"The last man on Earth sat alone in a room. There was a knock on the door."Horror is a Genre of fiction that exploits the Primal Fears of viewers with things ranging from the Uncanny Valley, Body Horror, and Dramatic Irony AKA Suspense to cause the viewer anxiety, fear, and ultimately thrills. It uses various Horror Tropes to cause these effects; however, partly due to the rise in complexity of Special Effects, overuse, and viewer desensitization, several of these are now cliché. This is a very broad genre, it can go from tasteful and timeless tales of psychological suspense (a trademark of people like Alfred Hitchcock) to gross out horror (which tends to become campy). It often employs the supernatural, but "normal" people are more than sufficient to scare audiences when used properly. Subgenres of horror include:
— The world's shortest horror story
- Cosmic Horror: Paints a picture of human insignificance dwarfed by a cold, uncaring universe which will never even notice how casually it destroys us.
- Gothic Horror: Is the oldest subgenre of horror.
- Psychological Horror: Uses in-depth explorations of human mental anguish to horrify.
- Religious Horror: Uses the unknowns and symbolism of organized religion, including tales of the apocalypse, Satan, The Antichrist, and cults, to scare viewers, and desecrates what is considered comforting and holy in order to shock them.
- Sci-Fi Horror: The purpose of this genre is to use horror to show how scientific knowledge can be used for evil ends, how cutting edge research can go horribly wrong, how crippling a lack of knowledge can be, or if you want to be campy how people get the bejeezus scared out of them in the future.
- Splatter Horror: Horror that uses the fragility of the human body to scare. Currently The Scrappy of the horror genre, due to its association with Gorn, Torture Porn, and carbon-copy Slasher Movies in recent decades.
- Survival Horror: Plays on fears of nature, re-casting its human protagonists as prey and victim of creatures or forces more numerous and powerful than they are. The central focus is on stripping away the protections of the modern, "civilized" world, leaving the protagonists at the mercy of some natural or pseudo-natural force like disease, the undead, barbarian hordes, inbred hillbillies, aliens, wild animals, etc.
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Anime and Manga Film Literature
- Almost anything by Stephen King
- The Taking, and a few other things by Dean Koontz.
- House of Leaves
- Almost anything by H.P. Lovecraft, except many of his Dreamlands-stories, some which contain little to no horror elements.
- The King in Yellow
- The works of Graham Masterton, especially The Manitou and others, including Death Trance.
Literature Live Action TV
- A favourite genre for Doctor Who, especially associated with Tom Baker's early-to-mid tenure (see "The Brain of Morbius", "Pyramids of Mars", "Horror of Fang Rock" and "Image of the Fendahl" for just the more obvious ones), though some show up earlier and later than that - see the Second Doctor's "The Evil of the Daleks" and the late Fourth Doctor "State of Decay".
- The short story Jerry's Kids Meet Wormboy by David J. Schow in the book Zombies: Encounters With The Hungry Dead. The intro to the story even calls it the "literary equivalent of Peter Jackson's Dead Alive."
- Various Works by Edward Lee.
- 5ive Girls
- The Alphabet Killer combines suspense with conventional horror, as the protagonist is visited by the ghosts of the eponymous killer's victims.
- The Birds
- Carnival of Souls
- The Devil's Backbone
- The Facts in the Case of Mister Hollow
- The Healing
- The Orphanage
- The Last Winter
- The Wicker Man (1973), also a Religious Horror film
- The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari
- The Blair Witch Project
- The Mothman Prophecies
- Many things by Stephen King
- The Doctor Who stories "The Edge of Destruction", "The Tenth Planet", and "Cold War". In fact, most serials that come under the subgenre Fan Nicknamed "Base Under Siege" (like "The Ice Warriors" and "Fury From the Deep" for just a couple of examples).
- Deadnaut uses this type of horror on the player's end, cramming them into a small operating booth with nothing to occupy their ears other than muffled gunfire and the occasional distant scream.
Anime and Manga Film
- Evil Dead
- Night, Dawn, and Day of the Dead (1985)
- Resident Evil
- HEAVY emphasis on the 1 there, movie-wise.
- The Thing (1982)
- The Fly (Both original and remake. Especially the remake.)
- Troll 2, although it's more enjoyable as a comedy
- Colin , although the protagonist is not actually a survivor
- Hansel and Gretel (2013)
- The Doctor Who episode "Midnight".