Recycled Title

You know what future historians will say about us, right? "There were two very different games called Wolfenstein released in the same twenty year period and the second was not, strictly speaking, a remake of the first. From this we conclude that the people of the early twenty-first century were taking the piss."
— Yahtzee, Zero Punctuation

Coming up with a good title for a new work is hard. No wonder so many people just take the lazy way out and just stick a number on the end.

Of course, if you're really lazy, you could not bother with even the number, let alone a subtitle, and give the latest release in your series the same name as an earlier one- usually, the first installment, which will typically also be the series name. A variation includes (de-)pluralizing the previous title, or dropping the adjectives. Fans will typically give the later work a Fan Nickname.

Recycling titles became very common in mid and late 2000s.

This doesn't cover remakes, where the new work is explicitly a new version of the previous work. Re-imaginings, such as when a video game is released with significantly different versions on consoles and handhelds at the same time and with the same title, are borderline.

Often used when it might be embarrassing to admit how many times they've milked this particular cash cow. It may also be an attempt to bring in newcomers who don't want to catch up with all the past installments, since a title like Hero Spies IV: Avenging the Aftermath sounds like it might leave non-fans lost.

See also Similarly Named Works, which is when two or more entirely unrelated works happen to share the same title.


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    Live-Action TV 
  • Torchwood has two episodes named "Day One", the second of the first season and the first of the third season.


  • A famous example is Peter Gabriel, whose first four albums were self-titled, only being differentiated by their cover art. His US label got tired of it, and refused to release the fourth one unless he gave it a title, and he quickly thought of Security. It remained self-titled elsewhere. The first three albums are known by fans as Peter Gabriel I, II and III respectively, and the fourth is either known as IV or by its US title. Some also refer to the first three albums as "Car", "Scratch" and "Melt" in reference to the cover art.

