"Nigeria is a West African nation of over 100 million energetic people. It is endowed with lots of natural resources but lacks human resources."
"It seems that things are often going to fall apart in Nigeria, but against all odds, things come together."
Blaine Harden, head of the Washington Post Bureau in Sub-Saharan Africa in the 1960s.
Welcome to The Federal Republic of Nigeria... TV Tropes page.
"Jamhuriyar Taraiyar Nijeriya",Yoruba:
"Orílẹ̀-èdè Olómìnira Àpapọ̀ ilẹ̀ Nàìjíríà", Igbo:
"Ọ̀hàńjíkọ̀ Ọ̀hànézè Naìjíríyà", Fulfulde:
"Republik Federaal bu Niiseriya") is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country on Earth, with a population of about 170 million, it has over 200 ethnic groups. Nigeria is twice the size of California (and just as prolific in movies), and with one third the size of the United States. As we can see, it is a big country. Growing, too: in 2050, Nigeria's population will dwarf that of the United States and of Britain, becoming 4th
in population! It is also the largest economy of Africa, bigger than South Africa, and one of the top 30 economies in the world.
So as you see, Nigeria is a giant. In fact, the Giant of Africa. While it may not be as developed as our rival South Africa
, it truly is a force to be reckoned with. That is why you need to learn about this country- like it or not, this country will be a major player, and thus represented very much in Hollywood,for better or for worse.
Basically, Nigeria is very, very diverse. Christians and Muslims and tribal people, Hausa and Yoruba and Igbo, etc, and this has caused much, much
trouble. To make my point, there are about 371 ethnic groups, which I will name here. Let's see, there are the... note
This is Serious Business
. It has caused one Civil War
and hideous human rights abuses in the north. Right now, Nigeria's main problem is its lack of unity.
So what is Nigeria?
Nigeria, contrarily to what people think,
is named for the famous Niger River that flows from a spot in Guinea to the massive, oil-rich
Nigeria, in Latin, means "land of the blacks", which is definitely true
- Nigeria can boast the largest number of black people as citizens. The Bantu peoples of Africa (which is basically all
of Central and Southern Africa excluding the Khoisan and the Pygmies) actually stem from Nigeria itself! Likewise, close to 1/3 of all slaves in the transcontinental Western slave trade came from Nigeria, so most African-Americans are, in fact, Nigerian.
Nigeria has had a history since time immemorial, starting from at least 11,000 BC. The earliest known Nigerians were the Nok culture, who were ironworkers who made terracotta sculptures. Then came the ethnic groups that make up Nigeria today, making city-states, ruled by chiefs. By the 1500s, these city-states became huge empires and kindgoms. Through the trade routes in the North for example, Hausa states adopted Islam.
Around this time, the first Europeans started to come to Nigeria, trading with the peoples next to the coast, particularly the Benin Empire. Unfortunately, the British started to lay claims within the region, and claimed the whole region for theRoyal Niger Company in 1900, forming a colony. Naturally this didn’t dit well with many Nigerians, and after WWII, Nigerian nationalism started to grow.
Since Independence in 1960, Nigeria has undergone a number of coups, a Civil War
(in 1967-70 in which the Igbo of the south-east attempted to secede as Biafra), and various other schemes. The democratic periods are generally known as the Nth Republic; the current period is the Fourth Republic, which uses a system inspired in part by United States
(a presidential system and a strong form of federalism) and in part by India
(Nigerian states, like Indian ones, are organized on ethnic/linguistic lines).
Our system also adds the somewhat novel idea of rotation in office between the country's two major groups; it's generally accepted that if a Muslim Northerner is a party's presidential candidate for two terms, the next two terms it will be a Christian Southerner's turn. This unofficial rule was screwed up somewhat by the death in office of the Fourth Republic's first Muslim president (Umaru Yar'Adua), who was succeeded by the current, Christian president Goodluck Jonathan.
We have yet to see whether this arrangement falls by the wayside or not.
You may have heard of Nigeria for its productive (if variable) movie industry called Nollywood. Nollywood makes more films than Hollywood.
To learn more about Nollywood, look at the culture section. Unfortunately for Nigeria and its peoples and businesses everywhere,
it's also infamous for its 419 email scams (named for the section of Nigerian law they violate).
If you want to know more about Nigeria, you could always look at the tabs. note
Nigeria is a large land, the largest in West Africa, which is unfortunately racked by some environmental stuff. You know, the Sahara encroaching in and becoming Sahel for everyone involved,
the mangrove trees being viciously cut down for oil and such, Lake Chad slowly withering away, and the massive population which will become harder to feed as time goes on. It seems that the sea-green forests of our flag will just be a memory. But not really.
