"A certain administration which I won't call by name took the arts out of the schools, and that left the brothers out on the street with nothing, so they went to the turntables and started rhyming. Then they had a way to express themselves, and that's the birth of hip-hop."
Isaac Hayes

Old school hip hop comprised four ingredients — graffiti, DJ-ing, MC-ing, and beat boxing (Breakdancing is another staple, but not within the context of hip hop music, just hip hop culture). Nowadays, it is often viewed as "another name for rap".

Note that there are many different scenes, subgenres, and cultures within hip hop besides gangsta rap. Even gangsta rap has several sub-forms like Horrorcore, and Mafioso rap. Unfortunately, they rarely receive anywhere near the attention in other media (or anywhere near the record sales).

Sub-genres include:

Tropes covered within Hip Hop & the industry itself:

  • Abusive Parents
  • Anvilicious/Some Anvils Need to Be Dropped
  • Angry Black Man
  • Big Apple Sauce
  • Black Sheep Hit
  • Boastful Rap
  • Broken Base: And how! Read the entry for details.
  • Comics Rule Everything Around Me
  • Confirmation Bias / Don't Shoot the Message: A lot of people, casual listeners and purists alike, tend to love or hate hip hop (and its subgenres) based on its messages, imagery, and other factors more so than the actual music itself.
  • Controversy-Proof Image: Exceptions being Ice-T's cop killer controversy, which for all intents and purposes ruined his mainstream career as a rappernote  and Nelly, due to the tip drill controversy. Possibly Public Enemy as well thanks to Professor Grif's comments about Jews.
  • Cool Car: Exotic cars , low-riders and modded car culture in general has always been a huge part of hip-hop culture.
  • Cool People Rebel Against Authority: A good chunk of hip-hop's music image is this.
  • Conspiracy Theorist: A lot of Political Rappers veer into this.
  • Crapsack World
  • Darker and Edgier: Arguably the Golden Age era, even the alternative movement.
    • The genre as a whole has gone through this: compare the clean-cut Fresh Prince with Lil Wayne.
      • Of course there's no agreement on whether or not this generation is darker, as some have the exact OPPOSITE opinion.
  • Deader Than Disco/Genre-Killer: Censorship, Executive Meddling, Lighter and Softer, and Misaimed Marketing of Hip-Hop is what arguably killed the Gangsta Rap, Hardcore Hip Hop, Conscious Hip Hop, Alternative Rap, and Political Rap sub-genres in the mainstream. Specific reasons are;
    • Stronger radio and video censorship towards Hardcore Hip Hop, Gangsta Rap, and Political Rap. MTV even refused to play a certain Public Enemy video because of a political statement. This become an extreme wall banger when you realized how the sexually explicit videos were rarely if ever banned, but violence and political statements were apparently where they drew the line.
      • Some even say West Coast hip-hop specifically was blacklisted because of the East Coast/West Coast rivalries, and because of this it never recovered. Then there was the death of 2pac and the collapse of Death Row Records and its rival Ruthless Records thanks to Executive Meddling (according to Bone Thugs-n-Harmony). After that West Coast rap in general, gangsta or otherwise, was persona non grata.
      • There was a BET memo that said they wouldn't play Political Rap because it's too intelligent for its audiences.
    • Conscious Hip Hop, likely due to the Afrocentric overtones not being broadly appealing. The beginning of the end was probably when the mainstream ignored Digable Planets's more Afrocentric album Blowout Comb, and Arrested Development's follow up album Zingalamaduni.
    • Alternative Rap was killed due to the same reasons as Conscious Hip Hop, exceptions being that it has a mainstream-friendly package like The Black Eyed Peas and Kanye West.
    • Alternatively the above genres just weren't popular enough outside of hip-hop's core audience. So basically Money, Dear Boy...
  • Deep South: Quite a few rappers are from Atlanta and other Southern areas.
  • Distaff Counterpart: R&B music is this the Hip Hop/Rap. It's very rare for a urban radio station to play Hip Hop and not also play R&B. And much like Rap is a male dominated genre, R&B is female dominated. Record labels often feature upcoming R&B acts on established Rap artist singles since the genres share overlapping target demographics.
  • Domestic Abuse: There's a lot of songs covering the issue.
  • Enemies Equals Greatness: A lot of rap songs are all over this trope, especially songs from the Glam Rap and Swag Rap sub-genres. Just about every rapper loves to talk about their "haters" in their lyrics.
  • Executive Meddling: Especially after it became profitable.
  • Fandom Rivalry: Whoo boy!...
  • Follow the Leader: Oh yes, also a huge cause of Hip-Hop beef and Fandom Rivalry
  • For the Evulz: The lyrics to Horrorcore Rap, and some forms of hardcore hip-hop and gangsta rap.
  • Freestyle Version: Extremely frequent in the culture.
  • Genre Turning Point: Circa 1988, where hip hop broke into the mainstream, and the beginning of the Golden Age.
