Greenland (Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat ), owned by Denmark, is the largest island on Earth, and is home to a mere 50,000 people. Often cited for the extreme temperatures that it can reach, Greenland is home to the northernmost piece of land on Earth, Kaffeklubben Island. The people are primarily Inuit, though many Danes also live here. The southwestern area of Greenland is by far the most populated, the northeastern half taken up mostly by Greenland's national park. Roughly ninety percent of Greenland is taken up by the Greenland ice sheet, the second largest ice sheet on Earth (just behind Antarctica). Contrary to popular belief, Greenland is not just ice. It is actually made up of three significantly large islands under the ice sheet. The capital and largest city is Nuuk. (known in Danish as Godthåb.) However, "largest" is a relative term, because Nuuk is in fact the smallest capital city of any country in the world. And that may very well be a good thing, seeing as big cities don't tend to be all that good for the environment. Whilst part of the Kingdom of Denmark, Greenland is an autonomous country with its own separate government, much like the Faroe Islands. The Greenlandic flag
The white and red bands are based on the Danish flag, but also symbolize ice and the ocean, respectively. At off-center (towards the hoist) is a disk, in which both colors are reversed, reminiscent of the sun setting over the horizon.