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Anime and Manga
- Agumon and his digivolutions from Digimon, who are all dinosaur-like, orange-coloured, fire-breathing digimons who tend to become more dragons-like in later forms.
- Agunimon, who was vaguely a humoinoid Agumon warrior from the fourth season's, attack was even called Burning Salamander in the original version. Almost all Digimon related to the Agu/Greymon lines are this trope.
- Shoutmon and his evolutions are depicted as fiery despite being sound-themed. The sounds are converted into flames. And then there's him being Hot-Blooded.
- Berserk: the elemental fire spirits on Isidro's blade are shaped like salamanders. They are actually even referred as such, and the weapon itself is called "Salamander Dagger".
- Fullmetal Alchemist: Roy Mustang, aka "the Flame Alchemist", has a small salamander depicted on the back of his glove. It's part of the alchemical formula that allows him to Play With Fire.
- Fairy Tail: Natsu Dragneel's In Universe Nickname is "Salamander" for his fire powers.
- In The Familiar of Zero, Kirche's familiar is Flame, a fire-breathing salamander the size of a large dog.
- In Sword Art Online, the successor to the eponymous game, ALfheim Online, has a multitude of races, with the "Salamander" race being particularly adept with fire magic.
- The 1970s Superfriends tie-in comic book featured a team of four elemental superheroes; the fire-powered member was called Salamander, and got his powers because he was possessed by a mythological salamander.
- Queen Aquana from Swordquest: Waterworld commands a giant sea serpent that can breathe fire.
- Some salamanders show up in Harry Potter, enjoying the roaring blaze they're in. The tie-in book Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them explains that they can survive out of fire for six hours if regularly fed pepper.
- On the Discworld, Salamanders are creatures that absorb sunlight and store it in a special organ, then release it in a bright burst to scare predators. They've thus been adopted for use as flashbulbs in photography.
- In The Obsidian Trilogy, these and other elemental creatures sometimes make brief appearances when casting spells with High Magick. The High Mages teach that they're illusory, but an exiled High Mage discovers they're real, and can be negotiated with.
- In Fahrenheit 451, the fireman are emblemized by a salamander, to go with their purpose of starting fires.
- A prominent location in the Redwall series features the Mountain of Fire Lizards named Salamandastron. There are actually neither dragons nor salamanders there, but the Badger Lords of the mountain encourage the myth.
- The title character of the Honor Harrington series bears "Salamander" as an In Universe Nickname. In her case the name comes from her always being in the most destructive, plot-relevant battles; or rather for "always being where the fires burn hottest."
- In the first Xanth book, Bink is transformed into a flame-throwing salamander so he can completely incinerate a swarm of teleporting wiggles, worms that create holes by teleporting short distances and telefragging everything they contact with.
- In the Narnia book The Silver Chair, the freed gnomes tell the protagonists about their underground homeland Bism, which features friendly and talkative fire lizards that live in the lava rivers. As the gnomes leap down into the abyss leading to Bism, the heroes hear a voice urging the gnomes to hurry, which they wonder if it was a fire lizard.
- A Fantasy Attraction has a small salamander being tossed around by a wyvern flock.
- In the fifteenth novel of The Dresden Files, Skin Game, one of the three gates protecting Hades' vault is the Gate of Fire which is a hallway filled with fire hot enough to incinerate all but the most powerful of fire mages. The room is also home to a salamander capable of breathing fire of its own.
- The Lythande stories which cross over with Elizabeth Waters' character Eirthe Candlemaker include salamanders as Elemental Embodiments of fire, including Alnath, who hangs out on Eirthe's wrist and seems to like Lythande. Some of the salamanders live in candles or fireplaces.
Live Action Television
Mythology and Religion
- Satan sometimes is portrayed as a snake or a dragon. Since fire often is associated with Hell...
- The Seraphim, of all people. Some abrahamic despictions of the Angels distinctly despict them as dragon/serpent-like (their name is a corruption of "sarap", "fiery", more often than not connected with the word "nahash", "serpent") and associated with Fire.
- The KISS (Bally) pinball table shows two snakes (with tiny green wings) leaping out of a mushroom cloud while breathing fire.
- Warhammer 40,000: Salamanders feature heavily in the mythology of the Salamanders Chapter of Space Marines, which has a big fire/forging image. They are large lizards, some of which can breathe fire, and aspiring recruits must defeat them in combat. The chapter itself makes heavy use of weapons like flame-throwers and meltaguns.
- Older versions of Dungeons & Dragons have several exemples:
- The salamander is a lizard-like humanoid from the Elemental Plane of Fire that prefers to live in temperatures of 500 degrees or more.
- The Fire Lizard is a large (30 feet long) lizard that is immune to fire and can breathe out a large (15 feet long) puff of fire from its mouth.
- Fire Newts are reptilian humanoids (similar to Lizard Men) that can breathe fire up to five feet away.
