[[caption-width-right:242: Daughter of Elysium]]
->''"Whatever else may divide us, Europe is our common home; a common fate has linked us through the centuries, and it continues to link us today."''

Useful Notes on the birthplace of Western civilization, with many famous artists, philosophers, scientists and their inventions originating from Europe, the origin of Democracy being Europe, many of the world's strongest and most famous empires starting and ending in Europe, and European culture, influence and language spreading to most of the world's other continents, particularly English, French and Spanish. Europe is also home to many famous historical landmarks like the Eiffel Tower, Big Ben, the Leaning Tower of Pisa, etc. Because of this, learning about Europe will also help you understand most of the rest of the world along with it.

Note that some of the states mentioned below are usually considered European for cultural rather than geographical reasons, like Georgia, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan (near the border between continents, but technically Asian) or Cyprus and Armenia (geographically entirely Asian), while the "Europeanness" of Russia and Turkey has been disputed for centuries (and in any case, both have the majority of their territory in Asia). Many of the countries in the regions below also tend to overlap with the other regions (For example, Spain and Portugal can be considered part of both Southern and Western Europe, Ireland and the United Kingdom part of both Northern and Western Europe, etc.), too, so be aware of that.

In fact, the idea of Europe as a continent is more of a historical holdover than anything that can be objectively justified. There is no continental divide between Europe and Asia, (hence "Eurasian tectonic plate") and some even regard Europe as an Asian subcontinent with delusions of grandeur. Because of this, the exact definition of "Europe" has fluctuated wildly over time - for example, ''TheIronMan'' includes the line "all the countries of Europe can fit easily into Australia", which may confuse many modern readers unless they know that, to Ted Hughes, "Europe" stopped at the UsefulNotes/IronCurtain. Areas whose "Europeanness" are open to debate include the [[UsefulNotes/WithEuropeButNotOfIt British Isles]], Scandinavia, Cyprus, Turkey, Russia west of the Urals, the Caucasus, etc. etc...

For the list of tropes related to Europe and Europeans, see the EuropeIndex.

The name "Europe" is derived from the name of the [[Myth/ClassicalMythology mythical]] [[DoubleStandardRapeDivineOnMortal rape victim]] Europa. Don't ask.

If you're looking for the Swedish rock band, click [[Music/{{Europe}} here]] or in the "Music" link up there.

!Countries (Note: EU member states marked with an asterisk (*), Eurozone members marked with a Euro sign (), non-Eurozone Euro users marked with a Euro sign and exclamation point (!)):
!!Western Europe
* UsefulNotes/{{Austria}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Vienna
* UsefulNotes/{{Belgium}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Brussels
* UsefulNotes/{{France}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Paris
* UsefulNotes/{{Germany}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Berlin
* UsefulNotes/{{Liechtenstein}}
->'''Capital''': Vaduz
->'''Largest City''': Schaan
* UsefulNotes/{{Luxembourg}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Luxembourg
* UsefulNotes/{{Monaco}} !
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Monaco
* UsefulNotes/TheNetherlands *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Amsterdam
* UsefulNotes/{{Switzerland}}
->'''Capital''': Bern
->'''Largest City''': Zurich

!!Southern Europe
* UsefulNotes/{{Albania}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Tirana
* UsefulNotes/{{Andorra}} !
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Andorra La Vella
* UsefulNotes/{{Bosnia}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Sarajevo
* UsefulNotes/{{Croatia}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Zagreb
* UsefulNotes/{{Cyprus}} * (Geographically a part of Western Asia, culturally a part of Europe)
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Nicosia
* UsefulNotes/{{Greece}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Athens
* UsefulNotes/{{Italy}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Rome
* UsefulNotes/{{Macedonia}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Skopje
* UsefulNotes/{{Malta}} *
->'''Capital''': Valletta
->'''Largest City''': Birkirkara
* UsefulNotes/{{Montenegro}} !
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Podgorica
* UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Lisbon
** UsefulNotes/{{Azores}}
* UsefulNotes/SanMarino !
->'''Capitol''': San Marino
->'''Largest City''': Dogana
* UsefulNotes/{{Serbia}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Belgrade
* UsefulNotes/{{Slovenia}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Ljubljana
* UsefulNotes/{{Spain}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Madrid
* UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}} (Transcontinental)
->'''Capital''': Ankara
->'''Largest City''': UsefulNotes/{{Istanbul}}
* UsefulNotes/VaticanCity !
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Vatican City

!!Northern Europe
* UsefulNotes/{{Denmark}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Copenhagen
* UsefulNotes/{{Estonia}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Tallinn
* UsefulNotes/{{Finland}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Helsinki
** UsefulNotes/AlandIslands *
* UsefulNotes/{{Iceland}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Reykjavik
* UsefulNotes/{{Ireland}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Dublin
* UsefulNotes/{{Latvia}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Riga
* UsefulNotes/{{Lithuania}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Vilnius
* UsefulNotes/{{Norway}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': UsefulNotes/{{Oslo}}
** UsefulNotes/{{Jan Mayen}}
** UsefulNotes/{{Svalbard}}
* UsefulNotes/{{Sweden}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Stockholm
* [[UsefulNotes/{{Britain}} United Kingdom]] *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': London
** UsefulNotes/{{Scotland}}
*** UsefulNotes/{{Wales}}
** UsefulNotes/NorthernIreland

