Are you inferring that you're smarter than me because your head is bigger? Brainstorm:
No, I'm implying
that I'm smarter than you because my brain
What's a fast way to clue the audience into a character's super-intelligence
, either inborn or suddenly-gained? Why, give them a swollen (and often hairless) cranium, apparently housing a grossly enlarged brain. Variants include the head being fissured like a human brain, or the enlarged brain being exposed
. The head may or may not pulsate, sometimes more like a heart than a brain, and the rest of the body be comparatively weak and underdeveloped. Often related to Evolutionary Levels
or dubious experiments done For Science!
. May involve the development of Psychic Powers
if it's big enough
This is also sometimes used as a generic "alien trait" and not a specific indicator of intelligence. The Greys
are a prominent example.
While this may seem like Truth in Television
, since animals with larger brains do tend to have a higher intellect than those with smaller cerebra, it turns out that intelligence is much more complicated than that (otherwise blue whales, with brains the size of fully-grown adult humans, would be the most intelligent species on the planet). Turns out that intelligence is a function not so much of how large an organism's brain is, but how densely interconnected it is. The denser the brain tissue and the more neural pathways within an organism's brain, the higher its intellect. Obviously, however, a larger brain does have more room for such connections, but it's not as straightforward as this trope would have you believe.
See Also Forehead of Doom
, which may be used to show this in a more realistic light.
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Anime and Manga
- Void, the leader of the God Hand from Berserk is a particularly nightmarish example.
- Exedore/Exsedol's retconned form from the Super Dimension Fortress Macross universe (left out of the Robotech continuity).
- The Digimon Vademon
- Mahou Sensei Negima!:
- Yue, although her intelligence isn't shown immediately due to a serious case of Brilliant but Lazy.
- Hakase, who is also a Mad Scientist, is a more straight example.
- Guldo, the psychic member of the Ginyu Force from Dragon Ball Z. For that matter Ginyu himself has the look. And turns out to have a psychic ability of his own.
- Played the other way in Dragon Half: Damaramu has a small brain, making him not too bright. This actually works in his favor when he accidentally sticks his own Laser Blade through his head; his brain only got nicked.
- DCU examples:
- Marvel Universe examples:
- The Leader, one of the Incredible Hulk's main villains, whose Ultimate Marvel version combines this with a totally useless body. He even needs a metal frame to keep his head from snapping his neck. While other gamma radiation mutated characters had their physical strength enhanced, the Leader instead was given Super Intelligence.
- M.O.D.O.K. (a genetically-enhanced human designed as a biological super-computer) takes this to an extreme - most of his 'body' is actually his head and the power chair which holds it steady. It proves to be so intelligent that it takes over the organization that created it.
- Brainchild, the ringleader of the Savage Land Mutates. He's also short, skinny, and physically feeble.
- Uatu the Watcher. In his first appearance, his head was only slightly out of proportion with the rest of his body, but his design evolved until he was a tall skinny man whose head made up half his body mass.
- The Futurist and Alpha the Ultimate Mutant were both hyper-evolved into bighead superintelligence. This is lampshaded when they are both prisoners on an alien planet and become friends.
- Yuri Topolov, a Soviet scientist, was mutated into a big-headed dwarf and, becoming an Evil Genius, called himself the Gargoyle. Bruce Banner actually managed to cure him, though, and a grateful Topolov sacrificed himself to ensure Banner's safe return to America.
- Yuri's son Kondrati, who inherited his father's deformity (and capacity for Evil Genius), chose to blame the Hulk for his father's death, and became the villainous Gremlin. As the second Titanium Man, he died during Iron Man's Armor Wars rampage.
- Villainous telepathic mutant Mind-Scan (who, considering her usual tactic, could have just as appropriately been called Mind-Rape), in the original Guardians of the Galaxy, appears to have a red Beehive Hairdo in her first few appearances. At one point, she has to remove her wig...revealing a swollen, lumpy, veiny skull underneath.◊ Ewww.
