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Anime and Manga
- In the English dub, there's an episode where he remarks, "We've all got our own cross to bear." This is set before Christianity was introduced to Japan.
- In another, InuYasha complains about having to take time out to be a "Good Samaritan."
- One Piece:
- In Viz's translation, Crocodile comments that Luffy is "a dime a dozen", even though One Piece uses its own fictional currency called Berries.
- Brook's hairstyle and Luffy's wig are called "afro" just like on Earth, even though there is no Africa (thus no Afrodescendants) in that world.
- In Sonic X, there is a character called 'Black Narcissus' despite his race never having visited Earth and in fact existing in a whole other universe! (Also, Sonic X's Earth doesn't appear to have the same countries anyway...)
- The Five Star Stories has numerous things and people named after Earth stuff despite either taking place A Long Time Ago In A Galaxy Far Away or a future so distant that nobody knows much about life before space colonization. Lampshaded at one point where Ladios Sopp indulges in a bit of Leaning on the Fourth Wall and jokingly asks Chrome Ballanche, a Mad Scientist who has created several Artificial Human "Fatimas" with names based on Greek and other mythologies just where he comes up with these names.
- Lampshaded or humor in Oh! Edo Rocket
"Sir, that terminology is not in use during this time period."
- The Pokémon anime is more prone to referencing locations that may or may not exist in this universe's version of Earth than the games do, most commonly in the dub and early seasons. Regardless, many Pokémon are described as being similar to a certain animal. For example, Pikachu is the "Mouse Pokémon." And yet, there are no examples of there being actual mice in-universe.
- The first episode of Akame ga Kill! has someone being called a Good Samaritan. What most people don't know is that Samaritans are a real life ethnic group who are the reason why we have the phrase Good Samaritan.
- Astérix has a few of these, being set in 50 B.C. and Anachronism Stew being one of its defining features. Most notably, virtually all puns are based on words that were non-existent at the time.
- A Dub-Induced Plot Hole occurs in the Spanish version of a comic book: A character sneezes, and Asterix says "Bless you!" — which in this context is translated to Spanish as "¡Jesús!" This raised the question for Spanish readers of how could Asterix say that in the year 50 B.C.
- For that matter, Geriatrix is always referring to the battle of Gergovia as "Like in '52!" (from a common French expression, "like in '40!"). That is, 52 B.C. There is even one instance in which a character refers to the current year being 50 B.C.
- In Asterix Conquers America, Getafix believes that the land he has arrived in is India. He then inexplicably thinks that the locals would prefer to be called Native Americans, even though the colonisation of the Americas and Amerigo Vespucci's birth didn't happen until over a thousand years later.
- In a short story featured in Asterix and Obelix's Birthday: The Golden Book, Obelix is learning how to read with an alphabet book in which animals stand in for most of the letters. In the English edition, Y stands for "yak", even though yaks live in the Himalayas and were not known in ancient Gaul.
- Asterix and the Actress used the expression "drunk as a skunk". Though this is rhyming slang as opposed to an actual comparison, skunks are native to the Americas.
- Silex and the City not only has characters using dates in thousands of years B.C., but such Lampshade Hanging as a director of X-rated movies remarking that the letter X hasn't even been invented yet.
- Jonathan Hickman's Avengers features artificial life forms called the Alephs, who were created millions of years ago by the first sentient species in the universe. It isn't explained how they could be named after the first letter of Earth's Semitic languages, which didn't exist when the Alephs first came around.
- Played for laughs in the The Moomins comic strip: in one storyline, the Moomin family travel back in time to Ancient Egypt. When one of them asks what year it is, an Egyptian replies, "4000 BC."
Films — Live-Action
- In Mel Brooks' History of the World Part I, Comicus says "Jesus" in exasperation during The Last Supper, causing Jesus to answer, "Yes?" assuming that Comicus was addressing him.
- Flash Gordon:
- The movie has the War Rocket Ajax as part of Ming's fleet. Ajax, of course, was a famous Greek hero, and Ming has never heard of Earth before the start of the movie.
- Ming himself is an alien emperor sharing his name with a famous Chinese imperial dynasty. It's a simple enough name to plausibly be a coincidence if not for the transparent (and a bit racist) resemblance.
- The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers has soldiers being ordered to loose arrows with the command "Fire!," despite the pre-firearms setting. Note this line is spoken in Elvish, and the error is only in the subtitles—a more accurate translation is "Loose!" (oddly enough the first movie gets this right).
