"Although the United States is, uh, a very rich country and San Marcos is a very poor one, there are a great many things we have to offer your country in return for aid. For instance, there, uh, there are locusts."Any backwards tropical country (usually fictitious, often Latin American) that is ruled by a small corrupt clique (often presided over by The Generalissimo). Also known in Spanish as "República Bananera" or "República del Plátano". Usually a People's Republic of Tyranny or a Puppet State. Will probably contain Jailbirds of Panama. The terms has its origins in the United Fruit Company, an honest-to-god Mega Corp. with a Corrupt Corporate Executive approach. With the help of their buddies in the CIA, and some "well-intentioned" and actually well intentioned American presidents, United Fruit created countless US-friendly military dictatorships throughout the tropics dedicated to growing bananas. In these countries, United Fruit paid extremely low wages and close to zero taxes. Marxist and Maoist guerrillas surfaced everywhere, and a cycle of civil wars and dictatorial overthrows ensued. Since it was usually the Communists who opposed the dictatorships note , in Latin America, the term is associated with countries that have governments that are controlled by multinational corporations, and not with just any decadent dictatorship per se. In Europe and the U.S, the connotation tends to fall more closely with that of any dictatorship in any tropical country, capitalist, socialist, or what have you. Although, possible exceptions notwithstanding, there aren't really any left in Latin America these days, they can still be found in Africa and Southeast Asia. May be called "Val Verde". As seen below, however, there is a whole catalogue of fictional names for these countries. Similar to Ruritania, Qurac, and Bulungi, but easier to fake on a budget. No relation to the clothing brand.
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Anime & Manga
- In Lupin III: Dead or Alive, the fictional country of Zufu gets a subtle Lampshade Hanging by being placed in the Banana Republic. The corrupt government is a military dictatorship, which has actually sent the previously prosperous nation into a sharp decline. At the end, the dictatorship is overthrown, but no government is set up to replace it, yet. Other indicators suggest that the nation is Latin American.
- A mild version in Michiko & Hatchin. There are police, but they're rarely there when you need them. However, since the main character is a criminal, the law's absence may be justified.
- Junta is set in such a country, called "La Republica de los Bananas". It might actually be a Stealth Pun, at least in Portuguese: since things have gender in Romance languages, the correct form should be "La Republica de las Bananas", since bananas use female articles. Instead it's an adjective due to it using a male article, with "Bananas" being slang with the same meaning it has in English: crazy. Each player represents a faction within the corrupt ruling clique, and the goal of the game is to successfully divert foreign aid money into your Swiss Bank Account.
- San Theodoros, in the Tintin series, notable for having two rival military juntas who take turns ousting each other. General Alcazar's junta is even said to be financed by a banana company in Tintin and the Picaros. However, the rival junta of General Tapioca (yes, Tapioca) has more in common with the stereotype - lots of hideously over the top uniforms, cigars, foreign aid (the fictional Communist state of Borduria).
- And to round out the stereotypes, a dash of Argentina is Naziland thanks to Colonel Sponz' Putting on the Reich aesthetic.
- Worse: in "The Broken Ear", we see two representatives of different oil companies addressing to the presidents of San Theodoros and the neighbouring Republic of Nuevo Rico, which then fight over a piece of land shared by both, where Oil has been found. At the end of the episode, some scientist realizes there is not Oil there, actually. Then we see a newspaper's headline announcing the end of the war. Meanwhile, a representative of (legal) weapon dealers visits both governments, one after another selling them expensive equipment for the war.
- Managua in Buck Danny, located in the Caribbean sea. It appear 2 or 3 time in the course of the series with different governement each time. Two albums took place there during one of those revolution.
- Funnily enough, a real place with that name exists, except it's not a country, but a city - it's the capital of Nicaragua.
- Corto Maltese, the island nation which the US and the Soviet Union went to war over in the 1986 graphic novel series Batman: The Dark Knight Returns (named after the lead character in the Italian comic series of the same name)
- It was mentioned in the 1989 Batman film.
- Santa Prisca shows up a lot in various Batman related titles.