Nigeria starts with The Northern Savannah
, at the ends of the invading Sahel. It's predominately populated with Hausa and Fulani and Kanuri Muslims.
This part of Nigeria is the stereotypical desert-and-camels area, despite it having a few trees. Much like the Deep South
, it is religiously conservative (Muslim), full of cows, and exports cotton and peanuts. Unfortunately, Islamic fundamentalists and terrorists such as Boko Haram and Ansaru
have really hit Northern Nigeria where it hurts, giving it sharia law and such.
As we go south, we go to the Central Area.
It is ethnically diverse, what with the Berom, Angas, Igbirra, Fulani, etc. peoples. The east central states are full of mountains, what with the highest point in Nigeria, Chappal Waddi (The mountain of Death)
The very southern part is a Rainforest Belt.
It has the Edo people, Yoruba people, Ijaw People, Igbo people, Itsekiri people, Urhobo people, Efik people, Ibibio people, Annaang People, and Ejagham people. This is the place of oil and Christianity, something it shares with the Deep South.
Fear not, curious troper! For we have organized Nigeria's geopolitical zones in one decisive matrix!
- Northern Nigeria: Ah, Northern Nigeria. It is populated by Muslims and have many, many more tribes than the south.. It is also quite bigger than the south, too. The North suffers harmattan, a fierce wind, in December, bringing dust from the Sahel. But don't worry! In addition to peanuts, sorghum, pearl millet, and other crops, cattle is also very, very important. Unfortunately, Northern Nigeria hasn't been the most stable place. Most of the Muslim northern states (which will be indentified with a crescent-and-moon symbol) adopted sharia law in 2000, taking advantage of the newborn ineffective government. To add to this, Boko Haram have waged war in this area, bombing churches and killing Muslims themselves for not "supporting their cause." (read: being sane.) What jerks.
- North-Central, North-West, and North-East Nigeria.
- Southern Nigeria: Southern Nigeria has most of the Christians, in addition to the indigenous believers. It is much smaller than the North but still has just as much people. Southern Nigeria has the rainforests and oil, and gets many of its money this way. In addition to this, Lagos, the largest city in Nigeria, is here. The Niger River ends here, spreading out in a fine brown delta, which also causes problems: Oil is being abused and wasted here. Oil pollution has messed up people's lives here, unfortunately,, and to top it off, they don't even get most of the income. Naturally, many are offended and disgusted. The delta has mangrove trees.
- Southeast and South-south Nigeria:
Southeast Nigeria is mostly Igbo, and like the DeepSouth,
it has seceded from the Union. Unlike the South, it probably has a better reason: There was a full-on ethnic onflict between the Muslim Hausa and the Christian Igbo that sort-of continues to this extens
Southwest Nigeria is mostly Yoruba, with equal numbers Muslim or Christian. The largest cities, such as Lagos and Ibadan, are here. Yorubaland has been relatively more well-off in this section.
South South Nigeria is basically any part of Southern Nigeria that isn't not Yoruba or Igbo. This includes the Edo people, the Efik, the Ibibio, the Ijaw, and et cetera. This place is where most of the oil is.
Nigeria's climate, is of course, Hot.
Nigeria has two famous rivers, the Niger and the Benue. The Niger River has oil, and the Benue does not. Interestingly, the two main rivers intersect at a Y, and that is why there is a "Y" on their coat of arms.
Nigeria has a lot of cities (no surprise,
considering it is the largest country in Africa). For example:
- Lagos. Famous for its crazy traffic jams, glorious face-me-I-face-you architecture, crowdedness, slums, and its popular governor Babatunde Fashola. With 12.09 million people in it's administrative area and 21 million in it's urban agglomeration, it is Africa's largest city, leaving Cairo a far second. Be warned - Lagos, much like Chicago or Detroit was, is not the ideal tourist spot. Ask Paul McCartney. When he and his wife went to Lagos, well, it's a long story. But Lagos has its charms.
- Abuja. Capital of Nigeria. Notable for being the capital of Nigeria and not much else, really.
- Kano. Kano and its eponymous Kano State have peanuts, indigo, and camels. How lovely.
- Jos. Jos lies on top of the Jos Plateau, a region full of strife as the nomadic Muslims and the city-living Christians duke it out. Notable for being a haven for lost Doctor Who episodes. Just another reason to love Nigeria!
- Ibadan. Holy crap, Ibadan. If you have the pleasure of looking at a satellite map of Nigeria, you will notice Ibadan. The third-largest city in Nigeria, it has a zoo, red roofs, and anarchy.
