"It's glorious! The streets are paved with water! You could ride a walrus to work!"Perhaps it's for some aesthetic reason, or perhaps it's simply because they're so unusual — for whatever reason, cities with canals instead of streets are a very popular setting, especially in fantasy. In stories set in the real world, or some alternate universe sharing its geography, this city is, of course, Venice — there are actually other cities and towns with lots of canals, but none are quite as famous or as glamorous, especially since Venice renewed their efforts to make everything really nice and clean in the 1980s. Meanwhile, other worlds often have cities which are suspiciously similar to Venice, usually (though not always) within an Italy-like country. Pretty, old-fashioned European-style architecture and gondolas are optional, though common. Besides Venice a number of real cities do actually have canals, though most lack Venice's aesthetics due to their most common, ahem, industrial function.
— Homer Simpson, The Simpsons
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Anime and Manga
- There's one in .hack, Mac Anu, the first Root Town (city and only areas free of monsters) new players of The World see. It maintains it's presence in all .hack Media. After the destruction of The World's servers and creation of The World R:2 it has a new design with Steampunk elements though it keeps it's characteristic Canals. When The World R:X is released the design of R:2's version seems to be left intact but without the Steam Punk elements creating a fusion of sorts between the two.
- ARIA is set in the city of Neo Venezia, a copy of the original, with exact duplicates of some of the more famous landmarks, on a terraformed Mars and the source of a lot beautiful imagery.
- There was a Venice-y city called Aquroya in the 2003 anime version of Fullmetal Alchemist, which was sinking so fast they didn't expect it to be there in five years' time.
- Guardian Fairy Michel has Precia, which took a more realistic approach with the canals being full of stinky trash.
- The "Sad Country" in Kino's Journey seems to consist of a city like this.
- Ginko of Mushishi visits one in the story "Hidden Cove."
- The island Water 7 in One Piece is modeled after Venice, down to the canals and festival costumes. But exaggerated.
- Pokémon Heroes, the fifth Pokémon movie, was set in a City of Canals called Alto Mare (Italian for high sea); the director visited Venice beforehand to scout out the city. Within the games, there's Canalave City in Pokémon Diamond and Pearl.
- The Asturian capital in The Vision of Escaflowne is also depicted like this.
- New Venice from at least the early Silver Age Aquaman comics; an American town that had suffered permanent flooding and decided to go the canal route.
- In Drowntown, London has become one, although not intentionally — parts of the city have flooded due to Global Warming, but the city is still fully inhabited.
- The Discworld Round Robin Flipside, published in The Wizard's Knob magazine in the mid 90s, had the city of Venialli, famed for its open sewers ... er, canals.
- The Sun Soul does this with Cerulean City. It isn't a huge plot device or anything, but it's obvious the author has some kind of love for Scenery Porn.
- Two James Bond films: Moonraker and Casino Royale (2006). The latter actually had Bond make a building sink by shooting at the buoys.
- Theed from Star Wars.
- Babe: Pig in the City takes place in a mashuptropolis that, among other, weirder things, has Venice-style canals in place of streets.
- A significant amount of Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade takes place in Venice.
- Which had catacombs underneath it.
- Venice plays a large role in The Talented Mr. Ripley.
- Don't Look Now, which made a point of making Venice look, well, a bit crap.
- The 2003 remake of The Italian Job begins with the eponymous caper pulled off in Venice.
- The second act of The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen film takes place in Venice, although some alternate Venice where the Bridge of Sighs is tall and wide enough to let the freighter-sized Nautilus pass under it and has long roads suitable for car chases.
- The rat undercity in Flushed Away.
- The film The Tourist, starring Angelina Jolie and Johnny Depp, is set primarily in Venice.
- The Dutch horror film Amsterdamned is all about Amsterdam's canals, including a speedboat chase (which was filmed in Utrecht, incidentally).
- In the Israeli film Blaumilch Canal, a lunatic named Blaumilch who steals a jackhammer and drills in the middle of Allenby Street (a major street in Tel-Aviv) and the bureaucracy is in such chaos they start believing he was actually authorised by someone; eventually, this leads to a variation of this Trope in the climax: Blaumilch destroys the roads infrastructure so that the Mediterranean Sea comes gushing in, and City Hall celebrates the grand opening of Allenby Canal, with the mayor taking credit for the project and calling Tel-Aviv Venice of the Mid East.
- The city of Tenochtitlán, both in real life and in Federico Andahazi's El Conquistador.
- The eponymous city of C. J. Cherryh's Merovingen Nights shared-world anthology series.
- The city of New Venice in Peter F. Hamilton's sci fi Commonwealth Saga is a city of canals built by a property developer and is based on the original Venice.
