"A man like me cannot live without a hobby-horse, a consuming passion—in Schiller's words a tyrant. I have found my tyrant, and in his service I know no limits. My tyrant is psychology. It has always been my distant, beckoning goal and now since I have hit upon the neuroses, it has come so much the nearer."
"Flawed as it may be, Freudís is still a coherent and intellectually satisfying view of the mind. You canít have a meaningful science of the brain without having a meaningful science of the mind."
— Eric Kandel
(1856-1939) was an Austrian neurologist
who is credited by many as the Father of Single Issue Psychology
. He is well known for the psychoanalytical method (which pretty much defined Hollywood Psych
and to an extent modern day psychotherapy), his study of the Unconscious Mind and the mechanism of repression, while contributing to the popularization of the idea that childhood experiences shape the individual. He is, however, most infamous
for his overemphasis on the sex drive
and the Oedipus Complex
. Some of Freud's early stuff, which was basically drawn from his treatment of patients suffering from hysteria, suggested that you could cure people's psychological trauma by delving into their memories
. Unfortunately, he got too dogmatic with it, and between his more dogmatic followers and those who only bothered to read his early writings, this trope got well-lodged into the zeitgeist and has been extensively mined ever since.
Unlike some noted men of his era, Freud left a veritable gaggle of descendants and relations. The most notable were probably his daughter Anna Freud, a famous psychologist in her own right who greatly expanded upon his original theories, his grandson Lucian Freud, regarded as one of the greatest British painters of the 20th Century, also his American double-nephewnote
Edward Bernays, who invented modern public relations and the American bacon-and-eggs breakfast based on his uncle's ideas. Some of Freud's relatives could not emigrate from Austria and perished in the concentration camps.
Also see Carl Jung
, Freud's one-time apprentice/main competition.
Sigmund Freud is portrayed in the following media: