"Stay away from people like me..."
"A fellow prisoner once told me he will kill my family, cut out my tongue, eyes, burn off my skin with acid and shut down my business. Well, he The Mafia
did kill my family. But I still have my eyes, tongue, skin. Most important: I'm still in business. Because I understood the man. So, I was ready. See, we Russians don't make threats—only promises."
— but Russian!
OK, that's not exactly accurate.
While mobsters existed in Tsarist Russia
and the Soviet Union
(a lot of people in The Gulag
were actual criminals by objective standards), they really exploded with the collapse of the Soviet Union. There was widespread unemployment, many ex-military men
and others with the right skill-set for this sort of thing, but no work.
Old KGB men and lots of abandoned military hardware quickly found themselves both with new homes. Note that before The Great Politics Mess-Up
, it was kinda taboo in The Mafiya to accept people who once wore uniforms and shoulderboards of any kind. After WWII, when the majority of Soviet male population (including the crooks) served in the Red Army, it even caused a major internal conflict in the gulags
, called "Bitch Wars" (Сучьи войны Suchyi voyny
), when the vory v zakone
refused to welcome back their former peers who fought in the war. But, after the USSR fell, this restriction became mostly obsolete—even mobsters with rules are still mobsters and won't turn down a golden opportunity to make money.
Russian mobsters engage in all the activities that the Italian mobsters do. However, they are frequently depicted in a much more openly ruthless, sadistic, brutal and vicious fashion than the Italian Mafia, without the thin veneer of class and sophistication
that many depictions
of the Italian Mafia have built up around the organisation
. This is often explained
by them being tough enough
to survive and prosper in the underworld of both the Soviet Union and post-collapse Russian society, neither of which were/are exactly healthy environments for milquetoasts to begin with. These days, many of the biggest Organisatsiya potentates are actually worming their way into government positions: not for nothing is The New Russia
sometimes known as a "mafia state."
"Organizatsiya" ("The Organisation") is the name the Russian Mob outside of Russia use for themselves. In Russia proper, they are called "Bratva" ("The Brothers"). Members are called "tolkachi" ("pushers") or "bratki" ("bros"). There's a subtle distinction in terms:
- Low-level bros may be recruited from the population of petty street Gang Bangers called gopniki (more of them below).
- A bratok is a low-ranking mafiya soldier. These are stereotyped as extremely stupid and sometimes tastelessly flamboyant.
- An avtoritet is a "middle manager" of the Bratva. Usually an old, crusty, experienced bro who proved to be smart enough to survive and outlive his peers.
- A vor v zakone (lit. thief in law) is a high-ranking mafiya member, like an Italo "wiseguy". Traditionally, vory v zakone lived by an ascetic code of conduct that forbade having a family or large living expenses. By now, this code is a thing of the past. Another dying tradition is that because by the old proverb the prison is the home for a thief, no crook should be made without a prior conviction. Becoming a vor v zakone is a ritual that is often called "coronation" by the Mafiya members. Nowadays it's often enough to endow the "obschak"note with a large sum of money to be crowned. There is no Capo-equivalent boss rank in The Mafiya. The most powerful Russian criminal masterminds are simply the older, smarter vory v zakone, with no special fancy title. Because Communism.note
- A tolkach (possibly an outdated term) is a nonviolent crook with big connections, who uses these connections to help people for a price. Unlike The Don of an Italian Mob, a tolkach doesn't directly command lesser bros, but he knows many people who do. In modern times, these people are more associated with government graft than The Mafiya proper.
- A suka or ssuchenniy (literally "bitch") is any former member of the mafiya who tries to reform and aid the law. These are the enemies of any mafiya members, and that's why you should never call any Russian criminal a "bitch".
- In the years following WWII, avtomatchiks (lit. "riflemen") were the crooks who fought in the war and then got back in prison for old or new crimes. The vory considered them a kind of suka because of the aforementioned taboo.