- Michael Ende's The Neverending Story features a city that, while not technically a City of Canals, is surely an extension of this trope and must be inspired by Venice... it's a city of floating silver filigree palaces on a lake of tears.
- The first part of Mary Hoffman's Stravaganza series is set in an Alternate Universe Renaissance version of Venice called Bellezza, presided over by their beloved and masked Duchessa.
- Laketown in The Hobbit
- Illian in Robert Jordan's The Wheel of Time, although since corpses and human refuse are often dumped in some of the lower city's canals, they stink something awful.
- Tanith Lee's City of Venus.
- Camorr in The Lies of Locke Lamora by Scott Lynch.
- Braavos in A Song of Ice and Fire.
- The city of Urteau in The Hero Of Ages had canals, but they dried up and they have street slots now. Canals are also used as a sort of highway system in the Mistborn Trilogy.
- Kai Meyer's Dark Reflections trilogy is partly set in an alternate Venice.
- One of the cities in the Fabled Lands series was very heavily based on Venice, being a major trading port with a Mediterranean climate and lots of canals.
- Kurjain, the capital city of Bethiya, in The Assassins of Tamurin
- La Serenissima (an actual nickname of Venice, sometimes called "The Serene Republic") in the Kushiel's Legacy books.
- Alastair Reynolds' short story "Zima Blue" has a planet with "one hundred and seventy first known duplicate of Venice, and one of only three Venices rendered entirely in white marble."
- Cornelia Funke's The Thief Lord is set in Venice.
- Waterfall City in Dinotopia.
- Utyrak, on the planet Salavat in the Breen Condederacy, in the Star Trek: Typhon Pact novel Zero-Sum Game. Like all Breen cities it's underground, built on a subterranean canal network.
- Zarzaparilla Street in Palimpsest is a milky river covered in coats that must be navigated by gondola.
- In Stephen Hunt's Jackelian Series, Hermetica City on Jago has a canal network, complete with gondolas and cargo barges. In this case, some of the canals are boiling hot, Jago being a geothermally-active island which humans originally settled as a refuge during an Ice Age.
- In Birthright (2017), the city of Sangam, being built on the islands of a river delta, has an extensive series of canals. Most of them appear to be completely natural rather than man-made, complete with mangrove trees growing out of the water and along the banks.
Live Action TV
- The Doctor Who story "The Vampires of Venice" is set in 16th century Venice, which was, ironically, filmed in Croatia.
- Subverted in an episode of The Detectives where Bob and Dave are in Amsterdam (which also has a lot of canals) but think they're in Venice.
- Game of Thrones: The Free City of Braavos, which is loosely based on Renaissance Venice, is built across several marshy islands in a lagoon and crisscrossed by hundreds of canals.
- Dungeons & Dragons:
- Glantri City in the Mystara setting.
- The Eberron setting has something similar in Zarash'ak, the major city in the Shadow Marches. It's a collection of buildings and plazas built on stilts over a swamp and frequently connected by bridges. Unlike most cities of this sort, the Marchers don't use the canals to move around as much due to occasional hostile wildlife.
- Marienburg, in Warhammer Fantasy Roleplay, is based pretty closely on the real-world Amsterdam.
- The High Elf city of Tor Elyr in Ulthuan is also criss-crossed by minor river tributaries and canals.
- Shadowrun's version of Hamburg is not only called "Venice of the North", it actually is one due to massive flooding in the early 21st century submerging large parts of the city, creating a maze of canals.
- Practically every Martian city in Rocket Age is built around at least one giant canal and a few smaller ones that bring melt water down from the ice caps in the flow season.
- Vodacce in 7th Sea, Fantasy Counterpart Culture version of Venice.
- Atelier Iris 3 takes place in a City Of Canals. The gondolas are rowed by a fairy.
- The capital of water planet Hillys, from Beyond Good & Evil.
- Founder's Falls in City of Heroes is basically the game's Nob Hill, and has lots of canals running through the neighborhood proper to allow for yachting.
- And then there's Crey's Folly; before the Rikti War made a mess of it, its more-or-less official name was Venice, so called because of the canals designed to carry industrial waste.
- The Elder Scrolls:
- The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind has Vivec. It looks nothing like a European city — each of its city blocks is a single gargantuan building (a 'canton') rising up from the water, and the bridges binding the cantons together are part of the buildings themselves.
- The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion has Bravil. The number of canals is more limited, but contributes well to the city's atmosphere as an impoverished dump. Its built over a swamp, after all. A modestly pestilential one.
- The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim has Riften, a Bravil expy to the extent that it is a canal city and a Wretched Hive.
- Canals and gondolas are a feature of the Kingdom of Cyrum in Grandia II.
- Hydro Thunder has Venice Canals, is Exactly What It Says on the Tin.
