Ultimate Hunter Edition Blu-Ray: Now with a waxier Ahnold
Ah, digital restoration and remastering — a wonderful thing, really. It cleans up the picture quality, restores faded colors, gets the hisses and pops out of the soundtrack, oversaturates the colors, erases or thins out lines...
Wait, what?! Digital restoration tampering with the original footage? Blatant Lies
, you say?
Well, yeah, no, it's actually pretty true. Digital restoration is an expensive, time-consuming process. It's expensive
, takes a long time, requires careful attention and care... and did we mention it was expensive
Digital destruction is often the result of people in general having the tendency to want to just get the stuff out as quickly as possible, all with a "digitally restored/digitally remastered" label stamped on it to maximize profits
. That, or They Just Didn't Care
. Or worse, they didn't even know what harm they were doing to begin with. Or in some cases, the availible tech is very difficult to get good results from (ask a Photoshop or video pro and they'll tell you things like noise reduction are hard
to do without loss of detail).
Digital Destruction comes in several forms and can vary-from oversharpening to flat-out erasing lines of artwork in cartoons, removing whole sounds or dialogue, oversaturating the colors, Moire Patterns (fuzzy electrical patterns scattering around an image or drawing), increasing the contrast, etc.
All the same, stuff like this happens a lot with restored older films and especially older cartoons... and on occasion, this even happens (or happened) to newer cartoons (as mentioned by Ed Edd N Eddy
creator Danny Antonucci here
This happens with digital remasters of music as well. The most commonly known phenomenon is mastering at the volume levels of modern music
, creating excess limiting and distortion that sacrifice the cleanliness, clarity and overall dynamics of the sound, but there are plenty of other destructive practices used as well. These include drastic alterations of the frequency equalizationnote
that don't suit the source material, excessive noise reduction that sucks much of the detail and life out of the recording, and overuse of synthesized harmonicsnote
which replace the organic feel of the original recording with a cold, mechanical one.
Naturally, this is a great source of contempt for collectors, purists, and even the common customer alike (the ones that are savvy enough to be aware of it, anyways). It's the total opposite of a "great" restoration, in a nutshell.
The Trope Namer
is this article
from John Kricfalusi
's blog, in which he feels the restorations of old cartoons are actually ruining them, rather than making them better. (The specific issues he complains about result from over-zealous application of certain adjustments, namely color saturation and sharpening.)
Also see They Just Didn't Care
. Compare Remaster
. For the video game equivalent of this trope, see Porting Disaster
. In particularly bad instances of this, to preserve the way the footage originally looked you gotta Keep Circulating the Tapes
. Also see Visual Compression
open/close all folders
- The Dragon Ball Z box sets by Funimation. They were "restored" by cropping, oversaturating, and using too much DVNR; while leaving all the dust and scratches on the film intact. FUNimation's marketing even lied about some of the changes, like representing the original footage on the DVD extras using some of the remastered footage with artificial grain added; they also were convinced that viewers would enjoy 10% of overscan instead of 25% of the original image. Fans were outraged because not only were Japanese DVDs remastered frame by frame from first generation masters, but this was the first consistent video release by FUNimation.
- The Dragon Ball season sets also had some DVNR and saturation problems, as well as the picture being zoomed in to remove damage to the bottom of the film print (albeit it none of it was anywhere near as bad as the DBZ problems). Also, for some reason Funimation decided to half the frame rate of Dragon Ball movie 2 for the remastered box set release, resulting in an incredibly jumpy picture.
- Funimation later subverted this trope by bringing out the actual restored Dragon Box versions as well. Sadly, the Dragon Boxes were limited edition and are now out of print and the movies never released despite being announced, while the above-described sets are still kicking.
- For a little while it looked like FUNimation were finally going to release a lasting remastered version of the series with their surprisingly well transfered blu-ray releases, but these were put on hold after just two volumes. One again, the digitally destroyed version survives.
- Some of their early BD upscales of newer digitally animated anime suffered from loss of detail due to heavy-handed DVNR. The poster child for this is Samurai Champloo, which FUNimation tacitly admitted to when it was re-mastered for a later re-release (this new version was good enough that is was also used on the Japanese BDs).
- When FUNimation rereleased Tenchi Muyo! in Love as part of a box set with the other two Tenchi films on Blu-ray and DVD, they ended up releasing a version of the film that has horrific color-correction issues. All of the blues have been turned green (which also affects Sasami and Kiyone's hair colors; Lord knows how FUNimation overlooked that), the sepia-toned scene near the start of the film has been turned piss yellow, and somebody seems to have punched up the color quite a considerable amount, making the whole film eye-gougingly bright. The original 1997 DVD release from Pioneer Home Entertainment, however, had none of these issues, being a direct transfer from the original film negatives. For those interested, here◊ are◊ some◊ comparisons◊.
