AKA petrol bomb or people's grenade, a simple Improvised Weapon for all your asymmetric warfare needs. Brilliant in its simplicity: a glass bottle full of gasoline (or very high-proof alcohol, and even turpentine in some cases), and a burning rag on the bottleneck, thrown at the enemy.
In Video Gamesthe effect of the heat is usually ignored. May be shown to be a bottle of alcohol with a flaming handkerchief stuffed inside.
It's also common to be an Improvised Weapon by raiding a local bar or liquor cabinet. But it should be noted that only the highest proof drinks would be of any effectiveness. So actual cocktail drinks wouldn't work, only harder alcohol like vodka or rum (and these will only bring grief to the most lightly clothed of foes).
Popular in guerrilla warfare and riots. Common way to Kill It with Fire.
For a person who uses this and other handheld explosives or incendiaries as a Weapon of Choice, see Throw Down the Bomblet.
Not to be confused with Molotov Cocktease.
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Maria Louise from G Gundam destroys a cornerpost that supports a energy barrier, to help her allies come help Domon.
Durarara!!: In the flashback to Masaomi's time with the Yellow Scarves, Walker saves Masaomi's girlfriend from the Blue Squares with two bottles of gasoline, one used as a molotov.
In YuYu Hakusho, an arsonist burns down Yusuke's home with one.
In the Korean film The Host, one character has a whole bag of Molotov Cocktails, using one cocktail to light the next.
Sudden Impact starts with Harry Callahan in his car being pursued by armed thugs. At one point they throw a molotov into his car, but he manages to throw it back at them.
Used in the original Night of the Living Dead to ward off the zombies during an escape attempt. In theory, this was a very practical strategy, since this type of zombie fears fire. How it turns out when executed is another story...
Used in the climatic chase scene in The Roadwarrior. Despite initial success against their pursuers, the disabled mechanic drops one and sets himself on fire. Although he's protected by his leather gauntlets and eventually puts the fire out, another character is killed coming to his aid, and the mechanic is killed trying to retrieve her body.
In Deathworld 2, Jason uses these, except that this is far in the future and they are known as 'molotails'.
The technothriller novel Vortex by Larry Bond features South African partisans fighting against a Soviet-backed invasion with souped-up Molotov Cocktails using soap flakes to convert the gasoline into a sticky napalm-like substance.
Used here and there in The Tomorrow Series, essentially a story about a gang of geurilla fighters. Cocktails are mentioned as being used whenever the group needs some Stuff Blowing Up.
Mavis in The Eye of the Pyramid refers to George Dorn to as someone who jacks off to a diagram of a molotov cocktail.
Used in Changes, book 12 of The Dresden Files, by two of Harry's enemies. They don't succeed in killing him, but his apartment building is completely destroyed. (Including his lab with the wicked cool 'voodoo doll of the entire city', dammit!)
Abbie Hoffman's Steal This Book features a section on the making of/use of Molotov cocktails.
Burn Notice had Fiona use these to ward off thugs. She needed some type of weapon and improvised with a liquor cabinet.
In the original miniseries V, little old Ruby throws a Molotov into a Visitor craft, saying, "This one's for Abraham," her friend whom the Visitors killed.
In the season 1 finale of LOST, Michael's raft is blown up by a Molotov. We don't know the name of the Other who threw it, so she is known on Lostpedia as "Molotov Woman."
MythBusters used one of these on a ship to conclude the busted "Archimedes Death Ray" and proved that the cocktail can still be a dud if it isn't given proper conditions to spread out. It required a second cocktail and a strong wind to be effective.
Randy's house in The Wire got torched by two thugs armed with Molotovs after he had told the police details about a gang killing.
Vyvyan: It's funny, but being ill makes me lose my usual tolerant and easygoing approach to communal living (lobs it across the landing, into the other's bedroom).
Used in Seven Periods With Mr Gormsby, not literally but in a memorable scene when Steve asks Mr Gormsby, "Did you teach 5F to make Molotov cocktails?" Gormsby replies, "Of course! How else can they fully understand the Russian Revolution?"
