Useful Notes / Africa

http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/africa_8207.jpg

"It's gonna take a lot to drag me away from youuuuu
There's nothing that a hundred men or more could ever dooooo
I bless the rains down in Africaaaaa
It's gonna take some time to do the things we never haaaaa-aaad, woo-oo."
Toto's "Africa", a song about a white man trying to write about Africa but struggling because he's never been there.

Africa covers one-fifth of the Earth's land surface and contains 54 countriesnote , two thousand languages and upwards of a billion people. Its primary cultural divide is between the Muslim states north of the Sahara, which have more in common with the rest of the Arab world than with the rest of the continent, and "Black Africa" or sub-Saharan Africa further south. There are a lot of other divisions, though, including the difference between East Africa and the rest of sub-Saharan Africa, and the transition zones just south of the Sahara: the primarily-Arab Sahel and primarily-African Sudan (which confusingly does not include the country of Sudan, where the people are for the most part physically black but culturally Arab). Africa is also sometimes merged with Asia and Europe as Afro-Eurasia.

Africa is much bigger than most people realize, largely because of the distortions formed by creating a flat map of the round Earth, which also has the unfortunate side effect of making Greenland way bigger than it actually is (in reality, Greenland is over 250 km2 smaller than Africa's second-largest country, the DR Congo). It is the second largest continent after Asia. To get an idea of its scale, it is comparable to the continents of Australia, Antarctica and Europe combined. Of course, that can also be attributed to the fact that Africa quite possibly constitutes the world's biggest Hufflepuff House in spite of housing a billion plus people...

Stereotyped often as the land of poor, illiterate, sick blacks who wage war often against repressive governments led by loony presidents who have the ego the length of the seventh heaven. Or, alternatively, the land of starving children living among untamed wilderness who warrant sympathy from rich whites to conque-er, "educate" them, yet are always hindered by western-hating terrorists who would smuggle people in and out for blood diamonds or declare religious utopia somewhere. Sadly, these kinds of stereotypes are exactly why Africa becomes the Hufflepuff House and why so few media can accurately depict its culture and other peculiarities, or what and why and how the problems are affecting the continent the way it is, whether it is because of excessive racism and xenophobia or just plain ignorance is left to interpretation.

For Africa in fiction, see Ancient Africa, Darkest Africa, and Bulungi. See also Mighty Whitey, Great White Hunter. And despite what you may have heard, Africa is not a country.note 

Countries

North Africa

Capital & Largest City: Algiers
  • Egypt (Transcontinental)
Capital & Largest City: Cairo
Capital & Largest City: Tripoli
Capital: Rabat
Largest City: Casablanca
Capital: Khartoum
Largest City: Omdurman
Capital & Largest City: Tunis

West Africa

Capital: Porto-Novo
Largest City: Cotonou
Capital & Largest City: Ouagadougou
Capital & Largest City: Praia
Capitals: Yamoussoukro (political), Abidjan (economic)
Largest City: Abidjan
Capital: Banjul
Largest City: Serekunda (Serre Kunda)
Capital & Largest City: Accra
Capital & Largest City: Conakry
Capital & Largest City: Bissau
Capital & Largest City: Monrovia
Capital & Largest City: Bamako
Capital & Largest City: Nouakchott
Capital & Largest City: Niamey
Capital: Abuja
Largest City: Lagos
Capital & Largest City: Dakar
Capital & Largest City: Freetown
Capital & Largest City: Lomé

East Africa

Capital & Largest City: Bujumbura
Capital & Largest City: Moroni
Capital & Largest City: Djibouti
Capital & Largest City: Asmara
Capital & Largest City: Addis Ababa
Capital & Largest City: Nairobi
Capital & Largest City: Antananarivo
Capital & Largest City: Lilongwe
Capital & Largest City: Port Louis
Capital & Largest City: Maputo
Capital & Largest City: Kigali
Capital & Largest City: Victoria
Capital & Largest City: Mogadishu
Capital & Largest City: Juba
Capital: Dodoma
Largest City: Dar es Salaam
Capital & Largest City: Kampala
Capital & Largest City: Lusaka
Capital & Largest City: Harare

Central Africa

Capital & Largest City: Luanda
Capital: Yaoundé
Largest City: Douala
Capital & Largest City: Bangui
Capital & Largest City: N'Djamena
Capital & Largest City: Kinshasa
Capital: Malabo
Largest City: Bata
Capital & Largest City: Libreville
Capital & Largest City: Brazzaville
Capital & Largest City: São Tomé

Southern Africa

Capital & Largest City: Gaborone
Capital & Largest City: Maseru
Capital & Largest City: Windhoek
Capitals: Pretoria (executive), Bloemfontein (judicial), & Cape Town (legislative)
Largest City: Johannesburg
Capital: Mbabane
Largest City: Manzini

Other entities

Capital & Largest City: Hargeisa
Capital & Largest City: El Aaiún (unofficial)

Territories

Capitals: Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas
Largest City: Las Palmas
  • Ceuta (de facto owned by Spain, claimed by Morocco)
Capital & Largest City: Ceuta
Capital & Largest City: Saint-Pierre
Capital & Largest City: Funchal
  • Mayotte (de facto owned by France, claimed by Comoros)
Capital & Largest City: Mamoudzou
  • Melilla (de facto owned by Spain, claimed by Morocco)
Capital & Largest City: Melilla
Capital & Largest City: Lampedusa e Linosa
Capital & Largest City: Saint-Denis
Capital: Jamestown
Largest City: Half Tree Hollow

Defunct countries, empires, and other entities

Other articles related to Africans and African Culture

Africa in general

North Africa

West Africa

East Africa

Central Africa

Southern Africa

http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/UsefulNotes/Africa