Before 007 toted his Walther PPK on the silver screen, he featured in a series of novels by Ian Fleming. The character first appeared in the novel Casino Royale (1953). Since Fleming died, other authors have continued the series. These authors include Kingsley Amis (under the pseudonym Robert Markham), John Gardner, Raymond Benson, Sebastian Faulks and Jeffrey Deaver. There is also a series about a Young James Bond written by Charlie Higson and one about Moneypenny by Samantha Weinberg under the name Katie Westbrook (called "The Moneypenny Diaries").The Bond of the books is a much different character than the one in the films, which often parodied or even disregarded their sources. Given that Fleming was born in 1908, and wrote the novels in the 1950s and 1960s, his books do not always display the most politically correct attitudes with regard to sex, race, and imperialism.
Octopussy and The Living Daylights (June, 1966). Short story collection. All stories had been previously published in magazines. The original edition included two of them, later editions added the rest.
"The Living Daylights" (February, 1962)
"007 in New York" (October, 1963)
"The Property of a Lady" (November, 1963)
"Octopussy" (March-April, 1966)
Early continuation novels
Following the death of Fleming in 1964, several authors began work on continuations. Most of them one-shot ones.
003½: The Adventures of James Bond Junior (1967) by R. D. Mascott (pseudonym). The novel covers the adventures of a namesake nephew of Bond.
GoldenEye (1995). Novelization of the film. Mostly faithful to its source, expanded certain scenes, dialogues, and character interactions.
COLD (1996), also known as Cold Fall . Gardner retired following this novel, facing health problems.
Novels and short stories by Raymond Benson
"Blast from the Past" (January, 1997). Short story, sequel to You Only Live Twice.
Zero Minus Ten (April, 1997).
Tomorrow Never Dies (November, 1997). Novelization of the film. Attempts to incorporate the events of the film in the literary Bond's continuity. Film characters receive expanded backgrounds, and dialogue. Novel characters are added to the plot.
"Midsummer Night's Doom" (January, 1999). Short story. Bond's mission takes him into the Playboy Mansion. Hugh Hefner and Lisa Dergan are prominently featured.
High Time to Kill (May, 1999).
The World Is Not Enough (1999). Novelization of the film. Some details were changed to fit with the literary Bond's continuity. An unnamed assassin from the film received a name and an expanded role.
"Live at Five" (November, 1999). Short story. Janet Davies, a real-life television reporter, is prominently featured.
DoubleShot (May, 2000). A sequel to High Time to Kill.
Never Dream of Dying (2001). Continues and concludes the plots of High Time to Kill and DoubleShot.
The Man with the Red Tattoo (May, 2002).
Die Another Day (2002). Novelization of the film. Mostly faithful to its source, though Benson changed the geographic setting of certain scenes. The villains, Tan-Sun Moon and Miranda Frost, received more detailed backgrounds, expanded scenes, and additional exploration of their motives. Benson resigned his writing duties following its publication, wishing to work on non-series novels.
Novels and short stories by Charlie Higson
Part of the Young Bond series, featuring the 1930s adventures of a teenaged James Bond. For more details, see the relevant entry.
Blood Fever (2006)
Double or Die (January, 2007)
Hurricane Gold (September, 2007)
By Royal Command (September, 2008)
A Hard Man to Kill (October, 2009). Short story. So far, the last original work in this sub-series.
Novels and short stories by Samantha Weinberg
Part of "The Moneypenny Diaries". Features the story of Miss Jane Moneypenny, a supporting character of the Fleming novels. The stories fit in between some of the original Fleming novels. They offer background and character development to the title character. And fill in the blanks of certain eras of Bond's life.
The Moneypenny Diaries: Guardian Angel (October, 2005). Placed between On Her Majesty's Secret Service and You Only Live Twice.
Secret Servant: The Moneypenny Diaries (November, 2006). Placed within the same period as The Man with the Golden Gun.
"For Your Eyes Only, James" (November, 2006). Short story, features Moneypenny and Bond sharing a weekend vacation in September, 1956.
