"This place needs a name. Yeah... a name fitting for this rugged, adventurous wilderness. From now on, we'll call it... Grooseland!Many a self-aggrandizing dictator has not been satisfied merely with building entire factories to produce busts and portraits of himself. For these rulers, the ultimate statement of their power has been to name or rename entire towns after themselves. Don't be surprised if there's a big Our Founder statue in the central plaza or entrance. Or both. Also covered is the practice of naming something after a close friend, family member, benefactor, loved one, or favorite pet. There is some Truth in Television to this, such as Stalingrad and Saparmurat "Turkmenbashi" Niyazov. Is a common trait of a Villain World. The renamer is likely to be The Caligula or The Generalissimo. Tends to lead to Please Select New City Name a generation or revolution later... Sub-Trope of Meaningful Rename and may be a reason for Istanbul (Not Constantinople). Or, given that that city was itself renamed for a person, Constantinople Not Byzantium. Compare Egocentric Team Naming, Conspicuous Consumption and Airstrip One. Please note that this trope is only about renaming cities. If you're looking for the trope about villains who like to plaster their face all over their cities, that's Malevolent Mugshot.
— Groose, The Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword
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Anime and Manga
- The Tower of Druaga's second season gives us "Meltland".
- Leopard of The Girl Who Leapt Through Space, being big enough to contain a city structure within him, takes pride in his city by, for example, naming all the animal species within him after himself. Crocodilius leopardus, anyone?
- Dragon Ball Z
- Also deserving of mention is Planet Vegeta, which was renamed after the royal line of the Saiyans' king (every male member in this family who ascends the throne seems to bear this name) after they defeated the Tuffles.
- Satan City is named after Mr. Satan following his courageous defeat of Cell. He's not actually in charge, but he does have a large influence.
- Frieza renamed every planet he conquered to "Planet Frieza", with only a number at the end to distinguish them.
- Kyo Kara Maoh!: And when you've got a city that's named "May the great original king and the Mazoku people flourish! And may we never forget, everything that makes up our world came from the first Mazoku! We Mazoku have our wisdom, our bravery, and our ability to push aside feudal lords. As proof of our prosperity, we have our eternal kingdom!"... you have to wonder if the first Mazoku was really, really liked or really, really hated.
- Before it became the more infamous Principality, Mobile Suit Gundam's Side 3 colony cluster was known as the Republic of Zeon once it broke away from the Earth Federation. In other words, Zeon Zum Daikun literally renamed Side 3 after himself when he reformed it into an independent state; the Zabis just kept his name to "honor" him.note
- Inverted in Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann; Kamina City was named by everybody else, having been inspired so much by Kamina that they named their first metropolis in his honor, because it wouldn't be there without his vision of a better place.
- It also helps that Kamina was dead before they even found the Capitol, which Team Dai-Gurren renamed Kamina City after The Battle Of Tepplin.
- Like the example above, Legend of Galactic Heroes has the Free Planets Alliance invert it: their capital world is named Heinessen, with the capital city being Heinessenpolis and dominated by a giant statue of the eponymous Arle Heinessen (plus a large number of more reasonably-sized statues and paintings), because he was the leader of the exiles who escaped from the tiranny of the Galactic Empire of the Goldenbaum dinasty and their High Nobles and martyr of the whole thing (as he died during the voyage). When the New Galactic Empire conquers the Alliance they leave most things as they are, except for the giant statue that gets destroyed.
- The capital of the Galactic Empire, Odin, is presumably named after the Nordic god, and we have no knowledge of some place named after the first emperor Rudolph von Goldenbaum. On the other hand the planet is full of paintings and statues of him, and damaging one is seen as high treason.
- Inverted again with the planet Castrop, as it is its rulers, the von Castrop family, are named after the place (Justified as it's part of their unspecified noble title).
- Griffith's city of Falconia from Berserk. On the one hand, it's a Shining City and a beacon of hope to those who wish for safety and a better life. On the other hand, it lays bare the size of Griffith's ego in a big way — there's hawk, griffin and even seraphim statues all over the city. It's like a desperate cry for attention in a "Hey, look at me! Am I not fantastic?!" kind of way, a level of ego-trip that even rivals many Real Life dictators. And then the guy sets himself as a God-Emperor and The Messiah of the Holy See, and starts bringing back the souls of the dead to amaze his new subjects. Apparently, becoming a demon god and losing his emotions didn't solve this guy's insecurity issues.
- General Tapioca, who renamed the capital of his country to Tapiocapolis. Later, he is overthrown by General Alcázar, who renames the city as Alcázarpolis.
- Pictured above is the capital of Borduria, Szohôd, which is not an example, despite the Sigil Spam and Malevolent Mugshots all over the city of its leader Marshal Plekzy-Gladz (Kurvi-Tasch in the English version).
- In the Marvel Universe, Doctor Doom renamed Latveria's capital Doomstadt, also renaming several of the nation's other cities (to Doomburg, Doomwood, Doomton, etc.). Latveria's greatest holiday is Doom's Day, which is celebrated whenever Doom feels like celebrating.
- This doesn't have to be a dictator in the French adaptation of the Disney comics: Duckburg is called Donaldville for no apparent reason, and Mouseton is called Mickeyville. The English names have the excuse that "Duck" and "Mouse" seem to be common names, but...
- Mocked in PS238 when Tyler mentions that he has problems with geography due to all the rogue island nations named after their supervillain rulers.
- In some fairly old Superman comics, Lex Luthor gets marooned on some far-off planet and the people there somehow elect him ruler. That's because he actually saved them, and they rename the planet to "Lexor" in gratitude. He hangs there quite a bit for a while, mostly because it orbits a red sun. As it turns out, he likes being the good guy (this is the Silver Age mad scientist version), and even gets married. Then it got destroyed in a fight with Superman. He didn't take it well.
- In the modern era, given the Corrupt Corporate Executive version of Lex's rather egocentric fondness for naming things relating to his business after himself and his position as the central person behind Metropolis' rejuvenation in many versions of the story, one gets the impression that the only reason he didn't outright force Metropolis to rename itself 'Lexopolis' is that Superman would have something to say about it.
- Judge Dredd:
- Variant: out in the Cursed Earth, there's a town named Fargoville after the first Chief Judge, Eustace Fargo, and whose inhabitants worship him as a deity. Fargo himself would doubtlessly not have approved.
- In an alternate universe where East Meg One has won the Apocalypse War, Supreme Judge (formerly War Marshal) Kazan has renamed Mega City One Kazangrad.
- Paperinik New Adventures: The Evronians, who live on planet Evron and are ruled by Emperor Evron the Eleventh to the Fifth. Justified in an extra, where apparently the first Evron generated the entire race.
- Tales of the Jedi has a rare instance of a good guy doing this. After Empress Teta finished the Unification Wars to bring the star system under her rule, she renamed it... the Empress Teta system. Imperial title included.
- Variant in the Batman story "24 Hours": Bruce convinces a fellow businessman to use the property he was originally planning to sell for a hefty sum to build a community center instead by appealing to the man's ego, pointing out that he could name the building after himself.
- Family: The city of Oddyseus is named after the superpowered crime family that runs it.
- Issue 12 of the Invader Zim comics show that after Zim takes over the world, he puts up statues and pictures of himself everywhere, renames every street after himself, and lives in a palace designed to look like his own head.
- Subversion: In The Powerpuff Girls story "Squirrly Burly" (DC Comics #1), Bubbles brings an injured squirrel home and nurses it to health with Chemical X. When the girls awaken the next morning, they see that the squirrel has built a statue of Bubbles made entirely of acorns.
- "Tragic Marker" (DC issue #34) has Mojo—using a magic marker that changes things when its label is altered—making the people of Townsville build a statue of him in the middle of town.
- In Knights of the Dinner Table, Newt names his campaign world "Newtonia".
- Doonesbury has a running storyline involving the country of Berzerkistan, led by Trff Bmzklfrpz. Not only did he name a city, lake and mountain range for himself, but he later expanded the name to a month of the year, a plant, and a bird.
- Flash Gordon— Mingo City, anyone?
- Jason in FoxTrot names the setting of his Slug-Man comics "Jasonopolis". Naming things after himself is a Running Gag for him in general.
- An old issue of Hsu and Chan has the brothers create an MMORPG similar to Second Life in which the player lives out lower-middle class life in Tanakapolis. In the game, taxes, the monthly fees to play the game, and other fees are paid by leaving large sacks of money at the foot of two solid gold statues of the brothers and begging that the brothers would not smite you for their own amusement.
Hsu Statue: Louder!
