"My name is Sherlock Holmes. It is my business to know what other people do not know."
— Sherlock Holmes, The Blue Carbuncle
There have been numerous television adaptations of Sherlock Holmes
. See the main page
for a list. This page covers the franchise of television series produced by British television company Granada Television between 1984 and 1994, staring Jeremy Brett
as the titular Great Detective
. Of the 60 Holmes stories written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, 42 were adapted in the series spanning 36 one-hour episodes and five feature-length specials.
The first two seasons are referred to as The Adventures Of Sherlock Holmes
. These series co-starred David Burke as Doctor Watson, reversing the commonly held view of Watson as The Watson
epitomized by Nigel Bruce in the 1940s and 50s, portraying Holmes' biographer as a strong, intelligent, humorous but never bumbling man of action, often learning from Holmes in the art of deduction. Rosalie Williams proved a real gem as the long-suffering Mrs. Hudson, and the supporting cast was magnificent, including an early appearance by Natasha Richardson.
In The Return of Sherlock Holmes
, the producers pulled a daring but successful trick in changing Watsons, since the original Watson, David Burke, left for a variety of reasons. Edward Hardwicke replaced him, and though the two interpretations are different, both are extremely successful in challenging The Watson
For The Casebook of Sherlock Holmes
, after a three year break necessitated by Jeremy Brett
's health, professional difficulties and various projects, the series returned in 1991 under the oversight of the original producer, Michael Cox. Unfortunately, the number of truly strong stories left in the canon of original Holmes material had started drying up and some of the remaining strong ones needed a bust in the budget (travels to France for instance), leaving the production team an unenviable choice: stay faithful (the original mandate of the series) and pump out low quality episodes, or make quality television but deviate dramatically from the source material. They wavered between the two options during this series, resulting in an uneven six episodes. It was followed by a set of three tv movies featuring expanded adaptations
of short stories. The Master Blackmailer
(adapting the Adventure of Charles Augustus Milverton) The Last Vampyre
(adapting The Adventure of The Sussex Vampire), and The Eligible Bachelor
(mostly adapting the adventure of "The Noble Bachelor").The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes
was the final series, airing in 1994. At this point in time, Brett's health was massively unstable due to childhood heart problems, medication prescribed to deal with his bipolar disorder, and complications from chain-smoking his entire life. Adding to the performance difficulties (Brett could often only sustain seconds-long takes before collapsing) were scheduling crunches (the producer, June Wyndham Davies had originally wanted a year to do the series, but after Executive Meddling
was given scant months to scramble together scripts and productions schedules), leading to actor replacements (Edward Hardwicke, who played Watson, was unavailable for one episode, and Brett himself had to bow out for an episode, leading to the inclusion of Charles Grey as Holmes' brother Mycroft to replace both characters in two episodes).
The series as a whole is generally regarded as one of the most accurate attempts at depicting the original stories ever put to screen (barring certain changes in order to facilitate adaptation from print to television), and Brett's portrayal is often praised as at very least one of the best Holmes out there, if not the definitive portrayal. It is telling that the next major feature film adaptation
starring Robert Downey, Jr.
decided to take a jarringly different interpretation of the character to get out of Brett's shadow.