- Reed Richards did this to himself once in Fantastic Four: 1234 by Grant Morrison. In order to defeat Doctor Doom in a 4-dimensional chess game that was threatening to destroy the Fantastic Four, Reed used his stretching powers to literally grow new structures in his brain in order to out-think Doom.
- The Mekon of Mekonta, arch-villain of the British Dan Dare comics (once the page image), specially bred to be his civilization's Supreme Scientist and ruler, exemplifies this trope with his huge head and withered body.
- An early storyline in Bongo's The Simpsons comics had most of the cast becoming superheroes; Maggie became "Brainbaby"
- DN Agents villains Ape-X and Doctor Vlasov both had huge craniums; Vlasov's was under a huge glass bubble helmet for full Squicky visibility.
- E-Man 's first foe, The Brain From Sirius, was nothing but a gigantic Brain in a Jar the size of a house!
- Appropriately, this is the appearance of Veidt's fake alien in Watchmen
- One of Charon's "ligis-bearers" in Negation has a big brain. By an amazing coincidence, he's also the team's telepath.
- Miguel Angel Martin's Brian the Brain◊.
- A curious case is Abelard Snazz, "the man with the two-storey brain◊" from 2000 AD. His remarkable brain is evident not from an oversized skull, but from two rows of eyes.
- Zodon from PS238.
- The cover story in issue 93 of Tales of the Unexpected involved this guy who invented an "evolution-devolution" ray then accidentally got caught in both beams at once, resulting in his head "evolving" into larger and more grotesque versions while his body was "devolving" into that of a prehistoric man/ape/etc. Eventually, his brain became so super-advanced that he was able to repair the broken device telepathically.
- In All Fall Down, IQ and IQ Squared had extra-large heads while they were super-geniuses. Their craniums were reduced to normal in The Fall.
- Played straight in Invincible with Angstrom Levy, after an accident left him with brains bulging out of his skull (and two more on his shoulders, though he had those removed with surgery).
- In Big Bang Comics, the Pantheon of Heroes mirrors the Legion of Super-Heroes; their equivalent of Brainiac 5 is Brain Boy, whose bald head holds a huge brain. Thinking hard enough makes it get even bigger.
- This happens to Dr. Boifard, one of the two creators of Frank Einstein, aka Mad Man, when he starts using an intelligence increasing drug of his own design. Unfortunately, this ends up in Body Horror levels when his entire head becomes a massive swollen blob of brain-tissue that needs medical technology to preserve his life and which can't communicate with anybody because his body is too weak to use his vocal cords.
- In Alan Moore's "Abelard Snazz" stories in 2000 AD, Snazz is known as "The Man With The Two-Storey Brain" (also "Multi-Storey Mind" and "Double-Decker Dome"). He does have hair on his enlarged cranium though, as well as Extra Eyes.
- This Island Earth:
- The iconic Metalunan Mutants.
- Their humanoid masters might also qualify as a more subdued example of the "super-smart" type, or possibly an inversion, as the Mutant didn't seem to be very smart.
- Invasion of the Saucer Men
- Explicitly invoked in Mars Attacks!!
- In Sky High Dr. Medulla, who teaches Mad Science, has a huge head.
- The Coneheads are extremely intelligent and have huge heads shaped like cones.
- In the 1969 movie Le Cerveau, David Niven plays the role of the master-criminal known as The Brain. While his head isn't any larger than normal, his brain is apparently so heavy that when he is stressed out, his head falls to one side.
- Megamind. One of the taglines was "It's big for a reason."
- Although we never actually see it, it's the reason for Joe Dirt 's mullet—his skull is malformed due to a birth defect, leaving a small bit of brain exposed. A hairpiece was used to conceal it, and his soft spot just kind of grew over part of the wig.
