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Common Knowledge
In TV, there are some things that everyone knows. Well, sorta. As it turns out, people as a whole know less than they think they do. Casual viewers of a series will often come away with their fair share of mistakes. Such fallacies are often used by real true fans as a yardstick of the difference between themselves and the masses.

All the same, these notions can be so firmly entrenched in the public zeitgeist that they can force their way into adaptations, much to the annoyance of the aforementioned real true fans.

Named for a Saturday Night Live game show sketch in which the questions were selected by experts reflecting things all high school seniors should know, and the answers were selected from a survey of high school seniors (that is, they were wrong).

Subtropes are Title Confusion, I Am Not Shazam, and Beam Me Up, Scotty!. May result from or lead to Lost in Imitation, or from any of the subtropes under Time Marches On. When left unchecked, it can lead to Cowboy Bebop at His Computer, Analogy Backfire and Never Live It Down. See also Reality Is Unrealistic, The Coconut Effect, Dead Unicorn Trope, and Everybody Knows That. No relation to Lost Common Knowledge.


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  • Space Runaway Ideon's famous ending where it "blows up the universe" never happened. Granted it killed all of humanity (both Terrans and Buff Clan), destroyed hundreds of planets, spawned thousand of meteors that blew up the Earth, destroyed Saturn's rings, and took out much the Milky Way Galaxy, but the rest of the universe is just fine. This was largely a piece of Memetic Mutation as "Ideon blows up the universe" sounds a lot funnier.
    • In the other movie, it is stated by one of the Buff Clan protagonists such. This can be dismissed as hyperbolic enthusiasm, however.
  • The main twist of Haruhi Suzumiya manages to be this and All There Is to Know About "The Crying Game" at the same time. Namely all the people that specifically think/say "Haruhi is God", when all the audience or any of the characters in the story know is that she's some sort of Reality Warper, and being "God" is just one theory which is stated to not be particularly likely. In fact it's Koizumi who makes the God claim, and we know that a lot of what he says is a lie. He also says that he's working under that assumption mostly because it's the worst-case scenario.
    • Many of the comments left on videos of the anime, both on YouTube and Crunchyroll, state that the original broadcast order is the only way to properly enjoy the series and that those who are watching the episodes in chronological order are missing out, implying that the directors of the anime chose to broadcast the first season in anachronic order in order to be artsy. In reality, this is not the case. Those making this claim are unaware of the novels which existed first, which do not have anything significantly out of order.note  Obviously, the original fans who were only familiar with the light novels did not have the experienced "ruined" for them. The actual reason for the anime's strange order is because of how the industry works— the studio demanded at least a Twelve Episode Anime (and when the anime-only episode and "The Adventures of Mikuru Asahina" are included, they wound up with fourteen) and the first novel only has enough material for six episodes. Standard practice when adapting light novels is therefore to adapt the first two, but the second novel's ending doesn't compare at all to the ending of the first, and so would have resulted in an anticlimax. Skipping it and adapting the third novel would have been even worse, because of the third novel consisting of a bunch of disconnected stories, and so would be the equivalent of having the second half of the season be nothing but filler. And of course, they couldn't skip straight to the fourth novel because those stories from the third are necessary to understand the plot. Therefore, the only way that the series could be animated without massive Adaptation Explanation Extrication, anticlimax, or hours of padding was to disperse the later stories amongst the first arc. It wasn't done for the art at all.
  • Pokémon:
    • Many fans believe that in the infamous banned episode that caused seizures, Porygon was the culprit, when it was actually Pikachu who was in the scene that caused the seizures. For the record, the scene runs as follows: Everybody is escaping on Porygon's back when some anti-virus missiles (launched by Joy earlier in the episode) start to home in on them. Pikachu jumps out and destroys the missiles, causing the flashes which caused the seizures.
    • Each region has 8 gyms, and you need every gym badge to get to the Pokémon League, right? Except in the first season, it doesn't work that way. In Kanto at least, the actual number of gyms is much higher and always increasing, you just only need 8 of their badges to pass. The show displays this when Gary shows up in Viridian City to battle against Mewtwo. At the time, he had ten badges from the Kanto region, and wanted another. For that matter, you do not need to earn the badges in any specific order in the anime (or some of the games), contrary to popular belief, and Gyms aren't ranked by "level" or any such nonsense - in fact, multiple characters other than Ash have display their badges, and at times they have various badges Ash also obtained, yet display them in their Badge Case a completely different order to him (most line them up in the order they get them).
  • Yu-Gi-Oh!:
    • Many people like to complain about how the Duelist Kingdom arc don't follow the rules, either; that's because at that time, the game was a Plot Tumor that basically had no rules to follow, and needed to be made up wholesale (there's even an obscure version of the game made by Bandai that follows a much different set of rules than the OCG/TCG). In fact, Pegasus even states that "there would be new rule changes" at the beginning of the arc, meaning we don't know exactly how the rules prior to that arc was any different. That being said, the anime didn't start following the OCG/TCG rules until the Battle City arc, when Kaiba instated them, and the rules weren't fully solidified until GX. That being said, a lot of the crazy things that happen in that arc do have some merit in regards to the game; for instance, the "field power bonus" correlates to the real game's concept of a Field Spell, and the former Trope Namer of "New Rules as the Plot Demands'' could've actually worked in the real game, given the effect of Catapult Turtle and the progress of the duel (and the obscenely low LP the players start out with, at the time).
    • The Shadow Realm. It is not a place of eternal torment, or an analog to death, and there is actually a place called "the Shadow Realm" in the Japanese anime; it's actually a pocket dimension created around the players of a Shadow Game to enforce the rules of the game and prevent outsiders from interfering, or the players from leaving the game until there is a winner.
  • According to most people, Shana of Shakugan no Shana and Louise of Zero no Tsukaima are equals personality wise. Except they're not, at all. Shana starts rather rough but becomes nicer, less tsundere and more Defrosting Ice Queen (this is technically the original definition of a tsundere, but that's neither here nor there). At points she's more of a Type 2 tsundere, but in general she veers towards nice. In the other hand, Louise is a Type 1 tsundere through and through, and a rather harsh one at that (But she has her sweet moments too, mind). Yet despite the obvious disparity, people will treat them as the same. In all fairness, this is more JC Staff's fault, who after the success of Shakugan no Shana decided to play Louise's physical similarities by giving her Shana's voice, despite being completely different kind of tsunderes, as said. It's even better when Nagi and Taiga are thrown on the mix: While Taiga is indeed a lot like Shana (Only not an Action Girl because her show isn't about fighting), Nagi is a regular Type 2 tsundere as well as a Gamer Chick and a Otaku Surrogate; once again, little to do with Shana and nothing to do with Louise. Yet still all four are treated as the exact same character, and all because they're all long-haired, flat-chested, have Zettai Ryouiki and share a voice actress!
    • It's gotten so entrenched in the minds of anime fans everywhere, that This Very Wiki has the Shana Clone trope just for this sort of thing.
  • In regards to the Digimon series many people will refer to fanfics that are supposed to be a sequel to 02 (or sometimes even Tamers) as "Digimon (Adventure) 03". While technically correct, it's not right for the reason people think it is: "02" in "Digimon Adventure 02" refers to the year in which the story takes place (2002; Adventure took place in 1999, three years before); thus "03" would actually be a story in 2003.
  • Ranma ˝. The fact that Ranma and Genma disdain weaponry is common knowledge. In fact, Ranma is shown to be expert with staff, spear, nunchaku and there are some official publicity pieces by Takahashi showing him performing routines with a Jian (the Chinese sword of nobility).
  • In Naruto it is common knowledge that the Mist village, during its "Bloody Mist" days at least, had a policy of exterminating bloodline users, and that Madara was the Man Behind the Man in this village and orchestrated these genocides because he deemed them inferior to the Uchiha bloodline. Neither of these things are true- bloodline users were persecuted, yes, but by ordinary people in the Water country and elsewhere, not by the Hidden Mist village (which is only part of the Land of Water as its ninja village); and the idea that Madara has a problem with non-Uchiha users is based on a popular fan theory, due to his Motive Rant to Sasuke where he blames the Senju clan for persecuting and betraying the Uchiha clan, even though it was largely his fault, and tells Sasuke about how superior the Uchiha were. Fans put two and two together and assumed he was an Uchiha supremacist, even though much of his rant was mixed in with Blatant Lies and was transparantly designed to mess with Sasuke's mind. Haku's mother was killed by his father, and Kimmimaro's clan was killed by the Mist only when they attacked it, which they only did because they were a clan of Stupid Evil Blood Knights. Madara has never shown a flicker of hatred for bloodlines in general and the Mist, being a Hidden Ninja Village, most probably had a policy of collecting them- the current Mizukage is actually a user herself (twice over). This one is quite egrarious as even a lot of Real True Fans actually believe this. The fact that Tobi is not really Madara at all and only allowed people to think he was for a time does not help this.
    • Iwa is claimed to hate Minato and will kill anytime even related to him despite the fact that he's dead. It's usually the reason why Naruto's parentage is hidden. The Fourth Hokage has never even been mentioned by any Iwa Shinobi. What Iwa had was a "flee on sight" order regarding Minato during the last Shinobi War (when Iwa and Konoha were on opposing sides), because Minato was too powerful for any of them to stand a chance against, with the possible exception of the Tsuchikage. This doesn't indicate any grudge against him, just a tactical judgement that it's never wise to fight the One-Man Army on his own terms.
    • Kurenai has been claimed to have been in Hinata's life since she was a child. However multiple (anime-only) flashbacks say otherwise.
    • Naruto doesn't take place in the past, but in a Retro Universe. They have modern technologies like cellphones and video games but lack automobiles and guns.
  • In Mobile Suit Gundam SEED Destiny, the Nazca carrying the Neutron Stampede is commonly assumed to be called the ''Marie Curie''. Except that it's not; no name is given in-series, and the origin of the name is from a fanfic called Birds of a Feather.
  • It is common knowledge that Kagura from Fruits Basket is Yandere toward Kyo, constantly beating him whenever she's around him. In canon though it's treated more like a Split Personality. She has no recollection of doing this and it developed due to rather realistic causes.
  • People saying that Black★Rock Shooter is a Vocaloid or that her design is based on Hatsune Miku (or even that she's a dark version of Hatsune Miku herself). Miku sang the song, but Black★Rock Shooter is not a Vocaloid and has nothing to do with them.
  • Everyone knows that Edward from Fullmetal Alchemist is an atheist.. Except he's not, especially in the 2003 version. He's an agnostic theist. Edward makes several references that heavily imply he believes in a God, he just doesn't show any interest in praising/worshipping it, seeing as it took away his limbs and little brother.
  • Everyone knows that Shinji from Neon Genesis Evangelion is a wuss that keeps whining and running away from his duty as an Eva pilot, when he’s actually more of a Cowardly Lion. He avoids his duties three times: near the beginning, after Misato assured him Rei would replace him and egged him on (and that was after he ignored orders to retreat, fighting the Angel like an angered beast and killing it); around the middle, when he was horrified by his father sanctioning the Dummy Plug in Unit 01, which lead to Touji almost being killed and losing a leg in the anime and actually being killed in the manga; and in End of Evangelion, when he was severely traumatised by Kaworu’s death. In the first two, he comes back on his own accord. He also complains fairly little about his situation and mostly just accepts his fate humbly, which causes Misato and (far more harshly) Asuka to berate him as an Extreme Doormat. In the famous final scene of the original airing, he manages to get a breakthrough in his ability to balance influence by other people and his own personality, and is applauded by Misato, Rei, Asuka, his friends, the other Nerv employees, Pen Pen, and his parents for this. However, this is a Double Subversion, as he admits in episode 25 of the original airing that he doesn’t run away because he has nowhere to run to.
  • Yamcha from Dragon Ball Z is known for being an utterly useless weakling who is constantly getting killed off. Actually, he only dies twice (the same number of times as Goku), was the first person to use a ki technique, and ends up saving everyone from Goku's Great Ape form in the original series. However, it is true that he has never won at the Tenka'Ichi Budoukai and he was the first to die in the battles with the Saiyans and the Androids (though he got better before actually dying in the latter case).
  • In case anyone needs it cleared up, Kasukabe is not the name of where any of the Lucky Star girls live, nor is Saitama. The former is only where their school is located, and the latter is the prefecture where the twins and Konata live. Tsukasa and Kagami live in Kuki, Konata lives in Satte, and Miyuki lives in Tokyo.

