"Nigeria is a West African nation of over 100 million energetic people. It is endowed with lots of natural resources but lacks human resources."
Philip Emeagwali, famous Nigerian inventor (although we aren't really sure how important or prolific he is.)
"It seems that things are often going to fall apart in Nigeria, but against all odds, things come together."Ah, The Federal Republic of Nigeria. (Keeping in par with the other Useful Notes country examples, we will try to get the Federal Republic of Nigeria in as much indigenous languages as we can. However, as Nigeria has about 200-500 languages, it would be a long term effort.) Nigeria (Hausa: "Jamhuriyar Taraiyar Nijeriya",Yoruba: "Orílẹ̀-èdè Olómìnira Àpapọ̀ ilẹ̀ Nàìjíríà", Igbo: "Ọ̀hàńjíkọ̀ Ọ̀hànézè Naìjíríyà") is the most populous country in Africa and the eighth most populous country on Earth, with a population of about 155 million, it has over 200 different official ethnic groups. Nigeria is twice the size of California (and just as prolific in movies), and with one third the size of the United States. As we can see, it is a big country. Growing, too: in 2050, Nigeria's population will dwarf that of the United States and of Britain, becoming 4th in population! It will also be the largest economy of Africa, overtaking South Africa, and being one of the top 20 economies in the world. So as you see, Nigeria is a giant. In fact, the Giant of Africa. While it may not be as developed as our rival South Africa, it truly is a force to be reckoned with. That is why you need to learn about this country- like it or not, this country will be a major player, and thus represented very much in Hollywood,for better or for worse. This giant is made of many parts. Basically, Nigeria is very, very diverse. Christians and Muslims and indigenous people, Hausa and Yoruba and Igbo, etc, and this has caused much, much trouble. To make my point, there are about 371 ethnic groups, which I will name here. Let's see, there are the... note This is Serious Business. It has caused one Civil War and at hideous human rights abuses in the north. Right now, Nigeria's main problem is its lack of unity. So what is Nigeria? Nigeria, contrarily to what people think, is named for the famous Niger River that flows from a spot in Guinea to the massive, oil-rich delta. In a purely coincidental turn of events, Nigeria, in Latin, means "land of the blacks", which is definitely true- Nigeria can boast the largest number of black people as citizens. You know all of the Bantu people from Nigeria? Mandela? Tutu? Kenyatta? All of them come from Nigeria's Cross River Region, originally of course. Likewise, close to 1/3 of all slaves in the transontinental Westen slave trade came from Nigeria, so most African-Americans are, in fact, Nigerian. Nigeria is very, very proud of its rivers, most notably the Niger and the Benue, and its land, the inspiration for our fabulous sea-green flag. In practice, the damned oil-men of Shell, BP, and Chevron have sucked our fair country's resources leaving death and destruction in our wake, and killing our peoples, and giving none of it to us proud Nigerians, and... Sorry, went off on a tangent there. In real life, Nigeria's economy is based on oil, and lots of it. But here is not the place to discuss what the oil does to Nigeria. That's for the Economy Section. If you want to add more stuff about Nigeria, please do it in the sections provided. Thank you. Nigeria has a wonderful history of powerful empires, such as the Nok culture, the Oyo culture, the various emirates of the north, Benin, and the Aro confederacy, great artwork (you may have heard of the Benin masks), and relative peace. And then colonialism came. Since Independence in 1960, Nigeria has undergone a number of coups, a Civil War (in 1967-70 in which the Igbo of the south-east attempted to secede as Biafra), and various other schemes. The democratic periods are generally known as the Nth Republic; the current period is the Fourth Republic, which uses a system inspired in part by United States (a presidential system and a strong form of federalism) and in part by India (Nigerian states, like Indian ones, are organized on ethnic/linguistic lines). Our system also adds the somewhat novel idea of rotation in office between the country's two major groups; it's generally accepted that if a Muslim Northerner is a party's presidential candidate for two terms, the next two terms it will be a Christian Southerner's turn. This unofficial rule was screwed up somewhat by the death in office of the Fourth Republic's first Muslim president (Umaru Yar'Adua), who was succeeded by the current, Christian president Goodluck Jonathan. We have yet to see whether this arrangement falls by the wayside or not. You may have heard of Nigeria for its productive (if variable) movie industry called Nollywood. Nollywood makes more films than Hollywood. To learn more about Nollywood, look at the culture section. Unfortunately for Nigeria and its peoples and businesses everywhere, it's also infamous for its 419 email scams (named for the section of Nigerian law they violate). If you want to know more about Nigeria, you could always look at the tabs. note
Blaine Harden, head of the Washington Post Bureau in Sub-Saharan Africa in the 1960s.
