A Marvel ComicscosmicSuper Team, has had two prominent incarnations as listed below starting with the original. If you're looking for the Green Lantern supporting characters, those are the Guardians of the Universe.
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The Classic Series
Marvel Cosmic Old School...
The Guardians of the Galaxy first appeared in Marvel Super-Heroes #18 (January, 1969), created by Arnold Drake and Gene Colan. They are a science fiction comic series set in the future, the 31st Century. An alien race known as the Badoon have conquered Earth in the year 3007 A.D., leading a telekinetic astronaut from the 20th Century (preserved by 1,000 years in suspended animation) to gather a team of heroes to free Earth. They eventually do, and go on to do other stuff.The series ran in various Marvel Anthology books in the 1970s, with guest appearances in The Defenders and The Avengers in between anthology runs. The characters' most notable appearance during these early years was in The Avengers, during The Korvac Saga.The characters vanished into limbo during the 1980s, but were revived and given their own book in 1990. Originally written and drawn by Jim Valentino (with only one fill-in artist, Mark Texiera, for a single issue), Valentino revived the book with gratuitous continuity nods to existing Marvel characters: these included a new Phoenix, Wolverine's evil great-great-great-granddaughter Rancor and her army of evil mutants, a revived Church of the Universal Truth, "The Punisher" militia, Doctor Doom (whose brain was implanted into Wolverine's body), and Mephisto's daughter among other things. The series was popular, but ultimately around issue #28, Jim Valentino jumped ship to go found Image Comics after the other founders made a surprise offer to let Valentino come with them.The book was then turned over to Michael Gallagher, who resolved Valentino's various storylines before introducing a new opponent derived from elements of another 1970s sci-fi book (Killraven) into the franchise, causing the Guardians to fight the last Martian, Ripjak. The series lasted for 62 issues (June, 1990-July, 1995). They haven't seen much use since that time, although they do make the occasional appearance in the new team's series and are set to appear in a new mini series titled Guardians 3000 later in 2014.Had its own spin-off mini-series: Galactic Guardians, which featured a lot of future versions of Marvel characters, including: Phoenix IX, the Spirit of Vengeance, Mainframe (the Vision) and Hollywood (Wonder Man).This team initially consisted of:
Yellowjacket (Rita DeMara)
This Version Contains Examples of:
Absolute Cleavage: Very popular in the future — used by the women and some of the men.
Alternate History: When they go back in time to team up with The Avengers, they change Major Victory's history, making their future an alternate timeline. The Earth-616 version of Vance Astrovik goes on to become Justice of the New Warriors.
Fiery Redhead: Nikki. Slight Aversion in that she's not quite a redhead so much as that being from the planet Mercury, the pores on her head are exhaust ports for a high, constant body heat. The result? Actual constant fire that looks like hair.
Last of His Kind: The premise starts here; the Badoon have attacked, and the four originals are survivors of their worlds. Yondu, from Centauri IV in the Alpha Centauri system, eventually discovers that a large number of his people survived and saves them from Galactus.
Not Blood Siblings: Stakar and Aleta are a married couple with three kids. They're also adopted siblings.
Only You Can Repopulate My Race: Yondu, to Photon. Unfortunately, Photon's an atheist and Yondu is sworn to murder any of his kind who are. Although it was she who was trying to kill him. No one ended up killing anyone, although he caught her off-guard and badly hurt her at one point. (Valentino intended them to eventually get together, but it never panned out.)
Playing with Fire: Firelord, Martinex, and Nikki (Nikki, who was in a relationship with Charlie-27 at one point, and had to immerse herself in water to cool down enough so they could touch).
Sharing a Body: Starhawk and Aleta, from their first appearance. They were adopted siblings who encountered a device that made them share the same physical space, so only one of them could manifest at a time. They made the most of it by getting married. Everything seemed okay until Aleta started falling for Vance...
Timey-Wimey Ball: Time is unchangeable, which is why Starhawk is stuck in his "Groundhog Day" Loop. Time travel also creates alternate timelines, such as when Vance Astro went back in time and prevented his younger self from going into space without erasing himself from existence.
Transhuman: Martinex, Charlie-27, and Nikki are all from races of humans genetically modified to live on Pluto, Jupiter, and Mercury respectively.
"Feels like someone turned the symbolic homage up to eleven."