- Star Wars:
- As an xkcd strip points out, they really shouldn't know what a "falcon" is. Han's "I'll see you in hell" from The Empire Strikes Back often raises the question "Why does he know that concept?", but the Star Wars setting has afterlife beliefs, and lots of cultures have a conception of the Land of the Dead that is most conveniently put into English as "hell". note
- Interestingly, humans aren't the only Earthly creatures to appear in Star Wars. Things such as cats, cows, etc. sometimes show up in the canon. The strip may also be evoking a different take on the subject — in the novelization, Obi-Wan notes that even a duck must learn to swim. Having grown up on Tatooine, Luke has no clue about any waterfowl even existing, let alone ducks. So for all we know, the ship may well be named after what we Earthlings know as a falcon. The nature of the connection between our insignificant little planet and the Star Wars galaxy is left to the imagination (or fanfic).
- There's also The Phantom Menace and its repeated use of the word "boycott", which comes straight from the shunning campaign against landowner Charles Boycott in 19th-century Ireland. However, that could be chalked up to Translation Convention; people have translated the Roman custom of secessio plebis, where the lower class would quit working and leave, shutting down the city to protest mistreatment, as "plebeian boycott".
- In The Force Awakens, Han uses the phrase "mumbo jumbo" when describing his earlier doubts about the Force. The phrase is likely an Anglicized derivative of a word for a ceremonial dancer in the religious ceremonies of the Mandinka people of Africa.
- One of the earlier books references gypsies, which is kind of a problem, since there's no Egypt in the universe to derive that name—the equivalent is called Djelibeybi. So, if there are Roma on the Disc, they should probably be nicknamed Jelibeybs or something like that.
- PTerry even noticed this, and explained that 'Djelibeybs', which they should be called, wouldn't be understood by the readers, so he had to use a conventional English word instead. (Also, the book that introduced Djelibeybi was written after this.)
- Fanon (well, one discussion on afp) has it that Discworld gypsies are descended from itinerant plaster-of-Pseudopolis sellers, hence the name is derivied from "gypsum".
- In Witches Abroad, there's a reference to a christening, and a woman named Christine in Monstrous Regiment. In Carpe Jugulum and Nanny Ogg's Cookbook, this has been replaced with Naming Ceremony.
- Parodied in the Assassins' Guild Diary which uses the orphaned word "byzantine" ... in explaining that the politics of the Komplezian Empire were the origins of the modern Morporkian word "complex".
- In the introduction to The Discworld Companion, Pratchett says that a fantasy author may start out trying to avoid references to things like "Toledo steel", but sooner or later will just look up from their keyboard, mutter "what the hell" and give up.
- Jingo has Vimes mention a Pavlovian response. A footnote explains that, on the Discworld, this phenomenon was so named after a scientist proved that dogs could be trained to salivate at the thought of meringue. (This is itself an Orphaned Etymology, as the food was named for a person who also didn't exist on Discworld!)
- In Mort, Binky carries his riders to stratohemispheric heights. The air above the Disc forms a dome, not a sphere.
- One of the Wizards books has a Ming vase. So called because, if you tap it, it goes Ming!
- The French translation of Guards! Guards! has this problem with Carrot's "Dwarfish war yodel", because the French word for yodel is Tyrolienne, referencing a place that doesn't exist on the Discworld.
- The yudasgoat in Feet of Clay. Maybe there was coincidentally some guy named Yudas on the Disc who was just a real untrustworthy slimeball.
- Despite having an eight-day week, the Disc has the word "fortnight", because "sixtnight" just looks awkward.
- A jarringly-obvious example which Pterry really should have picked up on was in Going Postal when Moist von Lipwig commented "Wow, El Dorado or what?" while first examining himself and his new golden suit in the mirror.
- One of the earlier books references gypsies, which is kind of a problem, since there's no Egypt in the universe to derive that name—the equivalent is called Djelibeybi. So, if there are Roma on the Disc, they should probably be nicknamed Jelibeybs or something like that.
- In the Dragonriders of Pern series, Pernese still say "jays" and "by all that's holy" despite having Outgrown Such Silly Superstitions. Mildly justified in that they might just be holdover expressions from the original Terran colonists.
- The Lord of the Rings: although Tolkien worked hard to remove words that did not have a European root, he did let some things slide, such as "potato," which comes from the Taino word "batata". Tolkien explained this and other language complications as him translating the original language into English. The actual new world plant being present apparently didn't bother him.