- The Time Machine (2002). The Uber-Morlock — rather than have the usual huge head, his brain extended down the neck and lower back.
- The classic 1957 B-film The Brain from Planet Arous. Needless to say it involved a giant alien brain (without any body at all), from the planet Arous. Which you can watch here if you're interested.
- Starship Troopers 3: Marauder. The huge brain bug that takes up an entire planet, "Brain of Brains," also known as "Behemecoatyl".
"The bug is big."
- In Edmond Hamilton's The Man Who Evolved, a scientist has accelerated his own evolution. Five examples are shown; first a giant human, then two cases of the trope, then a naked brain.
- Last and First Men:
- Taken to its logical conclusion where the Fourth human species were basically giant, immobile brains. They were created as the equivalent of computers, and naturally rebelled against their creators. But in an interesting subversion, having wiped out the Third species they realized that their intellectual powers were crippled by the lack of bodies and created a Fifth species that was closer to natural humanity.
- Earlier in the novel, we meet the Second human species early in their evolution, when they had evolved larger brains than the First Men (that would be us) but unfortunately hadn't yet evolved larger skulls. It basically drove their entire species insane and almost wiped them out, leaving behind only a very twisted literary corpus for future generations.
- John Carter of Mars:
- One of the books, Chessmen of Mars, gave us the Kaldanes, who look like oversized heads with crab legs and tend to travel around on rykors, creatures that look like idealized human bodies without heads. The result appears as this trope.
- In "The Giant of Mars", the novella forming the first half of the final book in the series, this trope is inverted with Pew Mogel, an Evil Genius Artificial Human, who keeps his brain elsewhere and thus has a ridiculously tiny head.
- Used horrifically in C.S. Lewis' That Hideous Strength, where the evil scientists have taken the head of an executed criminal and are keeping it alive(-ish) it to channel demonic forces; they've removed the top of the head and its "augmented" brains are bulging out over the top, pulsating under membrane. AAARGH.
- Used by H. G. Wells when he designed The War of the Worlds Martians.
- It's a plot point in Evolution's End, a 1941 short story by Robert Arthur. In a far future, humans have evolved into huge-headed, hyperintelligent and emotionally devoid beings. One of them invents a machine that accelerates evolution, tries it on some volunteers and is horrified to discover that in 100,000 years human brains will grow big enough to collapse under their weight. Also a textbook example of Evolutionary Levels.
- The Star Wars Expanded Universe has the Columi, a species with giant heads, tiny bodies, and limbs so small and useless they need hoverchairs just to move around. When Columi explorers first reached human-populated worlds, they immediately returned home in disappointment at having found no intelligent life.
- Jeeves's head bulges out slightly at the back, and Bertie believes that this is a sign of his intelligence. He also attributes the size of Sir Roderick Glossop's head, which resembles "the dome of St. Paul's", to his vast intellect: "I suppose he must have taken about a nine or something in hats. Shows what a rotten thing it is to let your brain develop too much.”
- Similarly, in "The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle," Sherlock Holmes deduces that the owner of a certain hat must be an intellectual because his head is bigger than Holmes's. "It is a question of cubic capacity. A man with so large a brain must have something in it."
Live Action TV
- The Talosians of Star Trek: The Original Series, parodied in the The Simpsons example below.
- DS9 gives us the (Never seen) Gallamite race. Said to possess brains twice the size of humans. Which is visible through their see-through skulls.
- This was one of the forms of John Crichton in the "My Three Crichtons" episode of Farscape.
- "The Sixth Finger" episode of the original The Outer Limits.
- Some second season episode of Space Cases.
- Doctor Who:
- The inhabitants of Logopolis, in the classic serial of the same name.
- In the new series, the Daleks display this trope on the occasions when we get a look inside the casing. A Dalek appears to be nothing but a brain with a single eye and some tentacles.
- In Daleks in Manhattan/Evolution of the Daleks, Dalek Sec becomes a Dalek/Human hybrid with a large exposed brain.
