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Anime & Manga
- Hinamizawa, the setting of Higurashi: When They Cry, could be seen as a Japanese Campbell Country. Especially with its taboo on people leaving and (until recently) people entering.
- Uzumaki is set in a small fishing town in a remote part of Japan, that can only be reached through a single tunnel by road, or by ship from seaside.
- Tanabata No Kuni is another manga with a Town with a Dark Secret which is home to an odd cult.
- Another's Yomiyama is yet another.
- John Constantine usually operates out of London, but he's been known to take a break from the unrelenting horrors of the city and relax with the unrelenting horrors of the countryside.
- The Monster Club features a little village just off the main road in pleasant English countryside, which has been ruled by ghouls since Puritan times.
- Northfork, Montana seems to be this sort of locale, a flat gray expanse doomed to be flooded by the building of a dam.
- Dagon, a movie version of The Shadow Over Innsmouth is set on the Spanish coast ... apparently somewhere in or near Galicia.
- The Wicker Man (the original, anyway) had an interesting way of giving its setting physical isolation - it was set on the (fictional) remote Scottish island of Summerisle.
- When Richard Matheson adapted his novel Hell House to film (The Legend of Hell House), he moved it from its Lovecraft Country setting to the English countryside.
- Cast a Deadly Spell brings the Cthulhu Mythos to Los Angeles.
- AJ Annila's Sauna features a Medieval Nordic version of this trope.
- Blackmoor from The Wolfman (2010) definitely fits this trope, and it even comes complete with scary woods!
- D'Ampton in The Lair of the White Worm is a small village in England that houses a giant dragon and reptilian vampire worshippers.
- Most obviously, Ramsey Campbell's stories set in Brichester and other fictional Gloucestershire towns. Wikipedia has an overview here.
- Even before Ramsey Campbell, turn-of-the-century author M. R. James was exploring both English and continental-European patches of what could be called Campbell Country.
- Most of Arthur Machen's novellas and short stories, and his novel The Great God Pan, have a rural Welsh or London background in which sinister ancient horrors lurk and are capable of interbreeding with modern people. H.P. Lovecraft acknowledged Machen's great influence on the genesis of the Cthulhu Mythos.
- Brian Lumley created a Lovecraft Country of his own in NE England, complete with a satellite colony of Deep Ones.
- The Hungarian village of Stregiocavar in Robert E. Howard's The Black Stone.
- While Stephen King normally sets his stories in Lovecraft Country, his short story Crouch End was a Cthulhu Mythos story set in Crouch End in north London.
- In Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, the scenes of Voldemort's family seem very Lovecraftian/Campbellian, in that they are portrayed as horribly inbred as a consequence of being such an ancient family, a theme Lovecraft often touched upon.
- Heck, the mere tone and description of the place they lived in sounds a little Lovecraftian itself. No wonder Tom Riddle turned out so screwed up...
- Harry Potter also contains the Isle of Drear off the northern tip of Scotland, where the deadly monsters called Quintapeds are contained. In fact, Hogwarts' own location might qualify, set off as it is in an unregarded bit of Scotland (being Unplottable helps).
- H.P. Lovecraft himself did this: The Rats in the Walls is set in England.
- Charles Stross did a neat thing with The Laundry Series (essentially Spy Fiction meets Cosmic Horror Story): the English lost city of Dunwich (which Lovecraft used as a name for a fictional town) was not lost at all, but rather the training ground for the Laundry, a secret organization that prevents "reality incursions." Apparently someone in the Laundry noticed the very odd census reports, and the citizens were relocated and the town erased off the maps. The only way to get there is with a specially-programmed GPS unit and a key for the appropriate wards. Stross' Dunwich is also slowly sinking into the water.
- Shadows Over Baker Street is a collection of short stories by different authors, about Sherlock Holmes investigating various Lovecraftian mysteries.