    Comic Books 
  • As far as most folks know, Spider-Man's chief superpower is his ability to shoot webs. Unfortunately, this is not among his super powers at all. Webshooting was instead the ability of a device Peter Parker had built for himself. Spider-Man's actual super powers are his ability to cling to walls, his "spider sense", and superhuman strength and agility, which all help leverage the usefulness of the device. It's only in the Spider-Man Trilogy movies that he gained the power to shoot webs naturally, although this did make its way to the comics, briefly.
  • Some mistake Wolverine's adamantium claws as his mutant power. His mutant power is actually a very powerful Healing Factor (as well as claws made of bone). All of his other "natural" powers (such as his heightened senses) stem from this. As with the rest of his skeleton the military grafted him adamantium claws to him specifically because he had the regeneration powers to survive the process.
    • This was actually highlighted in an episode of the cartoon when the X-Men were trapped on an island covered by a field that negated all mutant powers. Wolverine proceeded to extend his claws and snarl "Nothing mutant about these!"
    • It was invoked in his Civil War tie-in comic as well, when he's captured by S.H.I.E.L.D. and has power dampening cuffs on him. His healing factor was disabled, but his claws, even covered in adamantium, were just another body part he could use to escape.
    • It gets worse. Until Barry Smith wrote Weapon X, it was generally assumed (and described as such in early editions of the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe) that the claws were bionic, & implanted with the rest of the adamantium.
      • Until Magneto ripped the adamantium out of Wolverine (eventually it was restored), even Wolverine himself believed the claws were implants. Due to memory implants and induced amnesia, he knew nothing about his own life prior to the Weapon X program.
      • And in the early stories the claws were telescoping, and contained in his gloves!
    • Basically, the evolution of it is, first he had these claws. It was then decided that they should be in his body because then anyone could just wear the claw gloves and be Wolverine. Then, muuuuuuuuuuch later Magneto de-adamantium'd Wolverine, but The Powers That Be didn't want that to mean de-clawing him, so as a Retcon that's actually kind of an Ass Pull (as mentioned before, the claws' mechanical nature has been a plot point before.) the bone claws were suddenly always there. These days, it's a matter of Depending on the Writer of how the claws will be treated; claws working during a period of depowerment (but hurting like hell to use, immensely more so than usual) has been seen this side of the retcon. Long story short, you've got canon support no matter how you think of the claws.
  • Several casual X-Men fans complained about Rogue not having her flight and invulnerability powers in the movies. This is because the Superman powerset isn't rightfully Rogue's in the comics, either: Rogue semi-permanently stole those powers from Ms. Marvel off-panel prior to her first canon appearance (and has since lost and replaced them with Sunfire's before losing them again, permanently). It's also usually assumed that Rogue got the powers semi-permanently because she was trying to drain Carol Danvers to death with her power. This theory dates back to the first animated series and isn't backed up in the comics. When Rogue recounted the incident, she said that the bizarre origin of Ms. Marvel's powers was to blame, and the permanent transfer (as well as the theft of all of Ms. Marvel's memories and personality) was completely unintentional.
  • Once upon a time, this was uncommon knowledge, but nowadays, it's common knowledge that Batman, at the time of his creation in The Golden Age of Comic Books, was a much "darker" character than he became in the '50s and '60s. Which is true to a point, but it wasn't long at all before the character was made Lighter and Softer. As Eisner-nominated comics journalist and professional Batmanologist Chris Sims noted, "Sure, he might’ve fought vampires and carried a gun for like three issues, but by the end of that first year, it was pretty much all cat-wrestling and trips to Storybook Land."
  • Barry Allen snapped Professor Zoom's neck during his wedding to Fiona Webb, his second wife, not Iris West, who had died several years earlier. The confusion is somewhat understandable, because Zoom also disrupted Barry's first wedding day, albeit unsuccessfully.
  • While everyone thinks of Clark Kent changing into his Superman clothes in a Phone Booth, the truth is that he's hardly ever done so in the actual comics. He does, however, do so in the Superman Theatrical Cartoons, which, incidentally, was also where Superman first truly "flew" — prior to that, he could simply jump really, really high note  or really, really far..
  • Batman is so badass he can beat Superman any time! Except not.
    • Even the most oft-cited example, from the climax of Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, isn't nearly as straightforward as many Batman fans seem to think it is. While Batman did undeniably hold his own against Superman in that story, many people seem to forget that he cut the fight short by faking his death, essentially making the battle a draw. Also, Superman was still weakened from his losing the sun's rays for a while and being struck by lightning while in his weakened state. For that matter, before the battle began, Oliver Queen shot an arrow filled with Kryptonite at Supes, and Batman was wearing enhanced armor. These are the only circumstances in which Batman was able to even hold his own against Superman.
  • Wonder Woman didn't wear a skirt in her first story (All-Star Comics #8), she actually wore a pair of culottes—a style popular among athletic young women in the 1940s that resembles a skirt, but is actually a pair of loose-fitting shorts. And even those quickly evolved into tight shorts that lost the "skirt" look entirely. Nevertheless, whenever a modern artist wants to evoke a "Golden Age Wonder Woman" look, she's almost invariably drawn wearing a skirt.
  • Not only is there no superhero team called "The Watchmen" in Watchmen, the story isn't about a team of superheroes at all. The six characters in the core cast were part of a proposed team that never actually formed (they disbanded after just one introductory meeting), but they spend the bulk of the story as independent and/or retired superheroes who just happen to have some close personal relationships with each other. Rorschach and Nite Owl are the only main characters who ever teamed up to fight crime. The title is a reference to Who watches the watchmen?, a real-life quotation which became an in-universe graffiti meme after citizens became disillusioned with superheroes.
  • The first appearances of some comic characters can count as this. For example, ask a Venom fan what comic he first fully appeared in and they'll say "Amazing Spider-Man #300." Which is false. He actually fully appeared on the last page of #299 note . Likewise, all X-Men fans know Gambit first appeared in "Uncanny X-Men #266." Although chronologically this is correct, his true first appearance actually was in "Uncanny X-Men Annual 14," which, though taking place after the story from #266, was also released a month before said comic came out.
  • Over the years, many non-fans of the Green Lantern have gotten a good laugh from pointing out the apparent stupidity of a superhero having a weakness to the color yellow, believing that yellow is GL's Kryptonite Factor. Actually, none of the Green Lanterns have been harmed by the color yellow, their power rings were just originally said to be ineffective against yellow objects (the same way that Superman's x-ray vision can't see through lead) because of an impurity within the Corps' power battery. And even that part was recently retconned out: in the current comics, the power ring's ineffectiveness against yellow is said to be a rookie weakness that more experienced Lanterns can overcome.
  • Everyone knows that the "classic" lineup of the original Brotherhood of Mutants includes (among others) Quicksilver, Scarlet Witch, Mystique, Pyro, Sabretooth and Juggernaut. Actually, Quicksilver and Scarlet Witch were only members for a very brief period (which, admittedly, did include the Brotherhood's first appearance) before their Heel-Face Turn, Mystique and Pyro belonged to the second incarnation of the Brotherhood that was led by Mystique.
  • Everybody "knows" that The Incredible Hulk is a childish green-skinned ragehead who wears ripped shorts and has a three-year-old's grasp of English. While not wrong, this is actually just one of the Hulk's many incarnations. Depending on the occasion, he's also a scheming grey-skinned mobster who wears fine suits (his "Joe Fixit" persona), a brilliant scientist in a full-body spandex suit (his merged form, or "Professor Hulk"), or a cunning Barbarian Hero who wears armor into battle (his "Green Scar" persona). As Bruce Banner has Multiple Personality Disordernote , there is no singular "The Hulk"—they're all just aspects of his personality.
  • Despite being played by the very British Patrick Stewart in the X-Men movies, and being frequently portrayed with an exaggerated British accent in parodies and animated adaptations, Professor Charles Xavier is not British—he was born in New York City.
    • For that matter, the version of Xavier in the film series isn't exactly British either; X-Men: First Class establishes that he picked up a British accent at some point before he turned 12. His mother seems to be British, and his house was his presumably-American stepdad's. He may actually have spent all or some of his early childhood in England, but done most of his growing up in the US and never lost the accent. (The novelization says he picked it up at Oxford, but he has the accent at age 12. note )

  • It is more frequently than not supposed that Pinkie Pie appears in the My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic fanfic Cupcakes as "Pinkamena Diane Pie", her flat-haired, schizoid self from those disturbing scenes in "Party of One". This is simply not true. Not only is Pinkie her curly and cheerful self, but she cannot even be Pinkamena because Cupcakes was released before "Party of One" premiered, otherwise the early bronies wouldn't have been able to spot the "similarities" between the two upon the episode's premiere already.

  • Zombie Apocalypse movies in general. Everybody 'knows' that zombies eat brains. This only happened in one series of films, Return of the Living Dead. In every single non-parody portrayal of a Zombie Apocalypse, zombies merely want your flesh, not your brain.
  • Star Wars:
    • So so many. So much that what people think and the actual movie have little in common.
    • A New Hope: Darth Vader didn't use the Death Star to blow up Alderaan; Grand Moff Tarkin did. In fact, Tarkin outranks Vader through the filmnote , in spite of the fact that later films reveal him to be the apprentice of the Emperor.
    • On the subject of the First Death Star, it is almost a trope on its own that the Empire could build an amazing technological marvel, yet not protect it enough so that hitting a small exhaust port would blow it up. Robot Chicken and How I met Your Mother are just some examples where this is lampooned. However, in the film, they did protect it: it was ray shielded. And they realised their vulnerability quite quickly.
      • Moreover, the idea that such a powerful vessel could be destroyed by a such a small hit in one area is actually borne out by real life. Ships have weak spots where relatively small punishment can cause catastrophic destruction. Typically, this is any area near the powder magazines. British ships in both the World Wars often were destroyed after being hit in such weak spots. Remember, the Rebels had the Death Star plans and they went through them to find a weakness. That is actually a more unrealistic thing, since in real life such plans are highly secure for this reason and almost never are in complete form, meaning it is rare to have one copy containing the entire plans.
    • Many Bothans died getting plans for the second Death Star (in Return of the Jedi), not the first (in A New Hope). The Expanded Universe gives a number of conflicting sources for the first Death Star's plans.
    • People Rooting for the Empire say the Clone Troopers were Jedi slaves. While they were ordered by a Jedi, it was on behalf of the Republic, from whom both Troopers and Jedi take orders. The Republic led by Chancellor (and future Emperor) Palpatine, without whom there would never have been a war to need Clone Troopers or Jedi generals. Palpatine was commanding both the clone army and (secretly) the droid army that killed vast numbers of the Clone Troopers.
    • Many people also think that the Ewoks lived on the 'planet' Endor: they actually lived on a moon of Endor (which is itself called Endor on occasions, adding to the confusion).
      • It's the forest moon of Endor, orbiting the planet Endor, in the Endor system. Some stellar cartographer was really lazy with the names.
    • Non-Star Wars fans (who are usually only aware of the first film) assume any romance of Luke Skywalker is with Leia.
    • The Phantom Menace did not, despite the outcry of many fans, explain away the Force as "bacteria in the bloodstream". Qui-Gon specifically tells Anakin that midi-chlorians are just microorganisms that allow living things to communicate with the Force (all living things carry them, not just Jedi), and that measuring an individual's midi-chlorian count provides a convenient way to measure the strength of their Force abilities. The nature of the Force itself was left vague enough that it could still be justifiably called "magic".
    • When complaining about the Continuity Drift in the Star Wars movies, many fans like to point out that Darth Vader never seems to recognize any of the characters that he is later revealed to have known as a young man in the prequels. Actually, of the five characters that Anakin interacts with in both the original and prequel trilogies (Obi-Wan, Palpatine, Tarkin, Boba Fett and C-3PO), C-3PO is the only one that he never acknowledges knowing—and that's because they only have one scene together in the original trilogy, when Vader is preoccupied with freezing Han in carbonate.note  Chewbacca and R2-D2 are frequently cited as examples, but Anakin never meets Chewbacca in the prequels, and Vader never meets R2 in the originals.
    • Many fans also like to joke about Luke and Leia "making out" with each other in the original trilogy before they were revealed to be twins. Though they do kiss at two points, it's played completely non-sexually both times: Leia gives Luke a peck on the cheek "for luck" in A New Hope, and she kisses him on the lips in The Empire Strikes Back when she wants to make Han jealous.
    • The popular theory that Darth Vader's name is a bit of Bilingual Bonus foreshadowing note  has been pretty thoroughly debunked, but it's still cited as fact by many fans. For one thing, the Dutch word "vader" is pronounced more like "FAH-der" than "VAY-der"; for another, Word of God has indicated that Vader wasn't supposed to be Luke's father when the character was first conceived, and released early versions of the script have confirmed this. It's more likely that his name was supposed to evoke the word "invader" (as in "Space Invader"), as a nod to the old sci-fi serials that inspired Lucas.
  • Henry Frankenstein's hunchbacked assistant in the first Universal movie was named Fritz, not Igor. A character named Ygor (not spelled "Igor" in the movie) appeared in third and fourth movies. Ygor was not a hunchback (though he had a crooked posture due to a failed hanging attempt), and he was not Frankenstein's henchman. Rather, he was a schemer who wanted to reanimate the monster for his own personal gain. The idea that hunchbacked assistants are typically named Igor was made popular by Mel Brooks' Affectionate Parody Young Frankenstein. The Other Wiki proposes the non-hunchbacked assistant Igor from House of Wax (1953) as another possible influence.
  • Speaking of Young Frankenstein, the word Blücher (as in Frau Blücher, the housekeeper) is not German for "glue."note  The faux-definition is merely a Fanon explanation of the Running Gag in which mention of her name causes the estate horses to whinny in fear. "Blücher" is simply a common German surname, and Brooks states in the DVD Commentary that the gag with the horses was simply meant to show the housekeeper is ominous.
    • As an added bonus, the historically most famous Blücher (a Prussian Four-Star Badass who turned the battle of Waterloo) is famous for having his horse shot out from under him charging the French Old Guard in a desperate - and successful - attempt to buy his infantry some time to withdraw at the battle of Ligny.
  • People going on a trip by motorbike often reference Easy Rider, for the true spirit of the freedom-loving, all-American road-trip... forgetting the Diabolus Ex Machina ending. Of course, that may be intentional, since the ending was tacked on to meet with censor approval, allowing them to make the rest of the film glorifying freedom-loving hippy bikers.
  • Zeppo Marx is known as the fourth member of the Marx Brothers who added little to their movies besides singing sappy love songs. Actually, the only love song Zeppo sings in the Marx Brothers movies, not counting the Maurice Chevalier impersonation in Monkey Business, is "Everyone Says I Love You" in Horse Feathers.
  • The flying saucers in Plan 9 from Outer Space are commonly believed to have been pie tins or paper plates, to the point that it's tradition to throw paper plates around during screenings of it. In fact, they were children's flying saucer toys.
  • The James Bond series is the one where Bond always manages to seduce the beautiful lady working for the baddies into helping him? This has happened precisely ONCE, in Goldfinger. Most of the rest of the time, the main Bond girl is either on his side from the start (Moonraker, For Your Eyes Only, Tomorrow Never Dies), an innocent caught up in the adventure (Dr. No, A View to a Kill, Goldeneye) or working with the villains but unaware of their true plans (From Russia with Love, Octopussy). Or they don't turn at all. Octopussy is the nearest example in that the title girl is a criminal, but while in league with the villains she is ignorant of their evil scheme, and is actually a target of it. She is also kindly disposed to Bond already, as he saved her father from the ignominy of a court martial and so didn't really need seducing to help him. A View to a Kill has May Day, who does sleep with Bond and turn against her employer, but these are unrelated events - her Heel-Face Turn was inspired by Zorin being a psychopath who murdered all her coworkers.
  • The Friday the 13th series revolves around Jason Voorhees, a hockey-masked, machete-wielding Serial Killer who murders carefree teenagers. However, Jason wasn't in the first movie (the killer was his mother), and he didn't wear a hockey mask until the third movie (the second movie had him wearing a burlap sack over his head). Furthermore, though parodies of the movies frequently depict Jason wielding a chainsaw, he has never actually done this in the movies; the closest he ever came was wielding a hedge trimmer in Friday the 13th Part VII: The New Blood, and being attacked with one in Friday the 13th Part 2.
  • In The Karate Kid, the Training Montage set to "You're The Best" by Joe Esposito is so iconic that it has become the default music for training montages. There is only one problem with this; the song did not appear during any training montage in the movie. During the montage the song being played was "Moment of Truth" by Survivor. "You’re the Best" appeared later in the film accompanying a montage of Daniel and Johnny competing in the tournament.
  • Even if they've never seen it, everybody knows that Brokeback Mountain is "the gay cowboy movie". Even though they were shepherds, not cowboys. And their sexuality was left ambiguous enough to leave open the possibility that they were bisexual rather than outright closeted gays.
    • Actually, it could even be a case of If It's You, It's Okay, considering that neither of them had any other homosexual relationships before or after each other. Jack could have been gay or bi, considering he attempted to solicit a gay prostitute, but this could have been just a case of missing Ennis, whereas Ennis never shows interest in any other man than Jack.
  • In Iron Man 2, Black Widow has a Three-Point Landing. Except she doesn't. Iron Man himself does it often, but in this publicity image, Agent Romanov actually getting up from a slide along the ground, not landing from a fall. This misconception somehow persists even in people who have actually seen the movie and the scene in question.
  • Disney did not "fire" Jerry Bruckheimer after The Lone Ranger flopped, as he was never their employee to begin with. All they did was end their "first look" contract with him. Bruckheimer will still make movies with Disney but most of his newer films will be made for Paramount, who he has a new "first look" deal with.
    • The reason that Disney and Bruckheimer parted ways wasn't completely because of The Lone Ranger bombing either - it was due to the fact that all of their non-Pirates of the Caribbean collaborations from 2008 to 2013 (Confessions of a Shopaholic, G Force, Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time and The Sorcerer's Apprentice) were pretty high-profile box office disappointments, and the timing of the contract ending in late 2013 just happened to match up with their latest collaboration The Lone Ranger flopping.
    • Disney didn't shut down Robert Zemeckis' ImageMovers Digital studio after Mars Needs Moms flopped... because they had actually shut it down two years earlier, after the studios previous film A Christmas Carol (2009) flopped. All the failure of Mars Needs Moms did was lead Disney to cancel the other "burn-off" projects that the remaining ImageMovers staff had with them, such as the Yellow Submarine remake and Zemeckis' adaption of The Nutcracker.
  • The Sufficiently Advanced Aliens that manipulate human evolution in 2001: A Space Odyssey don't look like giant black monoliths. Though the details about them are left very vague in the Stanley Kubrick film, Arthur C. Clarke's accompanying novel makes it clear that the monoliths are actually vessels used by aliens who have evolved beyond the need for their physical bodies. The aliens themselves are never actually seen.
  • In Batman, despite what many people think, Alfred doesn't just reveal that Bruce Wayne is Batman to Vicki Vale. She managed to figure it out on her own after discovering the article about Bruce's parents being killed in front of him when he was a child.
  • Mad Max's supercharged black coupe is not the Interceptor. The Interceptor is his yellow patrol car in the first film. The black coupe is designated Pursuit Special. Fans simply started calling the Pursuit Special 'Interceptor' because it sounds cooler. Even the 1:18 model of it was called Interceptor.
  • Rebel Without a Cause does feature Greaser Delinquents, but James Dean's character is not one of them.
  • Who Framed Roger Rabbit: It's a collaboration and jointly owned effort between Disney, Warner Bros, and other animation studios right? Actually that's only partly true. While animators hailing from various studios did help work on the film, it's officially considered a Touchstone Pictures (alternate label of Disney) and Amblin Entertainment co-production. Many of the studios only gave permission to use the characters and did not actively work on the film.
  • It's often a point of mockery that in Signs, the aliens couldn't open doors, except that they could. There were many scenes in which the characters boarded, blocked and wedged the doors shut just to keep them from getting through.
  • In A Christmas Story, Ralphie's father did not refuse to get Ralphie a Red Ryder BB gun for Christmas on the grounds that he'd "shoot [his] eye out". Though many adults in the movie tell Ralphie this, his father was not one of them (though his mother was). The Old Man is the one who ultimately does buy Ralphie a Red Ryder BB gun.
  • Pacific Rim: Coyote Tango is widely believed to be the only Jaeger with a single-pilot cockpit, but in reality, it's a 2-man Jaeger like all the others. Pentecost was forced to fight solo after his co-pilot, Tamsin Sevier, blacked out during the battle that leveled Tokyo, which is why she isn't seen in Mako's flashback.
  • In Citizen Kane, Orson Welles did not carelessly "forget" to explain to the audience how everyone knows Charles Foster Kane's last words when he died alone in his bedroom. Near the end of the movie, Kane's butler Raymond explicitly says that he was the one who heard Kane say "Rosebud" while on his deathbed. We just don't see Raymond in the famous opening scene because the scene consists almost entirely of extreme close-ups (and it may, in fact, be shot from Raymond's point of view).
  • Because of a popular bit of Memetic Mutation spawned by Inception (jokingly referring to anything that can be described as "A ____ within a ____" as "____ception"), many people seem to be under the impression that the title of the film refers to the technique of building one dream inside another, or that said technique is used specifically for the process of inception. They seem to forget that the opening sequence of the film also shows the main characters using a nested dream for an extraction job—which is the opposite of an inception job. note 
  • Everyone knows that Godzilla is a big green lizard who breathes fire. Except that the original Toho version is a charcoal grey note  mutated dinosaur who breathes "Atomic Breath" note . The 1998 film managed to get all three wrong—making him a green mutated iguana without Atomic Breath—and was subsequently labeled In Name Only for it.
    • Godzilla was never 400 feet tall either. Depending on the film in question he is either 165, 262 or 330 feet tall.
  • If you've heard the complaints about the ending of A.I.: Artificial Intelligence, you've likely heard them centered around the sheer stupidity of "aliens showing up to fix everything at the last minute". Actually, the creatures in the final scene are never said to be aliens, and Word of God has repeatedly stated that they're just the highly evolved descendants of the mecha.
  • People frequently reference Kate Winslet's character in Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind as the the classic modern example of the Manic Pixie Dream Girl, forgetting (or unaware of) the movie's Twist Ending. The first scene of the movie, where a free-spirited woman with dyed hair randomly strikes up a conversation with a shy loner, isn't actually the couple's first meeting (it occurs after Joel and Clementine erased their memories of each other). In their real first meeting, Joel introduced himself to Clementine, he got a much more frosty reception, and the two actually had to work to make a romance feasible.

