Or, A Work By Any Other Name; Or, The Work So Nice, They Named It Twice (Or in this article's case, thrice
Sometimes a work gives itself multiple alternative titles in the title
, usually giving the shortest title first, with the result being a Short Title: Long, Elaborate Subtitle
. Using this trope these days can give a similar retraux
feel as In Which a Trope Is Described
. Songs with unintuitive titles often include the most prominent word or phrase from the lyrics in parentheses as an alternate title for practical reasons
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Anime and Manga, or: Stuff to Which Nerds Look
- Tsutomu Nihei's Knights Of Sidonia had a oneshot prototype version known as Winged Armor Suzumega, or The Armored Insects Sphingidae.
- Trigun, or: The Ballad of Vash the Stampede, or: The Legend of the Galaxy's Greatest Gunslinger
Comic Books, or: Juxtaposed Pictorial and Other Images in Deliberate Sequence
Fairy Tales, or: The Oldest Ones in the Books
Fan Works, or: The Literary Equivalent of D.I.Y.
Films, or: Motion Pictures
- Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb. The various permutations of "or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love X" are listed under Snowclone Title.
- On the promotional posters, Mel Brooks' Blazing Saddles was advertised as Mel Brooks' Blazing Saddles or Never Give a Saga an Even Break.
- The Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Banya!, a Russian film about a guy who gets drunk at a communal bathhouse and winds up stumbling into the wrong apartment, causing comic hijinks and romance when the woman who lives there comes home.
- Those Magnificent Men in Their Flying Machines, or How I Flew from London to Paris in 25 Hours 11 Minutes.
- The Making of 'Evil Dead 2', or The Gore the Merrier.
- ''Otto: or, Up With Dead People''
- Gas! -Or- It Became Necessary to Destroy the World in Order to Save It.
- The Fearless Vampire Killers or: Pardon Me, But Your Teeth Are in My Neck
- Spider Baby or, the Maddest Story Ever Told
- Delta Farce or A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to Iraq
- In the Disney version of Alice in Wonderland, Tweedledee and Tweedledum tell Alice about "The Walrus and the Carpenter, or The Story of the Curious Oysters".
- The Devil Within Her has also been advertised as Sharon's Baby, I Don't Want to Be Born, The Child, It Lives Within Her.
- Birdman or The Unexpected Virtue Of Ignorance
Literature, or: The Art of Words
- Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus.
- Moby-Dick; or, The Whale. Confusingly, the whale is always called Moby Dick, without the hyphen.
- The Hobbit, or There and Back Again. The subtitle was later used as the title of Bilbo's book in The Lord of the Rings, and was to be the name of the film adaption of the third part of the book, until they decided to use The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies.
- Clarissa, or The History of a Young Lady by Samuel Richardson.
- Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded, also by Samuel Richardson.
- Poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning penned and titled a poem "Sebastian, or Virtue Rewarded" when she was about 9 years old. The contents still apparently haven't been published.
- Subtitling your book "or: Virtue Rewarded" was apparently Victorian (Stuart- and Hanoverian) era slang for Morals Inside®.
- The Marquis de Sade's novels Justine, or The Misfortunes of Virtue and Juliette, or Vice Amply Rewarded.
- The famously banned erotic novel Fanny Hill, or Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure by John Cleland.
- Cecilia, or Memoirs of an Heiress by Frances Burney.
- I, Cthulhu; or, What's a Tentacle-Faced Thing Like Me Doing in a Sunken City Like This (Latitude 47° 9' S, Longitude 126° 43' W)?, by Neil Gaiman — doubles as a snowclone title of the form "I, Noun".
- The Thomas Hobbes book Leviathan or The Matter, Forme and Power of a Common Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civil.
- Kurt Vonnegut was very fond of this scheme:
- Slaughterhouse-Five, or The Children's Crusade: A Duty-Dance With Death. "The Children's Crusade" part was due to a promise to the wife of a fellow former soldier. She was upset that the book he was writing would glorify war. She said, "You guys were just children back then". So he promised the book would be titled, "The Children's Crusade". Although no one bothers with the full title, she need not worry, it doesn't glorify war.
