Before 007 toted his Walther PPK on the silver screen, he featured in a series of novels by Ian Fleming. The character first appeared in the novel Casino Royale (1953). Since Fleming died, other authors have continued the series. These authors include Kingsley Amis (under the pseudonym Robert Markham), John Gardner, Raymond Benson, Sebastian Faulks and Jeffrey Deaver. There is also a series about a Young James Bond written by Charlie Higson and one about Moneypenny by Samantha Weinberg under the name Katie Westbrook (called "The Moneypenny Diaries").The Bond of the books is a much different character than the one in the films, which often parodied or even disregarded their sources. Given that Fleming was born in 1908, and wrote the novels in the 1950s and 1960s, his books do not always display the most politically correct attitudes with regard to sex, race, and imperialism.
For Your Eyes Only (April, 1960). Short story collection. A couple of the stories had been previously published in magazines.
"Quantum of Solace" (May, 1959). Story idea suggested by Blanche Blackwell. Story also serves as Fleming's homage to the short stories of W. Somerset Maugham.
"The Hildebrand Rarity" (March, 1960).
"From a View to a Kill".
"For Your Eyes Only". The eponymous story of the collection.
Thunderball (March, 1961). First appearance of Ernst Stavro Blofeld.
The Spy Who Loved Me (April, 1962).
On Her Majesty's Secret Service (April, 1963). Second appearance of Ernst Stavro Blofeld.
You Only Live Twice (April, 1963). Third and last appearance of Ernst Stavro Blofeld.
The Man with the Golden Gun (April, 1965).
Octopussy and The Living Daylights (June, 1966). Short story collection. All stories had been previously published in magazines. The original edition included two of them, later editions added the rest.
"The Living Daylights" (February, 1962)
"007 in New York" (October, 1963)
"The Property of a Lady" (November, 1963)
"Octopussy" (March-April, 1966)
Early continuation novels
Following the death of Fleming in 1964, several authors began work on continuations. Most of them one-shot ones.
003½: The Adventures of James Bond Junior (1967) by R. D. Mascott (pseudonym). The novel covers the adventures of a namesake nephew of Bond.
Colonel Sun (March, 1968) by Kingsley Amis.
James Bond: The Authorised Biography of 007 (1973) by John Pearson. A retired James Bond narrates his life story to a biographer.
James Bond, The Spy Who Loved Me (1977) by Christopher Wood. Novelization of the film, quite different from its source. It added characters and organizations from the Fleming novels to the plot.
James Bond and Moonraker (1979) by Christopher Wood. Novelization of the film. Mostly faithful to its source, though it excluded part of the film's subplots.
Novels by John Gardner
Licence Renewed (1981)
For Special Services (1982)
Icebreaker (July, 1983).
Role of Honour (1984).
Nobody Lives for Ever (1986).
No Deals, Mr. Bond (May, 1987).
Scorpius (June, 1988).
Win, Lose or Die (1989).
Licence to Kill (1989). Novelization of the film. Attempted to incorporate the events of the film into the literary Bond's continuity.
The Man from Barbarossa (1991).
Death Is Forever (1992).
Never Send Flowers (1993).
GoldenEye (1995). Novelization of the film. Mostly faithful to its source, expanded certain scenes, dialogues, and character interactions.
COLD (1996), also known as Cold Fall . Gardner retired following this novel, facing health problems.
Novels and short stories by Raymond Benson
Blast from the Past (January, 1997). Short story, sequel to You Only Live Twice.
Zero Minus Ten (April, 1997).
Tomorrow Never Dies (1997). Novelization of the film. Attempts to incorporate the events of the film in the literary Bond's continuity. Film characters receive expanded backgrounds, and dialogue. Novel characters are added to the plot.
Tomorrow Never Dies (May, 1998).
Midsummer Night's Doom (January, 1999). Short story. Bond's mission takes him into the Playboy Mansion. Hugh Hefner and Lisa Dergan are prominently featured.
High Time to Kill (May, 1999).
The World Is Not Enough (1999). Novelization of the film. Some details were changed to fit with the literary Bond's continuity. An unnamed assassin from the film received a name and an expanded role.