"Moneypenny's First Date with Bond" (November, 2006). Short story, placed prior to Casino Royale. Moneypenny and recently assigned 007 meet for the first time.
The Moneypenny Diaries: Final Fling (May, 2008). Events placed c. 1964, explicitly following The Man with the Golden Gun. Moneypenny is seaching for a mole within the Secret Service.
Late continuation novels
The Bond publishers commissioned further (adult) Bond novels, but so-far they have been one-shot efforts.
Carte Blanche (May, 2011) by Jeffery Deaver. Set in the 2010s. A reboot where Bond was born c. 1979, and his current mission involves investigating the deaths of his parents, who served as agents during the Cold War.
Solo (September, 2013) by William Boyd.
The series contains examples of:
Aborted Arc: Fleming does not continue the SMERSH storyline after From Russia With Love.
Auric Goldfinger is actually the foreign treasurer of SMERSH, however its role as a Nebulous Evil Organization is practically absent.
John Gardner continues the SMERSH storyline in Icebreaker where the entire titular operation is the organization's gambit to get Bond behind the Russian border where he can be easily delivered to Moscow. Capturing the Big Bad was simply a beneficial side effect. Furthermore, SMERSH is an active participant in Bond's manhunt in Nobody Lives Forever. Finally, in No Deals, Mr Bond, the SMERSH storyline ends when Bond captures Grubozaboyschikov's successor, General Chernov.
Affectionate Parody: Fleming is said to have written the books as a parody of the spy thrillers of the time.
Bond himself, at least in Casino Royale. As the series progresses and becomes more like the films with the subsequent continuation authors, so Bond becomes more of the traditional heroic character.
Zero Minus Ten has Li Xu Nan, a criminal mastermind who ends up helping Bond fight the real Big Bad.
Author Tract: Bond tended to parrot quite a few of Fleming's own views, sometimes to Fleming's chagrin.
Awesome McCoolname: Fleming intended James Bond's name to be an aversion as he chose it as the most non-descript and boring name imaginable. As it happened, decades of novels and movies have made the name feel anything but those qualities.
Diamonds are Forever: Jack and Serrafimo Spang although Jack is the dominant one, being ABC.
From Russia With Love: Rosa Klebb with General G as the Bigger Bad.
Doctor No: Dr Julius No
Goldfinger: Auric Goldfinger
Thunderball: Emilio Largo, with Ernst Stavro Blofeld as the Bigger Bad.
The Spy Who Loved: Sol Horowitz and Sluggsy Morant. Although they were both sent by Mr Sanguinetti, he is never confronted directly, and is implied to have arrested by the Border Patrol while fleeing the US.
On Her Majesty's Secret Service: Ernst Stavro Blofeld.
You Only Live Twice: Dr Guntram Shatterhand/Ernst Stavro Blofeld
The Man With the Golden Gun: Francisco Scaramnga
Colonel Sun: Colonel Sun Liang-tan
License Renewed: Dr Anton Murik
For Special Services: Nena Bismarquer/Blofeld
Icebreaker: Count Konrad von Gloda/Colonel Aarne Tudeer
Role of Honour: Jay Autem Holy is The Dragon to Tamil Rahani.
Nobody Lives Forever: Tamil Rahani
No Deals Mr Bond: General Konstantin Nikolaevich Chernov/Blackfriar
Scorpius: Vladimir Scorpius/Father Valentine
Win, Lose or Die: Bassam Barradj
Brokenclaw: Brokenclaw Lee Fu-chu
The Man From Barbarossa: General Yevgeny Yuskovich
Death is Forever: Wolfgang Weisen
Never Send Flowers: David Dragonpol
SeaFire: Max Tarn
Goldeneye: Alex Trevelyan
COLD: General Brutus Clay
Zero Minus Ten: Guy Thackeray
The Facts of Death: Konstantine Romanos until he is thwarted by Hera Volopoulos.
High Time to Kill: Roland Marquis with Le Gerant as the Bigger Bad.