- Ciudad Barranquilla from the Judge Dredd comics fits this type to a T, but is notable in that the corrupt and murderous regime was recently replaced by an (equally corrupt and murderous) puppet regime by the Judges of Mega City One.
- Sierra Gordo in G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero (Marvel). They even had a revolution which was fomented by the North American Banana Monopoly.
- Palombia in Spirou and Fantasio. Its political regime is so unstable, revolutions are a quasi-daily occurrence.
- Benoit Brisefer had one where the dictatorship was split between the three generals of the army, air force and navy. Thanks to A-Team Firing, the citizens go about their business as usual, though they complain that the melons without bullet holes are getting expensive.
- Tapasambal (a Mexican rather than South American version, the economy is based on the cactus) and Platopabo (government agents, revolutionaries, counter-revolutionaries, counter-counter-revolutionaries, and the natives) in Ach!lle Talon.
- Costa Verde in XIII. The local Che Guevara analogue turned to have betrayed the hero to the government because of his It's All About Me attitude.
- The sheer number of these in the Marvel Universe is revealed with the Marvel Atlas. In Central/South America alone, there's Costa Verde, Terra Verde and Tierra Verde, all of which were created at different times for different comics.
- One Chick Tract portrayed one of these, threatened by a (cynical) communist revolutionary, in "Fat Cats" (1989).
- Zymbodia and Zhato in Love and Rockets. Less stereotypical than many examples since the creators are Hispanic.
- A cartoon that ran in one magazine showed Hispanic-looking revolutionaries overrunning the dictator's office. The dictator, confronting the revolutionary leader, snarled, "You fool — I'm CIA, too!"
- Bazililand in Steelgrip Starkey and the All-Purpose Power Tool, ruled by the dictator General Kingu.
- Ric Hochet has the country of Varaiso in South America, which is ran by a military dictatorship. While a great resort for tourism, Ric is disgusted that visitors are actually enjoying themselves and turn a blind eye to the people's poverty. His father Richard is helping to stage a coup and Ric is dragged along.
- A particularly shining example in The Punisher MAX miniseries Barracuda. The current president got rich from the contra deals (and had an enormous statue of Ronald Reagan built in his mansion's yard in gratitude), his country is a major exporter of drugs (which the US isn't doing anything about since he was put there by the CIA), and is nearly ousted by a rival general.
Films — Live-Action
- The Military Republic of Santa Banana in French Canadian film Elvis Gratton. Exactly What It Says on the Tin: a backward Spanish-speaking tropical island-sate, complete with its dictators and military coups. The national airline is called Air Banana and the national food is... you guessed it.
- San Marcos in the Woody Allen movie Bananas. Fielding Mellish's speech to American diplomats is a Crowning Moment of Funny.
- It is heavily implied that the Mirandan Republic in The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie is like this.
- The Republic of Isthmus, hideout of Big Bad Franz Sanchez, in Licence to Kill. Its Meaningful Name betrays it as an Expy for Panama.
- Parador from the romantic comedy Moon over Parador is another classic example (with a wonderful performance by Raul Julia as the Evil Chancellor).
- Val Verde, a placeholder Banana Republic in four action movies: Commando, Predator, Supercarrier and Die Hard 2.
- La República De Los Cocos (The Republic of The Coconuts) in Su Excelencia is like this to the point of having 4 presidents in 20 minutes.
- The unnamed island country in Harold Lloyd's silent 1923 comedy Why Worry?.
- San Carlos in the Chuck Norris action vehicle Delta Force 2: The Colombian Connection.
- A lot of the action in The Expendables takes place on an island said to be between the Gulf of Mexico and South America called Vilena.
- The Republic of Costa Estrella, the rival state of the Kingdom of Costa Luna, in Princess Protection Program, ruled by a Large Ham of a military dictator.
- In the film The In-Laws, General Garcia's mansion is located on United Fruit Way.
- Russian joke: What's the difference between an oil state and a banana republic? Bananas are a renewable resource.
- The unnamed country in the Stephen King short story "In The Deathroom".
