Somalia has 1,900 miles of coastline, a government that knows its place, and all the guns and wives you can afford to buy. Why have I never heard of this paradise before?First off, Somalia is not a good tourist destination. Somalia (Somali: Soomaaliya, Arabic: الصومال aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially known as the Federal Republic of Somalia (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya, Arabic: جمهورية الصومال الفدرالية Jumhūriyyat aṣ-Ṣūmāl al-Fiderāliyya), is a East African desert country at the horn of Africa with a long, rich history. All you need to know about said history is that the country has been in a civil war since 1991, and it has all but destroyed the state's infrastructure. Fighting continues between various factions, and in January 2009 the Transitional Federal Government was sent into exile following the end of a war against Ethiopia, giving de facto control to the Islamist factions. Currently, the UN-backed government does not itself govern beyond the capital, Mogadishu. In other words, there are no traffic lights, no road maintenance, no postal service, and no police, unless you count the various local and foreign military groups assigned there to keep the peace. On the bright side, this means no taxes, so international businesses can import and export more cheaply. Not usually by boat, though, since there are pirates all around the busier ports. It's the textbook example of a "failed state". There are five main regions in Somalia. From North to South:
— Pierce Hawthorne, Community
- Somaliland: The safest region, and a de facto independent country. Currently vying for international recognition as such.
- Disputed region: Maakhir and Northland compose the region disputed between Somaliland and Puntland.
- Puntland: Not vying for independence, and not as safe. Most pirates come from here.
- Galmudug: Formerly ruled by pirates until they were driven out in 2007, the Galmudug government is trying to rebuild within its own country.
- Islamist Region: Formerly occupied by the Islamic Courts Union, the group has fallen from power since 2006, though their remnants in the form of Al Shabaab continue to control the area.
- Somali Galbeed (Western Somalia)/Ogadeen is the "Somali Province" Of Ethiopia (it is not included in most "Somalia" maps, hence why Somalia looks like a 7). It is an historic and ethnic Somali region. It was handed over to the Ethiopians by the British. To say they are not being treated well by their new country is an understatement. Somalis from that region want to reunite with their brother and sisters to the east, and create a Greater Somalia.
Tropes as portrayed in fiction:
- Butt-Monkey: Just like Zimbabwe with its Ridiculous Exchange Rates, Somalia is a prime target of jokes in fiction thanks to its reputation as the poster boy of failed states and its ongoing problem with piracy.
- Ruthless Modern Pirates: Somali pirates are the current Trope Codifier and a popular pick for authors when they need to throw pirates into a modern day setting for one reason or another.
- Black Hawk Down
- The Season Seven opener of NCIS has Ziva David held prisoner by Islamists in Somalia.
- South Park did an episode about Somali pirates.
- FlashForward (2009) had the beta test for the blackouts take place in Somalia. Some of the protagonists eventually find out about it and go there to investigate.
- Fansadox: "Somalian Waters". This is the comic that uses Ruritanian names so to not upset some countries.
- The movie Fishing Without Nets is a tragedy about a fisherman dragged into the ruthless world of piracy.
- One of the missions in Modern Warfare 3 takes place in Boosaaso, Price's team need to extract info from a guy named Waraabe on the attacks on Europe.
- The 2nd American mission in the Command & Conquer: Generals expansion pack Zero Hour is about safeguarding a UN convoy at a Somalian port. It's also the one mission in the series where you get to control both a battleship and an aircraft carrier with a whole wing of F-22 Raptors.
- The 2013 film Captain Phillips, based on the real life hijacking of an American cargo ship by Somali pirates.
- Part of The Expendables 3 takes place in Somalia.
- The 2017 CW military drama Valor focuses on a special forces mission to Somalia that went horribly wrong and the political and personal repercussions of said mission on the team that carried it out, and the United States as a whole.