The man always looks down on everyone else.
Evolution, in reality, is a giant amalgam of changes over time caused by stressors or preferential mutations.
In fiction however, it is much more likely to be divided into neat little sections that correspond to various levels. In many cases, there will be a direction that evolution is moving toward
, generally ending at Energy Beings
or the Ultimate Life Form
. The Evilutionary Biologist
's end goal is to move humanity up to the next level.
Very frequently overlaps with Goal-Oriented Evolution
, but the two should not be confused. The distinction is that Goal-Oriented Evolution
, simply implies that evolution is deliberately moving towards a certain goal
. Evolutionary Levels, is when evolution is subdivided into separate levels, with or without an eventual stopping point of evolutionary superiority.
When it's one animal, or evolution is more like a metamorphosis, that's Evolution Powerup
. You can move forward and backwards along the various levels with the aid of a Devolution Device
(any thing where you can only move backwards because forward won't work because evolution hasn't been decided yet, is likely doing that rare instance of averting Goal-Oriented Evolution
Subtrope of Hollywood Evolution
. See Intelligent Gerbil
for the way animals always evolve into sentient humanoids. See A God Am I
for one end result of sufficient hopping through Evolutionary Levels. See Ascend to a Higher Plane of Existence
for another. For super power inheritance, see Lamarck Was Right
and Superpowerful Genetics
. For cases where one jumps levels through use of technology or magic, see Transhuman
. And when each generation is on a higher "level" than the previous one, get ready for some Goo Goo Godlike
action. For villains using this, see The Social Darwinist
, Evilutionary Biologist
, Evil Evolves
and anyone who believes in Goal-Oriented Evolution
. Sometimes, a creature may have LEGO Genetics
to skip up the steps. In some depictions this trope can be Truth in Television
when outside events affecting evolutionary pressure cause evolutionary changes so quickly that the fossil record can't keep up
The Ultimate Life Form
is at the top of these levels.
Note that there *is* a legitimate evolutionary theory termed "punctuated equilibrium" which says that a species may remain unchanged, in an unchanging environment, for many generations, then experience a sudden, sometimes dramatic, change, triggered by a change in the environment. (For example, a species of deer may be perfectly suited to the island it has lived on for centuries, but when a volcano erupts next island over and the less hardy plants die off, tho deer best able to switch to the remaining plants will be the ones to survive and reproduce, becoming a new species in a relatively short time.) The resulting new species are not "better" or "more advanced," only more adapted to the new environment than the previous species was.
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Anime and Manga
- GaoGaiGar: Guy Shishio and his girlfriend Mikoto are transformed at the finale of the series into Evoluders, which is stated as the pinnacle of human evolution. As shown by Guy in the later OVAs, Evoluders are able to run as fast as a bullet train, are incredibly strong, can fly, and can survive in the vacuum of space thanks to a nifty green aura they can generate.
- Mobile Suit Gundam: Newtypes were originally written as the next stage of human evolution, but later series distance themselves from this concept. The finale of Gundam X explicitly debunks the notion; it is, however, set in an alternate universe to the majority of the series featuring newtypes, and doesn't use the term "newtype" in the same fashion as them, so whether this holds for the other series or not is questionable.
- This trope is humorously subverted in Mobile Suit Crossbone Gundam: when several people that believed rather heavily in newtypes being the next stage of human evolution are shown newtype monkeys, they don't take it well.
- Mobile Suit Gundam 00: The Innovatorsnote appear to play the trope straight, with the minor difference that the "evolution" was not entirely natural: it requires the person to be exposed to GN Particles, which do not occur naturally on Earth. By the series' Distant Finale, set 50 years after the conclusion, it is stated that fully 25% of humanity have become Innovators, with the implication that eventually the entire human race will have metamorphosed.
- Mobile Suit Gundam AGE: The X-Rounders are said to be an inversion of the concept. Rather than being more advanced, their powers come from tapping into more bestial, instinctive areas of the brain that modern humans no longer use.
- Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann: As a form of Goal-Oriented Evolution, the humanoid shape is considered the best for using "spiral energy" making humans themselves the top level.
