Useful Notes: Oceania

Big Brother is... Sorry, not that Oceania.

Oceania is Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands. It's a political continent rather than a geographic one, because it's not a huge landmass but a collection of islands and atolls. On the other hand, Australia is considered a continent in its own right. To confuse the terminology further, Oceania is often considered part the Asian region (but not the continent).

The islands are divided in three zones: Melanesia being the islands north and northwest of Australia (Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Australia's Norfolk Island, etc.); Micronesia, the micro-islands north of Melanesia (Federal States of Micronesia, Palau, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Wake Island, etc.) and Polynesia, with a lot of islands (New Zealand, Tonga, Tuvalu, Samoa, Cook Islands, Easter Island, Hawaii, French Polynesia, etc.).

You might also hear the term Australasia, this being Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea (the whole island) and some neighbor islands, including some of Indonesia. Sometimes Australasia is used the same way as 'trans-Tasman', to refer to Australia and New Zealand alone.

Regarding tropes, there are few of them here. Why? The islands have achieved independence only in the 70's and 80's. With the exception of the biggest three,note  every single country here has less than a million people, and most have less than 200,000.

Do not confuse with Oceania from 1984, which comprises mutually exclusive territories.

Countries:

Australasia

Capital: Canberra
Largest City: Perth
Capital: Wellington
Largest City: Auckland

Melanesia

  • Papua New Guinea (Sometimes considered part of another region, such as Australasia or Indonesia)
Capital & Largest City: Port Moresby
Capital & Largest City: Honiara
Capital & Largest City: Port Vila

Micronesia

Capital: Palikir
Largest City: Weno
Capital & Largest City: Tarawa
Capital & Largest City: Majuro
Capital: Ngerulmud
Largest City: Koror

Polynesia

Capital & Largest City: Suva
Capital & Largest City: Yaren
Capital & Largest City: Apia
Capital & Largest City: Nuku'alofa
Capital & Largest City: Funafuti

Oceania contains many small territories of Western powers, such as:

  • American Samoa
  • Cook Islands (NZ territory)
  • French Polynesia
  • Guam (US territory)
  • Hawai'i (US state)
  • New Caledonia (French territory)
  • Niue (NZ territory)
  • Norfolk Island (Australian territory)
  • Pitcairn Islands (British territory)
  • Tokelau (NZ territory)