"Remember Terra Firma on Election Day because Terra Firma remembers you!"Made-up political parties appearing in fiction. Political parties are a common occurrence to be found in just about any democracy. Individuals sharing similar ideologies and opinions band together to try and win elections and promote a political agenda that best serves the interests of people pertaining to that ideology and, if you're lucky, other people as well. Likewise, democracies in fictional works with prominent political themes will typically be comprised of such parties which reflect the issues and opinions which characterize the political climate of a story's setting. Most often these are parties promoting only a single issue, but the Fictional Political Party can be used in a variety of ways to enrich the political environment of a fictional world. On one hand, this trope can be played seriously as it can be a reflection of people's attitudes towards the events or backstory that shape the setting; such examples may be viewed as a "realistic" political ideology that may exist had the extraordinary events in the story's world been something that occurred in the real one (and may not be all that different from Real Life party platforms ideologies, after all). Then on the flip side of the coin, the political parties in a work may be used to show that the democratic system in this society is incredibly flawed or a huge joke. Similarly, a fake party may be a stand-in to critique a Real Life political agenda or party, at which point such a group is likely to be used as a Strawman Political for an Author Tract. In other cases, the party itself may be based on ideas or concepts that are impossible (or pointless) to politicize in the democratic process, such as disorganized chaos or voter apathy, for the sake of comedy. Occasionally, a story taking place in a Future setting may suggest that two or more Real Life political parties from the present day will have combined into a single party, for example, "The Republocrats." For added humor, combine two modern day parties with conflicting ideologies, like the "Traditional Progressive Party." Likewise, an Alternate History story may rewrite political history, suggesting that a party developed a similar yet different platform, compared to their actual counterpart, or even suggesting that major parties fizzled out while minor ones became big players long after they had disbanded in the real world. See Also: No Party Given, Strawman Political, and A Nazi by Any Other Name.
— Charles Saracino, Mass Effect
open/close all folders
Anime And Manga
- The Anti-Earth Union Group from Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam started out as a pro-space rights political party. It was only after the Titans gassed a colony that they decided that political lobbying wasn't going to cut it, armed themselves, and became La Résistance. They still continue their lobbying at Earth Federation summits, though. They dissolve following the end of the First Neo-Zeon War, their objectives having been accomplished.
- In Judge Dredd, the only democratic freedom allowed to the citizens of Mega-City One is the election of the city's Mayor, a very minor role that serves as a liaison between citizens and Justice Department.
- When the election campaign for Dave the Orangutan was covered in the story arc, "Portrait of a Politician," every social clique was shown to have formed its own political party and running its own candidate, many of which would kill each other in mob riots leading up to the election. Named parties include the Apathetic Fringe (who don't care about any issues), the Young Norms (presumably an anti-mutant lobby), the Lib-Lab Flab Party (presumably a Liberal-Labor party amongst the Big Meg's morbidly obese population), the Uglies (just ugly people), and the All-Out-War Party (a group of Bomb-Throwing Anarchists). When the All-Out-War Party starts stirring up trouble, Dredd gives them exactly what they want.
- The "Day of Chaos" storyline features a few new ones, including the Reactionary Progressives, Simping Party, Democracy Now!, Liberal Conservatives, and Illiberal Progressives. The leaders of the latter two later decide to marry in order to pool their support, forming the Illiberal Liberal platform.
- In 2000 AD's Robo-Hunter, the robots on the planet one story takes place on have built a government full of political parties. Since the robots are actually controlled by a genius dictator robot, the government robots are utterly insane and spend most of their time arguing and trying to push pointless agendas.
- A one-shot short that Alan Moore wrote for 2000 AD called "Chronocops" (imagine "Time Travel meets Dragnet") saw the main characters travel to a not-too-distant future Great Britain where one man handing out fliers encourages people to vote for "the Lab-Con Alliance" as the only way to defeat the Social Democrats, suggesting that the center-left Labour Party and the center-right Conservative Party with highly conflicting party platforms have somehow become a single party.
- Howard the Duck ran for President in 1976 for the All Night Party with the slogan, "Get Down, America!"
- In Superman comics, President Luthor represented the Tomorrow Party...well, to be precise, he founded the Tomorrow Party at a press conference where announced that he was running for President, but "not as a Democrat or a Republican, because both their ideas are too old." While the books didn't elaborate too much on the party's politics, what we saw during Lex's initial declaration of candidacy and in the months after he was elected indicated that the party's politics were probably centrist, with conservative viewpoints on fiscal issues and liberal views on social issues. Lex's platform also apparently contained a pledge to move towards renewable energy and to put technological innovation at the forefront of his platform. In the first few months of his presidency, Lex also "passed the most sweeping education reform in American history," but it was left deliberately vague as to what exactly those reforms were (which is probably for the best, seeing as how any type of education reform tends to be extremely contentious in Real Life).
- The Tomorrow Party seems to have dissolved after Lex's fall from power. Word of God says that in the months after Lex's fall when Vice President Pete Ross was left to run things, Pete had to deal with massive political fallout from Lex's fall. As of the DC: Decisions storyline, featuring Republican and Democratic Party candidates in danger, there was no more mention of the Tomorrow Party.