  • Frankenstein:
    • The public has unilaterally made "Frankenstein" the name of the monster, not its creator, and the monster usually is named Frankenstein in adaptations not striving for accuracy. This example falls squarely under I Am Not Shazam, but it's such a potent example that it merits mention here as well.
      • It may not be made explicit in the book, but the nameless Creature does refer to Dr. Frankenstein as his father several times, and it is very common for a son to take his father's last name.
    • People typically believe that Victor Frankenstein is a doctor. In the original novel he does not have a doctorate of any sort, and is merely a medical student.
    • Almost everyone "knows" that the monster is a bumbling idiot who means no harm, even though he was actually very intelligent and self-aware in the novel.
    • Everyone "knows" the monster was brought to life with lightning, or at least electricity. Except the novel specifically avoids saying how it was donenote . There is a mention of Victor Frankenstein being fascinated by the effects of a lightning strike earlier, but that's it.
    • Everyone "knows" that the monster is pure evil from the beginning. Even many of the more faithful adaptations involves Victor narrowly escaping as it immediately assaults him. In the original, the monster tried very hard to be accepted and spent an entire winter caring secretly for a poor family. The rejection he faced everywhere he went led to his killing people.
    • It is also Common Knowledge that the monster had No Name Given. While it is true the narrator(s) refuses to use it, the monster refers to himself as Adam which, according to Word of God, is his official name.
  • The tale of the Trojan Horse is usually attributed to Homer's The Iliad (or at least assumed to be related therein). In fact, the Trojan Horse incident appears in neither The Iliad nor its sequel The Odyssey — it merits only a brief mention in the latter, occurring between the events of the two poems. The lesson the story teaches us, "Beware of Greeks bearing gifts," which is also usually attributed to Homer, is actually a paraphrase of a quote (original quote was more like "I distrust Greeks, even when they do bring gifts") from Virgil's Aeneid, making this the mythological equivalent of Fanon. Of course, Oral Tradition doesn't really have any "true" authority, but Aeneid was written quite a while later and by a Roman.
    • The legend of the Achilles' Heel is also not in The Iliad, which implies that Achilles has ordinary vulnerabilities.
    • There used to be more poems in the series, several ancient sources include plot summaries of the others that include the wooden horse and heel.
  • Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea:
    • The title refers to the distance the sub travels while underwater, not the depth to which it goes. A "league" is a non-standardized measure of how far someone can walk in an hour, and it's used to measure distance, not depth (depth is measured in fathoms). This SNL sketch parodies this misconception.
    • The battle with the giant squid, the most famous scene in the story, also falls victim to this. Though it's the one plot point that practically everyone is aware of (even if they've never read the book), most people remember it as a climactic showdown with one king-sized squid when it was actually a prolonged skirmish with several of them. The 1954 Disney film has a lot to do with this misconception, since it simplified the squid-battle sequence by leaving it at one (presumably because there was only enough money in the budget for one animatronic squid).
    • While we're on the subject of the giant squid: in the original French, Verne actually referred to the creatures as "poulpes" ("octopuses"), rather than "calmars" ("squids"); many early English translations faithfully preserve the distinction, referring to them as "poulps" (an archaic English term for octopi). This appears to be, in part, a case of Science Marches On: 20th century zoological studies have long since made it clear that there are no real species of octopus that grow to the gigantic proportions seen in the book, but gigantic squid are very real.
    • Though he's certainly the most famous character in the novel, Captain Nemo is actually not the protagonist of the story, but the antagonist. The protagonist (and narrator) is a scientist named Pierre Arronax who spends most of the story as Nemo's captive. Nemo himself is a Nominal Hero at best, and a full-on villain at worst.
  • Sherlock Holmes:
    • Everyone knows that he always wore a deerstalker hat and an Inverness cape, and smoked a curved meerschaum pipe. Actually, the hat and cape were never explicitly described as an Inverness and a deerstalker in the text, and only sporadically appeared as such in a few of Sidney Paget's illustrations. The pipe is a type that did not arrive in Britain until after the Boer War, well past the time when Holmes had retired. Andrew Gillette, who portrayed Holmes on stage more than 1000 times, found that particular pipe easier to use, which is why it became a symbol of Holmes himself.
      • Relatedly: while a few of the original illustrations did have Holmes wearing the deerstalker, it wasn't his only headgear. He only really wore it in stories set in the English countryside, with stories set in London proper often depicting him wearing a black top hat instead.
    • Sherlock also never said "Elementary, my dear Watson". He used the word "elementary", and the phrase "dear Watson", on a few occasions, but never together. Of course in screen adaptations he says it all the time.
    • Speaking of Watson, most people generally picture him as an older, plumper man than Holmes, unattractive, boorish, clumsy and doltish. This is partly due to how many films portrayed him (the BBC versions from the 80's and 90's were the first to break this mold, and even they depicted Watson as significantly older than Holmes) and partly because Holmes usually had to explain how he deduced things to Watson. In reality, Watson was an Army surgeon of above-average intelligence who simply, like most other characters, did not possess Holmes's unique ability to rapidly analyze evidence and arrive at a logical deduction in seconds. He also was of an age with Holmes, and was probably the more attractive of the two. Oddly enough, Guy Ritchie's films with Robert Downey, Jr. and Jude Law probably come closest to accurately portraying the pair as written by Doyle.
    • Though Holmes' drug use tends to get a lot more focus today than it ever did in Doyle's day, the fact that his drug of choice is cocaine is actually Common Knowledge. Watson specifically says that Holmes frequently uses both cocaine and morphine note , but his 7% cocaine solution is the only drug that we actually see him using in-story.
    • Though Holmes greatly admired Irene Adler's intellect, he was never in love with her, and they never had any kind of romantic relationship. "A Scandal in Bohemia", the only story that she appears in, actually ended with her running off to marry another man. However, because Adler is one of the most pervasive cases of Promoted to Love Interest in literature, people tend to forget this.
    • The dramatic scene of Holmes plummeting to his supposed death at Reichenbach Falls, while one of the series' most iconic images, never really happened in canon. In the original story, "The Final Problem", Watson arrived on the scene after Holmes supposedly fell, and put two and two together from a note that Holmes left. It was later revealed in "The Empty House" that Holmes survived his encounter with Moriarty by throwing him down the falls, then chose not to tell Watson that he'd survived so that he could spend some time dealing with his enemies incognito.
    • Most people "know" that Holmes's greatest nemesis is Professor Moriarty. If you've never read the original stories, it's natural to assume that Moriarty turns up often, either being faced directly or chessmastering the scenarios Holmes finds himself in. In fact, he is featured in exactly two stories, and the first story in which he appeared was also the one in which he died. A full-length novel, The Valley of Fear, was set prior to The Final Problem and is Moriarty's only other appearance. While Holmes does describe him as "the Napoleon of crime" and it's implied that he's at least as brilliant as Holmes is, at no point do any of the characters describe him as Holmes's greatest nemesis. In fairness, though, "The Adventure of the Norwood Builder" does heavily imply that he was behind many more crimes that Holmes never found out about, fueling much speculation.
    • Also, nearly all adaptations (even the otherwise very faithful Granada series) portray Holmes and Watson as middle-aged or older. When in fact, all four novels, all 24 stories written before The Final Problem (and a few that were published later but chronologically take place before that case) take place during a ten-year period during which both characters were in their late-20s to late-30s. Most of the remaining stories take place when they were in their early 40s, and Holmes retires by his late 40s.
    • Mrs Hudson is sometimes seen as Holmes's housekeeper. She wasn't any kind of servant, she owned 221 Baker Street, and rented 221B to Holmes and Watson. (She was however, often portrayed as cooking for them, since obviously two Victorian bachelors couldn't fend for themselves in such matters.)
  • Harry Potter:
    • Whenever a non-fan hears about Harry having romance in his life, it's assumed he'll be getting together with Hermione - because she's the only female character non-fans have actually heard of. This is made all the more hilarious by the fact that Harry/Hermione shippers are considered a bit of a joke in the fandom due their insistence prior to the end of the series that the pairing would be reciprocated despite J. K. Rowling telegraphing Ron/Hermione about as obviously as possible.
      • This is made more complicated by Rowling herself admitting that Harry/Hermione would have been the more logical couple.
    • A lot of portrayals of new Hogwarts students other than Harry entering the school have the new character getting their acceptance letter on their eleventh birthday exactly, forgetting that Harry was sent hundreds before his birthday; he just wasn't able to read any of them until Hagrid gave him one after several days of the Dursleys trying to escape them. On top of that, the final application date was the 31st of July, which would seriously screw over the children who turned eleven in August.
  • Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde:
    • Hyde was Jekyll's evil, unrestrained side, yes, but Jekyll was not his own good side. It is specifically pointed out in the book that Jekyll is both good and evil, a fact nearly every single story, parody, or adaptation based on it forgets. Moreover, Hyde was not a hulking giant. He was actually smaller and younger-looking than Jekyll, though he was growing taller and stronger, representing Jekyll's slide on the evil side. Alan Moore correctly recognizes the fact in The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, along with the possibility of the hulking monster as a further stage.
      • Oddly enough, in the almost universally panned Jekyll-and-Hyde film Mary Reilly, John Malkovich performs the two characters the way they're portrayed in Stevenson's novella. Ironically, some critics of the film blasted Malkovich for that performance.
    • Most people think Jekyll is the protagonist of the story. While adaptations always focus on Jekyll himself, the protagonist of the original story was Jekyll's friend Gabriel John Utterson, who is investigating the connection between his friend Jekyll and the mysterious Mr. Hyde.
    • The novella is not called Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde or even The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. It is actually called Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, with the "The" left out.
  • In-universe in Salamander. The rules for magic are very different from what most people think they are.
  • J.R.R. Tolkien's Middle-Earth:
    • It's commonly believed that almost every fantasy stereotype originated with Tolkien. He was extremely influential on the fantasy genre as a whole, but his descriptions of most fantasy races differ significantly from the stereotypical aspects of the genre. In addition, very little of Tolkien's racial stereotyping originated with Tolkien. His sources were somewhat older. Trope Codifier, perhaps, but not Ur Example.
    • The Lord of the Rings isn't Frodo Baggins, nor his uncle Bilbo. It refers exclusively to Sauron. There is only one Lord of the Rings, and he doesn't share his title.
      • This is actually mentioned in The Fellowship of the Ring, during the Council of Elrond. Pippin jokingly says, "Behold! The Lord of the Ring!" in response to Frodo taking the Ring, and Gandalf quickly reprimands him.
    • "Pipe-weed" is definitely not marijuana; it's the Middle-Earth counterpart of tobacco. It's even explicitly called tobacco in The Hobbit, which was written before the decision to tie it all in to his Middle-Earth mythology. Tolkien changed the name to pipe-weed because tobacco is a non-English loanword, so he felt it would be inappropriate to use with characters not speaking English.
    • It's often said that Saruman has a Compelling Voice. While this is somewhat true, the actual extent of this is often exaggerated, with many fans claiming that Saruman's voice was literally hypnotic. Tolkien explicitly stated in one of his letters that Saruman's voice was merely persuasive, not hypnotic, and in fact hypnosis (in any form) does not occur in any of his works. Rejecting Saruman's voice was possible with free will and reason (emphasis Tolkien's), as Gimli does in the book. This is poked fun at in the second movie, when Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli encounter who they think is Saruman, Aragon warns "Do not let him speak. He will put a spell on us."
    • Also, it's common knowledge that Gimli was a comic relief-type character, but this is only true in the movies. In the book, he was an honourable, wise and stalwart warrior, though he did have a short temper which led to a few difficult situations.
    • The Lord of the Rings is not a trilogy. It's one single book, which was initially published in three parts because the publishers couldn't afford to publish it all at once originally. (Ironically, it was initially intended to be a shorter sequel to The Hobbit, but as Tolkien famously said, "the tale grew in the telling").
  • It's often said that The Magician's Nephew is the first book in The Chronicles of Narnia. Though it is the first chronologically, it's actually officially the sixth book, and a prequel to the actual first book, which is The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe. Later compilations which published the books in chronological order (putting The Magician's Nephew first) are to be blamed for this. Fans even back up this belief by claiming that C. S. Lewis actually preferred it that way, though many suggest he was actually just being kind to a young fan who said she preferred that order when he said that, not actually officially endorsing it as Word of God.
  • The wonderlands of Lewis Carroll:
    • Many people are still under the impression that Carroll was either on drugs or a child molester.
    • Also, many people who have never read the book or watched adaptations of it assume that the story is about Alice is having a drug trip instead of simply dreaming. Others assume that the book was written in an attempt to advertise psychedelic drugs and/or alcohol to children, but it's just a nonsensical fantasy story.
      • The former comes from the time and space displacement that Alice undergoes during Alice in Wonderland (as well as the general nuttiness). In fact, the growing and shrinking, like the frequent presence of magical food and drink, are just because children like that kind of thing. (And possibly as a math joke.) The general nuttiness comes from the fact that Alice in Wonderland was actually parodying just about everything Carroll could think of.
      • The latter idea actually comes from Values Dissonance causing a severe backfire in his family's attempt to preserve his reputation: He had several very close relationships with grown women, some of whom were married, as well as his now-famous "child friends"— to the Victorians, someone who spent more time around children than adults was seen as innocent and saintly, so his family covered up his relationships with adults by emphasizing his younger friends, and even claiming he was afraid of adult women. This doesn't look so good to a modern eye.
    • He didn't have Alice in Wonderland Syndrome, either; it was just named for his books. He did suffer from migraines, but not until later in life, long after both Alice books were written.
    • Contrary to popular belief, Carroll never actually referred to the Hatter as the Mad Hatter, only the Hatter. And the Queen of Hearts and Red Queen are not the same person (though film adaptations frequently merge them). Referring to the Hatter as the Mad Hatter would be redundant, as the Cheshire Cat points out that everyone in Wonderland, including Alice herself, is mad.
    • She fell down a rabbit hole, talked to a doorknob and some sentient flowers in the garden, met Tweedledum and Tweedledee...wait, you mean she didn't? Well yes, of course she fell down the rabbit hole, but the talking doorknob was from the Disney animated film, while the talking flowers and Tweedledum and Tweedledee were both from Through the Looking-Glass.
    • Common knowledge even gets the title wrong - it was Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. Not to mention that common knowledge also screws up the sequel's title, as it is correctly Through the Looking Glass, and What Alice Found There.
      • However, "Alice in Wonderland" can be used as the series title, referring to the two books together.
  • The title character of Carrie is telekinetic, not pyrokinetic. She never created fire using only her mind, she just managed to start a fire at her school by telekinetically turning on the sprinklers in the gym and ripping apart the wiring in some nearby machinery. The confusion likely stems from people confusing Carrie with the little girl from Firestarter, whose pyrokinesis is her main psychic power. Both books were by Stephen King, and both were about young psychic girls blamelessly victimized by others.
  • Eragon isn't the name of the dragon on the cover. It's the name of the farmboy who finds the dragon egg.
  • HP Lovecraft
    • His stories are all about people meeting an ancient Eldritch Abomination (often the centerpiece Cthulhu) and in the end getting killed or insane. Except... Not. To start with, few stories of Lovecraft features an abomination itself (and especially Cthulhu, who is only in his titular story and is mentioned fairly little beyond that) instead often showing smaller races who worship these Old Ones (the most prevalent being Yog-Sothoth and Lovecraft fittingly called his mythos "Yog-Sothothery") and rarely dealing with the direct end of the world, but instead focusing on humanity's lack of importance on a grander scale. And last but not least, very few protagonists of his die and few of them goes insane. Most of them just live... But of course have to live with the knowledge of what they know.
    • And, in a possibly even more ubiquitous case, he never called the Fungi from Yuggoth "Mi-Go" as a proper name for the species. In his story that truly introduced them, they are compared to, or suggested to the origin of stories of the Mi-Go — and the protagonists later conclude that the "mi-go" is, in truth, definitely the same as what they're dealing with — but the term is simply a pre-existing name (another name for the yeti) that they decide is truly, if unwittingly, referring to these creatures, rather than the more common conception of what one is. It would be just as valid to call them fauns, dryads, satyrs, or "kallikanzarai" [sic], all other pre-existing creatures of myth and folklore that they're similarly compared to.
  • Nowhere in the original Dracula novel does it say that the title character is Weakened by the Light.
  • A lot of people think that in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, 42 is "the meaning of life". Actually, it's specifically referred to as the Answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe, and Everything. The reason nobody can understand why 42 is the answer is because they don't actually know what the question is.
  • Fahrenheit 451:
    • Books are not banned. They're very rare, since nearly all books have been banned a la the Qin dynasty, and most "useful" books have been put on foresight's best approximation of digital media, but there exist books that are legal to own; there's even a scene where Montag tries to dramatically reveal that he's preserved a banned book, and everyone present thinks it's a "fireman"'s manual.
    • Furthermore, Fahrenheit 451 is not about government censorship but rather self-censorship - Ray Bradbury believed that a decline in interest in literature in favour of other mediums such as TV was a very bad thing, and in fact got very annoyed at people's constant insisting that it was about state censorship.
      • It should be mentioned here that Ray Bradbury changed his explanation of what the book was about many times, with the self censorship reasoning only coming to the forefront later in life when he became strongly in favor of increased government power in the aftermath of 9/11.
    • And of course, everyone knows the title is a reference to the temperature at which paper catches fire - 451 degrees Fahrenheit. Well, sort of - paper can catch fire at 451 degrees Fahrenheit, but it is only an estimation, and the actual temperature varies depending on the paper considered.
  • The Giver is a novel about a futuristic society where everyone looks and acts the same... except it's not. People in the Community have distinct personalities, and government-mandated personality tests are actually a huge plot point. Technically, there are a handful of people in the Community with distinct looks (the protagonist and his love interest stand out for having blue eyes and red hair, respectively) though selective breeding by the government tries to prevent this. The Community's distinguishing features are its strict regulation of people's career paths and everyday lives, and its ban on strong emotions. It's a bit more complex than "Everyone is the same!"
  • Dr. John Dolittle, M.D. did not, contrary to popular belief, have any kind of special ability that allowed him to talk to animals. He simply learned how to talk to animals (the same way that one would learn any other foreign language) by taking lessons from his pet parrot Polynesia, who could naturally speak to both humans and animals.
  • Everyone knows that Winnie-the-Pooh and friends live in the Hundred Acre Wood — except that they don't. "The Hundred Acre Woods" is actually just a small section of a much larger, nameless forest (based on and clearly meant to be Ashdown Forest in Sussex, but in the books just called "the Forest"). The only character who actually lived in the Hundred Acre Wood is Owl; the rest of them live in other parts of the Forest. Though this misconception is probably another result of Adaptation Displacement: in the Disney version, "The Hundred Acre Wood" is the name for the entire Forest.
  • Eugene Onegin: It is Common Knowledge that at the end Tatiana marries an elderly man. Actually, her husband's age is never mentioned. The narration hints that he's just several years older than Onegin.
  • The War of the Worlds: Everyone knows that the Martian invasion was stopped when the Martians contracted the common cold and died. Except they didn't; it's made very clear that they died from bacterial infections.
  • If you know a lover of fantasy fiction who hasn't read The Wheel of Time, they will likely tell you two reasons; One, that the series will "never end" and Two, that the plot never advances despite the length of the books. The first is explicitly untrue; the series has reached its conclusion. The second isn't strictly true either; a great deal of advancement occurs in the first six books. It is only around the seventh that author Robert Jordan seemed to prefer to move the plot forward very slowly, but even then he included at least one major event per novel, the only real exception being Crossroads of Twilight. The last four novels in the series are quite kinetic and move the plot forward significantly.
    • Also, a common complaint is just how long each book is. And long they are, but not really any longer than most epic fantasy novels from its time, and in fact, significantly shorter than novels in other series such as The Sword of Truth, The Malazan Book of the Fallen or even the more popular A Song of Ice and Fire.
  • In The Wonderful Wizard of Oz books not all Munchkinlanders are short. While it is common for them to be below average height more than a few are of typical height.
  • Vatsayana's Kama Sutra is a Hindu philosophical text about the spiritual components of pleasure, the challenges of balancing pleasurable living with virtuous behavior, and the elements of healthy sexual relationships. Despite what you may have heard, it's not a "sex manual" or a guide to having better sex. Also, while it may be heavily associated with tantric sex in the popular imagination, it has nothing to do with it.
  • Discworld is a lighthearted parody of fantasy tropes. Sure, if you're talking about the first three books, and your definition of "lighthearted" includes a scary apocalyptic cult that The Grim Reaper calls Death of the mind, and a teenage girl almost losing her mind to the instincts of an eagle. Mort is an original story based on established Discworld concepts rather than a direct parody of anything, and subsequent books are generally more the former than the latter, and where they're parody, are more likely to parody things other than classic fantasy.

