Among a Power Trio
of the "two Foils + balance" variety, one of the most common subtropes has the three characters have psychological positions based on the Freudian
idea of the Id, the Ego and the Superego.
defined the human psyche as consisting of three parts:
- the Id, which represented emotional and instinctual desires;
- the Superego, which represented the logical and intellectual reasoning (or rules and social conventions, which is how Freud actually used the term);
- the Ego, which reconciled the Id and Superego.
Likewise, the Freudian Trio
consists of three characters: one who acts emotionally and instinctively
, one who acts with cold, passionless logic
and one who reconciles the two conflicting ideals
Sometimes the Id/Superego dynamics play out with just two characters
, but in those cases the representatives of opposing sides must learn to negotiate with each other. In a Power Trio
, they are free to be more extreme, and it falls to The Kirk
to lay the smack down
and keep the group integrated. The leader of a Freudian Trio
may not necessarily be The Kirk
but often is. The second most likely to be the leader is The McCoy
, the most passionate and caring one. It might be that The Hero
is the emotional id
, his lancer
is the practical ego
and The Smart Guy
Basically if The Leader
is the superego he'll be the Mastermind; if the ego, most likely the Levelheaded; and if he's id, most likely the Headstrong. Each can be the Charismatic as this type leads by example.
A Comic Trio
uses the same ingredients, but the leader is crazy, the action one is stupid, and the thinking one is powerless. Depending on the fandom
and its tendency for shipping
, a Freudian Trio may easily become a One True Threesome
. Compare also Good Angel, Bad Angel
if you see the "Shoulder Devil" as the Id, the "Shoulder Angel" as the Superego and the person whose shoulders they stand on as the Ego.
The Evil Duo
is a Foil
to this arrangement consisting of two villains who show how the Trio fails to function without one of the members. The most common form is with one Id villain and one Superego villain, but an Id/Ego pair or even an Ego\Superego pair is not unheard of.
Can overlap with Four-Temperament Ensemble
: choleric and sanguine are both impetuous enough to be Id; melancholic and sometimes phlegmatic can be Superego, for being a good moral voice. Phlegmatic, its blend with sanguine, and eclectic are all reconciliatory enough to be Ego.
For a more in-depth look at Freud's
theories, check out UsefulNotes.Id Superego And Ego