Live at Five (November, 1999). Short story. Janet Davies, a real-life television reporter, is prominently featured.
DoubleShot (May, 2000). A sequel to High Time to Kill.
Never Dream of Dying (2001). Continues and concludes the plots of High Time to Kill and ''DoubleShot.
The Man with the Red Tattoo (May, 2002).
Die Another Day (2002). Novelization of the film. Mostly faithful to its source, though Benson changed the geographic setting of certain scenes. The villains, Tan-Sun Moon and Miranda Frost, received more detailed backgrounds, expanded scenes, and additional exploration of their motives. Benson resigned his writing duties following its publication, wishing to work on non-series novels.
Novels and short stories by Charlie Higson
Part of the Young Bond series, featuring the 1930s adventures of a teenaged James Bond. For more details, see the relevant entry.
Blood Fever (2006)
Double or Die (January, 2007)
Hurricane Gold (September, 2007)
By Royal Command (September, 2008)
A Hard Man to Kill (October, 2009). Short story. So far, the last original work in this sub-series.
Novels and short stories by Samantha Weinberg
Part of "The Moneypenny Diaries". Features the story of Miss Jane Moneypenny, a supporting character of the Fleming novels. The stories fit in between some of the original Fleming novels. They offer background and character development to the title character. And fill in the blanks of certain eras of Bond's life.
The Moneypenny Diaries: Guardian Angel (October, 2005). Placed between On Her Majesty's Secret Service and You Only Live Twice.
Secret Servant: The Moneypenny Diaries (November, 2006). Placed within the same period as The Man with the Golden Gun.
For Your Eyes Only, James (November, 2006). Short story, features Moneypenny and Bond sharing a weekend vacation in September, 1956.
Moneypenny's First Date with Bond (November, 2006). Short story, placed prior to Casino Royale. Moneypenny and recently assigned 007 meet for the first time.
The Moneypenny Diaries: Final Fling (May, 2008). Events placed c. 1964, explicitly following The Man with the Golden Gun. Moneypenny is seaching for a mole within the Secret Service.
Late continuation novels
The Bond publishers commissioned further (adult) Bond novels, but so-far they have been one-shot efforts.
Devil May Care (May, 2008) by Sebastian Faulks. Set in the 1960s.
Carte Blanche (May, 2011) by Jeffery Deaver. Set in the 2010s. Features a Continuity Reboot. Bond was born c. 1979, and his current mission involves investigating the deaths of his parents. Who served as Cold War agents.
Solo (September, 2013) by William Boyd.
The series contains examples of:
Aborted Arc: Fleming does not continue the SMERSH storyline after From Russia With Love.
Auric Goldfinger is actually the foreign treasurer of SMERSH, however its role as a Nebulous Evil Organization is practically absent.
John Gardner continues the SMERSH storyline in Icebreaker where the entire titular operation is the organization's gambit to get Bond behind the Russian border where he can be easily delivered to Moscow. Capturing the Big Bad was simply a beneficial side effect. Furthermore, SMERSH is an active participant in Bond's manhunt in Nobody Lives Forever. Finally, in No Deals, Mr Bond, the SMERSH storyline ends when Bond captures Grubozaboyschikov's successor, General Chernov.
Affectionate Parody: Fleming is said to have written the books as a parody of the spy thrillers of the time.
Bond himself, at least in Casino Royale. As the series progresses and becomes more like the films with the subsequent continuation authors, so Bond becomes more of the traditional heroic character.
Zero Minus Ten has Li Xu Nan, a criminal mastermind who ends up helping Bond fight the real Big Bad.
Author Tract: Bond tended to parrot quite a few of Fleming's own views, sometimes to Fleming's chagrin.
Awesome McCoolname: Fleming intended James Bond's name to be an aversion as he chose it as the most non-descript and boring name imaginable. As it happened, decades of novels and movies have made the name feel anything but those qualities.
Diamonds are Forever: Jack and Serrafimo Spang although Jack is the dominant one, being ABC.
From Russia With Love: Rosa Klebb with General G as the Bigger Bad.