- Captain America featured a Presidential Candidate who started the Third Wing Party. It was all part of Red Skull's latest evil scheme.
- Norsefire from V for Vendetta. In the film, the party came to power after a democratic election. In the graphic novel, they come to power in the chaos following an apocalyptic nuclear war, but Alan Moore models them as a Fictional Counterpart to the British National Front.
- Transmetropolitan has "the reigning party" and "the opposing party", which depends on who the President is.
- Bloom County gave us the Meadow Party, which the main characters formed each election year and seemed to rely more on political double-speak and good publicity than actually, you know, taking a stand for anything. It ran presidential candidates in 1984 and 1988 and lost both times.
- In the Swedish comic James Hund, the eponymous protagonist was accidentally registered as the main representative (and only member) of the "Blank" Party (It started out as a badly written complaint regarding a missing lumber shipment). This results in every blank vote going to his platform instead of being disregarded. A few weeks later James was very surprised to find he was supposed to attend parliament, or that he held a massive majority.
- Cerebus the Aardvark:
- An election in the city-state of Iest between the Republican Party (a pseudo-theocratic, pro-democracy and nationalist faction) and the Devotionalist Party (which seeks to keep Iest economically dependent on its neighbor Palnu). Both parties are a front for Astoria and Lord Julius to gain power in Iest.
- In New Sepra, there is mention of Cirinists (militant feminist), Kevillists (less militant feminist), theocrats, Sepran Empire loyalists and "anarcho-romantics".
- Bait and Switch (STO):
Eleya: My heart bleeds. I voted straight-ticket Labor.
- A passage in From Bajor to the Black mentions a few Bajoran political parties, the Socialists, Nationalists, and the Conservative Association. In 2401 the Socialists and the Conservatives together outvote the Nationalists to shut down the Bajoran Militia Space Arm on budgetary grounds.
- In "Past Continuous" the Nationalists are responsible for organizing anti-Federation, anti-Klingon protests against the use of Hathon as a temporary forward operating base against the time-shifted Jem'Hadar occupying Deep Space 9.
- There's a very brief mention of Federation national political parties in A Voice in the Wilderness. In response to a remark that President Aennik Okeg's poll numbers have crashed:
- For All Nails, a fan continuation of For Want of a Nail, continues the book's use of this trope:
- In the Confederation of North America, the Peace and Justice Party ultimately splits apart due to a schism between its moderate and radical wings. The former becomes the Reform and Justice Party, which allies with the People's Coalition, and the latter becomes the Masonist Party (named after the PJP's founder), which becomes a fringe party.
- The German Empire's internal politics have their own significant plot line, so we get a comprehensive look at their political parties. The biggest are the dominant Germany Party (the main drivers behind the empire's expansion) and the main opposition Democrats (who want to turn the empire into a federation), but there are numerous smaller parties — the Liberals, the Socialists, the Peasants Party, the Nationalists (right-wing), the Polonia Party (which represents the empire's Polish population), the Bohemia-Movaria Party (regional representation), and the Bloc Francais (which represents the empire's French citizens).
- A significantly long storyline taking place in Victoria (alternate Kenya) features the country's own politics as well — the dominant Victoria United Party (center-right, mild focus on white supremacism), the Conservatives (far right, definite white supremacism), the Democrats (center-left), the Liberals (far left), and the All-Citizen's Party (left-wing, focus on equality for black citizens). There was also the Victoria National Congress, which was a radical black supremacist group, though it was eventually outlawed and became a terrorist group.
- It's shown that after the Global War, Britain came under control of the National Renewal Party, a right-wing group determined to restore Britain's dominance on the world stage.
- At the end of their stalemated war with the British, New Granada are made to hold free elections for a new government. The dominant party is the Pasanos, supporters of New Granada's King Ferdinand, with the only real opposition being the democratic Republicanos. There are three other parties mentioned as running — the Venezuela Libre, the Jeffersonistas, and the Partido de Granadinos Unidos — but all three are considered as jokes, due to being seen as Les Collaborateurs from the war, radicals unpopular outside rural areas, and a shill for the Pasanos, respectfully.
- Timeline-191: After the End has a lot of this going on:
- Like in Timeline-191 itself, the United States' political spectrum is dominated by the right-wing Democrats and left-wing Socialists, with the Republicans as a minor third party only relevant initially in the Midwest. However, it later expands thanks to the new states added from Canada, the former Confederacy, and the Caribbean, eventually becoming a major centrist counter-balance to the other parties.
- After Mexico overthrows its imperial government and (eventually) transitions to democracy, it is dominated by the (ironically conservative) Liberal Reconstruction Party. The Socialist Party of Mexico eventually emerges as serious competition, however.
- In Britain, an alternate Labour Party runs most governments following the Second Great War, though the Progressive Liberal Party eventually gains prominence.
- The Russian Republic's main political party post-revolution is the Socialists, with their initial only competition being the Communists, who eventually fade away to nothing. But then real competition comes from the conservative Justice and Prosperity Party, the Orthodox Church-backed Renewal Party, and the Russian Ecological Party.