!!Eastern Europe
* UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}} (Geographically a part of Western Asia, culturally a part of both Europe and Western Asia)
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Yerevan
* UsefulNotes/{{Azerbaijan}} (Transcontinental)
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Baku
* UsefulNotes/{{Belarus}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Minsk
* UsefulNotes/{{Bulgaria}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Sofia
* [[UsefulNotes/TheCzechRepublic Czech Republic]] *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Prague
* UsefulNotes/{{Georgia}} (Transcontinental)
->'''Capital and Largest City''': T'bilisi
* UsefulNotes/{{Hungary}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Budapest
* UsefulNotes/{{Kazakhstan}} (Transcontinental)
->'''Capital''': Astana
->'''Largest City''': Almaty
* UsefulNotes/{{Moldova}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Chisinau
* UsefulNotes/{{Poland}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Warsaw
* UsefulNotes/{{Romania}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Bucharest
* UsefulNotes/{{Russia}} (Transcontinental)
->'''Capital and Largest City''': UsefulNotes/{{Moscow}}
* UsefulNotes/{{Slovakia}} *
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Bratislava
* UsefulNotes/{{Ukraine}}
->'''Capital''': Kiev
->'''Largest City''': Kharkiv

!!Other entities:
* UsefulNotes/{{Abkhazia}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Sukhumi
* UsefulNotes/{{Kosovo}} !
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Pristina
* UsefulNotes/NagornoKarabakh
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Stepanakert
* UsefulNotes/{{North Cyprus}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': North Nicosia
* UsefulNotes/{{South Ossetia}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Tskhinvali
* UsefulNotes/{{Transnistria}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Tiraspol

* UsefulNotes/{{Akrotiri and Dhekelia}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Episkopi Cantonment
* UsefulNotes/FaroeIslands
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Torshavn
* UsefulNotes/{{Gibraltar}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Gibraltar
* UsefulNotes/{{Guernsey}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': St. Peter Port
* UsefulNotes/{{Isle of Man}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Douglas
* UsefulNotes/{{Jersey}}
->'''Capital and Largest City''': Saint Helier

!Defunct Countries, Empires, States and other entities
* UsefulNotes/ByzantineEmpire
* UsefulNotes/EastGermany
* [[UsefulNotes/TheSoundOfMartialMusic Habsburg Empire]]
* UsefulNotes/HanseaticLeague
* UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire
* UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany
* UsefulNotes/ThePapalStates
* UsefulNotes/PolishLithuanianCommonwealth
* UsefulNotes/{{Prussia}}
* [[UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (or Soviet Union, or just USSR)]]
* UsefulNotes/{{Yugoslavia}}

