[[quoteright:237:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/africa_8207.jpg]]

->''It's gonna take a lot to drag me away from youuuuu''
->''There's nothing that a hundred men or more could ever dooooo''
->''I bless the rains down in Africaaaaa''
->''It's gonna take some time to do the things we never haaaaa-aaad, woo-oo''
-->-- '''Music/{{Toto}}'s "Africa"''', a song about a white man trying to write about Africa but struggling because he's never been there.

The second largest continent in the world after Asia in both geographic size and population, Africa covers one-fifth of the Earth's land surface and contains 54 countries[[note]]56 if you include the separatist states of Western Sahara/Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and Somaliland, from Morocco and Somalia respectively. While 46 nations recognize Western Sahara (there use to be 85 countries that recognized it, but 39 of those froze, suspended or withdrew recognition), the arguably more legitimate Somaliland has absolutely no recognition from anybody at all[[/note]], 8 dependencies, two thousand languages and upwards of a billion people. Its primary cultural divide is between the Muslim states north of the Sahara as well as Sudan (known collectively as North Africa), which have more in common with the rest of the Arab world than with the rest of the continent, and "Black Africa" or sub-Saharan Africa further south. There are a ''lot'' of other divisions, though, including the differences between Southern Africa and the rest of sub-Saharan Africa, and the transition zones just south of the Sahara: the primarily-Arab [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sahel Sahel]] and primarily-"African" [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sudan_(region) Sudan]] (which confusingly does not include the country of Sudan, where the people are for the most part culturally Arab but look "African" to outsiders).[[note]]This makes sense if you know Arabic; "Sudan" in Arabic means "Land of the Blacks," but historically this was purely a comment on skin color rather than identifying some "race" of people distinguished from Arabs. As there had always been dark-skinned Arabs, the "Blacks" in question could also be Arab.[[/note]]

Africa is ''much'' bigger than most people realize, largely because of the distortions formed by creating a flat map of the round Earth, which also has the unfortunate side effect of making UsefulNotes/{{Greenland}} look way bigger than it actually is (in reality, Greenland is over 250 km2 smaller than Africa's second-largest country, the DR Congo). To get an idea of its scale, it is comparable to the continents of Antarctica, Europe and Oceania ''combined''. Of course, that can also be attributed to the fact that Africa quite possibly constitutes the world's biggest HufflepuffHouse in spite of housing a billion plus people, with only Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa really being known to the general Western public...

The continent is often stereotyped by Westerners as the land of [[PerpetualPoverty poor]], [[NeverLearnedToRead illiterate]], [[IllGirl sick]] blacks who wage war often against [[PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny repressive governments]] led by [[TheMadHatter loony presidents]] who [[ItsAllAboutMe have the ego the length of the seventh heaven]] and/or the land of starving children living among [[TheSavageSouth untamed wilderness]] who warrant [[CondescendingCompassion sympathy]] from [[MightyWhitey rich whites]] to [[WhiteMansBurden conque-er, "educate" them]], yet are always hindered by [[AfricanTerrorists western-hating terrorists]] who would [[MadeASlave smuggle people in and out]] for [[MoneyDearBoy blood diamonds]] or [[TheFundamentalist declare religious utopia somewhere]]. The only exception tends to be South Africa, due to being more technologically advanced than the rest of the continent, a little more Western culturally and politically and having a notable white minority, though it has it's own nasty stereotypes, particularly in regards to race issues. Sadly, those kinds of stereotypes are exactly why most of Africa becomes so unknown to the West and why so little media can accurately depict its culture and other peculiarities, or what and why and how the problems are affecting the continent the way it is, and whether it is because of excessive racism and xenophobia or just plain ignorance is left to interpretation. Many countries in Africa are actually growing quickly economically and urban-wise thanks to Chinese investment in recent times, especially West African countries like Ghana, Liberia and Nigeria, and a lot of the problems with modern Africa can be traced back to the European colonization of the continent.

In case you are wondering about African-Americans, they are American-born descendants of Africans brought over to UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates as slaves in the Atlantic slave trade, particularly West Africans (with most African-Americans being of Nigerian descent) and Central Africans. They are not to be confused with Africans from the continent itself, though African-Americans did establish a country in West Africa, Liberia (which is notably one of the only two countries in the continent that weren't colonized by Europeans during the 19th century, the other being Ethiopia[[note]]Ethiopia was briefly taken over by UsefulNotes/FascistItaly in the 20th century, however[[/note]]), with that country having it's own unique ethnic group, Americo-Liberians, as a result, and they also founded the capital of Sierra Leone, Freetown. Most Caribs are also descended from West Africans brought to the islands by Europeans in the same slave trade, and UsefulNotes/TheCaribbean in general has many aspects of West African culture in it's own culture.

