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Comic Book: Alpha Flight

"We're the Canadian Football League of superhero teams! (Except, of course, our best heroes don't go to the U.S. and join the Avengers) But if supervillains ever threaten Campbelltown, New Brunswick, you'll be glad we're here!"
Marvel Year in Review 1993

Alpha Flight is a fictional superhero team published by Marvel Comics, noteworthy for being one of the few Canadian superhero teams. Created by comic book writer/artist John Byrne -who is himself Canadian- the team first appeared in Uncanny X-Men #120 (April 1979). It's considered an X-Men spinoff even though they're more like Canadian Avengers. Throughout most of its history, the team has worked for Department H, a fictitious branch of Canada's Department of National Defence that deals with super-powered persons. Most team members have distinctly Canadian attributes, such as Inuit or First Nations heritage. Their name refers to the three levels of training that team members undergo- Alpha, Beta and Gamma- with Gamma Flight being the least trained and Alpha Flight the best. The other flights tend to act as sidekicks for Alpha (though one version of Gamma Flight went rogue.)

The team was originally just a part of Wolverine's backstory; he left Alpha Flight to join the X-Men. Their first appearance was an attempt to force him to return, during which a fight ensued. They proved popular with readers and after a second appearance in the pages of X-Men in 1983, Byrne launched an eponymous series featuring the group, which continued until 1994. Three short-lived revivals have been attempted since, the most recent titled Omega Flight, in April 2007. Most infamously, the entire team was killed off in one panel just to set up how dangerous The Collective, a new Avengers foe, was.

Notable members of the team include:
  • Guardian/Vindicator (James MacDonald Hudson), a scientist and later, his wife Heather, wearing a suit of Powered Armor with Canadian nationalistic motifs.
  • Sasquatch (Walter Langkowski), another scientist with the ability to turn into a superstrong monster form (named after another word for 'bigfoot').
  • Shaman (Michael Twoyoungmen), a Magical First Nations with a pouch that could provide a lot of magical objects.
  • Snowbird, an Inuit demi-goddess who can transform into an albino female version of any animal.
  • Aurora (Jeanne-Marie Beaubier) and Northstar (Jean-Paul Beaubier), Half-Identical Twins with flight, Super Speed and the ability to generate intense light when they touch.
  • Box (Roger Bochs), a robot suit of armor that could carry its pilot inside (and thus a 'box'; his friend and eventual successor, Madison Jeffries, is a technopath who can turn into the robot himself)
  • Puck (Eugene Judd), a Pint-Sized Powerhouse and Badass Normal, though it was later retconned that he had superhuman strength and skin like compressed rubber, as well as inhuman agility and reflexes (named after a hockey puck—he's small, fast, and hard).

The original team's dead members were resurrected during 2010-11's Chaos War, and the reunited team has an eight-part maxiseries in 2011-12, tying into Marvel's Fear Itself event. It was boosted to be an ongoing, but Marvel pushed it back to an eight-parter after sales dropped off.


This book contains examples of:

  • The Ace: Heather Hudson. She not only possesses an above average intelligence, but is also a decent leader (despite having virtually no previous experience when she first started) as well as quite a bit of power thanks to her Guardian and Vindicator suits.
  • Angst: And lots of it after Guardian was killed in issue 12 of the original series. Heather's guilt because she felt she killed Mac eventually led to her putting on his suit and training herself to use it. She then called herself "Vindicator" for a short time, as Mac did for a while before Puck persuaded him to change to "Guardian."
    • Northstar resented Heather trying to take Guardian's place. Especially at first, when she assumed the helm under Puck's recommendation despite the fact that she wasn't even a Badass Normal. This put her in danger too much, which led to more angst and eventually the decision to put on the suit.
  • Animal-Themed Superbeing: Sasquatch fits the Mythical Monster Motif type while Snowbird fits the All Animal Abilities type.
  • Animorphism: Snowbird's best-known ability is to turn into an albino female version of any animal. Her favorite is a human-sized owl.
    • Note that's it's actually any animal native to Canada. This includes Sasquatch.
  • Back from the Dead: Mac was killed in the first year of Alpha Flight and not resurrected until seven years later.
    • After Chaos War, all dead members of Alpha Flight are back.
    • Like a Badass out of Hell: Puck, who apparently died somewhere between the return of his dead teammates and the start of the new series. He went to Hell, and teamed up with Wolverine to escape, but only Logan managed to get out, while Puck slayed demons who imprisoned him and took his place. And upon learning his teammates may be in trouble, he immediately gave it up to return and save them.
  • Bigfoot, Sasquatch and Yeti: Sasquatch
  • Body Backup Drive: The handicapped Roger Bochs has a robot body called Box which he can transfer into and out of at will. During one story arc when Walter Langkowski (Sasquatch) dies his consciousness is transferred to Box until they can find him a new body. They think they found one out in the interdimensional crossroads, but it turns out that it's Incredible Hulk. Langkowski decides to let his soul dissipate in the crossroads.
  • Body Horror: Scramble the Mixed-Up Man used his powers to create these, the last of which was Omega, a fusion of himself and Roger Bochs. It was just... messy.
  • Body Surf: Related to the Body Backup Drive above, how Sasquatch came back; his consciousness found a way to access Shaman's medicine pouch Hammerspace from the crossroads, where he entered the mindless, shrunken body of Smart Alec. After escaping the pouch, he transferred to Box again to help Alpha Flight fight off Pestilence (who'd reanimated the recently-deceased Snowbird's body, which was stuck in Sasquatch form). Electrocuting Pestilence out of Snowbird's body drained Box, but allowed Walter to make one more jump into Snowbird's body (see "Freaky Friday" Flip below).
  • Boisterous Bruiser: Puck.
  • Braids, Beads and Buckskins: Shaman and Yukon Jack.
  • Brainwashed and Crazy: The premise of the fourth series is that the entire nation of Canada has been brainwashed to serve the Master of the World and his Unity political party. By the end of the series, everyone is de-brainwashed... except, unfortunately, Heather, who flew off to parts unknown, and it'll probably be years before anyone gets back to what she's up to.
  • Brother-Sister Team: Northstar and Aurora in their first appearances. They had identical powers and generated a blinding light upon physical contact. This was subverted when they fell out early in the book's run, causing Aurora to redesign her costume and even had her geneticist boyfriend Sasquatch alter her powers to further distinguish her from her brother. As a result, she isn't as fast (the difference between Mach 5 and Mach 2, but still), but can generate light on her own in addition to other abilities that seem to come and go with her multiple personalities.
    • Sasquatch and Aurora's personality were also kind of an item at the time. So as a Take That to Northstar, whom Sasquatch considered an impediment to a full-blown relationship with Aurora, he changed the "touch-to-make-bright-light" power into "touching-cancels-both-your-powers-out." Which, of course, neither Northstar nor Aurora knew about until they touched during a battle.
  • Canada, Eh?: Given a Lampshade Hanging during the crapload of "unrealities" shown in the 34th issue of What If?.
  • Captain Geographic: Guardian and Vindicator always had this going on, though the entire original team plays up some aspect of Canadian culture: Mac, Heather, and Puck are from Ontario; Marrina's from the Atlantic Coast; Northstar and Aurora are from Quebec (with Northstar being a former separatist); Snowbird's from the Northern Territories; Shaman represents the First Nations; and Sasquatch is from British Columbia.
  • Clothes Make the Superman: Mac Hudson's original Guardian suit (which Heather used during the first series) was electromagnetic. After he came back, Heather was given her own suit that had geothermal powers (at which point she took the name Vindicator).
  • Coming-Out Story/Very Special Episode: Northstar's coming out surrounded a baby girl with AIDS, from which the original Major Mapleleaf's son died, but because he was gay he didn't become a media darling like Northstar's adopted daughter. In all honesty, the story suffers from bad dialogue and worse art, but it still made history when Northstar became Marvel's first openly gay hero.
  • Conspiracy Redemption
  • Cool Old Guy: Centennial, from the second revival.