    Live Action TV 
  • The Land of the Lost is not Earth in the distant past.
  • Common Knowledge from Star Trek:
    • The only thing everyone knows about Vulcans from Star Trek (apart from the pointy ears) is that they have no emotions. They in fact have very strong emotions—often described as more powerful than that of humans, to the point that, when combined with their strength, it led to anarchy that nearly destroyed them. This is why their culture now encourages all Vulcans to suppress emotion and act on logic. Their stoic nature is cultural, not genetic. To see what Vulcans would be like without this cultural aspect, just look to the Romulans, an offshoot of the Vulcans directed their aggression outward and became interstellar conquerors.
    • Not only does no character in Star Trek ever actually say the line "Beam Me Up, Scotty!", people often forget that chief engineer Montgomery Scott wasn't the one who usually had the job of beaming crewmen up. That was a guy named Mr. Kyle that no one remembers.
    • It has become common knowledge among fans that Scotty never controlled the teleporter and was never ordered to beam any one up. While the exact line Beam Me Up, Scotty! was not used Kirk gave the order “Scotty, beam us up” in at least two episodes.
    • Kirk was a hot space cowboy who played by his own rules and seduced gorgeous alien babes, right? What, he didn't? Well, not as much as people like to remember. In fact, while women did seem to fall for him a good bit, he rarely fell for them and even more rarely did he seduce them. Also, he was kind of a hardass about breaking the rules, and came down pretty hard on his crew when they did break them. Of course, in the films he did commit nine violations of Federation law, but this was all in the course of trying to save Spock's life, and he fully expected to be booted from Starfleet as a result. Kirk was emphatically not a space cowboy who played by his own rules.
    • Present in almost every Star Trek game is the concept that phasers and other beam weapons work best against enemy shields and torpedoes work best against the enemy's hull. This idea doesn't appear in any episode or film.
  • Not every Gilligan's Island episode involved the castaways trying to escape the island, only about a third of them. Many episodes dealt with them trying to avoid being killed by tropical storms or some other threat, while a surprisingly large number were about things like having a costume party or a beauty pageant.
    • Also, everyone knows that all potential rescues/escapes failed because of Gilligan's screw-ups, and the castaways should've just eaten Gilligan, right? Actually, in the 37 episodes that involve some chance of getting off the island, Gilligan is only legitimately "at fault" for the failure 17 times. Screwing up 17 rescues probably would make you unpopular, granted, but there were also a large number of episodes where Gilligan saves the castaways from disaster, or headhunters, or some other deadly peril. There are also several instances where the escape plan was fatally flawed, but the flaw wasn't noticed until Gilligan had "screwed it up," inadvertently saving their lives.
    • There's also the common joke "How come the Professor could build a nuclear reactor out of coconuts, but he couldn't fix the hole in the boat?" In the first place, the Professor never built a nuclear reactor, and in the second place, the boat was completely destroyed in episode 8.
      • Others who were aware the boat was destroyed want to know why he couldn't, in the words of "Weird Al" Yankovic, "build a lousy raft." In fact, he did so in at least one episode...and Gilligan sank it.
  • In 588 episodes of Lassie, Timmy never actually fell down a well.
  • Jokes about LOST often ask why "the fat guy," Hurley, never loses any weight on the island despite having a meager food supply. In actuality, the survivors of the plane crash had a variety of food to choose from, including boar and fish, and a research station full of consumer food was discovered in season 2. A Loose Change parody documentary on the fourth season DVD makes fun of this idea by asking how Hurley and the others retained their weight despite allegedly being stranded on a deserted island with little food.
    • Also, the show takes place over a much shorter time than it was aired. Seasons 1-4 took place over 108 days (this is specifically mentioned as how many days after Oceanic Flight 815's crash the Oceanic Six were rescued.)
    • At least one episode shows that Hurley has a horrible food problem; he's eating junk food from the mysterious sources (they got an airdrop once!) left and right.
      • It even gets Lampshaded in one episode. Hurley finds a box of crackers and starts wolfing them down, even after Ben tries to stop him by pointing out that they're over 30 years old.
    • And before the group found the junk food, Hurley specifically (and indignantly) tells Charlie that he has, in fact, shed quite a few pounds while on the island - it's just harder to notice such changes when they're such a small proportion of his total body weight than it would be if he were thinner.
  • The panel show QI has debunking things considered Common Knowledge, then explaining the facts, as its central concept. They still mess up on occasion, and at one point retroactively awarded points that contestants should have received in earlier shows (Alan Davies got something like 500 points).
  • In the show Doctor Who the main character's name is not, in fact, Doctor Who. It's just 'the Doctor'. Admittedly, this is partly the show's own fault for using 'Dr. Who' or 'Doctor Who' as the character's name in the credits over 19 seasons, but it can be rather irritating to fans when people don't seem to know who they're talking about until you add the extra word.
    • Also, the TARDIS has the shape of a Police Box, not a Phone Booth (though it does have a non-working phone on the outside, and the Ninth and Eleventh Doctors have been shown operating a working phone attached to the TARDIS console).
    • And almost all non-fans of the show know the Daleks as "The evil robots from Doctor Who," unaware that they're actually mutated aliens with robotic exoskeletons. This includes the writers of the Oxford English Dictionary. note 
      • This may arise from the episode "Destiny of the Daleks" which refers to the Dalek/Movellan War as "two races of robots engaged in a stalemated war". However, the episode was written by Terry Nation, creator of the Daleks, and it shows the Doctor finding a Dalek mutant and has Romana say the Daleks were once humanoid, so the episode is at most implying that these particular Daleks have become robotic and is not claiming that this is a general characteristic of Daleks.
      • This is actually related to a more general misunderstanding of what a robot is. Especially (though it doesn't apply in this case) if they're giant.
    • There are a couple of ones involving Gallifrey Mean Time. Although it it is never stated, it's more or less assumed that whenever the Doctor visits Gallifrey, the year is the year of the Doctor's Birth plus The Doctor's Age. This is never contradicted, since the writers like to refer to previous Gallifrey stories in the current one. However during the interregnum in the 1990s, it almost became fanon that Gallifrey Mean Time is in the Earth's distant past; there's really nothing to support this.
    • Much of the things which people think came in with the New Series in 2005 are actually Older Than They Think. For example, it is thought the Doctor never showed romantic feelings to anyone before Rose. The First Doctor had romantic feelings towards Cameca, an elderly Aztec Woman in "The Aztecs", the 6th story. His proposal to her is accidental, but he does appear genuinely sad at leaving her and keeps the brooch she gives him.
  • On Starsky & Hutch, the heroes' chief informant Huggy Bear had a lot of different jobs over the course of the show, but pimp was not one of them.
  • Steve Martin was never a regular cast member on Saturday Night Live; between his first appearance on the show in 1976 to today, he only appeared in 24 episodes. Then again, it's an easy mistake. He hosted the show 2-3 times per season between 1976 and 1980, except for the 1978-1979 season in which he hosted one episode that year. Not to mention, "The Festrunk Brothers" is one of the show's most iconic sketches.
  • The Muppet Show did not have guest hosts, it had guest stars. Kermit was the permanent host.
    • Additionally, Rowlf was not a member of Dr. Teeth and the Electric Mayhem. He was part of the orchestra which included most of the Electric Mayhem, and has occasionally played piano alongside other members, but has rarely performed with all five original members. In part because Rowlf and Dr. Teeth were both performed by Jim Henson, and their instruments are similar (Rowlf plays piano, Dr. Teeth plays keyboard, and has sometimes played piano).
  • Detectives Jimmy McNulty and William "Bunk" Moreland of The Wire are a classic pair of wise-cracking buddy cops who work the BPD's Homicide Unit, right? Well, sort of. Though Bunk and McNulty are very close friends, they're only partners in the first season, and only Bunk consistently works as a homicide detective for the entirety of the show. note  Even in Season 1, the two men spend surprisingly little time investigating crimes together, since McNulty spends the majority of Season 1 heading up the special Barksdale task force.
  • Everyone knows that George Costanza on Seinfeld is an only child. Except he isn't; he mentions having a brother at least twice. The writer of one of the episodes (The Parking Space) was Larry David, so it can be assumed it isn't a continuity error, and this is never contradicted in any future episode.
  • Dawsons Creek is so well known for having adults well into their 20's playing teenagers that it's the Trope Namer for Dawson Casting. However, the show itself actually averts this trope, with the core cast, anyway. James Van Der Beek, Michelle Williams, Katie Holmes, and Joshua Jackson were all actual teenagers playing 15 year olds when the show began. The trope didn't come into play with the show itself until the later seasons when you had actors well beyond their teens playing high school students, such as nearly 30 year old Meredith Monroe playing a high school student.
    • Beverly Hills 90210 plays with this trope, however. While a lot of the actors were well beyond their teens, there were some actual teen actors such as Jennie Garth (who was 18 when the show began) playing high school students.