- Canastarica, a Central American republic in the parodic gangster novels about "Dickie" Dick Dickens by Rolf & Alexandra Becker. The protagonist accidentally becomes dictator there, but absconds when he sees the risks inherent in the job.
- In another DDD story, an exiled politician from one of these, Meranda, comes to Chicago to try to gather money and support from wealthy Americans. Except he is an American conman, having killed and impersonated the politician...
- Vespugia, in Madeleine L'Engle's A Swiftly Tilting Planet.
- Older Than Television: Several of O. Henry's writings take place in these. His Cabbages and Kings (1904) is the origin of the term "banana republic."
- Cat's Cradle by Kurt Vonnegut largely takes place in a fictional banana republic, the island of San Lorenzo.
- Joseph Conrad's 1904 novel Nostromo is set in Costaguana, a fictional South American banana republic that is also prone to revolution. Much political power is held by a foreign mining company.
- That last part is somewhat of a reflection of the state of affairs in Cuba pre-Castro, although it was sugar there.
- The Republic Of Sacramento from the Brazilian novel O Senhor Embaxaidor. The story is pretty much a dead ringer of the history of Cuba in the 1940's and 1950's
- The Republic of Fernando Poo in the Illuminatus! Trilogy, an island (a real one, by the way) off the West Coast of Africa where Captain Jesus Tequila y Mota has seized power and seceded from Equatorial Guinea, precipitating a civil war and an international confrontation between the U.S., the Soviet Union and China (but it's all part of the Illuminati's Evil Plan to Immanentize the Eschaton).
- For the record: "Jesus Tequila y Mota" means "Jesus Tequila and Weed".
- Tom Hauptman spent ten years imprisoned in one of these in the Callahan's Crosstime Saloon story "The Time Traveller".
- The eponymous San Sombrèro in San Sombrèro: A Land of Carnivals, Cocktails and Coups (from the creators of Molvania and Phaic Tan).
- In The Stainless Steel Rat For President, "Slippery Jim" diGriz goes up against a planetary dictator by exploiting his need to maintain a facade of democracy.
- The village of Macondo in One Hundred Years of Solitude is set in such a country (assumed to be Colombia.) The story comes complete with banana-growing plantation owned by the notoriously corrupt United Fruit Company, which in the book persuades the Colombian army to massacre all the workers. This actually happened in real life and is remembered as the massacre of the banana growers (masacre de los bananeros).
- Although The Kingdoms of Evil resemble Mordor, they are actually a Banana Republic.
- Simon Templar, in Leslie Charteris' original novella "The Wonderful War", helped overthrow the corrupt government of the Republic of Pasala, which was actually a Oil Republic. In the TV series, the episode of the same title changed the setting to a Qurac.
- In Latin America there's a whole style of books dealing with this. They're called "dictator novel" and, like the name implies, they tend to focus more on the man with the power rather than the country itself.
- San Marcos in Richard Powell's Don Quixote, U.S.A.. Woody Allen may or may not have read this particular novel before making Bananas.
- Boca Grande in Joan Didion's 1977 novel A Book of Common Prayer.
- Nick Velvet: In "The Theft of the Meager Beavers" (one of the odder entries in the series), Nick is hired to steal a baseball team and deliver them to a specific banana republic.
- Aguazual in The Squares of the City.
- MacGyver found himself in quite a few of these in Latin America as well as Africa. One particular episode had Mac being sequestered by his CIA operative friend Abe into kidnapping a South American dictator. When Abe tells Mac this is because said dictator was on CIA's payroll, only for him to double cross them, we get this priceless exchange:
- The IMF in Mission: Impossible were dispatched to one of these countries almost every episode where they weren't sent to Ruritania, it seems.
- Airwolf featured a few as the source of the antagonist(s) of the episode.
- Argentinian comedian Alberto Olmedo made a series of sketches called "Pais Bananero" (Banana Country) about a stereotyped Banana Republic whose name was "Costa Pobre" (Pobre = Poor).