Nigeria is a large land, the largest in West Africa, which is unfortunately racked by some environmental stuff. You know, the Sahara encroaching in and becoming Sahel for everyone involved, the mangrove trees being viciously cut down for oil and such, Lake Chad slowly withering away, and the massive population which will become harder to feed as time goes on. It seems that the sea-green forests of our flag will just be a memory. But not really. Nigeria starts with The Northern Savannah, at the ends of the invading Sahel. It's predominately populated with Hausa and Fulani and Kanuri Muslims. This part of Nigeria is the stereotypical desert-and-camels area, despite it having a few trees. Much like the Deep South, it is religiously conservative (Muslim), full of cows, and exports cotton and peanuts. Unfortunately, Islamic fundamentalists and terrorists such as Boko Haram and Ansaru have really hit Northern Nigeria where it hurts, giving it sharia law and such. As we go south, we go to the Central Area. It is ethnically diverse, what with the Berom, Angas, Igbirra, Fulani, etc. peoples. The east central states are full of mountains, what with the highest point in Nigeria, Chappal Waddi (The mountain of Death) being here. The very southern part is a Rainforest Belt. It has the Edo people, Yoruba people, Ijaw People, Igbo people, Itsekiri people, Urhobo people, Efik people, Ibibio people, Annaang People, and Ejagham people. This is the place of oil and Christianity, something it shares with the Deep South. Still confusing? Fear not, curious troper! For we have organized Nigeria's geopolitical zones in one decisive matrix!
Politics And Economy
This is a list of the many, many peoples Nigeria boasts. Be warned, though, the list is somewhat flawed, not to mention inaccurate, as many Nigerians will point out on the popular website Nairaland.note 1 Abayon 2 Abua (Odual) 3 Achipa (Achipawa) 4 Adim 5 Adun 6 Affade 7 Afizere 8 Afo 9 Agbo 10 Akaju-Ndem (Akajuk) 11 Akweya-Yachi 12 Alago (Arago) 13 Amo 14 Anaguta 15 Anang 16 Andoni 17 Angas 18 Ankwei 19 Anyima 20 Attakar (ataka) 21 Auyoka (Auyokawa) 22 Awori 23 Ayu 24 Babur 25 Bachama 26 Bachere 27 Bada 28 Bade 29 Bahumono 30 Bakulung 31 Bali 32 Bambora (Bambarawa) 33 Bambuko 34 Banda (Bandawa) 35 Banka (Bankalawa) 36 Banso (Panso) 37 Bara (Barawa) 38 Barke 39 Baruba (Barba) 40 Bashiri (Bashirawa) 41 Bassa 42 Batta 43 Baushi 44 Baya 45 Bekwarra 46 Bele (Buli Belewa) 47 Betso (Bete) 48 Bette 49 Bilei 50 Bille 51 Bina (Binawa) 52 Bini 53 Birom 54 Bobua 55 Boki (Nki) 56 Bkkos 57 Boko (Bussawa Bargawa) 58 Bole (Bolewa) 59 Botlere 60 Boma (Bomawa Burmano) 61 Bomboro 62 Buduma 63 Buji 64 Buli 65 Bunu 66 Bura 67 Burak 68 Burma (Burmawa) 69 Buru 70 Buta (Butawa) 71 Bwall 72 Bwatiye 73 Bwazza 74 Challa 75 Chama (Chamawa Fitilai) 76 Chamba 77 Chamo 78 Chibok (Chibbak) 79 Chinine 80 Chip 81 Chokobo 82 Chukkol 83 Daba 84 Dadiya 85 Daka 86 Dakarkari 87 Danda (Dandawa) 88 Dangsa 89 Daza (Dere Derewa) 90 Degema 91 Deno (Denawa) 92 Dghwede 93 Diba 94 Doemak (Dumuk) 95 Ouguri 96 Duka (Dukawa) 97 Duma (Dumawa) 98 Ebana (Ebani) 99 Ebirra (lgbirra) 100 Ebu 101 Efik 102 Egbema 103 Egede (lgedde) 104 Eggon 105 Egun (Gu) Lagos Ogun 106 Ejagham 107 Ekajuk 108 Eket 109 Ekoi 110 Engenni (Ngene) 111 Epie 112 Esan (Ishan) 113 Etche 114 Etolu (Etilo) 115 Etsako 116 Etung 117 Etuno 118 Palli 119 Pulani (Pulbe) 120 Fyam (Fyem) 121 Fyer(Fer) 122 Ga'anda 123 Gade 124 Galambi 125 Gamergu-Mulgwa 126 