- God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater, or Pearls Before Swine.
- And the last of the "Trout Trilogy": Breakfast of Champions, or Goodbye Blue Monday!.
- This is incredibly common in early 20th century children's series books as well. Examples: The Bobbsey Twins, or Merry Days Indoors and Out and The Moving Picture Girls, or First Appearance in Photo Dramas. This seems to have died off by the time Nancy Drew came about.
- Philip K Dick's Dr. Bloodmoney, or How We Got Along After the Bomb. The title was a Shout-Out to Dr. Strangelove.
- Brisingr, or The Seven Promises of Eragon Shadeslayer and Saphira Bjartskular. The second one just isn't as catchy.
- John O'Farrell's An Utterly Impartial History of Britain, or 2000 Years of Upper-Class Idiots In Charge and An Utterly Exasperated History of Modern Britain, or 60 Years of Making The Same Stupid Mistakes As Always.
- Referenced in Wyrd Sisters, where the Discworld version of William Shakespeare, Hwel the Playwright, has written a comedy called A Wizard of Sorts, or: Please Yourself - the subtitle parodies the subtitle of Twelfth Night and the actual title of As You Like It.
- Wil Wheaton's short story The Saga of Spongebob Vega$pant$ (or, How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Star Trek).
- Friedrich Nietzsche was famously fond of subtitles, but the only Either/Or Title was Twilight of the Idols, or, How to Philosophize with a Hammer.
- The Sea Cook, or Treasure Island.
- Varney the Vampire, or, the Feast of Blood
- Sorcery and Cecelia, or The Enchanted Chocolate Pot: Being the Correspondence of Two Young Ladies of Quality Regarding Various Magical Scandals in London and the Country
- Cormac McCarthy's western novel Blood Meridian, or the Evening Redness in the West.
- All of Kate Griffin's Matthew Swift books take the form "Title, or The X of Matthew Swift".
- On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life
- Fluke, or, I Know Why the Winged Whale Sings
- Dave Barry in Cyberspace is not itself an example, but several of its chapter subtitles are. The most convoluted example is:
9: The Internet
Transforming Society and Shaping the Future, Through Chat
Or: Watch What You Write, Mr. Chuckletrousers
Or: Why Suck Is OK, Blow Is Not
Plus: Danger! Sushi Tapeworms!
- Voltaire's Candide, ou L'Optimisme, translated into English as "Candide, or All For the Best", "Candide, or The Optimist" and "Candide, or Optimism".
- Michael Moorcock's Doctor Who novel The Coming of the Terraphiles, or Pirates of the Second Aether!
- The Diamond Age, Or, A Young Lady's Illustrated Primer by Neal Stephenson
- Principia Discordia or How the West Was Lost was the original title. The 4th edition is more well known, and bears the slightly more cumbersome title, Principia Discordia or How I Found Goddess And What I Did To Her When I Found Her: The Magnum Opiate Of Malaclypse The Younger, Wherein is Explained Absolutely Everything Worth Knowing About Absolutely Anything.
- Teleny or The Reverse of the Medal.
- Futility, or the Wreck of the Titan A novella written in 1898 by Morgan Robertson. It tells the story of an ocean cruiser named Titan, which, while traveling on the North Atlantic, accidentally hits an iceberg and sinks, causing the death of over half her 2500 passengers. Yes, it bears a striking similarity to the real life story of the famous ship with a similar name (and also to the equally famous movie). The twist? It's not a documentary. This novel was written 14 years before the Titanic was launched; it was written even before the Olympic Class liners (of which the Titanic was the insignia ship) where even designed! Eerie!
- In 1886, Mary Young Ridenbaugh published a book called Enola, or Her Fatal Mistake. It was not a big seller. But it inspired a family to name their daughter after the title character. When she grew up, she had a son, who became a bomber pilot during World War Two. He named one of his airplanes after his mom, Enola Gay. You may have heard of it.
- Paul Cornell's Shakespearian pastiche Doctor Who story has an Either Or Title and a Short Title: Long, Elaborate Subtitle: "The Trials of Tara, Or Would That It Were; The Comedie of Count Grendell the Mafter of Grach With the Life and Death of his New Executioner".