- Another episode has the Doctor suggest this trope while he's berating himself for missing a vital piece of information. "Ah! I'm thick! Look at me, I'm old and thick! Head's too full of stuff! I need a bigger head!"
- The Cyber-Controller in the original series has an extended dome rising from its head. (The new series Cyber-Controller has an exposed brain in a normal-sized head.)
- The Asgard from Stargate SG-1.
- Lois and Clark has Dr. "Fat Head" Mensa, who uses Ninety Percent Of His Brain
- Happens temporarily to Xander as the result of a "spell of intelligence" in Power Rangers Mystic Force. It was depicted with a fishlens effect distorting part of the actor's head instead of prosthetics.
- Invoked in an episode of the Honey, I Shrunk the Kids TV series. One of Wayne's inventions gives his son Nick the ability to absorb other people's intelligence, and the extra smarts obviously turn him into an Evil Genius. At a point, Nick reverses his dad's Shrink Ray to enlarge his brain, as he needs extra room for all the stolen brainpower.
- The Bighead tribe in The Legend Of Dick And Dom all have huge heads; their society is ordered by intelligence, and the leader's head is so big he has to have minions supporting it.
- December 1953 edition of Mechanix Ilustrated magazine. In the article "How Nuclear Radiation Can Change Our Race", Otto Binder speculated that the radiation from a nuclear war might cause mutations that could lead to the creation of a new species, Homo Superior. Among other differences, they would have brains (and heads) 50% larger than a normal human's. See the original article here: page 1◊, page 2◊, page 3◊ and page 4◊.
- Calvin and Hobbes: In one arc this is an "unanticipated physiological consequence" of the thinking cap Calvin uses to give himself an intelligence boost. Strangely, this doesn't seem to alarm his parents. Then again, they never notice anything, anyway.
- Dogbert once tried to invoke this. He ended up tying meat to his sides to fake it.
- The representative of Mensa is naturally big-brained.
- And let's not forget Brainella: the reference-librarian whom Dilbert took on a date once.
- Wally has a dream in which he mocks the Pointy-Haired Boss to his face for urging his staff to "work smarter, not harder." Wally says he never realized he could simply will himself to become smarter. "Watch me add a few brain cells right now," he says, flexing and grunting. His cranium grows, and he's suddenly able to speak Latin. Then he grows his brain some more, and decides he's too smart to work there and should be a consultant instead.
- The Far Side:
- One comic had the cops rushing into the villain's headquarters, which had your typical My Brain Is Big guy as well as some huge-bodied, tiny-headed mooks and shouting, "Who's the brains of this operation?" And here it is◊.
- In another strip, Larson inverted it, by having a student with a head half the size of everyone else asking to be excused from class because his "brain was full".
- And in another inversion, a stegosaurus lectures other dinosaurs:
"The picture's pretty bleak, gentlemen. ... the world's climates are changing, the mammals are taking over, and we all have a brain about the size of a walnut."
- FoxTrot shows us the dangers of finals week. Bonus points for Jason managing to invoke two more tropes and make a Shout-Out in a single sentence.
- Parodied in a sequence where Paige lets Jason tutor her in math. Jason shows up wearing an "external brain" hat, much to Paige's annoyance ("Your brain'll be external, all right...").
- Drabble: Drabble's father Ralph can't figure out how to turn on their new TV so he starts reading books. As a result his head starts expanding to accommodate his expanding brain. Unfortunately he gets so smart that he learns how to turn on the new TV and he loses his expanded brain/head.
- A one-panel comic had a Mensa convention with two guys enraptured with a woman's large head, and she is saying "Ahem, guys - my breasts are down here."
- Mortasheen subverts this with the Abcoulix, which has a giant brain not for purposes of intelligence, but rather for the purpose of generating electricity, as the Abcoulix was designed as an organic battery. This is played straight, however, for Krankenhyde.