- Various areas of Haven City in Jak and Daxter has these; it helps when half the city is knee deep in water.
- The Journeyman Project III: Legacy of Time: Atlantis, complete with a gondola service. The chatty boatman fills you in on the background of the setting.
- The Legend of Dragoon has one.
- Lineage 2 has Heine. Given that it's a water-themed city, there are naturally a lot of elves and swampy grindzones nearby.
- City on the Water in Painkiller.
- There was one actually called "Canal City" on Planet Notak in Ratchet & Clank: Going Commando.
- Soleanna in the 2006 Sonic the Hedgehog.
- There's a city like this in Tales of Destiny.
- Venezia in Tales of Phantasia. The canals make getting around a little annoying at first.
- TimeSplitters: Future Perfect has a deathmatch level called Venice.
- There's a level in Tomb Raider II set in Venice.
- Stormwind of Warcraft has extensive canals, though it still has cobbled roads.
- So does the Undercity, although the canals in question contain mysterious green goo instead of regular water.
- Suramar City in Legion is much more Venice-like, complete with gondolas; diving into the canals is one of the best ways to escape from enemies.
- Assassin's Creed II has over a third of the game set in Venice.
- Shown in several parts of the Sakura Wars franchise, which takes place in the 1920s; Tokyo once was full of canals, most of which are now gone because of World War I (or a Demon War) and urban development afterwards.
- Sigfried's level in SoulCalibur for the Dreamcast is set in Venice.
- The Plaza maps in Water Warfare have large, shallow canals running through them, but they're effectively drained—you can run in them without getting wet. However, you can refill your squirt guns by standing anywhere in them (so long as you hold still).
- Spinon from Solatorobo combines this with Floating Continent: it's a city in the sky with a network of canals which all flow right off the edge of the island.
- Sunken City in The Legend of Zelda: Oracle of Seasons became one after it was flooded when the seasons went nuts.
- This is currently the only way to build a city with streets that can be driven on freely in Minecraft without using mods.
- Naturally one of the cities in the world of Valencia from Pirate 101 has since it's based on Venice.
- The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3 had Venice, which Kootie Pie wanted to flood to make a water park.
- The Northern Water Tribe's city in Avatar: The Last Airbender is something like this. Only it's made of ice with canals in it.
- In The Simpsons, Homer briefly turns Springfield into one of these. Surprisingly enough, no one's upset about this.
- The 1987 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles had the turtles touring Venice just in time for the Mardi Gras festival. Shredder and Krang plan flood the city with the Hydrofluxor.
- Venice, Italy, obviously.
- In addition, several cities are titled "The Venice of..." because of the identification of this trope with the city. These include Amsterdam in the Netherlands, Bruges in Belgium, Hamburg in Germany, St. Petersburg in Russia, Stockholm in Sweden, Ft. Lauderdale in Florida, Birmingham in England, Suzhou in China and Recife in Brazil; and of course the Venice of Asia, Bangkok in Thailand.
Humphrey Lyttleton: Birmingham, known as the "Venice of the North", by people who haven't been to Venice.
- Many, if not most cities of the Netherlands - of course, since this is the country that most major European rivers end in, and it lies mostly below Sea Level. To note just some of the better-known cities: Amsterdam (where Amsterdamned takes place; and like noted above, this city has the nickname of "Venice of the North"); Utrecht (where most of the before-mentioned Amsterdamned was actually shot); Delft (from Girl with a Pearl Earring) and Leiden (from Soldier of Orange).
- Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire, which was located on top of Lake Texcoco in what is now Mexico. However, seeing as it was the seat of power of an ancient Native American culture far removed from anything resembling European culture, it really wasn't anything like Venice but even more beautiful according to the historical accounts.
- Venice, CA was Abbot Kinney's attempt to re-create this in Los Angeles.
- The ancient Sumerian city of Uruk was founded before 4000 BC, making it the Ur-Example.
- Phoenix, Arizona has several canals to supply the area's water needs, most of which have scenic walkways on either side. They also have historical significance, as many of them were dug by Native Americans in the area centuries before white settles arrived.
- There was some plan to do this in Raanana in Israel. It was quickly scrapped, though.
- The practice of the native peoples around Lake Maracaibo of building their buildings on stilts in the lake led the Spanish to call the region around the lake "little Venice"—in their language, Venezuela.
- Two cities are currently competing over the title of "Australia's Venice": Gold Coast (Queensland, south of Brisbane) and Woy Woy (New South Wales, north of Sydney). Here's a map of Mermaid Beach, Gold Coast◊, and here's a map of southern Woy Woy◊.
- Deliberately invoked when Port Grimaud, France was constructed in 1966. Each of the (tiny) houses came with its own berth for a large-sized leisure boat