In Deadliest Warrior, this was one of the weapons selected to represent The Mafia in the Mafia vs Yakuza episode. The tests showed it capable of engulfing a car in flames within seconds, though it proved to be ineffective in the actual five on five battle, garnering only two kills out of a thousand computer simulations.
In the Doctor Who serial "The Seeds of Doom", Scorby creates some Molotov cocktails to use against the Kyrnoid, a Man-Eating Plant.
In the episode "Burning House of Love" of True Blood, three rednecks use molotovs to torch the house where three vampires are resting for the day.
The episode "Swan Song" of Supernatural had Castiel use a Holy Fire Molotov to torch Michael. Lucifer however was not pleased with this.
Review With Myles Barlow: In the episode where Myles roadtests acceptance by joining a biker gang, he uses a Molotov cocktail to burn down the headquarters of a rival gang.
In the Monk episode "Mr. Monk Meets the Godfather," after talking with a rival gang (asian in origin) on a tip from a U.S. Mint employee. Monk sits down in exhaustion when he tried to get the gang leader to settle for 100 pushups but failed. Then a molotov cocktail is thrown inside the gym and the gang is forced to evacuate alongside Monk and Sharona. Monk is later blamed by this by the FBI agent in charge of the investigation.
The Molotov Cocktail is the local drink, and all she wants to do is dance, dance
Mix 'em up right in the kitchen sink, and all she wants to do is dance...
Chumbawamba's "Rebel Code" as per the liner notes, is about "Two revolutionary inventions from Finland ... the molotov cocktail and the Linux computer operating system" and "It must be the cold weather. or the Vodka."
Changing everything that they were taught: alcohol and fire and ones and naughts. Something in the water and the bones — rebel code.
In Myth - The Fallen Lords, dwarves throw these. They make excellent weapons against the slow-moving Thrall (undead warriors), as well as can set off other explosives. However, they are unreliable, especially in rain or snow, do friendly fire, have a tendency to bounce off things and sometimes roll back towards the thrower, and are generally affected by the detailed physics, so may be unexpectedly tossed in a new direction - sometimes very strongly - by other explosions nearby, before blowing up. They aren't exactly molotovs, being explosive but not setting things on fire and often referenced as being filled with powder.
Resident Evil 0 features them, as fire is the best way to deal with the Leech Zombies. Later on, Napalm Grenades serve the same function in a more efficient manner.
If you find Alcohol Bottles, Newspapers, and Lighters in a scenario, these can be created in Resident Evil Outbreak
In Left 4 Dead molotovs are best used as barriers against large numbers of charging zombies. The fire instantly kills regular infected, though their flaming, screaming bodies often run a bit further before collapsing. A Tank set on fire by one will die of fire damage in around a minute and a half - in Expert difficulty, due to the incredible resilience and incredible damage of Tanks, the best strategy is generally to ignite him and run like hell. Hunters used to do considerably more damage when ignited by one, until it was changed in a patch. There's also an achievement called Burn the Witch!, which is pretty much Exactly What It Says on the Tin.
The protagonist in Gun can use "whiskey bombs," which are basically whiskey bottles with flaming bits of rag in the tops. Given that you also drink whiskey to regain health, it's a bit worrisome.
Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas features a mission where you have to torch a house with Molotovs (and then battle your own flames, to save a girl you trapped inside without knowing she was in there). Later on in the game, pedestrians riot and throw molotovs around, including at you.
As is typical of the game, Grand Theft Auto IV takes a more realistic (but less fun) approach to them than previous installments. The actual fire caused by the weapon is generally contained to a pretty small area, and you have to get more or less a direct hit in order to effectively light a person or vehicle.
The Saints Row games all feature them as a throwable weapon. The throwing range, area of affect, and damage are usually upgradable. As with the GTA example above, once the player unlocks the ability to be fireproof, they can be used very effectively with little risk.
The Goonies II video game had these as one of your character's weapons.
They are also available in multiplayer. But their slow travel speed after throwing, exploding on impact (thus, you usually need to you to expose yourself to make sure you can hit something with them, while frag grenades can be instead cooked and thrown around corners with less risk), generally only killing with a near-direct hit - makes them unpopular there.
