Useful Notes: Nigeria
"Nigeria is a West African nation of over 100 million energetic people. It is endowed with lots of natural resources but lacks human resources."
Philip Emeagwali, famous Nigerian inventor (although we aren't really sure how important or prolific he is.)
"It seems that things are often going to fall apart in Nigeria, but against all odds, things come together."Welcome to The Federal Republic of Nigeria... TV Tropes page. Nigeria (Hausa: "Jamhuriyar Taraiyar Nijeriya",Yoruba: "Orílẹ̀-èdè Olómìnira Àpapọ̀ ilẹ̀ Nàìjíríà", Igbo: "Ọ̀hàńjíkọ̀ Ọ̀hànézè Naìjíríyà", Fulfulde: "Republik Federaal bu Niiseriya") is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country on Earth, with a population of about 170 million, it has over 200 ethnic groups. Nigeria is twice the size of California (and just as prolific in movies). As we can see, it is a big country. Growing, too: in 2050, Nigeria's population will dwarf that of the United States and of Britain, becoming 4th in population! It is also the largest economy of Africa, bigger than South Africa, and one of the top 30 economies in the world. So as you see, Nigeria is a giant. In fact, the Giant of Africa. While it may not be as developed as our rival South Africa, it truly is a force to be reckoned with. That is why you need to learn about this country- like it or not, this country will be a major player, and thus represented very much in Hollywood,for better or for worse. Basically, Nigeria is very, very diverse. Christians and Muslims and tribal people, Hausa and Yoruba and Igbo, etc, and this has caused much, much trouble. To make my point, there are about 371 ethnic groups, which I will name here. Let's see, there are the... note This is Serious Business. It has caused one Civil War and hideous human rights abuses in the north. Right now, Nigeria's main problem is its lack of unity. So what is Nigeria? Nigeria, contrarily to what people think, is named for the famous Niger River that flows from a spot in Guinea to the massive, oil-rich delta. Nigeria, in Latin, means "land of the blacks", which is definitely true- Nigeria can boast the largest number of black people as citizens. The Bantu peoples of Africa (which is basically all of Central and Southern Africa excluding the Khoisan and the Pygmies) actually stem from Nigeria itself! Likewise, close to 1/3 of all slaves in the transcontinental Western slave trade came from Nigeria, so most African-Americans are, in fact, Nigerian. Nigeria has had a history since time immemorial, starting from at least 11,000 BC. The earliest known Nigerians were the Nok culture, who were ironworkers who made terracotta sculptures. Then came the ethnic groups that make up Nigeria today, making city-states, ruled by chiefs. By the 1500s, these city-states became huge empires and kindgoms. Through the trade routes in the North for example, Hausa states adopted Islam. Around this time, the first Europeans started to come to Nigeria, trading with the peoples next to the coast, particularly the Benin Empire. Unfortunately, the British started to lay claims within the region, and claimed the whole region for theRoyal Niger Company in 1900, forming a colony. Naturally this didn’t dit well with many Nigerians, and after WWII, Nigerian nationalism started to grow. Since Independence in 1960, Nigeria has undergone a number of coups, a Civil War (in 1967-70 in which the Igbo of the south-east attempted to secede as Biafra), and various other schemes. The democratic periods are generally known as the Nth Republic; the current period is the Fourth Republic, which uses a system inspired in part by United States (a presidential system and a strong form of federalism) and in part by India (Nigerian states, like Indian ones, are organized on ethnic/linguistic lines). Our system also adds the somewhat novel idea of rotation in office between the country's two major groups; it's generally accepted that if a Muslim Northerner is a party's presidential candidate for two terms, the next two terms it will be a Christian Southerner's turn. This unofficial rule was screwed up somewhat by the death in office of the Fourth Republic's first Muslim president (Umaru Yar'Adua), who was succeeded by the current, Christian president Goodluck Jonathan. We have yet to see whether this arrangement falls by the wayside or not. You may have heard of Nigeria for its productive (if variable) movie industry called Nollywood. Nollywood makes more films than Hollywood. To learn more about Nollywood, look at the culture section. Unfortunately for Nigeria and its peoples and businesses everywhere, it's also infamous for its 419 email scams (named for the section of Nigerian law they violate). If you want to know more about Nigeria, you could always look at the tabs. note
Blaine Harden, head of the Washington Post Bureau in Sub-Saharan Africa in the 1960s.