- The Democratic Party of China has autocratic control of the country for decades after its liberation from Japan, but eventually loosens control and starts facing serious competition from the Ecological Party of China.
- Following the collapse of the Japanese Empire and chaos of the Japanese Civil War, most of the Home Islands become the Japanese Workers' Republic, run with an iron fist by the Syndicalist Party. Later on, though, the Japanese Ecological Party emerges as an underground movement opposing some of the Syndicalists' control.
Film — Live-Action
- In Death Race 2000, Frankenstein runs over "The Deacon of the Bipartisan Party" for 50 points. Apart from both running and sponsoring the eponymous death race and having religious figures in positions of power in the party, not much is known about this party's platform or political views.
- In The Purge, the annual "Purge Night" holiday was established after the rise of a political party calling itself "The New Founding Fathers".
- 1932 satire The Dark Horse features the Progressive and Conservative parties facing off in a gubernatorial campaign. Oddly, the Republicans and Democrats apparently exist in some form in the movie's universe, as Progressive nominee Zachary Hicks is mentioned in one line of dialogue as having dinner with both of them.
- In The Red by Mark Tavener features the Reform Party, which was an actual 19th century UK party. In the book it still exists in the 1990s and is similar to the Lib-Dems at the time, claiming to exert a "moderating influence" on the main parties (when in fact it exerts no influence at all). Their slogan is "You Know Reform Government Works," but the Lemony Narrator says that no one does unless they remember 1903. By the end of the book they've become a major player, after their leader not only helps catch a murderer, but gives the most impressive speech of his career (his speechwriter accidentally left the Dictaphone on while having sex; this was dutifully typed up and handed to him).
- The Star Wars Expanded Universe details a very diverse political climate with a very large number of different political organizations and movements all across the galaxy. Some are parties that involve themselves in the local affairs of a single planet; others try to make an impact in the Galactic Republic or New Republic. Among them...
- During and around the time of the Prequel Trilogy, the two main factions in the Galactic Republic are the Separatists, led by Count Dooku, who wanted to leave the the Republic and see that it was disbanded, and the Loyalists, led by Senator Palpatine, who wanted to remain with it; as we all should know, this eventually led to the rise of the Galactic Empire.
- Also, before the Clone Wars, the Republic had two factions in the Senate. The Core Faction was liberal, supportive of trade tariffs, and made mostly of humans. The Rim Faction was conservative, anti-tariff, and made up of non-humans. During the election alluded to in The Phantom Menace, Bail Antilles represented the Core Faction, Ainlee Teem represented the Rim Faction, Palpatine was independent, and Valorum was just fighting for his career; every faction had abandoned him.
- The Rights of Sentience Party is a party in the New Republic that grew out of a lobbyist group with a similar aim, to protect the rights of sentient species.
- The True Victory Party was a political party comprised of radical Bothans who wished to continue ar'kai (i.e. "genocidal warfare") against the Yuuzhan Vong.
- The POWER Party (that's Preserve Our Wild Endangered Resources Party) of the planet Telos IV was an organization created in opposition to the Telosian government granting a Mega Corp. control over the planet's national parks and sacred lands for the mining of resources, which the POWER Party believed should be illegal. Except it had only one member, two if you count the supporting thief.
- Following the Continuity Reboot that accompanied the release of the Sequel Trilogy, we find that the New Republic Senate is divided between two informal factions — the Centrists, who believe in a dominant central government and military, and the Populists, who believe in the individual sovereignty of the Republic's member planets.
- During and around the time of the Prequel Trilogy, the two main factions in the Galactic Republic are the Separatists, led by Count Dooku, who wanted to leave the the Republic and see that it was disbanded, and the Loyalists, led by Senator Palpatine, who wanted to remain with it; as we all should know, this eventually led to the rise of the Galactic Empire.
- In the Star Trek Novel Verse, the Parliament Andoria is split between the Visionists (who are conservative and somewhat isolationist), and the strongly pro-Federation Modern Progessive party (liberal). On planet Mestiko, meanwhile, there's the Payavist Inward Party, which objected to alien interference in the world's rebuilding following the "pulse" disaster. It eventually overthrew the Zamestaad government in a coup (see Star Trek: Mere Anarchy). Finally, on Kropasar, the two major parties are named "Agreement" and "Consensus".
- Some of the non-canon earlier novels also mention the Revanche Party on Cardassia, who are militarists who want to restore the glory days of Cardassian power. After the Dominion War there is Alon Ghemor's Reunion Party, which seeks to restore the original foundations of the Cardassian Union.
- The Industrial Radical Party in the Steam Punk story The Difference Engine, who believe in scientific endeavor, industrial progress, and meritocracy, appointing peerages to "savants". Lord Byron is Prime Minister. So yeah.
- The "Clean US Party" (CUSP), led by crooner Johnny Gentle in David Foster Wallace's Door Stopper Infinite Jest (set 20 Minutes into the Future relative to the early 1990s, or in other words, about now). The party is deeply, deeply concerned with keeping the United States "clean and tight" (as President Gentle puts it), to the point of dumping ridiculous amounts of toxic waste in a part of New England so that they can give it to Canada (and thus not be in the US anymore). Yes, it's that kind of novel.
