Niger, officially known as the Republic of Niger (French: République du Niger), is a West African country located right in the middle of the Sahara. As with many other Saharan countries, it has a vast area but a small population primarily concentrated in the moderate south. While Its population are overwhelmingly Muslim (99%) with some bits of Christians populating the south, and its people mainly speak an Afroasiatic language (Hausa), it is still considered a West (not North) African and is also not a part of the Arab world, even though it borders two Arab countriesnote and one non-Arab but still having Arabic as an official languagenote (so it's a part of the OICnote but not the Arab League). Niger itself recognizes French as the sole official language and is thus a part of the La Francophonie. It's also one of the world's most impoverished nations and quite possibly the most impoverished nation on Earth.
- The average life span in the United States and most of the developed world is 75-83 years. It's 36 years old for both sexes in Niger.
- The adult mortality rate is over 51%.
- It has the world's highest fertility rate (7.6 children/woman) which led to the world's highest infant mortality rate and how over 50% of the population is under 15.
Orange symbolizes either the Sahara Desert or the slightly more fertile Sahel region, both of which dominate the north; white symbolizes either purity or the Niger River; and green symbolizes either hope or the fertile southern half of Niger; the orange roundel in the middle can symbolize either the sun or independence.