Doubleshot: Domingo Espada and Le Gerant
Never Dream of Dying: Le Gerant
The Man With the Red Tattoo: Goro Yoshida
Silverfin: Lord Randalph Hellebore
Blood Fever: Count Ugo Carnifex
Big Bad Duumvirate: Jack and Seraffimo Spang, Sol Horowitz and Sluggsy Morant, Colonel Sun and Ludwig von Richter, General Brutus Clay and the Tempesta brothers, Le Gerant and Domingo Espada, Le Gerant and Goro Yoshida. Jay Autem Holy, General Joe Zwingli and Tamil Rahani appear to be a triumvirate but Rahani turns out to be superior to the other two.
Blessed with Suck: Bond's feelings on being a 00—it's a high tension job filled with physical hardship.
Breakout Villain: In Never Dream of Dying, Goro Yoshida was a minor character who assisted Le Gerant with his operation. In The Man With the Red Tattoo, he's the Big Bad and titular character.
Broken Bird: All of Bond's romantic interests, bar Gala Brand (Moonraker) and Tatiana Romanova (From Russia With Love)
Characterization Marches On: The Bond of Casino Royale is a far more realistic, gritty flawed character than the one shown in the latter books. In turn, the films took the post-Casino Royale character and inflated his traits into the James Bond popularly known today.
In No Deals, Mr Bond, he has to clear his boss's name.
In Doubleshot, Bond is forced to prove himself out of a murder and massacre framed on him by the villains.
Cold War: Bond's most frequent nemesis is the SMERSH, the Soviet counter-espionage organization whose name was an anagram for "Death to Spies."
Cruel and Unusual Death: Dr. No is buried under a pile of bird shit, Mr.Big is eaten alive by sharks and barracudas, an asshole millionaire in "The Hildebrand Rarity" has a poisonous fish shoved down his throat, one of Blofeld's henchmen is killed by throwing him down a bobsled track in On Her Majesty's Secret Service and another one is minced by a fan. All of the suicides in You Only Live Twice qualify too. Additionally, Vlad Scorpius gets eaten by moccasins, Wolfgang Weisen is electrocuted, and David Dragonpol and Max Tarn both get burned alive. Then there are all the victims of the Union's gruesome murders. James Bond escapes quite a few too.
Cursed with Awesome: Bond's life of beautiful willing women who don't want relationships. And when they do, it ends badly. Just ask Tracy di Vicenzo, Harriet Horner or Flicka von Grusse.
Dark Lord on Life Support: After tangling with Bond in Role of Honour SPECTRE head Tamil Rahani ends up hooked up to a life support machine and is slowly dying. The conflict of Nobody Lives for Ever stems from his desire to see Bond dead before he goes and putting a price on his head. Literally.
Dan Browned: In real life SMERSH ceased to exist in 1946, at which point its duties were assumed by the NKGB, which eventually became the MGB. SMERSH's depiction in the books is more similar to the KGB.
Dirty Communists: Goldfinger, Mister Big, General G, Le Chiffe, Rosa Klebb, and other examples. Most of the Bond villains are either employed by the USSR or working alongside it. Perhaps taken to the extreme with Wolfgang Weisen who short of worships Josef Stalin.
Mr Big has a criminal nicknamed the Robber outposted in Florida.
In Moonraker, Hugo Drax's Dragon is probably Krebs.
In a way Seraffimo Spang is The Dragon for his brother.
General G's Co-Dragons are Rosa Klebb and Kronsteen. Klebb's dragon is Donovan "Red" Grant.
Oddjob for Auric Goldfinger.
Emilio Largo and later Irma Brunt for Ernst Stavro Blofeld.
Caber to Dr Anton Murik.
Walter Luxor to Nena Blofeld.
Hans Buchtmann/Brad Tirpitz to von Gloda except not. Perhaps Rivke Ingber/Anni Tudeer is a better example.
In Role of HonourJay Autem Holy and General Zwingli are both dragons to Tamil Rahani.
Rahani's dragon in Nobody Lives Forever is arguably Nannie Norrich.
Heather Dare is Chernov/Blackfriar's penetration agent into Cream Cake.