- In The Quest, a Super Mario Bros. fic that has not been updated since the 1990s, Luigi, after being corrupted by an Artifact of Doom, takes over the Mushroom Kingdom and five other countries, and renames them Luigiana 1 through 6.
- Earth under Retro's control in Trouble Island is this. There's a scene where he tries to think of a name for it (among them being Retropia).
- In Mega Man: Defender of the Human Race, Punk plans to rename the Hawaiian Islands Punkatopia.
- Magna Clades has the Chalcopyrite Queendom, which is said to have been named for its very first ruler.
Films — Animation
- In Megamind, Hal Stewart (the cameraman wooing for news reporter Roxanne Ritchie) is the "unfortunate" recipient of Metro Man's super powers, and calls himself "Tighten" (a misspelling of "Titan"). However, he decides to become a supervillain instead. He goes over the edge when he finds out Megamind is in love with Roxanne, and causes chaos in the city. One of the things "Tighten" proceeds to do is burn "Tightenville" into the cityscape of Metro City.
- The Emperor's New Groove: In a weird inversion/subtle meta example, Kuzco is named after the historical capital of the Inca Empire, but the city's name is never mentioned in the show (though it would be in character). He does plan on building "Kuzcotopia," though. Still a subversion because Kuzcotopia isn't a literal new city, but an awesome summer home.
- The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie: After enslaving everyone in Bikini Bottom with his mind controlling Chum Bucket helmets, Plankton converts Bikini Bottom into Planktopolis, complete with several giant stone statues of himself.
- In Home, Captain Smek renames Earth "Smekland".
Films — Live-Action
- Superman: The Movie: Lex Luthor has already planned to rename at least a dozen cities with some form of "Lex" or "Luthor" following completion of his plot. Luthorville, Marina del Lex, etc. Humorously, he gets angry when his henchman tries to name a town "Otisburg", so much so he makes him erase it from his makeshift map.
- It's a Wonderful Life: Bedford Falls is renamed Pottersville in the Alternate Universe where the town is ruled by George Bailey's rival, Mr. Potter. Though ironically, there's no similar implication of egocentrism in the fact that the housing park built by George's father is named "Bailey Park".
- In the Street Fighter movie, M. Bison announces his plan to build "Bisonopolis" once he takes over the world. In a possible sign that the producers realized Raul Julia was the best thing they had, he gets to spend nearly two and a half minutes strolling around the room and ranting about it. They are in the running for the best two and a half minutes of the whole movie.
Also, Bison Dollars. They'll be worth five British Pounds to a dollar once Bison kidnaps their Queen. Of course, trying to pass them off as currency before that happens wasn't particularly advisable....
- Todd Spengo does this to an entire planet in the backstory of Mom and Dad Save the World. Whatever it was is lost to the sands of history, but he is proud to be the Emperor of Planet Spengo.
- TRON: Legacy has TRON City as the setting of the main action. It's a subversion, though, since it was Kevin Flynn's idea, and Tron never was a dictator, more like a protector of the system.
- In Back to the Future Part II, the Biff Tannen of 1985-A turns Hill Valley into a dystopian egopolis, complete with a casino/museum all about his life in this alternate timeline.
- In Wild Wild West, Dr. Loveless plans to force the US Government to surrender to him and has allied with various foreign powers to return their historical "property" to them in exchange for gold, while keeping most of the Northwest for himself. On his map, this area is called Loveless Land.
- Book 1 of The Fabled Lands takes place not long after a civil war in Sokara. The capital, Old Sokar, has been renamed Marlock City after the conquering General Grieve Marlock.
- Referenced in Broken Angels: Tak and his companions refer jokingly to General Kemp's HQ Indigo City as Kempopolis.
- Doctor Impossible in Soon I Will Be Invincible plans to rename New York City when he takes over the world, as either Impossible City or Impossibleopolis.
- A variant is found in, of all places, Northern Lights (or The Golden Compass), the first book of the His Dark Materials trilogy: it is mentioned that Iofur Raknison, being completely enchanted with Magnificent Bitch in residence Marisa Coulter, will soon create a capital city for the armored bears, and name it after her.
- Star Wars Expanded Universe
- Done by the Empire on a planetary scale by renaming Coruscant to Imperial Center, though most still refer to it as Coruscant.
- The ecumenopolis Empress Teta, which was named after the empress who united the planet and fought off the Sith invasion. Even the region is called the Empress Teta system.
- Utoxx Prentioch names his Imperial Remnant faction and flagship after himself. 
- In Graham McNeill's Warhammer 40,000 Ultramarines novel The Killing Ground, Barbaran renamed the capital of the conquered planet after himself. After he dies for the massacre he staged, Uriel thinks it quite certain that the capital will be renamed.
- In the Tunnels series, Adventure Archaeologist Dr. Burrows, while heroic, has a somewhat alarming tendency to attempt to rename anything he discoveries after himself.
Dr. Burrows: "The Garden of the Second Sun"... I shall call it "Roger Burrows Land"!
- In the Warcraft novel The War of the Ancients, the night elf capital is renamed Zin-Azshari, or "Glory of Azshara", after their queen Azshara. This was apparently not enough for her, who wanted to rename it "Azshara". Ruins of the city can be found in World of Warcraft in the region of Azshara (hmm...).
- In Atlas Shrugged, when Cuffy Meigs and his "Friends of the People" take over Project X, they rename its site "Meigsville", the intended capital of their feudal domain. It doesn't last long. On the heroic (well, for a given value of...) side, Hank Reardon admits that he loves nothing so much as to plaster his name over everything he touches, and of course John Galt lives in... Galt's Gulch.
- Though, to be fair, Galt did not name it. (Midas Mulligan would seem to have naming rights, but he accepted the popular nickname for the valley.)
- 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea: Captain Nemo offers us a variant when he claims an entire continent for himself, acting like a sovereign:
"...Well now! In 1868, on this 21st day of March, I myself, Captain Nemo, have reached the South Pole at 90°, and I hereby claim this entire part of the globe, equal to one–sixth of the known continents."
"In the name of which sovereign, Captain?"
"In my own name, sir!"
So saying, Captain Nemo unfurled a black flag bearing a gold "N" on its quartered bunting. Then, turning toward the orb of day, whose last rays were licking at the sea's horizon:
"Farewell, O sun!" he called. "Disappear, O radiant orb! Retire beneath this open sea, and let six months of night spread their shadows over my new domains!"
- One Alternate History book, derived from notes taken during World War II, suggested that had it been taken and held, St. Petersburg — at that point called Leningrad — and Stalingrad would have been renamed Hitlerhafen, to symbolize the Nazis' ultimate victory over Communism and its two Soviet icons. (See the Real Life section).
- Sisterhood Series by Fern Michaels: Game Over introduces Henry "Hank" Jellicoe, who has a mansion in a location with his name on it. His company Jellicoe Global Securities naturally has his name on it. Cross Roads reveals that he has an airline with his name on it. As it turns out, all this is Foreshadowing to The Reveal.
- In A Song of Ice and Fire, the noble house Arryn rules the Vale of Arryn. It is implied that the first Andal king named the place after himself when he conquered it.
- Lannisport, fiefdom of the great house Lannister and home of its cadet branch, was also named after its founder, Lann the Clever.
- Harren the Black, a tyrannical king of the Iron Isles and the Riverlands who lived during the Targaryen Conquest, named his castle in the Riverlands (the biggest castle in all Westeros, qualifying as a town in itself) Harrenhal.
- In Book of Swords, the Silver Queen rules the kingdom of Yambu. Her name is also Yambu. This may be a case, however, of the Real Life trope (see below) of calling a monarch after her kingdom, but even after she is deposed, no other name is ever given for her or her former kingdom. Also, her parents' names are never mentioned, so it is not clear if this was a custom or what have you.
- A possiblenote and somewhat Narmful example from the Mobile Suit Gundam Wing novel Frozen Teardrop, where the capital of Mars is Relena City. It's also used to establish a Face–Heel Turn, as normally the character in question would be the last person to found an Egopolis.
- In the Vorkosigan Saga, the planet Barrayar is ruled by the Royally Screwed Up Vorbarra family. As Vor- is a prefix denoting aristocracy, the family name at the time of the original settlement was "Barra".
- Fiona Patton's Tales of the Branion Realm are set on Braniana's Island, named after its conqueror and first monarch, but everything else with the word "Bran" in it — the palace, the capital, half its monuments — is named for her brother, who is said to have built them.
- Inverted at the end of ColSec Rebellion: After Samella saves the day, Cord suggests naming the newly-discovered planet that the central cast will be surveying for her. The rest of the kids approve, but Samella protests.
