • We're the Millers is a film about a Ragtag Bunch of Misfits pretending to be a family and slowly become one for real; The Millers is a sitcom about a family that's falling apart (parents are separated) but still live together.
  • Mirror, Mirror is the 2012 adaptation of Snow White. There is also Mirror, Mirror, an Australian/New Zealand series, Mirror, Mirror, a retelling of Snow White by Gregory Maguire, and Mirror, Mirror, the 90s horror film, along with its sequels. Seeing how well-known the original phrase is, there's bound to be more...
    • There is; a song about a girl that's the loneliest of all by Jeff Williams.
      • Don't forget about a song by Blind Guardian bearing no relation to "Snow White" (in fact its about history o Tolkien's Middle-Earth).
  • MOD artist Mysterium produced a remake of Dr. Awesome(Bjorn Lynne)'s "Bridge to the Universe Part 2" titled "Into The Void". Later, Bjorn Lynne made an original song with the same name. Also, not to be confused with the Nine Inch Nails song.
  • Monkey Business is the title of two different classic comedy films: one stars the Marx Brothers, and the other had Cary Grant and Ginger Rogers. It's also the title of an album by The Black Eyed Peas.
  • Monolith Soft, the Japanese developer of Xenosaga, is not to be confused with Monolith Productions, the American developer of No One Lives Forever and F.E.A.R., nor with Monolith Corp., the company that developed the Super NES ports of Fatal Fury Special, Art of Fighting and Samurai Shodown.
  • Princess Mononoke: Comparatively dark Miyazaki anime film with (shock) an environmental theme. Mononoke: supernatural horror Mind Screw anime series.
  • Monster is a manga/anime about a doctor who saves the life of the wrong person. Monster is a biopic known for Charlize Theron's weight gain. The Lady Gaga song is unrelated to either.
  • The coin-op Monster Bash is not to be confused with the PC platform game Monster Bash. Neither of them are to be confused with the pinball machine.
  • M.A.S.H. is a popular game in which someone creates a hilariously outrageous fantasy life for another player, and then there's Mash, a 1970's comedy/drama in film, book and television incarnations about a group of doctors in a mobile hospital during the Korean War. Averted way back in 1953 with the Humphrey Bogart/June Allyson film Battle Circus, which was originally supposed to be named M*A*S*H 66, after the unit the movie was set in, the 8666th Mobile Army Surgical Hospital. MGM's executives demanded a change in the title, fearing that the audience would stay away thinking that the film was about potatoes.
  • Monster Farm: cartoon about a young man who inherits from his great uncle, or an anime adventure.
  • Monster House: A Discovery Channel series about thematically remodelling houses, or a 2006 CGI horror film produced by Robert Zemeckis and Steven Spielberg.
  • Moon Crystal, a somewhat obscure 1992 Famicom game, shares its title with an even more obscure Japanese PC game of the same year.
  • Mother Night, the 1961 novel by Kurt Vonnegut, should not be confused with 'night, Mother, the 1981 play by Marsha Norman.
  • Moulin Rouge (1952) and Moulin Rouge! (2001) are both about Toulouse-Lautrec and involve the titular nightclub, but otherwise have nothing in common. Several unrelated movies share the title.
  • Mr. and Mrs. Smith is the title of a 1941 Screwball Comedy by Alfred Hitchcock, as well as a 2005 action comedy starring Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie.
  • There is more than one fanfic called My Immortal. The wiki page leads to a Harry Potter fanfic. This one is a Buffy the Vampire Slayer/Torchwood crossover, in which The Immortal (from the Angel episode "The Girl In Question") turns out to be ... Captain Jack Harkness.
    • Outside of Fan Fiction, it's the name of an Evanescence song, and was the inspiration for the Harry Potter fanfic's title, and probably the others as well.
  • "Murder By Proxy" is the title of an episode from at least three different Quinn Martin shows - The Streets of San Francisco, Dan August and Cannon (the latter two also share a guest star in Anne Francis).
  • The Commodore 64 game Myth: History in the Making has no relation to Bungie's Myth RTS games.


  • O, a Setting Update of Othello, "O", a Cirque du Soleil show in Vegas, O: The Oprah Magazine, and O, a satyrical book about Barack Obama. The Tale of O is something else all together.