- Black Jack: A mid 90s movie featured groups of people who had developed incredible and highly advanced abilities in a variety of fields, including athletics and art, used the "next stage" terminology. They developed extremely dangerous side-effects also, and it was eventually revealed that, apparently, limited exposure to chemicals found only in a remote desert migrated across the world and advanced certain individuals by accentuating their natural and pre-existing talents.
- Devilman Lady by Go Nagai: The reasoning behind humans suddenly transforming into monsters in the anime adaptation is that they are flukes in the first stages of humanity's next evolution and based on the transformee's talents and personality (e.g. a talented swimmer grows gills and scales, someone with severe A God Am I might become an angel, etc.) The main character is a frail young model that represses all 'inappropriate' feelings, thoughts, and urges. She transforms into a violent, muscular demon with no inhibitions.
- Hunter × Hunter: The chimera ant queen transfers the "most worthy" DNA of whatever she eats to her progeny, resulting in every batch of eggs giving more powerful (and human-like, since humans are the best food) ants than the last, culminating in the King being the supreme being.
- Getter Robo: A major theme, since the energy that powers their Humongous Mecha is the spirit of evolution itself, or taken another way, the embodiment of life/survival itself.
- Elfen Lied: The Diclonius. Well, probably. Maybe. The conspicuously nameless government agency claims they're our evolutionary superiors, genetically programmed to take over the earth in cold-hearted genocide. The protagonists quickly find out that, at least, they're not cold-hearted at all.
- One of the ideas in Stardust Memories is that evolutionary levels are contagious on a mass scale—if a world has primitive life, and it's visited by humans, that primitive life will rapidly evolve to fill all evolutionary niches required in order to produce human-like creatures. Unfortunately, it may hit an evolutionary dead end during the attempt . . .
- Extended Definition in This Ugly Yet Beautiful World basically rockets the organism in question to Ultimate Life Form status in an extreme form of survival instinct.
- Dragon Ball Z of all things has a possible aversion, although it's likely a case of Accidentally Accurate. When Majin Bu first appears, and hasn't yet revealed his true power, Vegeta mistakenly believes it's a case of Cant Keep Up, in which he was previously the strongest in the universe, but has fallen behind. He states that Saiyans have "evolved" since Bu's time. By sheer dumb luck this happens to be correct, because Freeza did indeed eliminate the vast majority of the Saiyan gene pool, leaving only a few who were capable of becoming Super Saiyans.
- Marvel Comics
- X-Men All mutants comics dub mutants "homo superior", the "next step" in human evolution. A long-established but seldom-mentioned trait of Marvel's mutants is that they're a little tougher than a normal human of the same frame. E.g., In her solo comic, Dazzler mentions that one of the advantages of being a mutant is that she doesn't get tired as quickly as normal people, and the old Marvel-based Role-Playing Game gave all mutants + 1 level in the Endurance stat.
- Mr. Immortal, who is so evolved that he's not just "homo superior", he's "homo supreme".
- Excalibur: One issue (written by Chris Claremont) says that all mutants are just a bit more in every department. Nightcrawler, for example, healed from his broken leg a bit faster then a regular human would. Nightcrawler doesn't have healing powers, he's just That Awesome because he is a mutant.
- A more modern-age interpretation is a little closer to real biology: the radical mutations present in mutants aren't always going to make them "superior"; in fact, it seems the vast, vast majority are, in fact, Blessed with Suck
- Sometimes, Galactus is said to target worlds at the "apex of their evolution" to devour. For evolution to have an "apex", it has to be a finite process with multiple levels, and a highest, "best" level.
- The Kree, one of their subplots involved them being "unable to evolve" and needing Half-Kree Hybrids to further their "evolution", suddenly turning the whole race into the "self-evolving" Ruul.
- DCComics' Captain Comet is supposed to be the next stage of human evolution ("born a hundred thousand years before his time!") In the New 52, his "species" is called Neo Sapiens.
- DC Comics also has a villain named the Ultra-Humanite, whose very name suggests this trope. Unusually for an "advanced human", he's not physically frail at all. Rather, he combines Super Intelligence with Super Strength, as he has a superhumanly intelligent genius' brain in the body of a super-strong white gorilla. However, he had his brain transferred into that body, so he's closer to Grand Theft Me than Perfect Life Form.