Nigeria is a large land, which is unfortunately racked by some environmental stuff. You know, the Sahara encroaching in and becoming Sahel for everyone involved, the mangrove trees being viciously cut down for oil and such, Lake Chad slowly withering away, and the massive population which will become harder to feed as time goes on. It seems that the sea-green forests of our flag will just be a memory. But not really. Nigeria starts with The Northern Savannah, at the ends of the invading Sahel. It's predominately populated with Hausa and Fulani and Kanuri Muslims. This part of Nigeria is the stereotypical desert-and-camels area, despite it having a few trees. Much like the Deep South, it is religiously conservative (Muslim), full of cows, and exports cotton and peanuts. Unfortunately, Islamic fundamentalists and terrorists such as Boko Haram and Ansaru have really hit Northern Nigeria where it hurts, giving it sharia law and such. As we go south, we go to the Central Area. It is ethnically diverse, what with the Berom, Angas, Igbirra, Fulani, etc. peoples. The east central states are full of mountains, what with the highest point in Nigeria, Chappal Waddi (The mountain of Death) being here. The very southern part is a Rainforest Belt. It has the Edo people, Yoruba people, Ijaw People, Igbo people, Itsekiri people, Urhobo people, Efik people, Ibibio people, Annaang People, and Ejagham people. This is the place of oil and Christianity, something it shares with the Deep South. Still confusing? Fear not, curious troper! For we have organized Nigeria's geopolitical zones in one decisive matrix!
- Northern Nigeria: Ah, Northern Nigeria. It is populated by Muslims and have many, many more tribes than the south.. It is also quite bigger than the south, too. The North suffers harmattan, a fierce wind, in December, bringing dust from the Sahel. But don't worry! In addition to peanuts, sorghum, pearl millet, and other crops, cattle is also very, very important. Unfortunately, Northern Nigeria hasn't been the most stable place. Most of the Muslim northern states (which will be indentified with a crescent-and-moon symbol) adopted sharia law in 2000, taking advantage of the newborn ineffective government. To add to this, Boko Haram have waged war in this area, bombing churches and killing Muslims themselves for not "supporting their cause." (read: being sane.) What jerks.
- North-Central, North-West, and North-East Nigeria.
- Southern Nigeria: Southern Nigeria has most of the Christians, in addition to the indigenous believers. It is much smaller than the North but still has just as much people. Southern Nigeria has the rainforests and oil, and gets many of its money this way. In addition to this, Lagos, the largest city in Nigeria, is here. The Niger River ends here, spreading out in a fine brown delta, which also causes problems: Oil is being abused and wasted here. Oil pollution has messed up people's lives here, unfortunately,, and to top it off, they don't even get most of the income. Naturally, many are offended and disgusted. The delta has mangrove trees.
- Southeast and South-south Nigeria:
- Southeast Nigeria.
- Southeast and South-south Nigeria:
- Southwest Nigeria.
- Southsouth Nigeria.
- Lagos. Famous for its crazy traffic jams, glorious face-me-I-face-you architecture, crowdedness, slums, and its popular governor Babatunde Fashola. With 12.09 million people in it's administrative area and 21 million in it's urban agglomeration, it is Africa's largest city, leaving Cairo either a close or a far second depending on how you count.note Be warned - Lagos, much like Chicago or Detroit was, is not the ideal tourist spot. Ask Paul McCartney. When he and his wife went to Lagos, well, it's a long story. But Lagos has its charms.
- Abuja. Capital of Nigeria. Notable for being the capital of Nigeria and not much else, really.
- Kano. Kano and its eponymous Kano State have peanuts, indigo, and camels. How lovely.
- Jos. Jos lies on top of the Jos Plateau, a region full of strife as the nomadic Muslims and the city-living Christians duke it out. Notable for being a haven for lost Doctor Who episodes. Just another reason to love Nigeria!
- Ibadan. Holy crap, Ibadan. If you have the pleasure of looking at a satellite map of Nigeria, you will notice Ibadan. The third-largest city in Nigeria, it has a zoo, red roofs, and anarchy.
- Port Harcourt. Or Pot-a-kot if you want to say it the Pidgin way. The place where oil is processed, mostly, and shipped around the world.
- Enugu. Enugu is the capital of Igboland and formerly of Biafra. Biafra was a seccesionist state which we will discuss in the History zone.
- Calabar. Calabar is one of the nicer cities of Nigeria, and a trade city.
- Maidiguri. Home of Peace.
- Sokoto. Home of the Caliph, the spiritual leader of Nigeria's Muslims. Denounced those bastards Boko Haram.