  • Despite it being disproven for years, there are still people who are convinced that "Puff The Magic Dragon" is nothing but a long, badly-hidden drug reference, as is Bob Dylan's "Rainy Day Women #12 & 35" (Refrain from Assuming: "Everybody Must Get Stoned").
    • According to Word of God, "Purple Haze" is a love song where Jimi Hendrix describes a dream he had where he was walking under the ocean.
    • And "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" is what John Lennon's young son titled his drawing, not a thinly veiled LSD reference.
  • "99 Luftballons" means "99 Balloons" (Luft means "air", but Luftballon is more commonly to toys than other types of balloons); indeed, not one line of the German lyrics mentions the balloons' colors. Nena added the word "red" to the English lyrics so it would scan a bit better.
  • Ragtime music is sometimes associated with The Great Depression era, but its popularity actually mostly died around around World War I and by the '30s was as far from its heyday of mainstream popularity as Disco music was in The Nineties or Grunge is today. The misconception was largely fueled by the 1973 film The Sting, which featured a prominent ragtime soundtrack and was set in 1936.
  • Everyone knows that "Louie, Louie" was the filthiest, most obscene song you could commonly hear on the radio (before such controversy caused people to lash out against it). In fact, it's just a completely unintelligible telling of a simple story. The creators themselves have gotten into screaming matches with fans over what the lyrics "allegedly" are.
  • Many people still think that Warrant hated the song "Cherry Pie." This isn't actually true. It is true it was something they wrote quickly, but they don't hate it and have said as much. The songwriter just flipped out during an interview because his life was falling apart at the time during the question about that particular song.
  • It is widely believed that "Bad Boys" was sung by Bob Marley. It was actually sung by Inner Circle in 1992, eleven years after Marley's death.
  • Vocaloid did not start in Japan, it started in the UK, with English speaking vocals. The misconception comes from Miku Hatsune's Breakout Character status, as she happens to be a Japanese Vocaloid. Additionally, Vocaloids were not initially intended to be virtual celebrities; they were intended to be backing vocals for "real" singers, but became celebrities when people started to realize that they can make them sing on their own, too.
  • "Weird Al" Yankovic writes more than just parodies. In fact his albums have almost as many (if not more) original songs (as well as, usually, a polka medley) as they do parodies.
  • Queen's "Bohemian Rhapsody" still regularly gets mentioned as the first pop promo vid. It wasn't, by quite a way, though it may have been the moment at which the medium Grew The Beard.
  • The much-publicized clip of Miley Cyrus gyrating on Robin Thicke at the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards may have led to "twerk" becoming a household word overnight, but anyone who actually knew the term "twerking" before that night will know full well that that's not what Cyrus was doing in the clip. The dance move that she did onstage during Thicke's performance of "Blurred Lines" would be more accurately described as "grinding".

    Mythology and Religion 
  • King Arthur pulled the sword Excalibur from the stone, thus proving he was rightful king of England. Except that in most versions of the legend the sword he pulled out was an entirely separate (usually unnamed) sword. Excalibur was given him by the Lady of the Lake after the Sword in the Stone broke.
    • Also, it seems to be Common Knowledge on this wiki that the Sword in the Stone is called Caliburn. It's not. Caliburn is simply an older word for 'Excalibur', and whilst it has been used in some of the original tellings of the legend to mean the Sword in the Stone, that's only in versions of the legend where Excalibur and the Sword in the Stone are the same sword (or, at least, have the same name). The notion of Caliburn and Excalibur being different swords came much later.
    • In the earlier texts, the Holy Grail was not a cup, nor was it even referred to as holy. It its first appearance, Perceval, le Conte du Graal, which translates into The Story of the Grail, it appeared as a dish.
      • It's also worth observing that the King Arthur stories are older than the Holy Grail's inclusion. There are a lot of people who think the King Arthur tales are always about Holy Grails and Lancelot/Guinevere betrayals and don't realise versions exist without them.
    • King Arthur is more properly a legendary king of Britain, not England; in early traditions Arthur is said to have fought the Anglo-Saxons who gave the name England ("land of the Angles") to Britain. Many scholars today theorise that he was actually Welsh.
      • And in some of the earliest versions of the stories, Arthur's kingdom also encompassed Brittany (indeed, the Breton Arthurian tradition is the reason for the interest of French writers in the matičre de Bretagne), a fact that often gets downplayed by his English, Cornish and Welsh fans.
  • For Christianity; everybody "knows" that Satan and the demons rule over hell to torment the damned. Except that The Bible plainly says that Satan and his demons will be punished right along with the damned. Hell is Satan's prison, not his kingdom. (His kingdom is actually Earth.) Also, Satan, along with every other demon, was once a glorious angel, and they rebelled against God. In Christian belief, nothing originated as evil.
    • Satan doesn't look like a red guy with horns and pitchfork either. According to Revelation 12:3 (the only physical description of Satan in the Bible) he looks like a seven headed dragon with ten horns.
    • The word "ha-satan" in Hebrew literally means "the opposer" "the accuser" or "the prosecutor". This is made fairly explicit in the book of Job, where Satan is a angelic minion whose purpose is to test humans to see if they will continue to obey the laws of God when forced to suffer.
    • Continuing the Hell theme: fire, brimstone and eternal torment are often described as "Old Testament". The Old Testament does not mention Hell at all. The entire concept is a Christian innovation (maybe inspired by the Zoroastrians, but just as likely as a misconception of the passages in Revelation (it's not called "Revelations", by the way) that describes God throwing death, Hell, etc. into a lake of fire and brimstone, after Judgment Day).
      • The word "Hell" is derived from Norse mythology (Hel), and was simply a translation issue- the actual words used in the New Testament are generally Sheol or Gehenna, both of which are used in the Old Testament. Sheol is the land of the dead and equivalent to Hades; Gehenna- the OT sometimes gives it an older name- is a valley outside Jerusalem where apostate Hebrews and pagans would sacrifice their children to the Caananite gods in burnt offerings.
    • Also, the Immaculate Conception is not the conception of Jesus by the Virgin Mary, but the idea that Mary herself was born free from original sin. Unlike the virgin birth, which is universal to all denominations of Christianity, the Immaculate Conception is a specifically Catholic dogma that is rejected (or at least left to personal opinion) by a majority of Protestant, Orthodox, and Anglican churches.
    • Anything covered by Word of Dante qualifies. Paradise Lost especially has greatly changed how people view the basic relation between Satan and God, despite not being intended or recognized as canon.
    • Mary Magdelene was never identified as a whore. She is mentioned for the first time in a passage following one about an adulteress. The two women were officially combined hundreds of years later in order to cut down on the number of characters. Mary came to Jesus with "demons in her head," most likely referring to her having some sort of mental illness that he cured.
      • In addition, we never see Mary Magdalene anoint Jesus with perfume or wash his feet in the Gospels. The unnamed "woman who was a sinner" mentioned above did that, and much later, just before his death, a different Mary anointed him with perfume again—but that was Mary of Bethany, the sister of Martha and Lazarus. (Yes, the New Testament has a lot of Marys.)
    • On the subject of Biblical whores, the woman to be stoned in John was certainly not one. She was an adulteress, which under Mosaic law, meant she must have been married; a single woman sleeping with a married man was not considered adultery. Non-religious prostitution was still legal at the time.
    • The Bible rarely refers to women as being prostitutes. The word often translated as such (זנה) actually means a sexually or religious loose person. While the word could be used for a prostitute and at times it is heavily implied (such as Judah giving a gift to a random woman he picked up) it is never outright stated they are. It is more often used to refer to people that are not committed to their religion.
    • At this point nearly everyone knows that the wavy, brown hair seen on the Semitic Jesus is just artistic license, but the idea that he had long hair at all is unlikely, since Paul later refers to long hair on men as "a disgrace," an odd thing to say about your Saviour. It's likely that what constituted "long" hair was different in those days, but the way Christ is usually depicted, with hair well down his back, certainly would have counted. Likewise, the ethereal beauty he's usually depicted with is explicitly contradicted by Isaiah, if it's to be believed that Isaiah's prophecy refers to him. And given that Jesus grew up as a hard-working carpenter, it's unlikely that "ethereal" would in any way apply to him.
      • On that note was the fact that Judas had to point out who Jesus was among His followers when Judas sold out to the Romans. Most likely, Jesus would have looked like a fairly average Jew from the Mediterranean of His time. If He was dressed in crimson or indigo and had a shining complexion like He's usually depicted, the act would have been superfluous.
      • On that note, Jesus is almost universally portrayed as being white. In fact, given that he came from Israel, it's very likely that he was dark-skinned. To quote a well-known memetic picture: The term "semite" means a member of any of various ancient and modern Semitic-speaking peoples originating in the Near East, including Hebrews (Israelites, Judeans and Samaritans), Bahranis, Maltese, Syriacs and Arabs. Jesus was a Hebrew who lived 2000 years ago in the Middle East. 99% of people never moved further than maybe 100 miles from their place of birth in their lifetimes - no one knew what a Middle Eastern Jew looked like, including the painters, who invented White Jesus so it would be easier for people to identify with the Christ.
    • Of the four horsemen of the first four seals, only Death's role is made explicit. War and Famine are identified by the first carrying a large sword and going off to make war and sow strife, and the second holding a scale while a voice behind him cites hugely inflated grain prices and warns against touching pricier goods. Fair enough. Pestilence is thornier, and indeed, to the Catholic and Orthodox Churches the first horseman is "Conquest," since he identifies himself as a conqueror; other traditions have him as Christ himself or the Antichrist. Since conquest and war are so closely related, however, a minority of theologians came to the conclusion that this is the metaphorical conqueror of "Pestilence," and this idea somehow stuck.
    • Everyone knows that the Mark of Cain was a curse placed upon Cain by God. Except that, if you actually read the story, it isn't. God cursed Cain, then when Cain complained that on top of that anyone he met would kill him, God blessed him with a mark of protection such that any who harmed him would suffer vengeance sevenfold. This countered Cain's objection and ensured that he would only suffer the intended curse.
    • The angel Gabriel was not an archangel. He was a seraph. By definition there can only be one archangel, and the Bible only mentions one, and that is Michael. Michael, Gabriel and Rafael were all seraphs, the highest order of angels, but Michael alone was the archangel - the highest among angels.
      • Actually, it's more confusing that that. Some of the listings of angels differentiate archangels and Archangels, with the lower case being a lower, serving set of angels counter to our concept of "arch" indicating highest and the capital being the order of angels that sit closest to God. However, the Bible itself rarely makes any comment more definite than "thousands of angels" and most of the listings are made outside the Bible and have grown to include the various deities of minor villages which were anglicized in order to attract more worshipers to the church by convincing people that their gods worked for the true "God".
    • Christians do not become angels when they go to heaven. They just go to heaven. Angels are an entirely separate order created by God, and none of them were ever human. There is a term for a human soul that resides in Heaven- a Saint.
      • For that matter, the idea that a person must have died in order to be a saint is not found in the Bible. While there are passages that talk about dead saints, many passages refer to saints who are very explicitly alive.
    • Lucifer is Satan. There is heavy evidence that the Lucifer mentioned in the Bible is actually a particular king who was also known as the "Bringer of Light" because he literally brought light to the nighttime streets of his city, but who fell into ignoring his responsibilities later in life. There is no indication that there is an angel named Lucifer in the Bible.
    • Noah did not just bring two of every animal aboard the ark. He brought two pairs of every unclean animal, seven pairs of every clean animal, and seven pairs of every bird. After all, birds live in flocks, and if you're going to eat some lamb, you'd probably want to take more than two lambs, right?
      • And it wasn't only for eating. Animal sacrifice was part of worship at this time, and Noah sacrificed a lamb when they survived the flood, so they needed the spare clean animals for this as well.
      • Also, it wasn't for eating until God gave it to them for food afterward.
    • The Magi did not come to visit Christ on the day of his birth at the stable. By then, some time had passed and Jesus's family is noted to be living in a house. Indeed, the story of Herod and the Magi is found in Matthew, whereas the story of the census and the inn is in Luke - nothing in Matthew suggests that Mary and Joseph did not live in Bethlehem before fleeing to Egypt (the two birth narratives, while not necessarily irreconcilable, have very few details in common).
      • On that note, Common Knowledge has it that there were three, and only three, magi. The bible does not specify a number, but speaks of a group, who give three gifts.
    • The Man of Sin from Revelations is considered by many to be The Antichrist. Not only is that a guess, but the Bible itself specifies that there are many antichrists and that they are among us this day, instead of One Big Antichrist.
      • Note that "Antichrist" in the Bible carries a different connotation than in everyday speech. In The Bible, an Antichrist is simply one who opposes Christ and his teachings.
    • Job's wife did not die. His children all died, and his slaves, but his wife is actually a minor character in her own right (Job's misfortunes all come in the opening chapters).
    • The sin committed by Adam and Eve is commonly said to be their consummation in the Garden of Eden. Actually, a sin in the Bible is defined as committing any act God says not to, and sex was not among the things they were told not to do; they disobeyed by eating the Fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil.
      • Almost any Catholic schoolchild will tell you the Fruit in question was an apple. The Bible, in any language, does not specify what it was. Jewish tradition claims it to be a fig, wheat, or grapes, and Islam sometimes holds that it was a pomegranate. The apple connection came from the Latin words for apple (malum) and evil (mālum), though some say it's because apples are usually the first solid food children eat in the Western world..
  • Many/Most of the examples listed under Sadly Mythtaken.
  • Oedipus killed his father and slept with his mother. While that is factually true, most people assume that he knew about this fact, which he didn't. He had no clue that the man he killed was his father nor that the woman he had sex with was his mother. His parents in fact had their son's fate foretold to them, so they left him for dead. He was then adopted and, once he reached adulthood, heard a similar prophecy and went to drastic lengths to avoid doing such horrible things to people he thought were his parents. He then got into a fight with a stranger and killed him, not knowing that it was the king of Thebes. He later married the recently widowed queen of Thebes as a reward for ridding the city of the Sphinx on his way to the city; some versions of the story have the queen wearing a necklace that kept her youthful, thus making it even less likely that Oedipus would think she was his mother. It was many years again before anyone learned the truth. The Oedipus Complex which is named after him doesn't help this misconception; in fact Freud might be solely responsible for it.
  • There is no singular "the" Buddha. "Buddha" is a state of being that very few can achieve, Siddhartha Gautama being among them, the only one within human history as we know it. This is why some Buddha statues depict an obese Chinese man rather than a thin Indian one; this is a tenth-century monk whose future incarnation is believed to be the Maitreya Buddha, who will end our age.
    • In fact Buddhism posits that everybody can become a Buddha, and furthermore, that it's the goal of every living thing. There are even Bodhisattvas, people who have achieved enlightenment but refuse to enter Nirvana until everybody else in the world has achieved the Buddha-state, as well.
  • Greek mythology does not state that Atlas was forced to hold the Earth on his shoulders. Atlas and his brother Menoetius sided with the Titans in the Titanomachy, the war between the Titans and the Olympians. After the Titans were defeated, Zeus punished Atlas for his betrayal by making him stand at the western edge of Gaia (i.e. the Earth) and hold up Uranus on his shoulders. Uranus being the husband of Gaia in Greek mythology, this had the effect of ensuring the two would never be able to embrace again. In classical art, Atlas is often depicted as holding up the celestial sphere. The misconception of him having to hold up the Earth possibly comes from the Farnese Atlas, which was a 2nd-century Roman marble copy of a Hellenistic sculpture that depicted Atlas kneeling with a globe weighing heavily on his shoulders.
  • Loki was a full-blooded jotun, not a half-jotun.
    • Also, the common belief that jotun = frost giant. They weren't all frosty and they weren't all giant.
  • Many Germans think the Nibelungenlied showcases how Siegfried battles a dragon and thereby wins a huge treasure hoard. In the original, the fight with the dragon is totally out of focus, being related only via flashback and covered in a single four-line stanza. Also, the fight with the dragon in is totally unrelated to the winning of the hoard. Both misconceptions result from Adaptation Displacement.