- Nineteen Eighty-Four brings us 'Ingsoc', normally referred to simply as 'The Party' after they've long since gotten rid of the competition, forming a totalitarian regime. Judging from what little history we can discern, they were originally a very left/communist party which formed in Britain or Europe, eventually succeeding in revolution. Their communist beliefs about social equality were all just a sham, or have long since become one- the only thing The Party wants is power.
- There are two similar parties controlling the rest of the world, Eurasia apparently following Neo-Bolshevism; whilst Eastasia follows a philosophy "called by a Chinese name usually translated as Death-worship, but perhaps better rendered as 'Obliteration of the Self'".
- Harry Turtledove's Timeline-191 series has the Freedom Party, a counterpart to the Nazis set in Confederate America. "Freedom from blacks", that is; after a black communist uprising, they decided that slavery wasn't going far enough. Prior to the rise of the Freedom Party, the two main political parties in the Confederacy were the Whigs and the Radical Liberals.
- In the same series, the United States' two main parties are the right-wing Democrats and the left-wing Socialists, with the centrist Republicans as a minor third party that draws most of its support from the agrarian Flyover Country states. Party colours are also different (as they are Newer Than They Think in real history) with the Socialists using red, the Republicans using yellow, and the Democrats using red, white and blue together due to Patriotic Fervour.
- In Stephen King's The Dead Zone, Greg Stillson forms the America Now party after he gets into the Congress as an independent. He's obviously based on John Birch Society-style right-wingers, though.
- Honor Harrington:
- Manticore alone has the Centrists (Chiefly pragmatists), the Crown Loyalists (who believe that an empowered monarch is a good thing to counter the aristocracy and currently allied with the Centrists as the Queen supports them), the Liberals (socialists), the Progressives (vaguely liberal, but chiefly opportunists), the Conservative Association (Conservative and seeks to maintain the power of the aristocracy), and the New Men (Opportunists, even more so than the Progressives).
- The newly reformed Republic of Haven is also rapidly developing several, such as the Constitutional Progressives (Eloise Pritchart's Party), New Democrats, New Conservatives, and Corporate Conservatives, though the politics aren't as elaborated on.
- The Talbott Constitutional Convention develops two political parties - the Constitutional Union Party and the Constitution Liberal Party. The only difference is that the latter (who are actually more akin to the Manticoran Conservatives) seeks to preserve the Cluster's autonomy. They claim to be preserving local customs and liberties, but what they really want is to preserve their own local power bases, without worrying about things like the Manticoran Constitution's stronger protections for civil liberties.
- The German young adult book Machtspiel by Andreas Schlüter features a politician of the 'Freie Soziale Demokratische Union' (Free Social Democratic Union), a combination of the names of the 3 most important parties in Germany.
- In Norman Spinrads Bug Jack Barron, Jack becomes the Presidential Candidate of both the left-wing Social Justice Coalition and the Republican Party, and stands against “Teddy and his ghosts” of the Democratic Party.
- In Perdido Street Station, New Crobuzon's Parliament is controlled by the Fat Sun party, and also includes MPs from the anti-xenian Three Quills, pro-xenian Diverse Tendency and idealistic/eccentric Finally We Can See parties.
- The city of Haven, from Simon R. Green's Hawk & Fisher novels, is feuded over by Conservative and Reform blocs, with minority factions representing merchants' Free Trade, the militant/religious Brotherhood of Steel, and Lord Sinclair's personal No Tax On Liquor agenda (a.k.a. the Who's For A Party? party).
- In the Alliance/Union verse, Union has several. The big two parties are the Centrists (named because they want to concentrate on centralized investment in the already developed systems of Union) and the Expansionists (who want to grow and expand into new systems). There are also smaller, extremist & single issue parties. Those mentioned include parties limited to a single space station, the Abolitionists (who advocate banning human cloning), and the Hawks (pro-military party who want to reclaim Alliance space).
- Several Poul Anderson stories feature a "Libertarian Party", dating from long before the actual party of that name.
- An interesting example is Robert Silverberg's Tower Of Glass, where a sort of counterpart of Libertarians is called the "Witherers", because they supposedly stand for the withering away of the state. Of course, that does not keep them from fighting elections.
- In E.E.Smith's First Lensman, the party system in North America is the Cosmocrats and the Nationalists.
- In Mack Reynolds' Trample An Empire Down, bored dolees set out to undermine the establishment by openly mounting the Subversive Party, whose slogan is "What's In It For Me?" It succeeds beyond anyone's wildest dreams (or nightmares).
- The planet Astrobe in R. A. Lafferty's Past Master has a bewildering array of parties, encouraged by its intricate voting system. These include the Hatrack Party, the First, Second and Third Compromise Parties, the Unreconstructeds (humans only, no robots), the Esthetics, the Anesthetics, and a splinter calling themselves "Local Anesthetics". At one point, Thomas More finds himself being interviewed by The Crank, a one-man "party" who managed to slip between the cracks.
- In the Star Carrier series the Terran Confederation Parliament is officially non-partisan, but that doesn't stop unofficial party-like voting blocs from developing. One named early on is the Conciliationists, who hope to work out a negotiated peace with the Sh'daar who are slowly overrunning the Confederation. The fourth book focuses more on Earth politics and names several inside the United States of North America, such as the Freedomists who want the USNA to at least maintain as much autonomy from the Confederation as it can, if not secede altogether (making them something like an American version of the UK Independence Party).
- There's a smattering of fictional parties in For Want of a Nail, an Alternate History where the American Revolution was crushed and in place of the United States of America are two rival continental powers, the United States of Mexico and the Confederacy of North America:
- The CNA starts off with the (Unified) Liberals and the (National) Conservatives, but in the decades after the Industrial Revolution, the Conservatives are eclipsed and eventually absorbed by the social democratic People's Coalition. And then the end of the book's timeline sees the post-Global War rising of the anti-war Peace and Justice Party, with speculation in-universe that it might do the same to the Liberals.
- The USM starts off with the small-government Liberty Party and the expansionist Continentalist Party. However, after the collapse of the Hermion dictatorship that they were part of the rise of, the Continentalists dissolve and reform as the United Mexican Party, which is basically the same product with a different wrapper. For a brief time, there was also the radically anti-Anglo/anti-big business Workers Coalition, which eventually transformed into the guerrilla terrorist organization the Moralistas. And finally, there's the Progressive Party, which is just part of the facade of democracy that Colonel Mercator eventually sets up over his own dictatorship (after banning the established parties) near the end of the book's timeline.
- Dave Barry Slept Here pities the fact that Teddy Roosevelt and his Bull Moose party lost in 1912, because otherwise it "might have started a whole new trend of giving comical animal names to political parties, and today we might be seeing election battles between the Small Hairless Nocturnal Rodent party and the Stench-Emitting Ox party, and this country would be a lot more fun." Previous chapters mention Presidents being elected with the support of the Anal Compulsive Party, the Party to Elect Presidents with Stupid Nicknames and the Let's Elect Presidents with Comical First Names party.
- A Song of Ice and Fire: The Free City of Volantis features two big parties who compete for one of the three ruling chairs (Triarchs) of the city. The "Tiger" party pulls for military expansionism, while "Elephants" are mostly moneylenders who want to build trade relationships. The latter has been consistently more popular for quite some time, as the Tigers have never elected more than one of their members as Triarchs for nearly 300 years.
- Domina: There are two sets of political parties.
- The primary parties of the city are mostly based on how to deal with outsiders, and are named after famous individual trees; Iluvatar (isolationists), the Great Banyan (diplomatic expansionists), Kongeegen (social Darwinists), and the Granit Oak (imperialist expansionists).
- The parties of the Atlantean merfolk are Naiads (free traders), Nereids (isolationists), and Oceanids (unionists).
Live Action TV
- A Saturday Night Live sketch during the campaign season for the 1996 US Presidential Election was modeled as a Larry King Live broadcast giving Third Party candidates the opportunity to voice themselves in the media. Along with Ross Perot and the Libertarian nominee, opinions were also heard from the Totalitarian Dictatorship Party and the Female Circumcision Party.
- Monty Python's Flying Circus has an "Election Night Special" sketch, covering the 1970 UK General Election. All elections are mainly contested by two parties, the Sensible Party and the Silly Party; the Slightly Silly Party and Very Silly Party both vouch candidates in a few districts as well.
- There was also a "Party Political Broadcast on behalf of the Wood Party", in which the Minister giving the broadcast fell through the Earth's crust.
- They also had a Party Political Broadcast on behalf of the Norwegian Party. Reasons given to vote for them include Norway's high per-capita income, a 14% industrial re-investment rate, and girls with massive knockers.
- During The Daily Show's coverage of the 2000 Presidential Election, host Jon Stewart once claimed that the Green Party was the result of a joint rally for the Yellow and Blue Parties held during a rainstorm.
- The episode "Dish And Dishonesty" from Blackadder the Third uses these in a parody of British election conventions. After the constituent of rotten borough Dunny-on-the-Wold (consisting of nothing more than a tiny plot of land, many farm animals, and only one voter) suddenly died, Prince Regent and Blackadder decide to run Baldrick as their own candidate and tip Parliament in their favor. Baldrick runs on behalf of the "Adder Party," a name that becomes much more appropriate when it turns out that Blackadder was both the borough's Returning Officer and lone voter after both died in freak "accidents." Other fictitious parties on the ballot included "Keep Royalty White, Rat Catching And Safe Sewage Residents' Party" and the "Standing at the Back Dressed Stupidly and Looking Stupid Party" (whose party line stands for "the compulsory serving of asparagus at breakfast, free corsets for the 'under-fives,' and the abolition of slavery").
- The Finnish TV comedy series Ihmisten puolue is about the eponymous fictional party ("Humans' Party"). The party in question has little detectable ideology, being composed of a small group of individuals that bicker about everything.