Doctor No: Dr Julius No
Goldfinger: Auric Goldfinger
Thunderball: Emilio Largo, with Ernst Stavro Blofeld as the Bigger Bad.
The Spy Who Loved: Sol Horowitz and Sluggsy Morant. Although they were both sent by Mr Sanguinetti, he is never confronted directly, and is implied to have arrested by the Border Patrol while fleeing the US.
On Her Majesty's Secret Service: Ernst Stavro Blofeld.
You Only Live Twice: Dr Guntram Shatterhand/Ernst Stavro Blofeld
The Man With the Golden Gun: Francisco Scaramnga
Colonel Sun: Colonel Sun Liang-tan
License Renewed: Dr Anton Murik
For Special Services: Nena Bismarquer/Blofeld
Icebreaker: Count Konrad von Gloda/Colonel Aarne Tudeer
Role of Honour: Jay Autem Holy is The Dragon to Tamil Rahani.
Nobody Lives Forever: Tamil Rahani
No Deals Mr Bond: General Konstantin Nikolaevich Chernov/Blackfriar
Scorpius: Vladimir Scorpius/Father Valentine
Win, Lose or Die: Bassam Barradj
Brokenclaw: Brokenclaw Lee Fu-chu
The Man From Barbarossa: General Yevgeny Yuskovich
Death is Forever: Wolfgang Weisen
Never Send Flowers: David Dragonpol
SeaFire: Max Tarn
Goldeneye: Alex Trevelyan
COLD: General Brutus Clay
Zero Minus Ten: Guy Thackeray
The Facts of Death: Konstantine Romanos until he is thwarted by Hera Volopoulos.
High Time to Kill: Roland Marquis with Le Gerant as the Bigger Bad.
Doubleshot: Domingo Espada and Le Gerant
Never Dream of Dying: Le Gerant
The Man With the Red Tattoo: Goro Yoshida
Silverfin: Lord Randalph Hellebore
Blood Fever: Count Ugo Carnifex
Big Bad Duumvirate: Jack and Seraffimo Spang, Sol Horowitz and Sluggsy Morant, Colonel Sun and Ludwig von Richter, Anton Murik and Franco, General Brutus Clay and the Tempesta brothers, Le Gerant and Domingo Espada, Le Gerant and Goro Yoshida. Jay Autem Holy, General Joe Zwingli and Tamil Rahani appear to be a triumvirate but Rahani turns out to be superior to the other two.
Blessed with Suck: Bond's feelings on being a 00—it's a high tension job filled with physical hardship.
Characterization Marches On: The Bond of Casino Royale is a far more realistic, gritty flawed character than the one shown in the latter books. In turn, the films took the post-Casino Royale character and inflated his traits into the James Bond popularly known today.
In No Deals, Mr Bond, he has to clear his boss's name.
In Doubleshot, Bond is forced to prove himself out of a murder and massacre framed on him by the villains.
Cold War: Bond's most frequent nemesis is the SMERSH, the Soviet counter-espionage organization whose name was an anagram for "Death to Spies."
Cruel and Unusual Death: Dr. No is buried under a pile of bird shit, Mr.Big is eaten alive by sharks and barracudas, an asshole millionaire in The Hildebrand Rarity has a poisonous fish shoved down his throat, one of Blofeld's henchmen is killed by throwing him down a bobsled track in On Her Majesty's Secret Service and another one is minced by a fan. All of the suicides in You Only Live Twice qualify too. Additionally, Vlad Scorpius gets eaten by moccasins, Wolfgang Weisen is electrocuted, and David Dragonpol and Max Tarn both get burned alive. Then there are all the victims of the Union's gruesome murders. James Bond escapes quite a few too.
Cursed with Awesome: Bond's life of beautiful willing women who don't want relationships. And when they do, it ends badly. Just ask Tracy di Vicenzo, Harriet Horner or Flicka von Grusse.
Dark Lord on Life Support: After tangling with Bond in Role of Honour SPECTRE head Tamil Rahani ends up hooked up to a life support machine and is slowly dying. The conflict of Nobody Lives for Ever stems from his desire to see Bond dead before he goes and putting a price on his head. Literally.