- A related phenomenon in the comic book industry was Theakstonization. To do reprints of pre-computer comics, you needed the original monochrome lineart so you can recolor using modern techniques. For many old comics, that art no longer exists — the only thing available is the actual comics. Therefore, you have to copy one of the comics and remove the color. Prior to the 1990s, the only economic way of doing this was to cut the pages out of an original comic, and bleach the color out, thus producing monochrome art. This process actually destroyed the originals, and could apparently reduce grown men to tears. In many cases, though, the cheap paper the books were printed on was crumbling away due to age, it was a rock and a hard place situation; destroy the physical book or risk the content being lost forever.
- Another way of digitally destroying old comics is to scan them at an inadequate resolution - that way lines will become pixellated and jagged when printed. Ironically, the problem becomes worse the better paper you print on, as a hard, high quality paper soaks up the ink less than a pulpy one. Some of this occurred in the Finnish completed works of Carl Barks.
- When a reprint of a comic is recolored using modern techniques, the opportunity for Digital Destruction is there. For example, the long-awaited Flex Mentallo hardcover collection is dramatically recolored, with saturation brought down across the board, and many objects recolored to be the same shade as their surroundings. Other objects are simply a different color (red vs. blue, for example) for no known reason.
- This was deliberate artistic choice rather than unthinking overuse of restoration techniques, however. Both Grant Morrison and Frank Quitely have been quoted as saying that the new version is closer to their original ideas.
- Universal Blu-ray Discs often get called the ugliest ever due to the studio's reliance on digital noise reduction causing the disappearance of fine textures.
- The 2004 Star Wars DVDs, despite being billed as digitally restored, received terrible color correction, de-saturating the soft colors of the original films into darker, more realistic lighting, and much of the clarity and detail of the original prints is lost in the process. See a comparison here, which claims this was the result of Lucasfilm ordering the color correction of the films to be done in a breakneck pace of 30 days.
- Darth Vader's lightsaber becoming pink is a particular standout for ridicule.
- Citizen Kane got an accidental taste of this. In one scene, out the window there was supposed to be rain; the person in charge of the film's restoration thought it was excessive film grain, so it was digitally edited out of the restored print. Later, the Blu-Ray boasted a new restoration, which brought back such details as the aforementioned rain.
- The original Bela Lugosi Dracula film has an odd one — at one point when Dracula throws Renfield from the stairs, in the original he's supposed to scream. On some VHS copies (or laserdisc?), the scream is either intact or removed, but on the 75th Anniversary DVD release the scream was once again cut out.
- In Monty Python and the Holy Grail, the mock-Scandinavian subtitle for the movie's title was missing in some DVD releases. (Thankfully, the rest of the subtitles during the opening were still there.)
- A Hard Day's Night has gone through at least two of these:
- The first was more Analog Destruction as it happened in 1982, back when film restoration was a new idea. The thing is, those restoring the film elected to convert the entire soundtrack to stereo on the theory that stereo is better than mono. (Modern fans of The Beatles strongly disagree, but the fandom was still redeveloping back then.) To cap it off, the restorers then threw out the original soundtrack, making a legit restoration impossible.
- There have been two attempts to restore the film since then, in 1996 and 2001. The 2001 restoration by Miramax deliberately tried to improve on the theatrical release. While the use of a modern theatrical aspect is understandable (the film did briefly air in modern theaters), they could've made the original aspect available on the DVD. It used the controversial 5.1 speech/mono song soundtrack (by this time, stereo would've been the best quality possible due to the 1982 restoration). And while we can't be sure that 2001's picture is less faithful than 1996's (if we could, then we wouldn't need film restoration as much), it's clear that they're using different greyscale keys. The 1996 edition frequently has what looks like light reflecting off smoke in the air (which may or may not have been in the original); the 2001 edition removes that and deliberately goes for chiaroscuro.
- As seen in the picture above, the second Blu-Ray release of the original Predator (from around the time Predators came out in theaters) relied so heavily on DNR, the movie boasts no grain, and Arnold Schwarzenegger looks more like a wax statue than a human soldier.
- The first DVD release of This Is Spinal Tap was missing the captions identifying the band members and the fictitious old TV shows.