- Zil Sperry from GONE wanted to rename Perdido Beach Sperry beach after he burns it down, kills half the super-powered freaks and then enslaved the other half. His plan doesn't even get off the ground.
- In The Psalms of Isaak, the Wizard King Ahm Y'Zir founded The Empire of Y'Zir, whose capital city is Ahm's Glory (featuring a massive statue of Ahm himself as a central landmark). Not a humble man, though the fact that his followers regarded him as a living god probably didn't help matters any.
- In the Ciaphas Cain book Death or Glory, Cain destroys an Ork-occupied city at the start of his "March of the Liberator" (his first men were prisoners he broke out from the city). He later learned that the city had been rebuilt as Cainstead by the planet's inhabitants.
- Mentioned as one of the extremes of political power in Jon Stewart's America (The Book).
"I now proclaim myself Supreme Leader of The United States of Myselfia. Commence with the killing of the redheads."
- In Captain French, or the Quest for Paradise, the planet Murphy is named for Simon Murphy, the first leader of the colony. Surprisingly, this is the only example despite the mentions of numerous dictatorships.
- The Pioneers is set in Templeton on Lake Otsego, which is lorded over by its founder Marmaduke Temple. It is an expy of the real-world down of Cooperstown, NY, which was founded by William Cooper, the father of author James Fenimore Cooper.
- According to The Compleat Discworld Atlas, the current capital of Istanzia is Georginople, and its current ruler (head of the military junta) is, of course, George.
- Jack Vance's Demon Princes series opens at Smade's Tavern, on the shore of Smade's Ocean; it's the only building on Smade's Planet.
- In The Squares of the City by John Brunner, the city in question is Vados, built by President Vados as the new capital of his Banana Republic.
- Traces of this remain in place-names in the Village Tales novels (reflecting Real Life topography in the UK). Cliff Ambries and Shifford ("Sheep Ford") Ombres are named for the mythic Ambrosius Aurelianus of the Arthurian cycle; Somerford Mally, Semelford Malet, and Chalford Mallet preserve the name of the baronial Malet family, a daughter of which bore James II a bastard son who became the first Duke of Taunton; Pebbury and Pebdown owe their names to a Saxon named Pebba, and Compton Clare was once owned by a lord of the House of Clare; Woolfont Abbas was shown on some ultra-Protestant maps post-Reformation as Woolfont "Ducis," Duke's Woolfont rather than the Abbot's....
- In Bend Sinister by Vladimir Nabokov, the dictator Paduk rules an unnamed country whose capital is Padukgrad.
- Subverted in Deepsix. The protagonists are irritated to hear that various geographical features they've just discovered on an unexplored planet have been named after influential figures the bureaucrats back home are trying to butter up. So what's new, you ask? The planet is about to be destroyed by a Colony Drop, so all this sycophancy is completely worthless.
- In The Big Bang Theory episode "The Pants Alternative", Sheldon has an imaginary SimCity, Sheldonopolis, with Sheldon Square, Sheldon Towers, Sheldon Stadium (the home of The Fighting Sheldons) and Shel-Mart.
- Las Vegas: Neither of them gets the chance to go through with it, but before her death billionaire Monica Mancuso planned to rename the Montecito Resort and Casino The Monica when she was the property's owner, while Sam Marquez toys with renaming it the "Samecito" when she later inherits the ownership from Casey Manning.
- New Zoo Revue features an episode where some of the regulars are tempted about founding a new city, especially in naming it, Emily claims the "Emiliopolis Museum", Charlie Owl prefers "Charlinati", and Henrietta Hippo holds out for "Henriettaville". In the end, cooler heads prevail.
- Horrible Histories parodies the proliferation of Alexandrias in one sketch. (Is it Turkish for Alexandria?) There's also one where a lot of things in the New World are being named after King James but one guy wants to name something after himself...but his name is James too.
- Danger 5 Time Travel to a Bad Future where Hitler has taken over the world. Everyone (male or female) wears Hitler moustaches, and there's Hitler burgers, Hitler sitcoms, even Hitler porn!
- Goosebumps: Karl Knave, the villain of the "Chillogy" episodes, makes his residence in a miniature town he rules called Karlsville.
- On Adam Ruins Everything, Adam and a Miss Kitty character named Miss Pearl explain that many of the towns of the Wild West started out as work camps with no women. When women finally did come to the Frontier, many of them were looking for economic opportunity...but, being the 1800's, there weren't many options for women other than The Oldest Profession. However, despite its many downsides, it was quite a lucrative profession (and given where many of the Old West towns started, there was quite a demand for it). Many of the prostitutes and madames of the Old West used their newfound wealth to turn those settlements from work camps to actual towns. Miss Pearl has done this (with the help of the other women working for her), and named the place "Pearltown."
Mythology and Religion
- In the Ravenloft setting, the domain of Markovia is named for its darklord, Frantisek Markov. Strahd von Zarovich came close to this trope, re-naming the highlands he'd reclaimed from invaders "Barovia" after his father, King Barov.
- Champions: When Malachite conquered a set of islands and established them as his personal fiefdom, he named his new kingdom the Malachite Isles.
- In Traveller, there is a subsector of space named the Five Sisters because a Bold Explorer named five planets after his five daughters. Actually kind of cute.
- While it is rare in the modern day of the setting, Eberron, all of the Five Nations of Galifar as well as Galifar itself fell here — when Karrn the Conqueror forged a kingdom, he named it Karrnath. When Galifar used Karrnath as a base to conquer the continent, he named the united kingdom Galifar, and put his children as governors of each of the Five Nations... each of which soon was renamed for their new governors (except for Karrnath, as it was already named for the namesake of its governor, Galifar's eldest son Karrn).
- Pathfinder has the nations of Geb and Nex and their feuding founders King Geb and King Nex. As a pair of immensely powerful wizards their ego was at least fairly well justified, and while Nex disappeared millennia ago, the ghost of Geb is still on the throne over five thousand years later.
- In Warhammer 40,000, the largest structure on Earth, built after the Emperor's conquest of the planet and during his expansion into the galaxy, is basically an arcology-capital for the entire Imperium and was intended to be such from the beginning. It houses a population of billions, including major institutions of the early Imperium. Its name? The Emperor's Palace.
- In Peer Gynt, Peer dreams about creating a city called Gyntiana.
- In BIONICLE, Makuta renames the Matoran universe "The Makutaverse" after he takes over it.
- In several of the 3D Sonic the Hedgehog games, Eggman's stated ambition is to conquer the country/world and rename it "The Eggman Empire" or "Eggmanland." Its capital will be Station Square, which he will rename "Robotnikland".
- One of the simplest examples comes from the Sonic SatAM cartoons and comics: Dr. Robotnik takes over Mobotropolis and renames it Robotropolis.
- In the Archie comics, his right-hand-man Snively briefly takes over and renames it "Snivopolis".
- In Sonic Unleashed Eggman actually succeeds in creating Eggmanland, which is effectively a Circus of Fear and an Eternal Engine in one. Fittingly enough, it's considered by many to be the hardest level in the game and one of the hardest levels in the entire Sonic franchise.
- In the OVA, Robotnik already has his city of Eggmanland (or Robotropolis in the English dub). The lights of the city even form a picture of his face◊.
- New Pork City from MOTHER 3.
- In Rocket: Robot on Wheels, Jojo the Raccoon, tired of being second banana to Whoopie World, kidnaps the walrus and rewires the whole park. Towards the end of the game, you discover that Jojo built his own amusement park called JojoWorld. After thwarting Jojo's schemes, Whoopie World is renamed RocketLand after the protagonist.
- The Tropico Series of video games. The Main/Playable Character, El Presidente, has the option of building monuments to himself, not only to please his or her own ego, but also to appease the Loyalist Faction In-Game.
- Final Fantasy
- In Final Fantasy VIII, Vinzer Deling, the Galbadian dictator, has the capital of Deling City named after him.
- You wouldn't know just from playing Final Fantasy II, but the empire's capital of Palamecia is actually the last name of its leader, Mateus Palamecia. Not unrealistic, as lots of ruling houses either lent their name to the land they owned or vice versa. Too bad Everyone Calls Him The Emperor, and you only learn his real name in the (Japan-only) novelization, also that none of them seem to go into detail about which was "Palamecia" first, the country or the imperial line.
- A familial example could be found in the Republic of Dave in Fallout 3, a small ranch owned by a guy named Dave, who took it over from his father Tom, back when it was the Kingdom of Tom. Nonetheless, it is actually run on a democracy, with an election that can be rigged so that his son or wife can win (changing the name to Bobland/Bobtopia or the Democracy of Rosie in the process), which if they do he'll go off to make a new Republic of Dave.