- Pierre Beaumarchais's "Figaro" trilogy parts are named, chronologically, "The Barber of Seville or the Useless Precaution", "The Mad Day, or The Marriage of Figaro", and "The Other Tartuffe or The Guilty Mother"
- Philip Pullman wrote a short picture book entitled Clockwork, or All Wound Up.
- In Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them by Al Franken, Chapter 12, "The Chapter on Fox," runs through multiple subheadings in this manner:
They Distort, We Deride
We Retort, They Have Lied
They Purport, We Decry
They Are Short 1 , We Have Plied 2
Smorty Smort, Blort Deblort note
Live Action TV, or: WE Guess No One Does This Here
- Police Squad! had two titles for each episode, used at the end of the title sequence: one was spoken, and a completely different one was written on screen.
Music, or: The Rhythm's Gonna Get Ya
- Every song on Radiohead's album Hail to the Thief (including the album itself, which is actually titled "Hail to the Thief, or, The Gloaming"). For example, singles "There There" and "2+2=5" are really called "There There (The Boney King of Nowhere)" and "2+2=5 (The Lukewarm)". While the secondary titles are rarely ever used, the tracklist on the back cover includes both, and the lyrics in the liner notes only use the secondary titles.
- The Incredible String Band's 1967 album The 5000 Spirits or The Layers of the Onion.
- Sufjan Stevens sometimes combines this with his infamous love for the Long Title. Consider this whopper from the Illinois album: "The Black Hawk War, Or, How To Demolish An Entire Civilization And Still Feel Good About Yourself In The Morning, Or, We Apologize For The Inconvenience But You're Going To Have To Leave Now, Or "I Have Fought The Big Knives And Will Continue To Fight Them Until They Are Off My Land"
- The Coldplay album Viva la Vida or Death and All his Friends. As you might guess, it has two title tracks.
- On Them Crooked Vultures' self-titled album, there's the song "Warsaw or the First Breath You Take After You Give Up."
- "Welcome Home (Sanitarium)" and "Anesthesia (Pulling Teeth)".
- Green Day's "Good Riddance (Time of Your Life)".
- There is a Queen song titled "Machines (or Back to Humans)".
- Bright Eyes' 2002 album Lifted, or The Story is in the Soil, Keep Your Ear to the Ground.
- "Richard II, Or Extraordinary Popular Dimensions And The Madness Of Crowds (Responsible Hate Anthem)" by Titus Andronicus
- Cradle Of Filth's first EP, "V Empire Or Dark Faerytales in Phallustein"
- Glassjaw's Kiss Kiss Bang Bang EP has "Star Above My Bed (Call of the Tiger Woman)" and "Vermont Connection (The Chapter 7 Test or The Ephesians Were Right After All)".
- The Beatles:
- "Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)"
- "This Boy (Ringo's Theme)"
- Some early pressings of "I Am The Walrus" had the secondary title "No You're Not, Said Little Nichola." (Nichola was the little girl John Lennon entertained on the bus in the Beatles' special Magical Mystery Tour.)
- The last track of Paul Simon's Graceland is a song entitled "All Around the World, or The Myth of Fingerprints".
- Simon & Garfunkel did a song called "A Simple Desultory Philippic (or How I Was Robert McNamara'd Into Submission)".
- Chiodos has The Undertaker's Thirst for Revenge is Unquenchable (The Final Battle). Interestingly, it's almost exclusively referred to by its Long Title.
- The Dandy Warhols' Odditorium or Warlords of Mars.
- Captain Beefheart's Shiny Beast (Bat Chain Puller): In this case, the two titles are somewhat justified because much of the album consisted of reworked songs from a never released Frank Zappa-produced album that would have been called just Bat Chain Puller.
- The soundtrack to Those Magnificent Men in Their Flying Machines has a cut titled "The Dance of the Intrepid Airmen, or: 55 Years Before the Beatles."
- Love's Forever Changes album includes a song called "Maybe the People Would Be the Times or Between Clark and Hilldale".