- West Side Story suffered this a few times. The first DVDs released changed one of the color shifts in the overture from red to blue, to red to green to blue, and also lost the whistles that played after the Quintet. The latter change made the part where the screen changed from intense shades of red and black, to normal colors, in time with the whistling, look even stranger than it originally did. On the Special Edition DVD, the whistles returned, but the "Tonight" sequence plays with the audio out of sync. The 50th Anniversary Blu-Ray featured a restoration which corrected the syncing, but also has a flaw in which the screen briefly turns black during the red-to-blue color shift of the overture. The distributors of the Blu-Ray announced that they would fix this flaw in the near future, but their "fix" also leaves some people unsatisfied; the color change doesn't look as smooth as those that occurred during the rest of the overture. This video shows how smoothly the colors changed on one of the laserdiscs, while this showcases the transitions featured on the successive DVD and Blu-Ray versions.
- The 2004 DVD release of Mary Poppins featured an "Enhanced Home Theater Mix" audio track, which tampered the audio quite a bit, with nearly all of the sound effects replaced, and a few bits of new music added where there originally wasn't any. (Obvious examples include the wind when Mary Poppins is sitting on a cloud, the "Poof!" noise when the character jump into the chalk drawing, the thunder and lightning before it starts raining on the chalk drawing, and the fireworks following the "Step in Time" number.) Sadly, this version is also used whenever ABC Family airs the movie. Fortunately, Disney released a new DVD in 2009 with the new sound effects gone.
- Vertigo fell victim to something similar for its 1996 restoration. Universal had the audio remixed into six-channel DTS by dubbing new sound effects into the original music and dialogue. note However, by the time Universal decided to restore the movie again, for its 2012 re-release and Blu-Ray debut, technology had evolved to a point where they could remix the soundtrack while keeping the original sound effects.
- The Back to the Future Trilogy had scenes that did not require special effects filmed in 1.37:1, and matted to 1.85:1 for theatrical and laserdisc release. Unfortunately, the initial batch of DVDs for Back to the Future Part II and Part III matted some of these scenes in a manner that cropped out important details (such as the size-adjustment button and retractable sleeves on Marty's 2015 jacket).
- A mild example with E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial on Blu-ray that exposes some Special Effects Failure. The movie looks great but in some wide shots, like when Elliot introduces E.T. to Michael, you can tell it's a guy in a costume. It's apparent because in the next shot it's the expressive E.T. puppet, and the costume has a mask with a blank stare.
- The "Remastered" versions of the first three seasons of Red Dwarf suffered from horrific picture quality, due to a combination of low-quality source material, widescreen cropping, and a nascent "filmizing" process being applied to footage that wasn't shot with filmization in mind. For good measure, the restoration artists also wildly oversaturated the colour levels.
- The BBC DVD releases of the original Doctor Who have been criticised for this. Among the things that have been missed out during the restoration process on various stories are sound cues, music cues, certain special effect shots, and major hiccups with colour regrading. The team that does the restoration, when asked about these various mistakes, commented that because of the grueling release schedule set for them by the BBC they simply don't have the time to make sure everything is 100% okay, and so the mistakes simply have to be accepted by the buying public.
- A fault in the conversion process from PAL to NTSC caused the second disc of Patrick Troughton's "The Invasion" to look jittery and soft on Region 1 discs. To my knowledge, this has never been corrected.
- Generally, any show featuring music most likely taken from an old 78 RPM record (such as anything from the History Channel about the 1920s) might have gone overboard with the noise reduction on the music. If an 80-year-old performance sounds like it was recorded in the past 30 years, chances are half the band has been erased from the recording.
- Classic WWII documentary series The World at War was reissued on DVD and Blu-Ray in an "Ultimate Restored Edition". On the plus side, most of the archival war footage is remastered from the surviving 35mm or 16mm originals, descratched, stabilised and re-graded. What kills it for some viewers is that the image is cropped and scanned into widescreen.
- A number of shows (and cartoons) released to DVD by Mill Creek Entertainment play horizontally stretched from the standard definition aspect ratio of 1.33:1 to the HDTV aspect ratio of 1.78:1 when viewed with a Blu-Ray player.
- The Ultra Seven DVD set by Shout Factory has a redone soundtrack, with reverb added to most explosions, new sound effects created in some cases and the BGM volume screwed with.
- Happy about your Looney Tunes Golden Collection sets and Walt Disney Treasures stuff, as well as Disney's restorations of their films? If you're a hardcore animation fan, you probably aren't. The short collections by both studios frequently abuse the infamous DVNR process (Digital Video Noise Reduction, for the unenlightened) which either thins out or erases lines of artwork, and oversaturates the colors to the point where they lose their original contrast and/or start bleeding into each other. And while Disney's films don't use the DVNR process, they do have many noticeable problems — Bambi in particular has had the dark pumped up considerably, which destroys much of the original color contrasts, and if one looks carefully enough you can actually see strobing in the animation of the "restored" version.
