"'Behold!' Oscagne intoned quite formally. 'Behold the seat of beauty and truth! Behold the home of wisdom and power! Behold fire-domed Matherion, the centre of the world!'"No matter what age it's built in (bronze, middle, modern or crystal) the Shining City is awesome, perhaps the best city to live in anywhere on the world. The Shining City is usually purpose built from the word "Go", not a disorderly Mega City that grew out of a settlement over hundreds of years. From the air, neat geometric patterns will be visible (not just grids, but circles, triangles, or fantastic symbols that create powerful Geometric Magic), and on the ground each and every building integrates seamlessly into a greater overall style. Above all, the Shining City is bright. On approach, expect it to be shown with lots and lots of artful shafts of sunlight that gleam off the simple yet elegant white buildings; at night it will shine like a neon angel. It will have lots of soaring towers, and citizens of the Shining City never suffer from acrophobia. The Shining City is usually the capital to The Federation, has the headquarters of Heroes Unlimited, or is home to the heroes' favorite Reasonable Authority Figure. Because of its size it likely won't have the kooky and cozy feel of a small town, or the the gentle pace of the countryside, but the inhabitants will at least be polite if not friendly, full of energy, and usually pursuing activities "of high culture and art". If that sounds a bit snobby, then you've guessed right, the inhabitants (and often times the rulers) of the Shining City are culturally arrogant and perhaps unhealthily insular. Thematically, it will serve as an urban beacon of hope for what mankind can build when it works together. And for these reasons it tends to make viewers feel at home there and players feel protective. However, for those who have a more cynical view of humanity, it can degenerate into a Soiled City on a Hill. In its idealistic form, it's a trope that has days of much greater popularity; just as Arcadia rises in popularity the more people live in cities, the Shining City hits its peaks when more people live in the countryside. Not surprisingly, the bad guys want to destroy or conquer it. Reasons can be simple ambition or Slobs vs. Snobs brand jealousy, this one is common when the bad guys operate out of the Shining City's antithesis, the City Noir. Depending on the story, it may survive intact, get random but repairable property damage, or be doomed to burn like Troy. For extra fun, the bad guys' forces will be represented as an evil dark cloud on the horizon, threatening to both literally and figuratively darken the Shining City. Boiled down to basics, it's the urban equivalent of having a villain say "I Have You Now, My Pretty!" to a city. Its Shadowland is prone to be The Lost Woods or other, even more inhospitable wilderness, but can also be the countryside as a place of ignorance, insularity, and sloth. Frequently the rest of the world is Crapsack Only by Comparison.
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Anime and Manga
- Doraemon portrays Tokyo and other metropolis in the world being this way in the future. Calculating from the age of the daddy Nobita, it should have been within the 2000s...
- Falconia from Berserk is the most perfect city in the world, and a beacon of hope to those who wish for safety and a better life. Just looking at its white walls, you know it was created by magic rather than by mortal hands. The city and the surrounding countryside are safe from monsters and invading armies, every refugee who goes there is guaranteed housing and employment, the whole city is rationally planned with traffic control included, there are bustling markets, public bathhouses, and it's all run by a charismatic leader who appears to be the messiah. On the other hand, said leader is secretly a demon lord who drew out the monsters they're running from, and can barely contain the Blood Lust of his demonic army, so who knows if the inhabitants will be safe for long.
- In Slayers, the city of Seiran is a huge pentagram city layout.
- In Saint Beast, Zeus' shrine has a white-and-gold neo-classical aesthetic and sits on top of a giant plateau which is only accessible by an extremely long, steep staircase, setting it off from the surrounding scenery.
- Asgard in Marvel Comics' The Mighty Thor if often referred to as the Shining City or Golden Realm. This is usually accompanied by a number of grandiose claims like being the jewel of the nine worlds. Artistic portrayals usually have it be a city that is or looks like it is made of gold or a glowing, highly advanced city.
- Metropolis in Superman is frequently portrayed like this, especially in contrast to the Wretched Hive City Noir that Batman lives in. Ironically, while Superman has a lot to do with the average Metropolitan's attitude, what makes it look like a Shining City is Lexcorp's advanced technology.