  • Gun Porn: A feature of the Gangsta Rap subgenre - discussing guns, and on rare occasions showing them off in music videos.
  • Hotter and Sexier: Specifically the music videos around the turn of the century. Which ironically makes the old 2 Live Crew videos tame by today's standards..
  • "I Am" Song
  • Inherent in the System: Some rap songs cover this.
  • Intercourse with You: This is dirty rap's very fundament, although songs about sex from artist who don't fall into that determinate subgenre are not unheard of.
  • It's Popular, Now It Sucks: Hip hop is often overlooked by music fans because of its immense popularity. The low quality of its mainstream artists doesn't help at all.
    • This largely depends on who you ask. Often if you ask somebody if they like rap music, whether they say yes or no, it's hard to tell whether they know if you are referring to mainstream "glam rap" or underground hip hop, the latter of which is generally what most music enthusiasts consider when they think of "rap".
  • Justified Criminal
  • Lighter and Softer: Current form of hop-hop is accused of this. Not just for specific artists but the genre as a whole, according to some.
  • List Song
  • Malcolm Xerox: A none Strawman version.
  • Magazine Decay: Some feel this way about hip-hop magazines, And not just The Source either.
  • Mean Character, Nice Actor: A lot of rappers/hip-hop artists have incredibly mean, hateful, rude, arrogant/narcissistic lyrics, but are actually quite kind people in real life.
  • Mob War
  • Motor Mouth: Fairly common in the genre as a whole, especially among Midwestern artists (Bone Thugs-n-Harmony and Twista were the first major mainstream proponents of the "chopper" style, which emphasizes extremely fast and precise deliveries with no pauses and sharply enunciated words that tend to blur together). Eminem and Tech N9ne are the most famous purveyors of the style.
  • Murder Ballad
  • Murder Simulators: Rap music has been a popular scapegoat for almost 20 years. The media frenzy died down around the mid 90's, then in '99, Eminem made his debut and the controversy went right back into full swing. People often blame it (and video games) for teens' insensitivity to violence and for promoting stereotypes about women.
  • Music Is Politics: Discussed and invoked.
  • N-Word Privileges: Many black rappers use the word "nigga" constantly, White and Asian rappers do not. Hispanic rappers, oddly enough, do use the word however.
    • Though some white rappers either challenged this concept, or were caught using it in the past much to their embarrassment. White rapper Lil Wyte has used it numerous times in his songs and White/Asian rapper V-Nasty mistakenly thought she had these privileges in her earlier songs and faced a huge backlash over it, much to her embarrassment (though she still continues to use it to this day). While Iggy Azalea hasn't used the word herself in any of her songs, she's used the word in public saying that "it's OK because black people do it". In general though, most non-black (or hispanic) rappers won't touch this word with a ten-foot pole.
  • Pop-Culture Isolation: The genre at its core is mostly known by urban audiences
  • Protest Song: The genre produced a wide variety of these during the 90's. The biggest one arguably is " Fight The Power" by Public Enemy.
  • Public Medium Ignorance: Sometimes almost to a racist degree.
  • Rape as Drama: There have been rap songs talking about rape.
  • Sassy Black Woman: Some female emcees, and songs discussing said sassy women.
  • Screwed by the Network: See Deader Than Disco above.
  • Screw the Rules, I Have Money!: Rappers some time talks about bypassing rules due to having lots of money.
  • Shaking the Rump: Commonly done by women in a lot of rap videos, most especially if the song is about that particular body part.
  • Singer Namedrop: Almost every rap song has one.
  • Soapbox Sadie: Conscious hip-hop, and political rap.
  • Token Minority: Female and/or non-black rappers, at least in North America. In countries where Africans are non-existent or a tiny minority, the majority of rappers will be whatever is most prevalent.
    • Interestingly enough for most of The '90s female emcees was quite common. So much so that arguably they wouldn't count as a Token Minority. But after the turn of the millennium all that changed. This has been brought up in a lot of Hip-Hop mags and blogs.
      • Female rap does seem to be entering something of a renaissance as of the early 2010s, though.
    • In Australia, talents like Diafrix, 1/6 and N'fa (who worked with Heath Ledger, believe it or not) head the very small number of African-Australian emcees. Indigenous hip-hop is another significant minority subculture.
  • Villain Protagonist: The viewpoint adopted in several songs.
  • Voice of the Resistance: Some see the genre as this, or is capable of being this.
  • A Wild Rapper Appears!: Crossovers with other genres have been around from the start, but have been growing in popularity since the 2000's.
  • Wolverine Publicity: Rappers tend to promote themselves by guest-starring in other artists' songs.

Alternative Title(s): Rap