- In His Dark Materials, Lyra refers to uranium mines, but a later chapter refers to "the other five planets", indicating that Uranus hasn't been discovered in her world. (In our world, uranium was named after Uranus because they were discovered around the same time. However, they're both named after a Roman god, so it's not totally out of the blue.)
- Parodied in Dave Barry's Complete Guide to Guys, where one of the entries in Alexander the Great's diary reads:
324 B.C., Jan. 6 - Note: Find out what "B.C." stands for.
- In an interview, Christopher Paolini, author of the Inheritance Cycle, mentioned this problem, specifically citing "backpedaled" as a word he couldn't use. He used it anyway.
- A Song of Ice and Fire: George R.R. Martin also slips once in a while, and uses words like "damask" in a world with no city named Damascus, "turkey" (the fowl) where there is no country of the same name, or "chequy" when the setting's doesn't have an apparent direct analog to chess (and the closest game is called cyvasse). The Straight Edge Evil character Roose Bolton likes to drink the medicinal beverage Hippocras, the name of which ultimately derives from the Ancient Greek physician Hippocrates. When Theon contemplates paying Ramsay Snow, who has just returned with an army as he promised to do in return for being given a girl to rape "his pound of flesh" towards the end of A Clash of Kings, he's quoting William Shakespeare in a world where the latter never lived. The "gunwale" of a ship is referred to 12 times, while no cannon are used by any of the cultures shown so far; in a modern context a gunwale is an upper edge of a ship's side, but originally was a reinforcement specifically to accommodate cannons.
- The Ringworld Throne:
- A native of Ringworld refers to how the irritable chieftain of the Grass Giants might "go off like a volcano" if he finds out about something, which is puzzling because Ringworld has no volcanic activity.
- Or the Roman god Vulcan, for that matter.
- The novelization of Star Wars: A New Hope includes a small dialogue in which Obi-Wan Kenobi is musing about training Luke.
Ben: Even a duck has to be taught to swim.
Luke: What's a duck?
- This is a bit of an aversion, since several of the Star Wars tie-ins around the time the film came out seemed to be written under the assumption that earth creatures did in fact exist in the galaxy far far away. The reason Luke doesn't know what a duck is that he lives on a desert world. Eventually, ducks are introduced into canon.
- Another Star Wars example: the novel Lando Calrissian and the Starcave of ThonBoka mentions a Portuguese man-o'-war despite Portugal, obviously, not existing in the setting. A later article on StarWars.com made an offhand mention of the planet Portug, though it's not explicitly said that it's where the term comes from in-universe.
- The Kingkiller Chronicle plays with this in some weird ways. There are several fictional dead and in-use languages in its world, so a Translation Convention is assumed. Then you get things like the word 'vintage'. In our world, it comes from Latin by way of French, referring to wine (vin, vino, vinum, etc...), but it's not any more out of place than any other English word in fantasy. However, in the Four Corners there is no Orphaned Etymology, because the word vintage is derived from the country of Vintas, which happens to produce fine wine.
- Andrzej Sapkowski, best known for creating The Witcher short stories and novels, eventually answered occasional criticisms of the Witcher world being "anachronistic" (such as the mention of a woman's panties) by pointing out the ubiquity of this trope. By that logic, he noted, no fantasy novel published in Polish should ever include a king, as the word for "king" (in the Polish language) is derived from Charlemagne's name. A wholly imaginary world, he notes, has just as much reason to include modern women's underwear as it has to use modern words or ones that reference the real world. In another novel of his, with fantasy elements but set in medieval Europe, a character uses the word "cholera", a common and rather modern-sounding curse word in Polish. A footnote notes that the name of the sickness dates back to antiquity and the well-educated character who uses it would know the word and, furthermore, cursing by invoking the names of illnesses and maladies has a very long history. The footnote ends with "while there is no evidence that this particular word was used for cursing in medieval times, there is also no evidence that it wasn't", in what is possibly a Take That! against such criticism.
- In The First Law novel Red Country, one character makes a joke/pun on the heroine's name when she introduces herself as Shy, which shouldn't really work since the characters are supposed to be speaking some kind of fictional Common Tongue. Also, while not confirmed, given that another female character in the series is named Shylo, Shy may actually be a nickname for that. Also, at least one character has paraphrased William Shakespeare quotes, although its plausible that these come from some in-universe equivalent author.