EpisodesThe Adventures of Sherlock Holmes
The Return of Sherlock Holmes
- First series (1984)
- A Scandal in Bohemia
- The Dancing Men
- The Naval Treaty
- The Solitary Cyclist
- The Crooked Man
- The Speckled Band
- The Blue Carbuncle
- Second series (1985)
- The Copper Beeches
- The Greek Interpreter
- The Norwood Builder
- The Resident Patient
- The Red Headed League
- The Final Problem
The Casebook of Sherlock Holmes
- First series (1986)
- The Empty House
- The Priory School
- The Second Stain
- The Musgrave Ritual
- The Abbey Grange
- The Man With the Twisted Lip
- The Six Napoleons
- The Sign of Four (feature length adaptation, 1987)
- Second series (1988)
- The Devil's Foot
- Silver Blaze
- Wisteria Lodge
- The Bruce-Partington Plans
- The Hound of the Baskervilles (feature length adaptation, 1988)
- The Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax
- The Problem of Thor Bridge
- Shoscombe Old Place
- The Boscombe Valley Mystery
- The Illustrious Client
- The Creeping Man
The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes
- The Master Blackmailer (1992)
- The Last Vampyre (1993)
- The Eligible Bachelor (1993)
- The Three Gables
- The Dying Detective
- The Golden Pince-Nez
- The Red Circle
- The Mazarin Stone
- The Cardboard Box
Provides Examples Of:
- Absentee Actor: Edward Hardwicke was off filming Shadowlands when "The Golden Pince-Nez" was in production, so Mycroft replaces Watson. An even more extreme example was Brett's illness preventing him from appearing in more than three minutes of "The Mazarin Stone" - again, Charles Grey stepped in as Mycroft.note
- Action Prologue: The opening of "The Final Problem". Holmes dodges carriages, masonry, and ruffians, all bent on killing him. Eesh.
- Adaptational Villainy: The eponymous Eligible Bachelor becomes a true villain, which he was not in the original story.
- Moriarty becomes the mastermind of "The Red-Headed League" as a nice bit of foreshadowing before the next episode, ''The Final Problem"
- Aerith and Bob: Jeremy Brett (a.k.a. Peter Jeremy William Huggins) and David Burke.
- After Action Patch Up: Watson for Holmes after the chase in "The Final Problem". Well, he is a doctor after all.
- After Action, Villain Analysis: Sherlock Holmes, remember? Of course there's going to be villain analysis when all's said and done.
- Alternate Universe: Technically, the series is this as they decided to leave Mary Morstan Watson completely out of the Adventures run and keep Watson a bachelor.
- Also, the episodes run in a very different chronological order than the stories/don't have much chronology at all, and both Holmes and (especially) Watson are many years older than they were in most of the stories, since the series takes place over the course of only a few years, while the stories take place over the course of more than two decades (even when not counting a handful of outliers that stretch it to nearly four decades).
- Badass Baritone: Holmes and Watson, though Jeremy Brett often pitched his voice higher to fit the canonical description of Holmes's voice.
- Bad Boss: When Moriarty's subordinate reports failure at the end of "The Red-headed League," just look at how scared the man is, and compare that to his earlier smugness.
- Beam Me Up, Scotty!: Subverted quite nicely - you really have to hand it to Granada for their cleverness.
- Holmes never once says "Elementary, my dear Watson." Instead, Watson says "Elementary, my dear Holmes" teasingly at the end of "The Crooked Man".
- Jeremy Brett smokes the non-canonical calabash pipe only on the trek through the Swiss Alps. Remember that the duo left their luggage on the boat train in England, so Holmes was probably happy to take whatever pipe he could get.
- The deerstalker cap is only semi-canonical, as Sidney Paget was taking a bit of artistic liberty with Doyle's description of a country-bound Holmes. For the first time in the history of Sherlockian film and television, Sherlock Holmes did not wear a deerstalker in London - only a topper or homburg. Brett's Holmes wore the deerstalker in the country ONLY, but, even then, the solid grey cap looks more stylish than practical (considering the original use for the design).
- Entirely averted with the Inverness - Jeremy Brett never wore it on-screen. He wore frock coats and greatcoats, and, when he was in the country, he wore a light grey longcoat.
- Beware the Nice Ones: Watson, as is fitting and proper.
- Big Bad / Diabolical Mastermind / Evil Genius: Moriarty. He even gets an extra appearance in the series, courtesy of a Fandom Nod.
- Big Word Shout: "HOOOLMES!"
- Watson, of course. It's really heartbreaking, because, of course, he doesn't get an answer.
- Bilingual Bonus:
- In "The Red-Headed League," Holmes makes two separate quotes in Latin and then French.
- "The Greek Interpreter" is made of this trope. Lots of Greek spoken here - even Holmes can speak modern, conversational Greek!
- "The Six Napoleons" is an interesting case; in the original story, Pietro Venucci is killed between scenes and his sister Lucrezia is mentioned once. In the Granada adaptation, Lucrezia has her own subplot, having several conversations with her father in Italian.