!Useful Notes and Other Articles Related to Europeans and European Culture
!!Europe in General
* UsefulNotes/AngloSaxons
* UsefulNotes/BattleOfLepanto
* UsefulNotes/{{Castles}}
* UsefulNotes/TheCrimeanWar
* UsefulNotes/TheCrusades
* UsefulNotes/EuroFooty
** EuropeanChampionship
** UsefulNotes/UEFAChampionsLeague
* UsefulNotes/TheEuropeanUnion
* UsefulNotes/EuropeanSwordsmanship
* Series/EurovisionSongContest
* UsefulNotes/{{ESA}}
* ForcesWithFirepower
** UsefulNotes/ArmosWithArmor (UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}})
** UsefulNotes/BelarusiansWithBTRs (UsefulNotes/{{Belarus}})
** UsefulNotes/BelgiansWithBrigades (UsefulNotes/{{Belgium}})
** UsefulNotes/TheBiteOfDracula (UsefulNotes/{{Romania}})
** UsefulNotes/BohemiansWithBombers (UsefulNotes/CzechRepublic)
** UsefulNotes/BritsWithBattleships (UsefulNotes/{{Britain}})
*** UsefulNotes/UltimateDefenceOfTheRealm
** UsefulNotes/DanesWithDrakens (UsefulNotes/{{Denmark}})
** UsefulNotes/DutchmenWithDestroyers (UsefulNotes/TheNetherlands)
** UsefulNotes/FinnsWithFearsomeForests (UsefulNotes/{{Finland}})
** UsefulNotes/GaulsWithGrenades (UsefulNotes/{{France}})
*** UsefulNotes/TheUltimateResistance
** UsefulNotes/GeorgiansWithDragunovs (UsefulNotes/{{Georgia}})
** UsefulNotes/TheGloryThatWasRome (UsefulNotes/TheRomanEmpire)
** UsefulNotes/MagyarsWithMountedArchers (UsefulNotes/{{Hungary}})
** UsefulNotes/NazisWithGnarlyWeapons (UsefulNotes/NaziGermany)
** UsefulNotes/NeutralAustriansWithNoNavy (UsefulNotes/{{Austria}})
** UsefulNotes/NewRomanLegions (UsefulNotes/{{Italy}})
** UsefulNotes/NewSpanishArmada (UsefulNotes/{{Spain}})
** UsefulNotes/NorwegiansWithNoAmmo (UsefulNotes/{{Norway}})
** UsefulNotes/OssisWithOsas (UsefulNotes/EastGermany)
** UsefulNotes/PaddiesWithPropellerPlanes (UsefulNotes/{{Ireland}})
** UsefulNotes/PolesWithPoleaxes (UsefulNotes/{{Poland}})
** UsefulNotes/PortugueseMenOfWar (UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}})
** UsefulNotes/PrussiansInPickelhauben (UsefulNotes/{{Prussia}})
** UsefulNotes/RussiansWithRifles (TsaristRussia)
** UsefulNotes/RedsWithRockets (SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn)
** UsefulNotes/RussiansWithRustingRockets (UsefulNotes/{{Russia}})
*** UsefulNotes/FromRussiaWithNukes
** UsefulNotes/TheSoundOfMartialMusic (Habsburg Imperial Forces)
** UsefulNotes/ThisIsHellas (UsefulNotes/{{Greece}})
** UsefulNotes/SlovaksWithSappers (UsefulNotes/{{Slovakia}})
** UsefulNotes/SwedesWithCoolPlanes (UsefulNotes/{{Sweden}})
** UsefulNotes/SwissWithArmyKnives (UsefulNotes/{{Switzerland}})
** UsefulNotes/TurksWithTroops (UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}})
** UsefulNotes/UkrainiansWithDepletedUranium (UsefulNotes/{{Ukraine}})
** UsefulNotes/WeAreNotTheWehrmacht (UsefulNotes/WestGermany / Modern UsefulNotes/{{Germany}})
* UsefulNotes/FrancoPrussianWar
* UsefulNotes/TheGreatNorthernWar
* UsefulNotes/HoleInFlag
* UsefulNotes/TheHundredYearsWar
* UsefulNotes/LatinLanguage
** UsefulNotes/LatinPronunciationGuide
* UsefulNotes/TheNapoleonicWars
* UsefulNotes/{{NATO}} (Organization founded by the US and some European countries)
* UsefulNotes/OrthodoxChristianity
* UsefulNotes/ThePope (most Popes were European - particularly Italian, French or Greek; he also lives in Rome)
* UsefulNotes/RevolutionsOf1848
* UsefulNotes/{{Romani}}
* UsefulNotes/SevenYearsWar
* UsefulNotes/StandardEuropeanPoliticalLandscape
* UsefulNotes/ThirtyYearsWar
* UsefulNotes/TheTrojanWar
* UsefulNotes/WarOfTheAustrianSuccession
* UsefulNotes/WarOfTheSpanishSuccession
* UsefulNotes/WarsawPact (the former counterpart of NATO)

!!Western Europe
''See UsefulNotes/{{France}} and UsefulNotes/{{Germany}} for everything solely related to those countries''
* UsefulNotes/AustroPrussianWar
* UsefulNotes/TheEightyYearsWar
* UsefulNotes/{{Pillarisation}}
* UsefulNotes/SiegeOfVienna

!!Southern Europe
''See UsefulNotes/{{Italy}} and UsefulNotes/{{Spain}} for everything solely related to those countries''
* UsefulNotes/ByzantineEmpire
* Myth/ClassicalMythology
* UsefulNotes/TheFallOfConstantinople
* TheKnightsHospitallers
* Myth/LusitanianMythology
* UsefulNotes/PortugueseLanguage
* UsefulNotes/TheRomanRepublic
** UsefulNotes/PunicWars
* UsefulNotes/TheRomanEmpire
* UsefulNotes/YouthHostelPlakias
* UsefulNotes/TheYugoslavWars

!!Eastern Europe
''See UsefulNotes/{{Russia}} for everything solely related to Russia''
* {{Cossacks}} (most of them were Russians, but there were also Ukrainian Cossacks)
* UsefulNotes/CyrillicAlphabet
* UsefulNotes/PolishSovietWar
* Myth/SlavicMythology

!!Northern Europe
''See UsefulNotes/{{Ireland}} and [[UsefulNotes/{{Britain}} United Kingdom]] for everything solely related to those countries''
* UsefulNotes/BritainVersusTheUK (noteworthy)
* Myth/CelticMythology
* UsefulNotes/HistoryOfEnglish
* Myth/NorseMythology
* UsefulNotes/NorwegianLanguageStruggle
* UsefulNotes/NorwegianConstituentAssembly
* UsefulNotes/NotableSwedishMonarchs
* UsefulNotes/WithEuropeButNotOfIt (noteworthy)