- Early in K. J. Parker's Sharps, one character quotes the Dorothy Parker quip (here attributed to an ancient philosopher) that "You can lead a whore to culture but you can't make her think." Later in the novel, it is implied that the language of the main characters' country is more or less Latin and that of The Empire from which they became independent is more or less Greek. This creates problems with the joke, in that whore isn't a word of Latin or Greek origin, and the Greek and Latin words for the profession wouldn't allow for a pun on horticulture (there's also an issue that the proverb that Dorothy Parker was spoofing- "You can lead a horse to water but you can't make him drink"- has an Old English origin, not a Classical one). There's also a bit of this in the fact that the novel revolves around a disputed territory between feuding nations, that is generally referred to as a DMZ- definitely a modern term.
- Also by K.J. Parker, The Folding Knife has a scene where a character jokes that some obnoxious people should be lined up against the wall and shot. Problem is, there are no guns in the setting, and thus no firing squads that would give rise to that phrase. Possibly they use bows.
- Lampshaded repeatedly in Void Dogs, including a self-deprecating reference to an "early 21st century writer" who was notorious for her insistence on lampshading Orphaned Etymology.
- Avoided in The Lies of Locke Lamora. A character is described as having "a drooping moustache," instead of a "Fu Manchu moustache."
- Brandon Sanderson:
- Sanderson is careful about averting this subtly enough that you rarely notice. For example Scadrial (the setting of Mistborn) has no moon, so no one ever makes any references to "mooning" over someone or anything of the like. (Except once, when a character is referring to a friend's romance, in what by Word of God is a mistake) Roshar (The Stormlight Archive) has all the soil scoured from the majority of the continent by massive highstorms, so no one talks about soil, mud, or even dirt. Highstorms do carry a thick, sludgy substance that gathers on buildings and slowly hardens into stone (implied to be eroded rock and stone carried by the storms). On any other world, it would just be referred to as mud, but here they call it crem because they don't have a word for mud.
- A specific example in The Stormlight Archive is lampshaded with the axehounds, dog-sized lobster-things used as pets and hunting companions. A worldhopper points out that while the people of Roshar are well aware of what an axe is, they don't have any actual hounds, so what do they think the name means?
- In the first Spellsinger book, the town of Lynchbany is named for the hanging of Tilo Bany by an angry mob. The word "lynch" meaning an extralegal execution derives from Charles Lynch, an eighteenth-century Virginian known for the practice. How lynching came to be called that in the Warmlands is not explained.
- In The Elenium, Sir Bevier's Weapon of Choice is consistently called a Lochaber axe, despite the Scottish town of Lochaber being unknown to the Elenians.
- The Lost Fleet has a discussed example. The characters in the spacefuture use the expression "The witch sings" to mean, "something ends", but the origin of the expression is unknown. To the modern reader, it's very clearly a synthesis of "The witch is dead" (a reference to the ending of The Wizard of Oz) and "The fat lady sings" (referencing the ending of Richard Wagner's The Ring of the Nibelung, which ends with Brünnhilde, the character normally stereotyped as a huge woman in a copper bra and winged helmet, singing a long aria).
- Battlestar Galactica has a few examples of terms that should be exclusive to Earth history, despite existing in a fictional universe where Earth is just a myth and modern history as we know it has not happened yet. Ships are named after Earth animals (viper, raptor) and Roslin once quotes The Merchant of Venice, among other things. Word of God explains that at least some of these were intentional, implying a cosmic connection between their history and ours ("All of this has happened before"). The one they probably can't get away with is Tigh's exclamation of "Jesus!" Even if there was such a figure in Colonial history, they are almost exclusively polytheistic and there are no other hints of anything resembling Abrahamic religions.
- Averted in the original series: when the Galacticans encounter humans in deep space, one of the Not-Nazi soldiers says that their spacecraft will take down the Galactica, like "a pack of wolves takes down a bear." Adama responds that he has never heard of a wolf or a bear.
- Dinosaurs uses the B.C. timeline. Lampshaded in the first episode when Robbie asks why the dates go backward. "I mean, what are we counting down for? What are we waiting for?"
- History Bites also uses this trope in the episode focusing on Ancient Rome. Also lampshaded as the news anchors repeatedly say "whatever B.C. means."
- In the British wartime sitcom Chickens, the characters refer to the war as World War I. In real life, it was called the Great War at that time. A very mild case of Aluminum Christmas Trees: Some more cynical writers of the era doubted that it could truly be "the war to end all wars" and reasoned that if there's already one World War, there might as well be another.
