History UsefulNotes / Africa

4th Jan '16 4:20:24 AM Morgenthaler
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-->'''{{Toto}}'s "Africa"''', a song about a white man trying to write about Africa but struggling because he's never been there.
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-->'''{{Toto}}'s -->'''Music/{{Toto}}'s "Africa"''', a song about a white man trying to write about Africa but struggling because he's never been there.
2nd Jan '16 6:18:24 PM Bat178
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->'''Capitals''': Yamoussoukro (Political), Abidjan (Economic)
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->'''Capitals''': Yamoussoukro (Political), (political), Abidjan (Economic)(economic)
2nd Jan '16 6:07:32 PM Bat178
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->'''Capital''': Yamoussoukro
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->'''Capital''': Yamoussoukro->'''Capitals''': Yamoussoukro (Political), Abidjan (Economic)
2nd Jan '16 6:03:30 PM Bat178
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* UsefulNotes/{{CoteD'Ivoire}}
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* UsefulNotes/{{CoteD'Ivoire}}UsefulNotes/CoteDIvoire
2nd Jan '16 6:02:12 PM Bat178
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* UsefulNotes/CoteD'Ivoire
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* UsefulNotes/CoteD'IvoireUsefulNotes/{{CoteD'Ivoire}}
2nd Jan '16 5:59:29 PM Bat178
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** UsefulNotes/TheApartheidEra
2nd Jan '16 5:58:39 PM Bat178
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* UsefulNotes/Mayotte
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* UsefulNotes/MayotteUsefulNotes/{{Mayotte}}
2nd Jan '16 5:58:06 PM Bat178
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!! Continental union Like Europe and South America, Africa has an institution that represents the continent as a whole--or at least tries to. * AfricanUnion !!Sovereign states by region Vaguely following the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_geoscheme_for_Africa UN geoscheme for Africa]]. !!! North Africa The majority of people in this part of Africa speak Arabic and in many ways are just a cultural extension of Eurasia. Having an Arab culture means that they often (but not always) have a stronger affinity to the Arabs of Asia; it's for this reason that they are often lumped with the Middle East (not helped by the fact that most of the region is desert). Except for Sudan, North Africa was a part of [[TheRomanEmpire the Roman Empire]] (and even before them, Egypt was ruled by a [[AncientGreece Hellenistic dynasty]]), so they also share a culture AND genes with certain parts of Southern Europe; indeed, except for the Sudanese, you would be hard-pressed to phenotypically distinguish a North African from a Southern European. Nevertheless, all these countries participate in various pan-African institutions, and all but Morocco are part of the African Union.
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! Countries !! Continental union Like Europe and South America, Africa has an institution that represents the continent as a whole--or at least tries to. * AfricanUnion !!Sovereign states by region Vaguely following the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_geoscheme_for_Africa UN geoscheme for Africa]]. !!! North Africa The majority of people in this part of Africa speak Arabic and in many ways are just a cultural extension of Eurasia. Having an Arab culture means that they often (but not always) have a stronger affinity to the Arabs of Asia; it's for this reason that they are often lumped with the Middle East (not helped by the fact that most of the region is desert). Except for Sudan, North Africa was a part of [[TheRomanEmpire the Roman Empire]] (and even before them, Egypt was ruled by a [[AncientGreece Hellenistic dynasty]]), so they also share a culture AND genes with certain parts of Southern Europe; indeed, except for the Sudanese, you would be hard-pressed to phenotypically distinguish a North African from a Southern European. Nevertheless, all these countries participate in various pan-African institutions, and all but Morocco are part of the African Union. Northern Africa

