open/close all folders
Anime & Manga
- Sayonara, Zetsubou-Sensei makes dark commentary on general shallowness, escapism, otaku and society in general.
- Kino's Journey basically does this Once an Episode as Kino travels from one city to another. Notably one episode has a democracy where only a single citizen is still alive, all the others having died because of their absolute belief in majority rules.
- Oh! Edo Rocket is a farcical meta-satire of its own genre, managing to (hilariously) savage just about every cliche and character type in the world of anime and manga.
- Depending on if you consider it a parody or not Black Lagoon is this towards the over-the-top violence that was '90s anime.
- Superflat is a Post-Modern art movement that was started by Takashi Murakami who was inspired by Hideaki Anno. It sometimes satirizes many aspects of Japan (particularly things sparked by Anime) such as consumerism, the prevalence of Kawaisa, Lolicon, and Fanservice along with the Otaku subculture that is the driving force behind all of them. However, since certain artists associated with Superflat are lolicon otaku themselves, it could also be seen as a form of self-parody. Furthermore, it should be noted that not all Superflat works are satirical in nature - Superflat Monogram, by Murakami and Mamoru Hosoda, for instance, is merely a Louis Vuitton commercial.
- Dada was a Post-Modern movement that was a satire of modern art and post-WWI malaise.
- The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen is a Deconstruction/satire of Victorian era fiction and values.
- Especially the album The Blue Lotus, which references the Chinese-Japanese War in the 1930s.
- The Broken Ear is a satire of the Gran Chaco War in South America.
- Suske en Wiske
- Tom Poes
- Robert Crumb
- Transmetropolitan: An excessively Juvenalian satire of American consumer culture, Politics, Journalism, Television, Religion, Cyberpunk writing, Utopian futurism and the future in general.
- Not Brand Echh had satires of many MarvelComics comic book heroes as well as a few other companies' characters.
- Judge Dredd is a satire on zero-tolerance policing, with a main character who is a Judge, Jury, and Executioner in a Crapsack World and a decent amount of Black Comedy.
- Invader Zim
- Al Capp's Li'l Abner is a brutal but comedic satire on society and culture.
- The Dilbert comic strip is a satire of the corporate world. Mostly Horatian.
- Calvin and Hobbes contains a variety of satire. Most often Calvin himself acts as satire of narrow-minded self-centeredness of people or the shallow ethos of the consumer society, sometimes other things. His father's behavior is often satire of certain kind of parental behavior. Both of them sometimes offer satire of hobbies taken too seriously (bicycling for Dad and chewing gum for Calvin). And there's more.
- Li'l Abner
- Pugad Baboy
- Lily And The Art Of Being Sisyphus is a hilarious and exceptionally well-made satirical mockery of popular conventions in Harry Potter Fanfiction, the Harry Potter fandom, and the universe of Harry Potter in general. Of special note is the relationship between the Mundane and Wizarding worlds — which is sharply delineated in the source material and most fanfiction. In the protagonist's eyes there is no divide, and a significant element of the humor stems from everyone around her being unable to parse this.
Films — Animation
- Several of Ralph Bakshi's animated feature films are heavy on satire, particularly Coonskin.
- South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut is a satire of censorship.
- Sausage Party is a satire of religion.
- Tiny Toon Adventures: How I Spent My Vacation, the direct-to-video animated film of the series, jabs its toes further into Summertime Activities, such as water fights, boating, including a car trip to a satirical Disneyland Park, Johnny Depp in the form of a skunk cartoon, and even the late 1980s horror films Friday the 13th and The Hitcher.
- Beavis and Butt-Head Do America mockingly puts it feet down further at The U.S. Federal Governments incompetence, inadequacy and inefficiency, especially when dealing with dangerous criminals and terrorists, predating the 9/11 tragedy of 2001. It also shows us about life on the lam, through the eyes of two idiotic teenage boys.
Films — Live-Action
- The movie The Player satirized Hollywood's crushing effect on the visions of individual artists as well as the kind of people that environment attracts.
- Being There, which brought us Chance the Gardener, is a satire of the human tendency to favor style over substance and take things at face value, particularly where media and politics are concerned. Basically Horatian.
- Cannibal Holocaust: It is the most sick, vile, twisted, bloody and most violent piece of satire ever made by a film director.