Mafiya members have a system of symbolic tattoos that reflect their position in the hierarchy and their history of crimes and prison terms. It even has symbols for "snitch" and "prison sex slave"; these are usually tattooed forcibly, as is to be expected. Prison gang culture was historically very important to the mob, because in the Soviet Union no professional criminal could hope to evade imprisonment for long. All prison gangs in The Gulag
were branches and schools of the mafiya, called blatnye
; no vor v zakone
could be made who had no prison education, and someone with no prison history at all was limited to gopnik or bratok status. Today, as many quaint Soviet traditions, this one is gone, and in most prisons, the guard-sponsored suki
gangs have more influence than the blatnye
During the years following the collapse of the USSR, The Mafiya was very prominent in Russian life, running many protection rackets that most small to medium businessmen had to deal with. Even now, it's far from being gone, though crooked police officers
are the ones running most protection rackets now, not The Mafiya.
Something no western media and little Russian media touches upon is "Fenya" - a highly extensive Thieves' Cant
that makes true Bratva dialogues indecipherable to civilians. Western productions have more than enough problems
with regular Russian, and Russian productions would have to rely on Footnote Fever
or assume viewers have extensive knowledge
of the criminal world. However, knowledge of the criminal world is not that rare in Russia, and the average Russian who was in conscious age during the 1990s, especially an ex-gopnik, will understand Fenya, if a bit erratically.
Note there are also Russian Gang Bangers
, called gopniki
The name comes from "gop-stop" (a Fenya term for mugging) and the same "nik" suffix as in "beatnik". They are not part of The Mafiya, but rather your garden variety petty criminal youths from the Wrong Side of the Tracks
, speaking badly bastardized Fenya mixed with the Russian equivalent of the Cluster F Bombs, speech spiced with a lot of
", practicing street robberies, vandalizing buildings and beating the crap out of gopniki from another 'hood. Some of them eventually grow into full-size bros. Some don't. There were several famous gopnik gangs during the Soviet era, such as the Lyuber gang from the town of Lyubertsy, Moscow Oblast, or the Furagi, from Kuybyshev (currently Samara). But after the Union fell, there were just too many gopniks that formed non-distinct gangs in every neighborhood of every city.
Aside from the Bratva proper, there are also ethnic mafiyas in Russia, mostly from the Caucasus. Some of them follow the usual Bratva mold, but are even more vicious and ruthless. Some (most famously the Chechen Mafiya) do not, and are even worse.
See also: Yakuza
, Former Regime Personnel
, The Mafia
, The Triads and the Tongs
, The Cartel
, The Irish Mob
and Red Scare
. Often the Ruthless Foreign Gangsters
in works set after 1991.
Anime and Manga
- In Black Lagoon, the Mafiya is represented in Roanapur by Hotel Moscow, a group of ex-Airborne Troops led by The Baroness Balalaika. It's heavily suggested that the criminal nature of Hotel Moscow is just a front for having a large, well-trained and self-sufficient special forces unit with plausible deniability in a potentially "hot" region. Just look at Balalaika's connections!
- The manga Sanctuary has them show up near the end.
- Simon and Dennis from Durarara!! In their past, that is. Later volumes introduce Slon note and Vorona note .
- In Nikolai Dante, the new Russian aristocratic houses are descended from old Mafiya clans.
- The comic "Blue Estate" features Russian mobsters operating from the West Coast of the US. Some members are vor and have visible Russian prison tattoos.
- The Mafiya play a huge part in The Winter Men.
- The Punisher seemingly kills Mafiya as often as he does Mafia. They tend to be slightly more competent than the usual goons.
- In the 2012-on Hawkeye solo title, Hawkeye gets into a feud with a bunch of dumb but dangerous Russian gangsters who are responsible for street-level crime in his neighbourhood.
- Eastern Promises features a group of Russian mobsters in London.
- Janus aka Alec Trevelyan aka 006 from Golden Eye and Valentin Zukovsky from Golden Eye and The World Is Not Enough.
- Ivan Checkov and the Russian mob dudes from The Boondock Saints.
- The Russian mob dudes from Rock N Rolla.
- The Brooklyn-based mob in Little Odessa that has the protagonist working for it as a hitman.
- They feature early in Lord of War, operating from Brighton Beach.
- The 1988 Walter Hill film Red Heat.
- Plays a role in Blues Brothers 2000.
- The Russian mob feature prominently in the action movie The Jackal where they hire the title character, a hitman to murder the First Lady, in retaliation for the death of the mob boss's brother during a joint US-Russian arrest.
- Featured in Training Day where Alonzo has a debt to the Russian Mob. He doesn't pay it back in time.
- A drunk chap called himself the Russian Grim Reaper in Bad Boys 2.