- "A Scandal In Bohemia" is one of the only dramatic Holmes adaptations where Irene Adler's name is pronounced as it would be in German. (ee-REN-uh AHD-ler)
- Bittersweet Ending: The end of "The Final Problem". The "sweet" part comes in when Watson demonstrates just how much Holmes has meant to him.
- Brick Joke: At the beginning of "A Scandal in Bohemia," the King of Bohemia ignores Watson's offer to shake hands; at the end, Holmes ignores the King's offer to shake hands, and Watson caps things off by shaking hands uninvited.
- Brief Accent Imitation: Holmes as a tramp in "The Norwood Builder".
- British Brevity: 7 episodes for the first season, 6 for the second. It doesn't get better in future runs.
- Chekhov's Gun: There's really no reason why we should see Holmes's silver cigarette case at the end of "The Red-headed League"... except for the fact that we then recognize it for what it is at the climax of "The Final Problem".
- Chekhov's Skill: We know Watson's a doctor, but the only time he uses his medical skills on-screen is in "The Greek Interpreter".
- Christmas Episode: "The Blue Carbuncle," complete with instrumental Christmas carols.
- The Coats Are Off: In "The Solitary Cyclist", Woodley slaps Holmes across the face. Holmes proceeds to calmly remove his hat and coat, hang then up and then lay a serious beatdown on Woodley.
- Color-Coded for Your Convenience: Holmes and Watson, as a matter of fact. Their clothing seems to very deliberately reflect not only their coloring but their personalities, as well. Holmes is ALWAYS in black or grey (but usually black) - the only episode in the entire series in which he wears a color (cream) is in "The Naval Treaty". Watson, on the other hand, tends to wear brown, or a warm shade of grey (except for the Christmas Episode, in which he wears blue).
- Cool People Rebel Against Authority: It doesn't get much better than this...
Holmes: You don't mind breaking the law?
Watson: (stoutly) Not in least.
Holmes: Or running the chance of arrest?
Watson (firmly) Not in a good cause.
Holmes: Oh, the cause is excellent.
Watson: Well, then I am your man.
- Costume Porn: The detail and authenticity of the clothing is just astounding. Irene Adler's dresses are utterly gorgeous.
- Curb-Stomp Battle: The drunken Woodley never has a chance against Holmes in "The Solitary Cyclist" - nor do the ruffians at the beginning of "The Final Problem".
- Darker and Edgier:
- Later Granada episodes would play this trope hard, but the most notable instance of it in the Adventures run is the ending of "The Greek Interpreter," which includes the run's one moment of Family-Unfriendly Violence.
- In "The Norwood Builder," the decoy bones used in the staged fire are human, rather than rabbit.
- Bravo to Granada. C'mon, Sir ACD, rabbit bones? Not even Scotland Yard could possibly mistake them for being a human's!
- Deadpan Snarker / Gentleman Snarker / Tall, Dark and Snarky: Brett's Holmes lives and breathes this trope, as befits the original stories.
- Death Glare: If Moriarty's doesn't freeze you over, nothing can.
- Disposable Love Interest: In a bit of canon revisionism, Watson doesn't propose at the end of "The Sign of Four."
- Disney Death: Holmes, although we don't know this for certain until "The Empty House" - apparently, Granada ended "The Final Problem" with the possibility that Holmes was dead in case their ratings weren't high enough to continue the series.
- Disney Villain Death: A Victorian example - Moriarty falling into the Reichenbach Falls.
- Distinguished Gentleman's Pipe: Holmes's veritable collection of pipes.
- As noted above, the one time he smokes the infamous calabash is on the trek through the Swiss Alps.
- Early Installment Weirdness: Watson's voiceover at the beginning and end of "A Scandal in Bohemia" did not become a trend, although he later would sometimes read aloud from his writing onscreen.
