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Useful Notes / Oceania

http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/oceania_3233.jpg

Big Brother is... Sorry, not that Oceania.

Oceania is Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands. It's a political continent rather than a geographic one, because it's not a huge landmass but a collection of islands and atolls. On the other hand, Australia is considered a continent in its own right. To confuse the terminology further, Oceania is often considered part the Asian region (but not the continent).

The islands are divided in three zones: Melanesia being the islands north and northwest of Australia (Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Australia's Norfolk Island, etc.); Micronesia, the micro-islands north of Melanesia (Federal States of Micronesia, Palau, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Wake Island, etc.) and Polynesia, with a lot of islands (New Zealand, Tonga, Tuvalu, Samoa, Cook Islands, Easter Island, Hawaii, French Polynesia, etc.).

You might also hear the term Australasia, this being Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea (the whole island) and some neighbor islands, including some of Indonesia. Sometimes Australasia is used the same way as 'trans-Tasman', to refer to Australia and New Zealand alone.

Regarding tropes, there are few of them here. Why? The islands have achieved independence only in the 70's and 80's. With the exception of the biggest three,note  every single country here has less than a million people, and most have less than 200,000.

Do not confuse with Oceania from 1984, which comprises mutually exclusive territories.

Countries:

Australasia

Capital: Canberra
Largest City: Sydney
Capital: Wellington
Largest City: Auckland

Melanesia

Capital & Largest City: Suva
Capital & Largest City: Port Moresby
Capital & Largest City: Honiara
Capital & Largest City: Port Vila

Micronesia

Capital: Palikir
Largest City: Weno
Capital & Largest City: Tarawa
Capital & Largest City: Majuro
Capital & Largest City: Yaren
Capital: Ngerulmud
Largest City: Koror

Polynesia

Capital & Largest City: Apia
Capital & Largest City: Nuku'alofa
Capital & Largest City: Funafuti

Other entities

Capital & Largest City: Avarua
Capital & Largest City: Alofi

Territories:

Capital: Pago Pago
Largest City: Tafuna'
Capital: Papeete
Largest City: Faaa
Capital: Hagatna
Largest City: Dededo
Capital & Largest City: Noumea
Capital: Kingston
Largest City: Burnt Pine
Capital & Largest City: Saipan
Capital & Largest City: Adamstown
Capitals: Nukunonu, Atafu, Fakaofo
Largest City: Fakaofo
Capital & Largest City: Wake Island
Capital & Largest City: Mata-Utu


http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/UsefulNotes/Oceania