Montenegro (Montenegrin: Crna Gora / Црна Гора, meaning "Black Mountain" — the English name is itself a Venetian Italian translation) is one of the world's newest independent states after an independence referendum in 2006 led to the breakup from Serbia with 55,5% being for it (the requirement set by EU was 55% to recognize it as an independent country). During the most of it's history, the people of Crna Gora considered themselves Serbian. In the 19th century it became a small Balkan monarchy and after World War II, it became a member state of Tito's Yugoslavia. The capital city is Podgorica. The country is a candidate for The European Union, with negotiations opening in 2012. Montenegro has also unilaterally adopted the Euro as its currency. It is also a candidate member of NATO even though the the majority of people are strongly against if public opinion polls are to be believed. The national stereotype of Montenegrins is that they are extremely lazy, hence the joke: "How does Montenegro build a highway? They build two miles and then put up a sign saying "'etc etc etc'"."
Montenegro's appearances in fiction:
- Casino Royale (2006), although the filming of Montenegrin scenes took place in the Czech Republic.
- The Brothers Bloom
- The November Man
- Fictional detective Nero Wolfe hails from here, although he is mainly based in New York. He does come back once in the aptly named The Black Mountain to catch the murderer of his best friend.
- Jay Gatsby received a medal from King Nicholas I (Montenegro was still an independent monarchy back then).
The Montenegrin flag
The flag derived from the royal standards of the country (the golden border is a modern addition). At the center is the national coat-of-arms — a two-headed golden Byzantine eagle holding a scepter and orb (symbolizing the union of State and Church, respectively) supporting a shield showing a lion on a blue-and-green field, symbolizing the Montenegrin theocracy that ruled for three-and-a-half centuries until its subjugation by the Austrian Empire.