!!! Western Africa We can subdivide this region further into the aforementioned Sahara/Sahel/Sudan states (mostly Muslim, containing much of the Sahara Desert and bordering dry plains, typically with large populations of Arabs, Berbers, as well as the Nilo-Saharan peoples) and the Niger River and Coastal states (typically religiously mixed, geographically varied, and having peoples speaking a very wide variety of Niger-Congo languages; it's hypothesized that the region is the ''urheimat'' (homeland) of the Niger-Congo languages). !!!! Dry West Africa * UsefulNotes/{{Chad}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': N'Djamena * UsefulNotes/{{Mali}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Bamako * UsefulNotes/{{Mauritania}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Nouakchott * UsefulNotes/{{Niger}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Niamey !!!! Wetter West Africa
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\n!!! !! Western Africa We can subdivide this region further into the aforementioned Sahara/Sahel/Sudan states (mostly Muslim, containing much of the Sahara Desert and bordering dry plains, typically with large populations of Arabs, Berbers, as well as the Nilo-Saharan peoples) and the Niger River and Coastal states (typically religiously mixed, geographically varied, and having peoples speaking a very wide variety of Niger-Congo languages; it's hypothesized that the region is the ''urheimat'' (homeland) of the Niger-Congo languages). !!!! Dry West Africa * UsefulNotes/{{Chad}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': N'Djamena * UsefulNotes/{{Mali}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Bamako * UsefulNotes/{{Mauritania}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Nouakchott * UsefulNotes/{{Niger}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Niamey !!!! Wetter West Africa

\n!!! Western Africa\nWe can subdivide this region further into the aforementioned Sahara/Sahel/Sudan states (mostly Muslim, containing much of the Sahara Desert and bordering dry plains, typically with large populations of Arabs, Berbers, as well as the Nilo-Saharan peoples) and the Niger River and Coastal states (typically religiously mixed, geographically varied, and having peoples speaking a very wide variety of Niger-Congo languages; it's hypothesized that the region is the ''urheimat'' (homeland) of the Niger-Congo languages). \n\n!!!! Dry West Africa\n* UsefulNotes/{{Chad}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': N'Djamena * UsefulNotes/{{Mali}} ->'''Capital & Largest UsefulNotes/CoteD'Ivoire ->'''Capital''': Yamoussoukro ->'''Largest City''': Bamako * UsefulNotes/{{Mauritania}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Nouakchott * UsefulNotes/{{Niger}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Niamey !!!! Wetter West AfricaAbidjan

* UsefulNotes/IvoryCoast ->'''Capital''': Yamoussoukro

* UsefulNotes/IvoryCoast ->'''Capital''': YamoussoukroUsefulNotes/{{Mali}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Bamako * UsefulNotes/{{Mauritania}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Nouakchott * UsefulNotes/{{Niger}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Niamey

!!! East Africa Can also be divided into sub-regions: the Horn of Africa, the East African Community, and the Indian Ocean islands. South Sudan is a new country and a special case, with both the Horn of Africa and the EAC having an influence. The entire human species originated within this region. !!!! Horn of Africa All of these countries were at one point in time part of the ancient and medieval Ethiopian empires (the best-known of which is the Kingdom of Axum), and share in the heritage of ancient Ethiopian civilization. All also speak languages of the Afro-Asiatic family, primarily of the South Semitic and Cushitic branches. They are very big on bickering with and fighting each other, especially since Somalia collapsed in 1992 and is ''still'' trying to get its act together.
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!!! East !! Eastern Africa Can also be divided into sub-regions: the Horn of Africa, the East African Community, and the Indian Ocean islands. South Sudan is a new country and a special case, with both the Horn of Africa and the EAC having an influence. The entire human species originated within this region. !!!! Horn of Africa All of these countries were at one point in time part of the ancient and medieval Ethiopian empires (the best-known of which is the Kingdom of Axum), and share in the heritage of ancient Ethiopian civilization. All also speak languages of the Afro-Asiatic family, primarily of the South Semitic and Cushitic branches. They are very big on bickering with and fighting each other, especially since Somalia collapsed in 1992 and is ''still'' trying to get its act together. * UsefulNotes/{{Burundi}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Bujumbura * UsefulNotes/{{Comoros}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Moroni