- A Clockwork Orange is a satire of the battle against violence in society
- Dr. Strangelove is one of the most well known satires of the Cold War, and of the foolishness of the nuclear arms race. An interesting case where Horatian techniques were put to a Juvenalian end.
"Mr. President, we must not allow... A MINE SHAFT GAP!"
- Charlie Chaplin's The Great Dictator is a satire on Hitler, Nazism and Fascism. Given the subject, it's Juvenalian, but surprisingly mildly so.
- Man Bites Dog is a satire on the sensationalism of the TV industry.
- Meet John Doe is a satire on the populist movement in the United States and Europe following The Great Depression.
- Monty Python's Life of Brian is a satire on religions and ideologies and their followers, more specifically Christianity. Generally Horatian and very gently toward Chistianity, but other ideologies get sharper treatment.
- Network by Sidney Lumet is a satire on the television industry. Quite Juvenalian.
- Thank You for Smoking is a satire of the tobacco industry. Combines Juvenalian and Horatian techniques to great comic effect.
- To Be or Not to Be is a satire of Nazism.
- The Truman Show is a satire of reality TV and television in general, yet it inspired the television show Big Brother.
- The films of Jacques Tati are a satire on the contrast between the traditional society and the technological innovations of the modern world.
- A Serbian Film is a satire (supposedly) of modern Serbian cinema and the history of the nation as a whole. So Juvenalian, some couldn't even tell it was a satire.
- Wag the Dog is a particularly Juvenalian satire on the US news media and politics.
- UHF: Weird Al's film mocks retro pop culture, TV shows and movies. Targets include The Beverly Hillbillies, Network, Star Wars, Blazing Saddles, Conan the Barbarian, Rambo, Wheel of Fortune, The Pinwheel Channel, The A-Team, The Shining, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Gone with the Wind, and Gandhi.
- Idiocracy: A satirical dystopian sci-fi critique on human evolution in modern society, mass pop culture, mainstream media and commercialism. It also both references and lampoons classic dystopian sci-fi films like The Running Man, Total Recall (1990), 2001: A Space Odyssey, Logan's Run, plus the novels Nineteen Eighty-Four and Brave New World.
- Bamboozled shows how far African-American portrayals on television can really go, and how television network executives will do anything to keep their ratings up, at the cost of racially exploiting and ruining the lives of others.
- This Is Spın̈al Tap is a satire of rock bands.
- Jonathan Swift in general, really.
- Edwin A. Abbott's 1884 novella Flatland is a scathing dissection of Victorian class structures, of biological racism and eugenics, and of misogyny.
- The works of Honoré de Balzac, Marcel Proust, Rabelais and Voltaire.
- Some of Terry Pratchett's Discworld books are satires of government, religion, and other things, often with the assistance of parody and pastiche. Typically Horatian.
- Miguel de Cervantes' Don Quixote satirizes nearly all of its contemporary examples of literature and theater and ridicules them; also a Juvenalian take of Spanish society at The Cavalier Years.
- The Confidence Man has characters that are satirized expys of 19th-century authors.
- Forrest Gump (the novel, but not the movie) was a fairly biting satire of Americana from the '50s to the '70s. The novel was more Juvenalian, the film being Horatian.
- Its sequel, Gump and Co. was a less-biting satire of the '80s and '90s, including a light dig at the original novel's film adaptation.
- Many of the works of Mark Twain are clear examples of satire — most famously, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (protestations to the contrary on the back cover notwithstanding).
- Andrew Martin's novel Bilton is a satire on lifestyle journalism, involving a rude and alcoholic Marxist intellectual who works at the Daily Globe, a newspaper so swollen and fatuous that it has a supplement listing all the other supplements.
- The Devil's Dictionary, satirizing a wide variety of topics (and Juvenalian to the core). Notably contains an entry on "satire" teeming with sarcastic disdain for those who don't get satire.
- Alexander Pope's The Rape of the Lock is mocking the hubbub that sprang up when a friend of his cut a woman's lock of hair. Long story short: hair gets cut, war erupts. Very obviously Horatian (the targets of Pope's satire were his friends, whom he thought were making a mountain out of a molehill).