    • Also, it's Omarion's first hit and its parent album.
  • O.C.: The Fox drama or the rapper from Diggin' in tha Crates?
  • The Odyssey is either an ancient Greek epic poem or a 1990s Canadian TV show, or even a 1972 games console.
  • "Once Upon A Dream" is the name of a song in Disney's Sleeping Beauty, a song by Billy Fury, and a song in the Frank Wildhorn musical Jekyll & Hyde.
  • There are at least eight movies called The Other Woman, featuring ladies as diverse as Cleo Moore (1954), Jill Eikenberry (1995, Made-for-TV Movie), Natalie Portman (2009) and Kate Upton (2014).
  • "Out of Scale" may refer to both a Chip 'n Dale cartoon and a Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers episode. They barely even have two protagonists in common.
  • Systems in Blue's Out of the Blue is not to be confused with the System F (Ferry Corsten) song and album of the same name. Who in turn, should not be confused with System SF, an alias of Konami musician Sota Fujimori. Neither of the first two should be confused with the album Out of the Blue by the Electric Light Orchestra. And none of them should be confused with the song and album of the same name from Debbie Gibson, or the five TV series (two American, two British and one Australian) of that title.
  • To avoid confusion with the Soap Opera Another World, the Cinematic Platformer Another World was retitled Out of This World in America, which caused confusion with a short-lived sitcom from the same period also titled Out of This World. From a much earlier period, Out of This World was a Cole Porter musical farce flavored by Greek mythology, and earlier still a movie musical where Eddie Bracken becomes a popular crooner because he literally has Bing Crosby's singing voice. There was also a game for the Magnavox Odyssey² titled Out of This World!, from 1979. (Wikipedia lists several other things also titled "Out of this World").
  • One Piece Mansion, a little-known Capcom game for the PS1, has nothing to do with the popular manga and anime One Piece. The title nonetheless misleads quite a few fans of the manga to this day, until they realize the similar names are a coincidence.

  • There are two old movies titled The Paleface: a 1922 silent starring Buster Keaton, and a 1948 Western spoof starring Bob Hope and Jane Russell.
  • The list of 2010 Hugo Award nominees includes both Palimpsest, a fantasy novel by Catherynne M. Valente, and "Palimpsest", a science fiction novella by Charles Stross.
  • The D&D re-work Pathfinder is somewhat controversial, but to confuse it with the movie by the same name is probably going too far.
  • Ghostland Observatory's song "Piano Man" is totally unrelated to Billy Joel's song.
  • Also including Similarly Named Bands; "Piece of Heaven" by A7 and "Little Piece of Heaven" by Avenged Sevenfold (sometimes abbreviated A7X).
  • "Please Don't Go" by KC & The Sunshine Band, later covered by KWS, and "Please Don't Go" by No Mercy, whose chorus sounds similar. Also "Please Don't Go" by Donald Peers. Then, there's a Mike Posner song called Please Don't Go.
  • Point Blank would be a name of a 1967 film, a name of Namco's Lighter and Softer shooting gallery light-gun game Point Blank, or Point Blank, a Korean MMOFPS (which is very popular in Indonesia) also known as Project Blackout in North America. Or the second book in a series about a teenage spy. Also a Bruce Springsteen song, and a Southern Rock band.
  • Portal is a name of a 1980's interactive novel game and somewhat better known completely unrelated 2007 video game.
  • Frankie Goes To Hollywood, Jennifer Rush, and Huey Lewis and the News, released three totally different songs named "The Power of Love" onto the same markets within a few months. All three became big hits (the most famous, of course, is the Huey Lewis song). There was also a later early 90s song by Céline Dion (which was a cover of the Jennifer Rush song).
    • Arguably, the Huey Lewis version isn't the most successful one- in the UK the Frankie & Jennifer Rush ones were much more successful, both hitting Number 1 on the charts (Huey Lewis only reaching number 9), and Jennifer Rush's was the biggest selling single of 1985.
  • Primeval the British TV series about time anomalies and prehistoric beasties, and Primeval the horror/thriller film about political unrest in Africa.
  • To avoid confusion with the British series The Prisoner, the Australian series Prisoner was renamed Prisoner: Cell Block H when it aired in the UK.
