J.D. Sheldrake: Ya know, you see a girl a couple of times a week, just for laughs, and right away they think you're gonna divorce your wife. Now I ask you, is that fair?
C.C. Baxter: No, sir, it's very unfair... Especially to your wife.
The Oscar-winner for Best Picture of 1960, The Apartment
stars Jack Lemmon and Shirley MacLaine
, and was directed, produced, and co-written by Billy Wilder
A lowly office drone, C.C. "Buddy Boy" Baxter (Lemmon), has just found the solution to getting up the corporate food chain: let the corporate bigwigs use his apartment for their extramarital affairs. His boss, J.D. Sheldrake (Fred MacMurray), discovers this, and promotes Baxter on the condition that he lets him use the apartment for his own affair. Naturally, Baxter accepts the condition, but things turn very complicated when he finds out his crush, Fran Kubelik (MacLaine), is Sheldrake's other woman.
The film would later go on to be adapted as the 1968 musical Promises Promises
This film provides examples of:
- Academy Award: Won five awardsnote out of 10 nominations.
- Better Living Through Evil: What Sheldrake gives Baxter.
- Break Up Make Up Scenario: When Baxter proves to Fran that he is a "mensch".
- Bungled Suicide: Baxter tells Miss Kubelik he attempted suicide once, and ended up accidentally shooting himself in the knee.
- Catch Your Death of Cold: Baxter is forced to sleep in the park for hours until someone is through with the apartment, and he gets a nasty cold and fever.
- Chekhov's Gun: "...And I've already taken a sleeping pill so I'm afraid the answer is no?"
- The key to the executive washroom.
- Then inverted with the only actual gun, establishing Billy Wilder's absolutely mastery of all things trope.
- Corrupt Corporate Executive: J.D. Sheldrake.
- Deliberately Monochrome: Until Schindler's List, this was the last black and white film to win Best Picture.
- Did I Mention It's Christmas?
- Dogged Nice Guy: Baxter
- Drowning My Sorrows: Baxter, when he learns Miss Kubelik is Mr. Sheldrake's other woman.
- Especially Zoidberg: This exchange:
Baxter: You're not going to bring anybody to my apartment.
Sheldrake: I'm not just bringing anybody; I'm bringing Miss Kubelik.
Baxter: Especially not Miss Kubelik.
- Grew a Spine: Baxter eventually refuses to loan his apartment to Sheldrake again, and quits instead.
Sheldrake: What's gotten into you, Baxter?
Baxter: Just following doctor's orders. I've decided to become a mensch. You know what that means? A human being.
- I Uh You Too: Baxter confesses his love to Miss Kubelik while they play Gin Rummy. She responds with this classic line:
"Shut up and deal."
- Interrupted Suicide: Miss Kubelik tries to kill herself when she realized Mr. Sheldrake didn't really love her back. Baxter and Dr. Dreyfuss prevent her from becoming an example of Driven to Suicide.
- Karma Houdini: The four executives who were using Bud's apartment. They take advantage of Baxter, cheat on their wives with ridiculous frequency and in the end only Bud gets punched in the face.
- Last Name Basis: Bud and Fran always refer to each other as "Miss Kubelik" and "Mr. Baxter", in and out of the workplace; even when he tells her that he loves her, he uses her last name. Lampshaded by Dr. Dreyfuss:
"Mister, Miss. Such politeness."
- Love Triangle: Baxter loves Miss Kubelik, Kubelik loves Sheldrake, Sheldrake just wants a bit on the side. In the end Miss Kubelik leaves Sheldrake when she hears that Baxter finally stood up to him, and goes running to Baxter's apartment.
- Maybe Ever After: "Shut up and deal."
- "We'll send him a fruitcake every Christmas."
- The Mistress: Miss Kubelik.
- Moral Myopia: The other executives — who are cheating on their wives and depriving Baxter of his home whenever it suits them in order to do so — get outraged and act as if they're the ones being wronged when Baxter finally pulls the plug for them.
- New Year Has Come: The film climaxes at midnight.
- Nice Hat: Baxter gets a bowler hat after his promotion.
"It's what they call the 'junior executive' model."
- Opening Narration
- Pretty in Mink: Miss Kubelik has a coat with a huge lynx collar.
- Race for Your Love: In the end, Miss Kubelik leaves Sheldrake on New Year's Eve and runs to Baxter's apartment.
- Recycled Premise: Billy Wilder decided to write a movie about a man who lends his apartment to adulterers after watching Brief Encounter, and becoming intrigued by how willingly the male lead's friend would let him carry out an affair in his flat.
- Santa Claus calls in at the bar where Baxter is drowning his sorrows, but his cheerful wisecracking is no match for the glum stare that Baxter gives him. At the end of the night we see Santa himself sitting morosely at the bar, all alone. So much for Christmas in New York!
- Screen-to-Stage Adaptation: Adapted as the Broadway musical Promises Promises, with a book by Neil Simon, music by Burt Bacharach and lyrics by Hal David.
- Shout-Out: The shot where the camera swoops in to find Baxter at one in a sea of desks is a homage to King Vidor's 1928 silent classic, The Crowd.
- Sleeping with the Boss: Miss Kubelik. Who, as she learns from Miss Olsen, is only the latest in a long string of office conquests for Sheldrake.
- Stalker with a Crush: Baxter's rather unnervingly thorough knowledge of Miss Kubelik hints at this.
- Sudden Principled Stand
- Take That/No Celebrities Were Harmed: The Ditz that Dobisch takes to the apartment is a thinly veiled lampoon of Marilyn Monroe. Billy Wilder had earlier directed Monroe in The Seven Year Itch and Some Like It Hot, and didn't think much of her professionalism. Lampshaded when Dobisch even mentions that the girl looks like Marilyn Monroe.
- Trailers Always Spoil: The original trailer almost immediately reveals the movie's closing scene.
- Unfortunate Implications: Deliberately invoked in-universe when Sheldrake hands Miss Kubelik the money.
- Unsympathetic Comedy Protagonist: Baxter, at least initially.
- Urban Legend Love Life: Baxter's neighbors see all the girls cycling through the apartment and come to the conclusion that he's The Casanova.
- Verbal Tic: The office workers in the film have the habit of adding -wise to words. At one point, Baxter even says "otherwise-wise".
- The tagline on the movie's original poster: "Movie-wise, there has never been anything like The Apartment love-wise, laugh-wise, or otherwise-wise!"
- Wilder and I.A.L. Diamond's screenplay ends thusly, following Miss Kubelik's "Shut up and deal" line:
"Bud begins to deal, never taking his eyes off her. Fran removes her coat, starts picking up her cards and arranging them. Bud, a look of pure joy on his face, deals — and deals — and keeps dealing.
And that's about it. Story-wise."
- Yiddish as a Second Language: Dr. Dreyfuss encourages Baxter to "be a mensch", while Mrs. Lieberman opines that the bad weather "must be from all that mishegoss at Cape Canaveral".
- Your Cheating Heart