- Except for the short introductory track, every track on Lemon Jelly's Concept Album 69-95 is titled with the last two digits of the year in which the track's principal sample was released, followed by a more easily-remembered title, e.g. "''79 aka The Shouty Track", "'95 aka Make Things Right", etc. The year element is usually dropped when the tracks are referred to in any other context.
- The Left Banke's Walk Away Renee/Pretty Ballerina. Apparently either they or their label couldn't decide which single should be the Title Track.
- Somewhat confusingly, Elliott Smith's album and song Either/Or are not actually examples.
Radio, or: The Hills Are Alive with the Sound
Theater, or: Life Is But a Stage
- William Shakespeare's Twelfth Night, or What You Will. This was the only example that Shakespeare made himself (rather than publishers), and it's a bit of a pun. The title could be taken to mean, "Twelfth Night, or whatever title you prefer."
- Winifred Phelps' Temptation Sordid, or: Virtue Rewarded, A Melodrama
- Charles Shadwell's Irish Hospitality, or Virtue Rewarded
- Colley Cibber's Love's Last Shift, or Virtue Rewarded
- Edward Albee's The Goat, or Who is Sylvia?
- Every Gilbert and Sullivan work except Trial By Jury and The Sorcerer. In the case of Princess Ida, or Castle Adamant, the secondary title breaks with the usual pattern by being just as cryptic as the primary.
- W.S. Gilbert used this method to title several burlesques, extravaganzas, and other works that predated his regular collaboration with Arthur Sullivan:
- Dulcamara; or, The Little Duck and the Great Quack (1866 extravaganza, based on Donizetti's L'Elisir d'Amore)
- La Vivandière; or, True to the Corps (1867 burlesque of Donizetti's La Fille du Regiment)
- Robinson Crusoe; or, The Injun Bride and the Injured Wife (1867)
- Harlequin Cock Robin and Jenny Wren; or, Fortunatus and the Water of Life, the Three Bears, the Three Gifts, the Three Wishes, and the Little Man who woo'd the Little Maid (1867 Pantomime)
- Robert the Devil; or, The Nun, the Dun and the Son of a Gun (1868 extravaganza, based on Meyerbeer's Robert le Diable)
- The Pretty Druidess; or, The Mother, the Maid and the Mistletoe Bough (1869 extravaganza)
- Tom Cobb; or, Fortune's Toy (1875 farce)
- Eyes and No Eyes; or, The Art of Seeing (1875 one-act musical)
- In The Complete Works of William Shakespeare (abridged), the cast make fun of how Strictly Formula Shakespeare's comedies tend to be, and thus abridge them all into one play. The title is The Comedy of Two Well-Measured Gentlemen Lost in the Merry Wives of Venice on a Midsummer's Twelfth Night in Winter, or Cymbeline Taming Pericles the Merchant in the Tempest of Love as Much as You Like it for Nothing, or The Loveboat Goes to Verona, or Four Weddings and a Transvestite!
- Eric Overmyer's On The Verge, or the Geography of Yearning.
- Eugene Ionesco's Amédée, or How to Get Rid of It
- Peter Pan; or, the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up
- The swedish revue Grisen i säcken – eller som en kork i mörker eller värmlänningarna kommer tillbaka eller doktor Haka's rekordrevy. Translated to english it's: Pig in a poke – or like a cork in dark or the Värmlanders come back or doctor Haka's record revue.
Video Games, or: Bring The Mountain Dew
- An obscure Centipede rip-off Arcade Game has the title War of the Bugs or Monsterous Manouvers in a Mushroom Maze.
- The 1993 adventure game, Peppers Adventures In Time introduces each chapter of the game with such a title. One title hints at what you'll generally be focusing on, while the other gives a clue about the defining event of the chapter.
Western Animation, or: Moving Drawings
- Every cliffhanger episode of Rocky and Bullwinkle ends with an example of this.
- One episode of Teen Titans did this repeatedly, the episode title itself ("Bunny Raven, or How to Make a Titananimal Disappear") being one example.
- The casino episode of The Simpsons had a Shout-Out to Dr. Strangelove with the title "$pringfield, or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Legalized Gambling".