  • Does The Producers sound like A Good Name for a Rock Band? Well, it was, and had nothing to do with Mel Brooks.
  • The Protector could refer to a 1979 novel by Malcolm Braly, a 2003 novel by David Morrell, a 1985 action film starring Jackie Chan, a 2005 Thai martial arts film, and a 2011 Lifetime TV series starring Ally Walker
  • The Purge (2013) is a US sci-fi thriller about home invasion. Puhdistus (2012) is a Finnish drama about life in Soviet Estonia, released as The Purge in the UK and as Purge in the USA.
  • Proteus is a 1995 horror film about a shapeshifting monster on an oil rig, Proteus is an indie game where players explore a peaceful island at their leisure.
  • Push is a novel about an abused black woman, a film about drugs, and another film about societal outcasts with superpowers living in Hong Kong. The Film of the Book was called Precious to avoid further confusion.


  • The old Roguelike game Ragnarok has no relation to Ragnarok Online.
  • The Raiden Project was a PS1 compilation port of Raiden and Raiden II. The Raven Project was an FMV Rail Shooter similar to Star Wars: Rebel Assault.
  • Two movies have been titled The Rainmaker. The 1956 one was adapted from a play by N. Richard Nash (which was later musicalized as 110 in the Shade). The 1997 one was originally a novel by John Grisham.
  • "Rapid Fire" is a 1980 metal song by Judas Priest. Rapid Fire is a 1993 martial-arts film starring Brandon Lee.
  • Rec is a cutesy slice-of-life anime about a voice actress. [REC] is a Spanish horror film.
  • Red Baron is the title of an old Vector Game by Atari, predating by a decade the Red Baron series of flight simulators by Dynamix, which predated Red Baron: Ace of the Sky, which was licensed by the pizza brand and was made available by clipping pizza box coupons.
  • Renegade - a 1986 side-scrolling beat-'em-up by Technos Japan Corp (a localization of the Japanese game Nekketsu Kōha Kunio-kun)? Or a 1992 TV series starring Lorenzo Lamas?
    • Or the Italian original title of a 1987 movie starring Terence Hill and his son Ross?
  • The Replacements, a 2000s cartoon about replacement parents? The Replacements, a film about American Football? Or The Replacements, an 80s power pop band?
  • "Rent" the Pet Shop Boys song, and Rent the Rock Opera musical.
  • Revelation and Revelations are common titles for fan fiction. Revelations by Aralinn, a fan sequel to The Lord of the Rings about vampires, is just one of more than 50 stories at with that exact title Revelations plural, not counting Revelation singular.
  • Revenge the 2010s TV show is unrelated to Revenge the 1990 movie, although they both feature Madeleine Stowe in a main role. Her character is seemingly killed in the former, and definitely killed in the latter.
  • This trope affected late-60's one-hit wonders Thunderclap Newman. The song that would end up being their only hit was about to be released under the name Revolution, but when The Beatles released their single of that name, the Thunderclap Newman single was hastily renamed Something in the Air.
  • It's probably best not to confuse Rifts (that ultra-eclectic postapocalyptic tabletop game) with Rift (that MMO involving a conflict between blind faith and reckless science and dragon-things tearing big holes in the world). There's already been a minor legal fuss over it, after all.
  • Riot are a band from New York City whose Fire Down Under has been referred to as the first speed metal album. Quiet Riot were a bubblegum-ish band from Los Angeles with rather undistinguished material, but whose management was interested in actually promoting them. It's now difficult to speak of Riot without it being taken as meaning Quiet Riot.
    • It's also a Paramore album. And a song by Three Days Grace.
  • There is a 1996 FMV game named Ripper and an unrelated 2001 Slasher Movie also named Ripper. Both are however about a Jack the Ripper-copycat.
  • Data East's 1984 laserdisc FMV game Road Blaster should not be confused with Atari Games' 1986 racing game RoadBlasters. The Sega CD port of the former was renamed Road Avenger, presumably to avoid confusion.
  • The 1989 Patrick Swayze cheesefest Road House has nothing to do with the 1948 western of the same name.
  • Robot Wars is a successful British combat show and an American robot tournament. Super Robot Wars is a Japanese video game series which people confusingly abbreviate to Robot Wars.