* UsefulNotes/{{Somalia}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Mogadishu !!!! East African Community [[/index]] The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_African_Community East African Community]] is an attempt to develop regional integration at a smaller level than Africa. As all of these countries have certain cultural elements and political interests in common--rather than the huge and unwieldy thing that is the African continent--their leaders felt there was a better chance of real integration, particularly economically. This is eased by the inland countries' gradual adoption of Swahili as a commercial ''lingua franca'', and Burundi and Rwanda's moves away from French and towards English as the foreign language of choice; Rwanda has even been admitted to TheCommonwealth--to which Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda had long belonged--as a sort of encouraging gesture, with Burundi not sure about whether to follow suit. The people in this region mainly speak the Bantu branch of the Niger-Congo languages (of which Swahili is a part of) with a significant minority of the Nilo-Saharan languages.[[index]] * UsefulNotes/{{Burundi}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Bujumbura

* UsefulNotes/{{Somalia}} UsefulNotes/{{Mauritius}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Mogadishu !!!! East African Community [[/index]] The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_African_Community East African Community]] is an attempt to develop regional integration at a smaller level than Africa. As all of these countries have certain cultural elements and political interests in common--rather than the huge and unwieldy thing that is the African continent--their leaders felt there was a better chance of real integration, particularly economically. This is eased by the inland countries' gradual adoption of Swahili as a commercial ''lingua franca'', and Burundi and Rwanda's moves away from French and towards English as the foreign language of choice; Rwanda has even been admitted to TheCommonwealth--to which Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda had long belonged--as a sort of encouraging gesture, with Burundi not sure about whether to follow suit. The people in this region mainly speak the Bantu branch of the Niger-Congo languages (of which Swahili is a part of) with a significant minority of the Nilo-Saharan languages.[[index]] Port Louis * UsefulNotes/{{Burundi}} UsefulNotes/{{Madagascar}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': BujumburaAntananarivo

* UsefulNotes/{{Seychelles}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Victoria * UsefulNotes/{{Somalia}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Mogadishu !!!! East African Community [[/index]] The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_African_Community East African Community]] is an attempt to develop regional integration at a smaller level than Africa. As all of these countries have certain cultural elements and political interests in common--rather than the huge and unwieldy thing that is the African continent--their leaders felt there was a better chance of real integration, particularly economically. This is eased by the inland countries' gradual adoption of Swahili as a commercial ''lingua franca'', and Burundi and Rwanda's moves away from French and towards English as the foreign language of choice; Rwanda has even been admitted to TheCommonwealth--to which Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda had long belonged--as a sort of encouraging gesture, with Burundi not sure about whether to follow suit. The people in this region mainly speak the Bantu branch of the Niger-Congo languages (of which Swahili is a part of) with a significant minority of the Nilo-Saharan languages.[[index]] Mogadishu * UsefulNotes/{{Burundi}} UsefulNotes/SouthSudan ->'''Capital & Largest City''': BujumburaJuba

!!!! Indian Ocean islands Several islands in the Indian Ocean are generally associated with the African continent; of these, the largest by far is Madagascar. Many if not most of these islands have quite unique cultures unrelated to anything on the African mainland, having just about anything from Bantu, Arab, Indian, and Malayo-Polynesian influences. * UsefulNotes/{{Comoros}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Moroni * UsefulNotes/{{Mauritius}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Port Louis * UsefulNotes/{{Madagascar}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Antananarivo * UsefulNotes/{{Seychelles}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Victoria * [[UsefulNotes/{{DepartementalIssues}} Réunion Island & Mayotte]] (two overseas regions of UsefulNotes/{{France}}) ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Saint-Denis (Réunion), Mamoudzou (Mayotte) !!!! Special Case * UsefulNotes/SouthSudan ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Juba !!! Central Africa Dominated by the Congo River basin and populated by people speaking the Bantu languages. The stereotype of DarkestAfrica is mostly thanks to this region, which is the most resource-rich of the continent, yet has seen some of the worst human-made disasters (read: exploitation and war) in the world.
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!!!! Indian Ocean islands Several islands in the Indian Ocean are generally associated with the African continent; of these, the largest by far is Madagascar. Many if not most of these islands have quite unique cultures unrelated to anything on the African mainland, having just about anything from Bantu, Arab, Indian, and Malayo-Polynesian influences. * UsefulNotes/{{Comoros}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Moroni * UsefulNotes/{{Mauritius}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Port Louis * UsefulNotes/{{Madagascar}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Antananarivo * UsefulNotes/{{Seychelles}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Victoria * [[UsefulNotes/{{DepartementalIssues}} Réunion Island & Mayotte]] (two overseas regions of UsefulNotes/{{France}}) ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Saint-Denis (Réunion), Mamoudzou (Mayotte) !!!! Special Case * UsefulNotes/SouthSudan ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Juba !!! !! Central Africa Dominated by the Congo River basin and populated by people speaking the Bantu languages. The stereotype of DarkestAfrica is mostly thanks to this region, which is the most resource-rich of the continent, yet has seen some of the worst human-made disasters (read: exploitation and war) in the world. Africa

!!! Southern Africa [[/index]] Except for Mozambique and Namibia, all were once British colonies; Namibia, for its part, was administered as part of South Africa for the better part of a century. All states are or were members of TheCommonwealth (Mozambique having been given special dispensation for its close relationship with the neighbouring members, while Zimbabwe was suspended for bad behaviour and subsequently left in the international-affairs equivalent of a petulant pout). South Africa has a powerful influence on the region, acting as a regional bully during TheApartheidEra, and as a sort of friendly-if-slightly-overbearing regional hegemon since 1994. Bantu languages again dominate the region, but there also exists possibly some of the most interesting languages in the world: languages having a fully-functional [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Click_consonant click consonant system]] (other languages, including English, only have it as an exclamation, as in "tsk-tsk"). [[index]]
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!!! !! Southern Africa [[/index]] Except for Mozambique and Namibia, all were once British colonies; Namibia, for its part, was administered as part of South Africa for the better part of a century. All states are or were members of TheCommonwealth (Mozambique having been given special dispensation for its close relationship with the neighbouring members, while Zimbabwe was suspended for bad behaviour and subsequently left in the international-affairs equivalent of a petulant pout). South Africa has a powerful influence on the region, acting as a regional bully during TheApartheidEra, and as a sort of friendly-if-slightly-overbearing regional hegemon since 1994. Bantu languages again dominate the region, but there also exists possibly some of the most interesting languages in the world: languages having a fully-functional [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Click_consonant click consonant system]] (other languages, including English, only have it as an exclamation, as in "tsk-tsk"). [[index]]

!!!Other entities
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!!!Other !!Other entities

!!!Other entities !Territories * UsefulNotes/KerguelenIslands ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Port-aux-Francais * UsefulNotes/RéunionIsland ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Saint-Denis * UsefulNotes/Mayotte ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Mamoudzou

!!Defunct countries, empires, and other entities
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!!Defunct !Defunct countries, empires, and other entities

!!Other articles related to Africans and African Culture !!!Africa in general
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!!Other !Other articles related to Africans and African Culture !!!Africa !!Africa in generalgeneral * UsefulNotes/AfricanUnion

!!!Northern Africa
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!!!Northern !!Northern Africa

!!!Western Africa
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!!!Western !!Western Africa

!!!Eastern Africa
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!!!Eastern !!Eastern Africa

!!!Central Africa
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!!!Central !!Central Africa

!!!Southern Africa
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!!!Southern !!Southern Africa
23rd Dec '15 8:13:12 AM Dimas28
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[[/index]]
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[[/index]][[/index]] !!Defunct countries, empires, and other entities * UsefulNotes/AncientEgyptianHistory * UsefulNotes/TheApartheidEra !!Other articles related to Africans and African Culture !!!Africa in general * ForcesWithFirepower ** UsefulNotes/EgyptiansWithEagleFighters ** UsefulNotes/SouthAfricansWithSurfaceToAirMissiles !!!Northern Africa * Myth/EgyptianMythology * UsefulNotes/PunicWars * UsefulNotes/TheArabSpring !!!Western Africa * Main/{{Afrobeat}} * UsefulNotes/{{Nollywood}} !!!Eastern Africa * Main/DumbDodoBird !!!Central Africa * UsefulNotes/TheCongoWars !!!Southern Africa * UsefulNotes/AngloZuluWar * UsefulNotes/TheSecondBoerWar
23rd Dec '15 4:41:03 AM Dimas28
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For Africa in fiction, see AncientAfrica, DarkestAfrica, and {{Bulungi}}. See also MightyWhitey, GreatWhiteHunter. And despite what you may have heard, [[Series/WhoseLineIsItAnyway Africa is not a country]].[[note]](though the term originally meant for just one province of the Roman Empire in the area between present-day Tunis and Tripoli, which was taken from an earlier Punic term that probably designated Carthage. The term was later expanded to include all of the continent, but the Siculo-Normans used it anyway to designate the same region conquered during [[TheHighMiddleAges during the 12th century]], which was [[InNameOnly styled]] as "The Kingdom of Africa")[[/note]]
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For Africa in fiction, see AncientAfrica, DarkestAfrica, and {{Bulungi}}. See also MightyWhitey, GreatWhiteHunter. And despite what you may have heard, [[Series/WhoseLineIsItAnyway Africa is not a country]].[[note]](though the term was originally meant for just one province of the Roman Empire in the area between present-day Tunis and Tripoli, which was taken from an earlier Punic term that probably designated Carthage. The term was later expanded to include all of the continent, but the Siculo-Normans used it anyway to designate the same region conquered during [[TheHighMiddleAges during the 12th century]], which was [[InNameOnly styled]] as "The Kingdom of Africa")[[/note]]

The majority of people in this part of Africa speak Arabic and often (but not always) feel closer affinity to other Arabic speakers in Asia , or even to certain parts of southern Europe (with which they share the history and culture of the Mediterranean), than to other people of the African continent. Nevertheless, all these countries participate in various pan-African institutions, and all but Morocco are part of the African Union.
to:
The majority of people in this part of Africa speak Arabic and in many ways are just a cultural extension of Eurasia. Having an Arab culture means that they often (but not always) feel closer have a stronger affinity to other Arabic speakers in Asia , or the Arabs of Asia; it's for this reason that they are often lumped with the Middle East (not helped by the fact that most of the region is desert). Except for Sudan, North Africa was a part of [[TheRomanEmpire the Roman Empire]] (and even to before them, Egypt was ruled by a [[AncientGreece Hellenistic dynasty]]), so they also share a culture AND genes with certain parts of southern Europe (with which they share Southern Europe; indeed, except for the history and culture of the Mediterranean), than Sudanese, you would be hard-pressed to other people of the phenotypically distinguish a North African continent.from a Southern European. Nevertheless, all these countries participate in various pan-African institutions, and all but Morocco are part of the African Union.

We can subdivide this region further into the aforementioned Sahara/Sahel/Sudan states (mostly Muslim, containing much of the Sahara Desert and bordering dry plains, typically with large populations of Arabs and Berbers) and the Niger River and Coastal states (typically religiously mixed and geographically varied).
to:
We can subdivide this region further into the aforementioned Sahara/Sahel/Sudan states (mostly Muslim, containing much of the Sahara Desert and bordering dry plains, typically with large populations of Arabs and Berbers) Arabs, Berbers, as well as the Nilo-Saharan peoples) and the Niger River and Coastal states (typically religiously mixed and mixed, geographically varied).varied, and having peoples speaking a very wide variety of Niger-Congo languages; it's hypothesized that the region is the ''urheimat'' (homeland) of the Niger-Congo languages).