- Establishing Character Moment: Watson and Holmes's first scene together, in "A Scandal in Bohemia," is a beautiful establishing moment for them both. Watson is shown to be soldierly, stern, concerned for Holmes's wellbeing, and willing to listen to and put up with Holmes. Holmes, on the other hand, is shown to be careless with his health, easily bored because of his fast mind, absolutely dependent upon mental stimulation, brilliant, quirky, fond of "his Boswell"... And just look at him when he's sitting all folded up before the fire - it's a powerful image. He's just alone, and he'll always be a bit alone.
- Evil Counterpart: Not played so strongly with Holmes and Moriarty as in other adaptations - the closest we get to this idea is when Holmes tells Watson that Moriarty will do "what I should do. Engage a special train."
- In fact, Granada seems almost to stress Holmes's goodness in opposition to Moriarty's wickedness, quite different from other adaptations.
- Evil Laugh: See next trope...
- Evil Redhead: The handsome young Moriarty agent in the Mona Lisa backstory in "The Final Problem".
- Face Death with Dignity: Holmes's attitude towards Moriarty throughout "The Final Problem," and his farewell note to Watson.
- Fair Cop:
- In "The Norwood Builder," Lestrade is from the point that Holmes tells him he doesn't have all the evidence.
- In "The Red-headed League," Athelney Jones is this all the way.
- Fanservice: The bathing girl from The Six Napoleons, and the nude model from The Final Problem don't seem to serve any other purpose.
- Faux Affably Evil:
- Wilson Kemp again. The man just doesn't stop smiling, even when he's threatening terrible things!
- Moriarty starts out as this when he confronts Holmes at 221B. His attitude pretty quickly spirals down from there.
- Flashback: Used extensively, as per the Canon.
- Foreshadowing: There are moments of this throughout the run, but "The Red-headed League" takes the prize for being one big foreshadowing to "The Final Problem".
- Good Is Not Nice: Not always, in Holmes's case. He can actually be downright creepy, at times.
- Lestrade fits this trope for most of "The Norwood Builder". True, he's doing his job, but he comes across as a definite Smug Snake until Holmes reveals the true perpetrator.
- Gory Discretion Shot: We don't actually see Harold Latimer get torn apart by an oncoming train, but you know it happens when the door he was hanging from swings shut, devoid of Latimer and quite a bit of the window glass.
- From Watson's reaction, the victim is in an unsightly state at the beginning of "The Empty House," but all we see is the bloody sheet covering him.
- Held Gaze: Brett's Holmes is pretty good at this, conveying a lot of emphasis with his big hazel eyes.
- Heroic BSOD: Holmes's reaction to Irene's departure in "A Scandal in Bohemia".
- Heroes Want Redheads: Both Irene Norton nee Adler and Violet Hunter are redheads (if you count "chestnut" as red), and Holmes does seem to have some sort of attraction to them both.
- Heterosexual Life-Partners: Holmes and Watson.
- Homage: Holmes and Watson's first scene in "The Resident Patient," which is a retelling of a Doyle-written parody called "Watson Learns the Trick". In both versions, Watson is trying to apply Holmes's methods to deduce what is wrong with the detective. He has a bit more success in the Granada scene.
- Hollywood Darkness: in "The Empty House", the titular building is much more well lit than its pitch black book counterpart.
- Insistent Terminology: "Private [or "Unofficial"] consulting detective," thank you very much - as stated by Holmes in "A Scandal in Bohemia" and then by Watson in "The Red-headed League" as a possible Call Back.
- Insufferable Genius: Jeremy Brett plays this to perfection.
- Interface Screw: The screen goes blurry when Watson faints in "The Empty House."
- It's What I Do: Holmes's general attitude to praise after having solved a case.
- Jerk with a Heart of Gold: Holmes. He has his definite Jerk Ass moments, but it's equally clear that he has a good heart.
- Keet: Jeremy Brett's version of Holmes comes across as a very energetic, excitable, theatrical person trying desperately to maintain a facade as aloof and serious. Unfortunately, he had to tone it down in the later series because of his ill health. Then again, Jeremy Brett was a real-life example. He's waaay more light-hearted and flamboyant in interviews.
- Last Name Basis: Between Watson and Holmes, though it is briefly averted in "The Devil's Foot" after Watson drags Holmes out of the room.