     Video Games  
  • There's Sonic the Hedgehog on the Genesis in 1991 (along with a mostly different 8-bit version of the same name), and Sonic the Hedgehog for Xbox 360 and PS3 in 2006. The 2006 game was commonly referred to as Sonic NextGen, although that has since fallen out of use in favour of Sonic 2006, mainly due to the fact it's no longer on a 'next' generation system.
  • Bionic Commando - the arcade, NES and Game Boy versions were released in Japan under the titles of Top Secret, Hitler no Fukkatsu: Top Secret (The Resurrection of Hitler) and Bionic Commando, in that order. Only the third one could be considered a port, since it's based on the NES version, which was more of a sequel/spinoff of the original arcade version than a port. Later, Capcom commissioned the development of another sequel in 2009 for the PS3 and Xbox 360 simply titled Bionic Commando as well.
  • Inverted in Ōkami. The name "Ōkami" was first used by Capcom in Commando, whose Japanese name was Senjō no Ōkami.
  • Ninja Gaiden - The NES version in 1988, then on Xbox in 2004. Both have two numbered sequels, although the ones on the NES used Roman numerals and had subtitles. There was also the arcade game released around the same time as the NES game, as well as the Sega-published versions for the Master System and Game Gear, along with an unreleased Mega Drive version (all of them are completely unique games and not just ports of the same game).
  • Metal Gear Solid - only outside Japan, where Metal Gear: Ghost Babel (the Game Boy Color version released in 2000) was simply titled Metal Gear Solid in the west.
  • Mega Man (the original series): Differentiating the numbered NES and Game Boy titles can get a bit tricky. With the exception of the first Game Boy game, which was subtitled Dr. Wily's Revenge, all the sequels used Roman numerals on their title screens, until Capcom began unifiying the title logos with MM8, 9 and 10. Fan communities used Arabic numerals for the NES versions (due to the logos on the packaging, which designed differently from the in-game versions) and roman numerals for their Game Boy counterparts. This was never an issue in Japan, where the Rockman sequels on the Famicom used Arabic numerals and subtitles (e.g. Rockman 2: Dr. Wily's Enigma), whereas the Game Boy versions were actually part of a side-series known as Rockman World.
    • The Game Boy Mega Man X ports known as Mega Man Xtreme are called Rockman X: Cyber Mission and Rockman X2: Soul Eraser in Japan. Which makes sense, since they are more or less straight ported-down versions of Mega Man X 1-3 with a new story.
  • Donkey Kong - the original arcade game, and the 1994 Game Boy version. Could be said to be a remake, since the first four stages of the GB game are based on the arcade, but the mechanics are changed and there's about 96 more levels after that. The GB game is generally known as Donkey Kong '94.
  • Prince of Persia - first on numerous platforms in 1989-1992, then on Xbox 360 and PS3 in 2008.
  • Castlevania - first on the NES in 1987, then on the N64 in 1999. The latter tends to be called "Castlevania 64" to the extent that many people assume that's the actual title. Also, the Japanese and European releases of Castlevania: Lament of Innocence from 2003 had the subtitle dropped, leaving it as a third game just called Castlevania. Moreover, Castlevania: Circle of the Moon is also just Castlevania in Europe.
    • In Japan, the games known in the west as Castlevania (the NES one), Vampire Killer (MSX2), Haunted Castle (arcade) and Super Castlevania IV (SNES) are all titled Akumajō Dracula, as was the X68000 game later ported to the PS as Castlevania Chronicles. On one hand, this clears a lot of ambiguity between what are practically five completely different games (not just ports of the same title) by making it easier to tell each game apart by name. On the other hand, this also obscured the relation Vampire Killer and Haunted Castle had with the series (since they did not carry the Castlevania moniker overseas) and caused the common misconception that Super Castlevania IV is a continuation of the NES trilogy rather than a retelling of Simon Belmont's first venture into Dracula's castle.
    • In addition to the MSX2 game, Vampire Killer was also the title of the Japanese version of Castlevania: Bloodlines.
  • Borderline: The 2008 Turok game. While the first game in the series (from 1997) had a subtitle (Turok: Dinosaur Hunter), it was often just called Turok, which is of course the accepted series name.
  • Shinobi: The 1986 side-scrolling action game for the arcade, the 2002 3D action game for the PlayStation 2, and a 2011 side-scrolling sequel for 3DS. May also apply to The G.G. Shinobi for the Game Gear, which was simply titled Shinobi on the American cover art (but still kept the original title in the actual game).
    • Also applies to The Revenge of Shinobi, which was the title of the 1989 Sega Genesis sequel to the original Shinobi, and an unrelated Game Boy Advance game released in 2002 to cash-in on the above-mentioned PS2 version.
  • Neverwinter Nights recycled the title of a 1991 MMORPG on the Gold Box engine.
  • The Samurai Shodown games had a few 3D games. These were, Samurai Shodown 64 and Samurai Shodown 64: Warrior's Rage for the Hyper Neo-Geo 64 and Samurai Shodown: Warrior's Rage for the PlayStation. To avoid confusion, they are called Samurai Shodown 64 Part II and Samurai Shodown: Warrior's Rage.