- Role Aids supplement Monsters of Myth and Legend III. The Egyptian deity Apophis could take the form of either a giant snake with a human head or a huge crocodile. Twenty times per day he could breath out a 120 degree wide 75 foot long cone of fire that did 10-60 Hit Points of damage.
- Deities and Demigods Cyclopedia Egyptian mythos.
- The deity Apep has the form of a giant snake. Once every two minutes he could breathe out a 100 foot long by 40 foot wide cone of flame that does 6-60 Hit Points of damage.
- The Flame Snake appeared to be a small harmless grass snake, but five times per day it could breathe out a burst of fire 30 feet long that inflicted 15 Hit Points of damage.
- Shadowrun has Salamanders, magical beings who look like a ball of fire with flames dancing around it. No one is sure what their motivations are or if they even are sapient, but rumor has it that some humans can seal a pact with them.
- Magic: The Gathering has a couple of creature cards that share the type of salamander, like Scalding Salamander, Pyric Salamander and Flowstone Salamander. They all belong to the red color type most strongly connected to fire and have rather similar offensive abilities. There are also other fiery lizard type creatures, like Lava Runner and Bellows Lizard.
- The Fire-type Charmander (which references this trope in its name) and its evolutions are clearly reptiles, based on the mythological Salamander for the first two states and a dragon for the final state.
- Salandit, another Fire-type, is a lizard-like Pokémon with a pattern on its tail that resembles lava and generates flames when Salandit attacks, in addition to the Pokemon's name referencing this trope.
- In The Legend of Zelda series, Death Mountain is filled with fire-resistant, fire-breathing lizards called Dodongo. Other reptilian creatures, especially dragons, have been known to breathe fire.
- In War Craft III, Salamanders are gigantic, fire-breathing, stegosaur-like lizards that live underground.
- Golden Sun: The first game's salamanders are small, dragonlike lizards. The sequel adds the Avimander boss and the Palette Swap enemies Macetail and Bombmander, which are bigger, stockier, and have a morningstar-like tail.
- In the old game Empire of the Overmind, it was possible to summon a small fiery salamander to provide light with the command "Call Pyro".
- The Fallout series has Fire Geckos, giant Geckos that breathe fire. They appear in Fallout 2 and Fallout: New Vegas.
- Dungeon Keeper 2 has Salamanders who can breath fire and walk over lava without taking damage.
- In the Castlevania games, a flaming salamander is a boss in a few games, and in Castlevania: Circle of the Moon, it's the fire elemental card in the "DSS" system.
- In AdventureQuest, the salamander is a fire-breathing creature the size of a horse.
- The Nebulous Criminal Conspiracy calling themselves "Salamandra" in The Witcher is led by a mage specializing in fire magic, and many of their other mages specialize in fiery magic, too, probably giving the organization its name.
- In The Battle of Olympus, the player gains protection from enemies' fireballs by collecting salamander skins and paying a weaponsmith to wrap his wooden shield in them.
- World of Mana features Salamander as the elemental spirit of fire who grants the player fire magic in each game.
- The Legend of Dragoon's Random Encounters in Volcano Villude contain a four-legged, fire-breathing monster simple called Salamander, but it looks more like a bull dog than anything else.
- Kirby's Epic Yarn has a common Salamander enemy appearing in Dino Jungle that can turn into a ball of fire.
- Skies of Arcadia: Salamanders are common in the Temple of Pyrnn.
- In La-Mulana, the Tower of Ruin has salamanders that can float around as flames.
- In Chrono Cross, Salamander is the stronger of the two red elemental summons. He's apparently the Red Dragon's pet.
- In Age of Wonders, a Salamander is a third-tier unit in the Lizardmen's roster. It's a strong melee unit that unlike the rest of the army, is not aquatic. In-game description states that the primitive, water-dwelling Lizardmen see the occasional fire-attuned hatchling with fear and awe.
- The Lord of the Rings Online has fire-breathing salamanders living on the shores of Lake Evendim.
- Agnaktor from Monster Hunter is a giant, magma-spewing lizard/crocodilian.
- In Gunnerkrigg Court, when Antimony helps a boy in Good Hope Hospital pass on, the fire that killed him and his family is represented by a salamander until Antimony realises what happened.
- Heartcore features Carval Jarvoc and his predecessor Volaster, both Salamander demons. They specialize in a unique form of Blood Magic: their dark flammable blood can be used to create powerful explosives, ranging from bombs as powerful as dynamite to Fantastic Nukes.
- French king Francis I had salamanders as his personal emblem. The creature was portrayed as a wingless dragon breathing fire.
- The British military used the Alvis Salamander as an off-road fire truck and airport crash tender.
- Not in a literal sense, but there really is a species of salamander simply known as fire salamander. While it has no mystical fire power, it is poisonous.