For Africa in fiction, see {{Afrofuturism}}, AncientAfrica, {{Bulungi}} and DarkestAfrica. See also GreatWhiteHunter and MightyWhitey. Africa is sometimes also merged with UsefulNotes/{{Asia}} and UsefulNotes/{{Europe}} as Afro-Eurasia. And despite what you may have heard, [[Series/WhoseLineIsItAnyway Africa is not a country]].[[note]](though the term was originally meant for just one province of the Roman Empire in the area between present-day Tunis and Tripoli, which was taken from an earlier Punic term that probably designated Carthage. The term was later expanded to include all of the continent, but the Siculo-Normans used it anyway to designate the same region conquered [[TheHighMiddleAges during the 12th century]], which was [[InNameOnly styled]] as "The Kingdom of Africa")[[/note]]

[[index]]
!Countries
!!North Africa
* UsefulNotes/{{Algeria}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Algiers
* UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}} (Transcontinental)
->'''Capital & Largest City''': UsefulNotes/{{Cairo}}
* UsefulNotes/{{Libya}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Tripoli
* UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}
->'''Capital''': Rabat
->'''Largest City''': Casablanca
* UsefulNotes/{{Sudan}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Khartoum
* UsefulNotes/{{Tunisia}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Tunis

!!Southern Africa
* UsefulNotes/{{Botswana}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Gaborone
* UsefulNotes/{{Lesotho}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Maseru
* UsefulNotes/{{Namibia}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Windhoek
* UsefulNotes/SouthAfrica
->'''Capitals''': Pretoria (executive), Bloemfontein (judicial), Cape Town (legislative)
->'''Largest City''': Johannesburg
* UsefulNotes/{{Swaziland}}
->'''Capitals''': Mbabane (executive), Lobamba (legislative)
->'''Largest City''': Mbabane

!!West Africa
* UsefulNotes/{{Benin}}
->'''Capital''': Porto-Novo
->'''Largest City''': Cotonou
* UsefulNotes/BurkinaFaso
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Ouagadougou
* UsefulNotes/CapeVerde
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Praia
* [[UsefulNotes/CoteDIvoire Côte d'Ivoire]] (Ivory Coast)
->'''Capitals''': Yamoussoukro (political), Abidjan (economic)
->'''Largest City''': Abidjan
* UsefulNotes/TheGambia
->'''Capital''': Banjul
->'''Largest City''': Serekunda
* UsefulNotes/{{Ghana}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Accra
* UsefulNotes/{{Guinea}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Conakry
* UsefulNotes/GuineaBissau
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Bissau
* UsefulNotes/{{Liberia}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Monrovia
* UsefulNotes/{{Mali}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Bamako
* UsefulNotes/{{Mauritania}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Nouakchott
* UsefulNotes/{{Niger}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Niamey
* UsefulNotes/{{Nigeria}}
->'''Capital''': Abuja
->'''Largest City''': Lagos
* UsefulNotes/{{Senegal}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Dakar
* UsefulNotes/SierraLeone
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Freetown
* UsefulNotes/{{Togo}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Lomé

!!East Africa
* UsefulNotes/{{Burundi}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Bujumbura
* UsefulNotes/{{Comoros}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Moroni
* UsefulNotes/{{Djibouti}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Djibouti
* UsefulNotes/{{Eritrea}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Asmara
* UsefulNotes/{{Ethiopia}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Addis Ababa
* UsefulNotes/{{Kenya}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Nairobi
* UsefulNotes/{{Madagascar}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Antananarivo
* UsefulNotes/{{Malawi}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Lilongwe
* UsefulNotes/{{Mauritius}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Port Louis
* UsefulNotes/{{Mozambique}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Maputo
* UsefulNotes/{{Rwanda}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Kigali
* UsefulNotes/{{Seychelles}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Victoria
* UsefulNotes/{{Somalia}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Mogadishu
* UsefulNotes/SouthSudan
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Juba
* UsefulNotes/{{Tanzania}}
->'''Capitals''': Dodoma (''de jure''), Dar es Salaam (''de facto'')
->'''Largest City''': Dar es Salaam
* UsefulNotes/{{Uganda}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Kampala
* UsefulNotes/{{Zambia}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Lusaka
* UsefulNotes/{{Zimbabwe}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Harare