- Interestingly, this trope was subverted in Valiant Comics. Harbingers have Stock Superpowers and are regarded by people who know they exist as the next step in human evolution. However, they are not actually physically different from the rest of the human race. Their powers derive from elevated levels of activity in their brains that give them psionic abilities. It is in fact possible for ordinary humans to manifest Harbinger powers through the use of brain-stimulating cybernetic "Psi-Borg" implants.
- She by H. Rider Haggard: The climax has the title character take another bath in the life-giving flame, which takes away her youth. Her dying form is described as being like a monkey. Darwin's theories had only recently entered the public consciousness when the book was written and the whole story is about the fear of "devolving" since people were scared that it might work backwards at the time.
- Odd John by Olaf Stapledon: The titular character is one of a new species of supermen who happen to be born here and there around the world at roughly the same time. This story is apparently the origin of the term "Homo Superior" for such beings.
- Last and First Men by Olaf Stapledon: After leaving a dying Earth and settling on Venus, humanity goes through eighteen stages of evolution, each adapting to their unique environment. For example, the dwarf "Ninth Men" who are limited by size due to excessive gravitation, the flying "Sixth Men" who live a harsh existence competing their seal-like relatives, and the "Tenth to Seventeenth Men" whose sentience reemerges after the "Sixth Men" civilization crumbles into savagery.
- "The Man Who Evolved": The whole premise of Edmond Hamilton's 1931 short story. In the story, a man uses a modified form of radiation to evolve himself in minutes. In the end, he eventually evolves into protoplasm, since, for some reason, evolutionary levels apparently go in a cycle.
- Hamilton liked the idea that radiation caused evolution, since he took the implication to be that worlds without radioactive elements would have little to no evolution. "Devolution" takes another approach to the same problem: the highest form of life to ever exist is a kind of alien bacteria that forms a benevolent Hive Mind. All life on Earth is descended from some of that bacteria that was stranded here, but evolution has weakened rather than strengthened us, costing us our unity.
- In Robert E. Howard's "The Hyborian Age", the Back Story to Conan the Barbarian, the fall of the Atlantis produced devolution:
Among the forest-covered hills of the northwest exist wandering bands of ape-men, without human speech, or the knowledge of fire or the use of implements. They are the descendants of the Atlanteans, sunk back into the squalling chaos of jungle-bestiality from which ages ago their ancestors so laboriously crawled. To the southwest dwell scattered clans of degraded, cave-dwelling savages, whose speech is of the most primitive form, yet who still retain the name of Picts, which has come to mean merely a term designating men — themselves, to distinguish them from the true beasts with which they contend for life and food. It is their only link with their former stage.
- Arthur C. Clarke's Childhoods End: The book is fundamentally about most of humanity evolving beyond their corporeal forms into a mass consciousness and merging with a universal psychic gestalt. (If this sounds familiar to anime fans, Hideaki Anno has cited the novel as a major inspiration for Neon Genesis Evangelion.) The story also features the Overlords, alien creatures that are an evolutionary cul-de-sac of sorts, who are apparently unable to achieve this level of evolution for some reason.
- 2001: A Space Odyssey: The series discusses the "evolution" of the Sufficiently Advanced Aliens who brought The Monolith to Earth. Read literally, it's an example of this trope, but is actually a case of a species reaching a point technologically where they can perform Brain Uploading into machine bodies and then finally turn themselves into Energy Beings — self-directed evolution rather than natural.
- In The War Against the Chtorr, it's stated that since Chtorran lifeforms have a billion-year evolutionary head start they have a massive advantage over Earth lifeforms.
- Discworld: The God of Evolution's personal project, the creature he's been working to perfect for centuries: the cockroach.
- Another Discworld example: In Carpe Jugulum, Lord Magpyr refers to fairies and Igor as evolutionary cul-de-sacs, although he was probably just being arrogant and mean, rather than making any thoughtful judgments on their place in the world.