Come visit the scenic Republic of Dave! Formerly the Kingdom of Tom, formerly the New Republic of Stevie-Ray, formerly Billsylvania, formerly the Republic of Stevie-Ray, formerly the Kingdom of Larry...
- Chrono Trigger: With the old Queen Zeal and the pesky gurus gone, Dalton was quickly to rename the Kingdom of Zeal to the Kingdom of Dalton. He also captured and modified the Epoch to transforms it into the Aero Dalton Imperial, a flying throne fitting for the new King.
- Rezopolis, from Gex.
- A prime example is the team the Slaycity Slayers from Mutant League Football, where both team and city got their name changed as part of the contract with star player K.T. Slayer. The team also appears in Mutant League Hockey; according to the manual, Slayer is paid so much the team can't afford to hire any decent players to support him, making him their sole strong point. Also his coach is afraid of him.
- In Dragon Quest III, this happens to a modest little frontier town that the heroes help get established. Over time, the village's leader starts seriously abusing their power, until, at the height of their reign, they're practically living like a king. The twist? Said egomaniac is the Merchant you convinced to settle down there in the first place and help it grow.
- Played for Laughs in Dragon Quest VII: after you help Sim build up his new town to a certain point, he decides it's time to give it a name and has three suggestions for it. All three follow this naming convention, but are variants on your hero's name. Reject all three, and he gives you the chance to name it whatever you wish.
- The King (Mickey Mouse) in Kingdom Hearts. Though he's on your side, you have to wonder about a king who stamps his silhouette on damn near everything in his realm....
- Maybe it's not his silhouette, but the Queen's (Minnie Mouse), as Dream Drop Distance reveals she was the one of Royal Blood, combined with Kingdom Hearts II showing Mickey started as a boat driver...
- Depending on how you play, you can name your alliance in Star Control 2 after yourself.
- One of the worlds that your journey brings you to in LittleBigPlanet 2 is Avalonia, an Eternal Engine city created by Avalon Centrifuge. A rare example of a good guy doing this.
- Rune Factory Frontier has a side character named Roland (which was changed to Nolan in the localization), the former king of the Kingdom of Roland. It's unspecified whether this is in effect or inverted (i.e. he was named Roland because he was to be the King of Roland).
- The Warcraft universe has the city of Thaurissan, named by (and after) Sorcerer-thane Thaurissan when he declared himself emperor of the Dark Iron dwarves. Destroyed when Emperor Thaurissan summoned Ragnaros the Firelord, its ruins are in what became the Burning Steppes.
- In The Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword, when Groose accidentally falls down to the surface, he realizes how nice of a place it looks. Grand music starts building up, and then he decides to christen it... Grooseland. The music promptly dies in hilarious fashion. Naturally, the name doesn't stick.
- Super Mario Bros.:
- As the name would suggest, Neo Bowser City in Mario Kart 7 is one.
- The Valley of Bowser from Super Mario World.
- In Super Mario 3D World, the eighth world with huge Ferris wheels and other attractions with Bowser's face emblem plastered on them, a towering neon animatronic Bowser looming over the world and for the fact that the world number is also replaced with Bowser's emblem, earning it the name World Bowser.
- Every ballpark in Mario Super Sluggers: Mario Stadium, Daisy Cruiser, Peach Opera House, Luigi's Mansion, Bowser Jr. Playroom, Bowser's Castle, DK Jungle, Wario City and Yoshi Park.
- The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind: Played straight for the Tribunal deities Vivec and Sotha Sil, who each created their own namesake cities. Averted for Almalexia, who instead chose to settle in the pre-existing capital of Morrowind, Mournhold. (Though some maps and in-game texts do refer to Mournhold as "Almalexia.")
- Endless Space takes this to its logical extreme with the "Horatio" faction, a faction composed entirely of clones of a United Empire trillionaire. Their mission is apparently to spruce up the stars with the most beautiful being in the universe...Horatio.
- In Borderlands 2, it's revealed later on that Handsome Jack renamed the town of Fyrestone from the first game into Jackville in order to remind the Crimson Raiders of their failures.
- Played for Laughs in Hyperdimension Neptunia V where the protagonist Neptune declares that there should be more "Nep" in Planeptune (as if the name of her city wasn't an Egopolis enough). She declares that the base height for everything is one Nep or 1.46 meters (aka her height).
- One of the many parody commercials in You Don't Know Jack feature the transmissions of Ted, a guy who thinks he's living in a world After the End. In the first transmission, he says that he'll rename Earth "Tedonia".
- A Hat in Time has Mafia Town, an island city owned by the Mafia of Cooks. Mafia pictures and statues are all over the town, along with banners saying things such as "IF IT AIN'T MAFIA, IT AIN'T QUALITY!" and "MAFIA OF COOKS #1 AT EVERYTHING".
- The final stage is a world controlled by Mustache Girl, filled with imagery of her and her mustache.
- In Yu-Gi-Oh! Reshef of Destruction, Seto Kaiba makes a theme park called Kaibaland.
- Castle Ironfist in (the old setting of) Might and Magic and Heroes of Might and Magic was the name for the castle, city and region of the Ironfist dynasty, founded by Lord Morglin Ironfist... although to be fair, if Heroes I was any guide he founded the castle and city, and the region didn't seem to have a local name beforehand. He also stopped with the egopolis business there, naming his new kingdom after the continent it dominated, Enroth.
- Homestar Runner
- Strong Bad has his own country in a vacant lot behind Bubs' Concession Stand, Strong Badia (Population: Tire).
- In the second episode of Strong Bad's Cool Game for Attractive People, almost all the other characters get in on it. Not all of them fit the model:
- A tiny part of Strong Badia is claimed by the Cheat and the Tire as "The Cheat and Tireia." (Yes, it rhymes with "diarrhea." And yes, Strong Bad noticed.)
- Homestar and Marzipan found Marzistar (or is it Homezipan?) at Marzy's house. It later splits into East Marzistar and East Homzipan, separated by Checkpoint The Cheat.
- Bubs' Concession Stand becomes Concessionstan-tinople.
- Strong Sad takes over the House of Strong and renames it Bleak House.
- Pom Pom lays claim to Club Technochocolate as the capital of his country, Pompomerania.
- Homsar can be found in the Homsar Reservation.
- Strong Mad takes over the area around the stone bridge. Being rather dim, he names it "COUNTRY".
- Coach Z's country (not shown, but can be assumed to be the athletic field/locker room) is called Coachnya.
- The Poopsmith's country (mercifully not shown), is called Poopslovakia. It's probably best not to speculate on what it consists of.
- The inanimate objects in the Field get them as well: the Cool Car is divided into Frontzeatserland and Hatchbackistan, the photo booth becomes Snapshakland, the stick becomes Stickstenstein, the brick wall becomes the Union of Soviet Socialist Repubricks, the fence is divided into the People's Republic of Front-au-Fence and the Backfence Revolutionaries, and the Blubbo's Whale becomes "50% Off Apple Pie Charts".
- Played with in Bonus Stage, when Joel builds a city and names it Philopolis, after the other main character.
- Ratboy Genius lives in The Ratboy Kingdom, near Lake Genius and the Ratboy Canal.
- The infamous Sonichu comics are set in "Cwcville", after Christian Weston Chandler. (It's apparently pronounced "Quick-ville" judging by the audiobooks and the bad puns.) The currency is named after him (C-Quarters, W-Quarters, and confusingly C-QUARTERS), the only known radio station is KCWC, the drink of choice is CWC Cola note ), and the mayor's birthday is celebrated as a holiday, under the name of Christian Love Day.
- The terrible country of Tyrinaria in The Order of the Stick, home to Lord Tyrinar the Bloody, and source of a good deal of backstory motivation for Haley. The problem being that, by the time Haley gets to the continent where it is located, it's not there anymore; countries there tend to get conquered, renamed, and conquered again every year or so. At current time, there's a Cruelvania, Dictatoria, and two Despotonias (East and West).
- As it happens, Tyrinaria has been absorbed by the Empire of Blood, where the Order eventually finds themselves in. And Tyrinar the Bloody was in fact a meek little man who was just another patsy for The Man Behind the Man who now controls the Empire of Blood.
- Liquid from The Last Days of FOXHOUND tried to get Outer Heaven named "Liquidia" a few times, but his colleagues don't go for it.
- Muh Phoenix: Utopia here is named "Cyclops' Island".
- The Chaos Timeline has among others Haraldsborg (our New York City), Wildenhartburg (Chicago), Alexandersborg (Cape Town) and Fort Knox (Singapore).
- Carltopia in The Jenkinsverse.
- In one Onion article, Clinton renames the U.S. as the Holy United Imperial Americlintonian Demopublic after declaring himself President For Life.
- Outside Xbox name their Cities: Skylines project "Oxboxford", with a university called the Jane Douglas Institute, a hospital called Dr. Andy's Horrortorium, and a crematorium called Mike's Grill. It has such charming elements as the roads arranged into a giant "OX" in the centre, with the international airport positioned very nearby so new visitors can get a good look, and an enormously over-illuminated statue.
- In A More Personal Union, Ferdinand of Uceda names the new city that would be Panama City in OTL after himself when he makes it his capital in the New World. Though everyone else takes to calling it El Dorado instead.
- Pineapple Pokopo and Pokoponesia in The Tick (who was ported directly from the Tick comics). Pokoponesia's primary export is pineapples, in what is surely a giant coincidence.
- Not a leader, but Mutant League Football give us KT Slayer, the star player of... the Slaycity Slayers. Hmmm, must have had Dethklok negotiate his contract.
- Avatar: The Last Airbender
- Azulon City, presumably named for — and most likely by — Fire Lord Azulon.
- Omashu was renamed to the city of New Ozai, after the current Fire Lord, after being conquered by the Fire Nation. This of course implies there is another city named Ozai.
- Omashu itself was, according to legend, named after a pair of lovers named Oma and Shu.
- Omashu is something of a subversion as it is pretty heavily implied to be named in Memoriam, if not for the couple, at least for Shu.
- Kyoshi Island was named after Avatar Kyoshi, its most famous past resident. Pretty justified, since she basically made it herself, breaking her home peninsula off from the mainland.
- In ReBoot, when Megabyte takes over Mainframe, he renames it Megaframe.
- In The Emperor's New School, everything seems to be named after Kuzco. And in the episode where Yzma finally manages to take over, she renames everything after herself. She takes it even further than Kuzco, and sings an awesome Villain Song about this very trope (see the Quotes Page).
- Kim Possible
- Dr. Drakken plans way too far ahead, to what he'll name certain places after his "inevitable victory". When he launches an attack on the Great White North, he plans to rename it Drakanada.
- Shego pulls this herself. In the future where she takes over the world, she changes Middleton to Shegoton, Upperton to North Shegoton, and even the clothing chain store Club Banana to Club Shego, leading to one of quotes in the quote page.
- Brain of Pinky and the... tried it a few times. He gets his own island country in a bid for US foreign aid, naming it Brainania. He then goes on to name every single feature of the island after himself (at least until Pinky gives him Puppy-Dog Eyes, resulting in the Fjord of Pinky.) In another episode, where he does end up in control of the Earth — by making a duplicate out of papier-mache and convincing everyone else to go there with free T-shirts — he renames the original Earth "Brainus", presumably following the pattern of either Venus or Uranus. The new planet, on the other hand, was Chia Earth.
- Even though it's a country, Petoria, named after Peter Griffin of Family Guy, is only the size of the Griffin's house and front/back yard, with the entire city of Quahog surrounding it, effectively making it the smallest country in the world (surrounded by the smallest state in America, no less). To drive the point home, the national flag has the words "PETORIA" and a crude drawing of Peter on a white background.
Peter: I was gonna call it Peterland, but that gay bar down by the airport already took it.
- And in a slight variation, when Peter decides to "annex" his neighbor Joe's swimming pool as Petoria's "newest province", he renames it "Joehio".
- Crockerville in The Fairly Oddparents TV movie "Abra-Catastrophe."
- In the Wonderful Life episode of Donkey Kong Country, the Alternate Universe version of Diddy, who's an evil dictator, says that he plans to rename the island Diddyland when he takes over.
- The Transformers episode, "Megatron's Master Plan." The Autobots have been driven from Earth and Megatron conquers a city. Megs: "I christen this city Megatronia One! Soon there will be many more!"
- An episode of Ben 10: Alien Force concerns another reappearance of original series Big Bad Vilgax, taking place on his home planet/kingdom, Vilgaxia.
- Phineas and Ferb:
- Dr. Doofenshmirtz built his own floating city and called it... Doofania.
- There's also the Bad Future version of Danville ruled by Doofenshmirtz as well as the alternate dimension ruled by an eviler Doofenshmirtz from the movie.
- And of course, a meta-example: the show takes place in Danville, Jefferson County, Some Unspecified State. The show's creators are named Dan and Jeff.
- Simultaneously subverted and inverted with the title theme park in the direct-to-DVD release Pollyworld. The subversion is the fact that it's a theme park and not a country. The inversion is that Polly Pocket's father created the theme park and named it after his daughter, making it a lot like U.S. fast food chain Wendy's Old Fashioned Hamburgers.
- In an episode of Sabrina: The Animated Series, Sabrina travels back in time three times to prevent herself from being portrayed as a hero. Oon the fourth try, she travels back 100 years to turn the bridge from wood to stone; when she returns, she finds that Greendale is now called Sabrinaville, and everyone in town is now named "Sabrina".
- In an episode of Gargoyles, Goliath and Elisa end up in a Bad Future where Xanatos has taken over New York City and renamed it "Xanatopia". Except not really, as it's really Lexington pulling the strings. Except not really really, as the whole shenanigan is just an illusion crafted by Puck. The actual Xanatos is above this kind of thing, really.
- In one episode of Care Bears: Adventures in Care-a-Lot, Grizzle actually manages to take over Care-a-Lot, and orders the Care Bears to tear it down in order to build Grizzleton.
- A veriation occurs in Jimmy Two-Shoes. Lucius leaves the name of the town of Miseryville alone, but all the months of the year are renamed after him (Luciapril, Luciember, etc.) With the exception of Semvember.
- On Stōked!, Reef attempts to name an island he and Fin are stranded on "Reeftopia".
- In Exo Squad, the Big Bad Phaeton renames Chicago to Phaeton City after setting up his capital there.
- In the episode Magic Duel of My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic, Trixie turns Ponyville into one after she beats Twilight Sparkle in the first duel.
- Shredderville from the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1987) episode of the same name. It's the name given to New York in an alternate reality dream where the Turtles never existed in the first place and Shredder became its absolute ruler.
- Every planet discovered by the titular Captain Star is named after him. Hilariously, the one episode where they actually discover a new planet on-screen (or rather, it's created by venting the spare magma out of another planet with a massive pipe. It was a weird show, okay?) has it happen when Star is technically no longer a captain. Science Officer Scarlet, the current acting captain, swiftly pounces on this to name it "Planet Scarlet". Granted said captains are hardly villains, but they are kind of jerks.
- In Peter And The Magic Egg, Tinwhiskers owns so much of the town that he renames it Tintown.
- Alexander the Great was a serial offender. There were about a dozen cities named Alexandria, with the odd Alexandropolis thrown in. Some of them were given translations of his name to the local languages, such as Kandahar in what's now Afghanistan. When he was feeling really creative, he named one city Bucephala, after his horse, Bucephalus. The generals who took over his domains often named cities after themselves, like Antiocheia (now Antakya) for Antiochos and Seleukeia for Seleukos. (There are actually several Antiochs scattered about.)
- He founded almost all of those cities rather than renaming them from something else—or to be precise, he expanded certain existing settlements so much that it probably should count as a new foundation. This wasn't a vanity project: he needed somewhere to house the large numbers of of Greek veterans and civilians that followed his conquests. A prime example is the one in Egypt (by far the largest, most famous, and most successful of the lot): there was a reasonably sized fishing town and port city called Rakote on the site, but Alexander ordered the construction of a large, planned Greek-style city in the area around the town to serve as the center of the Greek community in Egypt and to attract more trade. The result was that Rakote became the Egyptian quarter of Alexandria, a bustling multiethnic port/metropolis/royal capital.
- Histeria! once had a sketch with Toast asking for "directions to Alexandria," with him answering each set with a "No, not that Alexandria."
- As did a sketch in Horrible Histories, where Alexander decides to name a new city of his Alexandria and his advisor reminds him of all the other Alexandrias he'd founded and suggests against it. Alex concedes the point and instead names it Iskenderun, because it's Turkish for Alexandria.
- Alexander was really only following in family tradition. His father, Philip II, named and re-named cities after himself too - most prominently Philippi on he site of the conquered city of Crenides (later sometimes known as Crenides-Philippi).
