Literature / A Study in Emerald

http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/ngasiecvr4x6sol084019_375x500.png
A Study in Emerald is a Hugo Award-winning short story by Neil Gaiman, essentially an Intercontinuity Crossover between Sherlock Holmes and the works of H.P. Lovecraft. Originally it was published in Shadows Over Baker Street (2003), an entire anthology of Sherlock Holmes pastiches set in the backdrop of Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos. Three years later in was republished in Fragile Things, an anthology of short stories and poems by Gaiman.

Written in the style of a classic Holmes pastiche, this story, roughly following the plot of the first Holmes novel A Study in Scarlet, finds a British soldier is invalided home after being injured in a war in Afghanistan. Through a mutual acquaintance he becomes flatmates with a brilliant if unorthodox consulting detective. One day they called by Inspector Lestrade to assist with the investigate the gruesome murder of a member of the Royal Family. A member who is both far more and far less than human...

Can be read here for free, in nifty newsprint format in the style of an old Victorian Penny Dreadful. Which we highly recommend you do before proceeding to the trope list, which contains spoilers.

And also just because it's awesome.

Dark Horse Comics will release a graphic novel adaptation of the story on June 27, 2018.


This work provides examples of:

  • Adaptational Heroism / Adaptational Villainy: Subverted in an interesting way. In this universe, Moriarty and Moran are the detectives while Holmes and Watson are the criminal masterminds, but the former are working (semi-unwittingly) for the cosmic horrors ruling the Earth while the latter are freedom fighters working to free humanity. So, despite all the changes, Holmes and Watson are still ultimately the heroes saving people from Moriarty and Moran.
  • Alien Blood: Hence why it's a study in emerald.
  • The All-Concealing "I": The protagonists aren't referred to by name, so we're led to believe they're Holmes and Watson... until the real Holmes and Watson show up.
  • Allohistorical Allusion: In addition to the references to the Sherlock Holmes and Lovecraft mythos, there are a few nods to actual history. In particular, the ending hints that at the Russian Revolution has erupted.
  • Alternate History: It's revealed in the first few paragraphs that Eldritch Abominations exist and are accepted fact in this version of Victorian Britain, and that's just the beginning.
  • Anti-Hero: Rache, the real Sherlock Holmes and killer of royalty, is a Pragmatic Hero.
  • Asshole Victim: The Bohemian prince turns out to be one. According to Holmes, he was actually a Serial Killer and rapist who abused his position to drive women insane and drain their lifeforce. Holmes and Watson lured him into a trap by claiming they had kidnapped a woman for him.
  • Badass Bookworm: Rache, the real Sherlock Holmes.
  • Badass Normal: Holmes and Watson managed to kill a human/Old One hybrid with mundane weaponry.
  • Bad Dreams: The narrator warns his potential apartmentmate that he screams sometimes at night.
  • Bad Moon Rising: The narrator mentions in passing that the moon is now red, and has been for centuries. People are used to it now.
  • Big Good: The Old Ones, in the eyes of most of humanity.
  • Bread, Eggs, Milk, Squick: Our protagonists go to see a theatre troupe perform three one-act plays: a wacky Mistaken Identity comedy, a tragic melodrama about a sweet starving waif who sells violets, and a historical epic about the day the Old Ones awoke and conquered humanity. And the audience is equally charmed by all three.
  • Brown Note
  • Continuity Nod:
    • The name Sherry Vernet is a nod to a minor line from the Holmes story "The Adventure of the Greek Interpreter." In it, Holmes was said to be a distant relative of the painter Claude Vernet, and Sherringford was Holmes's first name in Arthur Conan Doyle's early drafts.
    • The Sigerson alias was also used as such by Holmes in the period between the events of "The Final Problem" and "The Adventure Of The Empty House".
    • "John (or perhaps James) Watson" is a reference to Arthur Conan Doyle's notorious failure to keep Watson's first name straight. Call it a miscontinuity nod.
    • Likewise, there's a similar nod to the text's disagreement about where on his body Watson was injured in Afghanistan. A Study in Scarlet placed it on his leg, later stories said his shoulder. In A Study In Emerald Moran, i.e., the "fake" Watson, was wounded in his shoulder, while the real Watson was wounded in his leg.
      • Moran refers to Watson as "The Limping Doctor" until Holmes and Watson's names are revealed at the end.
    • In Holmes' letter, he refers to the book "Dynamics of an Asteroid", which was a book written by Moriarty, mentioned in "The Valley of Fear."