- Benin City: Benin City, the capital of Edo State. The Oba of Benin lives there. Said to have one of the largest walls in the world, before 1897 of course.
As stated above, Nigeria has had civilization since 11,000 BCE at least, and 371 ethnic groups listed on this wiki. You'd think this section would be filled with cool information, but it really Needs Wiki Magic.
Politics And Economy
- If you came here to research the ruling family of Nigeria, we can safely tell you that no, Nigeria does not have a prince. What few descendants of the monarchies remain would never identify as "princes", though they hold office in one of three polities as "constituent monarchs" (read: they are entirely subservient to the President of Nigeria and have no sovereign power).
- The country is known for a large film industry, nicknamed Nollywood.
- Famous authors are Wole Soyinka, first African to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature and Chinua Achebe, author of Things Fall Apart, the most widely-read modern African novel. Author Buchi Emecheta is also from Nigeria; most of her books are set there and have to do with the problems facing modern Nigerian women.
- The first album to bring African music to the west, Drums Of Passion was recorded by a Nigerian musician, Babatunde Olatunji.
- The most famous African musician in the world, Fela Kuti, founder of Afrobeat was born in Nigeria.
This is a list of the many, many peoples Nigeria boasts. Be warned, though, the list is somewhat flawed, not to mention inaccurate, as many Nigerians will point out on the popular website Nairaland.note 1 Abayon 2 Abua (Odual) 3 Achipa (Achipawa) 4 Adim 5 Adun 6 Affade 7 Afizere 8 Afo 9 Agbo 10 Akaju-Ndem (Akajuk) 11 Akweya-Yachi 12 Alago (Arago) 13 Amo 14 Anaguta 15 Anang 16 Andoni 17 Angas 18 Ankwei 19 Anyima 20 Attakar (ataka) 21 Auyoka (Auyokawa) 22 Awori 23 Ayu 24 Babur 25 Bachama 26 Bachere 27 Bada 28 Bade 29 Bahumono 30 Bakulung 31 Bali 32 Bambora (Bambarawa) 33 Bambuko 34 Banda (Bandawa) 35 Banka (Bankalawa) 36 Banso (Panso) 37 Bara (Barawa) 38 Barke 39 Baruba (Barba) 40 Bashiri (Bashirawa) 41 Bassa 42 Batta 43 Baushi 44 Baya 45 Bekwarra 46 Bele (Buli Belewa) 47 Betso (Bete) 48 Bette 49 Bilei 50 Bille 51 Bina (Binawa) 52 Bini 53 Birom 54 Bobua 55 Boki (Nki) 56 Bkkos 57 Boko (Bussawa Bargawa) 58 Bole (Bolewa) 59 Botlere 60 Boma (Bomawa Burmano) 61 Bomboro 62 Buduma 63 Buji 64 Buli 65 Bunu 66 Bura 67 Burak 68 Burma (Burmawa) 69 Buru 70 Buta (Butawa) 71 Bwall 72 Bwatiye 73 Bwazza 74 Challa 75 Chama (Chamawa Fitilai) 76 Chamba 77 Chamo 78 Chibok (Chibbak) 79 Chinine 80 Chip 81 Chokobo 82 Chukkol 83 Daba 84 Dadiya 85 Daka 86 Dakarkari 87 Danda (Dandawa) 88 Dangsa 89 Daza (Dere Derewa) 90 Degema 91 Deno (Denawa) 92 Dghwede 93 Diba 94 Doemak (Dumuk) 95 Ouguri 96 Duka (Dukawa) 97 Duma (Dumawa) 98 Ebana (Ebani) 99 Ebirra (lgbirra) 100 Ebu 101 Efik 102 Egbema 103 Egede (lgedde) 104 Eggon 105 Egun (Gu) Lagos Ogun 106 Ejagham 107 Ekajuk 108 Eket 109 Ekoi 110 Engenni (Ngene) 111 Epie 112 Esan (Ishan) 113 Etche 114 Etolu (Etilo) 115 Etsako 116 Etung 117 Etuno 118 Palli 119 Pulani (Pulbe) 120 Fyam (Fyem) 121 Fyer(Fer) 122 Ga'anda 123 Gade 124 Galambi 125 Gamergu-Mulgwa 126 Qanawuri 127 Gavako 128 Gbedde 129 Gengle 130 Geji 131 Gera (Gere Gerawa) 132 