    Professional Wrestling 
  • Hulk Hogan gets a lot of flak for being an Invincible Hero, like André the Giant, during his WWF Title runs. However, he jobbed several timesnote  to put his opponent over as a viable threat for the title. Between 84 and 91 the supposedly never losing Hogan jobbed 137 times, and put over 3 dozen superstars note  . During his first run he would usually lose once or twice a month. He did even worse during his second run losing over a third of his matches. The only year in which he regularly wrestlednote  and had fewer losses then months was 88 which he spent the majority of without the belt. The reason for this misconception might be because champions in the mid-90's did tend to be Invincible Heroes. Contrast Hogan in 84-87 with Bret Hart's run as the top face a decade later note : during that time frame Hogan lost 55 matches and Hart lost 15.
    • It should be pointed out that most of Hogan's losses during that time period (especially in the WWF) were by countout, not from being pinned or submitting. Nowadays, countouts are considered a cop-out finish and rarely ever used.
  • Hulk Hogan tends to be remembered as much more squeaky-clean (if not boring) than his actions at the time would suggest. For instance, while 1984's Hulk vs. The Iron Sheik is remembered as a cartoonish battle of the All American Face vs. the Foreign Wrestling Heel, it's Hogan who starts the match with a flurry of cheap shots.
  • At Over the Edge 1999, no one watching on PPV saw Owen Hart fall to his death. He was being lowered to ring during a pre-taped interview segment backstage prior to the accident.
  • There are a lot of things that are common knowledge in the IWC which can easily be disproved by looking at things like ratings and sales figures. Like that the Invasion in 2001 was a ratings disaster despite the ratings showing that viewership actually remained steady and even went up a little during the angle until near the end when Real Life events drew people away from it.
  • Several people claim that Shawn Michaels gave up the WWF Title because he "lost his smile". However, they are confusing two very different promos that happened months apart. At Survivor Series 96, Shawn lost the belt to his one time friend Sycho Sid after Sid attacked Michaels' mentor and manager Jose Lothario; a week later, HBK gave an interview where the always upbeat former champion said the event caused to be afraid for his mentor's safety and it hurt him more than losing the belt, it made him lose his smile. Two months later, Michaels regained the belt at the Royal Rumble, but suffered a severe knee injury and needed surgery, so he would be out of action for at least six months and maybe permanently. He gave up the title in a Tear Jerker speech where he made a brief reference to the earlier promo.
    • it also became common knowledge that he only claimed to have lost his smile so he would not have to lose the title to Bret Hart at WrestleMania and did not even need surgery. This is strange for a couple of reasons: First, Michael's surgery was covered on TV - they even showed footage of him getting the operation done - and he walked with a cane on TV for several weeks while he recovered and returned to his old job as a commentator. Secondly, Hart was at the time the most booed face in the company after his 7 month vacation and feud with "Stone Cold" Steve Austin, so it is unlikely that they would give him the belt at the biggest event of the year; also, they did give him a brief reign by winning the Final Four and losing it the next night to Sycho Sid, so they could have easily had Hart as champion at Wrestlemania without Michaels, he just was not over enough to justify it.

  • Contrary to popular belief, Oakland Raiders Owner/GM Al Davis was neither a member of "The Foolish Club", the eight original team owners of the American Football League (AFL) nor was he the Raiders original head coach. Davis did not assume control of the Raiders until 1967. He was an assistant coach under Hall of Fame coach Sid Gillman for the Los Angeles/San Diego Chargers for the AFL's first three seasons (1960-1962), and head coach of the Raiders (hired by actual original Raiders owner F. Wayne Valley) from 1963 to 1965, before handing things over to John Rauch (Which is yet another bit of "common knowledge": John Madden was not Davis' immediate successor).
  • The so-called "Tom Brady Rule" (which prohibited a defensive player from hitting quarterbacks below the knee) was wrongly attributed to Tom Brady after his season-ending knee injury during the 2008 NFL season. It's unofficially called the "Carson Palmer Rule"note  (which Brady calls his knee injury in a interview with WEEI radio), which was passed back at the start of the 2006 season after Cincinnati Bengals QB Carson Palmer suffered the same injury during the 2005 playoffs against the Pittsburgh Steelers. The actual "Brady Rule" (which was passed back in 2009) was a clarification to the existing "Palmer Rule" by stating the following:
    Note 1: A defender cannot initiate a roll or lunge and forcibly hit the passer in the knee area or below, even if he is being contacted by another player.
    Note 2: It is not a foul if the defender swipes, wraps, or grabs a passer in the knee area or below in an attempt to tackle him.
    The Tom Brady Rule, Official NFL Playing Rules
  • The general consensus on the 2007 Spygate scandal is that the New England Patriots were cheaters. In actuality, the Patriots were punished for recording the New York Jets' defensive signals from an illegal location (i.e., the sidelines). Also, Super Bowl-winning coaches Jimmy Johnson, Bill Cowher, Dick Vermeil, and Mike Shanahan admitted to doing the same thing, and stated that the filming of the opponents' signals were common practice back then. Finally, the Patriots were punished after the rule prohibiting the recording of signals from an illegal location was passed at the start of the 2007 season.
  • Former Buffalo Bills kicker Scott Norwood is forever known for missing a 47 yard field goal ("Wide Right") in the closing seconds of Super Bowl XXV, and is dubbed a choker. Back then, only half of field goals at 40 yards on grass fields were successfully made, and Norwood was one-for-five throughout his career, according to stats shown on the original ABC broadcast.
  • Everyone knows that Mixed Martial Arts is the combat sport where there are no rules. Except that there are tons of rules. Just as many, if not more, rules than other combat sports like boxing and amateur wrestling. The misconception stems from the early days of the UFC, which had hardly any rules, but it did have a few.

  • One of the most well-known numbers from Chicago is the "Cell Block Tango", in which six women on trial for murdering their lovers protest their innocence, even though the audience knows better. Except... only three of them (June, Velma and the Hunyak, who is the only one of the six who actually is innocent) claim innocence of the crime. The other three freely admit to it.
  • "Pirate" is never rhymed with "pilot" in The Pirates of Penzance, even in the song about Ruth's confusion between the two words.
  • William Shakespeare's plays
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • While the famous line "O Romeo, Romeo! wherefore art thou Romeo?" is usually quoted right, more or less, most people are unaware of the true meaning, often believing that Juliet is asking "Where are you Romeo?" Note that "wherefore" does not mean "where", it means "why". Compare "therefore". In other words Juliet is asking why Romeo must be who he is, a member of the family with which her own family has a long-standing feud.
      • Also, "star-crossed lovers" is not a synonym for "happily ever after". It means they have crossed or defied their fates, the stars. They die.
    • Hamlet's "The lady doth protest too much, methinks" doesn't mean she complains in a suspiciously over-the-top manner. It means that she promises more than she can reasonably deliver.
  • Les Misérables
    • It does not take place during The French Revolution, but the song "Do You Hear The People Sing" is frequently assumed to refer to it. It does, however, take place during a French revolution (one of many) just not The French Revolution. A highly unsuccessful French revolution.
    • Jean Valjean was not an innocent man wrongly imprisoned, as a lot of people (including some of those responsible for the show) seem to believe. It was the length of his sentence (five years of hard labor for stealing bread to feed his sister's children) that Valjean felt was unjust, as well as the fact that he was given fourteen more years for repeated escape attempts, and that his ex-convict status made it impossible to find lodging or honest work when he was released.

    Tabletop Games 
  • Dungeons & Dragons examples:
    • The game was directly inspired by The Lord of the Rings, right? No, it wasn't. Gary Gygax hated Tolkien - he only incorporated elements such as halflings and treants on the insistence of his gaming group, who wanted to play as Frodo. He actually drew most of his inspiration from Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser.
    • D&D players gain extensive knowledge of historical armor types such as plate mail, chainmail, ringmail, splint mail, etc. Incorrect knowledge, to the point of Critical Research Failure. There has historically been exactly one type of armor made from interlocking rings, and its name is simply mail. Likewise, the correct term for "plate mail" is plate armor, and the one for "scale mail" is scale armor. But many more people have played D&D and its various derivatives than have a cursory knowledge of real-world armor.
    • The game is heavily steeped in the Occult, and the "deeper" you go into the game, the more you are called upon to actually recite Occultic prayers, cast real spells and summon real demons with incantations based on actual pagan rituals. None of that is true, and is all based on the completely made up testimony of Patricia Pulling, who blamed the game for her son's suicide and later claimed to be an expert on it while attempting to get the game banned.
      • There is a vanishingly small kernel of truth to the legend — in the First Edition DMG, there are template summoning circles, some of which look like they may have been cribbed from real-world thaumaturgy, depicted for summoning elementals (and not demons) in the DM's glosses on adjudicating spells. Gary Gygax most likely intended these as an Obvious Rules Patch to make summoning by his players' characters a bit more onerous, time-consuming and expensive (and to give the Killer Game Master some fun if the character screwed it up). These have been explicitly cited as "instructions on summoning demons" by groups looking to ban the game.
  • A Green Sun Prince from Exalted is not necessarily offered their Deal with the Devil after My Greatest Failure. This is nearly always the case, because it's in the nature of mortals to fail — especially in the sort of circumstances that would attract an Exaltation — but if, somehow, against all odds, they manage to succeed, the Infernal Exaltation doesn't just go away. It would take a very unusual person to accept under those conditions, but the offer is still made.