- Child of the Storm has the classic example of Asgard's citadel, with the implication of many more such cities. And then there was Krypton, which was similarly advanced (i.e. well into Crystal Spires and Togas territory).
- Atlantis was once like this. Before it meddled with the Darkhold and imploded.
- The Elysium version of the Smurf Village that appears in the Empath: The Luckiest Smurf story "Smurfing In Heaven" is a village made entirely of gold. Unfortunately, Empath discovers that this is a magical illusion created by Ares the god of war.
Films — Animated
- Syracuse in Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas; filled with gleaming white, gold domed buildings and spires, built upon and among impossibly high Ghibli Hills, which are all connected by elegant walkways. There is even an elevated canal for ships, linking the seas with the Royal Palace. Its a shame that we only see it for a few minutes of the movie though.
Films — Live-Action
- Argos in Clash of the Titans is an interesting example, in that while it should be the Shining City, the god's plagues and Calibos have dragged the citizenry down into despair.
- Al Pacino's eulogy-speech in City Hall is as much about New York City as it is about the dead victim, and speaks of the shining city New York once was and might be again.
- Asgard in Thor.
- Star Wars: Theed City and Coruscant certainly qualify, as does the capital of Alderaan.
- The Emerald City in the movie version of The Wizard of Oz literally shines, having a city-sized green halo in the first long shot.
- The eponymous space habitat Elysium in Elysium.
- The moon-sized Space Station Yorktown in Star Trek Beyond, even filmed in Dubai, which is listed below on the Real Life folder.
- In The Lord of the Rings, Minas Tirith (lit. 'tower of The Guard') is the setting's Shining City (even though the outer wall, Othram, was depicted as black in the book). Minas Ithil (lit. 'tower of the Moon') was her sister and also a Shining City... until the Ringwraiths turned it into the Wretched Hive of pure evil known as Minas Morgul (tower of Sorcery). Both were originally glorified guard-posts for Gondor's original capital, the Shining Shining City of Osgiliath on the Anduin river. The Gondorian Civil War, Great Plague, and finally a sacking by an army of the first Uruk-Hai put an end to that status. Founding the new capital away from Osgiliath and the border with Mordor was unthinkable because it felt too much like admitting defeat, so the city of Minas Anor (City of the Sun) was renamed and put to that purpose.
- Minas Morgul does still emit light, but it's a "a corpse-light, a light that illuminated nothing."
- The Silmarillion has the Hidden City of Gondolin, the last free nation of the Ñoldor in Middle-Earth and the fairest city ever constructed by the Elves in exile. Naturally, Morgoth gets it in the end.
- The Hobbit also has the Lonely Mountain and its underground Dwarf kingdom of Erebor, which lies next to the adjacent and allied Northmen city of Dale. Both of these northern cities are easily as impressive as Minas Tirith.
- Though not a city, the Ivory Tower in The Neverending Story qualifies on counts of being the Childlike Empress' home... and really shiny!
- The Emerald City in the Oz series.
- David Eddings:
- In The Belgariad, there's the city of Kell; the prequels to The Belgariad describe beautiful Vo Wacune, which doubled as a Doomed Hometown for Polgara. In the same country is the capital of Arendia, Vo Mimbre, whose walls are sheathed in gold. Mandorallen gives a speech about it similar to the page quote, calling it the "Queen of the World".
- The Tamuli has "Fire-domed Matherion", the capital of a continent-wide empire. Matherion is an exaggeration to the point of parody: the entire city is sheathed in mother-of-pearl, giving it a breathtaking iridescent gleam. But the cost of the shells is such that the empire goes into a mild recession every time a storm hits the city.
- The Codex Alera series has the capital city, Alera, for which the country is named. Actually all the great cities are described in these terms, Kalare is noted as a partial exception.
- Rome is frequently described this way in the Emperor books.
- By contrast, in the Conqueror books by the same author, both Yenking and Otrar are described in terms normally applicable to this trope; however, since the protagonist of these books is Genghis Khan, the readers follow those attempting to destroy them.
- The eponymous city of Brandon Sanderson's Elantris is literally a shining city. Even its inhabitants shine. Of course, due to a few complications, it serves as more of a zombified Advanced Ancient Acropolis through the course of the story.