Years after the original comic ended, a new version, set in the mainstream 616 universe and in the present time, was created by Dan Abnett and Andy Lanning out of the main characters from their two Annihilationminiseries events. In it, a few of the protagonists who helped solve the troubles of those series decide that the universe can't take another, and so organize a team to proactively go out and lay the beatdown on whatever troubles threaten to destroy everything.The new version first appeared in Guardians of the Galaxy vol. 2 #1 (July, 2008). Their book lasted for 25 issues (July, 2008-June, 2010). This was later succeeded by a vol.3 in early 2013 as part of the Marvel NOW relaunch, with Brian Michael Bendis writing and Steven McNiven on art.A version of the team appears in the second season of The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes, during an adaptation of The Korvac Saga. The team also appeared in an episode of Ultimate Spider-Man, which largely served to introduce the franchise to a younger audience in anticipation of the upcoming film. This line-up is also set to appear in a live-action Guardians of the Galaxy film, set within the Marvel Cinematic Universe.The team line-up initially consisted of:
With Mantis providing a support role and Groot still recovering from Annihilation Conquest, though both would soon join the main line up. Also providing a support role was Cosmo, a telepathic former Russian Cosmonaut dog who ran security at Knowhere, the former head of a Celestial at the end of space and time. By the second issue, Major Victory, the same character from the original series, would join up, and would be followed later on by Bug, Jack Flagg and Moondragon. In the Marvel NOW series, the Guardians reformed with the line-up of Star-Lord, Groot, Rocket Raccoon, Gamora, Drax the Destroyer and Iron Man. Carol Danvers (Captain Marvel) and Flash Thompson (Venom IV) joined the team in 2014.Two spin-off ongoings hit shortly before the movie: Rocket Raccoon, spotlighting Rocket's solo adventures (with Groot occasionally along for the ride), and Legendary Star-Lord, spotlighting Star-Lord's solo adventures.
Tropes used in Volumes 2 and 3 include:
Aborted Arc: Drax starts looking for Cammi, but when the possibility of reviving his daughter comes up, he forgets all about her.
Absolute Cleavage: Gamora in Vol. 2, who pairs it with Sideboob, Vapor Wear, and likely a few other related tropes. Frankly, it's probably a miracle of space-age future science that her clothing manages to stay on her as reliably as it does.
Dropped in Vol. 3.
Amicable Exes: Adam and Gamora have shades of this. It gets creepy when he becomes Magus.
Anyone Can Die: Issue 19 of Vol. 2 has half the main characters KIA by the time the issue is over.Not Quite Dead: 22/23 reveals it was an illusion the whole time, with only Phyla dying in between issues 24 and 25.
Apocalypse How: One potential future we're shown results in a Class X-2.
Badass Normal: Starlord; while he used to have all kinds of nifty cosmic powers, these days he's just a guy with a gun and a rad helmet taking on cosmic level threats.
Bad Future: Adam Warlock may have contained the Fault in time but his actions resulted in every possible future becoming the 'Magus future', where the universe is under the control of the Universal Church of Truth, lead by Magus. It got so bad that Kang the Conqueror is the only one left standing, giving Starlord a Cosmic Cube that might give him the edge over the Magus.
Brick Joke: When Star-Lord and half of his team are thrown through time and encounter the classic Guardians of the Galaxy, he decides to come up with another name for his team to avoid any unnecessary problems with the other Guardians. The name he chose: The Ass-Kickers of the Fantastic, a name that Rocket Raccoon suggested for their team name in the beginning of the first issue.
Star-Lord: All the good names were taken.
Cassandra Truth: Major Victory keeps trying to tell everyone about the threat of the Badoon. He's only believed once the team encounter some of their handiwork.
Catch Phrase: "I am Groot!" (It actually means something. We just can't understand the subtle nuances.)
Rocket has the tendency to shout variants on "Blam! I murdered you!" in the midst of battle, which some of his teammates find disturbing.
Starhawk is still "The one who knows."
Characterization Marches On: In the Star-Lord series for Annihilation: Conquest, Groot was capable of speaking complete sentences, and had a regal sense of dignity and pride about him. Starting around issue 10 of vol. 2 he mainly just declares "I am Groot!" with nobody commenting on the change.