Geruma (Gerumawa) 133 Geruma (Gerumawa) 134 Gingwak 135 Gira 136 Gizigz 137 Goernai 138 Gokana (Kana) 139 Gombi 140 Gornun (Gmun) 141 Gonia 142 Gubi (Gubawa) 143 Gude 144 Gudu 145 Gure 146 Gurmana 147 Gururntum 148 Gusu 149 Gwa (Gurawa) 150 Gwamba 151 Gwandara 152 Gwari (Gbari) 153 Gwom 154 Gwoza (Waha) 155 Gyem 156 Hausa 157 Higi (Hig) 158 Holma 159 Hona 160 Ibeno 161 Ibibio 162 Ichen 163 Idoma 164 Igalla 165 lgbo 166 ljumu 167 Ikorn 168 Irigwe 169 Isoko 170 lsekiri (Itsekiri) 171 lyala (lyalla) 172 lzon 173 Jaba 174 Jahuna (Jahunawa) 175 Jaku 176 Jara (Jaar Jarawa Jarawa-Dutse) 177 Jere (Jare Jera Jera Jerawa) 178 Jero 179 Jibu 180 Jidda-Abu 181 Jimbin (Jimbinawa) 182 Jirai 183 Jonjo (Jenjo) 184 Jukun 185 Kaba(Kabawa) 186 Kadara 187 Kafanchan 188 Kagoro 189 Kaje (Kache) 190 Kajuru (Kajurawa) 191 Kaka 192 Kamaku (Karnukawa) 193 Kambari 194 Kambu 195 Kamo 196 Kanakuru (Dera) 197 Kanembu 198 Kanikon 199 Kantana 200 Kanufi 201 Karekare (Karaikarai) 202 Karimjo 203 Kariya 204 Katab (Kataf) 205 Kenern (Koenoem) 206 Kenton 207 Kiballo (Kiwollo) 208 Kilba 209 Kirfi (Kirfawa) 210 Koma 211 Kona 212 Koro (Kwaro) 213 Kubi (Kubawa) 214 Kudachano (Kudawa) 215 Kugama 216 Kulere (Kaler) 217 Kunini 218 Kurama 219 Kurdul 220 Kushi 221 Kuteb 222 Kutin 223 Kwalla 224 Kwami (Kwom) 225 Kwanchi 226 Kwanka (Kwankwa) 227 Kwaro 228 Kwato 229 Kyenga (Kengawa) 230 Laaru (Larawa) 231 Lakka 232 Lala 233 Lama 234 Lamja 235 Lau 236 Ubbo 237 Limono 238 Lopa (Lupa Lopawa) 239 Longuda (Lunguda) 240 Mabo 241 Mada 242 Mama 243 Mambilla 244 Manchok 245 Mandara (Wandala) 246 Manga (Mangawa) 247 Margi (Marghi) 248 Matakarn 249 Mbembe 250 Mbol 251 Mbube 252 Mbula 253 Mbum 254 Memyang (Meryan) 255 Miango 256 Miligili (Migili) 257 Miya (Miyawa) 258 Mobber 259 Montol 260 Moruwa (Moro'a Morwa) 261 Muchaila 262 Mumuye 263 Mundang 264 Munga (Mupang) 265 Mushere 266 Mwahavul (Mwaghavul) 267 Ndoro 268 Ngamo 269 Ngizim 270 Ngweshe (Ndhang.Ngoshe-Ndhang) 271 Ningi (Ningawa) 272 Ninzam (Ninzo) 273 Njayi 274 Nkim 275 Nkum 276 Nokere (Nakere) 277 Nunku 278 Nupe 279 Nyandang 280 Ododop 281 Ogori 282 Okobo (Okkobor) 283 Okpamheri 284 Olulumo 285 Oron 286 Owan 287 Owe 288 Oworo 289 Pa'a (Pa'awa Afawa) 290 Pai 291 Panyam 292 Pero 293 Pire 294 Pkanzom 295 Poll 296 Polchi Habe 297 Pongo (Pongu) 298 Potopo 299 Pyapun (Piapung) 300 Qua 301 Rebina (Rebinawa) 302 Reshe 303 Rindire (Rendre) 304 Rishuwa 305 Ron 306 Rubu 307 Rukuba 308 Rumada 309 Rumaya 310 Sakbe 311 Sanga 312 Sate 313 Saya (Sayawa Za'ar) 314 Segidi (Sigidawa) 315 Shanga (Shangawa) 316 Shangawa (Shangau) 317 Shan-Shan 318 Shira (Shirawa) 319 Shomo 320 Shuwa 321 Sikdi 322 Siri (Sirawa) 323 Srubu (Surubu) 324 Sukur 325 Sura 326 Tangale 327 Tarok 328 Teme 329 Tera (Terawa) 330 Teshena (Teshenawa) 331 Tigon 332 Tikar 333 Tiv 334 Tula 335 Tur 336 Ufia 337 Ukelle 338 Ukwani (Kwale) 339 Uncinda 340 Uneme (Ineme) 341 Ura (Ula) 342 Urhobo 343 Utonkong 344 Uyanga 345 Vemgo 346 Verre 347 Vommi 348 Wagga 349 Waja 350 Waka 351 Warja (Warja) 352 Warji 353 Wula 354 Wurbo 355 Wurkun 356 Yache 357 Yagba 358 Yakurr (Yako) 359 Yalla 360 Yandang 361 Yergan (Yergum) 362 Yoruba 363 Yott 364 Yumu 365 Yungur 366 Yuom 367 Zabara 368 Zaranda 369 Zarma (Zarmawa) 370 Zayam (Zeam) 371 Zul (Zulawa)
Here are some tropes commonly associated with Nigeria.