- The Looney Tunes sets have a lot of issues with line thinning, and the colors are way too saturated. The few shorts that seemed to remotely escape this are "Transylvania 6-5000" and "What's Opera, Doc?" (and the latter still suffers from line thinning and horribly compressed sound). Vol. 1 and 2 in particular suffer from digital compression issues, particularly during a crowd shot in One Froggy Evening. Vol. 2 also used digital interlacing for a handful of shorts on disc 4, resulting in very flickery picture. Fortunately, a replacement program was issued for that particular disc.
- The first two of the single-disc "Looney Tunes Super Stars" DVDs include cropped widescreen versions of shorts originally animated in the squarish aspect ratio of 1.37:1. However, Warner Bros. got word of this and promised that the Super Stars releases would now contain an option to switch between full-screen and widescreen.
- The Yellow Submarine "director's cut" restoration by Miramax, like many modern Disney-related restorations, tries to lighten, brighten, or saturate colors; after all, if you're trying to clean up a color cartoon, you don't want dingy colors, do you? This would be a minor problem, except that it was done everywhere — including scenes in Meanie-occupied Pepperland. Yes, "faded color = grey" is starting to become a film convention; but it wasn't one back then, and even the hints of medium pastel are somewhat distracting to anyone who doesn't yet accept the convention.
- Curiously, in the 2009 DVD release of Disney's Pinocchio, Jiminy's line "Look out, Pinoc!" from the end of the "Give a Little Whistle" song has been edited out—apparently this was the result of a sound mixing error, as the line can still be heard in the films mono soundtrack, but not the remastered stereo soundtrack. Not an atrocity by any means, but anyone who was seen earlier prints of the film will take notice of this. Fortunately, as of April 2011, Disney started allowing owners of the Blu-Ray to exchange their discs for copies with the line restored.
- When The Lion King was rereleased for IMAX theaters, several scenes were altered and/or reanimated for unknown reasons. The later DVD releases promised to include a remastered version, which would include the reanimated scenes from the IMAX release and add a new song imported from the stage adaptation, and the original 1994 version... except the "original version" is identical to the remastered cut, though with "Morning Report" removed. Not really that big of a deal, but naturally, it drove the purists insane.
- For the Blu-Ray, not only did they retain the reanimated scenes, but in the scene where Simba begs his father's ghost not to leave him, the giant cloud formation caused by Mufasa's leaving has disappeared. Records claim this flaw also existed in the IMAX version, but Disney corrected it for the original DVD.
- The cloud was absent from the 2011 theatrical rerelease.
- The Woody Woodpecker collections (the two official sets, anyways) got a very nasty case of DVNR treatment — the ones that get hit the worst are the shorts directed by Dick Lundy (i.e., "the best shorts"). Curiously, the earlier, sloppier shorts were considerably less ravaged. The unofficial Columbia House mail-order DVD sets use the unaltered prints, however.
- The 70th anniversary DVD and Blu-Ray release of Max Fleischer's Gullivers Travels was "restored" by cropping the footage into widescreen and using a deplorable, blurry, DVNRed transfer! The 60th-Anniversary Winstar DVD release uses a far better transfer, but that version suffers from digital interlacing which causes a lot of frame ghosting.
- One DVD had a "restored" version that was aurally altered, with a new stereophonic soundtrack. The sound effects were redone, and the results were not seamless that one can painfully tell the difference between the mono and stereo versions without comparison!
- The "Bugville" DVD release of Mr. Bug Goes to Town is an inexcusably lazy rush job, marred by atrocious digital compression that makes it painful to even look at—you would think you were watching a bootleg of it, and it's supposed to be a official release!
- A stunning aversion of this trope would be the first official Popeye The Sailor DVD set, almost completely averting this Trope. Yes, almost — if one looks very carefully in certain bits of the shorts, there is some very mild line thinning and/or erasing that you would usually need to purposely look for in order to spot. And as John K. pointed out in his blog, the color specials have had some bizarre altering — "Popeye Meets Sindbad" has had the pink turned up considerably, and while "Popeye Meets Ali Baba" is very close to actual 1930s colors the purple bits in the cave have been pulled up. Also, when the Vol. 2 DVD set was released, they goofed up on recreating some of the title cards, and some of the shorts suffered from digital interlacing. This seems to have been rectified by a disc replacement program, thankfully.
- One particularly notorious example of Digital Destruction would be the infamous Betty Boop: The Definitive Collection series of VHS tapes and Laserdiscs. One only needs sit through one to tell that They Just Didn't Care — in every single short there is blatantly obvious, horrendous line thinning and erasing. This is the Trope at its epitome, and enough to make a grown man cry...especially when you consider this is the only official releases of all of the Betty Boop shorts!