- Tom Sharpe's Wilt, while primarily comic farce, is also a bitter satire on academic bureaucracy and the heirarchy within colleges and universities. The theme is more deeply developed in the later books of the Wilt series, but Sharpe, a veteran of the unglamorous end of British higher education, makes some pretty trenchant points about what education should actually be for, and lays into the sort of people who let ambition, or wooly thinking, or vested interests, get in the way of delivering education to the people who arguably need it most. the Ipford Technical College is there primarily to provide vocational trades education and continuing education to adults who missed out earlier in life: its Principal misses the point entirely and is wasting the budget trying to get the place one step nearer becoming a university, for his personal prestige. Despite the fact this is not what it is intended to be and it is far more effective doing the job it was built for. Interfering politicians, Ministry of Education bureaucrats, political extremists, trendy teachers, ridiculous or grandiose "Mickey Mouse courses" and others who get in the way of the purpose of education are also mercilessly hammered.
- 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea: Very Juvenalian, the novel satirizes Imperialism: The Nautilus itself is a parody of The Empire - a Oddly Small Organization that manages to be a N.G.O. Superpower, their members only consumes sea products and speak only their own language, but we never know any of them, nameless masses. The only one who matters is Captain Nemo (the Emperor), who claims a entire continent on his name and constantly crosses the Moral Event Horizon for no other reason because he can. The three prisoners personify the attitudes about The Empire of the conquered nations: Aronnax is the high class, who tries to get all the knowledge he can from the Empire, Counseil is the middle class, who passively accepts his loss of freedom as something inevitable and doesn’t want to make a decision without the approval of the high class, and Ned Land is the lower class who rebels constantly and uselessly. However, after seeing Nemo’s Kick the Dog moment with his Weapon of Mass Destruction, the three classes agree that Nemo’s empire is as bad as any other.
- The Manchurian Candidate (the original novel) satirized Red Scare politics of the 1950s and McCarthyism in particular. Extremely Juvenalian.
- Beauty Queens is a satire of the media, consumerism and gender roles.
- Charlie and the Chocolate Factory satirizes parents who coddle and indulge their children, and the spoiled brats that said children become (embodiments of gluttony, greed, pride, and sloth), with a contemptuous, Juvenalian approach as the brats meet a variety of blackly comic fates. The Serious Business of the Golden Ticket hunt and its media coverage come in for gentler, Horatian satire, especially in adaptations. The 1971 and 2005 film adaptations dial back the aggressiveness of the satire with regards to the brats. But the 2013 stage musical not only updates two of the brats to satirize vapid modern celebrity (Violet) and parents who try to excuse a child's downright malicious behavior (Mike) but tightens the screws — several of them suffer karmic Death by Adaptation.
- James and Harrison of The Chronicles Of Steve Stollberg believe that Mickey Mouse faked his death and was cryogenically frozen respectively, which is portrayed as extremely stupid as they believe so despite overwhelming contrary evidence. This satirizes people who believe that Tupac Shakur faked his drive-by-shooting death, and also satirizes people who believe that Walt Disney was cryogenically frozen.
- The Satyricon satirizes, among other things, poetic conventions, the Neronian court, and various aspects of Roman life.
- The Daily Show satirizes modern US and global news events, as does the Spin-Off, The Colbert Report. Whether their satire is Juvenalian or Horatian depends on the subject: Fox News Channel? Juvenalian (particularly when it comes to Glenn Beck or Sean Hannity). Barack Obama? Horatian. George W. Bush? Are we talking 2001-2006 or 2006-2009?note The rest of the media? What are they saying now? Etc., etc., etc.
- Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: Hosted by Daily Show graduate John Oliver, it can do the Horatian, but is usually fiercely, fiercely Juvenalian. Oliver has a habit of selecting a single target and pointing out how unbelievably horrible it is for 20 minutes at a time and unabashedly insulting people and institutions he regards as idiots or evil.
- Full Frontal with Samantha Bee: Hosted by another Daily Show graduate, Samantha Bee. Furiously Juvenalian, freely mocking everyone Bee regards as awful (and Bee regards a lot of people as awful). Carries on the Daily Show tradition of sending "correspondents" to conduct man-on-the-street interviews in which interviewees' responses to questions are made the subject of ridicule.