- 419 Scam: Unfortunately a few bad apples have given it a reputation as the world centre of email scams.
- Boisterous Bruiser: Supposedly has a reputation among other African nations for being proud and arrogant.
- I'm a Humanitarian: Recently in the news because of superstitions that eating an albino will bring superpowers. Actual cases are very rare.
- Nollywood: The Nigerian film industry has surpassed Hollywood in production and sales, and is now second in the world to Bollywood. Produces hundreds of movies in a month, often of variable quality, although some real gems can be found if willing to look for them.
- Loads and Loads of Characters: Played straight in that Nigeria has the most people in Africa. But if someone were to make a Hetalia-styled fanfic about Nigeria's tribes (no exceptions) it would have this result. Nigeria has over 250 tribes.
- Someone has indeed taken on that project on deviantart. But it only seems to be covering the 1900s with slight references to previous eras in the regions history with the effects of colonialism of the tribes. Probably helps that the author is from Nigeria.http://ikechi1.deviantart.com/art/Blood-of-the-Kingdoms-Prologue-361221967?q=gallery%3Aikechi1%2F15750270&qo=3
Many Nigerian jokes are of the self depreciating variety, talking about crime and the ineptitude of the government. Unless you are Nigerian, caution is advised when telling these jokes.
- There was a machine that could catch thieves. In Great Britain it caught 1000 thieves. In the US it caught 2000 thieves. In Nigeria it got stolen.
- A plane was crashing. The pilot distributed parachutes and told people to jump out when they reached their stop. A Chinese man looked out and saw factories. "This must be my stop," he thought and jumped out. An American looked out and saw bright lights. "This must be my stop," he said, and jumped out. A Nigerian stuck his arm out the window. A few minutes later, the watch was stolen. "This must be my stop," he said, and jumped out.
- The American president was being given a tour of Nigeria by its president. "Why is the electricity always out," he asked. "The electricity is always out in the US too." The Nigerian president replied. To prove him wrong, the American president gave him a tour of his own country. Everywhere had power save one building. "Ha," said the Nigerian president, "That building has no power." The American president replied, "That is the Nigerian embassy."
- The former initials for the national electricity provider was NEPA (National Electric Power Authority). Nigerians claimed that it stood for Never Expect Power Anymore. When the initials changed to PHCN (Power Holding Company of Nigeria), the backronym was changed to Please Hold your Candle Now.
- Wole Soyinka, first African to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, hails from here.
- Fantasy author Nnedi Okorafor's books often take place here and are based on the culture.
- Things Fall Apart, the most widely-read modern African novel, is set in Nigeria, as are many of author Chinua Achebe's other works.
- Author Buchi Emecheta is from Nigeria; most of her books are set there and have to do with the problems facing modern Nigerian women.
- Bloc Party frontman Kele Okereke is of Nigerian descent.
- The musical Fela, based on Nigerian musician and afrobeat genre maker Fela Kuti, is almost entirely set here and regarding his relationship with Nigerian history.
- Author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie attracted attention recently after an excerpt from a TED talk she gave on feminism was used by Beyoncé in her song "***Flawless". Adichie has also written several acclaimed novels set in Nigeria, including Purple Hibiscus and Half of a Yellow Sun, which was adapted into a film in 2013.
See also:The Nigerian flag
The green side stripes symbolize agriculture; the white central stripe symbolizes peace and unity.