Vladimir Scorpius's Dragon/mole in London is Chief Superintendent Bailey
Bassam Barradj's team of Co-Dragons in Win, Lose or Die is Abou Hamarik, Ali al Adwan and Sophii Boudai/Clover Pennington.
Sergei Berzin to General Yuskovich in The Man From Barbarossa.
Like Chernov, Wolfgang Weisen also has a penetration agent in CABAL. It's Harry Spraker.
Maurice Goodwin and Connie Spicer to Sir Max Tarn.
Sukie Tempesta to General Brutus Clay.
Hera Volopoulos to Konstantine Romanos until she kills him and takes over as the Monad
Nadir Yassasin to Le Gerant. After Yassasin is captured, Julius Wilcox fits that role better.]]
Yasutake Tsukamoto to Goro Yoshida.
Cleek MacSawney to Lord Randalph Hellebore.
Zoltan the Magyar to Count Ugo Carnifex.
Eagleland: While the British are aware of and mildly resent the power and rising influence of the CIA and the American government, the latter will help Bond on a mission to the best of their ability. Mostly, any conflict stems from different techniques rather than different goals.
Even Evil Has Standards: Li Xu Nan, the leader of a Chinese triad in Zero Minus Ten, has a strict code of honor to which he adheres, in spite of being a criminal mastermind.
High Time to Kill features Roland Marquis, Bond's old school rival who also happens to be a ruthless free agent trying to sell MacGuffin to the highest bidder
Food Porn: Since the books were written shortly after the war, a lot of the exquisite and fancy food would be the stuff of fantasies for the people reading it. There's even a whole paragraph on Bond eating an avocado pear!
Go-to Alias: In John Gardner's novels, Bond often uses the alias of 'James Boldman'.
Hoist by His Own Petard: In the continuation novels, Anton Murik, Nena Bismarquer/Blofeld, Vladimir Scorpius, Brokenclaw Lee, and David Dragonpol all have very karmic, satisfying ends.
Immune to Drugs: According to the medical report in Thunderball when James Bond is not engaged in strenuous duty, he consumes half a bottle of spirits between 60 and 70 proof a day. And he smokes 60 cigarettes a day (of a higher nicotine content than standard cigarettes).
Jerkass: James Bond starts off being intentionally portrayed as a cold and ruthless. Over the course of the novels he becomes more human.
Most notably, he is a Jerkass in Casino Royale. Not quite as much from Live and Let Die on.
Many of the villains' henchmen fit this much better.
Kick the Dog: A recurring theme in Fleming's books is that if you're mean to animals, you're one of the bad guys:
The Robber in Live And Let Die shoots seabirds for funzies.
Milton Krest in The Hildebrand Rarity poisons an entire river's worth of animals to kill one fish.
Oddjob in Goldfinger developed a taste for live cats during a famine in his native Korea.
And probably the most extreme, Dr. No had an entire bird sanctuary burned to the ground and its staff murdered just because it was a bit too close to his base.
Love Redeems: Vesper Lynd. Tatiana Romanova possibly counts as well, even though she was always an unwitting pawn.
Made of Iron: The first few novels have Bond survive copious amounts of punishment.
Meaningful Name: Pussy Galore, Auric Goldfinger, Emilio Largo, Le Chiffre, Mr. Big, Sluggsy and Horror, Konrad von Gloda, Sukie Tempesta, General Chernov, Vladimir Scorpius, Harriet Horner, Brokenclaw Lee, David Dragonpol, General Brutus Brute Clay.
Not Right in the Bed: How Margareta Piel figures out that Bond's double is actually Bond himself in the climax.
Oubliette: Shatterhand/Blofeld has one in his castle.
Rank Up: In Win, Lose or Die, Bond is promoted from Commander to Captain when he has to return to active duty in the Royal Navy as part of an assignment. He keeps this rank for the remainder of Gardner's series.
Red Right Hand: Almost every Bond villain displays this, most often in physical deformities.
Le Chiffre's irises are completely surrounded by the whites of eyes. He is also into flagellation.
Mr. Big has grey skin and yellow eyes.
Hugo Drax had half of his face burnt off and attempted bad plastic surgery.