    Video Games 
  • In Fallout: New Vegas, choosing the Wild Card ending lets the Courier rule over New Vegas himself, as opposed to being a pawn of one of the main factions. Actually, it's called the Independent Vegas ending for a reason: no-one gets to rule, that's the point. Even if the player has bad karma he won't seize personal power, instead just opting for Anarchy Is Chaos. The final mission for the questline is even called "No Gods, No Masters", a term associated with anarchism.
  • The Legend of Zelda:
    • The series has no continuity or plotline, and is simply the same tale each time. In reality, even ignoring the series' complicated timeline, there have been direct sequels to individual plots. More recent Zelda games, like Twilight Princess and Spirit Tracks have included more and more references to earlier games, indicating Nintendo is aware of this criticismnote .
    • On that same note, "Link" is not a singular character, nor is Zelda. There have been many Links (who may or may not be related) and many Zeldas (who are all part of the same royal line note ). Only Ganon(dorf) remains the same person from game to game. You will hit a Fandom Berserk Button for claiming Link or Zelda is the same person in every game.
      • There is actually one instance of Ganondorf not being the same: The Legend of Zelda: Four Swords Adventures, which is in the Twilight Princess timeline. Several hundred years afte Twilight Princess he is born again in the Gerudo tribe, with no memories of his past life.
    • A lot of people seem to be under the impression that the multiplayer modes of Four Swords and Four Swords Adventures require four players (probably because of the title). In actuality they can be played with two or three people as well. So you don't have to worry about having to buy four GBA systems and cables if you only really want to play in a two or three player game. And Adventures can even be played single-player; so can the DSi port of Four Swords.
    • Also, the impression that Link found Navi annoying or hated her. While it's true that many players hate Navi, Link actually valued her as a true friend and cherished her companionship, and it's implied that the "friend" that Link is mentioned to be searching for at the beginning of Majora's Mask is Navi.
    • Speaking of why players hate Navi, that's also because of a misconception, since many believe that she constantly nags you to get back on track with the plot every five seconds. Actually, her reminders come about every 10-20 minutes real time, and she doesn't force you to view them. She doesn't say "Hey, listen!" as one line either - she says "Hey!" when she has something to tell you, then something else when you press the C-Up button to talk to her - "Look!" when pointing something out, "Listen!" when reminding you what you were supposed to be doing, and "Watch out!" when giving advice on an enemy.
    • People saying that Link is incapable of talking. He can talk, and it's implied that he is responding to NPCs, we just don't hear his replies (for instance, it's implied he says his name when someone asks it). Occasionally he speaks in the form of player-chosen responses. In the manga adaptations of the games, he talks all the time, and in Wind Waker he occasionally shouts "Come on!" (the only time in ANY game where he says actual words in voice rather than in text).
    • Link in The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past does not have pink hair. His hair was pink due to issues with getting the pallette to work on the Super Nintedo. All officofficial art clearly has him with a dark blonde color.
    • Link being an adult in his older designs is this. So far no Link has been shown above eighteen, the Age of Majority in many modern countries. The oldest Link is only seventeen and even if he was eighteen he'd just barely be an adult.
    • "Sleeping Zelda" is not the Zelda from the first game nor is she the one from Skyward Sword. She was the first princess to start the trend of "Princess Zelda" but not the first princess named "Zelda". On that note, not all princesses named Zelda are 'the' Zelda.
  • Continuing the Nintendo examples, Pokémon does have a canon plotline within the games. Pokémon FireRed and LeafGreen take place during the same time period as Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire; Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver take place around the same time period as Pokémon Diamond and Pearl (three years later). Gold and Silver are perhaps most notable for including the entire Kanto region from Red and Blue with references to the earlier games galore, while Ruby and Sapphire are more subtle with their references to the fact that Gold and Silver haven't happened yet. Abundant references to Johto in Diamond and Pearl led fans to the (accurate) assumption that Gold and Silver would be remade. Pokémon Black and White take place sometime after all other games; Cynthia references the events of Platinum and a Team Plasma Grunt references the failings of Team Rocket and Team Galactic. A canon timeline of the games has been released
    • Another Pokémon example: Not a single player character in the series is 10 years old. Not one. At least, it hasn't been specified. The only player character to have their age confirmed is Red, who is said to be eleven years old as of Generation I (and III). The reason the whole "ten years old" thing has been engrained in the public consciousness is because of the popularity of the anime, whose main character is 10. Eternally.
    • Nowhere in the games is it said that you must be ten to be a trainer or that all trainers start at age ten. In fact in the games you see trainers who are way younger than ten - think 4 or 5 years old at youngest and in Pokémon Black and White you begin your journey in your mid to late teenage years. Most trainers in the 4 - 11 year old range don't wander that far from towns or areas with a lot of people, it's the older teens and up who you see on journeys (like Ace Trainers).
    • Despite people associating Professor Oak for the "Are you a boy or a girl?" question, he wasn't the first one to ask it, nor was he the first professor to give the query. The question first appeared in Pokémon Crystal asked by a disembodied voice, as though it was the game asking you rather than Oak. The first professor who asked it was in fact Professor Birch.
    • All trainers get Pokedexes.. Except they don't. You're a special case, along with some other select trainers. Along the same lines, not every trainer gets their first Pokemon from the local lab. A few trainers mention that they got their Pokemon from a family member.
    • A lot of people, when imitating the style of the game's battles, misuse the phrases "It's super effective" and "It's not very effective". These phrases are only used in the games when attack moves do more or less damage than normal due to a type advantage. They aren't used with moves that only inflict status effects.
    • Nurses in the games do not look any more identical than nurses in Real Life. They just share one sprite, which Nurse Joy of the anime is based on.
    • It should be noted that many of the misconceptions about the game are true for the anime, and vice versa. To say nothing of the various other adaptations and derivative works, which may well have completely unrelated canon. So the Common Knowledge in many cases is just a form of "All variations of Pokémon have the same rules and background".
      • A huge one for this is Pokémon Speak. It's been decidedly the exception since day one in the games... and even in the anime, it only reaches the heights most people associate with the franchise in the dub version. In the Japanese version, Pokemon do use Pokémon Speak... but also frequently just use animal noises if it's appropriate to the type of Pokemon they are. FourKids inexplicably dubbed over almost every instance of this with more Pokémon Speak, and when The Pokemon Company took over, they were stuck with it for consistency.
    • It is common knowledge that Red, the first protagonist, is The, Silent Protagonist through and through. In reality Red has been heavily implied to speak, but we never really hear his dialogue. He also smiles in a good majority of the official artwork. It's also common knowledge that he spent three years on top of a mountain. In the games it's never stated he stayed on a mountain all this time. He could have been on his journey, ended up on the mountain training, and you came along.
      • Red's design is a bit of an issue. It's extremely, extremely common in fanart (especially yaoi or art making him a stoic Badass Normal) for him for have a more bishonen variant of his classic design; dubbdd "Pixiv Red" or "Uber Red" by fans. The major difference is he's older than depicted in any game and has straight hair. That design is used heavily in art for HGSS when Red's design has long since changed to a diferent brunette design. In recent years it's become more common to use his canon design, what with the backlash surrounding the fanon and anime/Pokémon Origins.
  • It's an often-held befief among fans that in Fire Emblem: The Sacred Stones, Erika and Ephriam get married in the Japanese version's "Where Are They Now?" Epilogue. While the game does have an awful lot of Incest Subtext, this is not true in the slightest. It's just a result of fans believing "any paired ending must be romantic, so the obviously censored it", despite there being several non-romantic paired endings, even in this very game. (Dussel and Amelia comes to mind)
  • Yet another Nintendo-related example: the console known as the Wii was never supposed to be called the "Revolution." This was a working production name, just like the "Dolphin" (GameCube) or "Nitro" (DS). However, due to Nintendo revealing a great deal of information about the console before it had a name, media sources were forced to use the name Revolution over and over again until the public loved it so much that when the actual, controversial name was revealed, there was a backlash.
  • Final Fantasy VII
    • Who killed Aerith? Sephiroth, right? Not exactly. It was Jenova, acting as his avatar. Sephiroth actually spends most of the game hibernating in the Whirlwind Maze. Of course, because that part of Jenova changed its form to appear as Sephiroth, and acted as a puppet of his will, you could say "it was Sephiroth" and technically, you'd be right. The "real" Sephiroth is only encountered twice in the entire game: once in the Whirlwind Maze and once as the final boss.
    • Similarly, it was the body of Jenova, shape-shifted to look like Sephiroth, which broke out of Shinra HQ and which the party was pursuing throughout Disc 1.
    • The various "clones" encountered in the game are actually the former residents of Nibelheim, injected with Sephiroth's cells and exposed to Mako energy in an attempt to create duplicates of the fallen super-soldier (or maybe just to give him some pawns to manipulate).
    • Speaking of Cloud, his characterization as "emo" is largely due to the perception that he was.
      • In the game proper, Cloud was a cocky punk who grew into a confident leader at the game's end, and that's after realizing that said "cocky punk" attitude was more of Zack's behavior that Cloud had imprinted onto his own memories. And while Cloud does have some moments of angst in the game (namely about how Sephiroth burned down Cloud's hometown and killed his parents, something Cloud would rightly want revenge for), the worst of it is after a massive Mind Rape that leaves him stuck in a wheelchair, babbling incoherently. And even then, after Tifa helps him snap out of it with a Battle in the Center of the Mind, Cloud stops angsting about everything and focuses on defeating Sephiroth to save the world.
      • Advent Children has Cloud suffering from the effects of Geostigma, and while Cloud is pretty whiny here, it's heavily implied that the disease is messing with his mind and he may even have Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. It stops him from applying boot to rear not very much at all. Notably, after the Geostigma is cured at the end of the movie, Cloud is seen smiling and happy.
  • The Blazing Star "YOU FAIL IT!" screen appears when you time out a boss, yes, but most people who have not actually seen the screen first-hand think it's part of a Non-Standard Game Over. In actuality, timing out a boss will simply take you to the next stage; the screen is just the game's way of telling you that you lose your end-of-stage bonuses for taking too long.
  • Mortal Kombat's Scorpion and Sub-Zero. One of the most bitter rivalries in gaming, right? Well, not really. Scorpion got his revenge over Bi-Han, the original Sub-Zero at the end of the first game. In Mortal Kombat II, we meet Kuai Liang, the new Sub-Zero (and Bi-Han's younger brother). Scorpion actually becomes the protector of this new Sub-Zero, to atone for killing his brother. Aside from briefly attacking him during the fourth game (due to being Brainwashed and Crazy), Scorpion remains watching over for the rest of the series (at least until the reboot, which goes in a different direction).
    • Daniel Pesina, the actor who played Johnny Cage and the ninjas in the first and the second game, was not fired from Midway because of the infamous Blood Storm ad that featured him as Cage . He was already out of the company by that point, leaving from it due to a lawsuit over royalties. So, the Ad, rather than being labeled as a very, very akward moment, might have been Pesina's snarky revenge against Midway.
  • Sonic the Hedgehog is often thought of as being aquaphobic. While this is canon in some adaptations, it isn't canon in the games. He simply can't swim and has the same fear of drowning that everyone else has, especially people who can't swim.
    • Also everyone knows that his love of chili-dogs became game canon in the Sonic Storybook Series.. Except it was made canon in Sonic Advance 3's Japanese manual. There's also some common misinformation about where his love for hot-dogs came from - the earliest known reference was in an early Sonic the Comic issue (though it was regular veggie dogs instead of chili dogs).
    • For a long time, it was rumored that Jaleel White, voice actor of Sonic in Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Sat AM and Sonic Underground, was considered for the role of Classic Sonic in Sonic Generations, but turned down the role or wasn't available. In fact, White tweeted that he was never approached by Sega about voicing Classic Sonic.
    • It also seems to be common knowledge that Cash Cash performed "Reach for the Stars" and "Speak with Your Heart", the main themes to Sonic Colors, even though it was only the singer, Jean Paul Makhlouf (and his brother Alex on "Speak with Your Heart") performing and not the entire band.
  • It's common knowledge that Poison and Roxy in Final Fight were made into transsexual women because Nintendo of America had issues with "violence against women." In actuality, Poison's true gender has been this since her conception. She is referred to as "new-half", the Japanese term for a transsexual woman.
  • Mario of the Super Mario Bros. fame is always viewed as using his head to smash blocks open in the games, which leads to people joking that Mario suffers brain damage or a similar injury by the end of the game. While not obvious at first, if one looks closely when Mario jumps, he raises a fist in the air as he jumps and his fist hits the block, not his head. Ironically, if Mario is using a power-up that lets him fly or he is holding something in his hands, he really does use his head to break block, but this is usually due to lack of proper animations. In official media, Mario always uses his fist to hit blocks from underneath, though Luigi actually does bash blocks with his head in Super Mario All-Stars + Super Mario World.
    • Bowser is also commonly believed to kidnapping Princess Peach just because he has a crush on her. While Paper Mario did show in Bowser's diary that he had feelings for Peach and Super Paper Mario had him very stoked that he was going to be forced to marry her, he never expresses those feelings anywhere else in the Mario franchise. At most, Bowser displays ambiguous feelings towards the princess and openly states that kidnapping her is what he does in order to lure Mario into his traps (or, in the instance of the first game, preventing her from using her magic to undo his changes to the Mushroom Kingdom).
    • Everyone "knows" that Mario's original name was Jumpman, but it actually wasn't. Before the character debuted in Donkey Kong, Shigeru Miyamoto called him "Mr. Video" and planned to include him in various different video games as cameos. And even before that, artwork of the character was labelled "Ossan", which is Japanese for "middle-aged guy".
    • Whenever Daisy's kingdom of Sarasaland is brought up, it is always said to be a kingdom that consists only a desert. However Sarasaland is made up of four different climates. Alongside the desert of Birabuto, there is the aquatic Muda Kingdom, Easton is made up of rocky terrian, and the Chai Kingdom is based on Ancient China.
  • Most online parodies of Double Dragon depict Abobo talking in Hulk Speak, despite the fact that the only time he ever did talk that way was in Battletoads & Double Dragon, a non-canon crossover which got Machine Gun Willy's name wrong and had a made-up villain in the form of the "Shadow Boss" (which was actually Jimmy Lee's title in the first NES game).
  • Everyone knows that in every Ultima game, Author Avatar Lord British can be killed using a glitch or an exploit in the rules. Actually, this is only true for some of the early games (and even then, in the first game, you didn't even need to do anything special to kill him as long as you could take on his bodyguards) - in the later games, the ability to kill Lord British is a deliberate Easter Egg. The greatest evidence against the glitch theory is in Ultima VII, where to kill him, you need to drop a specific plaque from on top of his castle walls right as he's walking under it, which is an in-joke to the real Richard Garriot being injured by a falling metal bar - all things that would be impossible to be done in the game unless the developers intended you to be able to do it.
  • Final Fantasy X has the infamous laughing scene that had generated a ton of hate from fans. Some fans also believe that the Japanese version of the same scene sounds better. It doesn't. The laughing in the Japanese version sounds just as out of place as the English version; in both cases, the awkwardness is intentional. The point of the scene was to show how forcing yourself to laugh or smile makes you look weird, as evidenced by every other characters' reactions to Tidus and Yuna laughing. In-context, Tidus had just learned that his father, Jecht, had become Sin, and was responsible for the deaths of thousands of people. Tidus's laughter, thus, is incredibly forced, because he doesn't have a lot to be happy about.
  • Whenever people bring up Super Mario Bros. 2 (the Japanese version which is also known as The Lost Levels in the overseas release), they mention how Nintendo refused to release the game due to its sheer difficulty. What people tend to forget is Nintendo of America wanted a different Mario game and believed the sequel to Super Mario Bros. was simply just a copy of the first game, thus people wouldn't want to play the exact same game again with new tweaks. (In fact the staff of Nintendo of America made a list called "Why Atari Failed" which outlined things which they must never do: releasing a tweaked version of an existing game as a new game was one of them.)
    • Also the myth that the game released as Super Mario Brothers 2 was a randomly chosen game given a graphic facelift. Doki Doki Panic was created by Shigeru Miyamoto, had many references to previous Mario games, and began its life as a sequel to Super Mario Bros.! It was changed to a licensed game for Fuji TV midway through the development process.
  • Several people believe that the Kingdom Hearts series is a franchise owned by Square Enix with many Disney characters thrown in as cameos. Well, the truth is that it's entirely owned by Disney. Not only that, all original properties of the series are owned by them, as well (yes, this means Sora is a Disney character). Disney hired Square Enix to develop the games. It's all in the copyrights, which generally reads © Disney. Developed by SQUARE ENIXnote . Furthermore, this was acknowledged in a 2004 Official PlayStation Magazine interview with Tetsuya Nomura (the director of the KH series).
    • The Final Fantasy and The World Ends with You characters are the ones making cameos, as Disney allowed Square Enix to include them in the Kingdom Hearts games. On a side note, anything Square Enix does with their own characters within the KH series is still owned by them, which is why Cloud, Sephiroth, and Squall can have their KH costumes in Dissidia 012: Final Fantasy.
  • Many bronies assume that the infamous shutdown of My Little Pony: Fighting Is Magic by Hasbro was because the executives believed that a fighting game based off of a series targeted at young children was inappropriate and proceed to cry hypocrisy whenever official Friendship is Magic media features violence. In reality, the C&D was no different than any usual lawsuit of the sort - it was just because the game was using Hasbro's characters unofficially, and it was getting too much publicity for Hasbro to ignore without risking losing their trademarks.
  • Many BlazBlue fans would assume that Ragna's out to free the world from NOL's tyranny by declaring that he'll take them on single-handedly. So yeah, Ragna is some sort of Robin Hood for the people oppressed by the evil empire NOL, which is about as vile as Palpatine's Empire, right? The more immersed player would gladly point out that Ragna is just minding his own business that is the destruction of the Cauldrons that NOL is operating instead of 'doing it for the people' and he just plows through anyone in his way, he couldn't care less about the other normal people who's fearful of his power (but he wouldn't attack them out of blue either). Oh and the NOL? They more or less aren't just your typical evil power hungry empire, their job in regulating the Armagus was actually important to the world tethering to near-destruction, snuff them out and there'll be a high chance that some madman takes the wrong Armagus and unleashes hell for everyone else. So as much as 'tyrannical' they became, they were actually a Well-Intentioned Extremist police force. They just had the misfortune of not knowing that one of their enforcers, Hazama, is actually Terumi Yuuki who's manipulating the whole organization for his own gain, and is on the top of Ragna's shit list.
  • In Persona 4, Nanako is not, as many people (even those who have actually played the game!) seem to think, the Protagonist's little sister. She is his cousin. Although it's easy to get confused, given that she refers to him as "Big Bro" constantly throughout the game, and Yu (the protagonist)'s title in Persona 4 Arena is "The Sister-Complex Kingpin of Steel", referring to his Big Brother Instinct towards Nanako.
  • The latter two installments of the Batman Arkham Series, Arkham City and Arkham Origins, both had misconceptions about their respective voice casts thanks to type 2 of Now Which One Was That Voice?.
  • Final Fantasy Tactics Advance has the main character, Marche, who is sucked into a fantasy world with his friends and he tries to find a way to return home while his friends don't want to go back. Many fans strongly believe that Marche was being a bully by forcing his friends to go home against their wills, even if it meant that they are miserable again and that his brother, Donned, is confined to a wheelchair again (he can't walk in the real world). In actuality, Marche actually attempts to reason with his friends and brother before he does anything else, but they all ignore him. Donned hires clans to fight Marche and capture him, Ritz eventually fights Marche herself to stop him from changing things back to normal, and Mewt uses all of his power as a prince to get Marche arrested. Ritz and Mewt eventually accept the fact that they can't stay in a fake world to run away from their problems and Donned even apologizes to Marche for going against him and is willing to go back home, even if it means he will be wheelchair bound again.
  • One regarding Shin Megami Tensei that's pervasive on this very wiki is the idea that whether the events of Shin Megami Tensei or Devil Summoner and Persona happen depends on whether the events of Shin Megami Tensei If happen. Not quite. The events of If... explicitly happen in both timelines. What makes the difference is whether they're noticed — in the Shin Megami Tensei timeline, the events are largely swept under the rug, leading to The End of the World as We Know It. In the Devil Summoner and Persona timeline, enough of the right people notice this event to realize the impending threat of demons and prevent nuclear apocalypse.
  • In Star Control, the Mmrnmhrm are a race of robots who have lost their memory and have no idea who made them or why. A lot of fans believe they were made by the Precursors. Actually, the game never gives even the slightest hint as to who made the Mmrnmhrm. And while the Precursors did create one of the game's races, it wasn't the Mmrnmhrm: it was the Mycon.
  • The Twisted Tales of Spike McFang has a persistent rumor surrounding it that the player character in the Japanese version ate hearts to recover health, but the Bowdlerised North American replaced them with tomatoes, turning Spike into a Vegetarian Vampire. Actually, the tomatoes are also in the Japanese version; it's just that kind of a game. (The game's Japanese-only predecessor, Makai Prince Dorabocchan, even has separate meters for hearts and tomatoes.) This seems to be the result of Gossip Evolution based on typical descriptions of the game comparing and contrasting it with more typical Action Adventure games like The Legend of Zelda, where Hearts Are Health (and Heroes Prefer Swords).
  • Portal, the cake is a lie. It's not! A short scene before the ending credits reveals, there's really a Black Forest cake somewhere in Aperture. Whether GLaDOS really intended to give it to Chell is another story.
  • Castlevania: Symphony of the Night has an ending screen with the quote "Let us go out this evening for pleasure. The night is still young." Many think this is a quote from Dracula, but it actually isn't. note 