- The BBC series Robin Hood at one point features the Sheriff threatening some innocent party with a time-limited offer, which he punctuates with "tick tock". The mechanical clock didn't arrive in Europe until at least the following century.
- That Mitchell and Webb Look:
- Beautifully lampshaded in a sketch:
Prehistoric policeman: This stone crime, it's rampant. Sometimes I wonder whether the whole advance into stone technology hasn't been a bit of a double-edged sword.
Prehistoric policewoman: Double-edged what?
Prehistoric policeman: I don't know.
- Another sketch uses the same "Jesus Christ!" exclamation mentioned above, again delivered to Jesus himself.
- Beautifully lampshaded in a sketch:
- In Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Bajoran characters say "My God" once or twice, despite believing in the Prophets, not gods.
- Game of Thrones: The consistent use of the term "pillow-biter" to refer to gay men (usually contemptuously). This is a real term in modern British slang meaning just what it's used to mean in the show, but it dates from the 1979 sodomy trial of former Liberal Party leader Jeremy Thorpe (specifically deriving from his accuser Norman Scott's testimony that he "bit the pillow" when Thorpe penetrated him). Needless to say, neither Jeremy Thorpe nor his trial existed or occurred in Westeros.
- There's also dwarf referring to little people. In the real world, dwarfism is named after the mythological dwarves because of their alleged short stature. Despite being fantasy, there doesn't seem to be any indication that dwarves exist in Westeros to inspire the name.
- Star Fox:
- Falco, rather infamously, sarcastically calls Fox McCloud "Einstein" if you shoot him. When a reader of Nintendo Power magazine sent in a letter questioning how could a being from another galaxy know about Albert Einstein, the editors' response was, "Because the game's creators are from this galaxy, Einstein." Falco says not only, "Einstein," but also, "Jeez Laweez, what's that?" He really loves this trope. "Einstein" is removed in the 3DS remake of Star Fox 64. He now says "genius" instead.
- One ending of Star Fox Command had the Anglars using "Puny Earthlings" as an insult to Slippy and Amanda, who are from a planet nowhere near Earth.
- Several video games set in a fantasy universe (e.g. Bloodborne, Final Fantasy VII, etc.) will often reference an improvised incendiary device called a Molotov Cocktail. The name actually came from Vyacheslav Molotov, the Soviet foreign minister from 1930 - 1941. During the Winter War with Finland (1939 - 1940), Molotov claimed over the radio that Soviet air forces were dropping food for the Finnish people. The Finnish soldiers, who noticed that the objects that fell from those planes had a nasty habit of exploding whenever they hit the ground, began to sarcastically call the bombs "Molotov bread boxes". When the Finns used petrol bombs to attack Soviet tanks, they dubbed them "Molotov Cocktails - a drink to go with the meal".
- In general, though it appears very commonly in Video Games; Any game universe that establishes what happens when they die see XenoBlade and FF7 again with ideas such as spirits going back to The Life Stream or any other measurable concept for what happens when you die, some people use the terms Heaven or Hell despite neither names being used to address the only place where people go when they die, usually the latter.
- In Adam Cadre's Shrapnel, a character fighting in the Civil War calls another "Einstein" — which is an in-universe slip-up on his part, as he's a time traveler.
- In Dragon Quest, this is used a lot. It is even Lampshaded in Dragon Quest V, where the phrase "proud as Punch" is used and the Hero's daughter wonders what Punch was proud about.
- In Skies of Arcadia, the only kind of pirate in the 'verse is explicitly called a "sky" pirate, despite the lack of need for differentiation.
- Dates in Chrono Trigger use B.C. and A.D., even though Jesus Christ does not appear to exist in the game's universe. This system is apparently based on the founding of the kingdom of Guardia, but that doesn't explain the usage of those terms. Making this even stranger is that Japan doesn't normally use B.C. and A.D., having instead terms that translate to "before common era" and "Western calendar" as equivalents, yet the Japanese version of the game still used B.C. and A.D. in the dates.
- The English localization of Sengoku Basara 3 (Samurai Heroes), which is set in the Sengoku Era of Japan (1467–1573), has a foot soldier of Date Masamune's army periodically claim, "This is something the boss would refer to as 'cool'!" Strictly speaking, this is not by any means this series' most grievous example of something being out of chronological order.
- An example that applies to the Final Fantasy series as a whole are the gysahl greens. They first appeared in Final Fantasy III where they can be found in Gysahl Village. They appear in future installments without any mention of the village.