- The A-Team tended to travel to one of these every few episodes. Sometimes it would a horribly stereotypical version of a real country, like Venezuela and Colombia in a Season 2 episode, but it could also be a fictional country, like the uncreatively named "Republic of Caraguay."
- Parks and Recreation used the real Venezuela for the episode "Sister City", which centers around visiting delegates from Pawnee's sister city in that country. The main cast assume Venezuela is a poor, developing-nation version of this trope and try to introduce the visitors to many of their first world luxuries, until the delegates explain that their government is actually very rich because of Venezuela's oil deposits and that rural, working-class Pawnee looks/smells like garbage to them in comparison. On the other hand (and this is also true, more or less), Venezuela is portrayed as more or less an oppressive regime with a Cult of Personality around Hugo Chavez and substantial but not-frequently-talked-about inequality.note
- Chuck has "Costa Gravas", with a hammy Fidel Castro-ish leader to boot.
- Interestingly, one episode has Premier Alejandro Goya (played by Armand Assante) overthrown by his Number Two in cahoots with Goya's own wife, supposedly because Goya has forgotten his revolutionary (i.e. communist) ideals and has become a typical decadent dictator. It later turns out that she was merely upset that her husband does not take her seriously (yes, a marriage squabble that results in a coup). Everything goes back to normal (with the exception of the Evil Chancellor, who gets arrested) once the couple reconciles, and Goya makes his wife the Secretary of State.
- The classic Israeli skit show The Chamber Quintet had a series of skits referring to the concept. Several actors (one at a time) would make long rants about something that annoys them to the person responsible (one talks about the poor product quality at the café he’s in, another about her spouse’s poor sexual habits, another about the poor quality of a book he’d bought), ending the rant with, ‘What is this, a banana republic?!’ In the final skit, another actor walks around a supermarket, accidentally gets hit on the head by a cluster of bananas hung by a string, and says, ‘What is this, a banana republic?!’
- The Fast Show had a recurring sketch featuring a TV channel called 'Chanel 9', from a fictitious European country called "Republicca Democratia Militaria", run by El Presidente. The country is a parody of the sort of TV seen by British tourists in Spain during Franco's rule, with elements of other Mediterranean countries thrown in.
- The pilot episode of Mr. Lucky is set on the Spanish-speaking island-nation of "Guatamaca," presumed to be located somewhere in the Caribbean Sea, ruled by a corrupt dictator.
- JAG: Subverted in the ninth season episode “Secret Agent Man”. While on a CIA mission in the Philippines, Harm’s partner Beth O’Neill has managed to get caught by the local police. Harm goes to the police station and tries to first play the act of an ignorant American tourist. When that doesn’t work he changes to a tactic which completely misfires.
Harm: All right, I get it. What's it gonna cost?
Police Officer: What? You think that we are some kind of banana republic here where every official is for sale? You listen to me. You just go back to your nice comfortable tourist hotel and you think about it. (Starts shouting aggressively in Tagalog)
- On My Name Is Earl, Catalina is from one of these. The country is variously somewhere in Mexico, La Paz, Bolivia, and "Guadelatucky."
- Get Smart visited several of these.
- Scorpion sees most of the team kidnapped and taken to somewhere that speaks Spanish, and the team goes through a list of potential countries within a three-and-a-half hour flight from Los Angeles. "Guatemala, Honduras...I hope it's not Norteguay." Almost immediately, their captors come in to formally welcome them to Norteguay.
- Lampshaded by The Ramones in "Havana Affair".
- The Bruce Cockburn song "If I Had a Rocket Launcher" was written in response to visiting a Guatemalan refugee camp in Mexico, and talks about the helicopters which regularly crossed the border to strafe it.
- The Boomtown Rats did a single called Banana Republic, a scathing, and regarded as most unpatriotic, Take That! at the Republic of Ireland, which they likened to a third world corrupt Latin American dictatorship, only attached to the edge of Europe. At the time (middle-late 1970's) Ireland was something of a backwater state, relatively poor, marginalised, and economically dependent on Great Britain. Bob Geldof and the boys went to town on their native country being socially repressive and over-religious.