- When Stephen Colbert took over The Late Show in 2015, he took with him his satiric roots. He did change his approach, becoming rather more Horatian, as he shed his "Stephen Colbert-the-right-wing-pundit" character and simply appears as someone more or like his actual self (a rather mild-mannered liberal and suburban dad of deep but unostentatious Catholic faith).
- ThirtyRock used satire to critique many topics that were topical during the show's lifetime, particularly political issues, such as those that were commented on through satirical representations of John Mc Cain, Sarah Palin, and Barack Obama.
- Yes, Minister satirized 1980s UK Governmental policy and decision-making. Generally Horatian with occasional dips into Juvenalian territory.
- ...and its Spiritual Successor The Thick of It now satirises UK politics in the 21st century. Purely Juvenalian.
- Veep, Transatlantic Equivalent of The Thick of It, is, despite coming from the same crew, surprisingly far less Juvenalian and even moves into Horatian territory, with the politicians and staffers mostly being overworked or likeably incompetent rather than scheming sons-of-bitches. It helps that there is no clear equivalent to Malcolm; the Invisible President's messenger to the VP's office is possibly the saddest schmuck in the District (and the District is full of schmucks). This is partly because Armando Iannucci was struck (while researching for In the Loop) about how young everyone in the American government seemed to be.
- Brass Eye satirized the reporting methods of 90s UK news media as well as wider social and political issues. Out-Juvenals Juvenal himself.
- Frontline satirized Australian current affairs programmes in the 1990s.
- Have I Got News for You. Fittingly for the editor of Juvenalian satirical magazine Private Eye, Ian Hislop's contributions are toward the Juvenalian end of the scale, while Paul Merton tends more toward the Horatian end when he isn't making plays on words or indulging in surrealism and flights of fancy.
- Mad TV: This took Mad Magazine, and put it our television screens in the form of a sketch comedy show.
- Mock the Week
- Ugly Betty satirizes the fashion industry. Horatian.
- Bewitched continually satirizes American conformity, consumerism, and racism. More or less Horatian, per the standards of the day.
- Royal Canadian Air Farce satirized Canadian politics and current events and just about every other aspect of of Canadian life in its long run. It was something of a forerunner for Canadian television and influenced the CBC in particular for a number of years.
- Another Canadian series, This Hour Has 22 Minutes, was a satirical presentation of current events and was shown in a news format. It was known for having strictly Newfoundland performers and a particularly eastern perspective on things.
- Monty Python's Flying Circus
- Spitting Image: satirizing politicians and other celebrities of the day.
- That Was the Week That Was kickstarted the British television satire boom of the 1960s. Juvenalian.
- The "Really!?! with Seth (and Amy)" skit on Saturday Night Live. Constantly points out the absurdity of celebrities or politicians by comparing their actions with how the same actions would affect ordinary people. Typically Juvenalian, although Tina Fey's "Really!?!" to Greece on her first guest appearance in 2008 was more disappointed than nasty.
- Van Kooten En De Bie: Dutch comedic duo satirizing Dutch society from 1964 until 1998.
- Dinosaurs: Dinosaurs is entirely a satire of society that condemns environmental pollution, political correctness, corporate greed, government controlling citizens' private lives, propaganda on television and religion.
- The Rutles are a satire on The Beatles
- Frank Zappa
- Jacques Brel
- The Fugs
- Randy Newman
- The Dead Kennedys
- Even Johann Sebastian Bach took a crack at satire, with his "Coffee Cantata" satirizing the then-emerging opinion that drinking coffee was a bad habit. Apparently, Moral Guardians were just as annoying in Bach's time as they are today.
- Pretty much anything by the Swedish Pop and Rock singer Magnus Uggla is dripping thick with contemporary satire.
- Punch, a British magazine launched in 1841, was a groundbreaking satirical periodical, including satire of then contemporary society and politics. (It closed, a shadow of its former self, in 2002, having been fighting a losing battle against Private Eye—for which see below—for at least 30 years).
- Punch was an express attempt at replicating a French satirical magazine of the day, Le Charivari, a Paris magazine that lampooned July Monarchy-era French politics and mores—as evidenced by the British publication's full title, Punch, or the London Charivari. The actual Charivari of Paris stopped doing satire shortly after Punch started, turning into a lifestyle magazine, after falling afoul of Louis-Philippe's censors.