- The city of Tar Valon in the Wheel of Time series, which surrounds the White Tower and is surrounded by the Shining Walls. All the buildings were built ahead of time by master stonemasons in pretty shapes reminiscent of waves and seashells and such, and the White Tower in the middle is housing for the powerful Aes Sedai, an order of magic-users with great political influence. Also fits the snobbishness bit, since the Aes Sedai are rather arrogant.
- Most Ogierbuilt cities count as well, though the most prominent ones are the aforementioned Tar Valon and Caemlyn. Cairhien would be an example, but it's had an unfortunate tendency to be repeatedly pillaged in the books' recent history.
- The capital of the Mid-Galactic Empire in The Star Kings by Edmond Hamilton is built of glass upon shining silica cliffs above a silver sea. With a hot white sun like Canopus overhead the citizenry must have to wear shades.
- Capitol in The Hunger Games certainly looks the part, even though its actually a Wretched Hive filled with decadent hedonists who take from the poor Districts without giving anything back and expect annual entertainment in the form of the eponymous games (i.e. gladiatorial battles to the death). The film makes it look even more spectacular, a sharp contrast to the poverty-stricken District 12.
- The Discworld's Ankh-Morpork is a very deliberate subversion of the thousands-of-years-old Shining City. It's been around for thousands of years, sure. It has citadels and towers and walls and palaces. But it shows its age and more importantly the lack of good flush plumbing and sewers, something Tolkien paid little attention to. The river is an open sewer that walks rather than flows, the streets are paved with...something..., the Tower of Art is a twisted wreck with bits falling off; the city walls are decrepit, covered in graffiti, and falling down, and its most unique claim to fame is its smell. Even Orcs would find their nasal equipment closing down in self-preservation. Played with in the sense that, despite the chaos and dilapidation, Ankh-Morpork still works; it's still the place to be on the Disc.
- In the science fiction novel Nation of the Third Eye by K.K. Savage, there is a shining astral city located literally on the sun's surface. It is populated by highly evolved beings and changes shape all the time.
- Saturn City in Aeon Legion: Labyrinth. This powerful city state floats in the Edge of Time and serves as the Aeon Legion's primary base. Saturn City citizens enjoy eternal youth and basically have all the time they want to dedicate to partying. Given the silvery white metal architecture, it is also a literal example of this trope as well.
- Tanelorn in the various works of Michael Moorcock is the archetypal shining city: every world in the Multiverse seems to have its own version of it.
- Amber in Roger Zelazny's Amber serii is The City; all cities everywhere are supposedly imperfect shadows of it. It's pretty nice in its own right, but Tir na Nog is one of the two shadows that's visible from Amber itself (the other is Rebma, at the bottom of the sea); it's a shining spectral city in the sky which, in the moonlight, is just tangible enough to visit without falling through the floor. Just have someone standing by to get you out quick in case clouds come up.
Live Action TV
- This fits the level of love that the cast of Memphis Beat seems to have for their eponymous hometown, although protagonist Dwight Hendricks seems to be almost religious in his reverence.
- Most Earth cities in Star Trek are like this. The one we see most often, San Francisco (Star Fleet HQ), certainly qualifies.
KELIS: And Voyager will continue on her journey to the gleaming cities of Earth where peace reigns, and hatred has no home.
- The capitals of friendly worlds like Trill and Bajor are usually shown like this, too. More antagonistic or troublesome capitals, like those on Romulus and Cardassia, still manage to look impressive and imposing.
- In the Star Trek: Voyager episode "Muse", a poet in an alien Bronze Age society writes a play from the logs of a crashed shuttle, referring to this trope in the final words of his play.
- The Capital of Gallifrey in Doctor Who.
- Camelot is portrayed as this when Merlin first arrived there (the first shot of the city shows a beautiful castle bathed in sunlight). He quickly learnt that it's a dangerous place to live for magic users.