- When Mr Gribble from Round the Twist runs for the Senate in the second series, he belongs to the fictional (in Australia) "Progressive Conservative Party," who have the same party colour (blue) as the real-life Liberal Party.
- One episode of Most Extreme Elimination Challenge saw Republicans vs. Democrats vs. Third Party; the majority of the "third parties" named are made-up, including the Brown Party, the S&M Party, the Wiccan Party, and GILF.
- Yes, Minister primarily uses No Party Given—but when the results for Jim Hacker's constituency are announced in the first episode, Hacker is wearing a white rosette, a color affiliated with no actual British party (white is normally used for Independents). Wild Mass Guessing on the part of fans variously put Hacker with a revived Liberal Party or a new Centre Party of the type proposed by several people in the late seventies. Notably in the series Hacker sometimes talks about the Conservatives and Labour as though they are both rivals to his own party.
- Spooks featured the British Way Party, who were a Fictional Counterpart to the real-life British National Party.
- On Adam Ruins Everything, Adam explains how gerrymandering works using the Yellow Party and the Purple Party.
- GWAR's album War Party centers around a political party (named "The War Party") that supports policies dedicated especially to the eradication of the human race through global war and hatred. The party's symbol is said to be the "Krosstika," a combination of the Christian cross and the Nazi swastika, representing "two great hates that hate great together." According to GWAR lore, the political party has since disbanded.
- The BBC Radio 4 sitcom Party is all about a small, nameless, unsuccessful party run ineptly by a handful of bickering students.
- In Shadowrun, the U.S. still has Republicans and Democrats, but they share the political stage with the Technocrat, Archconservative and New Century parties. Cross-party alliances, and campaign tickets, are common.
- In Underground by Mayfair Games (published in 1993), the U.S. in 2021 is dominated by two political parties, the Plutocrats, founded by H. Ross Perot (the movement that would become the Reform Party in the real world), which had the position that whatever is good for the rich is best for the entire country, and the Republicrats (a centrist union of the Democrats and Republicans which generally exists to oppose whatever the Plutocrats want). European politics are dominated by the ARC Party run by the Church of Happyology, which runs the European Union as a single-party dictatorship.
- The Way of D'era: The Romulan Star Empire, a supplement for the Star Trek The Next Generation Role Playing Game by Last Unicorn Games, lists four Romulan Senate political parties (called coalitions): the Jaridannote , the Nej'aharnote , the Jol Tannote , and Sukethnote .
- Mass Effect introduces the Terra Firma Party, a human political party that mainly seeks to oppose humanity's involvement and integration with the rest of the galactic community, believing that humanity needs to stand on its own if they're to remain strong. Commander Shepard (as well as his/her squad mates) can comment and give his/her opinion on what he/she thinks of such a platform, and the player can choose whether or not Shepard endorses the Terra Firma Party or Take a Third Option and tell them that the regs prohibit Shepard from endorsing political candidates.
- Major parties of Mega-Primus Senate in XCOM Apocalypse are Not So Different rivals Extropians and Technocrats.
- In the Government Procedural Hidden Agenda, the Banana Republic of Chimerica is divided between the right-wing Popular Stability, the moderate Christian Reform, and the leftist National Liberation.
- Dragon Age: Origins: Codex notes found in the Circle Tower speak of political groups (referred to as fraternities) within the Circle of Magi. The largest ones at the time are the Loyalistsnote , the Aequitariansnote , the Libertariansnote , the Isolationistsnote , and the Lucrosiansnote .
- In BioShock Infinite, the sole political party in the floating city of Columbia is called the "Founders Party", promoting a far right-wing agenda rooted in American Exceptionalism, racism, and a narrow-minded view of Christianity.
- Tales of the Questor has the Open Traders (OP's) and Expansionists (XP's) , for context the Seven Villages hid themselves from the rest of the world behind a swamp and a Mistwall a century ago. Now they're running out of natural resources and there's disagreement as to what they're going to do about it. In this case, the Open Traders want to encourage open trade with humans to get the resources they need. On the other hand, the Expansionists, citing the common fears based on the unpleasant history of Racconan/Human relations and want to gradually expand the fog barrier surrounding their land and take the human lands for their own.
- Back in 2000, Llewelyn of Ozy and Millie ran for President on the People With Nothing Better To Do ticket. Despite his deliberately absurd platform, he comes surprisingly close to winning.
- The United States of the Global Guardians PBEM Universe is a land where the Democrats and Republicans still win the greater majority of elections, but the country cannot be said to still be a two-party nation. The Green Party isn't the joke it is in the real world, and has split the liberal vote with the World Voice Party (whose major policies center around equal rights for all sentient creatures). On the conservative side, the Tea Party has split from the Republicans, and the New Horizon Party (an even-more-ultraconservative party who publicly says their policies are "humans first," but they define "human" as "WASP").
- In Decades of Darkness, the major parties of the United States are the Democrats and the Patriots, who are later replaced by the Unionists, and the major parties of the Republic of New England are the Federalists, Radicals, and Republicans.