''Everywhere you go, Everywhere you see,
Black and blue uniforms — police and priests!
- Larry Gelbart's satirical play Mastergate: A Play on Words has not one but two. The play, which presents itself as a mock senate hearing about the latest government scandal, concerns the nation of Ambigua and the Republic of San Elvador, and the shady dealings of the military, CIA, IRS, the Vice President and the President.
- The Tropico series is basically one big Troperiffic Banana Republic simulation, where you play the recently-installed dictator of a small country in the Caribbean. You can run it as anything from benevolent to hideously oppressive. The United Fruit Company is given extended Shout-Out. The first game has you creating a customized El Presidente of your own. Your choices determine things like your allegiances with the two superpowers (the game is set during the Cold War). For example, your character may be a Harvard grad, which endears you to the US; or, you can graduate from the University of Moscow with the opposite results.
- Dictator, an obscure text-based ZX Spectrum game, allows you to control the people of another fictional republic of Ritimba... not for long, still, due to it being an Endless Game (it's impossible to please every layer of society, you see). Sidenote
- The Metal Gear series has Outer Heaven in the original Metal Gear and Zanzibarland in Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake. The later Metal Gear Solid games mostly avert this, with the exception of Metal Gear Solid 4: Act 2 takes place in an unspecified country in 'South America', which the end credits reveals to be Peru. But at that point of the series alternate history, it seems to fir the trope perfectly. There's also Gindra in Metal Gear: Ghost Babel. Well, Ghost Babel does take place in the same place as MG 1...
- The Just Cause series lets you loose as a Crazy Awesome CIA agent tasked with overthrowing a junta on two fictional island nations (San Esperito in the first game and in the second, the more unusual, South Asian-style dictatorship of Panau).
- In Hidden Agenda, you play the president of Chimerica, a Central American country whose military dictatorship has just recently been overthrown.
- Arulco and Tracona from Jagged Alliance 2.
- The main character in Mercenaries 2 helps turn Venezuela into this in the intro and spends the rest of the game "fixing" it.
- Caruba (portmanteau of Cuba and Aruba?) in Time Crisis: Project Titan, and the Zagorias Federation in Time Crisis 3.
- Banana Republics are one of the government options in Shores of Hazeron. Players are appointed rank by El Presidente (the default ruler name), but players can also gain ranks (i.e. System administrators) by assassinating other players, which causes them to gain the killed player's ranks, while the killed player spawns without their rank.
- ARMA: Armed Assault (aka Combat Operations) has the Democratic Republic of Sahrani in the northern half of the fictional Caribbean island of Sahrani.
- Operation Wolf was set in an unspecified location in the South American jungles.
- Même les pommes de terre ont des yeux!, a French Adventure Game for the Apple ][, is set in a fictional "Répoublique" where El Presidente has just been overthrown by a dictator.
- Sierra's adventure game Eco Quest 2 appears to be set in one. The guard at the beginning easily accepts bribes and the corrupt Cibola Development company can get away with just about anything.
- Palinero and Algeira, in Brigade E5: New Jagged Union (a Jagged Alliance Spiritual Successor) and its sequel 7.62 High Calibre.
- The fictional county of Meruza (likely named after the Argentine city/province of Mendoza) in the Japan-only game Aconcagua is described at the beginning as being under a military dictatorship. Unlike most examples, it appears to be more mountainous (then again, the only part of Meruza you mostly get to see is on the eponymous mountain).
- Roger Ramjet includes among its many parodies the Latin American banana republic of San Domino; thanks to the efforts of the eponymous hero, however, it remains junta-free and is still ruled by the President and his Cabinet (which is rectangular and made of wood).
- From DuckTales: "I want you to catch the first plane to the Banana Republic."
- An episode of Courage the Cowardly Dog shows that in the future, the area that was once Kansas will be ruled by a literal Banana Republic (yes there are sentient bananas.)
- Roger takes over an island from the CIA in American Dad!. He renames the country "Bananarama", forces everyone to dance, and turns it into a resort where the only mode of transportation is floating in innertubes. The locals finally rebel after he decrees that everything be painted yellow, then changes his mind and has them do it over again in turquoise. As one of the revolutionaries mentions, "I have painted my children for the last time."
