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Useful Notes: Botswana
The Republic of Botswana is a country located to the north of South Africa.

Gaining independence from the UK in 1966 (as a colony, the name was spelled "Bechuana", as in "British Bechuanaland"), Botswana has had a better experience with independence than other African countries. It's grown economically at a high rate. It is now a middle-income country, has little foreign debt at all and has a lot of reserve foreign currency. This has been helped massively by the diamond industry.

The country has been a democracy since independence note , has a good human rights record and is considered the least corrupt country in Africa.

There are two rather big problems in recent years- the recent moving of the ǃKung (sic, the ! is a clicking sound) people, deemed unconstitutional by the courts, and HIV/AIDS. Botswana has the second highest HIV/AIDS rate in the world (only Swaziland is worse), with 1 in 3 Botswana having the virus. The country now has an average life expectancy of 34 years for those born in 2005, one of the lowest in the world. There have been recent budget deficit problems.

Interestingly, Botswana also has a growing metal scene, particularly in the capital. They look like something off a Motörhead album, particularly Ace Of Spades.

Botswana in fiction

The Batswana flag
The sky blue field symbolizes rain, an important element in Batswana culture; the black and white bands symbolize racial plurality and harmony, and also recall the zebras, which are abundant in Botswana and also appear in its coat of arms.

Equatorial GuineaUsefulNotes/AfricaMalawi

alternative title(s): Useful Notes On Botswana
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