- Something Awful's 2012 election results for the fictional American city of Shaggy Butte is filled to the brim with these. A truncated list of some of the more absurd (funny) ones:
- Atheist String Theorist Party
- Coot Reform
- Crime Island Syndicate
- Christian Prayer Warriors for Israel
- Mommy Bloggers United
- Titanic Survivors
- God's Freedom Riders
- Eye of Ra Party
- Proud Bedwetters
- In AlternateHistory.com TL A Giant Sucking Sound, the premise is Ross Perot winning the 1992 election. When his attempts at bipartisanship fail, he creates the Freedom Party, a mix of centrist and center-right politicians, political radicals, and others dissatisfied with the two-party system. Its recruits include Democrats Paul Tsongas, Jerry Brown, Joe Lieberman, and Howard Dean; former Republicans John McCain, Warren Rudman, and Arlen Specter; libertarians like Ron Paul and L. Neil Smith; independents like Bernie Sanders, Angus King, and Jesse Ventura; radicals and activists like John Hagelin, Ralph Nader, and Al Sharpton; and other celebrities like Jello Biafra, Donald Trump, and Jon Stewart.
- In the alternate history timeline Reds, as the TL develops, new political parties form, but usually out of existing political parties. And the parties that have the same name tend to have diverged in radically different ways to become In-Name-Only versions of their OTL counterparts.
- In the present day, the American major parties, from the political right to left, are:
- True Democrats: the designated traitor party. The drain trap that catches everything that won't accomodate to the revolution, becoming the mirror image of Western communist parties in our world.
- The Democratic-Republican Party: The resident mainstream right-wing party, although mostly center-left in Real Life. It's a catchall for the progressive political center- they approach socialism from a mutualist note perspective. They favor markets and limited property relations. Ron Paul serves Secretary-General (chief of staff and second-in-command). Think a communist American version of IRL libertarians.
- Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party: the former left-wing of the Democratic Party, they approach socialism from a christian perspective, and are largely left-wing nationalists.
- Communist Labor Party: the former center and right-wing of the Workers' Party, they place a greater emphasis on Marxism, support a more statist economy and are largely centrist on social issues.
- Liberation Party: the left-wing splinter from the Workers' Party, founded as Liberation Communist Party. They're Left Communists note who want to push foward the world revolution and have a strong libertine streak.
- Social Ecological Union: Greens, with libertarian marxist and social anarchist wings. The Champions of environmental diversity and stability, the SEU qualifies as far-left by any standard and generally supports full worker control over the economy. Party leader Alix Olson is the current Premier of the US.
- In the present day, the major parties of the Franco-British Union, from the political right to left, are:
- People's Alliance/Alliance Populaire: the party of perpetual government in the post-WW2 era, formed in 1949 from the ad hoc alliance between the British Conservative Party and the French Rally of Popular Republicans. The People's Alliance has constructed the economy along corporatist lines, establishing pro-business "patriotic unions" and doling out patronage through a sophisticated system of state capitalism to ensure social stability. On social issues, they've hold back women, minority and LGBT movements and only making reforms opportunistically.
- Liberty/Liberté;: the predominant right-wing opposition in the FBU, it does not style itself as a political party in spite of electing representatives to local and national government. It's mostly composed of an armed paramilitary wing and Venture Capitalists, Liberty styles itself as an ideologically liberal organization but is willing to support authoritarian measures to battle communism.
- Labour Party/Parti d'Ouvriers: the merger between the UK's Labour Party and the French Section to the Workers' International (SFIO), it is a big tent left-wing party that suffered from the flight of the right-wing to the People's Alliance, the party leadership was taken over by Marxists and the center dwindled. It's under constant attack from the corporate media and the State Sec.
- Communist Party: officially known as Entente Section of the Communist International, has remained unified under a general program of revolutionary socialism. Since the seventies, the Communists are the hotbed of identity politics including feminist, LGBT liberation and multicultural thought.
- In the Republic of Palestine, the nation is dominated by the Democratic Liberation Front (DLF), which is a coalition of six parties that are largely similar except for minor points, with the only legal opposition being the Palestine Communist Party which believes that the DLF is not radical enough and moderate parties like the Islamic Democrats and General Zionists. You can see the greater detail of the parties here.
- In the present day, the American major parties, from the political right to left, are:
- In Fear, Loathing and Gumbo on the Campaign Trail '72, a more turbulent, polarized, and economically depressed 1970s results in the splintering of America's two party system. New political parties emerge.
- We The People, a far-left urban party whose name is taken from the first line in the preamble to the Constitution, is formed by Shirley Chisholm, Ron Dellums and others who were dissatisfied with the ineptitude of President George Wallace.
- Christian Values, a far-right party of Christian fundamentalists who quickly absorb the old Dixiecrat vote. By 1990, after the fall of Rumsfeldia, they take control of much of the country, and turn it into an oppressive theocracy.
- The Libertarian Party becomes the dominant party of the American West, even building communes that resist Rumsfeldia and the Christian States of America.