- In the remake of The Italian Job the most feared gangsters are Ukrainian.
- Playing God, starring David Duchovny, has Estonian gangsters.
- In 25th Hour, Monty's associated with them, despite being of Irish descent himself.
- In 2012 it is strongly implied that Curtis Jackson's Russian boss became a billionaire through less-than-legal means in one scene, although the movie never really follows up on it. Given that this is frequently the case in Real Life, though, it's not much of a stretch.
- Boris the Bullet Dodger (a.k.a Boris the Blade) in Snatch is, as pedantically noted at several points, actually from Uzbekistan, but that doesn't stop pretty much everyone in the movie from thinking and speaking of him as "that sneaky fuckin' Russian." As both his previously mentioned nicknames suggest, he's pretty hard to kill.
- A major antagonist in Ronin seeking the mysterious suitcase.
- Antikiller interestingly portrays various strata of Russian organized crime world.
- The Cindy Crawford vehicle Fair Game features an ex-KGB crime organization.
- The Jean-Claude Van-Damme film Maximum Risk, the protagonist discovers that he had a twin brother who was in the Russian mob. The head of the Mafiya is also shown reading Crime and Punishment at one point... in English.
- Iron Man 2: Ivan Vanko's tattoos identify him as a member of Russian organized crime. Or, at the very least, someone who's been perennially incarcerated and familiar with the prison culture of the vory.
- In Eraser, the Big Bad is involved in the deal to sell a large shipment of Magnetic Weapons to The Mafiya. After being arrested, he claims to have acted in the best interests of his nation by destabilizing a potential enemy from within. Of course, all it would take if for one of those weapons to fall into the hands of the Russian officials, where it would be reverse-engineered and used by the government. How does Arnold's character deal with The Mafiya? By bringing in The Mafia.
- The Drop has Chechen mobsters who take over the protagonist's bar.
- In Artemis Fowl: The Arctic Incident, Artemis is trying to rescue his father from them.
- The Sterling Inheritance, by Michael Siverling, featured Uncle Gregori, who was quite kind to his nephew-in-law, even going so far as to send an arsonist to help burn down a theater for insurance when the poor nephew lost the mafiya money that he was supposed to launder to an unscrupulous Nigerian Businessman.
- In one of the sequels to Gorky Park, Red Square, Renko has to deal with the Chechen Mafiya.
- In Andrew Vachss' Burke book Dead and Gone, Burke meets with some Russian dudes, not too clear whether they're Bratva or gopniks, and has their tight-lipped leader assassinated so as to get in place a more talkative replacement. In Mask Market, this is subverted (!) The Russian thugs that show up are really Russian Jews.
- The antagonists in Quiller Balalaika by Adam Hall.
- The protagonist of All These Things I've Done, Anya, is from the Balanchine Mafiya family that manufactures illegal chocolate. The book takes place around 2083, when chocolate and caffeine are illegal and paper is hard to come by.
- Like The Mafia, these guys show up in the setting of Time Scout. Like The Mafia, not explicit, but implied to be part of the cause of the Crapsack World.
- In Accelerando, the Mafiya of Twenty Minutes into the Future (who are all now hardcore Objectivists) have taken over the remnants of the American recording industry, which they are attempting to restore to profitability by using direct physical violence to settle intellectual property disputes.
- In Margin Play, Vadim is unreformed and runs a gang of gopniki. He has a scar on his forehead where he had a prison tattoo removed. Govrolev may or may not have reformed. There are also a couple dozen gopniki (Gang Bangers) who serve as dumb muscle for the bad guys, and admire and follow Vadim. Izzy knows far more than she's happy with about how the Mafiya works because she grew up surrounded by them.
- The catalyst for Neal Stephenson's REAMDE is when a Mafiya associate gets his criminal activities hacked while playing a computer game, and a crime boss shows up to straighten things out.
- They're referred to as the Kosher Nostra in Mr Blank and its sequel, but they're clearly the Mafiya.
- The Goldfinch includes a number of shady Russian and Eastern European hoodlums with criminal contacts. Boris insists that he's not an actual gangster.
- The James Bond novel High Time to Kill features Russian mobsters as one of the two rival expeditions climbing the Kangchenjunga to retrieve the MacGuffin. While Bond never comes across them, his rival Roland Marquis has deals with them.