Dan Browned: In real life SMERSH ceased to exist in 1946, at which point its duties were assumed by the NKGB, which eventually became the MGB. SMERSH's depiction in the books is more similar to the KGB.
Dead Foot Leadfoot: In "Risico", Bond shoots Kristatos as he's making his getaway after his operation is destroyed...with the Lancia's wheels in the road ruts guiding it and his dead foot on the gas pedal, the car hurtles out of sight into the distance.
Dirty Communists: Goldfinger, Mister Big, General G, Le Chiffe, Rosa Klebb, and other examples. Most of the Bond villains are either employed by the USSR or working alongside it. Perhaps taken to the extreme with Wolfgang Weisen who short of worships Josef Stalin.
Eagleland: While the British are aware of and mildly resent the power and rising influence of the CIA and the American government, the latter will help Bond on a mission to the best of their ability. Mostly, any conflict stems from different techniques rather than different goals.
In Thunderball, Blofeld reports to SPECTRE that a hostage they had returned upon payment of the ransom was found to have lost her virginity while in their possession. Since SPECTRE had promised to return her "unharmed", Blofeld refunded a portion of the ransom to her family. He then executed the operative who had deflowered her.
Li Xu Nan, the leader of a Chinese triad in Zero Minus Ten, has a strict code of honor to which he adheres, in spite of being a criminal mastermind.
High Time to Kill features Roland Marquis, Bond's old school rival who also happens to be a ruthless free agent trying to sell MacGuffin to the highest bidder
Food Porn: Since the books were written shortly after the war, a lot of the exquisite and fancy food would be the stuff of fantasies for the people reading it. There's even a whole paragraph on Bond eating an avocado pear!
Go-to Alias: In John Gardner's novels, Bond often uses the alias of 'James Boldman'.
Hoist by His Own Petard: In the continuation novels, Anton Murik, Nena Bismarquer/Blofeld, Vladimir Scorpius, Brokenclaw Lee, and David Dragonpol all have very karmic, satisfying ends.
Immune to Drugs: According to the medical report in Thunderball when James Bond is not engaged in strenuous duty, he consumes half a bottle of spirits between 60 and 70 proof a day. And he smokes 60 cigarettes a day (of a higher nicotine content than standard cigarettes).
Insurance Fraud: The Spy Who Loved Me is about Bond preventing the owners of a small hotel from burning it down to collect the insurance.
Jerkass: James Bond starts off being intentionally portrayed as a cold and ruthless. Over the course of the novels he becomes more human.
Most notably, he is a Jerkass in Casino Royale. Not quite as much from Live and Let Die on.
Many of the villains' henchmen fit this much better.
Love Redeems: Vesper Lynd. Tatiana Romanova possibly counts as well, even though she was always an unwitting pawn.
Made of Iron: The first few novels have Bond survive copious amounts of punishment.
Meaningful Name: Pussy Galore, Auric Goldfinger, Emilio Largo, Le Chiffre, Mr. Big, Sluggsy and Horror, Konrad von Gloda, Sukie Tempesta, General Chernov, Vladimir Scorpius, Harriet Horner, Brokenclaw Lee, David Dragonpol, General Brutus Brute Clay.
Not Right in the Bed: How Margareta Piel figures out that Bond's double is actually Bond himself in the climax.
Oubliette: Shatterhand/Blofeld has one in his castle.
Rank Up: In Win, Lose or Die, Bond is promoted from Commander to Captain when he has to return to active duty in the Royal Navy as part of an assignment. He keeps this rank for the remainder of Gardner's series.
Red Right Hand: Almost every Bond villain displays this, most often in physical deformities.
Le Chiffre's irises are completely surrounded by the whites of eyes. He is also into flagellation.
Mr. Big has grey skin and yellow eyes.
Hugo Drax had half of his face burnt off and attempted bad plastic surgery.
As does General Brutus Clay. In addition, he has prosthetic legs all thanks to Bond blowing up his helicopter years prior.
Red Grant gets uncontrollable homicidal urges during the full moon.