- The emergence of influential third parties has bizarre effects on US politics. Many third parties end up as spoilers, leading to unexpected victories. [ Spiro Agnew becomes the mayor of New York in 1981, due to the division of liberal votes, and Harvey Johnson, a liberal African American becomes a Senator from Mississippi. More seriously, however, the extreme liberalism of WTP, weakens the Democratic Party, and divides the liberal and center-left vote allowing Donald Rumsfeld to be elected to the presidency twice, without even winning a majority of popular votes.
- Many examples in Look to the West, due to having the point of divergence at around the time modern political parties were developing. The timeline even has its own terminology for the political axis: a metallic spectrum where left-wing is "cobrist" (copper), right-wing is "doradist" (gold), and centre is "argentist" (silver). As well as Britain and America having OTL Whigs, Tories and Liberals, there are:
- The Empire of North America starts has the Patriots (initially just pro-royalist, become doradist as party lines are drawn, but shift during the Great American War), the Constitutionalists (argentist, trying to be both the party of the Western frontiersmen and the party of the Southern rich) who split into the Whigs (pro-slavery) and the Neutral Party (argentist), the American Radical Party (cobrist), and the Supremacists (anti-slavery racists).
- Post-Restoration France has the Liberty Party or Rouges (cobrist), the Royalist Party or Blancs (doradist), and the Moderate Party or Bleus (argentist). The Rouges split into the Adamantine Party and the Revolution Party or Noirs (neo-Jacobins), while the Blancs and Bleus merge into the National Party or Verts.
- The United Provinces of South America has the Solidarity (later Colorado) Party (cobrist), the Amarillo (later Unionist) Party (doradist), the Adamantine Party (argentist). A later addition is the Mentian Party (deep-cobrist [what we'd call socialist], combined with German ethnic solidarity).
- The Kingdom of Great Britain has the Phoenix Party (whose only real policy is keeping Joshua Churchill in power), the Scottish Party (Scot Nats), the Regressives (doradist) and the Radicals (cobrist) who split into the Green Radicals (cobro-argentist) and the Populist Party (cobrist but prone to infighting).
- The basic premise of The Ruins Of An American Party System is the breakdown of the American two-party system in the 1920s due to the collapse of the Democrats, so of course quite a few of these show up. In addition to the Republicans sticking around as moderate-conservatives and the real life Socialists growing to significant strength on the left, there's:
- The Progressive Party (officially Progressive-Farmer-Labor), a merger of several real groups that never organized on a national level in OTL, emerges as the main center-left/left wing party.
- The Conservative Coalition, an alliance of the rump Democrats and the various state-level parties that splintered off from it in the early/mid-20s. It serves as the main Southern regional party until collapsing in the late 30s.
- The Commonwealth Party, a populist social conservative/fiscal liberal group founded by Huey Long. Initially just a state party of Louisiana, it grows to be the dominant party of the South through the 30s, and basically the only real part of consequence in the region by the 40s. However, the rise of the AP and internal ideological divisions cause the Commonwealth to start to fall apart, with the final nail being Long being indicted for corruption, which causes the party to collapse.
- The American Party. Not to be confused with several OTL parties of the same name, it's the successor to the Conservatives that emerges in the 40s, due to a combination of the faltering CC factions totally unifying to regain power in the South, and a Red Scare swinging a lot of the rest of the country back to the right wing. While initially just a challenge to the Commonwealth's power base in the South, it grows to nationwide strength on the support of those who don't think the Republicans are conservative enough.
- The People's Coalition, aka the "New Populists". After the Commonwealth collapses, Lyndon Johnson and other members of its left wing found this new organization, which is designed as an umbrella for various state-level populist parties, like the Mississippi Free Labor Party, the Arkansas Farmers League, and Texas' Liberty, Bravery, and Justice Party.
- AlternateHistory.com has an entire forum dedicated to this trope.
- In No W, by late 2007, President Santorum's administration has grown so hardline and fundamentalist that more mainstream conservatives (led by Mitt Romney and Colin Powell) break away from the Republicans and form the Heartland Party, to provide an alternative.
- The New Deal Coalition Retained timeline has a new Progressive Party founded by Eugene McCarthy in 1968, on a platform of progressivism, pacifism, and libertarianism. While it successfully becomes the main opposition in Vermont, it stays small on the national scale until the 80s, when the Democrats and Republicans evolve into differing types of conservatism and their respective liberal wings begin defecting to the Progressives. They may still be lagging behind the two big parties nationally at that point, but many states follow Vermont's example in the Progs taking the number two spot, thereby fully ensuring an American three-party system.
- Futurama's one world government on Earth is run by a slew of these, most of which are puns based on the names of real parties and lobbyist groups in American politics. These include (but are not limited to) The Antisocialists, the National Raygun Association, Voter Apathy Party, the Rainbow Whigs, the Brain Slug Party, and the Green Party (whose members are literally green). Republican and Democratic parties are known as the Fingerlicans and the Tastycrats. Richard Nixon and his 20th century staff remain Republicans, however.
- Later on, Chris Travers runs against Nixon on the Thundercratic ticket.
- Pinky and the Brain: Pinky ran on the Pink Party's ticket. The party predated Pinky himself, although its only resource was a bus and its only staff member was the hapless engineer of every major political gaffe in the past 40 years.