- The Mask animated series had the "Plantation Republic" in one episode. It seemed to be based on a blend of Nicaragua and Honduras (guerillas, outdated prop plane fighters), but set on a relatively featureless forested island. Their welcome sign had the phrase "Now Go Away" at the end.
- Hurricanes has a Banana Republic ruled by a soccer-obsessed General who once kept the Hurricanes captive.
- Bananaman once had to go to a Banana Republic to stop a villain from cutting off the world's banana supply in "The Last Banana".
- In The Venture Bros. episode "Venture Libre", the characters go to one of these named Puerto Bahía. Its president is supported by the USA, and the country itself seems to be mostly jungles, coffee plantations and sweatshops. It is also home to La Résistance consisting of freaks of super-science.
- Colombia during the 20th century. The United Fruit Company had a lot of power in the government, which allowed them to exploit the workers without any consequences. This incited a number of protests that led to the "Masacre de las Bananeras,"note in 1928 in which the Colombian army shot the protesters by the order of the government under the influence of both the United Fruit Company and the US government, who threatened to invade if the Colombian government didn't protect the company's interest.
- The advertising slogan The man from Del Monte, he say "Yes!" is regarded as too near to reality in many Central and South American countries. you wonder why...
- The Democratic Republic of Molossia has been described by its "president" as a banana republic. It's actually just two plots of land owned by Nevada resident Kevin Baugh. That didn't stop it from getting invaded by Channel Awesome.
- The Dominican Republic under Trujillo and Chile during Pinochet's dictatorship. Also Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua (1937-1979), Brazil (1964-1985), Paraguay (1954-1989), Argentina, and so on, especially during (and due to) the Cold War. But there were many more.
- Cuba was a Sugar Cane Republic until Castro showed up. note
- The Philippines could count as a downplayed version of this—downplayed in the sense that at least its leaders were mostly democratically elected, even the dictator Ferdinand Marcos, who was not a military officer but a civilian lawyer and politician. For most of its history, however, the Philippine economy has been tied to the American market, and to this day the US is still one of the country's largest trading partners. Also, the Philippines counts more as a Sugar Republic—its sugarcane plantations were grown by and large to be sold for export. Nowadays, however, the country's prime export is people (i.e. labour).
- Which technically makes it a ''People's Republic''.
- In fact, it was a full-blown People's Republic of Tyranny during The '70s, in the heyday of the less democratic, more openly dictatorial Martial Law era.
- One reason for the "Banana Republic" comparison is that most Philippine Presidents and governments have been beholden to American policy since before independence (when the country was in fact a US colony). Even textbook history will tell you that the CIA effected the successful election of Ramon Magsaysay as President, and the US government in general served as an influential advisor to Marcos during the Martial Law years.
- Plus, having endured 300 years of Spanish colonial rule (and Catholic proselytization) before the Americans ever showed up, the Philippines also has the dubious distinction of feeling like a Latin American republic misplaced in Asia, which inevitably invites comparisons to the actual Latin America.
- The term comes from the American occupations of Nicaragua, Cuba, Panama, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic from the end of the Spanish-American War to 1934, referred to collectively as "The Banana Wars".
- The Pacific Islands nation of Fiji, since the first of several coups d'etat in 1987.
- There is a Russian joke: What is the difference between a banana republic and a Petroleum Superstate? The answer: Bananas are a renewable resource.
- Which pretty well describes how Iran prior to the Islamic Revolution was little different from a Banana Republic...or perhaps "Banana Monarchy" in that case. The left-leaning elected leader was overthrown by the CIA and MI-6 out of fears that he would go communist, and because he was nationalizing the Iranian assets of what would later become British Petroleum, and the previous absolute monarchy was restored under the compliantly pro-Western and anti-communist Shah Reza Pahlavi.
- Many princely states of British India had characteristics of banana republics, including being Puppet State of a Mega Corp. (British East Indies Company) early on.