- Love Makes You Crazy / Evil: Sophy Kratides in "The Greek Interpreter," courtesy of the script writers going for Darker and Edgier.
- Manly Tears: Watson, upon finishing Holmes's note at Reichenbach. Holmes also sheds some at the end of "The six Napoleons" after Lestrade tells him that Scotland yard really appreciates his work.
- Master of Disguise: Okay, so Brett can't disguise his voice very well, but, doggone, it's deplorably difficult to recognize him as that groom in "A Scandal in Bohemia"!
- He also uses a clergyman get-up twice in the run.
- Mr. Fanservice: Jeremy Brett is easily one of the prettiest Holmeses ever to grace Sherlockiana with his presence. David Burke is scarcely less easy on the eyes, one of the youngest and fittest Watsons yet at the time. Colin Jeavons' Lestrade is also pretty cute, as is the youngish actor who plays Athelney Jones in "The Red-headed League" (Granada would later use a much older actor for the same character).
- Nerves of Steel: Holmes and Watson. Yes, they share a lot of heroic characteristics.
- Nice Hat: Guess what kind of hat Jeremy Brett's Holmes is best known for. It's the hat you're most likely to see in promotional and cover photos. Can you guess? A sharp, black top hat!
- Nice Job Breaking It, Hero: Basically the gist of Holmes's remonstrance to Watson after Watson's attempted reconnaissance in "The Solitary Cyclist".
- Noble Male, Roguish Male: Watson and Holmes (though "roguish" in a gentlemanly sort of way).
- Not So Stoic: Do you know the only time Holmes ever looks like he's losing his cool? When he's facing Moriarty in 221B. Jeremy Brett's subtle expressions and gestures indicate that Holmes is rather unnerved, especially when he pulls his robe tightly around him and falters slightly while making his parting shot at Moriarty.
- Obfuscating Stupidity: The series' hypothesis about Watson. Here, he sometimes gets bits and pieces of Holmes' dialogue from the original stories, and can do the occasional Sherlock Scan with Holmes giving him just a few nudges in the right direction.
- Obstructive Bureaucrat: Inspector Gregson in "The Greek Interpreter," intensified from the original story.
- Offstage Villainy: Moriarty. The only crimes we see him masterminding are the Red-headed League and the Mona Lisa theft - the rest are left to the imagination.
- Older Than They Look: Jeremy Brett and David Burke usually look no older than forty, though they were about ten years older when the episodes were filmed. To turn this thing on its head, Holmes and Watson themselves ought to be Younger Than They Look, as neither of them would have been older than their thirties in most of these episodes.
- Old Friend: Athelney Jones' introductory attitude towards Holmes.
- Only Sane Man: It seems that Watson sometimes considers himself to be this. It's a justified belief.
- Orphaned Punchline: shows up in The Copper Beeches.
"...The piece of cod surpasseth all understanding."
- Overshadowed by Awesome / Sidekick: Watson's a pretty intelligent, capable soldier, but he always stands in Holmes's shadow.
- In real life, this was one of the reasons David Burke left the show, as he felt that he didn't really do much of anything.
- Peek-A-Boo Corpse: At the very end of "The Musgrave Ritual."
- Precision F-Strike: Holmes rarely swore in the canon, and Brett as Holmes swore even less. Thus, his spat-out "g-dd—n" after seeing the sniper across the street in "The Final Problem" carries a motherload of weight.
- The Reveal: "Watson, do you mind if I smoke a cigarette in your consulting room?"
- Running Gag: Holmes waking Watson up at all hours of the night and morning, much to Watson's annoyance.
- Holmes' loose intepretation of housekeeping, usually to Mrs. Hudson's dismay.
- Watson's appetite vs. Holmes' lack of interest in food.
- Scare Chord: Used in "The Empty House" when Lestrade shows the corpse to Watson.
- Scare 'Em Straight: Jeremy Brett's performance in climax of the "The Blue Carbuncle" is probably infamous for this - dashed if Holmes isn't going all out for scaring James Ryder straight!