- Subverted with Emperor Hadrian, who traveled throughout the entire Roman Empire, commissioning buildings and civil works projects wherever he went. Many of those cities renamed themselves Hadrianopolis in order to enjoy the emperor's favor. Played straight with Antinoopolis, the city he founded in memory of his dead lover.
- The Russian cities St. Petersburg (originally named by Peter The Great not for himself, but for the saint that was his namesake) was renamed Petrograd (during WWI because it sounded too German), then Leningrad (five days after Lenin's death to elevate Lenin as Our Founder). After the end of Cold War, it was renamed St. Petersburg again;note . Then there's Stalingrad (now Volgograd, formerly Tsaritsyn). There's a move to rename it back to Stalingrad, not in honour of Stalin but in honour of the famous victory over Germany, which coupled with the awful Siege of Leningrad has ensured that these renamings endured in global consciousness.
- Volgograd is a very weird subversion, since Leon Trotsky put in his autobiography that Joseph Stalin was very ambitious and insistent on capturing the city (then called Tsaritsyn, but the name comes from Tatar language and is not etymologically related to the Russian word 'Tsar') during the Civil War instead of obeying his orders and helping other regiments. It was only after Lenin's death that he managed to rename the city into Stalingrad (possibly as a Monument of Humiliation and Defeat against his old rival). After the de-stalinization process in the 50s, the city was finally renamed Volgograd.
- There were proposals by Soviet citizens in 1930s that Moscow itself be renamed Stalinodar in honor of the man, but seeing it as going too far, Stalin rejected the proposal and earlier actually banned further renaming of cities after him.
- After Lenin's death, the city of Simbirsk (where he was born) was renamed Ulianovsk, after Lenin's original name, and in fact the regional district there (the oblast in Russian) still goes by that name.
- Likewise, the dacha where he died was renamed from simply Gorky to Gorky Leninskiye.
- Königsberg had a double strike against it when the Soviets took over. It had a German name which translated as the King's City. So it was renamed Kaliningrad after the recently deceased Soviet official Mikhail Kalinin. The city of Tver was also renamed Kalinin but was changed back to its original name in 1990. That said, the city (which is the westernmost in Russia, being an exclave wedged between Poland and Lithuania) is one of the more Westernized cities in the country, and it's common for people from the city to call it "Kyonig" (a shortened, Russified form of the German name).
- Nizhny Novgorod was named Gorky from 1932 until 1990, after Soviet writer and revolutionary activist Maxim Gorky, who was born there. He died in 1936, so it was named such while he was still living.
- The rename famously did not affect the major automobile company there, which although it started as Nizhegorodsky Avtomobilny Zavod (Nizhny Novgorod Automobile Factory, or NNAZ for short) it remains to this day Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod (Gorky Automobile Factory, GAZ for short), on account of developing a punning association with gazelles along the way.
- Yekaterinburg was named for Empress Catherine I (Peter the Great's wife, not to be confused with Catherine the Great (II)) in 1723. It was renamed Sverdlovsk from 1924-1991, after Bolshevik leader Yakov Sverdlov, who played a key role in ordering the execution of the Romanovs. This renaming was posthumous and definitely intended to taunt the White Army and it was subsequently renamed back to Yekaterinaburg after the Cold War.
- An example featuring repeated Please Select New City Name: In 1869, a Welsh fellow named Hughes established a mining and factory town on the Seversky Donets River in modern-day Ukraine (or Novorossia, depending on who you ask), which was named Yuzovka in his honour; this city grew and grew and eventually became a major industrial hub. After the Red October, it was seen as unfitting to have a foreign capitalist's name on a major city like this, so the name was changed in 1923-24 (some say it was briefly Trotsk, after Trotsky, in late 1923), first to Stalin and then to Stalino (in the late 20s or early 30s; it's not clear). Finally, in 1961 (after Stalin's death and denunciation), the city was given its current name, Donetsk, after the river.
- After Emperor Alexander I conquered Finland from Sweden, he relocated the capital further east (from Turku to Helsinki) and renamed the main street. Because his rule was seen as an improvement (and then that of his nephew Alexander II even more so), the Finns kept the name. The street, Aleksanterinkatu, is one of Helsinki's most important shopping streets, and the Helsinki Cathedral and statue of Alexander II are located on it.
- Those Wacky Nazis had the German city of Salzgitter in Lower Saxony receive the title of Hermann Göring-Stadt due to the industrial and mining areas built there (Goering was in charge of Nazi Germany's economic development, and ran a huge industrial company, the Reichswerke Hermann Göring, based in the town; the company still exists under the name Salzgitter AG) and the Polish city of Zamość into Himmlerstadt (after Heinrich Himmler, chief of the SS and The Gestapo). The "Himmlerstadt" name was invoked by a Canadian war bond drive as part of a larger mock Day of the Jackboot in Winnipeg.
- Saddam International Airport in Baghdad, now called Baghdad International Airport (BIAP) or Al Anbar Airport. And Saddam City, a region/suburb of Baghdad now renamed Sadr City (after the Shia cleric Muhammad Muhammad Sadeq al-Sadr, who was assassinated in 1999 almost certainly by Saddam's orders; most of the area's population is Shia). This renaming was championed by Sadr's son, Muqtada al-Sadr. Under Saddam Hussein, Iraq was arguably the most extreme example of this trope, a role later taken by Turkmenistan.
- Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo did this a lot, going as far as changing the capital city's name from Santo Domingo to Ciudad Trujillo.
- Byzantium was originally named after a king named Byzas.
- The Roman city built on the same site is in fact an aversion. Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus dubbed his new imperial capital Nova Roma (Latin) or Nea Rhome (Greek), it is just that everybody else insisted on calling the place Constantinople and variants of the latter name stuck until the 20th century.
- Beijing was once named Khanbaliq, "city of the Khan", by Kublai Khan, a descendant of Genghis Khan. Neither of whom was really named "Khan". Even "Genghis Khan" is a title in its entiretynote : his real name was Temujin.
- About half the geographic locations in New South Wales and Tasmania were named after NSW Governor Lachlan Macquarie, mostly by Macquarie himself.
- Roman Emperor Commodus, the bad guy from ''Gladiator" was a serial offender. He renamed Rome, the months (every monthnote ), the legions, the Senate and even the Roman people after himself. Rome became Commodiana, the Names of the 12 Months was organized around his names and titles note . The legions were renamed Commodianae, Commodian Fortunate Senate, his palace and the Roman people themselves were all given the name Commodianus.
- The Senate later had him assassinated and renamed everything back, interestingly there are very few contemporary records of Commodus reign, which suggests not so much conspiracy as an urge to wash away bad memories. And no, the word "commode" to refer to a toilet is NOT one of Commodus's legacies.
- According to legend, Rome was an example, with Romulus, but in reality, it's probably the other way around; Romulus and Remus were mythical characters who were likely named after Rome.
- If Suetonius is to be believed, Nero wanted to rename Rome "Neropolis" and replace the Olympic Games with an identical competition called the "Neronia".
- British imperialist Cecil Rhodes conquered a little patch of land (modern Zimbabwe and Zambia) in Southern Africa by slaughtering everyone who opposed his right to it, and promptly named it Rhodesia.
- King Wilhelm I of Prussia named Wilhelmshaven after himself.
- Similarly, Ludwigshafen am Rhein was named after King Ludwig I of Bavaria in 1844. His dad lost the big port city and former Electoral Palatine capital across the river when the German borders got redrawn so....
- Detroit's main street is named Woodward Avenue, supposedly meaning "toward the woods". However, it and many other streets in Detroit were given their names by Augustus Woodward, who was Chief Justice of the Michigan Territory at the time, and was responsible for redesigning the city after a big fire burned it down in 1805. (His grandiose scheme was ultimately not implemented for lack of funds and population, but not before five of his planned major avenues were built.)note
- Non-country example: Roman emperors Julius Caesar and Augustus got their names added to the Julian Calendar as months (July and August), replacing the previous names (Quintilis and Sextilis respectively).note Subsequent Roman emperors tried to do the same, renaming other months after themselves (and sometimes after previous emperors as well), but no other changes lasted beyond their deaths.
- There is a reason for this: Julius Caesar had actually carried out a much-needed reform of the calendar: the Roman calendar was originally lunisolar and relied on occasional intercalary months to stay in alignment with the seasons. Since these months were announced by the Pontifex Maximus (High Priest), who was usually a politician (Caesar himself, for one), who could (and did!) therefore use his power to declare or not declare an intercalary month to reward his friends with extra time in power or punish his enemies with less, the calendar was far out of whack and needed to be fixed.