- Punch also inspired an American publication named Puck (which ran 1871-1903).
- The pornographic magazine Hustler uses satire to express Larry Flynt's beliefs and opinions. Almost always Juvenalian.
- The articles in Private Eye are mostly Juvenalian satire...when they aren't hard-hitting straight-up exposés of real wrongdoing. Sometimes articles do dip into the Horatian (particularly the Prime Minister parodies, which are usually too ridiculous to be truly stinging). Incidentally, the founders of Private Eye in The '60s specifically cited (again) Punch in its heyday as their inspiration—rather than as it existed in their time, which they found rather insipid (and which eventually was reduced to writing nasty articles at the Eye's expense).
- On his radio show, Howard Stern will satirize any number or things he doesn't care for, most notably the hypocrisies of Media WatchDogs.
- Absolute Power, a BBC radio series was a satire on spin-doctoring in modern politics, and media manipulation. The Sound to Screen Adaptation shifted its focus: still satirizing media manipulation, but more in the context of the nature of celebrity.
- Brian Gulliver's Travels is a six-part Setting Update of Gulliver's Travels on BBC Radio 4. It updates the satire to be about 21st century Britain, giving us, for example, Sham, the land of alternative therapies.
- The Game
- The Web Game developer Molleindustria has specialized in making satirical games with relatively simple gameplay.
- Harvester makes a bloody & cruel joke of suburban American life during the 1950s.
- Bad Day LA makes fun of how dysfunctional modern society is.
- The Ratchet & Clank series, particularly its earlier installments, contained very tongue-in-cheek satire of consumerism.
- Ministry Of Harmony satirizes news stories from China in a Juvenalian style.
- TJ Omega has his Plastic Addict series which does this of the bad toys he reviews during them. He's repeatedly pointed out that they're not to be taken seriously and are meant to be entertaining.
- Kakos Industries satirizes the concept of Evil itself, it being seen as something that is never solidly defined but is treated as though it can be bought, sold, measured, and enhanced among the Evil, Inc. the show takes place in. Bare in mind that the podcast functions as a news style Work Com while having this as the central plot.
- The extremely short Young Adult one-shot manages to satirize recurring tropes in young adult book series, mainly in the popular Twilight, Harry Potter and Divergent series.
- The Venture Bros. satirizes adventure shows like Johnny Quest by showcasing just how psychologically scarring being a boy adventurer can become.
- The Simpsons is one huge satire of late 20th and early 21st century Western society.
- Family Guy, often in the most controversial sort of manner.
- The more recent seasons of South Park usually use satire as their primary source of humor.
- Futurama frequently satirizes aspects of modern life, from our waste and consumerism, technological evolution to our short-sightedness to relentless and irritating evangelists.
- MAD is a spiritual and satirical successor to Mad TV, in the form of an animated sketch series; it even had the nerve to ridicule James Cameron's Avatar in the very first episode.
- Invader Zim done an excellent job with poking fun at Human Life; even the aspects of daily life in the far-future have devolved into a tortured mockery of itself in a most Juvenalian manner.
- Yin Yang Yo! often satirizes feminism by bringing up the hypocrisy done or said by radical feminist Saranoia, and to a lesser extent Yin. The episode "A Walk in the Woods" satirizes childhood obesity where Yin and Yang stayed indoors surfing the Internet all day and eating junk food.
- Tiny Toon Adventures mocks and laughs at American Retro Pop culture alongside old fashioned media censorship policies as well.
- Animaniacs uses this kind of humor four years later.
- Pinky and the Brain
- Rocko's Modern Life has the upcoming one-hour special Rocko's Modern Life: Static Cling satirizes, what else, modern life: the O-Phone upgrades constantly and people charge into the store for a new one and Rocko's old job is gone, replaced with a 3D printer that makes the comic book for you.
- Looney Tunes pokes its cartoonish fingers at early 20th Century pop-culture, both American & Foreign.
- The Ren & Stimpy Show: This element wasn't as prevalent after John Kricfalusi left the show, though certain episodes, such as "Stimpy's Cartoon Show" and "Reverend Jack", satirized what working under John K.'s tenure was like.
- Beavis and Butt-Head
- The Amazing World of Gumball often does this; for example, "The Upgrade" takes a huge swipe at the concept of Planned Obsolescence.