    • The Japanese video game series is released note  as Super Robot Taisen outside of Japan.
  • The pinball video game Rollerball by HAL Laboratory, has nothing to do with the movie Rollerball.
  • The Room, a film directed, written by and starring Tommy Wiseau, is something of a So Bad, It's Good Cult Classic. It is not to be confused with totally-unrelated mobile phone game The Room. Further confusing the issue is a Flash game based on the film, and the fact that the subtitle for the fourth Silent Hill game is also The Room.
  • Rules of Engagement by Elizabeth Moon, the fifth book in the Familias Regnant series, should not be confused with Rules of Engagement, the TV sitcom. Nor, for that matter, with Rules of Engagement by Peter Morwood, which is a Star Trek Expanded Universe novel. Nor the Tommy Lee Jones movie, Rules of Engagement.
    • Or the film directed by William Friedkin and starring Samuel L. Jackson.
    • Or the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode which, like the movie, is also about a decorated officer who's accused of wrongfully attacking civilians in combat.
  • "Run to the Sun" was the title of a song by Erasure, as well as an earlier italo-disco song by Mauro Farina as Max Coveri, which in turn was later one of the many artist names used by Maurizio de Jorio.
  • The Running Man is a Stephen King novel (adapted into an Arnold Schwarzenegger movie) about a Deadly Game in a dystopian future America. It's also the title of a 1963 film starring Laurence Harvey about a man who commits Insurance Fraud. And it's also the name of a Korean game show.
  • Rush Hour: Film series, not to be confused with the sketch show of the same name, or the hit song by Jane Wiedlin.
  • Rush, the Canadian Prog Rock trio, have had at one point to remind Rush, the American conservative talk show host, to not use their music with this as justification. And if any of these are related to Rush, a 1991 crime drama taking place in Texas, it'd be a surprise. Also, people looking in record shops for music by the prog group have reportedly been annoyed at having to wade through Jennifer Rush albums in their search.

  • Safe was a 1993 British TV movie about homeless people and a 1995 American movie by Todd Haynes about Julianne Moore going mad. As both got a lot of critical acclaim particularly in the UK, this was very confusing, though the latter is often written [safe].
    • It's also the title of a 2012 crime thriller starring Jason Statham.
  • Series/Salamander is about political skullduggery in Belgium. Not to be confused with the other Salamander.
  • There's Sanctuary, a Live-Action TV show about a group of people who hunt down monsters, and Sanctuary, a manganote  about two survivors of the Khmer Rouge takeover of Cambodia, acting as a politician and a Yakuza to reform Japan.
  • "The Sandman" (1816) is a Gothic short story by E. T. A. Hoffmann. No relation to The Sandman (1989-96), comic book series by Neil Gaiman.
    • How about to former ECW star The Sandman?
  • Sangatsu no Lion is a 1991 Japanese live-action drama film. It is also the name of a Japanese manga about shogi.
  • Thin Lizzy have two completely different songs called "Sarah" - one from 1972's Shades of a Blue Orphanage and one from 1979's Black Rose: A Rock Legend. Both are about different relatives of Phil Lynott with the same name - the 1972 "Sarah" was about his grandmother, while the 1979 "Sarah" was about his daughter.
  • Saturday Night Live, a mid-Seventies sketch comedy show on NBC that featured Bill Murray in its cast. No relation, of course, to Saturday Night Live, a mid-Seventies sketch comedy show on *ABC* that featured Bill Murray in its cast.
  • Before Wes Craven's Scream, there was 1981 low-budget slasher named Scream. The 1981 film has also used the alternate title The Outing on some VHS versions, which is shared by a slasher film from 1987.
    • It is also the name of songs by Michael and Janet Jackson, Avenged Sevenfold, and Adelitas Way.
    • And of course, there's Edvard Munch's famous painting The Scream, which inspired the mask worn by the killer in the Wes Craven film.
  • S.D.I. is the name of two unrelated video games released in 1987: a trackball-based Arcade Game by Sega, and a computer game published by Cinemaware.
  • The Second Reality demo is not to be confused with The Second Reality Project, a Game Mod of Super Mario World. There's also an unrelated song titled "Second Reality".
  • Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water (1990) and Secret of Cerulean Sand (2002) are both steampunk Animes.
  • Seek And Destroy is the name of two different games, both involving tanks: a 1996 MS-DOS and Amiga Shoot 'em Up and a 2002 Playstation 2 ActionGame. It's also the name of a Metallica song.
  • The Real-Time Strategy game Sengoku shares its title with an unrelated series of Beat Em Ups by SNK.
  • The Sentinel is a 1970s horror film starring Chris Sarandon; a 2006 political thriller starring Michael Douglas; and a late-'90s sci-fi series. It was also a short story by Arthur C. Clarke which was a major inspiration behind 2001: A Space Odyssey; and a bizarre conquest game which appeared on most 8-bit computers.
  • Shift 2 is either the second in a series of Puzzle Platformer games, or the divorced sequel to Need for Speed: Shift.
  • Shelter (also known as 6 Souls) is a horror flick from 2010, starring Julianne Moore as a forensic psychiatrist who discovers that all of one of her patient's multiple personalities are murder victims. There is also Shelter from 2007, the Coming-Out Story of Zach who falls in love with his best friend's older brother. Perhaps this is why the Julianne Moore film was given a Market-Based Title when released in the US (6 Souls).
  • Simple Man was used as a title by Lynyrd Skynyrd (and later Shinedown), The Charlie Daniels Band, Klaus Nomi and Turbulent.
  • Skins is the title of a a horror webcomic, a British TV series or film
  • Soldier of Fortune, the First-Person Shooter series, is unrelated to the Commodore 64 and ZX Spectrum games of the same name. Neither is to be confused with Soldiers of Fortune, which was a Market-Based Title for The Chaos Engine.
  • "Somebody to Love" by The Great Society, also played by Jefferson Airplane, and "Somebody to Love" by Queen haven't got much more in common than the title. The Justin Bieber song is unrelated to either song.
  • The 1939 movie Some Like It Hot, featuring Bob Hope, Shirley Ross and Gene Krupa, is unrelated to Some Like It Hot, the famous drag comedy from twenty years later. Neither are related to The Power Station's 1985 smash hit.
  • Sonic Boom is the title of two games by Sega. Only one has to do with Sonic the Hedgehog. The other is a Vertical Scrolling Shooter dating back to 1987.
  • Sorcerer the computer adventure and Sorcerer the pinball machine both have the same general theme (as evident from the title), but are otherwise unrelated. Neither have any connection to the movie, or to its Tangerine Dream soundtrack.
  • South Pacific is also the title of a 1943 play by Howard Rigsby and Dorothy Heyward, unrelated to the later musical—though both plays happen to be about confronting American racial prejudice during World War II.
  • When most people think of Space Ace, they think of the laserdisc arcade game made by the same people who made Dragon's Lair. However, "Space Ace" can also refer to the very first show Tatsunoko Production ever made: "Uchuu Ace" (which literally translates as "Space Ace").
  • Spectrum was a military organisation in 1968 Supermarionation series Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons. The Spectrum was a (coincidentally-named) late-1960s pop group who, because of the coincidence, were invited to do the closing-credits music for Captain Scarlet. The ZX Spectrum was a 1982 computer unrelated to either of these.
  • In 1936, long before the film Speed about a bomb on a bus, there was a film of the same name about a race car driver setting the land speed record. Also the name of a Covenant song.
  • The manga Spriggan has nothing to do with the Spriggan series of Shoot Em Ups by Naxat/Compile.
  • The 1970s song Stairway to Heaven that was very popular in Jamaica, and is still played on the radio there sometimes, is from the O'Jays album "Family Reunion". Many Jamaicans are unaware of the earlier, unrelated song of the same name by Led Zeppelin.
    • It was also the name of a hit song by Neil Sedaka back in the '60s, long before either song became a hit.
  • There was an obscure Turn-Based Strategy game for the Apple ][ titled Starcraft—no relation to Starcraft, of course. Starcraft was also the name of a defunct Japanese company that ported many Western games to Japanese computers.
  • Star Fox is completely unrelated to Star Fox, an almost universally derided Atari 2600 game released a decade before. And it was that which was why Nintendo had to market the first two games involving Fox and the crew under different titles in Europe. The irony is, of course, the other Star Fox wasn't released in Europe.