- Port Harcourt. Or Pot-a-kot if you want to say it the Pidgin way. The place where oil is processed, mostly, and shipped around the world.
- Enugu. Enugu is the capital of Igboland and formerly of Biafra. Biafra was a seccesionist state which we will discuss in the History zone.
- Calabar. Calabar is one of the nicer cities of Nigeria, and a trade city.
- Maidiguri. Home of Peace.
- Sokoto. Home of the Caliph, the spiritual leader of Nigeria's Muslims. Denounced those bastards Boko Haram.
- Benin City: Benin City, the capital of Edo State. The Oba of Benin lives there. Said to have one of the largest walls in the world, before 1897 of course.
As stated above, Nigeria has had civilization since 11,000 BCE at least, and 371 ethnic groups listed on this wiki. You'd think this section would be filled with cool information, but it really Needs Wiki Magic
Politics And Economy
- The country is known for a large film industry, nicknamed Nollywood.
- Famous authors are Wole Soyinka, first African to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature and Chinua Achebe, author of Things Fall Apart, the most widely-read modern African novel. Author Buchi Emecheta is also from Nigeria; most of her books are set there and have to do with the problems facing modern Nigerian women.
- The first album to bring African music to the west, Drums Of Passion was recorded by a Nigerian musician, Babatunde Olatunji.
- The most famous African musician in the world, Fela Kuti, founder of Afrobeat was born in Nigeria.
This is a list of the many, many peoples Nigeria boasts. Be warned, though, the list is somewhat flawed, not to mention inaccurate, as many Nigerians will point out on the popular website Nairaland.note
2 Abua (Odual)
3 Achipa (Achipawa)
10 Akaju-Ndem (Akajuk)
12 Alago (Arago)
20 Attakar (ataka)
21 Auyoka (Auyokawa)
32 Bambora (Bambarawa)
34 Banda (Bandawa)
35 Banka (Bankalawa)
36 Banso (Panso)
37 Bara (Barawa)
39 Baruba (Barba)
40 Bashiri (Bashirawa)
46 Bele (Buli Belewa)
47 Betso (Bete)
51 Bina (Binawa)
55 Boki (Nki)
57 Boko (Bussawa Bargawa)
58 Bole (Bolewa)
60 Boma (Bomawa Burmano)
68 Burma (Burmawa)
70 Buta (Butawa)
75 Chama (Chamawa Fitilai)
78 Chibok (Chibbak)
87 Danda (Dandawa)
89 Daza (Dere Derewa)
91 Deno (Denawa)
94 Doemak (Dumuk)
96 Duka (Dukawa)
97 Duma (Dumawa)
98 Ebana (Ebani)
99 Ebirra (lgbirra)
103 Egede (lgedde)
105 Egun (Gu) Lagos Ogun
110 Engenni (Ngene)
112 Esan (Ishan)
114 Etolu (Etilo)
119 Pulani (Pulbe)
120 Fyam (Fyem)
131 Gera (Gere Gerawa)
132 Geruma (Gerumawa)
133 Geruma (Gerumawa)
138 Gokana (Kana)
140 Gornun (Gmun)
142 Gubi (Gubawa)
149 Gwa (Gurawa)
152 Gwari (Gbari)
154 Gwoza (Waha)
157 Higi (Hig)
170 lsekiri (Itsekiri)
171 lyala (lyalla)
174 Jahuna (Jahunawa)
176 Jara (Jaar Jarawa Jarawa-Dutse)
177 Jere (Jare Jera Jera Jerawa)
181 Jimbin (Jimbinawa)
183 Jonjo (Jenjo)
189 Kaje (Kache)
190 Kajuru (Kajurawa)
192 Kamaku (Karnukawa)
196 Kanakuru (Dera)
201 Karekare (Karaikarai)
204 Katab (Kataf)
205 Kenern (Koenoem)
207 Kiballo (Kiwollo)
209 Kirfi (Kirfawa)
212 Koro (Kwaro)
213 Kubi (Kubawa)
214 Kudachano (Kudawa)
216 Kulere (Kaler)
224 Kwami (Kwom)
226 Kwanka (Kwankwa)
229 Kyenga (Kengawa)
230 Laaru (Larawa)
238 Lopa (Lupa Lopawa)
239 Longuda (Lunguda)
245 Mandara (Wandala)
246 Manga (Mangawa)
247 Margi (Marghi)
254 Memyang (Meryan)
256 Miligili (Migili)
257 Miya (Miyawa)
260 Moruwa (Moro'a Morwa)
264 Munga (Mupang)
266 Mwahavul (Mwaghavul)
270 Ngweshe (Ndhang.Ngoshe-Ndhang)
271 Ningi (Ningawa)
272 Ninzam (Ninzo)
276 Nokere (Nakere)
282 Okobo (Okkobor)
289 Pa'a (Pa'awa Afawa)
296 Polchi Habe
297 Pongo (Pongu)
299 Pyapun (Piapung)
301 Rebina (Rebinawa)
303 Rindire (Rendre)
313 Saya (Sayawa Za'ar)
314 Segidi (Sigidawa)
315 Shanga (Shangawa)
316 Shangawa (Shangau)
318 Shira (Shirawa)
322 Siri (Sirawa)
323 Srubu (Surubu)
329 Tera (Terawa)
330 Teshena (Teshenawa)
338 Ukwani (Kwale)
340 Uneme (Ineme)
341 Ura (Ula)
351 Warja (Warja)
358 Yakurr (Yako)
361 Yergan (Yergum)
369 Zarma (Zarmawa)
370 Zayam (Zeam)
371 Zul (Zulawa)
Here are some tropes commonly associated with Nigeria.