- Another infamous case of DVNR would be the Eastern-only DVD release of "The Complete Tex Avery" — almost all of the shorts have been ravaged with horrible line thinning and erasing, almost making one wonder if the price of this import-only set is worth it, especially when it costs more than just getting a laserdisc player and a laserdisc copy of the released-in-America, un-DVNRed "Compleat Tex Avery" set.
- On a side note, the Tex Avery's Droopy DVD has some DVNR damage in four shorts, and it's only truly noticeable in two of them...although the collection shuns this Trope for the most part with the other shorts.
- The MGM Oneshot Cartoon "Tom Turkey" has blatant DVNR damage at several points in the film.
- In the original Disney film of Cinderella, she had orange hair and a silver dress. The DVD and Blu-Ray versions, however, have blatantly altered the colors to look a little closer to the Disney Princess merchandise (blonde hair and blue dress). Worse, some of the fairy dust and fabric creases disappeared◊ from her gown.
- Even John K. apparently couldn't avoid DVNR completely with the DVD release of Ren and Stimpy, as there's some noticeable line thinning and art erasing in bits of the episodes. This may have been why John K. got on this soapbox in the first place.
- The DVD release of An American Tail was horribly tampered with. Background music and sound effects were changed or added, new voice-overs were inserted, and the orphans who bully Fievel near the end had their voices re-dubbed for unknown reasons.
- The Blu-Ray release of Thunderbirds cropped the episodes into widescreen. This only serves to exaggerate picture shake and grain, which are very noticeable in the VFX shots.
- Warner's DVD of the Superman Theatrical Cartoons claims to include transfers from the original masters, yet still includes some changes. These include plastered end logos for several shorts, missing sound effects from two cartoons' opening credits, and an audible jump during the prologue of the first short.
- In the Blu-Ray release of Fantasia, many colors look drastically different from the original DVD, often using Orange Blue Contrast. Compare the DVD version of "Night On Bald Mountain" with the Blu-Ray version and you'll see that, among other things, Chernabog has been changed from black all over to purplish-blue and faint orange, and everything that was originally dark and ominous is now excessively bright. These comparisons suggest that for at least one segment, the DVD's color scheme deviates farther away from that used in 1940.
- The Blu-Ray of Beauty and the Beast has an unusual glitch altering the ending of the "There's Something There" number. Originally, it ended with the objects watching Belle and the Beast read by the fireplace. Since the extended version follows this song with a scene of the objects cleaning the castle, it now closed with the objects in the hallway, closing the doors to give Belle and the Beast some alone time. Selecting the "Original Theatrical Version" on the Blu-Ray changes the ending of the song to the objects about to close the doors, but abruptly cuts to a different scene before they shut. Frustratingly, the corrected transition currently appears only on the 3-D Blu-Ray.
- Rhino's original DVD releases of Jem suffered from an interesting case of this - they were taken from 35mm film sources, so they were sharp and detailed. Unfortunately, only the rough, uncorrected versions were on film, so the episodes on Rhino DVD have more animation errors than the TV broadcasts. They also redid the color timing, turning Pizzazz's neon green hair into an ugly "moldy mustard" green/yellow. The new release from Shout! Factory used the broadcast masters of the final episodes, so the color is more accurate and many animation errors are fixed, but because these were tape masters the video is less sharp.
- Like Jem, Rhino's DVDs of The Transformers utilized film sources containing sharp picture, but also some animation errors. Some episodes even ran shorter than originally broadcast because of Rhino's dependence on the filmed versions. On top of that, the soundtracks received 5.1 "remixes" containing additional sound effects. Shout! Factory decided to rectify this by releasing DVDs containing footage from the broadcast tapes spliced into the filmed episodes, which also play synced with the original soundtracks. The picture quality of these versions fluctuates between looking sharp and looking soft.
- The original DVDs of How the Grinch Stole Christmas! starred a Grinch with an unexpected mustard-yellow skin tone. When the special later turned 40, a new restoration turned the Grinch's fur back to its natural green.
- Universal's DVD of the 1972 Animated Adaptation of The Lorax gave the Lorax brown fur for half of the cartoon, as opposed to orange. Warner eventually rectified this by releasing a Blu-Ray where the Lorax's fur has a consistent shade of orange.
- Likewise, for the DVD release, the smog-polluted skies throughout the cartoon became soft and bluish, as opposed to originally have a more convincing plum colored hue.
- Many South Park DVD collections add motion blur which, given the show's animation style, is especially noticeable.