!!Central Africa
* UsefulNotes/{{Angola}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Luanda
* UsefulNotes/{{Cameroon}}
->'''Capital''': Yaoundé
->'''Largest City''': Douala
* UsefulNotes/CentralAfricanRepublic
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Bangui
* UsefulNotes/{{Chad}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': N'Djamena
* UsefulNotes/DemocraticRepublicOfTheCongo
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Kinshasa
* UsefulNotes/EquatorialGuinea
->'''Capital''': Malabo
->'''Largest City''': Bata
* UsefulNotes/{{Gabon}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Libreville
* [[UsefulNotes/{{RepublicOfTheCongo}} Republic of the Congo]]
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Brazzaville
* [[UsefulNotes/SaoTomeAndPrincipe São Tomé and Príncipe]]
->'''Capital & Largest City''': São Tomé

!!Unrecognized Countries
!!North Africa
* [[UsefulNotes/ThatDryPatchOfLandUnrecognized Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic]] (Western Sahara) (''de facto'' independent country, claimed by Morocco)
->'''Capitals''': El Aaiun (Claimed), Tifariti (''de facto'')
->'''Largest City''': El Aaiun

!!East Africa
* UsefulNotes/{{Somaliland}} (''de facto'' independent country, claimed by Somalia)
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Hargeisa

!Dependencies
!!North Africa
* UsefulNotes/{{Canary Islands}} (owned by Spain)
->'''Capitals''': Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas
->'''Largest City''': Las Palmas
* UsefulNotes/{{Ceuta}} (''de facto'' owned by Spain, claimed by Morocco)
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Ceuta
* UsefulNotes/{{Madeira}} (owned by Portugal)
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Funchal
* UsefulNotes/{{Melilla}} (''de facto'' owned by Spain, claimed by Morocco)
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Melilla

!!West Africa
* [[UsefulNotes/{{Saint Helena Ascension and Tristan Da Cunha}} Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha]] (owned by the United Kingdom)
->'''Capital''': Jamestown
->'''Largest Settlement''': Half Tree Hollow

!!East Africa
* UsefulNotes/{{French Southern and Antarctic Lands}} (owned by France)
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Saint-Pierre
* UsefulNotes/{{Mayotte}} (''de facto'' owned by France, claimed by Comoros)
->'''Prefecture & Largest City''': Mamoudzou
* [[UsefulNotes/{{Reunion}} Réunion]] (owned by France)
->'''Prefecture & Largest City''': Saint-Denis

!Defunct countries, empires, and other entities
* [[UsefulNotes/AncientEgyptianHistory Ancient Egypt]]
* [[UsefulNotes/TheApartheidEra Apartheid South Africa]]

!Useful Notes and other articles related to Africans and African Culture
!!Africa in general
* AfricanTerrorists
* {{Afrofuturism}}
* AncientAfrica
* {{Bulungi}}
* DarkestAfrica
* ForcesWithFirepower
** UsefulNotes/EgyptiansWithEagleFighters (Egyptian military)
** UsefulNotes/SouthAfricansWithSurfaceToAirMissiles (South African National Defense Force)
* UsefulNotes/WorldWarII
** WorldWarII/WarInEuropeAndAfrica

!!North Africa
''See UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}}, UsefulNotes/{{Libya}} and UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}} for everything solely related to those countries''
* UsefulNotes/ArabicLanguage
* UsefulNotes/TheArabSpring
* UsefulNotes/BarbaryCoastWars
* Myth/EgyptianMythology
* UsefulNotes/PunicWars
* UsefulNotes/TheRiverWar
* {{Qurac}}

!!Southern Africa
''See UsefulNotes/SouthAfrica for everything solely related to South Africa''
* AmoralAfrikaner
* UsefulNotes/AngloZuluWar
* UsefulNotes/TheSecondBoerWar

!!West Africa
''See UsefulNotes/{{Nigeria}} for everything solely related to Nigeria''
* {{Afrobeat}}
* FourOneNineScam
* UsefulNotes/{{Nollywood}}

!!East Africa
''See UsefulNotes/{{Ethiopia}}, UsefulNotes/{{Kenya}} and UsefulNotes/{{Somalia}} for everything solely related to those countries''
* DumbDodoBird
* RuthlessModernPirates

!!Central Africa
''See UsefulNotes/DemocraticRepublicOfTheCongo for everything solely related to the Democratic Republic of the Congo''
* UsefulNotes/TheCongoWars
[[/index]]