"Vote early, vote often."Ballot stuffing. Of course, some degree of this happens for every election in a large enough city or state. The question is whether it's widespread enough to truly influence the results of the election. Still, expect the losing side to cry foul play even in relatively clean elections. This trope occurs frequently as an example of Dick Dastardly Stops to Cheat, when the winning side does it even when they would have won anyway. One variety involves "ghost voting," which is where people stuff the ballot box with the names of people who had in fact died sometime before the election, usually those who were recently deceased. This variant in particular is often associated with the city of Chicago, leading to jokes about Chicago being a place where people come back from the grave to vote. This should not be confused with a Military Coup, which is where the military of a country or some elements of it attempt to remove the current leader by force.
— Richard J. Daley, former mayor of Chicago
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- Golgoti tells the history of the titular fictional African nation compressed into one man's lifetime, from the moment the first European explorer arrives to the area. The local man who first meets the explorer later becomes a stereotypical corrupt Third World president. After he allows "free" elections under political pressure, the official election results are that all other candidates received exactly zero votes, while the president was re-elected by several million more votes than the country's entire population.
Films — Animated
- Mentioned in An American Tail where the drunken Irish (mouse) Mayor of New York City attends the funeral of another mouse and notes that he was too young to vote, "But he'll vote from now on" and puts his name in a book of "ghost voters". Considering that said mouse ("Honest" John) was a pretty obvious reference to the Tammany Hall political machine, it makes perfect sense.
- Yogi Bear And The Magical Flight Of The Spruce Goose: When the heroes vote over rescuing Dread Baron and Mumbly or not, each side gets 8 votes in spite of there being only 10 voters.
Films — Live-Action
- Gangs of New York.
Killoran: Monk's already won by three thousand more votes than there are voters.
Boss Tweed: Only three? Make it twenty, thirty. We don't need a victory. We need a Roman triumph.
- Miller's Crossing.
Leo: You know O'Doul and the Mayor, right?Tom: I ought to, I voted for him six times last November.Mayor: And that's not even the record.
- Election does this in reverse. While counting ballots, Mr. McAllister throws two votes for Tracy in the garbage in an attempt to deny her the victory.
- The trope name served as the tagline to John Sayles' corrupt politician comedy Silver City.
- The title character in The Great McGinty first comes to people's attention when he votes for the mayor 37 times. Of course, he only did it on the promise he'd get paid $2 for each vote, but still.
- In Inherit the Wind, when Brady is told by the townsfolk that they all voted for him three times, Brady quips that he trusts it was in three separate presidential elections.
- There's a section about this in one of the Sten books. It gets disrupted by 'Raschid', in a rather hilarious manner. 'Raschid' is actually the Eternal Emperor, and being several thousand years old, has rather more experience with politics and corrupt elections than anyone else.
- Done in The Stainless Steel Rat For President by both the Anti-Hero and the planetary dictator he's trying to overthrow.
- Hope Was Here: Hope works on the mayoral campaign for an underdog candidate. After her candidate loses the election, Hope looks over a list of voters and spots the name of a curmudgeonly man who had loudly insisted that he never voted. When she goes to congratulate him on turning out for the election, he insists that he didn't. She turns up enough discrepancies like this to force the incumbent mayor to resign.
- Homeless drifter Puggy is recruited for this in Big Trouble along with a collection of other lowlifes. The are brought to the voting center(s) and told for who to vote in front of the ballot officials, who don't bat an eye. Of course, all this happens in Miami, and political corruption is a major part of the book.
- When the Dark Lord decides he wants to win by election in Grunts!, General Ashnak and his orc marines decide to help matters along a bit, just in case the Supreme Power Of Evil can't win over the population with his speeches.
- This is part of Chris' plan to humiliate the title character in the Stephen King novel Carrie (and subsequent film adaptations). Her friends on the prom committee will throw out the votes for the king and queen of the prom and stuff the ballot box with votes for Carrie and Tommy, and when they take the stage to be crowned, Chris will dump a bucket of pig's blood on Carrie's head in front of the whole school. It works exactly as planned, with the exception of one minor, overlooked detail — Carrie had telekinetic powers, and now she had reason to use them.
- The short story "Death and Suffrage" by Dale Bailey uses the aforementioned joke about voting in Chicago as the inspiration for its premise. It is about the dead — specifically, victims of gun violence — coming Back from the Dead to vote for a Presidential candidate who supports far-reaching gun control measures, and with the story being set in Chicago, the obvious joke is made. (It was later adapted into the Masters of Horror episode "Homecoming", albeit with an altered premise, the zombies now being fallen soldiers voting for an end to The War on Terror.)