    • The detective muses that when a doctor who turns to crime always ranks among both the most brilliant and the most heinous of villains. In the original canon, Sherlock Holmes makes this observation about Dr. Roylott in "The Adventure of the Speckled Band". In this universe, it's Dr. Watson.
  • Cosmic Horror Story: But of course.
  • Crack Fic: And a glorious one it is.
  • Dark World: A parody version. An alternate 19-century Earth ruled by the Great Old Ones; it is implied that all sorts of Victorian horrors and abominations coexist peacefully with humans: Spring-heeled Jack owns a shoe store, Dr. Jekyll sells a medicine which allows to "release the inner you", etc.
  • Deadly Doctor:
    Indeed. I hate to say this, but it is my experience that when a doctor goes to the bad, he is a fouler and darker creature than the worst cut-throat.
    • Subverted, in that the average reader is quite likely to agree with the killer, Dr. Watson, that his actions were right and necessary.
    • This is also either a Continuity Nod or Mythology Gag, in that the line is originally used to describe Dr. Roylott in "The Adventure of the Speckled Band'': "When a doctor does go wrong he is the first of criminals. He has nerve and he has knowledge."
  • Deliberate Values Dissonance: Tentacled horrors running the place? The natural order of things. To do it otherwise would just be silly.
    • The narrator refers to the "savages" of Afghanistan (both human and Eldritch Abomination) who are unwilling to see the reasonableness of being ruled by their betters in London or even Moscow.
  • Did We Just Have Tea with Cthulhu?: Early in the story, the protagonists are briefed by the Queen who, while oddly voiced, speaks English and talks lucidly, and is nice enough to heal the narrator's injury. She seems decent enough if you ignore the strong implication (probably certainty) that she and her relatives like to Mind Rape people every once in a while and will probably wipe out humanity pretty soon.
  • Did You Just Punch Out Cthulhu?: Two men manage to knife to death a Bohemian prince, a sort of Old One half-breed.
  • Did You Just Romance Cthulhu?: Victoria is not the same same species as Prince Albert in this universe.
  • Eldritch Abomination: The Great Ones, naturally, including Queen Victoria, the Black One of Egypt, the Ancient Goat and the Czar Unanswerable.
  • Expy: The Great Old Ones all have different names (or possibly titles). Ancient Goat, Parent to a Thousand is Lovecraft's Shub-Niggurath, Mother of a Thousand Young. The Black One of Egypt is Nyarlathotep, the Czar Unanswerable is Hastur, and so on.
  • Foreshadowing: There are a lot of clues about the two main characters being actually Moriary and Moran:
    • When they meet for the first time, they both mentions some things the other might find annoying the violin not being mentioned can be a clue that the other men is not Holmes (although the violin was only mentioned since Watson had issues with strong noises, while here the narrator is the one screaming at night), and the narrator not mentioning a dog is a clue that he's not Watson.
    • The narrator remarks more than once how he used to be a good shot. Watson wasn't bad, but wasn't that good. Moran, however, was known to be a marksman.
    • We also see the consulting detective much harsher and more judgemental than in canon appearances, while the narrator isn't. Another clue that the detective isn't Holmes, and the different attitude doesn't come merely from the darker atmosphere.
    • In the final letter, it's remarked how "Henry Camberley" was apparently a smoker, and yet had a brand-new pipe and no tobacco. While the pipe wasn't that present in canon stories, Holmes did have one, and smoked from his first story. Moriarty, on the other hand, was never associated with smoking.
    • The most outrageous, however, is while talking with Sherry Vernet, when they go by the aliases of "Henry Camberley" and "mister Sebastian". The latter isn't a made-up name, the narrator’s name actually is Sebastian.
  • God Save Us from the Queen!: Queen Victoria. Not that one. She's called Victoria because she conquered Europe centuries ago.
  • Grievous Harm with a Body: "The hero beat the priest to death with his own crucifer".
  • Half-Human Hybrid: Royalty is the product of intercourse between humans and Old Ones, producing something with green blood and a large number of limbs.
  • Hero Antagonist: The killer is the real Sherlock Holmes.
  • Hot Skitty-on-Wailord Action: Victoria's consort is quite human, while she towers over them.
  • In Spite of a Nail: In the end, despite everything that's changed, Holmes and Watson are still heroes battling Moriarty and Moran to save the day. The only real difference is that Moriarty and Moran think they're the good guys.
  • Lovecraft Lite
  • Medical Monarch: Queen Victoria is able to ease the narrator's constant pain from a wound he received from an Eldritch Abomination in Afghanistan. Of course, she's probably related to it.