- In the case of Luke Cage, it's "Shining Borough": Harlem is shown reverence even by the antagonists, with one exception
- The astronomically huge New Jerusalem, described in the biblical Book of Revelation, is a visionary Shining City frequently identified with Heaven itself. It has walls and streets of gold, foundations of gemstones, and twelve gates, each one carved of a single monstrous pearl. (Yes, THOSE "pearly gates." The oysters are left to your imagination.) Trees of Life, like the one forbidden to Adam and Eve when they were expelled from Eden, here line the streets, and a river of Water of Life springs from the foot of Christ's throne. The whole thing is cubical in shape and roughly as large, on a side, as the distance from Old Jerusalem to Rome. It specifically contains no temple because it doesn't need one, considering Who lives there.
- Exalted: Yu-Shan, the seat of power of Unconquered Sun and the Five Maidens. The center of Celestial Bureaucracy runs by the myriad gods of Creation. The headquarter of the Sidereal Exalted. It's basically the Capitol of Creation itself, with the usual intrigues. Its Shadowland is Malfeas the Demon City (a city that's also an individual), which used to rule it as its God-king.
- Yu-Shan does also have areas of urban sprawl (typically the enormous slums populated by destitute gods whose domains have been lost or rendered largely irrelevant, or who have otherwise fallen from grace).
- The city of Mera, capital of the Old Realm, also qualifies. The Imperial City is its closest counterpart during the Second Age.
- The 4th Edition of Dungeons & Dragons provides Hestavar, a city on the Astral Sea where Pelor, Ioun, and Erathis (god of Sun, Knowledge, and Civilization, respectively) resides. It's also the afterlife for the followers of those gods. And it does have its share of intrigue.
- The city-plane of Axis in Pathfinder is a megalopolis bigger than most material planets. It is the archetype on which all civilization is modeled and the physical embodiment of the Lawful Neutral alignment. Like Hestavar, it is the home of several gods, including Abadar, the god of civilization, and the deceased Aroden, god of humans. Its builders and main inhabitants, the axiomites, are living mathematical concepts who pushed back the primal chaos of the Maelstrom and practically invented culture. It does have a seedy underside, though—the sewer-realm of Norgorber, the god of thieves and secrets.
- Warhammer 40,000 provides a fair few of these, although, being the sort of setting it is, virtually all have since fallen, decayed or hide terrible secrets. Examples include the City of Seers on Prospero (razed by the Space Wolves); Eldar Craftworlds (home to the last remnants of a race so decadent it created the God(dess?) of Sensual Excess); many Shrine Worlds of the Imperium, most notably Holy Terra itself, although all of those have sizable Wretched Hive slum zones, often underground; the Tau worlds; and many of the cities in the Realm of Ultramar (apart from areas on Calth and Macragge which are still rebuilding from the last wars fought on them).
- The Word Bearers Legion used to build grand temple-cities on the worlds they conquered in the name of the Emperor. After the Horus Heresy, those were almost all destroyed by Imperial loyalists. The Word Bearers still raise grand temple-cities, but they no longer fit this trope, being dedicated to the Ruinous Powers of Chaos, and usually made of blackened wrought iron and obsidian. And covered in Evil Spikes of Evil.
- In Infernum, the Ninth Circle of Hell is Pandemonium, the capital of the Infernum, a symbol of all of demonkind's hopes and dreams, and the prize for whoever unites Hell under his claw. From the perspective of anyone else, of course, it's the Ninth Circle of Hell, an impossible maze of streets between the palaces of the First Fallen, ringed by a river of black ice.
- The city of Trodel Stadt in Endless Frontier, city sitting along in a world full of blast craters and crashed battleships.
- The Citadel Station in Mass Effect, capital of the Citadel Council, definitely qualifies, even though it's got a little secret...
- Nos Astra on Illium and Milgrom on Bekenstein in Mass Effect 2 are these for the asari and humans respectively, but in typical BioWare fashion they have dark undersides as well.
- Based on the Prothean ruins, one can assume that their cities were like this as well. Of course, as revealed in the third game, they weren't nearly as glorious and enlightened as Liara had always assumed, forging an interstellar Empire out of subject races and forcing them to adopt their doctrine.