- "Tales Of The Shadowmen", a series of various anthology crossover books, has had various stories involving known literary characters (Hercule Poirot, a Doc Savage analogue, etc.) tangle with Lovecraftian creatures in various locales around Europe and elsewhere.
- Neil Gaiman wrote a short story titled "Shoggoth's Old Peculiar" set in the apparently original Innsmouth on the British coast, as seen through the eyes of an American tourist who isn't in the know. (The title is the name of the pub's signature beer.) The local residents have caught onto events and they don't think much of Howard P.
- Carnacki's adventures happen all around Great Britain and Ireland, and he's based in Chelsea, London.
- John Buchan (best known for The 39 Steps) wrote various stories in this setting, such as "The Outgoing of the Tide" and "The Watcher by the Threshold".
- "Anneke Johansen's Portrait", an original companion piece to The Call of Cthulhu, is set in Oslo, Norway. It can be read here.
- WH Pugmire is a resident of Seattle who sets many of his Lovecraftian stories in Sesqua Valley, a fictional location near Mt. Si.
Live Action TV
- The Torchwood episode "Countrycide" was all about this in rural Wales, contasting with the usual Aliens in Cardiff stories.
- The League of Gentlemen is set in Royston Vasey, in Northern England. It's... odd. Initially a comedy, the sense that the town is just a mask for insanity, evil and genuinely disturbing horror grows as the series progresses.
- The setting of Darkplace Hospital in Garth Marenghis Darkplace is an Affectionate Parody of this setting.
- The Stone Tape (1972) is set in a castle that only dates from the 19th century, but it turns out the foundations are over a thousand years old. And there are noises said to be caused by "rats in the walls" only it doesn't have any rats.
- A rare (and extremely weird) musical example is avant-garde rock artist Bob Drake's The Shunned Country, which features 52 extremely short song narratives all taking place in Campbell Country - specifically rural France (although a few songs are set elsewhere, like "Kaziah's Pet," which takes place in Lovecraft's Arkham, Massachusetts). The introductory lyrics of the album appropriately represents what follows: "Not many normal folks live around here anymore / having had one too many strange things show up at their door / some were oozing, some were scuttling, some were shambling / some were floating, some had one too many dimensions."
- The titular neighbourhood in Space's "Neighbourhood":
At 666 there lives a Mr. MillerHe's our local vicar and a serial killer
- Dark Fall: The Journal uses the fictional West Country village of Dowerton as the site of supernatural disappearances dating back centuries.
- Barrow Hill is set in a spooky Cornwall full of creepy ruins and folklore.
- The Lost Crown: A Ghost-Hunting Adventure is apparently set in the fictional East Anglian village of Saxton.
- Averted in Scratches, which is located in Northumberland, but imported its curse-lore from the Darkest Africa trope and Madwoman in the Attic.
- Eternal Darkness features three main locations which harbor a dark, old secret pertaining to the awakening of the Eldritch Abomination. The first is the site where Pious Augustus snags the artifact, which is later visited by an Aladdin type character seeking a jewel to win a woman's heart, a slave building a tower over the location, and a firefighter putting out Iraqi oil fires. The second is a temple in Cambodia which houses Eldritch Abomination #4, a dead, ancient god more powerful than the three primary ones of the story. The third is a cathedral in France, which is at the center of a plot to assassinate Charlemagne and is later used as a WWI hospital where they feed the wounded to the Eldritch Abomination in the basement. Yeah, full of this.
- Judging from Gregory's implied proclivities and the uselessness of the police, Rule of Rose is set here, in some undefined part of the English countryside in the 1930s.
- The All-Gods Village in Fatal Frame 2.
- A good chunk of Britain in The Consuming Shadow seems to be this.
- Quite a few episodes The Last Door has you exploring large, rundown estates around the English and Scottish countryside. There is even an episode set in Victorian London, taking full advantage of stuff like the city's labyrinthine slum and foggy streets to build an effectively creepy atmosphere.