Black Ops used this in the Vorkuta mission in the campaign. Its sequel has them as an optional weapon in Mission 4.
Command & Conquer Generals, the GLA has the unit "Angry Mob," which is initially equipped with pistols and rocks, but can be ubgraded to wield AK's and Molotovs. Effective against buildings.
In Red Alert 3, Russian Conscripts can switch between AK's and Molotovs to alternate between anti-infantry and anti-garrison warfare.
The Molotovs in Freedom Fighters are often better than the grenades: they're a guaranteed kill and the enemy doesn't have a chance to run away.
A little known game called Iron Grip: Warlord used them as weapons. The heat flare was spectacular. And the damage dealt was usually a one-shot kill.
The Godfather: The Game has them. Notable in that if you decide not to use them, you put bottle back inside your Hammerspace shirt. While the rag is still on fire.
In Arcanum Molotovs are the first item that can be made by the explosives discipline and are, unless you cross-train with electricity, the only damaging explosive until the end of the tree.
In Metal Slug, Molotovs can be picked up in certain stages under the alternate name "Fire Bomb". They often appear at oppurtune moments where you're about to run into several crowded groups of infantry.
Possibly the most effective ones seen in a video game is Far Cry 2. It takes place in the grasslands of Africa, and if the wind is going when you throw one... your enemies will be greeted by a literal firewall. Good as a distraction, while you sneak somewhere.
In Metal Gear Solid 4, Snake can acquire these (although they are referenced by their more technical name, "petrol bomb"), mostly during Act 1. While you can also obtain and use standard incendiary grenades, which have more power, Molotovs trade the power for increased range, although damaging explosives in general seem useless in the game in harder difficulties.
C-dogs, the sequel to the freeware DOS game Cyberdogs by Ronny Wester, has Molotovs as a selectable weapon. They cannot bounce, but the flames that spread will do incredible damage to anything that they touch.
In Psychonauts, it turns out that Boyd Cooper, a.k.a. the Milkman, one of the inmates in the insane asylum area, was brought in after using a Molotov to burn down the department store he worked as a security guard at for firing him. After a dive into his mind to get him to remember a... job he had to do to make him open the asylum gate, well, he goes in carrying a basket of bottles, and...
Raz: Hey, is that milk regular kind, or the exploding dream kind?
Boyd: It's fortified with what the world wants! What the world deserves!
So, yes, they are indeed the kind that explode.
BioShock has an enemy, the Nitro Splicers, who throw either Molotov cocktails or tin can bombs depending on where you encounter them.
You can also make your own by using the Incinerate plasmid on a bottle of alcohol and then Telekinesis to throw it at an enemy.
Molotov cocktails appear in the Fallout series as a type of grenade, subject to all the uselessness of that class of weapon.
In the first mission of Starcraft 2 if you destroy all of the Dominion holo-boards the civilians will revolt with these as their weapon of choice. Their Molotov cocktails are extremely effective against buildings.
Zeke, a kind of a Mook in Batman Doom who looks like a fat trucker with a big beard, uses these. The Molotovs they throw are actually pretty harmless due to their short range - as long as you keep your distance and don't walk into a fresh Molotov still burning on the ground (they disappear after about a second), you're home free.
One of the weapons available in Odium. They work similarly to grenades though they do less damage, but more than make up for it by setting your opponent on fire for three turns.
One of the soldier's default abilities in Brink, it's mainly used for knocking over groups of enemies.
Usable in a weapon in Jagged Alliance 2; high-proof alcohol is sold in any number of bars, and rags are Commonplace Rare but comparatively easy to acquire (knife + t-shirt). They make for very effective area-denial weapons, particularly as the explosion is roughly comparable to that of a mini-grenade, and the flaming puddle burns for four or five turns straight.
The Holy Water in the Castlevania games operate in a very similar manner to Molotov cocktails, where, upon the holy water container breaking from the impact, it causes a fire.