- Warhammer 40,000 has Tyranid Zoanthropes which have stunted bodies with tiny vestigial limbs and a xenomorph like head with extra brain sticking out the back. It uses its psychic powers to float around and act as psionic artillery.
- Double Subverted with Orkses. Their brains are bigger but are less intelligent than humans. However, the larger ones are more intelligent than the smaller ones.
- The Columi in the first Star Wars RPG.
- Champions adventure V.O.I.C.E. of Doom. The supervillain Le Maistre has a bulging head, is highly intelligent and has psychic powers.
- In GURPS, using Brain Tissue Grafts (from the Bio-Tech sourcebook) to increase your intelligence has the side effect of giving you a bulgy forehead. For a more cinematic option, there's the Genius Machine in Warehouse 23; the higher setting replaces the user's cranium with a big transparent dome, giving others a good view of his pulsating rebuilt brain.
- Ghostbusters adventure Hot Rods of the Gods. If a Ghostbusters fires his proton pack at Meera at the same time as Meera shoots at him with the red devolvo ray, it will reverse the polarity,causing the Ghostbuster to evolve into a superior being with increased intelligence and a large head.
- Blitzkreig from Freedom Force vs The Third Reich not only has pulsing veins across his head, they glow due to his Psychic Powers.
- The Psilons (no relation) from the Master of Orion series.
- Averted in the Resident Evil series. Lickers have a large, exposed brain but while they're more intelligent than the zombies they were made from (to the point where they can follow orders), this isn't saying much.
- The Spider Mastermind and the Arachnotrons from Doom and Doom II.
- The BFB from MDK 2.
- Ratchet & Clank: Up Your Arsenal:
- Dr. Nefarious, before he was a robot, at least.
- Also, the Terachnoids from Ratchet & Clank Future: A Crack In Time ... Who actually have multiple brains. They've been voted smartest race in the universe for 3,000 years, and weakest race for 4,000 years.
- The Nihilanth. There are also similar enemies called Alien Controllers.
- Immediately subverted though: whatever that organ is, it's probably not where they keep their brains, given what they proceed to do with their heads.
- Heimerdinger in League of Legends has this in quite ridiculous proportion since he is a very small humanoid with a very large brain.
- Dr. Edgar George Zomboss in Plants vs. Zombies has a massive brain.
- In Pajama Sam: No Need to Hide When It's Dark Outside, the titular Sam can mix up some chemicals to create a potion that increases his intelligence - and his brain size, to the point that it weighs too much for him to lift his head from the table.
- Dr. Neo Cortex and Dr. Nitrus Brio of the Crash Bandicoot series fit this trope.
- Star Fox: "Only I have the brains to rule Lylat!"
- The aptly named "Cranium Rats" from Planescape: Torment have large brains partly sticking out of their skulls. They also form psychic networks when near each other. One of the sort-of Big Bads of the game is a colony of THOUSANDS of these rats, aptly named "Many as One".
- You can tell a Sectoid Commander from a regular Sectoid in X Com Enemy Unknown by looking for the following traits: 1) Their skins has an orange tint, rather than dull gray. 2) Their cranium is significantly larger. 3) They know psionics.
- Dexter's Laboratory:
- Dexter gained one of these in a dream sequence. Mandark also has this to some degree.
- Even normally Dexter's head is huge compared to the rest of his body, which in a musical retelling of his birth had him diagnosed as "clinically genius".
- The evolved mice from The Itchy & Scratchy Show episode "Planet of the Aches", in The Simpsons.
- The Lobe.
- Also subverted by Mo-Ron, an alien who turns out to be a (literally) fat-headed imbecile.
- The Brain and Snowball from Pinky and the Brain, though Brain's is a slightly less extreme design than most.
- The titular Chowder after an overdose of Brain Grub. It even stretched out his Nice Hat!