Live Action TV
- In Sabrina the Teenage Witch, Salem mentions that he helped Nixon get elected:
Salem: "A lot of dead people voted that year. Twice!"
- In one episode of Blackadder the Third, Blackadder filled in for the single voter of a rotten borough and apparently placed several thousand votes for Baldrick.
- In the same episode he sarcastically comments on the system that allows this to happen: "Manchester. Population: 60,000. Electoral roll: 3"
- Happens in Battlestar Galactica when the fleet elects a new president.
- Played for Laughs in a Family Ties episode when a girl reveals her crush on Alex by telling him that when he ran for student council president, "I voted for you. Three hundred times. Sorry you didn't win." Later, his best friend Skippy makes the exact same confession.
- Played with in a Parks and Recreation episode. They select the name of someone out of a hat to decide who has to do an unenviable task. It turns out everyone puts in Jerry's name rather than their own.
- This is a common accusation levied towards reality game shows that rely on audience voting.
- American Idol is one of the most common targets of this in the US, especially due to the fact that people are indeed allowed to vote as many times as they want. A number of people have exploited this by employing "robo-calls" and "power-texting" to make thousands of votes — completely legal under AI rules, and often balanced out by different robo-callers voting for different contestants. What pushes the show into this trope, however, is a series of controversies over the fairness of the voting, most notably an incident in the season 8 finale involving AT&T (one of AI's sponsors) that may have cost Adam Lambert the victory. See here for more.
- In 2006, Stephen Colbert (or rather, his alter ego on The Colbert Report) reported that Hungary was holding an online naming poll for a new bridge, for which the then-leading entry was the "Chuck Norris bridge". He then proceeded to suggest that his fans should stuff the ballot box with "Stephen Colbert bridge". Hilarity Ensued when it Went Horribly Right and "Stephen Colbert bridge" won with over 17 million votes — about 7 million more than the entire population of Hungary.
- He tried again when NASA announced that it would put a particular name on a capsule intended for the International Space Station based on the number of votes. "Colbert" won in a landslide, but was denied victory. Instead, NASA shipped up a new piece of equipment, which has the acronym C.O.L.B.E.R.T.note Stephen was mollified.
- In Boardwalk Empire the corrupt politician and gangster Nucky Thompson is genuinely worried that his candidates will lose the election despite engaging in all the usual dirty tricks. He is not powerful enough to outright steal the election and the opposition is doing its own ballot stuffing. In season 2 his enemies use this to get him indicted for voter fraud and he faces jail time.
- Inverted in Skins - Harriet and Doug only count the class president votes for Naomi and Crispin, knowing Cook received the most and not wanting him to win. However, Naomi secretly witnessed the decision, and when they declare her "the winner," she pulls Cook's ballots out of Harriet's bra in her Crowning Moment of Awesome.
- Mentioned in Catching Trouble when it appeared on Mystery Science Theater 3000:
Narrator: Don't you know you're wanted in Chicago?Tom Servo: For voting twice?
- In Justified the standard version is averted since the citizens of Harlan County are savvy enough that you cannot steal an election by stuffing the ballot box. Instead the candidates have to resort to other dirty tricks like bribing voters with alcohol and sexual favors, rigging debates by bribing the moderator and having the opposition disqualified by framing them for car bombings, drug dealing and nepotism.
- In season one of Boss Tom Kane's chosen candidate for governor is projected to lose the primary but Kane is not going to let that happen. He starts calling in favours and making deals with local ward bosses. A massive sabotage and misinformation campaign ensues where the other candidate's campaign sings are stolen and his supporters are directed to non-existing voting locations. There probably is no actual ballot box stuffing but the effect is similar.
- In one episode of Grange Hill, a student helping to tally the votes in a student council election is introduced to the concept of 'spoiled ballots'. He then proceeds to destroy a large number of ballots in an attempt to grant his favoured candidate the win. He is found out because his number of spoiled ballots is so much higher than any other tallyer.
- 30 Rock:
Jack: Why should I even bother to vote? New York will go for Obama even if I voted a hundred times, instead of my usual five.
- In Copper, set in 1860s New York City, had one character in charge of giving out alcohol, wigs and fake names to all the 'frequent voters' to help 'Irish' Jake McGinnis win.