    • Actually, there was an unrelated third Star Fox game released in Europe on the Commodore 64 and other home computers, the real reason for the name change.
  • The original arcade version of Defender II was released under the name Stargate. No relation to that franchise of movies and TV series, of course.
  • Imagic's Star Voyager is a simple space-themed Shoot 'em Up that appeared on the Atari 2600. Another game called Star Voyager was released on the NES in 1987, its gameplay owing a lot more to Star Raiders than the original Star Voyager.
  • There was a coin-op called Star Wars ("starw" in MAME) which was a bootleg of Galaxy Wars, released in 1979, 2 years after the first Star Wars film, but before the arcade Licensed Game.
    • There's also Exidy's Star Fire, a loose adaptation of Star Wars that also predates the official arcade game.
      • If your a Child of the Eighties, "Star Wars" means lightsabers and Wookiees. If you're an adult from the eighties, "Star Wars" probably meant Regan's missile defense system.
  • Still Alive, the ending song from Portal, is completely unrelated to Still Alive (The Theme from Mirror's Edge).
    • Or Still Alive, the song by Finnish band The Crash.
    • Or even Still Alive, the song by Chilean industrial band Vigilante.
  • Covenant produced a song called "Storm" in 1996, then in 2006, Eskil Simonsson of that group sang vocals on a Front Line Assembly song titled "The Storm".
  • Strange World is the name of three different songs by Iron Maiden, Ke, and Push / M.I.K.E.
  • The Street Fighter, a series of 1970s grindhouse films starring Sonny Chiba, and Street Fighter, a series of fighting games (which even spun off some movies of its own).
  • P. G. Wodehouse quipped in the introduction to one of his early Blandings Castle novels that he hoped it made the list of the eleven best books named Summer Lightning.
  • There are two manga magazines in Japan with "Sunday" as part of the title: the more well known Weekly Shonen Sunday by Shogakukan, and the seinen magazine Weekly Manga Sunday published by a company called Jistsugyo no Nihon Sha.note 
  • Sunshine is both a 1999 film about three generations of a Hungarian-Jewish family living throughout the first half of the twentieth century, and a 2007 science fiction film about a space mission to reignite the sun. There's also a 1973 Made-for-TV movie called Sunshine. And a vampire novel.
  • There are countless songs titled "Sunrise", many of which are in the trance genre.
  • Survivors, a 1970s British post-apocalyptic drama and its 2000s remake, should have not be confused with American reality show Survivor.


  • Ultraviolet and Ultraviolet are about vampires. However, one is a film, the other is a TV series, and they weren't even produced in the same country.
  • Undefeated is the 2011 Oscar winner for Best Documentary. THE Undefeated from the same year is a documentary praising Sarah Palin. You can't get further apart than that.
  • Underdog is both the name of a Western Animation series and film adaptation about a heroic canine and a gritty Manga centered around a Deadly Game that depicts graphic scenes of sex and murder.
  • Underworld is an action/horror franchise about werewolves battling vampires, and a 1996 comedy thriller starring Dennis Leary. Neither of them is related to the Sabreman game Underwurlde.
  • The Adventure Game Uninvited was released only a few years before a So Bad, It's Good movie of the same title about a killer mutant cat. The Uninvited is also the title of a classic 1944 haunted-house mystery film and a not-so-classic 2009 remake of the Korean thriller A Tale of Two Sisters.
    • Also, it's a 1998 hit for Alanis Morrisette.
  • Unknown somehow wound up being the title of two different psychological thrillers released just five years apart; the 2011 film is far better-known than the 2006 version, in part because it had Liam Neeson rather than James Caviezel as its lead.
  • Unreal the demo by Future Crew, and Unreal the First-Person Shooter series by Epic Games (whom some Future Crew members worked with).
  • Up: a Right Said Fred album, a Peter Gabriel album or a Pixar movie?
    • Or, while we're at it, a Russ Meyer movie?
      • In fact, before the release of Pixar's movie, members of IMDB were confused as to why they would be remaking a sex comedy.
    • Not to mention an R.E.M. album.
    • And a Shania Twain album, although that was technically Up!.