- Mojo Jojo from The Powerpuff Girls is a super intelligent chimpanzee who can speak. He was originally a normal baby chimp until a lab accident caused his brain to grow. He keeps it under a dome-shaped hat most of the time.
- Morbo is likely a parody of the "generic alien" version, although his head is shown inflating and deflating in hot weather...
- Also from Futurama: "Our calculations are always correct, for we are gigantic brains."
- And again: Braino◊, from professor Farnsworth's collection of busts of great geniuses.
- Professor Zygote of Mighty Max evolved himself into an example of this trope.
- Jimmy Neutron:
- The titular character has a large cranium.
- When Sheen gained superintelligence (and eventually Psychic Powers which made him think he was a god), he got a swelled head both figuratively and literally. Eventually it was going to split his head open.
- Super Friends
- 1973/74 episode "The Menace of the White Dwarf". The brilliant scientist supervillain Raven has an enlarged bald skull.
- In one episode a scientist turns himself into a megalomaniac "man of the future" complete with swollen bald head. He also zaps Wonder Woman with the device and she becomes his accomplice.
- The Venture Bros.:
- The supervillain Brainulo.
- Master Billy Quizboy is a subversion. While he constantly refers to himself as a "Boy Genius" and credits his intelligence to his overly large head, he's really a middle-aged little person with hydrocephaly. In all fairness, though, he's a competent surgeon and good with mechanical prosthetics.
- A few episodes of Big Guy and Rusty the Boy Robot had a giant scientist that got in the way of a particle beam and a spider (or something) that could suck out people's brains. With each brain that he absorbed, his head got bigger. Also, the company's CEO's nephew (a teenage Expy of the CEO) also got in the way of the particle beam, and received the same power.
- Dr. Badvibes from C.O.P.S.
- Charles/Brainchild from The Tick.
- Invader Zim:
- The Neo Mega sub-brood of Neosapiens in Exo Squad.
- Men In Black: The Series:
- Ben 10 and Ben 10: Alien Force:
- The super-intelligent Omnitrix aliens Grey Matter and Brainstorm respectively, have proportionally larger heads than Ben's other forms. Brainstorm can actually open the top of his head to shoot lightning from his brain as his main mode of attack, and its brain makes up something like 90% of its body.
- Fridge Logic actually makes Grey Matter more of an inversion: his eyeballs are so huge in comparison to the rest of his face that there can't be that much room for a brain left over.
- Family Guy
Stewie: I say, it appears my cranium has doubled in size!
Stewie: Good lord, Lois, either I was a C-section or you're Wonder Woman.
- Totally Spies!:
- One plot involved the villain transmitting the intelligence of Nobel Prize winners into his son. The results?
- Also the villain Margie, who had the intelligence of several geniuses transferred into her brain. But we don't see it because she keeps it hidden under a Beehive Hairdo.
- Brainchild◊ on The Ren & Stimpy Show.
- Another character named Brainchild was one of the villainous Supertroopers from Adventures of the Galaxy Rangers. His entire head was shaped like a brain.
- In Phineas and Ferb Hawaiian Vacation, Doofenshmirtz turns his De-Evolution-Inator into an Evolution-Inator and uses it on himself, causing his head to grow so huge he falls over under its weight.
- In Cranius Maximus, Baljeet wears a thinking cap that increases his intelligence. When the cap comes off◊, his brain has grown to a huge size (although it returns to normal in a few seconds).
Buford: Oh! Oh! Oh, that is so gross! But it's kind of awesome...
- An episode of Aqua Teen Hunger Force revolves around the Aqua Teens' attempts to defeat Wayne "The Brain" McClain in a sports bar trivia contest. Results in My Skull Runneth Over.
- In The Penguins of Madagascar, Kowalski invents a device to make himself smarter, and it gives him an inflated cranium. Unfortunately, not only is the effect temporary, it actually deflates his head entirely, leaving him a dimwitted pinhead.
