"I'm full of tinier men!"A form of replication in which a container holds a smaller version of itself. Sometimes, the smallest container holds a surprise for the person who goes through the trouble of opening all those layers. Super Trope to Nested Mouths and Recursive Ammo. Compare to Nested Story and Recursive Reality.
— The Living Doll, The Tick
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Anime & Manga
- In Yu-Gi-Oh! ZEXAL, Housaku Yasai uses move a called "Tomato Matryoshka" which allows him to summon another "Tomato Matryoshka" from his hand or deck when it is Normal Summoned.
- Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann. The titular mech is the size of a galaxy, piloted by Choginga Gurren Lagann, the size of a moon, piloted by Arc Gurren Lagann, the size of a mountain, piloted by Gurren Lagann, the size of a house, controlled (mostly) by Lagann, the size of a large golf cart, piloted by Simon, the size of a man. Simon pilots himself.
- Turned Up to 11 in the movie edition, where the titular mech pilots Super TTGL, which is the size of several galaxies (TTGL makes up about the size of Super TTGL's head).
- In Axis Powers Hetalia, Santa went missing one year, so the nations helped by delivering presents themselves. Japan filled his gifts with games and boxes nested inside larger boxes.
Kid: (opening his presents) "Whoa! More boxes are in this box! No matter how many boxes I open, there're more inside them, Dad! It's like a matroyska doll!"
- Used in the Wowser episode "Slap Happy Birthday" when Wowser finds a birthday present from Ratso on his doorstep, which turns out to be one of these, only for Wowser to find an itty-bitty (explosive) bone after taking all of the boxes out of the other.
- In a The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers comic, Fat Freddy brought home a shrink-wrapped package of marijuana. It had another layer of shrink wrap inside, which had another layer, which had another... although just before Franklin and Phineas would have killed him for spending their drug money on plastic bags, there was indeed a tightly compressed bag of marijuana at the very center.
Films — Animation
- In How the Grinch Stole Christmas!, one waiter serves a tray containing another waiter, and so on, until a tiny one gives Cindy Lou Who a strawberry.
- One of the toys in Toy Story is a nesting egg.
- The Nightmare Before Christmas:
- A Mr. Hyde character that keeps a smaller Hyde under his hat, who in turn has a smaller Hyde under his hat.
- A nested doll appears in the "Making Christmas" sequence, the smallest doll of which contains a live scorpion. (We never see it opened.)
- In Ice Age: A Mammoth Christmas, Scrat gets a giant acorn from Santa, which opens up to reveal another acorn inside, and another, and another and another, until eventually he gets the real (small) acorn in the middle.
- The closing credits of Cars 2 showed Fillmore, Sarge, Luigi, and Guido as nesting dolls.
- One of the Misfit Toys in Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer is a clown nesting doll, whose smallest doll contains a wind-up mouse.
- The present Donald Duck receives from Jose Carioca and Panchito Pistoles at the very beginning of The Three Caballeros.
- In Rise of the Guardians, Badass Santa Nicholas St. North challenges Jack Frost by asking, "What is your center?" He uses a Matryoshka doll of himself to illustrate his point. Each consecutive shell reveals a facet of his personality; powerful, jolly, mysterious, until he shows the center doll, which has a baby-face with wide eyes to illustrate his center, his sense of wonder.
Films — Live-Action
- The Cat in the Hat: The Cat has Little Cat A under his hat, who has Little Cat B under its hat and so forth. Underneath Cat Z's hat is the "Voom", which unleashes some kind of Reality-Breaking Paradox effect only for when the Godzilla Threshold has been reached (in the case, cleaning up the yard).
- Inverted in The 500 Hats of Bartholomew Cubbins (also by Dr. Seuss): Cubbins' hat contains an identical hat. Removing the second hat reveals a third hat, which also looks exactly the same. At hat 451, the hats actually start to get bigger.
- In Cory Doctorow's Someone Comes to Town, Someone Leaves Town, three of the protagonist's brothers are Matryoshka dolls in the literal sense (by the way, his father is a mountain, his mother a washing machine and two of his other brothers are an island and an undead ghoulish thing), so when the one with the actual digestive system goes missing, the other two start to starve.
- In The Third Policeman, one of the policemen occupies his time making boxes which contain perfect smaller replicas of themselves. The protagonist is highly disturbed by this.
- In the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "The Chase", Picard's old archeology professor brings him a Kurlan naiskos as a gift. An ancient relic, the figure opens up to reveal several smaller versions of the figure inside.
- In the Community Christmas Episode "Abed's Uncontrolable Christmas", a gift labeled "Meaning of Christmas" has two nested boxes inside. Inside the last one is a DVD of Lost, which represents "lack of payoff".
- Speaking of Lost, Howard L. Zukerman keeps diamonds a nested doll in the episode "Exposé".