      • Which, in turn, is not to be confused with the Volkswagen up! Not the Up!, the Up, or the up. The up!


  • The Wall by Pink Floyd and "The Wall" by Kansas share a name and both bands play some form of progressive rock, but the two works are completely different in every other aspect, not just in the style but also the former being the album's name and the latter being a song on the album Leftoverture.
  • Warriors can be easily confused for different things; one is a novel series about fighting cats and clans written by Erin Hunter (and it is also known as Warrior Cats) and the other is a cult classic movie 'The Warriors'' about gangs from New York. It can be confusing for the average person whenever it is typed on the search engine.
    • There is also New Warriors the underrated Marvel comic from the 90s.
  • The Way Back, a 2011 film set in The Forties about some guys who hike to Mongolia and then India and The Way Way Back, a 2013 Coming of Age film that was meant to be set in The Eighties.
    • "The Way Back" is also the first episodes of Blake's 7.
  • We Are the Night: A Chemical Brothers album, and a German vampire film.
  • Family Matters, Step by Step, and Roseanne all had episodes called "We're Going to Disney World!". The first two instances had two parts each.
  • There is a porno flick called What's Love Got to Do With It? that is entirely different from the (non-porno) movie of the same name about Tina Turner, starring Angela Bassett. The porn film came out first, so it has the right to use the name and the producer of the other film can't do anything about it.
  • White Tigers:
  • Who Cut The Cheese by Stilton Jarlsberg and Who Cut The Cheese by Mason Brown are both parodies of Who Moved My Cheese and both published in 2000.
  • Abbott and Costello, The Three Stooges, and Benny Hill have all done movies titled Who Done It?.
  • Wings is a song by Cimorelli from the Believe It and Made In America EPs. There's also the song of the same name by Little Mixand an animated Disney movie.
    • It's also a song by Jeff Williams as part of the RWBY soundtrack.
  • "Winner": 2012 song by the Noisettes, or the Pet Shop Boys?
  • Wipeout is the title of two American gameshows. The BBC did versions of both, and the British version of the second one was renamed Total Wipeout to avert confusion. It's also the name of a futuristic racing video game series.
    • It's also the Surfari's only hit.
    • And to make things even more confusing? The latter Wipeout game show has had a video game made of it.
  • Rednex (Yes, the same band who did "Cotton-Eyed Joe") named their only ballad hit single "Wish You Were Here" although that was already the title of one of Pink Floyd's most famous songs. There was also the once-popular title song of the 1952 musical Wish You Were Here.
    • In 2001, Incubus had a hit by that name, although that was sometimes called I Wish You Were Here.
  • "Without You I'm Nothing" was a 1987 album by confrontational standup/singer Sandra Bernhard. Three years later, she filmed a concert movie with the same title. Eight years after that, it was the title of Placebo's breakthrough album.
  • Wonder 3 is a compilation of three arcade games, two of which are action games while the third is an unrelated puzzle game by Capcom. It has absolutely nothing to do with an Osamu Tezuka work also called Wonder 3 in Japan, but is known elsewhere as The Amazing 3.
  • At World's End, the 3rd Pirates of the Caribbean film, and World's End, an entry in the Sandman comic book series.
    • There's also The World's End, the third film in Edgar Wright's Blood and Ice Cream trilogy.
  • In 1994, the film Wolf was released. A video game called Wolf was also released the same year, and it is not a Licensed Game (or even an unlicensed game about the same topic as the film). The film is about werewolves; the game, about actual, ordinary wolves.


  • Yesterday's Children is a Based on a True Story film about reincarnation, as well as the first novel in David Gerrold's Star Wolf series.

  • There are now two movies named Zapped (one from 1982 and the other from 2014)
  • Zookeeper is an arcade platformer released by Taito in 1982. A different Zoo Keeper game, initially developed by Robot Communications and later ported to GBA, PS2 and the Nintendo DS, is a Match Three Game with an animal motif.
  • The Japanese Nintendo 64 game titled Zool: Majuu Tsukai Densetsu is not at all related to Zool, Gremlin Graphics' series of platformers involving an extraterrestrial ninja.

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Sliding Scale of Shiny Versus GrittyImageSource/Live-Action FilmsThe Ten Commandments

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