- Niko Bellic of Grand Theft Auto IV used to work for them, but didn't exactly part on good terms. They become the main antagonists during the game. Vlad Glebov is a low-ranked member of Bratva and Mikhail Faustin and Ray Bulgarin are vory v zakone.
- Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas also has C.J. and Big Smoke butting heads with Russian arms dealers in an early mission. Whether they were true bratvas or just gopniki is rather unclear. Most likely bratva, because gunrunning is usually too big and dangerous a business for gopnik gangs to organize.
- The Mafiya also appear in Grand Theft Auto II in the Industrial District (the last level) of Anywhere City.
- Mercenaries: Playground of Destruction had them as one of the four factions with which the player could work in North Korea. Unlike the Allies, South Koreans, and Chinese, they don't have a personal stake in the conflict; they just want to exploit the reconstruction efforts. Unluckily, this arrangement is upset by their local don, a Pointy-Haired Boss who keeps provoking all of the factions until, inevitably, his capo gets sick of it and deposes him. Since they run the shop from which you purchase all your gear, it's a good idea to keep on their good side. (Though if you do tick them off, you can just bribe them through the website.)
- Vladimir Lem and his arms-dealing empire in the Max Payne series. One might consider Vlad something of a subversion of the normal Russian gangster portrayal, given that he is suave, sophisticated and friends (kinda) with the protagonist. That is, until the sequel. The suaveness can be explained by the fact that he was Alfred Woden's protege.
- Damon and Vladimir Zakarov of John Woo's Stranglehold run a Russian crime syndicate that want to take over Hong Kong.
- The bandits in S.T.A.L.K.E.R. are thoroughly gopniki. Their leaders, most notably Borov, Yoga and Sultan act as typical avtoritets, though.
- Featured in the Moscow mission set in Mafia Wars.
- Russian organized criminals are sometimes mentioned in Hitman series. Arkadij Jegorov is a target in Codename 47 and Sergei Zavorotko is a Big Bad in Silent Assassin.
- Alpha Protocol has contact with several elements of the Russian mafia during the Moscow mission. Sergei Surkov is an ex-vory y zakone gone semi-legit businessman (who has a lot of his ex-KGB ex-mafiya friends on payroll as security). Konstantin Brayko is a still-active gang leader and Surkov's former lieutenant who acts very much like a stereotypical bratok, what with his focus on Eighties pop culture and general lack of taste in clothing.
- If you piece together the Jigsaw Puzzle Plot, you'll find the majority of the mooks you kill in Hotline Miami are Russian mobsters.
- According to Lazarus, the Russian mob runs Mexico in Deus Ex: Human Revolution.
- The Getaway Black Monday has them as the main antagonists in the form of the "Skobel Group". They're led by Viktor Skobel, a vory y zakone who has a charming exterior and a taste for fine art and culture, but is brutal and ruthless nonetheless.
- Also in the spin-off "Gangs Of London", one of the five gangs you can play as is the "Zackarov Syndicate"
- Part of Grigor Stoyanovich's backstory in the first Empire Earth was that he used to be a member of the Russian mafia, where he earned his nickname "The Crocodile."
- Brighton Beach, Brooklyn.
- And, strangely enough, West Hollywood of all places. Must've been the combination of cheap, dilapidated property, and the chance to tell your friends back home that you live in Hollywood. They share space somewhat uncomfortably with one of LA's Gayborhoods (which, come to think of it, may well have started up in West Hollywood for more or less the same reasons, although the parts that are Gayborhood are rapidly gentrifying).
- West Ridge and Rogers Park on Chicago's North Side, along with most ex-Soviet-immigrant heavy suburbs such as Skokie, Des Planes, etc.
- Pick a Russian city. Any Russian city. Or any former Soviet republic or Eastern-bloc country... You can even still find a Town with a Dark Secret in a remote area of the country that is run by the mafiya and the lawful administration is In Name Only.
- With a surge of immigration (of varying degrees of legality) from Eastern Europe, London and other parts of the United Kingdom have also seen a significant increase in the presence of the Mafiya.
- Older Than Radio: The Vorovskoy Mir (Thieves' World) originated in the early years of Tsarist Russia.
- Older than the Mafia: Modern scholars estimate that Cosa Nostra (The Sicilian Mafia) originated in 1812. Almost a century later than the Russian Mafia.