    • In addition, there were two Samurai Shodown games for Neo Geo Pocket: Samurai Shodown! and Samurai Shodown! 2 (the exclamation marks are part of their titles).
  • Punch-Out!! has had three games called Punch-Out!! First is the original arcade game, second is the NES game, and third is the Wii version.
    • Punch Out also has two sequel titled Super Punch Out: the arcade sequel and the SNES sequel to the NES version.
  • Wolfenstein. Sure, the 2009 game doesn't have the "3D" in its title (not to mention the "Castle" from Silas Warner's original Wolfenstein games), but still.
  • There are no less than four distinct games titled Dance Dance Revolution, not counting ports.
    • The 1998 original.
    • The newest version of Dance Dance Revolution on the Xbox 360 and PS3.
    • The US-exclusive PS1 release, which uses the DanceDanceRevolution 3rdMIX engine and uses songs from 1st through 3rdMIX.
    • The 2013 arcade release, with the year sometimes appended as a Fan Nickname to avoid confusion with the original 1998 release.
  • Similarly, the 2013 versions of Guitar Freaks and DrumMania are simply called GITADORA, a common Fan Nickname for the long-running series.
  • Rebellion Developments has made not one, not two, but three separate games based on the Alien vs. Predator universe: Alien Vs Predator (1994, Atari Jaguar), Aliens versus Predator (1999, PC), and...Aliens versus Predator (2010, multiplatform).
    • And that's not counting the SNES and Capcom arcade versions, which are both titled Alien vs. Predator as well. Note that, unlike the above Jaguar game, this one has a period after vs! That makes it completely different.
  • A Boy and His Blob for Wii is a borderline example since it has no subtitle, but the original NES game had the subtitle "Trouble on Blobolonia". Still, the Wii version is usually referred to as A Boy and His Blob Wii.
  • Borderline: There was a Japan-only FMV game based on Street Fighter II: The Animated Movie simply titled Street Fighter II Movie (which was the film's original Japanese title). This is unrelated to Street Fighter The Movie, a fighting game released for the arcades based on the live-action film, or with the console game of the same name (which was released in Japan as Street Fighter: Real Battle on Film).
  • Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles has the NES game and the arcade game, both based on the first animated series and released roughly at the same time in 1989 (as such, the NES port of the latter was labeled a sequel to the former) and the 2003 multiplatform game by Konami based on the second animated series. The 2007 multiplatform game by Ubisoft based on the CGI film is simply titled TMNT, much like the movie itself.
    • And then two games with the title of just "Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles" released in 2013 (based on the Nickelodeon CGI series) and 2014 (based on the film reboot) - both by the same developer and publisher!
    • Three distinct games were released with the title "Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Tournament Fighters" at the same time, for three different consoles. The character lineups for each one other than the Turtles themselves were vastly different, the sprites, moves and stories were completely original for each one, too. In Japan, only the Genesis version was called Tournament Fighters, with the SNES version being subtitled "Mutant Warriors" (the NES version never released there).
      • The 1987 and 2003 animated series are themselves an example in America, but not in Europe, where the 1987 series was called Teenage Mutant HERO Turtles for censorship reasons.
      • The 2003 and 2012 cartoons are both called Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles everywhere.
  • Need for Speed: Hot Pursuit (2010) is a sequel to Need For Speed: Hot Pursuit II (2002), itself a sequel to Need For Speed III: Hot Pursuit (1998). Confused?
    • Criterion Games seems to have a penchant for doing this with regard to their NFS entries. The NFS game for 2012 is called "Most Wanted", which is the same as the 2005 installment.
  • Mortal Kombat: The 1992 original and the the 2012 (a reboot). Netherrealm Studios calls the latter "Mortal Kombat 9" informally, taking into account Mortal Kombat vs. DC Universe as the eighth game in the series.
  • The Devil May Cry reboot by Ninja Theory is titled DmC: Devil May Cry. Taking the acronym into consideration: yes, it's actually called "Devil May Cry: Devil May Cry".
  • EA has done this with Medal of Honor. The first on the Playstation in 1999 and then in 2010 on the Xbox 360, PS3 and PC.
  • There are three different games called Battletoads: the original NES game, the Game Boy game, and the 1994 arcade game (which is sometimes referred to as Super Battletoads). To make matters more confusing, the original game was also ported to the Game Boy under the title Battletoads in Ragnarok's World.
  • The ninth Tomb Raider game will be titled...Tomb Raider.
  • Double Dragon: the original 1987 arcade beat-'em-up and the 1994 Neo-Geo head-to-head fighting game based on the movie. There were also numerous adaptations of the former in various formats that deviated from the original, including an iOS version released in 2011.
  • Twisted Metal: 1995 PlayStation original and the 2012 PS3 sequel to Twisted Metal Black.