- In Final Fantasy VII, Tifa's bar has a neon sign with the word TEXAS written prominently on it. There's also a diner in Sector 6 that serves a "Korean BBQ Plate" (although note that the equivalent Japanese term is simply "grilled meat").
- In Dragon Age: Inquisition, Cassandra's actions are referred to as "crusading," despite the Andrastian holy wars being called "Exalted Marches." Moreover, the main symbols of Andrastianism are a flame and a sword, not a cross, from which the word "crusade" is derived.
- Varric, at one point, exclaims, "Jeez!" in party banter. "Jeez" is a shortened form of the "Jesus Christ!" blaspheme, even though in this world, Jesus has been replaced by Andraste.
- There are numerous references to days of the week such as Sunday, Friday, and Tuesday, not just in Inquisition but throughout the series. Those days of the week come from the Germanic calendar, and are named after mythological figures from Norse mythology (for the example, Thursday is named after Thor, i.e. "Thor's day"). Obviously, these figures do not exist in Dragon Age's High Fantasy setting.
- One piece of Vendor Trash you can find is a Blood-Soaked Teddy Bear. While bears do exist in Thedas, Teddy Bears were named after "Teddy" Roosevelt.
- Human characters generally have real-world names, even those of Christian religious figures, as opposed to having the names of important figures in Andrastianism (e.g. Cathaire, Havard, or Hessarian).
- The series often refers to real-world locations, such as Lt. Surge being "American". For the most part this could be Handwaved (e.g. The first four regions taking place in Japan and Unova being part of America). Kalos, however, replaces France entirely, yet the term "French" is still used.
- Some Pokemon have descriptions that fall under this. For example, Squirtle is the "tiny turtle" Pokemon but no turtles have ever been shown in-series.
- The Xel'naga called their first creation the Protoss, which has the same pronunciation as the ancient Greek word meaning "first," even though the Xel'naga could not have known ancient Greek.
- On a similar note, one of the protoss characters from the first game is called Fenix, and Starcraft II introduces a new protoss unit, the Phoenix. All of this without them ever having any contact with greek mythology.
- World of Warcraft:
- Two of the cheeses available for purchase are "Alterac Swiss" and "Fine Aged Cheddar" – both of which are named after geographic locations on Earth.
- Goblins have zeppelins, despite Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin not existing in the Warcraft universe.
- The Elder Scrolls:
- In Morrowind, one can find three scrolls which allow you to jump incredible distances. However, as the NPC who invented the scrolls quickly discovered, they wear off after only a few seconds during the jump meaning you no longer have the power to land safely. The name of the scrolls? Icarian Flight. While very fitting, there is no Greek myth of Icarus in Tamriellic history for the creator have gotten then name.
- Your companion in Skyrim tells you at the end of the intro that the town of Helgen is the "end of the line," despite Tamriel not having trains.
- The spinoff game TES Adventures: Redguard has a part where Clavicus Vile, the Daedric Prince of Deals with the Devil, asks the hero if he had a "classical education" while giving him a Knights and Knaves riddle. Tamriel has no Classical Antiquity to study.
- The Dark Souls series contains a halberd-type weapon called a lucerne, which derives its name from the city of Lucerne, Switzerland, where it was popularly used during the 15th to 17th centuries. Presumably, neither Lucerne nor Switzerland exist in the setting's constructed Dark Fantasy universe. Interestingly, this trope was averted with the very same weapon in Demon's Souls, in which the weapon is called a Mirdan Hammer with the weapon description saying the weapon originated in a place called Mird.
- In Dark Souls III you can find several religious tomes written in braille for the benefit of Blind Seers, even though braille was named after the man who invented it, who also presumably never existed in the Dark Souls universe. Notably this was absent in the original Japanese, where it was simply called "dot-writing".
- In Bloodborne, the imposter Doctor Iofeska mentions the Hippocratic Oath. Hippocrates presumably does not exist in the Bloodborne setting however. Other examples include Ludwig referring to his church hunters as "noble spartans" in the DLC and the Molotov cocktail item.
- In Tales of Vesperia, the party can cook a Scottish Egg or Japanese Stew, despite Terca Lumereis containing neither Scotland nor Japan. Likewise, in Tales of Berseria, one of the ingredients to make salad is Worcestershire Sauce, Worcestershire being a county in England and not a place in Midgand.
- In Tales of Symphonia, during the formal dance where everyone is dressed up, Genis tells Loyd that Sheena laughed at his outfit and said he looked like he was dressed up for Easter Sunday. Of course, Easter doesn't exist in the story's world since it's a Christian holiday. However, its partially lampshaded as Loyd asks what Easter Sunday is, and Genis responds that its apparently a holiday in Mizuho.