Thus when Caesar got absolute power and no longer felt the need to mess with the calendar for political reasons, he took some ideas he had picked up from astronomers, mathematicians, and so on, and combined them with a concept he had picked up in Egypt (the idea of a purely solar calendar, in which the months were not tied to the phases of the moon), and produced the new calendar. He also renamed his birth month "Quintilis" to "Julius" so people wouldn't forget who had fixed the calendar (never mind that he had a hand in messing it up in the first place after 19 years as Pontifex Maximus)—and of course, to satisfy his massive ego and solidify his deification. He was also personally extremely popular, so nobody really minded his taking the name of a month.
As for August, Augustus was, well, Augustus: he knew how to make changes stick. Also, a few years after he took the title of Pontifex Maximus, he realized that the guy who had held that title between Julius Caesar and him (Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, former triumvir with Mark Antony and Augustus himself) hadn't understood the reform, and had been adding leap years every three years, by counting inclusively (what we today call a fence post error); Augustus rescued the calendar by skipping the next few leap years, so as to get the calendar back on track.
- Of course, this doesn't mean that just because you fix the calendar, you'll get a month named after you. When Pope Gregory XIII made the most recent fix to the Western calendar in the 16th century, they didn't name a month "Gregorius" (or whatever) after him, as by that point the names were pretty much set in stone. Also Gregory needed to sell his reform not only to Catholic Europe (which only half-trusted him) but also to the Protestants (who trusted him not at all); putting a month named after himself would've undermined his purpose. That said, the calendar itself is still called the "Gregorian" to this day.
- There is a reason for this: Julius Caesar had actually carried out a much-needed reform of the calendar: the Roman calendar was originally lunisolar and relied on occasional intercalary months to stay in alignment with the seasons. Since these months were announced by the Pontifex Maximus (High Priest), who was usually a politician (Caesar himself, for one), who could (and did!) therefore use his power to declare or not declare an intercalary month to reward his friends with extra time in power or punish his enemies with less, the calendar was far out of whack and needed to be fixed.
- Williamstown, Massachusetts and the college it contains, Williams College, are named after the same man, Ephraim Williams, who left his estates to Massachusetts in his will on the condition that they use them to build a school, and that the school and the town its in both be named after him.
- Herod the Great had a pleasure palace/small city created for himself and called it Herodium.
- Mary of Hungary christened Mariembourg after herself when she was governor of the Netherlands.
- Melbourne, Australia, was founded by a man called John Batman. For a while it was called Batmania, until it was officially renamed Melbourne (after Lord Melbourne, the British Prime Minister of the day) in 1836.
- Contrary to what people may think, Ho Chi Minh city is actually a subversion. The city was South Vietnam's capital, then named Saigon. However, once the North conquered the South in 1975, they renamed the city after their leader... Who had died in 1969. The rename was less an egocentric move and more aking to taunting America.
- Not necessarily a city example, but politicians in the Philippines are disproportionately fond of affixing their names (or failing that, their initials) to public works projects. It is very common to see street flyers or posters announcing things like "Road Renovation c/o Mayor X" or "This bridge is a project of Congressman Y"—often including the grinning faces of the politicians in question. It gets bad enough that at one point in the early 2010s, several members of Congress attempted to file a bill to rename EDSA, Manila's main highway, after the late president Cory Aquino, the central figure of popular anti-dictatorship protests that occurred on the said highway.
- In fact just such a fate befell the Manila International Airport—it was named Ninoy Aquino International Airport after Cory Aquino was installed in power in the 1980s. (In its defence, the man for whom it was named—Cory's husband—was shot dead at the airport itself, and today an increasing number of people are clamouring for the original name, not the least because of the deteriorating reputation that put the airport frequently in "worst airport in the world" lists, including collapsing ceilings, overcrowding, terminal fees, general decay, and, in the mid-2010s, a scandal involving planting bullets in passengers' bags as a form of extortion.)
- The entire Philippines itself was named after the Spanish King Philip II—making it almost the only Asian country named for a foreign ruler, which might partially explain its people's colonial mentality.
- Seoul was almost going to be renamed to 'Unam' after a prominent scholar pointed out that since the name literally means 'capital city', it needs to be changed. The name in question, 'Unam', was an art name or pseudonym of the first president of South Korea, Syngman Rhee who was a liberator turned dictator. His cronies thought it was a great idea, but the scholar who proposed a name change and the opposition in the assembly fought hard to oppose the name change, until the dictator himself thought that it was a bit too much.
- Vaasa, Finland was originally named after the Vasa dynasty of Sweden. It was renamed 1825 as Nikolainkaupunki (Town of Nikolai) by Czar Nicholas I of Russia. It was re-renamed Vaasa c. 1918, when Finland became independent.
- The Czech entrepreneur Tomáš Baťa founded several towns around the world, naming them after himself (Batawa in Ontario, Batadorp in the Netherlands, Batapur in Pakistan, Batanagar and Bataganj in India...) and centering them on his shoe factories. His half-brother Jan Antonín also founded Batatuba, Batayporã and Bataguassu in Brazil.
- Delhi is believed to be named after Dhillu, the king who had the city built in 50 BC.
- During his dictatorship, François Duvalier (Papa Doc) renamed the town of Cabaret, Haiti, to Duvalierville and started a megalomaniacal construction project. It was never finished.
- Tigran the Great of Armenia named about four cities "Tigranakert" during his reign. The ruins of Tigranakert of Artsakh are located in the Nagorno-Karabakh region.
- Bolivia, because of Simón Bolívar.
- And Colombia, because of Christopher Columbus.
- Subverted with Hoovervilles, shantytowns set up in the early stages of The Great Depression which gained their moniker because the residents felt President Herbert Hoover was responsible for their misery.
- A modern take in Seattle is "Nickelsville", a semi-permanent homeless encampment (it changes places around the city every few months), named for Greg Nickels, a mayor who was known for his friendliness towards real estate developers that triggered steep increases in the city's average rent, as well as his ham-fisted handling of the WTO protests (part of the protests were about organizations like WTO making policies that benefited the corporate-owning class while making cities like Seattle too expensive for working-class people to live in).
- An unintentional one for Barack Obama: there is a small city in Japan called Obama, which was founded long before he was even born and is etymologically unrelated to his name. They did erect a statue of him and churn out merchandise related to him after he became known as the presidential candidate/president.
- There have been quite a few places named for Josip Broz Tito Wikipedia has a list. Notably, however, every city named for him in the Yugoslav era got renamed to something else after the country broke up. Which happened rather rapidly after his death.
- In 1949 in former Czechoslovakia the town of Zlín was renamed to Gottwaldov after the first communist (or, using terminology of the day, "worker") president Klement Gottwald. It was changed back immediately after the Velvet Revolution.
- Saudi Arabia is this applied to a whole country — it is named after its ruling dynasty. It would be like Britain being called Windsorland. Also, within Saudi Arabia, we have:
- King Abdullah Economic City and King Khalid Military City.
- It Makes Sense in Context. Saudi Arabia as such didn't exist until the Saud family conquered its territories. Before it was whatever Ibn Thistribe, Ibn Thattribe, and Ibn Theothertribe could hold amidst a desert so barren that ruling over territory was more like ruling the ocean than ruling cultivated land and princes counted their power in their herds and numbers of clients rather then their territory. "Saudi Arabia" just means "parts of Arabia ruled by the House of Saud". On the other hand, the territories did have names; most of the country is composed of the old territories of Hijaz (on the western coast, between the mountains and the Red Sea) and Najd (the central plateau), which contained virtually everything worth mentioning (what is today the eastern coast was very sparsely inhabited, with a few villages scattered here and there down the coast and nothing much between the sea and the plateau); "Hijaz and Najd" or "Najd and Hijaz" would be a perfectly acceptable name for the country, and indeed that's what Abdul Aziz Bin Saud called it for the first six years after conquering Hijaz; he changed the name in 1932 to emphasize that he was running the country as one unit, rather than as two units in personal union.
- King Abdullah Economic City and King Khalid Military City.
- Liechtenstein is another nation named after its ruling family.
- Vallejo, California, named for General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo. The next city south is named Benicia after his wife, though the pronunciation (originally /be NI si a/) is usually anglicized (to /ben I sha/).
- In many places of Mexico, you'll find many small towns renamed after a president. Examples: Lázaro Cárdenas (formerly Melchor Ocampo, and before that it was called "Los Llanitos"note or Hueytlaconote ), Michoacán; and Gustavo Díaz Ordaz (formerly San Miguel de Camargo), Tamaulipas. There were also streets, boulevards and even statues made to honor the presidents, which (while not made by the men themselves, but rather the guys who succeeded them) were made during their lifetimes.
- Lake Victoria, the largest lake in Africa and one of the largest in the world, was named for Queen Victoria by British explorer John Hanning Speke in 1858, during her reign.
- There are other places around the former British Empire that were founded and named after her during her reign, such as Victoria, the capital of British Columbia (1843); and Victoria state in Australia (original colony formed in 1851); and the City of Victoria, the chief city of Hong Kong Island, named in 1843.
- The former British colony and present US state of Maryland is officially claimed to have been named after Queen Consort Mary (Henrietta Maria), wife of Charles I of England, in 1632 (during her reign), although The Other Wiki cites some historical claims that founder George Calvert actually named the colony after Mary the mother of Jesus.
- Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in the Americas, was named after King James I in 1607 (during his reign). And Williamsburg, the famously preserved colonial village that was a one-time capital of Virginia Colony, used to be called Middle Plantation before it was renamed Williamsburg in 1699 after then-reigning King William III.
- The US state and former colony Georgia was named after King George II during his reign in 1732.
- Louisiana Territory, which once covered most of the vast Mississippi-Missouri watershed of North America and was also known as New France, was named for Louis XIV during his reign.
- North and South Carolinas (and the city of Charleston, SC) were named after King Charles (both I and II—the first granted the original charter to a certain Lord Heath, the second re-granted it, after the monarchy was restored, to 8 of his loyal nobles as the original charter was deemed to have expired.) Charles in Latin is "Carolus," which accounts for the "Carolina," meaning Carolus' land.
- The city of Charlotte, NC, was named after Queen Charlotte, the wife of King George III. The surrounding county, Mecklenburg, was named after the region of Germany where she originally came from.
- When King Charles II gave William Penn a sizeable land grant in North America, he named it Pennsylvania (meaning "Penn's Woods"); William Penn was actually embarrassed that the king named it after him, at which point the King explained that no, he wasn't naming it for Penn himself—whose Quakerism he disdained and whom he personally disliked—but rather for Penn's father, who had been a respected admiral in the Royal Navy who had helped Charles take back his throne, and had been an Anglican to boot (and to top it off, the land grant was in satisfaction of a debt the King owed to the elder Penn). Penn would have preferred either New Wales (because a lot of the settlers who planned to go were Welshnote ) or Sylvania (again, because of the woods), but Charles II would not change the name of the grant.
- New York's (the city and the state) namesake is James Stuart, the Duke of York, and later, King James II. He was the Lord High Admiral when the Royal Navy captured New Amsterdam from the Dutch.
- When Michigan Territory was trying to become a state in the late 1820s and early 1830s, its legislature, seeking to curry favor with the present Administration, carved out ten counties named after Andrew Jackson and his Cabinet in south-central and southwestern Michigan: Jackson County (after the President), Calhoun County (after the Vice President, John C. Calhoun), Van Buren County (after then-Secretary of State, later Vice President, and then President Martin Van Buren), Livingston County (after Secretary of State Edward Livingston, who took the job after Van Buren became Veep), Ingham County (after Treasury Secretary Samuel Ingham), Eaton County (after Secretary of War John Eaton), Cass County (after Eaton's successor as Secretary of War Lewis Cass, although at the time the county was named he was Territorial Governor of Michigan), Branch County (after Navy Secretary John Branch), Berrien County (after Attorney General John Berrien), and Barry County (after the Postmaster General, William Barry). This plan didn't quite work—the President did not end up intervening in Michigan's favor in its border dispute with Ohio over Toledo—but to this day, these ten counties are called "Cabinet counties", and Jackson did end up signing the bill to make Michigan the 26th state as one of his last acts in office (in 1837).
- Norway under Danish rule had to cope with at least three examples of this:
- King Christian IV named two cities after himself: Kristiansand, and Christiania. The latter doubles as Oslo, but Christian decided to move the entire town across the bay, and then renaming it after himself. It was later renamed Oslo. He also founded Kongsberg (King`s mountain). This name is more of a claim, as the mountain was rich with silver, and the king wanted the indisputed right to prospect there. Thus "the mountain of the king".
- His father, Frederik II, did the same thing. The older city of Sarpsborg wasn`t safe enough, so he built Fredrikstad some way downriver.
- Christian V founded and named Kristiansund after himself. The Norwegians stuck with the names, lacking better alternatives. Oslo was named back, and there is still a debate over Kristiansund. Fredrikstad stands, and so does Kristiansand.
- In Finland: Kristiinankaupunki (Queen Christina), Maarianhamina (Empress Maria Feodorovna) and Loviisa (queen Lovisa Ulrika). Kaarina is a subversion - the town has been named after St. Catherine, not any regent. Towns Hamina (Fredsikshamn in Swedish, after King Fredrik I) and Vaasa (after the royal family of Vasa) could well qualify.
- When English Royal Astronomer William Herschel first discovered the planet Uranus in 1781, he wanted to name it Georgium Sidus (George's Star) after his patron King George III. Other astronomers eventually persuaded him to follow mythological convention for planet names, and it was named Uranus, the Romanized name of the Greek God of the Sky Ouranos.
- Ironically, the French wanted to name it Herschel.
- Trope prevalent in the naming of the cities in the Belgian Congo:
- For his Vanity Project Playtime, Jacques Tati actually built a fully functioning city called "Tativille". It had houses, buildings, apartments and business that all had electricity, plumbing, elevators and lighting. Tati envisioned the location as a place where future filmmakers could shoot their films, ignoring his producers' more practical advice of simply buying a cheaper plot of land in an equally nice location and selling it back to developers once filming was complete. The plan was scuttled once the film bombed, Tati was forced into bankruptcy and the land was destroyed to make way for the Dumba freeway system.
- The city of Barcelona in Spain may be an example: One popular legend about the name's origin is that it was founded by a carthaginian general named Hamilcar Barca (father of the rather more famous Hannibal Barca) as Barcino before the Second Punic War.
- As with other countries where communists took power after WWII, Bulgaria's authorities renamed many towns after local communist figures. The city of Varna was an exception, being named after Stalin. However, to avoid sounding too grandiose, the name couldn't be Stalingrad and instead became Grad Stalin (Town Stalin instead of Stalintown), effectively becoming Polis Ego. (Varna got its name back in 1956.)
- Plenty of places around the world are named for someone now forgotten; we don't know anything about Occa, for example, except that he lived by a ford (Oxford).
- In fact, a fair bit of English toponymy – not so much in Wales, Ireland north or south, or Scotland – is this. There are plenty of "place of So-and-So's People" names: both Gillinghams, Wokingham, Hastings, and the like, for Gylla and Gilla and Wocca and Haesta and their followers. There are a fair few place-names which incorporate an element of official, of ex officio, ownership or overlordship: Compton Abbas (the Abbot's or local Abbey's Compton), the obvious Bishop's Stortford, Earls Barton (owned by the Earl of Northampton and then by successive Earls of Huntingdon), Princes Risborough (held by the Black Prince), Tettenhall Regis (held by the Crown directly), Collingbourne Ducis (owned by John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster), and so on. And then there are those named directly for their lords: Compton Beauchamp, Huish Champflower (the Bishop's Huish was and is Huish Episcopi), Ewyas Lacy, Ewyas Harold (and, indirectly, Teffont Evias, two counties away, which shared a lord with the latter but took its suffix from the other estate's place-name and not the lord), Sutton Waldron, Sutton Valence, Sutton Courtenay, Wooton Courtenay.... Apparently, after ten or so centuries, the actual egotism ceases to operate in accordance with the trope.
- In Argentina, the provinces of El Chaco and La Pampa were for a time renamed Presidente Juan Perón and Eva Perón.
- Subverted with the Italian city of Alessandria (that is Italian for "Alexandria"): born of the union of the towns of Gamondio, Marengo (yes, that Marengo) and Bergoglio, it was named after then-reigning Pope Alexander III (Alessandro III in Italian) to remind the Holy Roman Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa that the cities of Northern Italy were effectively independent, honor the guy who was weakening Barbarossa enough for them to stay independent in the face of Imperial military superiority, and because, Italians being Italians, aknowledging the union was effectively Bergoglio absorbing the two smaller towns would have broken the union (and Gamondio later returned its own town anyway). It was later briefly renamed Cesarea (after "Cesare", Italian for "Caesar" and another way to say "emperor") as a token act of subservience to the Holy Roman Empire after the Italians had won their effective independence, but the renaming didn't stick.
- Metapa, in Nicaragua, was renamed to Ciudad Darío (Darío City), in honor of the great poet Rubén Darío, who was born there.
- Jonestown, the Cult community founded in Guyana, was named after its leader Jim Jones. It did not end well.