  • Cool Shades: Heather's near-sighted, and normally wears glasses, so when she takes leadership of Alpha Flight, she dons prescription shades in the field. She adds them to the rebuilt Guardian suit when she first becomes Vindicator. Between the first and second series, Heather gets laser eye surgery, but after a few missions in the geothermal suit, she brings back the Cool Shades to protect her eyes from the wind.
  • Corrupt Corporate Executive: Jerome Jaxon, who sought to sell his subordinate Mac's original armor (designed to burrow underground in search of mineral resources) as a weapon to the U.S. military; when Mac steals the armor and takes his control helmet (which he designed in college) to the Canadian government, Jaxon is ruined, and after being Driven to Suicide only to fail, manages to join up with evil Mega Corp. Roxxon and seeks revenge against Mac by forming the original Omega Flight.
  • Darker and Edgier: The second and fourth series attempt to make Alpha Flight EXTREME. The second series in particular was a case of "Follow the Leader" by turning the book into an X-Files clone, if
  • Diabolus Ex Machina: The first Guardian's death was unwittingly caused by his own wife. After a particularly nasty fight with a supervillain, his suit goes into meltdown and he has to disassemble it, like, fast. At the last second, Heather barges in the room, distracting Mac. Kaboom.
  • Disappeared Dad: Shaman lost his wife. His response? Abandon his six-year old daughter for ten years.
  • Dropped a Bridge on Him: The entire classic team had just been resurrected plus the two most beloved members of the third series before The Collective killed them in one panel.
  • Election Day Episode: #1 of the 2011 Alpha Flight series is set during the Canadian Federal Election. The winning party is the fictional Unity Party, whose leader quickly turns out to be Prime Minister Evil.
  • Escape Battle Technique: The original Guardian armor could cancel out the effects of the Earth's rotation, causing it to instantly move westward at the Earth's rotational speed (about 1,000 miles per hour). This allowed the armor's user to essentially vanish from combat in the blink of an eye.
  • Excuse Plot: The whole idea of Walter Langkowski going "fishing" for a new body for himself in the interdimensional crossroads (so he wouldn't have to stay in the Box robot, denying the paraplegic Roger Bochs his mobility and himself the physical pleasures of his girlfriend Aurora) was an excuse to bring the Hulk, who'd been tripping through the crossroads in his own book, back to Earth. It also just happened to coincide with John Byrne leaving Alpha Flight to write The Incredible Hulk, as Bill Mantlo came over from Hulk to write Alpha Flight.
  • Face-Heel Turn: Heather Hudson and Purple Girl
  • Fantasy Kitchen Sink: Alpha Flight's members and enemies were always a blend of Badass Normals, mutants, aliens, robots, magical beings, and so on. There were times when the team's membership was mostly mutants and its enemies mostly magical, but it was always an interesting blend.
  • Fish People: Marrina the poor little fish girl.
  • Flanderization: Ever since joining the X-Men, Northstar has been portrayed as arrogant and snobbish, completely ignoring years of character development over the course of Alpha Flight where he actually became a likable team player.
  • Flight: This is one of Northstar and Aurora's main abilities. Snowbird is also able to fly in her base form and in a few of her animal ones too. Guardian and Vindicator are also able to fly using their respective supersuits.
  • Flying Brick: Vindicator and Guardian are this while wearing their supersuits. Madison Jefferies and Roger Bochs also became this while fused with the Box robot.
  • Fragile Speedster: Notably averted with Northstar and Aurora. It was explicitly stated that the faster they moved, the tougher they became in turn. The two were able to dish out rapid fire punches that caused even the Incredible Hulk pain.
  • "Freaky Friday" Flip: Walter Langowski is the king of getting stuck in other people's bodies. He starts out turning into a big orange Sasquatch. When it turns out that this form is actually an evil spirit, his soul gets shoved into the Box robot. After a search for a new flesh-and-blood body brings the Hulk back to Earth instead, Walt consigns himself to the interdimensional crossroads. He eventually finds his way to the pocket dimension of Shaman's medicine bag, only to eventually emerge in Smart Alec's shrunken body. From there he surfs into Snowbird's white Sasquatch body (sort of), which incidentally gender-bends him into a Wanda. Eventually, he gets his own gender and coloration back with help from Snowbird's spirit.
  • Fusion Dance: The Switcher version. Sasquatch originally thought he was turning into a furry beast after replicating The Hulk's gamma-ray incident, but it turned out he was switching bodies with the dark god Tanaraq, whose mind was slowly taking over. Of course Snowbird had a bad feeling about the whole thing from the start, but nobody listened to her until she had to kill him in what was one of the coolest fights in the book. It wasn't until after he got better that he was able to finally shapeshift on his own. How? It's a long story.
  • Gender Bender: Sasquatch's stint as "Wanda" Langkowski.
  • Genius Bruiser: Sasquatch, both a radiation expert and a high-level powerhouse. Puck had elements of this too, especially once he got a power-upgrade to lift upwards of ten tons.
  • Hand Blast: The Guardian suit grants this power to its wearer, allowing them to fire bursts of plasma at their opponents.
  • Jerk with a Heart of Gold: Northstar
  • Legacy Character: The second Puck from the mid-2000s revival, a sprightly Asian-Canadian girl with super-strength, who was the daughter of the original.
