If you want to make an army look exotic and threatening, give them War Elephants. War Mammoths work too, or whatever the fantasy equivalent
might be. In any case, they tend to be super-sized to the point where they almost qualify as war-barges with tusks.
These creatures can be used by the Evil Army
of inflicting massive damage. If not then they might be used by foreign allies, and usually used to indicate the army's exotic-ness. May also be accompanied by other safari animals like rhinos or leopards.
This trope is very much Truth in Television
; kingdoms in North Africa, the Middle East, and southeastern Asia have weaponized pachyderms at some point in their histories. Elephants are huge, strong, tough, terrifying, and highly trainable animals capable of carrying multiple riders on their backs, whether they be officers wanting a better view of the battlefield, archers, or even artillerymen firing a ballista or cannon from a howdah. However, they could easily panic in battle
, trampling friend or foe
War Elephants are a type of Attack Animal
. Compare the Beast of Battle
and Horse of a Different Color
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Anime And Manga
- In the various iterations of Digimon, Mammothmon are usually used in this fashion. The final battle of Digimon Xros Wars, which featured hundreds of the things serving under DarknessBagramon, stands out in this regard.
- In Berserk, the Kushan Empire utilizes war elephants during its invasion of Midland. And some of the elephants are used as familiars, which ends up giving them a more anthropomorphic appearance, which allows them to wear armor and use weapons.
- Mazinger Z: Mechanical Beast Elephant γ3 is a bipedal elephant with long, curvy tusks, Arm Cannons, and big ears that shot heat rays.
- In Marvel Comics 1970s Red Sonja run, Sonja allied herself with the young ruler of kingdom whose major military strength was its war mammoths.
- Xerxes' army uses elephants against the Spartans in 300, but they fall to their deaths off a cliff. Keeping in line with the "exotic nature" of this trope, the Persians also have a War Rhinoceros.
- Used in Lord of the Rings, as in the books. (see Literature) They had eight tusks (four of them were small).
- In The Adventures of Baron Munchausen the Grand Turk uses elephants to propel his War Machines. The Baron gets them to back off with the strategic use of mice.
- Subverted in Operation: Dumbo Drop, in which the U.S. Army goes to great lengths to transport an elephant, but as a gift of a work animal to a Southeast Asian village, not a battle-beast.
- Referenced in The Jungle Book (or at least the animated movie thereof) where one elephant commands the others like a Drill Sergeant Nasty (except without the swearing) and talks about the medals he earned.
- Prince John from Robin Hood has a pair of elephants pulling his carriage. The elephants also serve as trumpeters (using their trunks as trumpets) as well. Although, the elephants here, like all other characters, are sapient creatures that wear clothes.
- Alexander (2004). Alexander's army faces "elephant monsters" at the Battle of Hydaspes.
- In Thaļs of Athens, Seleucus (one of Alexander the Great's generals) gathers a whole unit of battle elephants while campaigning in India. It never sees much action in the novel, but Thais gets to ride one in Babylon.
- Battle elephants are mentioned in the Discworld novel Pyramids. According to the protagonist, they're useless, since all they do is trample on their own troops when they inevitably panic. The military responded to this by breeding bigger elephants.
- In Animorphs, Rachel and her elephant morph. True, she's only one elephant, but the 'army' is the rest of the group. She manages to get in plenty of damage on her own anyway. Cassie, Ax and Tobias also acquire elephants in book 22, but they never use them other that one mission.
- In The Lord of the Rings, the Southrons ride to battle on "Oliphaunts" (as the hobbits call them) or mūmakil (as they're referred to by the Men of Gondor). Sam is very excited when he gets to see one at a distance. They are described as being far larger than actual elephants, and are nearly impervious to arrows (unless they get hit in the eye).
- In The Black Company war elephants are used during during the Battle at Charm and Dejagore, and it is mentioned that they come from the Jewel Cities.
- Jelaudin's army uses elephants extensively in the Conqueror books. They backfire when the Mongols shoot them in the knees, causing a panic.
- A Song of Ice and Fire mentions the presence of war mammoths in the freemen's army, ridden by giants.
