Useful Notes / Formula One

The most famous motor racing the world.

A load of drivers drive very fast single-seat open wheel cars ("If it's got fenders, it's not a race car") around a circuit, having to complete a set number of laps. Points awarded on finishing positions crown the champion driver and champion constructor. Most of the commercial dealings are controlled by a billionaire short bloke with a mop top haircut called Bernie Ecclestone. The political machinations of the teams and their disputes and scandals are an almost integral part of the sport and its image.

The current champion is Lewis Hamilton who joins an elite club of drivers that have won two titles with different constructors: McLaren (2008) and Mercedes (2014). Hamilton ended the recent domination of the sport by 4-time champion Sebastian Vettel and Red Bull with a Mercedes teams that made the efforts of the dominant Red Bulls of 2011 and 2013 look rather less dominant. Hamilton had to compete against his childhood friend and teammate Nico Rosberg in a private battle for the championship. The season started badly for Hamilton as he had to overcome an engine failure in the first race but responded brilliantly to win the next four races in a row. He lead the championship briefly as a combination of unscrupulous driving in Monaco qualifying, reliability and clash with Rosberg in Belgium left him 29 points behind. Hamilton dug deep and won the next FIVE races in a row before following Rosberg home in Brazil and winning in Abu Dhabi to make sure the double points quirk attached to the race played no part in the result of the championship.

Mercedes became World Constructors Champion with the Mercedes F1 WO5 Hybrid achieving a record 701 constructors points, 16 wins, 18 poles, 12 fastest laps and 31 podiums. Mercedes' massive investment into the new hybrid V6 engine regulations for 2014 reaped the rewards, while Williams experienced a renaissance to claim 3rd in the constructors.

Notable non-Mercedes performances included the only non-Merc pole claimed by Felipe Massa for Williams in Austria. Daniel Ricciardo of Red Bull won the only 3 races not claimed by Hamilton or Rosberg and was the rising star of the season as he demolished reigning champion Vettel to finish 3rd in the championship. Fernando Alonso drove a mediocre Ferrari to 6th (six points behind Vettel...) demolishing his teammate Kimi Raikkonen who finished way down in 12th.

The season was rather tainted by the critical injury to Jules Bianchi of Marussia in torrential rain in Japan where he crashed into a JCB trying to recover Adrian Sutil's Sauber. He suffered significant head injuries and would eventually succumb to them, the first death in Formula One since Senna. Forza Jules... The subsequent withdrawal of Marussia and fellow backmarker Caterham due to financial reasons brought the sport from tragedy to farce.

The 2012 season was quite the opposite of 2013 and 2014 as it had a completely insane first third of the season with the first seven races won by seven different drivers (and the seven fastest laps set by seven different drivers), a middle third with lots of unexpected events like rain, crashes and mechanical failures messing up the chances of several drivers and the points table, and a resurgent Sebastian Vettel in the latter third of the season that saw him took four straight victories. Fernando Alonso led the standings for much of the year driving what was certaintly NOT the best machinery, and took the fight for the title down to the last race thanks to consistency, reliability and some exceptional starts. Alonso came up one place short of the title in the final race when he finished second and Vettel sixth after Vettel was spun out on the first lap and dropped to last place.

    Has a rather rich history and some famous names like: 
  • Juan Manuel Fangio, Argentinian 5-time champion in 1951 and 1954 through 1957.
  • Alberto Ascari, first titliest for Ferrari. Still the last Italian to win the title, and that's a long time ago (1952 and 1953).
  • Stirling Moss, versatile English driver, never won the championship, being runner-up four times in a row (1955-58).
  • Jack Brabham, Australian, only driver to win the title in a car of his own construction (in 1966); he also won in 1959 and 1960.
  • Jim Clark, Scottish driver renowned for smooth style, won two titles in 1963 and 1965 (year in which he also won an Indy 500) but died in a Formula 2 race in 1968.
  • Graham Hill, charismatic Londoner who won two titles (1962 and 1968), including one for Lotus after Jim Clark's death, as well as the 1966 Indy 500. He also won The 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1972, making him the only racer to achieve the Triple Crown of Motorsports.
    • Damon Hill, his son, who won one title in 1996.
  • Jackie Stewart, three time titlist (1969, 1971, 1973) who campaigned for better safety standards. He later became a race commentator who was instantly recognizable for his Scottish accent. Also had his own team in the late 1990s.
  • Mario Andretti, Italian-American won the title in 1978. Also won the Daytona 500 in 1967 and Indy 500 in 1969.
  • Emerson Fittipaldi, Brazilian won two titles, for Lotus in 1972 and McLaren in 1973. Also won Indy 500 in 1989.
  • Niki Lauda, Austrian, won 1975 title for Ferrari before being scarred in a fiery crash at the Nurburgring. Returned to win again (in 1977 and 1984) and establish Lauda Air.
  • Ronnie Peterson, late Swedish driver known for an exciting sideways driving style.
  • Gilles Villeneuve, Canadian Ferrari driver beloved by the Tifosi for his flamboyant style. Died in a racing crash in 1982.
    • His son Jacques Villeneuve, less beloved but still highly successful, having won in 1997. Also won Indy 500 and drove the 24 Hours of Le Mans.
  • Nelson Piquet, Brazilian 3-time champion (1981, 1983, 1987), known for playing practical jokes.
  • Alain Prost, Frenchman, second to Schumacher in the wins total, and third in title count, with four wins (1985, 1986, 1989 and 1993).
  • Ayrton Senna, famously intense and ruthless Brazilian, feuded with Alain Prost in the 1980s. A polarizing figure, adored in Brazil, he may have been the fastest and most daring driver in F1 history. Won three titles, in 1988, 1990 and 1991, all of which were clinched at the Japanese Grand Prix. Killed in a crash in 1994, spurring a raft of new safety rules.
  • Bruce McLaren, one of the youngest to win a Grand Prix, with his team and Gordon Murray building the ultimate road going sports car named right after the initials of the sport.
  • Nigel Mansell, English driver most associated with the Williams team, with which he was champion in 1992. Crossed over to CART for its 1993 season and won the championship (and almost the Indy 500) which lead Mansell to become the only driver to hold both championships at the same time.
  • Mika Häkkinen, two time (1998, 1999) Finnish world champion. Considered to be Michael Schumacher's only real rival (even though the 1999 win came only through lack of competition, considering this rivalry, since Schumacher sustained an injury which prevented him from driving for most of the season).
  • Michael Schumacher, German, holds most of the sport's records including most wins (91 against 51 from Prost, the previous record holder), pole positions (68, three more than Senna) and titles (seven, in 1994, 1995 and 2000 through 2004, breaking Fangio's five-title record), making him the world's wealthiest athlete. Retired in 2006. Had planned a comeback to cover for the injured Felipe Massa, but was forced to call it off due to his own injuries. Then came back for Mercedes in 2000 after recovering from a neck injury that kept him out the year before. Drove around in the middle of the field. For someone off the track for 4 years practically driving the first time again (not counting training of course) it is a solid performance, though people have been expecting top-3 positions due to his legend... finally retired for good in 2012 (the same year he got his last podium, becoming the oldest pilot finishing a race in the top 3). In 2014 he was critically injured in a skiing accident leaving him with life altering injuries rendering any further comebacks moot.
  • Fernando Alonso, Spaniard, second youngest two time world champion. Ended Schumacher's dominance in 2005 and 2006. Currently struggling with McLaren.
  • Kimi Räikkönen, Finnish, 2007 world champion. A great character, known off track due to his... smooth approach to press conferences, to his engineers and to alcohol. Also known as "The Iceman" thanks to his nationality and (lack of) expressiveness.
  • Lewis Hamilton: The English champion of the 2008, 2014 and 2015 seasons, currently in Mercedes. The second youngest man to win the title and did so in only his second year of racing with McLaren (after finishing one point behind winner Kimi Räikkönen the season before, his debut season). Even then, he won by a single point from Ferrari's Felipe Massa, on the last corner of the last lap of the last race. Hamilton won his second title in more convincing fashion with Mercedes to see off the challenge of teammate and childhood friend Nico Rosberg with a win Abu Dhabi, the only double points race in F1 history. Then the third title came with three races yet to be contested!
  • Jenson Button: The 2009 English champion, who finally came into prominence after his team (Honda) bounced back as the Brawn GP Team when team manager Ross Brawn bought it from the carmaker after they pulled out of the sport (nearly preventing Button from racing) and retrofitted it with a Mercedes-Benz engine, and caught everyone by surprise by blazing the competition.
  • Rubens Barrichello: Brazilian driver who holds the record for most races contested (326 races with 322 starts) with a career that spanned nineteen seasons, longer than any other driver. Notoriously known as Schumacher's former teammate, who was forced to concede a race win to him. Also drove in the 2012 Indianapolis 500, but decided against returning to the brickyard in 2013 after a disappointing result there. At least he beat The Stig.
  • Sebastian Vettel, German, the 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 World Champion. Holds many of the sport's 'youngest' records such as youngest driver to drive at a grand prix, lead a race, earn a fastest lap, win pole position, win a race, win one, two, three and four world championships, and the 'shortest time between the start of a F1 career and his first penalty'. SIX SECONDS.
  • Keke Rosberg, the first Finn to win an F1 title, doing it in 1982 despite only winning a single race.
    • Nico Rosberg is Keke's son. He claims German nationality due to his mother being German and the fact he was born there. He has raced in F1 since 2006 and moved to Mercedes in 2010. In 2014, he challenged for and lost the championship to childhood friend Hamilton in a close battle with a record ten 2nd places in the season. In 2015, was runner-up to Hamilton again, winning all three final races once his friend had already got the title.

The most famous team is Ferrari, who have won the most races and championships. Ferrari fell into a slump in the 1980s but were rejuvenated by the signing of Michael Schumacher in 1996 and dominated the 'noughties. The nearest challenger is the British McLaren team, founded by the late New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Ayrton Senna and Alain Prost dominated in the 1980s driving for McLaren. The British Williams team were strong in the 'nineties, thanks partly to a strong design department, but have slipped to the midfield in recent years. Sports car maker Lotus is the next most successful team, but the team started slipping down the order after technical genius and founder Colin Chapman's death, withdrew from F1 in 1994 and didn't return untill 2010 when a Malaysian backed company used the name. The 'Big Four' of racing are generally considered to be Benetton/Renault, Williams, Mclaren and Ferrari since they have dominated the drivers and constructors championships since the 80's, the majority of titles going to Mclaren and Ferrari; they are the most successful teams in the sport. However the status quo was upset in 2009 with the success of Brawn (now Mercedes) and, later in 2010 and 2011, Red Bull.note 

The name "Formula One" comes from the formula that all qualifying cars must follow. It specifies things like the maximum engine displacement, the shape of the car's undercarriage, the size of the fuel cell, etc., and is subject to change from year to year. There is also a racing circuit called "Formula Two" which involves much smaller, lower-powered, and generally less expensive cars; if Formula One were the NFL, Formula Two would be Arena Football.

Probably the greatest technical change occurred in the late 1950s when front-engined cars were replaced by superior mid-engined cars that were lighter and handled better. This revolution led to British teams taking over from the traditionally dominant Italian Maseratis and Ferraris during the 1960s. In the 1970s cars grew larger aerofoils; inverted wings designed to create downward lift (downforce) to press the cars down on to the road and improve grip. This led to Lotus pioneering 'Ground Effect' cars that were designed to create a low pressure area under the car using "Venturi tunnels", further increasing grip.note  In the 1980s turbochargers increased power outputs to 1000hp but were banned in 1989. During that decade increased safety regulations, and stronger carbon composite cars, led to a massive drop in the number of fatal crashes. The death of Ayrton Senna in a racing crash in 1994 spurred further safety regulations and attempts to limit car performance. Many advanced 'driver aids', like ABS and traction control have been outlawed, allowed again, and outlawed again, since then - technical rule changes are often a cue for fans to say They Changed It, Now It Sucks. (Compare NASCAR, which banned fuel injection in 1958 - and maintained the ban until 2012, decades after carburetors became obsolete on road cars.) In any event, the cars today have more technical affinity with the Space Shuttlenote  than what's parked in your driveway.

Unlike other major worldwide sports, the playing field for F1 changes at every event. Many of the race tracks are equally legendary names as the drivers and cars. The most notorious is probably the Nürburgring Nordschleife in Germany - a 14 mile course with over one hundred corners, it was last used in 1976 but is still there and is even open to the public to drive round if you pay. Other famous tracks still in use are Monza (Italy), Silverstone (UK), Spa-Francorchamps (Belgium), Suzuka (Japan) and the street race in Monte-Carlo (Monaco). A frequent gripe of fans is when an exciting track is dropped or altered in the name of safety. Currently the expansion of F1 into new countries such as China, Bahrain and Malaysia has led to several bespoke tracks that are frequently condemned for being soulless and boring, earning the derisive nickname of Tilkedromes — Google the name "Hermann Tilke" to see the explanation and fan reactions.

F1 used to be notorious for frequent driver deaths, but it's a lot safer than it was - before 2014, no driver has died at the wheel of an F1 Car since Senna and Ratzenberger in 1994. On the other hand there were still the occaisonal marshall deaths, such as the one killed at the Melbourne Grand Prix a few years ago, and another in Canada. However at the 2014 Japanese Grand Prix; Jules Bianchi suffered a critical brain injury after he collided with a recovery vehicle in very wet conditions, which left him in a coma. This led to calls to make the car's cockpits fully enclosed. Sadly he would never awaken, nine months after his crash. Bianchi succumbed to his injuries.

Races are currently shown on both Sky and The BBC, with Sky broadcasting all the races live, while the BBC televises half the races live and shows highlights of the rest. The move to pay-per-view broadcasts has not been received well, especially as the BBC had received lots of praise compared to ITV, who had struggled due to advertising problems and at least two key overtaking manouevres being missed due to inconveniently timed ad breaks. The Beeb also brought back "The Chain" by Fleetwood Mac as the Theme Tune to its coverage - the song is long associated with F1 and car racing.

For the approximate USA equivalent, see Indy Car.

In other media

     Anime and Manga 
  • Future GPX Cyber Formula is about a futuristic version of Formula One. Notable for having one character named after Michael Schumacher (though granted, when the character was first introduced, Schumacher was still in Formula Three at the time.)

    Live-Action TV 
  • Top Gear has had various F1 drivers as their 'Star in a Reasonably Priced Car'. Unlike most of the stars, they have their own leader board due to their skill superiority. Rubens Barrichello was the first driver to beat The Stig's time, by a mere a tenth of a second. Lewis Hamilton currently holds the fastest time, superseding both by over a second
    • Consequently, the Stig has developed an irrational hatred for Rubens.
    • Both Jackie Stewart and Mika Häkkinen have been featured in segments where they teach presenter James May (aka 'Captain Slow') how to drive like a racer.
    • Series 13 had Stig reveal Michael Schumacher. It wasn't, as he was later revealed to be Ben Collins.
    • Also in Season 13, during the 'rear wheel drive' challenge, the presenters were in a race in France. One of the other competitors was former driver Olivier Panis. He called their cars shitboxes.
    • As mentioned below, the original Stig was the talented but unlucky Perry McCarthy. He outed himself in his biography, and was subsequently fired due to a clause in his contract saying that if his identity was revealed, he must be fired.
    • The second Stig, who was with the show from series 3 through series 15, was revealed to be Ben Collins. They are now on their third Stig.
    • Season 14 had the presenters attempt to make art out of cars. David Coulthard helped Jeremy out with his art, using a 2005 Red Bull car. Specifically, using paintballs fired from the exhaust pipe of the Red Bull car. Onto a canvas Clarkson was holding in front of him. It didn't go well.
      Coulthard: [as Clarkson lies in a fetal curl on the ground] I'm not giving him mouth to mouth.
    • Season 15 Episode 5 had an absolutely beautiful tribute to Ayrton Senna, to commemorate what would have been his fiftieth birthday earlier that year (2010).
    • Season 17 Episode 3 produced a new fastest driver in the F1 'Star in a Reasonably Priced Car' Leader Board, Sebastian Vettel. He was defeated by Lewis Hamiton and his old Red Bull teammate Mark Webber a few series later.
    • Season 18 Episode 7 featured Kimi Räikkönen, returning from his two-year F1 sabbatical (in which he competed in the World Rally Championship), as the 'Star in a Reasonably Priced Car'.
  • This Is Your Life also featured a few drivers as the subject of its show. Notably Murray Walker, Damon Hill and Nigel Mansell. Several other racing drivers acted as guests.
  • A Bit of Fry and Laurie featured a sketch where Hugh Laurie played an F1 driver who constantly moans about his "many problems" even though he won the race. The interviewer (Stephen Fry), after berating him "You do a job that half of mankind would kill be able to do, and you can have sex with the other half as often as you like!", "Are you ARSING WELL HAPPY you dismal moaning French twat?" finally punches him out. A real punch as well, hence Stephen's slightly guilty expression.
  • The Mary Whitehouse Experience has a sketch trying to prove that elderly drivers are the most dangerous. Part of which was Ayrton Senna and Alain Prost being held up at the British GP by 'Granddad'. The constuctors championship being won by McLaren, with Ferrari second, and "Austin 1100" third.
  • Jasper Carrott talked about fellow brummie Nigel Mansell on his show: "Potentially, he is the most exciting man on the Earth..." (beat) "...until he speaks". "He's got all those exciting endorsements on his tunic; Havoline, Texaco,'s so incongruous isn't it?. It should be Horlicks, or Solihull Public Library" He even mentioned Nigel's Indycar switch: "Paul Newman, and Nigel Mansell! Butch Cassidy and The Sanatogen Kid!"
  • Machalcon from Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger is an Engine based on a Formula 1 car.