- Parodied in Tomorrow Town by Kim Newman: one of the claims made by the futurists who have set up shop in Tomorrow Town is that they have evolved beyond their 1970s contemporaries, or 'yesterday men' as they are called. Like most things to do with their "futopia", they're quite, quite mistaken.
- One theory for the Weaver race's origins, as mentioned in Perdido Street Station, is that normal spiders were subjected to occult forces that bumped them up several Evolutionary Levels, from mindless bug-eaters to something akin to an Ultimate Life Form.
- In Edgar Rice Burroughs's Caspak trilogy each individual begins as tadpole like creatures and slowly evolves over its lifetime until it reaches its proper niche where it stops. The one exception are the humans at the peak of this ladder, some of whom have reproduced the normal way.
- Justified in Angel Fire by Andrew Greely, because the discovery of evolutionary levels in fruit flies was presented as a Nobel-winning breakthrough rather than evolution-as-usual.
- In the Tunnels series, in the novel Spiral, the Styx are said to be on a higher evolutionary level than humanity.
Live Action TV
- The Missing Link, who hailed from Parts Unknown, had a green and blue painted face and a few unconnected tufts of hair. He never spoke beyond an occasional grunt or roar.
- Magic: The Gathering: The Slivers seem to be an insectile species that have evolved the ability to evolve faster and share genetics through some sort of psionic link, resulting in not just momentary changes to genotype but also phenotype when two different varieties are in proximity. In addition, some flavor text references Evolutionary Levels. The Ghostflame Sliver, for example, seems to be a reference to the common misunderstanding of the punctuated equilibrium theory, as they are "on the cusp of evolution", but it's most notable in the Sliver Overlord, which declares it the end of evolution. Then again, the Slivers evolve so quickly partially by devouring other life forms and adapting their advantageous genes to their offspring, grow rapidly to adulthood, are semi-sentient, act in concert, and are almost virus-like in their ability to infest, consume, and spread rapidly, so it might just be an intimation that the Slivers will kill everything on the planet, halting evolution permanently.
- Marvel Superheroes Role-Playing Game: Among the list of powers available to players, some sort of "Hyper-Evolution" power that lets a hero shift up and down along their "evolutionary path," generally affording them the ability to "devolve" into cave-man form (temporarily lower their intelligence to raise their strength) or "evolve" into frail but hyper-intelligent (and possibly psionic) "future" form. The write-up for the "Evolution" power in MSH even lampshades it: "This is comic book evolution, people, the kind where super-strong cavemen eventually evolve into giant brains with vestigial limbs."
- Mutants & Masterminds took it a step further with their version of the "super-evolution" power, with five "phases": a barely sapient mass of corrosive protoplasm, a strong feral caveman, a modern day human, a physically atrophied big headed genius, and a being of pure psychic energy. Suggestions are also given of putting dinosaurs somewhere in the middle, revealing exactly how serious the whole idea is, which is absolutely not.
- Played With in the Forgotten Realms game Pages from the Mages: The spell "Evolve" changes a normal animal into an intelligent and more or less human-like form. The punchline is that glorified name aside, the spell just permanently transforms the target halfway to its caster (presumed to be a human smart enough to use a 8-level spell), using his own blood sample(!) as a component.
- Warhammer 40,000: The Tyranids avert this. While they "evolve" at a hyper-accelerated rate (accomplished by devouring entire biospheres, then using the material to spawn custom-creatures) most of these creatures are short-lived, and allow their superiors to devour them once they've served their purpose. It's bizarre and science-fictiony, but the sheer fact that it's portrayed as being generational makes it closer to Real Life evolution than most of the examples on this page.
- Command & Conquer: Kane believes Tiberium holds the key to the next stage of human evolution. However, this is closer to actual evolution; rather than just being more powerful, the Tiberium mutants in the series are more capable of surviving in the Tiberium-infested regions of the world (about 90% of it). Strangely, Nod still considers the mutants abominations.