  • Something Positive's creator R.K. Milholland gets a lot of complaints grounded in this trope from readers; the most common objection is "Your comic didn't used to be mean," despite the fact that the main character sent a coat hanger to an ex-girlfriend as a baby shower present in the first strip.
  • College Roomies From Hell's trio of male protagonists all acquired a mutant ability: Mike's arm was replaced with a superstrong tentacle, Dave got laser vision, and Roger got an eye in his hand (not his were-coyote nature, even though that's often mistakenly cited; he had that already). The confusion arises because this is what Roger uses when they have to fight, alongside the others' abilities, and because the eye in the hand hasn't been mentioned in a long time.
  • Penny and Aggie are not Canadian. In early strips, T and Gisčle put them in a purposefully ambiguous location on the Eastern Seaboard, and due to a previous collaboration by them set in Canada, many assumed this one to be set there as well, some ex-readers or (very) casual readers still so assuming. However, as strip became more plot-driven, T was forced to choose a side of the border, and the setting is now unarguably American even to someone who's only read the comic proper.
  • For Homestuck a lot of the time, all non-fans really know is that the main characters/most popular characters are the grey-skinned alien trolls. Nope - the trolls don't arrive until act 4 (after a couple of brief pesterlogs in act 3), and then not in person until act 5, and while they're not all minor characters they are definitely subordinate to the kids. Also, while they're certainly popular with the fandom, the fact that they show up so often in fanart is probably more to do with the fact that there are a hell of a lot of them, and that Andrew Hussie is very, very good at characterisation, so even the Those Two Guys equivalents have quite distinct personalities.
    • Hussie is good with characterization, but the trolls tend to have more fleshed-out characters with the kids, whose personalities are more archetypal. This is because, since there are so many of them, they need to have more to them to distinguish them from each other.

    Western Animation 
  • All Animation Is Disney. Only it's not...
    • The one movie that deserves special mention here is Anastasia, which is mistaken for a Disney movie so commonly that even some Disney wikis include articles on it. It was made by Don Bluth and produced by 20th Century Fox, not Disney.
  • Despite what anyone tells you X-Men: Evolution did not move the location of the Academy to California. It just took place in a...very California-like New York. Which admittedly is really odd because it's animated.
    • The same one from the live-action movies, apparently. Rogue states at one point that it never snows in upstate New York.
  • Steamboat Willie is often credited as the very first Mickey Mouse short. However, Mickey and Minnie appeared six months earlier in Plane Crazy, which was produced first, but Disney couldn't sell it. Steamboat Willie was the short that made a star out of Mickey because it was the first short to use sound properly, allowing him to stand out from other cartoons, which is why the short sold. On that note, it's not Pete's first appearance either; he was antagonizing Oswald and, before that, Alice.
    • Speaking of Mickey Mouse, many people think that he was only created by Walt Disney. Actually, he was created by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks.
    • On the topic of Oswald, it's often believed that after the rights to the character were taken away from Disney by Charles Mintz, Ub Iwerks was the only animator to stick with Walt and Roy after all of the others defected to Universal. In reality he was joined by two other animators (Les Clark and Wilfred Jackson, both of whom would become very important figures in the history of the studio) as well as by six ink and paint workers (one of whom was Walt Disney's wife Lillian).
  • On that note, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is not the first animated feature film. It is the first to be released in America, the first from Disney, the first to feature color and sound, the first to be what we now consider a "feature length" film (over 60 minutes), and the first to turn a profit and be successful, but other animated films were released in other countries before it.
  • With the release of the 2013 Disney Animated Canon movie Frozen, many people have commented how "ground-breaking" it is that the main female character's Love at First Sight and Fourth Date Marriage is deconstructed and discouraged. This builds on the assumption that such tropes are extremely common in Disney movies, while actually the last Disney movie that played these tropes straight was The Little Mermaid - in 1989. All Disney movies after that, Disney Princess movies included, either played with the tropes or avoided them entirely.
  • Two examples from the DCAU:
    • "Girl's Night Out", the episode featuring Batgirl and Supergirl against Poison Ivy, Harley Quinn, and Livewire, is commonly thought to be a Superman: The Animated Series episode, but in reality, it's officially a Batman: The Animated Series episode, according to both the episode list on the official website and the fact that it was on the B: TAS Volume 4 DVD set rather than Volume 3 of S: TAS (which included the last third of the series, including Supergirl's debut).
    • Another BTAS one was that Mary Kay Bergman's death in 1999 is the reason why Tara Strong replaced her as Batgirl for The New Batman Adventures, except The New Batman Adventures started airing in 1997, two years before Bergman's death and Batman & Mr. Freeze: Sub-Zero (intended for a release earlier that same year as a tie-in for Batman & Robin) came out in 1998, meaning the recast had nothing to do with Bergman's death as the recast predated it.
  • Transformers: Optimus Prime actually turned into a cab-over truck, not a regular truck. A cab-over is a special kind of truck which has a flat face and the cab sits above the front axle. A regular truck has the cab behind the axle giving the front an elongated look. The live-action films feature his alternate mode as a regular elongated truck because the animators found that, with their commitment to avoiding mass-shifting, a cab-over model resulted in an unimpressively-short Optimus; some subsequent adaptations, including Transformers Prime, followed its lead.
    • Prior to the live-action movies, several Optimus Prime toys were released in regular truck forms, most notably the Combat Hero Optimus Prime and Laser Optimus Prime from the Generation 2 line. Their only non-toy appearance was a brief appearance of the Combat Hero version at the end of the G2 comic.
  • Krang from the 1987 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles was not a Utrom. It's true his appearance was inspired by the Utroms, but he is himself a disembodied brain from another dimension. The Utroms are brain like creatures from another planet.
  • Scooby-Doo:
    • The main gang was never called "Mystery, Inc." or "Mysteries Incorporated". The actual "Mystery, Inc." name was derived from the "Mysteries Inc." cartoon block on Cartoon Network (aired back in the early 90s), which showed the Scooby-clone shows, but none of the Scooby-Doo shows.
    • While one episode of Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! did feature an amusement park owner called "Old Man Jenkins", he wasn't the culprit behind that episode's mystery, and the mystery didn't actually involve a Scooby-Doo Hoax. The episode's Monster of the Week was a humanoid robot named "Charlie" (originally built by Jenkins), which turned out to have been reprogrammed by Jenkins' sister to become hostile.
  • In Bronies: The Extremely Unexpected Adult Fans of My Little Pony, "Let's Go and Meet the Bronies" has John de Lancie refer to My Little Pony Tales as generation 2. Tales is actually an Alternate Continuity part of generation 1; the real generation 2 is the only generation without an Animated Adaptation.
  • In My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic, Derpy Hooves's obsession with muffins and association with delivering mail are never seen in the show. (She does say "Muffins!" at one point in an early episode, but so do about three other ponies at the same time.) She is, however, seen doing what appears to be moving company work in one episode, and wears a saddlebag with a muffin-shaped clip in another episode, though there is a separate pony who handles mail delivery in Ponyville.
  • Lauren Faust did not create The Powerpuff Girls and Fosters Home For Imaginary Friends. It was her husband Craig McCracken. She was a storyboarder for only a few episodes of Powerpuff and wrote a majority of episodes for Foster's.
    • Speaking of the Powerpuff Girls, the girls do not actually have striped dresses. The black part is supposed to be a belt.
  • Many people believe that in the U.S. Acres cartoon "Wanted: Wade", Wade rips a tag off of Orson's pillow. He actually ripped the tag off the bottom of Orson's couch, and there weren't any pillows on it in the first place! The confusion comes from a reccuring mistake in the episode that occurs right after the song sequence where the characters (including Wade himself) say it's a pillow he ripped it off of. Due to this, many people (including fans of the show themselves who have watched the episode and even the official Garfield website) say this is true.
  • One that seems to have started a bit more recently. A lot of people believe that the final episode of Tom and Jerry ends with the pair committing suicide together. While there is a cartoon where that is the implied ending, it was not the last one.
    • Also, it's Common Knowledge that Tom and Jerry never speak, with fans even using this as a reason to criticise their Suddenly Voiced nature in The Movie. While most of the cartoons have the duo silent, a fair number of the episodes have dialogue from one or even both of them, including Tom's infamous Accidental Nightmare Fuel "DON'T YOU BELIEVE IT!" and particularly the episode "The Lonesome Mouse", in which both characters have quite a lot of dialogue.
  • Looney Tunes: Wile E. Coyote fails to catch the Roadrunner because he comes up with overly complicated, intricate plans instead of trying a simpler strategy, right? Only if you consider "chase it down", "shoot it", "tie a rope around it and strangle it", "throw a rock at it", and "blow it up" complicated and intricate plans.
    • Also, few people know that Bugs Bunny does not, in fact, always win. He routinely loses to Cecil Turtle, has been beaten by Elmer and Daffy a few times and was once beat by a gremlin.
  • Because the musical number "Let's Make Music Together" from All Dogs Go to Heaven is widely known to be the Trope Namer for Big Lipped Alligator Moment (via The Nostalgia Chick), many people often assume that it's a completely out-of-place moment with no relevance to the plot, and that the singing alligator in question completely vanishes from the movie when the song ends. In fact, not only does King Gator reappear towards the end of the movie, he's the one that takes down Carface and saves Charlie at the climax. Basically, the BLAM isn't the Alligator himself, but the musical number.
  • The Flintstones: The cars were powered entirely by the driver running...except for the fact that in a lot of shots, no feet are visible below the cars. The feet were just used to get it started moving.

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