- The Elder Scrolls
- The series' lore describes Alinor, the Altmeri capital city of the Summerset Isles, as one. Impossibly tall vine-line buildings with swirling architecture rise high into the sky, where their glass/crystalline structures refract light to create rainbows in a manner reminiscent of "insect wings."
- Morrowind has Mournhold, the massive capital city of the eponymous province visited in the Tribunal expansion. It's expressly called "City of light. City of magic" by its denizens.
- Oblivion - The Imperial City fits this perfectly.
- Solitude. Capital of Skyrim, visible for miles from atop the rock arch it's built on, and full of grand Imperial towers and manor houses.
- Whiterun. It's a well kept, clean Nordic city. It is home to the largest castle in Skyrim (Dragonsreach) and has a very bright White Pinewood on Yellow Roof theme and can be seen from pretty much anywhere on the map if you get high enough.
- This is largely the goal of city-building games, with you as its king/major/god/whatnot:
- Ancient Egypt: Pharaoh and its expansion Cleopatra; its Spiritual Successor Children of the Nile.
- Ancient Greece: Zeus and its expansion Poseidon, the latter of which actually focuses on you building cities on Atlantis!
- Ancient Rome: Caesar series; Grand Ages of Rome.
- Ancient China: Emperor - Rise of the Middle Kingdom.
- Banana Republic: Tropico.
- Modern: SimCity, Cities XL.
- Some Civilization games allow a "Cultural" victory condition, where your entire civilization is so full of shining cities that everyone else can't help but feel awed.
- What little we see of Upper Heng Sha in Deus Ex: Human Revolution fits this. It is impeccably built in a futuristic style and is a major hub of China's augmentation industry. It is also the only location all three Deus Ex games that we see in broad daylight. Shiny? Oh yes!
- Baticul in Tales of the Abyss. It's known as the City of Light.
- And Grand Chokmah, the Floating City. It is, if anything, even brighter and shinier than Baticul.
- The floating city of Caldoria in The Journeyman Project, even though we get to see very little of it, since the games are focused on traveling to the past.
- Atlantis was this as well, at least by ancient standards. On the other hand, Atlanteans maintained their secrecy by fielding a powerful navy that captured any ship that happened to get too close to Atlantis. The crews were allowed to live in the city, provided they never try to leave.
- World of Warcraft: Dalaran fits this trope closely, and while Shattrath doesn't fit the architectural aspects, the big beam of light emanating from the center of it is very shiny indeed.
- What remains of Silvermoon City
- The city inside the ARK in SOMA.
- Guild Wars 2 has one for each playable race. The capital of Kryta for the humans, Divinity's Reach is essentially a positively massive fairy tale castle that never stopped growing, the Charr have the Black Citadel, which can best be described as a steampunk EPCOT, the Norn have Hoelbrak Lodge, the Sylvari have the Pale Tree, dominated by the light of what can only be described as their goddess, and the Asura have Rata-Sum, a massive, floating cube filled with technological and magical wonders.
- Anor Londo, the City of the Gods in Dark Souls, apart from being abandoned, seem to fit this perfectly. It's a subversion - the shining part is an illusion created by Gwyndolin, and can be dispelled by "killing" the illusion of his sister Gwynevere. The sun will then dissapear from the city, leaving it in a creepy darkness which really lets you feel it's a Ghost Town.
- Laurentia in Nexus Clash was its world's premier center of culture, finance, medicine and science and was the chosen city of Baraas, the personification of cooperation. This meant it was the last place standing when the rest of the world went to hell and very nearly took Laurentia with it.
- In Black & White II, your goal as a Good god is to create cities so magnificent that your enemies willingly defect to your side. This usually makes for happy citizens, beautiful residences, abundant amenities, wildflowers and butterflies, and, since Light Is Good, a metropolis crafted from gleaming white marble.
- Final Fantasy XI: Jeuno is this, a shining neutral city-state in a central location between the three warring nations, with grand architecture and an opulent in-game soundtrack.
- In Drowtales, the name "Chel'el'Sussoloth" literally translates to "city of light within darkness".
- Kethenecia in Looking for Group, which was depopulated but has since become repopulated by The Alliance.
- The Dreamland Chronicles: The location of Ashendel where the Elves live provides a stunning view.