- In addition, the finest and most disciplined sellsword army in the series, the Golden Company, has a unit of elephants, though in the voyage to Westeros to support the claim of the apparently-still-alive Aegon Targaryen, most of them are lost or late making landfall, only three are mentioned to be present at Griffin's Roost. Their captain frequently laments not having them available.
- Daenerys acquires several elephants after her conquest of Meereen, and her generals are divided on whether to use them in battle.
- Rudyard Kipling once wrote a short story giving the camp-animals archetypical army personalities. The cavalry horse was a gung-ho Blood Knight, the mountain-gun mules were Old Soldiers, and the siege-gun elephant was a Dirty Coward.
- In Belisarius Series elephants are often mentioned as transport animals.
- In The Wheel of Time, the Seanchan (who have weird animal husbandry as one of their hats) use "s'redit", which are described as very much like elephants, in battle and for labor. One character who is unfamiliar with the animals dubs them "boar-horses".
- The Windup Girl. War megodonts (genetically-engineered giant elephants) have carbon fibre armour, blades attached to their tusks and machine-gun cages on their backs.
- In The Heroes of Olympus series, Camp Jupiter has a resident war elephant named Hannibal.
Live Action Television
Religion and Mythology
- In The Bible, the Seleucid general Antiochus Epiphanes fields war elephands against the Maccabees.
- Magic: The Gathering had a few Elephant or Mammoth cards in previous editions. In addition to the non-sapient kinds, there are the humanoid Loxodons, introduced in Mirodin. (Loxodonta africana is the scientific name of the African Elephant).
- War Elephants are the most powerful (and most expensive) units in Wargames Research Group DBA, DBM and DBMM game systems. They are vulnerable to shooting and light troops, however.
- The orks of Warhammer 40K come closest to this trope with their Squiggoths; tusked, dinosaur-like beasts fitted with massive bunkers and lightning guns.
- The Civilization series has had war elephant units since II, where they were inexplicably available as a result of discovering Polytheism. In Civ III they were the Indians' special unit, replacing Knights but requiring no special resources. In Civ IV all factions could build them so long as they had a source of ivory, and though slower than horse units they had a combat bonus against them; the Khmer from the Beyond the Sword expansion had Ballista Elephants as a unique unit, which would specifically target enemy cavalry when attacking a stack. In Civ V India, Carthage, and Siam get elephants as special units, replacing Chariot Archers, Horsemen, and Knights respectively.
- The Age of Empires series uses elephants, in keeping with its historical theme. The first game gives War Elephants (which attack with their tusks), Armored Elephants (an upgrade of War Elephants with improved armor and attacks), and Elephant Archers (where the elephant in question does not attack at all, but the Bowman mounted on its back does). The first game also has wild elephants which can be hunted for food (though strangely, they cannot be domesticated; elephant units simply create a domestic elephant and rider). The Sequel dials back the elephants; they are the unique unit of the Persians, and attack with no rider. The third game grants Indians war elephants.
- Age of Wonders 1 and 2, have War Elephant units. Frostlings got Mammoth Rider in 2.
- They also appear in Rome: Total War, with the more advanced types carrying archers on their backs. Only Carthage and the Seleucids can train them.
- In Medieval II Total War elephants are Game Breakers, hugely effective in combat and capable of charging through enemy lines, flattening everything in front of them. Their only downside is their tendency to go berserk and rampage at random, which is only a problem if you have friendly units nearby. The vanilla version has a howdah full of gunners, while cannon and even rocket elephants are also recruitable. They make the scripted Timurid Invasion all the more terrifying.
- Dynasty Warriors - War elephants are generally used as mounts by the Nanman, and sometimes unlockable as a companion animal by the player character.
- Dwarf Fortress, as of DF:2010, allows elephants to be trained for war. Unfortunately, your dwarves can't actually ride them.
- In World of Warcraft, the Draenei utilize elekks (elephant-like creatures brought over from their homeworld) as their racial mount. Mammoths are also available to players in the northern region. Neither of these are specifically used in combat very much, though.
- Gohma Crushers from Asura's Wrath.
- The Chinese in Aztec Wars use these; they have cannons mounted on their backs.