- The TV version of Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy has a traditional Russian one in its intro. Each doll is revealed to have an irate expression until the final one, which is blank. This is reflecting the search for a Russian mole at the heart of MI-6.
- In Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger, the Humongous Mecha are nested in each other, each releasing the next-smallest. Sadly, the toys can't do that.
- In one episode of the classic Doctor Who, the Master disguises his TARDIS as a police box, and the Doctor materializes his TARDIS around it. Somehow this results in a large number of TARDISes-within-TARDISes, with the "innermost" one opening to a hitherto-nonexistent back door on the original TARDIS.
- In one episode of Castle, Castle and Beckett have to check Eastern European shops to try to find a candy bar the victim had (so that they can hopefully identify her). Beckett tells the captain Castle "had to buy something in every shop!" He's then seen showing off a set of new nesting dolls, gleefully explaining that they defy the laws of physics because "Just when you think there can't be another one..."
- An episode of The Big Comfy Couch had Loonette and Major Bedhead unwrapping an extra large package that Auntie Macasar had delivered, only for every box to progressively contain a smaller box. Inside the smallest box were some extra small toiletries for Molly.
- In The Librarians Koschei's Needle is a dagger hidden with a series of nesting chests, each a different color.
- One of the "good" things listed in "Definition of Good" by They Might Be Giants is "Thing that's stored in a larger version of itself".
- TNA had Sports Entertainment Xtreme, a Power Stable so large it had other power stables inside of it. This is likely a something TNA picked up from AAA, which has had stables of comparable size such as La Sociedad, though the latter was a joining of multiple stables rather than one that formed internal groups on its own.
- Stacking takes place in a world of Matryoshka dolls, so this counts for everyone in it.
- In Final Fantasy VII:
- The Grangalan outside Costa del Sol can spawn smaller versions of itself known Grangalan Jr. for the second generation and Grangalan Jr. Jr. for the third and smallest generation.
- The Black Materia is contained within the Temple of the Ancients. When the party goes in and discovers it, they discover it is actually a replica of the real thing, and the real Black Materia is actually the Temple itself that contains it.
- Tweedle Dee and Tweedle Dum from American McGee's Alice can open up and spawn smaller, weaker copies of themselves.
- Some treasure chests in Donkey Kong Country games are like this, and the inner chests are inexplicably the exact same size as their containers.
- In Kid Icarus: Uprising, this is one of the forms Thanatos assumes during his boss fight.
- In Devil Survivor 2, the manifested Dragon Stream is one of these. It's a segmented "dragon" made up of heads linked by Nested Mouths. When you beat Mizar, it ends up swallowing Mizar along with every head in the chain until the last is left.
- One of the enemies in Alien Hominid is a bunch of robotic Russian Doll bears that fight you partway through the boss.
- In Paper Mario: Sticker Star, the boss of World 4 is a gigantic ice statue of Bowser. Once you deplete its health enough, it breaks apart, only to reveal an identical, smaller statue within. This continues until you uncover the one controlling it, a Mr. Blizzard.
- Star Ruler allows people to design their own starships, then adjust the ship size, from smaller than a Coke can to larger than the galaxy. It's possible to build a size 2000 carrier which has docking space for a size 1500 carrier, then a 1000, then a 500, et cetera. With Quantum Compressors, the trope can be Inverted - it's possible to build a ship with a storage space larger than the ship itself, allowing ships to vomit out progressively larger ships.
- The Mammoshka boss in Mario & Luigi: Dream Team. It's a mammoth like creature inside a whole horde of mammoth like shells each slightly bigger than the one inside it. The actual creature even turns out to be less than half the size of the thing you start out facing!
- Ultima makes this a signature of the Guardian's magic constructs, with nearly all of them being hollow geometric objects containing a smaller copy of themselves inside.
- In The Binding of Isaac, it's possible to open a chest only to find another, smaller chest inside of it. This can potentially happen multiple times in a row, leading to smaller and smaller chests.
- The Battling Blowfish in Mii Force is a giant pufferfish robot. After you break it's blue outer shell, it reveals a smaller, red one, after that there is still a yellow one inside.
- You can get a couple of them to decorate your home with in AnimalCrossing: New Leaf. Gulliver will give you a traditional, 3-piece set as a souvenir if he asks you trivia about Russia, and if you build an anatomically satisfactory snowman, it may thank you by sending you a 4-piece snowman family set in the mail. Both can be opened out in a row or tucked back away by touching them.
- 'SCP Foundation'':
- SCP-641 ("The Pacifier"). SCP-641 appears to be a normal matryoshka doll, but the dolls are extremely thin and the total number of dolls inside is unknown (it's at least 3,228, and may be infinite).