- Since England and its history never existed in Strangereal, where the hell did all the Arthurian references in Ace Combat Zero: The Belkan War come from?
- Some games in the Fire Emblem series has a sword called the Wo Dao which is essentially a katana. Wo Dao is Chinese for "Japanese Sword", which is a problem since Japan is not a location in the games.
- According to Dinosaur Comics' summary of the play, Hamlet said, "Record scratch! Say WHAAAAAT?" when he found out how his father died.
Alt Text: Hamlet has to say "record scratch" because records aren't invented yet so you can't make the sound otherwise, HOW IS THIS NOT OBVIOUS
- In one of the The Order of the Stick strips appearing in Dragon Magazine, Durkon accuses Vaarsuvius of being a Grammar Nazi, using the phrase "Uptight English teacher". Vaarsuvius responds with confusion at the word "English" since the language they are speaking is actually "Common".
- Despite taking place in a quasi-old-west fantasy world nothing like our own, the gun models featured in 6 Gun Mage - and there are a lot of them - are called by their Real Life names, which tend to reference years, inventors, and/or countries of origin.
- Awful Hospital: Celia says that "a hungry Moldsucker slithers like lightning", although she would never have experienced lightning given that she lives inside a human corpse. This is promptly lampshaded in the following exchange:
Fern: ...how exactly do you know what lightning is?
Celia: Why wouldn't I?
Fern: Becau...never mind. Don't want to know.
- Similarly to the Discworld example above, Neopets has gypsies despite there being no Egypt to derive their name from — the equivalent is called the Lost Desert.
- In the animated The Return of the King, Samwise's response to Gollum's final attack is a very animated "Gooood help us!" (Although the word might have referred to Eru Ilúvatar, it's still out of place as he received direct worship very rarely.)
- The Flintstones apparently live in the United States and celebrate Christmas. Flintstone Theming in general can yield quite a lot of this trope.
- My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic:
- Ponies say "Oh my gosh", without an "Oh my god".
- In the same sense, Rainbow Dash likes to exclaim "For Pete's sake!" once in a while, even though St. Peter is also a Christian figure.
- In "Boast Busters", Spike mentions a Fu Manchu moustache. How exactly does a world of magical talking ponies know about a human-created Yellow Peril villain?
- In the same episode, Twilight calls Spike "Romeo". Perhaps there was some pony version of William Shakespeare?
- Likewise, in the very first episode, after Spike acts all enamored toward Rarity, Twilight tells him "Focus, Casanova."
- In "Suited for Success", when Rarity is designing dresses for the other ponies, Fluttershy specifically requests French Haute Couture, despite being in a universe where France (presumably) doesn't exist. In addition, in "The Cutie Pox", one of Apple Bloom's symptoms is a talent for speaking in French (and she even identifies it as "Français" in her dialogue).
- And in "Call of the Cutie", one thing Rainbow Dash checks for talents is karate. Two-for-one here: why would ponies use a word derived from the Okinawan word for "hand"?
- "Hearth's Warming Eve" uses the term "helping hand", even though no character up until that point had hands (except Spike, but the term "claws" would be more appropriate).
- In "Pinkie Pride", Cheese Sandwich mentions Hawai'ian shirts in one of his songs.
- In "Three's a Crowd", Discord asks for Swiss cheese and Abyssinian pastry (though admittedly, this isn't really out of character for him).
- Lampshaded in "Slice of Life", when Doctor Whooves asks what is this "man" is that the bowling alley ponies keep referring to.
- In "Hearthbreakers", Maud Pie mentions Mohs Scale of Hardness. Mohs was the surname of the German person who invented it.
- The comic books establish that a significant number of Equestria's inventions are taken from ancient excursions into parallel worlds, which may handwave both this trope and Equestria's Schizo Tech.
- Kaeloo has several characters referring to real people such as Marie Antoinette and Britney Spears and mentioning places such as America and Europe... while living on Smileyland, which is a planet. One episode even has them mention having gone on vacation to Australia before!
- The Land Before Time:
- In The Land Before Time IV, during the song "Who Needs You?" July is mentioned, millions of years before the Roman calendar was invented.
- In the second film, one of the antagonists calls himself a Struthiomimus at one point. While he is in fact a Struthiomimus, he logically shouldn't even know what that word is as he was born (and likely died) long before his own species was named. Made even weirder by the fact that the series usually invokes "Call a Rabbit a "Smeerp"".