- In Scandal a major plot point is that the US Presidential election was stolen by hacking the control cards on voting machines. The matter is complicated by the fact that the winning candidate was not aware of the fraud and actually sees it as a personal betrayal.
- Mission: Impossible: In "Wheels", the IMF has to prevent a case of electoral fraud in a Banana Republic in order to ensure a fair result to the election.
- In the Murdoch Mysteries episode "Election Day", identifying the Victim of the Week is complicated by the fact he was voting under a false name.
- The Murder, She Wrote episode "The Cemetery Vote" centers around a corrupt politician who was rumored to have carried 'The Cemetery Vote' (in other words, picked up fraud votes from people who were dead prior to the election).
- Standard for elections in The Wizard of Id.
- Dogbert in a Dilbert comic:
"The votes are in. I've been elected to the position of supreme ruler of Earth. I won in a landslide, thanks to low voter turnout and the fact that I voted for myself many times."
- When Garry Trudeau put the question of which university Alex Doonesbury would attend to an online poll, MIT won hands down, as their students were very good at circumventing the blocks put up by Doonesbury Town Hall to flood the poll with their votes.
- The election night newsreel in Of Thee I Sing shows John P. Wintergreen casting ballots for himself at more than one polling place. When he needs only four more votes to win, he casts all four of them. It's no wonder that his (unnamed) defeated opponent charges him with voter fraud in seven states.
- In Tropico, the electoral tribunal can interpret a fraction of opposition... er misprint ballots as votes in favor of "El Presidente". The fraud has some minor drawbacks but it is rarely needed outside the first game.
- While there are no opportunities to follow the letter of the trope in Fallout 3, there is an opportunity to manipulate election results to help the candidate you want win (it just involves removing votes for the other candidates) in the Republic of Dave. Given that the current president (Dave) has some rather questionable policies and electoral rules in place, you may even feel morally justified in doing so.
- Prickly City disdains this. The dead voted for Kevin, but only once. It's not Chicago after all.
- The Simpsons:
- Sideshow Bob wins the mayoral election through votes cast by those in the cemetery, including the pet cemetery. Finding Snowball I's vote for Bob prompts Lisa to say that this time, It's Personal. The episode strongly implied that he would have won against Quimby anyway; both Homer and Krusty had cast their votes for Bob and polls were overwhelming in his favor.
- Bart was also implied to have somehow cast his vote for Krusty to become the Congressman for Springfield despite being 10 years old and thus ineligible to vote.
- Also inverted once: When Homer's high school principal discovered that Homer won the election, he had Lenny and Carl hide the ballot box containing the actual amount of votes because he didn't want Homer to win. The reason that he didn't want Homer to win was because he'd heard some of the popular students planning to vote for Homer to be Prom King, then laugh at him when he got up on stage. He faked the result against Homer to save the guy from the humiliation. Unfortunately, this backfires as it's shown that if Homer had been declared the winner, he'd gain the support of his fellow high school, become the most popular kid in school (while still ending up with Marge, but also be on Patty and Selma's good side), and be on the fast track to a great life...without Bart, Lisa, and Maggie though since there would be no Accidental Pregnancy.
- Also, Homer once won for being king of the parade. Sideshow Bob attempts to warn Homer that he only won because someone (most likely Homer's assassin) stuffed the ballot box.
- Inverted in the first Futurama movie where it's shown that the reason Al Gore lost the 2000 election was because Bender, in his hunt for Fry, blew up the box containing all his votes.
- Eddy in Ed, Edd n Eddy tries it when he runs for "king of the cul-de-sac", but Edd anticipated that and replaces the real ballot box with a fake one.
- An episode of DiC's Care Bears has Professor Coldheart employing this tactic to win the Mayor-for-a-Day election, promising "a holiday for rules".
- Suspected vote tampering becomes motive for revenge in Non-Serial Movie "Wrath of the Spider Queen" for The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy.
- Richard J. Daley, the mayor of Chicago from April 20, 1955 up to his death in December 20, 1976, is the Trope Namer.
- Tammany Hall in New York City in the 19th and early 20th centuries were notorious for this and other forms of political corruption, especially under Boss Tweed in the mid-19th century.
- A common tactic was to gather bearded men on election day, pay them to vote the candidate, shave their beard off, have them vote again, then shave their mustache off, and send them go back to vote a third time.