  • Super Dodge Ball: the 1987 arcade original, the 1988 NES version (which is technically a port, but very different from the original), and the rare 1996 Neo-Geo sequel.
  • Operation C, the Game Boy sequel to the NES Contra games, was simply titled Contra in Japan. However, the title is spelled in katakananote  instead of the three kanji characters used in the arcade and console installments to phonetically spell out "Contra" in Japanese.note 
    • In Europe, the early console games in the Contra series were released as Probotector, replacing the original human heroes with robotic counterparts. Three games in the series were simply titled Probotector: the NES original (based on the first Contra), the Game Boy version (based on Operation C), and the Mega Drive version (based on Contra: Hard Corps).
  • Borderline example: The English version of Fire Emblem: Rekka no Ken ("The Sword of Flame") is the only game in its series that is simply titled Fire Emblem, as it was the first one to get an international release (it's actually the seventh game in the overall series and the second one for the Game Boy Advance). Every Fire Emblem game since the Famicom original (Ankoku Ryū to Hikari no Tsurugi, or "The Dark Dragon and the Sword of Light") has a subtitle in Japan.
  • Adventure Island, the NES version of the Famicom game Takahashi Meijin no Bōken Jima, has nothing to do with the PC Engine game Adventure Island, which was released for the TurboGrafx-16 under the name of Dragon's Curse. However, they were both produced by Hudson Soft and both were remakes of Sega/Westone games (Wonder Boy and Monster World II respectively)
  • Alien Syndrome: the original 1987 arcade game that was ported to various platforms and the 2007 multi-platform sequel.
  • Metal Slug: the original 1994 2D action shooter for the Neo Geo (that was ported to various platform) or the 2006 3D third-person shooter for the PlayStation 2.
  • Borderline: Rocket Knight is the fourth game in the Rocket Knight Adventures series, which consists of the Genesis games Rocket Knight Adventures and Sparkster: Rocket Knight Adventures 2, as well as an SNES game simply titled Sparkster.
  • You Don't Know Jack: The original was released in 1995. It had its share of sequels and expansion packs, then it laid low for about eight years until a new one was released in 2011 with the same name as the original. Most fans just append "2011" to the name.
  • Cobra Command was the title of two different arcade games by Data East. The first one was an animated laserdisc game originally released in 1984 (originally titled Thunder Storm in Japan) and ported many years later to the Sega CD. The other was a side-scrolling shoot-'em-up released in 1988, with a NES port that same year.
  • The seventh Test Drive installment.
  • The fifth Alone in the Dark game.
  • Mansion Of Hidden Souls is the title of both the Sega CD original and its Saturn sequel.
  • SimCitys first sequel was Simcity 2000 after the fashion of its time. The next followed logically with 3000, the next dropped the extraneous zeros, and the fifth incarnation was just Simcity again. Sim City 2013's actual name is "SimCity", we call it "2013" because EA gave us no other names to use.
  • The 2009 release in the Bishi Bashi series is simply called The BishiBashi.
  • The upcoming fourth entry in the Thief series (previously known as Thi4f) is technically the first one to be called just Thief. The original 1998 PC game was titled Thief: The Dark Project.
  • The upcoming third entry the the Star Wars: Battlefront series, developed by DICE and published by EA. The Other Wiki has taken a liking to calling it Star Wars: Battlefront (DICE).
  • Seventeen years after the last release in the series and nineteen years after the namesake it recycles was released, Killer Instinct for the Xbox One understandably did not dub its third installment Killer Instinct 3 and instead opted for just the plain title.
  • Strider could refer to: the 1989 arcade game by Capcom, the NES version released during the same year based on the Moto Kikaku manga, or the 2014 sequel to the arcade game developed by Double Helix.
    • Strider II, the 1990 Tiertex-developed home computer sequel to Strider, is not to be confused with the similarly titled Strider 2 (aka Strider Hiryu 2), the 1999 Capcom-developed arcade sequel. The former was remade for Sega Genesis and Game Gear under the U.S. title of Journey From Darkness: Strider Returns.
  • The Xbox One's name is identical to what people were calling the original Xbox since the Xbox 360 was announced.
  • Rise of the Triad. Wait, you mean the 1994 one or the 2013 one?
  • Crytek's new version of the Cry Engine is the fourth major version, but it will be dropping the number and be named simply Cry Engine like the original, apparently to emphasize how different it is from the previous versions.
  • Everything seems to indicate that the fourth game in the Doom series will be named simply, well, Doom.
  • Both Puyo Puyo and its overseas title Puyo Pop: the former could refer to a 1991 MSX 2 / Famicom Disk System game and a radically different 1992 Arcade Game, while the latter could refer to a 1999 Neo Geo Pocket Color game, 2002 Game Boy Advance game, or 2003 N-Gage game.
  • A new official King's Quest game is planned for 2015, simply called King's Quest. This will be the ninth official game and the first since 1998.

    Western Animation 

Alternative Title(s):

Identically Named Sequel, Same Name Sequel