  • Names to Run Away from Really Fast: All plays on the titles of Lovecraft characters. The Czar Unanswerable (The Unnameable), the Black One of Egypt (Nyarlathotep), The Ancient Goat, Parent to a Thousand, Emperor of All China (Shub'Niggurath).
    • They manage to turn The Queen Victoria Gloriana into this by what it means. "She was called Victoria, because she had beaten us in battle 700 years ago. She was called Gloriana because she was glorious, and She was called The Queen because the human mouth was not shaped to pronounce her real name."
  • Noble Top Enforcer: Lestrade, the detective, the narrator and Prince Albert all seem like decent people.
  • Nuke 'em: Offhand comments in the letter from Sherlock Holmes at the end indicate that he is working on the theory of relativity. Given that he's made killing Physical Gods and Eldritch Abominations his life's work, there's really only one reason why he would.
  • Obliviously Evil: The protagonists and Lestrade.
  • Perspective Flip: Kind of. Moriarty and Moran are the "good guys" and Holmes and Watson are the antagonists. However, while the reader probably ends up seeing the latter as still being heroic, Moriarty and Moran actually are well-intentioned in this setting despite their allegiance to Eldritch Abominations.
  • Religion of Evil: The Old Ones effectively force humanity to worship them and are violently hateful of any religion not dedicated to them.
  • Right Under Their Noses: The letter at the end declares that the killer and his accomplice are going on the run, causing Inspector Lestrade and his men to start stopping all trains and boats leaving the country. The detective, for his part, suspects that the two are actually going to hide in a notorious crime-ridden area merely a few streets away where the police won't bother to look. Because, if the roles were reversed, that's what he'd do.
  • Royally Screwed Up: Played for kind of dark humor in that the Queen's relatives seem to be the usual debauched and reckless sort that the human Victoria had (and probably many/most monarchs have), but it's taken Up to Eleven, given what they are.
  • Serial Numbers Filed Off (In-Universe): The plays they see concerning the mistaken identity between identical twins and the girl who sells violets are, respectively, Shakespeare's The Comedy of Errors (with a bit of Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest mixed in) and The Little Match Girl by Hans Christian Andersen with a few details changed.
    • The latter of which makes perfect sense, seeing as the "hero" of the third play gained his status by beating a Christian priest to death with a crucifix. The Great Old Ones are not in the slightest friendly to the old religions.
  • Shell-Shocked Veteran: The narrator mentions that he often has flashbacks to his time in the military and that he frequently screams in his sleep. Given that his tour of duty ended with an encounter with an Eldritch Abomination, it's not hard to figure out why.
  • Sherlock Scan: Mostly played straight with the Great Detective, but subverted/parodied in the scene where he recognizes that the murder victim is a member of the German royal family... by the number of his limbs and the green shade of his blood.
    • And in that case, while he's being snarky to Lestrade, he can recognize that the hybrid features are specifically from whatever eldritch horrors rule Germany.
  • Shout-Out: With the exception of the first one, which introduces a theater troupe that will feature in the plot, each of the advertisements between chapters.
  • Spell My Name with a Blank: The story is signed S_______ M____ Major (Ret'd). Plus, the narrator says he's from the "____th Regiment" of the army.
  • Staring Down Cthulhu: The consulting detective, when he meets Victoria, doesn't seem at all intimidated.
  • That's What I Would Do: The detective tells the narrator that he figured out how the murderers got away based on the fact that he would have done the same thing. An early moment of foreshadowing that, in an Alternate Universe, he is the villain.
  • Title Drop: In the description of the crime scene.
  • Tomato Surprise: The protagonist is not Dr. Watson, and his companion is not Sherlock Holmes. They are actually Moran and Moriarty.
  • Twice-Told Tale: The ending can be hard to follow unless you're relatively familiar with the Sherlock Holmes canon. (The story doesn't require a similarly close knowledge of the Cthulhu mythos, but it doesn't hurt.)
  • The Watson: Well, it's a Sherlock Holmes pastiche, after all.
  • Weird Moon: It's bright red thanks to the Old Ones.
  • Worthy Opponent: The Great Detective and his equally clever antagonist take this attitude toward each other.
  • Writing Around Trademarks: The narrator refers to the detective as "my friend." This sort of thing is common in professionally published pastiches, and the legal status of the Holmes characters is turbulent. It's actually because the narrator and his friend are NOT Watson and Holmes.


http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Literature/AStudyInEmerald