- The wizards of The Silver Cities use elephants as war-steeds in Heroes of Might and Magic V, providing them with a good view of the battlefield from which to cast spells. The expansion packs add Dwarven Runemages who ride into battle atop mammoths, casting spells while their steed gores the enemy with its tusks.
- The African Warlords in March Of War tend to use these in place of armored vehicles, in the 1940s, going up against super-heavy tanks and Diesel Punk Mecha.
- In Tears to Tiara 2 there's Noa the elephant. Tart and Charis can ride it in battle. Also the other elven elephants Tart summons as part of The Cavalry.
- In Far Cry 4 you can ride elephants.
- Older Than Feudalism as Hannibal of Carthage actually used war elephants in many campaigns. The page image is a somewhat fanciful depiction of one such battle note .
- The Indians used Elephants in war, and Indian elephants were noted to be superior to their African counterparts in terms of controllability, making them much more dangerous to the enemy even though they were smaller. Many Indian kingdoms used alcohol and other intoxicants to get the elephants high before sending them into battle, making them more pain-resistant and less prone to being terrified. A charge of intoxicated elephants with archers shooting down from their backs was pretty much enough to wreck any enemy formation. And to make matters worse for enemies, the Indians developed elephant armor, turning them into living tanks.
- The Persians got their elephants and elephant trainers from India and frequently used the same tactics.
- Alexander the Great encountered war elephants in India, and his general Seleukos got 500 of them in return for peace with an Indian king. He used these to gain a decisive advantage over the other Macedonian generals in the Wars of the Successors, eventually conquering the lion's share of Alexander's empire. Elephants were used in many Hellenistic armies after that, and were helpful for instance in defeating the Galatians in Turkey in the 3rd century BC. However, after a while, professional soldiers got used to the sight of elephants, meaning their psychological impact was lost. The Romans never adopted the practice of using them.
- Alexander first encountered while fighting against the Persians, but never fought them. The Persians had used them to haul supplies, and deemed them too tired to be used in the attack. Without their Secret Weapon, Alexander defeated them, and captured the elephants for his own. They proved useful to Alexander when they began invading Pakistan and India, as his men already knew about them.
- One of the last uses of elephants in Mediterranean warfare was against Julius Caesar. Caesar dedicated part of his army as an anti-elephant force, by disciplining them to scatter and quickly reform after the elephant's charge, and by equipping them with axes with the authority to swing away.
- Caesar just applied a standard tactic: the Romans were very good at killing elephants. Pyrrhus managed to salvage two Pyrrhic Victories against the Romans because he had been the first one to use elephants against them, but by the third battle the Romans had learned how to kill them, or even to set them on their owners (needless to say, that was a brutal Curb-Stomp Battle in Roman favor, and Pyrrhus never dared to show up in Italy again). At Zama, Scipio Africanus used a different tactic: he left wide lanes open between his disciplined units, so that the elephants could take the line of least resistance by charging between them instead of over them. He also had some of his troops blow loud horns, which turned some of the elephants back on their masters. Nonetheless, Scipio took the elephants so seriously as a threat that he dictated this as part of the peace terms: that the Carthaginians should get rid of all their remaining elephants and not tame any more.
- Charlemagne had a war elephant donated to him by Harun ar-Rashid. He used it on his various campaigns.
- The people of Thailand have historically ridden elephants into battle. They are sacred animals there.
- King Naresuan, who is still venerated in Thailand, is said to have fought a one-on-one duel with Maha Uparaja of Burma, with both on the backs of elephants wielding halberds. (Naresuan's elephant had gone out of control and taken him too far into the Burmese lines; instead of retreating he challenged the enemy leader to single combat and won.)
- The King of Siam (Thailand's original name) famously offered Abraham Lincoln a herd of war elephants to help with The American Civil War. Lincoln politely declined on the grounds that the States do not extend South enough to comfortably raise them.
- When the Timurids were invading India, the Indians brought 120 armor-clad elephants with poisoned tusks against them. Timur ordered all his camels lit on fire and sent towards the elephants. The giant beasts (who scare easily) turned around and trampled their own troops, thus winning the battle for Timur. Timur then had the same elephants incorporated into his own army, apparently thinking that he's the only one crazy enough to come up with a counter.