- And of course, "The Lone Dinosaur".
- Sonic SatAM:
- In one episode, Sonic asked Nicole to repeat some Techno Babble "in English."
- Lampshaded in "Sonic Conversion".
Robotnik: Oh, please. Something is rotten in Topeka... wherever that is.
- Sonic also name checks Axl Rose in the show's pilot episode as well. But then again, the third season was going to reveal that Mobius is a far-future Earth (an idea later adapted to the Archie comic series).
- The phrase "dime a dozen" has been used on Star Wars: The Clone Wars. The main currency of the galaxy is credits, and they've been shown in various forms, so it's possible there is some kind of equivalent to a dime.
- A visual edition occurs in Transformers Prime. The 'bots in Prime categorically lack noses. (Some of them kind of have a nose suggested by the extension of a forehead decoration, but it's still basically on their forehead). Yet, somehow, they end up using the same Autobot logo as the rest of the franchise, which does indeed feature a stylized nose where noses actually go. Illustrated here.
- The Legend of Korra:
- Varrick mentions that "Lyme disease is a serious killer", despite there being no Lyme for the disease to be named after.
- Likewise, Morse code is mentioned, even though there was no Samuel Morse to invent it.
- There's also the use of the term "Jeep" to refer to off-road vehicles, which came from slurring the initials GP (General Purpose) even though the Avatar world doesn't use the Latin alphabet.
- Both averted and played straight in a later episode: upon being shown a gun for the first time, a character can't think of any word to describe it except "a thing" (owing to the setting's Fantasy Gun Control). However, later in the same episode, they call it "a cannon". This one could be justified if we remember that cannons do exist in the setting, they are just completely different from our ownnote .
- In the second season, Tenzin refers to the Avatar State as not being a "booster rocket". There's really no way the phrase could make sense in the setting.
- In the Penn Zero: Part-Time Hero episode "Brainzburgerz" Sashi uses the phrase Five-Finger Discount even though the show's characters have Four-Fingered Hands.
- Real life locations, such as Florida and Rancho Cucamonga, have been mentioned in Mixels, despite the fact it takes place on an entirely different planet than Earth. Gox also sarcastically refers to Snoof as "Einstein", even though there are no human traces in their planet.
- Steven Universe:
- The show takes place in an Alternate History and in a fictional U.S. state known as Delmarva, due to being set on the Delmarva Peninsula. This is despite said peninsula's name being a clipped compound of the three real states that actually occupy it: Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia.
- The show essentially ignores any language barrier between humans and gems, which can make some gem names rather strange to think about. For instance, Holly Blue Agate is named for a type of agate (though the real thing is spelled "Holley blue agate") which itself is named for the town in Oregon where it's found on a Earth—a town said character is much older than.
- Several The Disney Afternoon series such as DuckTales, TaleSpin, and Darkwing Duck are set in worlds occupied only by anthropomorphic animals with no humans note , yet characters still use words like "man," "woman," "men," and even "humanity" as often we do in our world. (Given how their worlds contain multiple sapient species, they would need one word to refer to all sapient life that doesn't refer to any one species.)
- As noted in the Reality Is Unrealistic page, some people like to claim that things set in the Soviet era where the characters exclaim "My God!" or the like are an example of this trope since a common stereotype for the Soviet Union is complete atheism. Even ignoring the fact that such terms would still linger as holdovers for a long time to come (and the fact that atheists are perfectly capable of using religious swears, even if they don't believe in them), there's also the fact that the USSR never became completely irreligious. Despite attempts at its inception to enforce atheism, the sheer cultural and political influence of the Russian Orthodox Church in general made it impossible to ever completely implement. Then Stalin reduced the anti-religious regulation to get the Russian Orthodox Church on his side in World War II. And though Khrushchev tried to re-implement said regulations, from the Brezhnev era onward they were again relaxed. A 1964 kids cartoon taking place in Soviet times has on old lady blessing the protagonist with a cross sign, and no one seems to have had any problems with it.
- Also, words can sometimes change their meaning over time, but remain unchanged in their form, appearing absurd and anachronistic in old texts. "Paging" was once the act of sending a page to fetch someone in a crowded room, for example, centuries before the invention of the internet. In post-feudal eras, the term 'paging' continued to be used to call for someone who may or may not be present in a room. The same use of the term to summon someone over an intercom has lasted from before pagers were invented to long after they've become obsolete.