Qanawuri 127 Gavako 128 Gbedde 129 Gengle 130 Geji 131 Gera (Gere Gerawa) 132 Geruma (Gerumawa) 133 Geruma (Gerumawa) 134 Gingwak 135 Gira 136 Gizigz 137 Goernai 138 Gokana (Kana) 139 Gombi 140 Gornun (Gmun) 141 Gonia 142 Gubi (Gubawa) 143 Gude 144 Gudu 145 Gure 146 Gurmana 147 Gururntum 148 Gusu 149 Gwa (Gurawa) 150 Gwamba 151 Gwandara 152 Gwari (Gbari) 153 Gwom 154 Gwoza (Waha) 155 Gyem 156 Hausa 157 Higi (Hig) 158 Holma 159 Hona 160 Ibeno 161 Ibibio 162 Ichen 163 Idoma 164 Igalla 165 lgbo 166 ljumu 167 Ikorn 168 Irigwe 169 Isoko 170 lsekiri (Itsekiri) 171 lyala (lyalla) 172 lzon 173 Jaba 174 Jahuna (Jahunawa) 175 Jaku 176 Jara (Jaar Jarawa Jarawa-Dutse) 177 Jere (Jare Jera Jera Jerawa) 178 Jero 179 Jibu 180 Jidda-Abu 181 Jimbin (Jimbinawa) 182 Jirai 183 Jonjo (Jenjo) 184 Jukun 185 Kaba(Kabawa) 186 Kadara 187 Kafanchan 188 Kagoro 189 Kaje (Kache) 190 Kajuru (Kajurawa) 191 Kaka 192 Kamaku (Karnukawa) 193 Kambari 194 Kambu 195 Kamo 196 Kanakuru (Dera) 197 Kanembu 198 Kanikon 199 Kantana 200 Kanufi 201 Karekare (Karaikarai) 202 Karimjo 203 Kariya 204 Katab (Kataf) 205 Kenern (Koenoem) 206 Kenton 207 Kiballo (Kiwollo) 208 Kilba 209 Kirfi (Kirfawa) 210 Koma 211 Kona 212 Koro (Kwaro) 213 Kubi (Kubawa) 214 Kudachano (Kudawa) 215 Kugama 216 Kulere (Kaler) 217 Kunini 218 Kurama 219 Kurdul 220 Kushi 221 Kuteb 222 Kutin 223 Kwalla 224 Kwami (Kwom) 225 Kwanchi 226 Kwanka (Kwankwa) 227 Kwaro 228 Kwato 229 Kyenga (Kengawa) 230 Laaru (Larawa) 231 Lakka 232 Lala 233 Lama 234 Lamja 235 Lau 236 Ubbo 237 Limono 238 Lopa (Lupa Lopawa) 239 Longuda (Lunguda) 240 Mabo 241 Mada 242 Mama 243 Mambilla 244 Manchok 245 Mandara (Wandala) 246 Manga (Mangawa) 247 Margi (Marghi) 248 Matakarn 249 Mbembe 250 Mbol 251 Mbube 252 Mbula 253 Mbum 254 Memyang (Meryan) 255 Miango 256 Miligili (Migili) 257 Miya (Miyawa) 258 Mobber 259 Montol 260 Moruwa (Moro'a Morwa) 261 Muchaila 262 Mumuye 263 Mundang 264 Munga (Mupang) 265 Mushere 266 Mwahavul (Mwaghavul) 267 Ndoro 268 Ngamo 269 Ngizim 270 Ngweshe (Ndhang.Ngoshe-Ndhang) 271 Ningi (Ningawa) 272 Ninzam (Ninzo) 273 Njayi 274 Nkim 275 Nkum 276 Nokere (Nakere) 277 Nunku 278 Nupe 279 Nyandang 280 Ododop 281 Ogori 282 Okobo (Okkobor) 283 Okpamheri 284 Olulumo 285 Oron 286 Owan 287 Owe 288 Oworo 289 Pa'a (Pa'awa Afawa) 290 Pai 291 Panyam 292 Pero 293 Pire 294 Pkanzom 295 Poll 296 Polchi Habe 297 Pongo (Pongu) 298 Potopo 299 Pyapun (Piapung) 300 Qua 301 Rebina (Rebinawa) 302 Reshe 303 Rindire (Rendre) 304 Rishuwa 305 Ron 306 Rubu 307 Rukuba 308 Rumada 309 Rumaya 310 Sakbe 311 Sanga 312 Sate 313 Saya (Sayawa Za'ar) 314 Segidi (Sigidawa) 315 Shanga (Shangawa) 316 Shangawa (Shangau) 317 Shan-Shan 318 Shira (Shirawa) 319 Shomo 320 Shuwa 321 Sikdi 322 Siri (Sirawa) 323 Srubu (Surubu) 324 Sukur 325 Sura 326 Tangale 327 Tarok 328 Teme 329 Tera (Terawa) 330 Teshena (Teshenawa) 331 Tigon 332 Tikar 333 Tiv 334 Tula 335 Tur 336 Ufia 337 Ukelle 338 Ukwani (Kwale) 339 Uncinda 340 Uneme (Ineme) 341 Ura (Ula) 342 Urhobo 343 Utonkong 344 Uyanga 345 Vemgo 346 Verre 347 Vommi 348 Wagga 349 Waja 350 Waka 351 Warja (Warja) 352 Warji 353 Wula 354 Wurbo 355 Wurkun 356 Yache 357 Yagba 358 Yakurr (Yako) 359 Yalla 360 Yandang 361 Yergan (Yergum) 362 Yoruba 363 Yott 364 Yumu 365 Yungur 366 Yuom 367 Zabara 368 Zaranda 369 Zarma (Zarmawa) 370 Zayam (Zeam) 371 Zul (Zulawa)Here are some tropes commonly associated with Nigeria.
The green side stripes symbolize agriculture; the white central stripe symbolizes peace and unity.