  • Lighter and Softer: The third series is laugh out loud comedy.
  • Magical Native American: Shaman and his daughter Talisman.
  • Man in the Machine: Originally, Box was a remote-controlled robot, but it was altered to allow its paraplegic creator, Roger Bochs, to physically join with it. It later played host to the spirit of Sasquatch, and then became a variable-form mech with Madison Jeffries.
  • Meganekko: Heather Hudson.
  • Misplaced Wildlife: Snowbird's animal shapeshifting was initially limited to animals native to Canada. During a fight where she is rendered unable to see, she mentions that she could use a bat's sonar, but was unable to since bats do not live in Canada. Except that they do.
  • Monster Modesty: Marrina is a rare female example since she's a non-human wearing a skimpy one piece swimsuit. Sasquatch fits this trope in a way. Despite being an educated gentleman, he "wears" a fur loincloth and nothing else.
  • Morphic Resonance: Snowbird's animal forms are always albino.
  • Names to Run Away From Really Fast: Scrambler. Also Deadly Ernest.
  • Nice Guy: Major Mapleleaf, often to the point of naivete.
  • Not Blood Siblings: Marrina was raised alongside a (normal human) adoptive brother, Dan Smallwood. In his few appearances it was established that Dan was in love with his sister. Unfortunately for him, his love was unrequited.
  • One Robot Army: Madison Jeffries as Box; his ability to morph inorganic materials allowed him to reconfigure the Box robot into virtually any configuration he could think of, basically making him an unlimited-form Transforming Mecha.
  • Remote Body: In early issues Handicapped Gadgeteer Genius Roger Bochs had a robot called Box that he control with a neural interface helmet.
  • Scarf of Asskicking: Notably averted. Aurora would wear a scarf with one of her more revealing costumes during winter/arctic missions. However, the blue scarf visually clashed with the white-and-yellow costume and, more than once, a villain attempted to use the scarf to strangle her.
  • Sharpened to a Single Atom: Nemesis carries a sabre whose blade is only a single molecule thick.
  • Split Personality: Aurora. Whooo boy. At her least complicated, she is split between a free-spirited Femme Fatale who loves her mutant powers and being a superhero ("Aurora"), and a stuffy schoolmarm who would rather lead a quiet life teaching and is religious to the point of bigotry against her own brother Northstar ("Jeanne-Marie"). However, villains who treat this as a weakness learn not to make that mistake twice. Once Jeanne-Marie conceded to helping Alpha Flight, her unique perspective came in handy a few times, and she had energy powers that even Aurora was unaware of.
    • Originally, Jeanne-Marie couldn't access Aurora's powers at all, not that she wanted to. However, by the time the "Unity" storyline comes around, Jeanne-Marie is able to access Aurora's powers and use them quite easily. It's also revealed that the split personality came from abuse while she was a student in a parochial school.
  • Straight Gay: Northstar, despite looking like a beautiful elf most of the time. Helps that he wasn't actually able to come out on panel until the 90s.
  • Super Strength: Sasquatch originally possessed this in spades, to the point where he once fought the Hulk for fun! Snowbird has this in both her base and Sasquatch forms, while Puck gained superhuman strength after his powers were retconned. Vindicator and Guardian also gained enhanced strength while wearing their suits. Madison Jefferies and Roger Bochs also possessed superhuman strength while fused with the Box robot.
  • Take Our Word for It: Very deliberately invoked by John Byrne when, early in the first series, Puck mentions his adventures fighting the "Brass Bishop", with an editors note pointing out that this adventure has yet to be chronicled. Whether Byrne ever intended on writing said adventure is anyone's guess. It would take almost a decade for other writers to avert the trope and actually pen a "Brass Bishop" story.
  • Team Mom: After Mac's apparent death, Heather was chosen as the new leader for this very reason, even though she was still a civilian (she didn't become Vindicator till later).
  • Third Line, Some Waiting: Fish girl and Newfoundlander Marrina spent more time in her own subplot than on the team. Most readers know her better as an honorary Avenger and Namor's wife whom he had to kill when her alien powers spiraled out of control.
  • Took a Level in Badass: Heather, when she became Vindicator (and later taking the name Guardian). Even when her husband, the original Guardian came back, he acknowledged that she had built up more experience using the suit than he did.
  • UST: Wolverine with both Snowbird and Heather. However, both ladies figured legitimately into his backstory before Wolverine Mania started getting out of hand. Heather helped calm him down after the adamantium procedure, while he and Snowbird shared a mutual attraction during his time on the team.
  • Wearing The Maple Leaf As Your Costume: While Guardian (and later Vindicator) wore a unique battle-armor based on the Canadian flag, the entire team would later adorn similar Maple Leaf-themed costumes in the early-to-mid 90s.
  • Winter Royal Lady: Snowbird.
  • Wonder Twin Powers: Northstar and Aurora both possessed the power to fly and run at superhuman speeds that they could use independently. However, the two could also generate a powerful burst of light whenever they touched. This ability was lost for a long while, but the twins eventually regained a more refined version of it later on.


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alternative title(s): Alpha Flight
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