- SCP-1917 ("The Armour Maker"). SCP-1917-1-36 through SCP-1917-1-42 are duplicates of Russian-made T-34/76 tanks that were created by SCP-1917. Each successive tank is 20% smaller than the previous one, and they were designed so they could be nested inside each other.
- One episode of Blue's Clues has Steve opening a present with an increasingly smaller present inside each one.
- The Living Doll from The Tick has this superpower, hence the page quote.
- In the Daffy Duck & Bugs Bunny cartoon The Million Hare (1963), Daffy and Bugs compete to win a prize. The prize turns out to be a "million box"... which proves to be Exactly What It Says on the Tin: an enormous wooden crate, with one million tiny cardboard boxes inside. Each of the little boxes contains a $1 bill, but Daffy doesn't find out until after he ceded the prize to Bugs.
- In "Knight-mare Hare", a sorcerer turns Bugs into a horse, but Bugs is able to remove it like a costume. Later, Bugs uses the same spell on the sorcerer, but when the sorcerer tries to remove the horse costume, he finds himself wearing an identical costume underneath, which has another costume underneath, and so on.
- One Tom and Jerry short, "Safety Second", has Tom cornered by a large firecracker. Instead of blowing up, it breaks apart to reveal a smaller firecracker, which then reveals a smaller firecracker, and so on until all that is left is a tiny firecracker. Tom holds it in his hand and places it on his nose, and then it blows up in a huge explosion.
- A similar gag happens in "Yankee Doodle Mouse" except that Tom holds the firework up instead of placing it on his nose.
- A couch gag in Season 9 of The Simpsons has Homer run in front of the TV alone and the top half of his body pops off to reveal Marge. Inside Marge is Bart, inside him is Lisa and inside her is Maggie.
- The Playhouse Disney series Higglytown Heroes featured characters whose appearance was modeled on these types of dolls.
- In Ultimate Spider-Man, there's a Doombot that contains a smaller Doombot which contains a smaller Doombot and so forth - all of them nasty, right down to the mouse-sized one. They get loose on the SHIELD helicarrier.
- In one scene in The Mr. Men Show, Mr. Scatterbrain does this.
- There was a Mr. Bogus claymation short where Bogus finds a large fruit on the kitchen counter, but each time he cuts it open, the peeling falls apart to reveal a smaller fruit inside, and so on, until he is forced to settle with eating the tiny fruit found in the center.
- The Family Guy episode "Spies Reminiscent of Us" has a gag where Stewie becomes one of these when he arrives in Russia.
- In the Mickey Mouse (2013) short "Dancevidaniya", Mickey gives Minnie a nesting doll, with the innermost doll being a Faberge egg twice the size of the largest doll. Later, When Mickey confronts Pete, he opens himself up like a nesting doll and out comes multiple Mickeys who outdance Pete into submission. At the end, Mickey produces a full-size sleigh with horses from the Faberge egg.
- Mickey Mouse encounters a door-based variation of this near the end of The Mad Doctor. He comes up to a door and opens it and four other doors apparently all on the same hinges, but the sixth one won't budge. Mickey decides to ram it, but gets outsmarted by the door's judo skills.
- Why, the matryoshka dolls themselves! A common variation of them is a matryoshka with faces of various Russian leaders, usually from Lenin to Putin.
- Plastic nesting cups, a popular baby toy in America, are just a cup version of these.
- By definition, baby mammals are smaller versions of their parents.
- Marsupials bring up the analogy to perfection.
- Aphids take this Up to 11. The females are actually born pregnant.
- Marsupials bring up the analogy to perfection.
- Nested functions are common in computer programming.
- A common prank/trick at Christmas is to wrap a special item within multiple layers of boxes.
- This is also the basis of the game "Pass the Parcel" — a prize is hidden within multiple layers of packaging and is passed around while music plays. When the music stops, whoever's holding the parcel gets to remove one layer.
- A more sinister example are the MIRVs, Multiple Independently-targetable Reentry Vehicles. These are missiles that hosts many smaller missiles inside them. They may be armed with nukes.
- The smallest scale of model railroad, Z scale (1:220), can be used on larger model railroads to represent a model railroad. Yes, a model railroad featuring a model railroad. XKCD had fun with this idea.
- Telescopic antennas are a textbook example of matryoshka principle in technology.
- The Temple of Kukulcan in the Mayan ruins of Chichén Itzá, Yucatán is a Matryoshka pyramid, with at least two smaller pyramids in it. There are a few theories as to why it was built that way. A new pyramid could have been built simply as a renovation of the old one, or alternatively, built to erase the past from the city’s memory with the arrival of a new leader. It's quite possible most of the Mayincatec pyramids are like this, beacuse why demolish or repair such a structure when it'd be much easier to simply build a new pyramid on top of the old one?