The first person in volume 2 to be able to understand Groot's language is Maximus the Mad during War of Kings (and no one's even sure that he's not faking it). Come volume 3, everyone on the team seems to have no trouble at all understanding the big guy.
Clap Your Hands If You Believe: The Church of Universal Truth runs on their abiding faith in life itself, from trillions of beings all over the universe. Their cardinals focus their belief into all sorts of handy super-powers. It's even their battle-cry.
Corrupt Church: The Church of Universal Truth definitely. They use the faith of their followers to empower themselves but are unafraid of bugging out and leaving them to their doom when things get hot. Become even more so under the leadership of Adam Magus in the future.
Good Thing You Can Heal: Stuck in a Dyson Sphere with no protection from the sunlight, and the teleportation systems down, with the means to restore the shielding a good distance from their location, Gamora points out she has a healing factor. She succeeds, but gets badly burnt in the process. It takes several issues for her skin to heal, with a few issues more for her hair.
Green-Skinned Space Babe: Gamora and Mantis. Bug would be the male version of this trope, being VERY handsome under the helmet.
"Groundhog Day" Loop: The classic Guardians in Volume 3 #14, who find themselves replaying their fight against the Badoon over and over thanks to something in the past, and decide to travel back and put a stop to it. A similar phenomenon motivates Starhawk's journeys back in time in Volume 2; in that case, it turns out to be the events of War of Kings opening the way to the Cancerverse.
Drax: "We almost died. I saw a bright light. There was nobody in it I wanted to see."
Negative Space Wedgie: The rips in the fabric of the universe that keep showing up. There's a really, really big one (which they manage to actually stabilize) by the time the War of Kings story is over.
Age of Ultron spawns a few more, including the one that brings Angela over from her dimension.
Maelstrom luring Phyla and Drax to Oblivion's realm turns into a twin case of this. He needed Moondragon to actually be there in order for the trap to work, allowing Phyla to free her. And then, Phyla's relinquishing her Quantum Bands means Quasar is free to give them to Richard Rider, allowing him to save the Nova Corps.
No Sell: Nothing the team has slows the Magus down for very long. It gets worse with Thanos, who manages to kill an entire planet before they can stop him.
Subverted when the two Guardian teams meet. Charlie-27 claims he doesn't feel Jack Flag's punch, but later on it turns out to have broken several of his ribs.
Shout-Out: The name of the bar on Knowhere is named Starlin's, a reference to Jim Starlin, the godfather of Marvel Cosmic.
In the first issue of volume 2, the team infiltrate a massive ship that looks like a giant cathedral which is flying into a Negative Space Wedgie. These are obvious references to Warhammer 40K, which features creator Dan Abnett's most celebrated work. The flying cathedral-ship is also named the Tancred, which was the name of a Space Marine-turned-Dreadnought in an Abnett-penned Warhammer 40K comic.
Stop Worshipping Me: Adam and the Church of Universal Truth. They consider him their messiah, he finds them an unpleasant reminder of Magus. That said, he's not above using them when the need arises.
Super Dickery: Drax and Phyla go to see Mentor, Moondragons' Parental Substitute, about a way to revive her. Unfortunately, they need her soul. Mentor instantly kills both of them. It gets them where they need to go, but they're still angry about it when they're revived.
Tempting Fate: When the subject of the Magus comes up, Adam Warlock is incredibly insistent he prevented that reality from happening, causing Rocket to ask if their mission is going to become 'one of those time-travel things'. Fortunately, it doesn't. But then, at the end of the issue, we see a figure frozen in a block of ice, a familiar shield just visible underneath the surface. Capped off by what Quill says over this.
Star-Lord: "That kind of stuff always ends in pain, heartbreak and tears before bedtime. Sure glad we dodged that bullet."
Took a Level in Badass: The Badoon are in the middle of this in Vol 2. When the team faces off against some zoms, Rocket doesn't believe the Badoon could be capable of such things. Vance Astro claims that in just a few years, they're going to be even more dangerous.
During an escape attempt from the Church of Universal Truth, Maelstrom leads Phyla to a cocoon hidden in one of the Church's bases. She starts to open it, thinking Adam Warlock is inside. It's not. It's Thanos.
Worthy Adversary: Played with. The Magus doesn't have a high opinion of the Guardians, constantly mocking their efforts, but he does at least acknowledge that they almost managed to stop him, and that he respects that.