Counter-Strike: Global Offensive adds these to the series's grenade arsenal. It starts a fire that lasts about 10 seconds once it hits the the ground (and only the ground; it just bounces off walls), damaging and slowing down whoever walks through it. It's used mostly for the sake of area denial, but can be put out by a smoke grenade. The weapon is exclusive to the Terrorist side, but Counter-Terrorists have incendiary grenades that function identically. Humorously, despite just being the traditional glass bottle full of gasoline and a rag, it cost $400 (and used to be more than twice that).
Mass Effect: Though you don't ever actually get to use it yourself, ryncol (the krogan liquor of choice) is apparently volatile enough that it will spontaneously combust on its own when thrown at something. In the Citadel DLC, Grunt sets fire to a C-Sec car with one. Then he steals the car (while it's still on fire, yes).
The Last of Us sees Joel crafting his own Molotov cocktails using, naturally, rags and alcohol. As a weapon, they're initially troublesome (flames will kill human enemies as well as Infected, but in the meantime they're on fire, and fire spreads) but work very well against Bloaters by burning away their fungal armor. Amusingly, Joel ignites the cocktails when he equips them, and will calmly stuff the lit bomb back into his pocket when putting them away.
They can be crafted in The Forest by combining a bottle of booze and a piece of cloth.
The IRA activist isn't shown on UK broadcasts of that episode, probably because of a mixture of Dude, Not Funny! and Too Soon.
In another episode, Bart and Homer make use of the fact that everything in the Simpsonverse is Made of Explodium by making molotov cocktails out of coconuts.
First introduced to Europe during the Spanish Civil War of 1936-39, it also saw use in the '37-45 Second Sino-Japanese War. It was a weapon of desperation, used by poorly-equipped infantry against armoured cars and tanks (in urban combat, such as at Shanghai and Changsha).
Most Molotov cocktails employed by regular armed forces were upgraded significantly from just having gasoline as an active ingredient, because while gasoline is easy to ignite, its high vapour pressure causes it to burn off quickly before penetrating inside a vehicle. Three-quarters gasoline to one quarter diesel or engine oil was the officially recommended formula for the British Home Guard, and more sophisticated models used various jellied-fuel formulae that were eventually developed into napalm. Some even used mixtures of sulphur, phosphorus and flammable metals that could ignite on contact and burn at temperatures in the thousands of degrees. The traditional rag-in-the-bottleneck fuse was also replaced with storm matches in factory-made versions, as seen here.◊
Note that these weapons are generally useless on most modern Main Battle Tanks, which are designed to keep flaming liquids from seeping into critical spaces. This goes double for the Abrams, whose gas-turbine enginenote of the kind supposed to be used in aircraft - it makes the vehicle an impossible-to-miss target for heat-seeking air-to-ground missiles, though this hasn't been a real worry for the US since the fall of the Soviet Union runs so hot already that a Molotov wouldn't affect it. Light tanks and Armoured Personnel Carriers are not universally indifferent to their charms, however.
Note that one is effectively forcing the tank-commander to choose between killing the engine, potentially allowing you to bring something bigger (like an anti-tank rocket-launcher) to bear on the vehicle's weak spots and disable/destroy it, or to retreat and risk engine failure. Even though tanks never operate alone, the latter is still a safer bet in most cases.
Used extensively by the freedom fighters during the Hungarian Uprising of 1956 and the Prague Spring of 1968.
One of these was used on Edinburgh's Princes Street (the main thoroughfare) by the notorious "Capital City Service" football hooligan firm, against the Aberdeen Casuals. The Casuals, hitherto known as one of the hardest firms in Scotland, turned and ran. Unfortunately for the CCS, this also marked the time when the law got really interested in football hooliganism, and organized hooliganism has been dying a slow death ever since.
The jellied petroleum (or napalm) variant was pretty much the only anti-tank weapon the Bosnian Army had in it's early months- bonus points for getting a slightly charred tank for yourself after it cools off.
A scaled-up version was used during World War II: Drop Tanks (externally-attached fuel tanks that could be discarded in-flight) were filled with jellied gasoline, then attached to an incendiary charge. These were then used as an Improvised Weapon when American personnel were short on bombs during the early pitched battles of the war (the preferred tactic was to drop them on unarmored Japanese supply ships and troop ships).