- Scary Shiny Glasses: Wilson Kemp and Charles Augustus Milverton.
- Scenery Porn: Not just the detail of 221B and the Baker Street set, either, though Granada is very notorious for that. There's plenty of gorgeous countryside scenery, and the Granada crew was the first to film the climatic fight between Holmes and Moriarty on location at the honest-to-goodness Reichenbach Falls in Switzerland.
- Screw the Rules, I'm Doing What's Right: Holmes's retort to Watson's mild remonstrance at the end of "The Blue Carbuncle." After a startling outburst, Holmes explains that he "may be commuting a felony, but I am saving a soul."
- Signature Laugh: Not only is it one of the most adorable things about Brett's Holmes, it's one of the things his fellow actors remember the best about him.
- Sharp-Dressed Man: Holmes. He's almost never without his sharp black getup, so much so that Jeremy Brett called it the "damaged penguin" look.
- Sherlock Scan: It is Sherlock Holmes, after all.
- The makers would occasionally give Watson some of these to demonstrate that he wasn't the bungler of previous adaptations and had taken on some of Holmes' methods — a common variant would be for Holmes to make his usual lofty pronouncements about a visitor to 221B Baker Street and then for Watson to then politely explain to the appropriately astonished visitor exactly how Holmes reached his conclusions.
- Shipper on Deck: Averted. In the original version of "The Copper Beeches," Watson remarks at the end of his narrative that he was disappointed that Holmes didn't get romantically involved with Violet Hunter. At the end of the Granada version, Watson is reading his tale aloud to Holmes, and so the only hint we get as to any romantic sparks between Holmes and Ms. Hunter is the way he can't seem to help touching her hair.
- Shout-Out: To Paget's original illustrations, amazingly enough. Keen-eyed fans can spot moments where Paget's illustrations for the story are reproduced exactly, down to the furniture, and each person's position, pose and gesture. The illustrations to each story are usually displayed in a montage during the closing credits.
- In The Final Problem Moriarty's plot to steal the Mona Lisa in order to sell multiple copies to several bidders (which does not appear in the original short story) seems to have been inspired by the Doctor Who story City of Death.
- Smoking Is Cool: Brett makes Holmes smoking a cigarette look so utterly graceful, it shouldn't be legal!
- The Smurfette Principle: There tends to be only one or two females present in each episode - sometimes not even that.
- Sour Supporter: Inspectors Forbes and Gregson, of "The Naval Treaty and "The Greek Interpreter" respectively.
- Taking You with Me: When Moriartly literally pulls Holmes off the cliff with him in "The Final Problem's" version of the Reichenbach fight ("The Empty House" shows us an entirely different conclusion).
- Throw the Dog a Bone: The original ending of "The Crooked Man" has Holmes casually giving Watson the chapter and verse of King David's Uriah Gambit. In the Granada adaptation, Watson looks it up and catches Holmes out for looking up the reference beforehand, although the clue that tipped him off — he'd marked the page with a recent receipt — is so obvious as to look like a deliberate giveaway.
- Troubled Fetal Position: Holmes could be seen sitting with his knees close to chest at times when he has to go into deep thought.
- Unexplained Accent: Wilson Kemp, a British almost Dickensian name, played by George Costigan, a British actor. So What the Hell Is That Accent?? Sounds like Jim Broadbent in The Blackadder.
- Victorian Britain
- Victorian London
- Villain with Good Publicity: Averted to an extent with Moriarty. In "The Red-Headed Leauge", Inspector Jones knows exactly what Holmes is getting at, when he starts to realize that it is one of Moriarty's scheme. But the Inspector also notes that Scotland Yard really doesn't know much about Moriarty or what he even looks like, only that "his name echoes and re-echoes throughout the underwold."
- Villainous Breakdown: Moriarty, when he jumps Holmes at Reichenbach. The man is downright scary.
- Wag the Director: Holmes kicks his cocaine habit in "The Devil's Foot" because Jeremy Brett became concerned about the example the character was setting for younger viewers.note
- Worthy Opponent: Moriarty regards Holmes as this. Holmes's canonical reciprocation is curiously left out.