  • John Frankenheimer's 1966 movie Grand Prix, starring James Garner, Eva Marie Saint, and Yves Montand is pretty much the definitive Hollywood treatment of Formula One.
  • Roman Polanski produced a documentary following Jackie Stewart's 1971 Monaco GP victory.
  • Senna, a documentary on Ayrton Senna has been produced. It premiered in Japan during the 2010 Japanese Grand Prix weekend, and was a competitor in the 27th Sundance Film Festival, where it won the World Cinema Audience Award for Documentary Film.
  • In Iron Man 2, Tony Stark enters a Historic F1 race at Monaco.
  • A biopic called Rush, directed by Ron Howard, which focuses on the rivalry between James Hunt and Niki Lauda during the 1976 season (won by Hunt).


     Video Games 
  • There have been a large number of officially licensed games, some of them endorsed by F1 drivers (most of these being Japan-only games, and even most of these endorsed by Satoru Nakajima).
    • FIA themselves are currently licensing the Formula One brand to Codemasters (who are a household name in auto racing games since the Colin MacRae series), so they'll make an yearly game based on the current season (though said game always comes towards the end of the season, which is explained as the time the teams and drivers' characteristics are better sorted out).
  • The highly successful Super Monaco GP series on Genesis, which weren't FIA officially licensed games and thus made use of Expies for both cars and drivers; the second game however had Ayrton Senna's supervision and thus was the only real-name driver displayed there.
    • As In-Name-Only as it is, Sega had previously made an "original" Monaco GP in the late 1970s.
  • Project CARS has many forms of open-wheel Formula One cars in the form of Lawyer-Friendly Cameos. Formula Rookie, Formula 1000 Golf, and Formula C/B/A. Side events in the career that you can be invited to feature vintage Lotus built cars from the 49 Cosworth at A, the 72D Cosworth and 78 Cosworth at B or the 98T Renault at C
  • Also from Sega, 3D racing pioneer Virtua Racing had the option to drive F1 cars.
  • Grand Prix Legends was a PC simulation of the 1967 season.
  • Now there's also F1 Race Stars, which is Formula One meets Mario Kart.
  • Forza Motorsport 5 includes, for the first time in the series, open-wheeled cars, three of them being F1s: Kimi Räikkönen's Lotus from the last season, and from the 1976 season, James Hunt's McLaren and Niki Lauda's Ferrari (which also doubles as a Shout-Out to the 2013 film Rush).

     Web Video 

     Western Animation 
  • The Autobot Mirage on The Transformers turns into a formula one car (based on the Ligier F1 car).