Fauns and Satyrs, while originally quite different, have often been fused together, both in the original myths and modern fiction. (Which is why they share a page.)
Originally, Satyrs had the tail and ears of either horses or donkeys, though later they acquired goat legs, becoming almost identical with fauns. In earlier Greek art art they were portrayed as quite ugly, though later they became more youthful and graceful.
They were associated with sex, wine, and pipe playing. They were obsessed with and would pursue the nymphs, and would frequently dance with them. Despite their shy and cowardly nature, they could be dangerous.
The faun was a forest god manifestation of forest and animal spirits, it was associated with nature, and it could inspire fear in man (hence the word "panic"), but it also could guide them, if it felt so inclined.
Other goat people include the Greek god Pan, his Roman counterpart Faunus/Inuus, and in some depictions,Satan (which coincidentally sounds a lot like "satyr").
See also Our Centaurs Are Different.
Caesar Clown's Gas Mask Mooks in One Piece are actually this. They used to be fully human, but because they lost the use of their legs due to the poisonous gas on Punk Hazard, they were given new animal legs by Trafalgar Law.
Pan's Labyrinth has a faun, although in a twist authorized by the Rule of Creepy, he seems to be most mostly of rotting wood, thus representing a fusion of both the animal and vegetable realms of nature.
Mr. Tumnus, a faun in the The Chronicles of Narnia. Also, other fauns are mentioned thoughout the series, along with satyrs. The difference between them is that fauns have long tails, and satyrs have goat tails. The recent films expanded this difference, and made fauns human from the waist up with regular got tails, and satyrs looking more like human-sized goats that walk on their hind legs.
In Xanth, Fauns love chasing nymphs and simulating summoning the stork with them.
Matthew in Satyrday is ages old, but is quite irresponsible, with a mind of a child. Bonus points for having a pipe and being quite skilled with it.
Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote a novel called The Marble Faun, though the faun there is the statue by Praxiteles, which is almost totally human in form. The faun has a human counterpart, however, in the novel's Donatello (no, not that one), Count of Monti Beni.
Satyrs appear in the Fablehaven books. They have some of the qualities of the original satyrs (they're often seen trying to impress girls, and at one point, they offer Seth wine), but they're also TV addicts.
In the book Through the Ice the character Rame is in self-exile from the community of satyrs because he considers himself a faun. While he is less obsessed with sex and thus somewhat more acceptable to humans, his fellow satyrs treat him like a pervert.
The Orphan's Tales series features the Gaselli, who are obviously enough more related to Gazelle, but have a similar motif. A race of nature oriented beings with cloven hooves. They tend to be more interested in food than sex however.
Eshkol and her family represent more traditional version of this trope.
Kate Forsyth's Witches of Eileanan universe has "satyricorns." While they mostly look like the traditional model in appearance (except for being seven feet tall, having a variable number and arrangement of horns, and having six mammaries) and behavior (albeit towards the nastierside), they zigzag the trope by being primarily female.
A satyr is the villain in the Brian Keene horror novel Dark Hollow (AKA The Rutting Season.)
Edmund Spenser's The Fairy Queen features satyrs, first as a group of surprisingly pious forest dwellers who even have a half-satyr knight living among them, Sir Satyrane. Later, a separate band of satyrs are depicted as the usual riotous sex maniacs.
Satan and his demons are often depicted similarly to fauns, (though never in The Bible) having cloven hooves and horns, with the addition of a long tail with a arrow head shape at the end, (sometimes) bat wings, and a bright red color. See Big Red Devil.
There are also actual satyrs. Mistaking the two for one another is not a good idea. The Broos are chaos creatures that breed by raping any creatures that are available (all Broos are male), and their offspring takes features of those creatures. Farm animals, especially goats are apparently most easily available for them.
In GURPS Dungeon Fantasy, Saturs are a possible character race, which includes females as well.
The famous Greek tragedies originally came in tetralogies. The first three were traditional tragedies following some sort of story arch. The final play was a Satyr play which satirized the first three (though "satyr" and "satire" aren't actually etymologically related) and also made tasteless jokes about well-known people. They were so-called because the actors wore fur leggings and big fake leather cocks, like satyrs. Of the hundreds of ancient satyr plays only one still exists today, Euripides' The Cyclops, which is indeed a ribald satirical depiction of the cyclops island passage of The Odyssey.
Satyrs also show up in Dragon Quest VIII, in the bestiary. They use their flutes as a weapon.
Satyrs in the Warcraft universe are half-demonic corrupted night elves, and Fauns are half-daughters of the Demigod Cenarius.
Spyro the Dragon: Ripto's Rage/Gateway to Glimmer has both fauns and satyrs. In addition to primary character Elora, there are humanoid-looking fauns and satyrs in the Fracture Hills, and smaller more monster-y looking fauns in the Magma Cone. Exactly what differentiates them is not entirely clear.
It's also worth noting that the Fracture Hills fauns, and to a lesser extant Elora, aren't all that humanoid to begin with. The ones in Fracture Hills in particular look more like anthropomorphic wolves with goat legs.
Also in Fracture Hills the fauns are all female and the satyrs are male, while in Magma Core the fauns seem to be mostly male.
Diablo has Goatmen, which are actually demons and not related to either goats or humans.