- In Our Little Adventure, Starlight Point is a "beacon of good and light" whose ruler is an angelic warrior and whose government building is a literal beacon of light. Inside, it's a bit of a Sugar Bowl with paid illusionists to build the citizens' self-esteem and inspire them to do good deeds.
- The Winged Cities from Tower of God.
- In TwistedCogs the city of Milia is a downplayed version of this. It is bright, extremely clean (for the time period), and a center of high class culture.
- The self-styled city of Utopia in The Chronicles of Utopia Volume II is this in spades. The city is made from white stone and its main defensive wall contains a massive interconnected network of defensive and divine warding schemes to keep out its enemies. The city itself is ruled by an immortal golden dragon and is considered a center of learning and enlightened thought.
- The eponymous city of The Questport Chronicles.
- Canterlot, the capital city of Equestria in My Little Pony Friendship Is Magic, is named after Camelot and based on Minas Tirith for good measure.
- The Crystal Empire might be an even better example. Not only does it look pretty much exactly like what its name makes you expect, but the Amplifier Artifact that protects its borders is directly powered by the inhabitants' happiness, and the evil entity that threatens it is personified as a huge wall of shadow.
- Subverted with the city of Ba Sing Se in Avatar: The Last Airbender. Through the first season (and first half of season 2), it's set up to be this - cue The Reveal.
- The American concept of building a City on a Hill, an American utopia based on Christian principles to serve as an example to the rest of the world. It's a reference to the Sermon on the Mount: "Ye are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hid. Neither do [men] light a lamp, and put it under the bushel, but on the stand; and it shineth unto all that are in the house. Even so let your light shine before men; that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven."
That analysis reflects more how Ronald Reagan redefined John Winthrop's original usage. When Winthrop said that, he meant to remind his followers that their stated aims meant that they would be under greater scrutiny from the rest of the world, that their mistakes would be as visible as their successes.
- If any actual city comes close to this, it's Dubai, at least as it appears in this half-hour video of a ride along the city's mostly elevated metro system through three of its major built-up areas, in gold-tinged late-afternoon sunlight, with an ambient-music soundtrack. It's somehow reassuring that there's at least one place on Earth where the 21st century actually does look the way all those older movies and TV shows (at least the ones that weren't set in a post-nuclear holocaust world) imagined it would. (And it does, indeed, look like Blade Runner at night)
- Washington, D.C. was built as one of these, what with the Neoclassical architecture realized in bright white stone, the rational grid of streets, and so on, to house the enlightened, rational government. Unfortunately, it was built in the middle of a disease-ridden swamp, many of the buildings in early DC were ramshackle huts, and that government became the site of corruption and sectional acrimony within the space of a generation.
- Brasilia, the planned city built to be the capital of Brazil. It's full of sleek and gleaming white buildings with a deliberately '60s space-age flair, surrounded by plenty of open grassy pavilions and forested areas, making it look like a real-life Tomorrowland. As if that wasn't enough, the whole city was laid out in the shape of a jumbo jet, just to hammer home that Brazil was going places. Unfortunately, its utopian aspirations crashed and burned, as Brasilia became the seat of a military junta less than five years after it was completed.
- 'Sejong Special Self-Governing City' was built to be this for Korea. It was named after the most revered king in Korean history, and the city was planned as a administrative city where shiny and new government offices and parks will be located along with government employees and their families as citizens away from Seoul where too much of the political and administrative power was concentrated. This measure was also to prevent the entire governmental body being annihilated by a single strike from North Korea.
- Constantinople (now it's Istanbul Not Constantinople) remained the Shining City (at least as an ideal; in practice it was more of a Mega City) of Europe for well over a millennia during its time as capital of The Byzantine Empire. Purpose-built by Constantine to be the capital of his empire, it served as the gateway to the east (through The Silk Road) and eclipsed its predecessor (Rome) in importance for the Roman Empire — by the 12th century, Constantinople was practically synonymous with the last vestiges of Rome. This continued after its conquest by the Ottomans, who referred to it as "The City of the World's Desire". With the growing importance of the American colonies and spice trade through the Cape of Good Hope, the city lost much of its luster.