- E.V.O.: Search for Eden: In each chapter, you start as a "basic" version of whatever the chapter is about (fish, amphibian, reptile, mammal), and you gain "evo points" by eating other animals, which you can then turn in to alter your body parts. Oh, and whenever you evolve a body part, you get the helpful message "MYSTERIOUS TIME STREAM EVOLVES YOU." Also, occasionally (say, when you're a reptile or mammal and have to do a water stage), you'll get the message "CHANGE IN CIRCUMSTANCES CAUSES EVOLUTION", followed by your character's feet becoming fins. Even if you're a mammal, or a bird.
- Genetos: This game follows the evolution of the shmups genre from when Space Invaders first crawled out of the primordial soup of the arcade cabinets, to it's modern Bullet Hell form. Each stage is a different evolutionary level, and your ship collects DNA and advances with it. This trailer illustrates it clearly.
- Franchise/Pokémon has over 700 different creatures in it, and the number of Pokémon without an "evolved" form decreases with every generation. Some Pokémon even have a forked path of evolution, most notably Eevee, which, as of Generation VI, has 8 choices for evolution.
- Occasionally pops up in Shin Megami Tensei games. However, not all demons will evolve, and those that do demand they have learned all of the moves they can and reached a certain level. Once they do, they will ask the summoner if they are allowed to evolve; in most cases, Mythology Gag is invoked as part of Shown Their Work (Setanta evolves into Cú Chulainn in Nocturne, for instance, and the Angel evolves into Archangel, who himself evolves into Power and so on until Cherub in IV). Older Persona games have the Mutation mechanic, randomly allowing certain Personae to evolve into secret ones in the same fashion.
- Spore: E.V.O. with better graphics.
- Super Robot Wars: Alfimi was created to be the "apex of human evolution".
- Mass Effect 3: the Catalyst claims that merging all organic and synthetic life is the 'next step in organic evolution'.
- In the "Reptile Pod" briefing file in Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Huey says that the basic functions of the brain evolved "when our ancestors were still reptiles. ... Well, only at one stage of our evolution." Given that it's 1974 and Huey is not a biologist, it's reasonable that he would fall into this trope.
- The main character of Vib-Ribbon will "evolve" from a rabbit to a fairy if she successfully clears enough obstacles in a row. If she misses a certain number of obstacles in a row, however, she will "devolve" into a frog, and then into a worm.
- The Simpsons: An overly long couch gag sequence features the evolution of Homer. This starts with single-celled organisms, then goes from jellyfish to fish to lizard, rodent, monkey, ape... and finally to the modern Homo sapiens before showcasing several historical eras ending in modern Homer walking into his house. This showcases the supposed evolutionary levels misconception. And subverted for Rule of Funny; he meets Moe on the way who walks in the opposite direction... and devolves.
- Futurama: Parodied.
- The characters find the lost city of Atlanta, in which the human inhabitants have evolved into mermaids. When Bender points out that this should have taken millions of years, the mayor's daughter explains that the caffeine from the Coca-Cola bottling plant sped things up.
- After being Un-Canceled, the Professor accidentally creates evolving robots, who evolve much faster than organisms. Within a few days, they go from microscopic plankton-esque lifeforms to murderous trilobites to dinosaurs to cavemen to modern humans to Energy Beings.
- Earthworm Jim: This was Bob the Goldfish's schtick. He tried various schemes to evolve himself into a higher form of life, in one instance using a contraption that stole "Evolutionary Energy" from other creatures, turning people into apes & Princess Whatshername into a ladybug & such. He evolved from a goldfish... into a goldfish. Despite the fact that Bob himself had claimed evolutionary superiority before, he was very unhappy with this outcome.
- In Ben 10: Ultimate Alien, the Ultimate forms are from the Ultimatrix's "Evolution" function which the Omnitrix lacked. All There in the Manual explained that the Ultimate forms are computer simulations of what the species would be like after millions of years of having to survive a programmed worst-case scenario. The actual DNA the Ultimatrix uses is temporarily changed to match the simulated DNA.
- The Transformers are said to have slowly evolved over the eons (as stated in part two of Desertion of the Dinobots). Apparently Giant Robots can do that.
- Which is from the G1 continuity. In other continuities they were created by Primus, their god. Meaning that even Transfomers can argue about creationism vs. evolution....