Dr. No has no eyelashes, eyebrows or hair on top of his head. Instead of hands he has a pair of pincers.
Goldfinger looks like "he had been put together with bits of other people's bodies."
Ernst Stavro Blofeld has eyes like Le Chiffre's. His nose is later on deformed by syphilis.
Emilio Largo has pointed ears like satyr's, and enormous hands.
In For Special Services, the Big Bad is the daughter of Blofeld, who wants revenge against Bond for killing Blofeld back in You Only Live Twice in addition to her main Evil Plan which involves stealing intelligence on a new satellite-defense system from NORAD headquarters.
And in COLD, Sukie Tempesta is pretty angry at Bond for shooting Brutus Clay's helicopter, leading to his many injuries.
Road Sign Reversal: Bond does it to a car full of Blofeld's goons in On Her Majesty's Secret Service.
Scars Are Forever: On the back of Bond's left hand, there is a scar that shapes like a reverse M. That is Russian for s, as in 's' for "spy", and it is carved by a SMERSH agent in Casino Royale to mark Bond in his job. Despite skin grafts, the scar remains.
Second-Hand Storytelling: One of the chapters in The Spy Who Told Me relates to Bond's (failed, at this point) mission of tracking down Blofeld, from which he was coming back.
Serial Killer: Red Grant, David Dragonpol, quite possibly Sukie Tempesta, Margareta Piel.
Series Continuity Error: In the first novel Casino Royale, Bond is eight years away from compulsory retirement from '00' Section at 45. The remaining novels certainly take place over a period of more than eight years, making this a case of Comic Book Time too. Additionally, in Casino Royale Bond recalls facing off against enemy agents over a gaming table before the war. However, his obituary in You Only Live Twice indicates that he joined the secret service after leaving the Navy at the World War II, and that he enlisted at the age of 20 or 21.
John Gardner's novels abandon the 00 section in its entirety, but M, of course, still refers to his favorite agent as 007. And then the Goldeneye novelization comes along with 006 as the key character of a flashback...
Benson's novels also reinstate the 00 section, outright ignoring most of Gardner's canon.
Sexy Secretary: Moneypenny, Mary Goodnight. Averted with the 00-section's secretary Loelia Ponsonby, whom all the 00s are in love with but she refuses to get involved with anyone who might be dead next week, so out of ego they call her "frigid". Bond still "wondered why he bothered with other women when the most darling of them all was his secretary."
Happens twice in Nobody Lives Forever. Early in the story, Bond grows suspicious of the chance-met Sukie Tempesta (an Italian Princess) and strip-searches her to make sure she's not carrying anything dangerous. Later, a fuller evocation of this trope comes when Tempesta and the bodyguard Nanette "Nanny" Norrich are abducted by one of the villains who's after Bond's head. Bond finds them Bound and Gagged and stripped to their underwear.
The original Fleming novels were not immune to this, either. In Casino Royale, Bond himself is stripped naked by Le Chiffre prior to a torture session, while in Live and Let Die, both he and his fortune-telling love interest, Solitaire, are stripped and tied to a line behind a boat, so they can be dragged over a coral reef and into shark-infested waters.
Those Wacky Nazis: Hugo Drax, Ludwig von Richter, Konrad von Gloda, Sir Max Tarn. The fate of Nazis and Nazi scientists in the Cold War is touched upon in several novels as well.
Title Drop: Live and let die, For your eyes only, You Only Live Twice
Tragic Hero: Bond is meant to be one of these because he's certain he'll be dead before he's retired at 42.
What Measure Is a Mook?: Usually inverted. Bond doesn't bat an eye killing Big Bads and their Dragons, but he is often quite reluctant to kill lowly mooks and/or agonizes about it afterwards. Not always, though.
Write What You Know: Since Fleming often vacationed in Jamaica (whenever he wrote a Bond book) he had Bond go there on three occasions.
alternative title(s): On Her Majestys Secret Service; The Spy Who Loved Me; Thunderball; For Special Services; Devil May Care; The Man With The Golden Gun; Licence Renewed; Brokenclaw; Role Of Honour; For Your Eyes Only