As does General Brutus Clay. In addition, he has prosthetic legs all thanks to Bond blowing up his helicopter years prior.
Red Grant gets uncontrollable homicidal urges during the full moon. He also has glassy, staring eyes, which reveal his hidden insanity to Bond.
Dr. No has no eyelashes, eyebrows or hair on top of his head. Instead of hands he has a pair of pincers.
Goldfinger looks like "he had been put together with bits of other people's bodies."
Ernst Stavro Blofeld has eyes like Le Chiffre's. His nose is later on deformed by syphilis.
Emilio Largo has pointed ears like satyr's, and enormous hands.
Francisco Scaramanga has three nipples.
Nena Bismarquer has a single breast.
Brokenclaw's right thumb is next to his pinkie.
Red Scare: Bizarrely subverted in Colonel Sun. The Russians are Bond's allies against the Chinese.
In IcebreakerCIA agent Brad Tirpitz pretends to be a fictitious neo-Nazi lookalike who killed the real Brad to infiltrate the NSAA.
Jay Autem Holy and General Zwingli in Role of Honour both faked their deaths years prior to the plot.
Beatrice di Ricci also fakes her death to get Bond out of immediate danger in Win, Lose, or Die.
The Huscarl and his wife in The Man From Barbarossa.
In Never Send Flowers, the Big Badkills his identical twin and then pretends to be said twin to easily escape from law enforcement.
In COLD, Sukie Tempesta also faked her death for convenience purposes.
As did Guy Thackeray in Zero Minus Ten.
Scars Are Forever: On the back of Bond's left hand, there is a scar that shapes like a reverse M. That is Russian for s, as in 's' for "spy", and it is carved by a SMERSH agent in Casino Royale to mark Bond in his job. Despite skin grafts, the scar remains.
Serial Killer: Red Grant, David Dragonpol, quite possibly Sukie Tempesta, Margareta Piel.
Series Continuity Error: In the first novel Casino Royale, Bond is eight years away from compulsory retirement from '00' Section at 45. The remaining novels certainly take place over a period of more than eight years, making this a case of Comic Book Time too. Additionally, in Casino Royale Bond recalls facing off against enemy agents over a gaming table before the war. However, his obituary in You Only Live Twice indicates that he joined the secret service after leaving the Navy at the World War II, and that he enlisted at the age of 20 or 21.
John Gardner's novels abandon the 00 section in its entirety, but M, of course, still refers to his favorite agent as 007. And then the Goldeneye novelization comes along with 006 as the key character of a flashback...
Benson's novels also reinstate the 00 section, outright ignoring most of Gardner's canon.
Sexy Secretary: Moneypenny, Mary Goodnight. Averted with the 00-section's secretary Loelia Ponsonby, whom all the 00s are in love with but she refuses to get involved with anyone who might be dead next week, so out of ego they call her "frigid". Bond still "wondered why he bothered with other women when the most darling of them all was his secretary."
Shameful Strip: In Casino Royale, Bond himself is stripped naked by Le Chiffre prior to a torture session, while in Live and Let Die, both he and his fortune-telling love interest, Solitaire, are stripped and tied to a line behind a boat, so they can be dragged over a coral reef and into shark-infested waters.
Spy Fiction: Oddly, The Stale Beer Type of Spy Fiction. Fleming's Bond has all the ingredients of the Martini flavored one but the world is still profoundly grim and depressing.
Starts out as Stale Beer in Casino Royale, and gets lighter with each new book. By the time Raymond Benson takes over as the author, the series has gone well into full-on Martini mode.
Those Wacky Nazis: Hugo Drax, Ludwig von Richter, Konrad von Gloda, Sir Max Tarn. The fate of Nazis and Nazi scientists in the Cold War is touched upon in several novels as well.
Tragic Hero: Bond is meant to be one of these because he's certain he'll be dead before he's retired at 42.
What Measure Is a Mook?: Usually inverted. Bond doesn't bat an eye killing Big Bads and their Dragons, but he is often quite reluctant to kill lowly mooks and/or agonizes about it afterwards. Not always, though.