- 419 Scam: Unfortunately a few bad apples have given it a reputation as the world centre of email scams.
- Boisterous Bruiser: Supposedly has a reputation among other African nations for being proud and arrogant.
- I'm a Humanitarian: Recently in the news because of superstitions that eating an albino will bring superpowers. Actual cases are very rare.
- Nollywood: The Nigerian film industry has surpassed Hollywood in production and sales, and is now second in the world to Bollywood. Produces hundreds of movies in a month, often of variable quality, although some real gems can be found if willing to look for them.
- Loads and Loads of Characters: Played straight in that Nigeria has the most people in Africa. But if someone were to make a Hetalia-styled fanfic about Nigeria's tribes (no exceptions) it would have this result. Nigeria has over 250 tribes.
- Someone has indeed taken on that project on deviantart. But it only seems to be covering the 1900s with slight references to previous eras in the regions history with the effects of colonialism of the tribes. Probably helps that the author is from Nigeria.http://ikechi1.deviantart.com/art/Blood-of-the-Kingdoms-Prologue-361221967?q=gallery%3Aikechi1%2F15750270&qo=3
Many Nigerian jokes are of the self depreciating variety, talking about crime and the ineptitude of the government. Unless you are Nigerian, caution is advised
when telling these jokes.
- There was a machine that could catch thieves. In Great Britain it caught 1000 thieves. In the US it caught 2000 thieves. In Nigeria it got stolen.
- A plane was crashing. The pilot distributed parachutes and told people to jump out when they reached their stop. A Chinese man looked out and saw factories. "This must be my stop," he thought and jumped out. An American looked out and saw bright lights. "This must be my stop," he said, and jumped out. A Nigerian stuck his arm out the window. A few minutes later, the watch was stolen. "This must be my stop," he said, and jumped out.
- The American president was being given a tour of Nigeria by its president. "Why is the electricity always out," he asked. "The electricity is always out in the US too." The Nigerian president replied. To prove him wrong, the American president gave him a tour of his own country. Everywhere had power save one building. "Ha," said the Nigerian president, "That building has no power." The American president replied, "That is the Nigerian embassy."
- The former initials for the national electricity provider was NEPA (National Electric Power Authority). Nigerians claimed that it stood for Never Expect Power Anymore. When the initials changed to PHCN (Power Holding Company of Nigeria), the backronym was changed to Please Hold your Candle Now.
The Nigerian flag
- Wole Soyinka, first African to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, hails from here.
- Fantasy author Nnedi Okorafor's books often take place here and are based on the culture.
- Things Fall Apart, the most widely-read modern African novel, is set in Nigeria, as are many of author Chinua Achebe's other works.
- Author Buchi Emecheta is from Nigeria; most of her books are set there and have to do with the problems facing modern Nigerian women.
- Bloc Party frontman Kele Okereke is of Nigerian descent.
- The musical Fela, based on Nigerian musician and afrobeat genre maker Fela Kuti, is almost entirely set here and regarding his relationship with Nigerian history.
- Author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie attracted attention recently after an excerpt from a TED talk she gave on feminism was used by Beyoncé in her song "***Flawless". Adichie has also written several acclaimed novels set in Nigeria, including Purple Hibiscus and Half of a Yellow Sun, which was adapted into a film in 2013.
The green side stripes symbolize agriculture; the white central stripe symbolizes peace and unity.