* UsefulNotes/CoteDIvoire ->'''Capital''': Yamoussoukro

* UsefulNotes/CoteDIvoire UsefulNotes/IvoryCoast ->'''Capital''': Yamoussoukro

[[/index]] The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_African_Community East African Community]] is an attempt to develop regional integration at a smaller level than Africa. As all of these countries have certain cultural elements and political interests in common--rather than the huge and unwieldy thing that is the African continent--their leaders felt there was a better chance of real integration, particularly economically. This is eased by the inland countries' gradual adoption of Swahili as a commercial ''lingua franca'', and Burundi and Rwanda's moves away from French and towards English as the foreign language of choice; Rwanda has even been admitted to TheCommonwealth--to which Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda had long belonged--as a sort of encouraging gesture, with Burundi not sure about whether to follow suit.[[index]]
to:
[[/index]] The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_African_Community East African Community]] is an attempt to develop regional integration at a smaller level than Africa. As all of these countries have certain cultural elements and political interests in common--rather than the huge and unwieldy thing that is the African continent--their leaders felt there was a better chance of real integration, particularly economically. This is eased by the inland countries' gradual adoption of Swahili as a commercial ''lingua franca'', and Burundi and Rwanda's moves away from French and towards English as the foreign language of choice; Rwanda has even been admitted to TheCommonwealth--to which Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda had long belonged--as a sort of encouraging gesture, with Burundi not sure about whether to follow suit. The people in this region mainly speak the Bantu branch of the Niger-Congo languages (of which Swahili is a part of) with a significant minority of the Nilo-Saharan languages.[[index]]

Several islands in the Indian Ocean are generally associated with the African continent; of these, the largest by far is Madagascar. Many if not most of these islands have quite unique cultures unrelated to anything on the African mainland.
to:
Several islands in the Indian Ocean are generally associated with the African continent; of these, the largest by far is Madagascar. Many if not most of these islands have quite unique cultures unrelated to anything on the African mainland. mainland, having just about anything from Bantu, Arab, Indian, and Malayo-Polynesian influences.

* Réunion Island & Mayotte (two overseas regions of UsefulNotes/{{France}}) ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Saint-Denis
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* [[UsefulNotes/{{DepartementalIssues}} Réunion Island & Mayotte Mayotte]] (two overseas regions of UsefulNotes/{{France}}) ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Saint-Denis Saint-Denis (Réunion), Mamoudzou (Mayotte)

Dominated by the Congo River basin.
to:
Dominated by the Congo River basin. basin and populated by people speaking the Bantu languages. The stereotype of DarkestAfrica is mostly thanks to this region, which is the most resource-rich of the continent, yet has seen some of the worst human-made disasters (read: exploitation and war) in the world.

* UsefulNotes/{{Congo}} ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Brazzaville

* UsefulNotes/{{Congo}} [[UsefulNotes/{{RepublicOfTheCongo}} Republic of the Congo]] ->'''Capital & Largest City''': Brazzaville

Except for Mozambique and Namibia, all were once British colonies; Namibia, for its part, was administered as part of South Africa for the better part of a century. All states are or were members of TheCommonwealth (Mozambique having been given special dispensation for its close relationship with the neighbouring members, while Zimbabwe was suspended for bad behaviour and subsequently left in the international-affairs equivalent of a petulant pout). South Africa has a powerful influence on the region, acting as a regional bully during TheApartheidEra, and as a sort of friendly-if-slightly-overbearing regional hegemon since 1994.
to:
Except for Mozambique and Namibia, all were once British colonies; Namibia, for its part, was administered as part of South Africa for the better part of a century. All states are or were members of TheCommonwealth (Mozambique having been given special dispensation for its close relationship with the neighbouring members, while Zimbabwe was suspended for bad behaviour and subsequently left in the international-affairs equivalent of a petulant pout). South Africa has a powerful influence on the region, acting as a regional bully during TheApartheidEra, and as a sort of friendly-if-slightly-overbearing regional hegemon since 1994. \n Bantu languages again dominate the region, but there also exists possibly some of the most interesting languages in the world: languages having a fully-functional [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Click_consonant click consonant system]] (other languages, including English, only have it as an exclamation, as in "tsk-tsk").
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