- Lactose the Intolerant from Sam & Max: Freelance Police. Subverted when Max lobotomizes him into submission.
- Yugopotamians on The Fairly OddParents, of the "generic alien" variety
- Happens to Dagget in The Angry Beavers after ingesting a potion that was supposed to make him stupider. It didn't work because he was ''already'' pretty stupid to begin with.
- Happens to Skeeter during an Imagine Spot in "Doug's Brainy Buddy" because Doug didn't understand any of his attempt to explain Kant's A Critique of Pure Reason, and also it never occured to him (or anyone else) that Skeeter was that smart.
- Cybron from Skysurfer Strike Force complete with glass dome head. Only the brain is cybernetic and stolen from his old job, an A.I. lab.
- The Leader◊ from The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes, much like his comic book version. Notably, in his first appearance he's exposed to gamma radiation at the moment of his defeat, enlarging his brain further to the point he can't stand up.
- Occurs in one episode of CatDog where Dog becomes super-intelligent. And Cat's brain shrinks to compensate.
- This has been the cause of much dispute among the scientific community about whether or not size really does matter. On one hand humans have a larger brain than most of the world's creatures, then again, so do sperm whales and elephants note .
- Women on average have smaller brains than men, but they make up for it with denser neuron distribution. Proportionate to body mass, there's little difference between men's and women's brain mass. Especially when you exclude fatty tissue (which women have more of due to breasts being almost entirely fat, and which don't contribute much in the way of sensory input for the brain to process) from the body mass.
- Subverted by Neanderthals: While they had a brain size comparable and even slightly larger that those of modern humans, the shape of the skull was quite lower that ours, and the visual effect was the opposite of this trope.
- An old theory credits this trope with why the Industrial Revolution occurred in Europe. Since Europeans are outsized by the Xhosa, Buryats, Iroquois, Eskimos, and Mongols, it's obviously long since been discredited.
- The Corvidae, crows and ravens have brains the size of a walnut, yet are almost as intelligent as the great apes. Which just shows that the Brain/Body ratio is a lot less reliable when applied to non-mammals. (Also, why you shouldn't say "bird brain" to mean "stupid".) Birds use different brain regions for "thinking" than other creatures, so you really can't judge them by the size of their frontal lobes.
- The brain has to process the sensory input from the whole body, and elaborate an appropriate motor response. Seeing that cell size and cerebral cortex structure don't change with body size, and that larger animals have quite a bunch more of sensorial structures; the brain has to be larger and with an even more folded surface just to process the incoming information. Doesn't take away the fact that Hominids, Elephantids, Delphinids or Corvids have larger than expected brains and extensive processing areas.
- This is often a consequence of hydrocephalus, which is caused by cerebrospinal fluid being prevented from draining out of the brain. This enlarges the ventricles that normally hold the fluid and pushes the rest of the brain outwards. If it occurs during development, the skull enlarges to accommodate the larger brain. However, the buildup of pressure actually compresses the brain tissue and in severe cases can cause mental retardation.
- Conan O'Brien, who self deprecatingly refers to his "big fat Irish head" studied history at Harvard and wrote a thesis on the use of children as symbols in the works Of William Faulkner and Flannery O'Connor.
- In his book The Dragons Of Eden, Carl Sagan notes that the species with large brain-mass to body-mass ratios tend to be those that most biologists think of as the most intelligent. Then again, this is based on subjective perception (scientists still disagree about how to measure animal intelligence), so another possible interpretation is that humans are subconsciously Wrong Genre Savvy.
- Research has shown that people with autism can have as many as 60% more neurons in their brains than most people. A major theory is that the "pruning" of excess neurons that normally occurs in development goes awry, leading to an overburdened and disorganized system.
- To an extent, a big brain helps a species of smaller mammals (below 10 kg or so) avoid extinction when the environment changes, according to a study reported in an article in Nature.