- John F. Kennedy's close victory over Richard Nixon in the 1960 Presidential election was discovered to have ridden on some of this, most famously with the dead coming back to vote in Chicago. However, Nixon decided to allow him to win anyways, partly to show himself as a Graceful Loser and partly because the Republicans had also engaged in ballot-stuffing (which would've been revealed if they'd gone after the disputed votes for Kennedy).note
- This trope was part of the reason behind the Costa Rican Civil War from March 12-April 24, 1948. To put it simply, the opposition candidate Otilio Ulate was elected President in February of 1948. The legislature then tried to annul the election because of suspicions that Otilio Ulate won via fraud, causing a civil war when military supporters of his rose up against the government, which was defeated. Ulate was handed power by a provisional government the next year.
- It's well known that several People's Republic of Tyranny countries sometimes utilized this to ensure that someone won the election.
- Josef Stalin once mentioned that it matters not who votes in an election, but rather, it matters who counts the votes when commanding his officers to do an implied instance of stuffing the ballot boxes (of course, this only applied in the Eastern European countries he was taking control of-in the Soviet Union they only allowed Communist candidates to begin with).
- Taken Up to Eleven with Charles D. B. King of Liberia, who claimed to have received 234,000 votes....at a time when Liberia had only 15,000 registered voters. He got the "most fraudulent election" award in the 1982 Guinness World Book of Records for that.
- An online vote for the best children's cartoon of 2013 had many worthy candidates, including Young Justice, Steven Universe, Gravity Falls and others. The general numbers for the voting were around 20-40 thousand each ... until you noticed My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic, which had in the region of 1.5 million. This was not helped by a) diehard bronies and b) older voters noticing that the site didn't stop you at one vote. One wonders if the site moderators noticed the disturbing discrepancy.
- Another factor in online voting is that it is easy to set up bots and scripts to vote for one entry over the other. Turning back to politics, this is why most real polling institutions in the United States do not conduct polls over the internet. On the flip side, during the 2016 campaign, many media networks ran polls on the opinion of Trump and Clinton's performances during the debates. When Trump was coming in at a lead as opposed to Clinton, many pro-Clinton media personalities dismissed this as Pro-Trump staff taking advantage of these problems in online polling to inflate his numbers. They were then completely confused when Trump was elected President.
- The tiny unincorporated town of Dorset, Minnesota encourages this in their annual mayorial election. Each vote costs $1 and you can vote as many times as you want. Instead of counting the votes, the mayor is chosen by randomly selecting one of the cast ballots during the annual Taste of Dorset festival and the money raised by the election is used to help pay for the festival.
- Boardwalk Empire based its main character, Nucky Thompson, on real-life Atlantic City policitian Nucky Johnson, who was effectively that city's version of Boss Tweed.
- There are strong suspicions Italy is now a republic because of republicans rigging the referendum to choose between monarchy and republic (polls showed monarchists winning by a small margin, and the government proclaimed a republic before the official results were announced. Also, pressure and threats on monarchists from both extremist leftists and die-hard fascists was confirmed), enough that king Umberto II could have conceivably tried to stay in power had he not preferred avoiding the likely civil war had he done so (and in fact his last acts as king helped defuse the civil war that was about to start anyway).
- For the 1957 Major League Baseball All-Star Game, Cincinnati Reds fans stuffed the ballot to elect Reds players to seven of the nine starting positions on the National League team. This led MLB to eliminate fan voting for the All-Star Game until 1970.
- Online voting for the National Hockey League All-Star Game has generated some interesting results. In 2007, there was an organized campaign to vote in Vancouver Canucks defenseman Rory Fitzpatrick as a starter, although he ended up finishing third in the voting - the two defensemen that finished ahead of him were future Hall-of-Famers Scott Niedermayer and Nicklas Lidstrom. For the 2015 game, Buffalo Sabres center Zemgus Girgensons was the top vote-getter thanks to a flood of votes from his native Latvia, while the next five top vote-getters were all from the Chicago Blackhawks.
- It got even more ridiculous in 2016, when Arizona Coyotes left winger John Scott, who had only appeared in 11 games that season, and had all of 5 goals in his NHL career, was the top vote-getter and named captain of the Pacific Division team. Almost immediately after he was announced as an All-Star, the Coyotes traded him to Montreal, and the Canadiens immediately assigned him to the minor leagues, but the NHL chose to honor the vote, and Scott, officially representing no team, scored two goals and was named MVP.
- The 1948 election for the assembly of French Algeria was so rigged against the nationalists the term élection algérienne became a byword for "electoral fraud."
- The 1970 presidential elections of the Democratic Republic of the Congo had a turnout of 100.3%, meaning there were more votes than registered voters.