- Both Mission Hill and Stroker and Hoop did this. Both of them, however, only lasted 13 episodes.
- The Hanna-Barbera version of Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventures featured an episode where our heroes fetch Mozart and Little Richard, titled "The Birth Of Rock And Roll, or: Too Hip For The Womb."
- The finale of The Robonic Stooges was titled "Stooges, You're Fired." Reference sources have the Either Or title as "The Day The Mirth Stood Still."
- Hanna-Barbera's 1967 revisionist version of Alice in Wonderland had the alternate title What's a Nice Kid Like You Doing in a Place Like This?
- The Powerpuff Girls homage to Rocky And Bullwinkle, I See A Funny Cartoon In Your Future uses this. The antagonist is Madame Argentina, a crooked fortune teller who leaves the girls in a literal cliffhanger using three Powerpuff voodoo dolls. The next episode is "Hoo Doo Voodoo, or: Don't Scrye For Me, Argentina."
- Several Scooby-Doo episodes had alternate titles that were not used. Among them:
- "Scooby-Doo Meets The Addams Family" (or "Wednesday Is Missing")
- "A Dynamic Scooby-Doo Affair" (or "The Counterfeit Caper")
- "Scooby-Doo Meets Laurel & Hardy" (or "The Ghost of Bigfoot")
- "The Caped Crusader Caper" (or "The Sying Fluit...er, Flying Suit")
- ""Who Was That Cat Creature I Saw You With Last Night?'' (or, "Make A Beeline Away From That Feline")
- "Terror, Thy Name Is Zombo" (or "Roller Ghoaster Ride")
- "A Scooby-Doo Christmas" (or "Ho Ho Horrors")
- The Dover Boys at Pimento University or The Rivals of Roquefort Hall follows the same convention that plagued the book series it's parodying, "The Rover Boys".
- A Tom and Jerry cartoon from 1967 is titled Guided Mouse-ille (or Science on a Wet Afternoon).
- Every episode of Black Dynamite has at least two alternative titles, shown and shouted at the start.
- The Looney Tunes short Eatin' on the Cuff or The Moth Who Came to Dinner.
- The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy had two episodes in season 7 with alternate titles. "Everything Breaks" was also known as "Breaking Things To Billy," while "The Show That Dare Not Speak Its Name" had the alternate title "Cubix Rube."
- The Robot Chicken short "Of Moose and Squirrel," a crossover between Rocky and Bullwinkle and Of Mice and Men, ends with a Rocky and Bullinkle cliffhanger spoof, complete with one of these.
- Popeye: One cartoon from the Al Brodax era is titled "Voice from the Deep" or "See Here Sea Hag".
Webcomics, or: All the Fun, No Paper
- Stickman and Cube does this in storylines, e.g., "Robo-Cube. Or, Cube Disappears #2", to make it clear that the comic in question is part of said storyline, and which part in particular.
- Darths & Droids Episode 131: Sour Relations, or "Tell Me More, Tell Me More", followed by Episode 132: Dour Narrations, or "Like, Did He Have a Pod?" The alternate titles constitute a Shout-Out, and a most unexpected one at that.
- El Goonish Shive does it 4 times in one strip with "Nanase: Scantly Clad For Hire" OR "Justin's Frustration" OR PERHAPS "Justin's Cat's Out Of The Bag" OR MAYBE "Dan Couldn't Decide On A Title"
- Every episode of Monster of the Week is titled [parodied X-files episode title], or [author's joke title], like episode one: Pilot, or They Haven't Invented The Theme Song Yet or Revelations, or Scully Gets Her Catholic On.
- Square Root of Minus Garfield pulls a double Shout-Out to Dr. Strangelove and Inception with "Donutception, Or How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Donut (Wars)".
- Every strip in Shaenon Garrity's Affectionate Parody of The X-Files, Monster of the Week opens with the actual title of the episode she's parodying, and then an alternative funny title.
- Prequel -or- Making a Cat Cry: The Adventure. The name says it all, really.
- Balderdash! has had two. The first one was "Balderdash! or, the baker's apprentice". When Afia was introduced, it became "Balderdash! or, a tale of two witches".