"Mama I aint going to school today wearing these same old clothes, Do you remember the look in her eye when she made you a meal and you didn't eat it, and all them tears she shed beside your bed over things that you needed, I still remember the way that I felt when I picked up a gun, I still remember the tears that I shed when my cousin was blasted with one, Do you remember the way that you felt when you walked out of prison, Or do you remember the pain that you felt from them sending you back for no reason"
Ah, Gangsta Rap: probably one of the most controversial genres of music to ever hit the mainstream. A lot of Moral Guardians
accused the genre (and Hip-Hop in general) of homophobia, and misogyny, while others saw the sub genre as a form of catharsis
, and just pure entertainment.
The term Gangsta Rap actually came from the media not the artists themselves, though some have called the genre "Reality Rap", or prime time news
in the form of rap music. The genre even has shades of Conscious Hip Hop
, and Political Rap
(at least in the beginning when the first wave of the genre was quasi-sociopolitical, this is rarely if ever brought up by the genre's detractors). There's also a lot of issues with mislabeling. Quite a few rappers who didn't fall into the Alt rap, or indie scene were automatically placed under the umbrella term Gangsta rap. Usually cynically and unfairly. There's also debate going on about whether the genre is still alive and well in the mainstream, or is it deader than a horse
. Some proponents feels that it died a long time ago, while opponents (usually alt/indie rap fans) think a watered down version is still very much active, and continuing the Uncle Tom Foolery
, and the dumbing down of the genre.
Gangsta rap tends to appear in four flavors:
- Blue Collar: The more down-to-earth, blue collar type. Usually raps about Real Life struggles, problems and horrors of their gang, poverty, and crime ridden inner city neighborhood in a realistic way.. Topics generally fall in the Justified Criminal territory. Could also have urban morality tales, with socio-economic and political undertones. Sometimes told from an observer point of view. Is also usually anti-establishment and anti-authoritarian.
- Commercial: The more commercial type, basically a polished, pseudo-hardcore, toned down version of Blue Collar and Hardcore. Keep in mind they still wanna sell records. Usually Overlaps with Glam Rap, and some music critics call this form Post Gangsta.
- Hardcore: The darker, unapologetic, exaggerated, no-holds-barred, hardcore, drug pushing, psycho gangsta rap, sometimes bordering on Horrorcore. A Flanderization of Blue Collar in many cases. When Moral Guardians are talking about the immorality of the Gangsta Rap genre, this is usually the type they have in mind.
- Mafioso: Mafioso rap, gangsta rap which is more akin to romanticized mafioso films and organized crime, than typical gang violence.
See Trap Music
where gangsta is stripped to the bare essentials of just a good beat and gangsta cliches.
, which is when you take gangsta rap and add gory lyrics akin to Death Metal
An interesting point is that now that the genre's been around for twenty years, many of the rappers who were making hard-hitting Blue Collar albums have softened as they got into their 30s and 40s
, and their projects have led to some serious Rated G for Gangsta
(kiddie movies, Ice Cube? Kiddie movies
?). There are, however, exceptions (Tech N9ne
, for example).
- No Limit Records- The record label had artists that ran the gamut of all four types. Mostly Blue Collar and Hardcore though.
- Master P himself was Blue Collar, Mafioso and Hardcore until he had a kid, then slid into Commercial, and eventually Glam Rap (along with the company). Some blamed this on the success of the more polished Cashmoney Records and that No-Limit was trying to copy them.
- Papoose: Blue Collar and Hardcore
- Snoop Dogg: Blue Collar and Commercial.
- Above The Law: Blue Collar.
- Jay-Z: Mafioso in the beginning, but then delved into Commercial with shades of Blue Collar during the late-90's. In the early-2000's, he more-or-less moved away from Gangsta Rap in favor of traditional Glam Rap but briefly returned to it six years later on his concept album, American Gangster, where his style is Blue Collar and eventually a disillusioned version of Commercial.
- Notorious B.I.G: Commercial, Hardcore, and Mafioso.
- Schoolly D: One of the pioneers of the genre. Ice-T credits his song "P.S.K. (What The Hell Does That Mean") as the first Gangsta Rap song.
- Kool G Rap and DJ Polo: Blue Collar.
- Kool G Rap on his own was pretty much the precursor for many of Mafioso gangsta rappers like AZ and Raekwon. Check his 1995 solo debut album "4, 5, 6", then the 1998 follow-up quasi-concept album "Roots Of Evil". Still an active artist, his rhymes now incorporate elements of Blue Collar, Hardcore, and Mafioso with Blue Collar being the most predominant.
- KRS-One: Blue Collar and Hardcore.
- Dead Prez: Blue Collar mixed with political rap.
- Ice Cube: Blue Collar.
- Ice-T: Blue Collar and Hardcore.
- Three 6 Mafia: Firmly in Hardcore early on. Later works lean towards Commercial.
- Compton's Most Wanted: Blue Collar.
- MC Ren: Blue Collar and Hardcore.
- Dr Dre: Blue Collar and Commercial.
- Geto Boys: Blue Collar and Hardcore.
- Scarface is purely Blue Collar nowadays, although he ventured into Hardcore early on (especially with his debut, Mr. Scarface Is Back).
- Gravediggaz: Hardcore.
- Nas is Blue Collar, although his second album is more Mafioso.
- Clipse: Has elements of Blue Collar, Commercial, and Mafioso.
- MF Grimm: Blue Collar most of the time with a little bit of Hardcore. Mostly found in his concept album about a gangster gingerbread man.
- Top Authority: Blue Collar.
- Mobb Deep: Primarily Hardcore and Mafioso, with occasional touches of Commercial.
- The Notorious BIG: Blue Collar and Mafioso.
- Project Born: Blue Collar and Hardcore.
- Psychopathic Rydas: Blue Collar.
- Dizzee Rascal: A rudeboy take on Blue Collar. Some of his Boastful Rap tracks are Commercial.
- Wu-Tang Clan: Blue Collar mixed with a good portion of Hardcore.
- Spice-1: Blue Collar and Hardcore.
- Woodie: Blue Collar and Hardcore.
- X-Raided: Hardcore.
- Remy Ma: Hardcore.
- Slick Rick: Hovers between Blue Collar and Commercial, though he's largely Blue Collar, as most of his songs tend to be fairly realistic.