Punch and Judy is a traditional puppet show, most familiar to British children as a seaside attraction. It is generally played by a single puppetmaster called a 'Professor', with two characters on the stage at any one time. These include Mr. Punch, a hunchbacked jester with a squawking voice and a big stick; his long-suffering wife, Judy; their baby; an unnamed ghost; Joey the clown; the policeman, and a sausage-loving crocodile (sometimes named Snap).As its history can be traced back to the 16th century, it makes all of the show's tropes Older Than Steam at least.
Hand Puppet: All of the characters, except the baby, though originally marionettes.
Ironic Echo: There's at least one rendition of the act where Punch ends up playing one trick too many on Snap the Crocodile, who promptly eats him (off-stage, of course) and returns repeating Mr Punch's "da-da-da" sound, culminating in a mock belch.
Karma Houdini: In many versions, Punch is a psychopath who kills his own baby by throwing it out of a window, beats his wife to death with a stick, kills several other characters whom he encounters and finally outwits the devil himself to get away completely scot free.
Refuge in Audacity: The entire show, especially the violence, is played as outrageous comedy.
Slapstick: The style of the show, even named after the type of stick Punch uses.
There was a TV short of an act that involved Punch playing dumb to try and get out of helping Judy put away some groceries because he wants something to eat. After Judy has put them all away herself, she finally asks what he wants — only to be told that he wanted the very things she put away. She then angrily beats him over the head with each (canned) item in question.
In the opening of The Muppet Christmas Carol, Scrooge passes by a Punch and Judy show. One of the lines in his theme is sung by the crocodile puppet before Mr. Punch hits him with his stick.
A scene from The Muppet Show in which Kermit and Miss Piggy watch a Punch and Judy show is featured in An American Werewolf in London. Kermit's defense of the show's violence is immediately followed by two incredibly brutal scenes of violence.
A reference appears in Riddley Walker, where it forms the main cultural legacy (along with the legend of St. Eustace) of our world and plays a huge part in the symbolism of the plot.
Neil Gaiman's short memoir-graphic novel with Dave McKean, The Tragical Comedy or Comical Tragedy of Mr Punch, uses motifs from the show throughout, as well as one of the characters being the performer of an actual Punch and Judy show.
The short story "Theatre of Cruelty" features a Punch-and-Judy show, only with enslaved gnomes instead of puppets. That's not the way to do it.
In Monstrous Regiment, Polly mentions having seen one or two of these in town. They were thrown out because Punch is seen using a stick on his wife that is bigger than the one Nuggan permits men to beat their wives with.
Wyrd Sisters has a scene where the playwright Hwel, after being hit by two inspirations simultaneously, attempts to write what is effectively Richard III as a Punch-and-Judy show.
Maskerade, discussing Granny Weatherwax's hatred of theatre, and resulting fascination with it, says that even the Punch-and-Judy men have stopped coming to Lancre out of terror of her glaring at them from the front row.
In The Magicians Of Caprona by Diana Wynne Jones, one of the characters is obsessed with Punch and Judy, and at one point the villain transforms the protagonists into puppets and forces them to perform the show.
The Anubis Gates by Tim Powers features a more-than-usually disturbing version, presented by a more-than-usually disturbing puppeteer.
Tony Hancock co-wrote and appeared in a film called The Punch and Judy Man which features a Punch and Judy performer whose troubled relationship with his wife reflects the relationship between Punch and Judy.
Real Life - if you've ever used the phrase "Pleased as Punch," it refers to Punch's habit of applauding when he has just committed some particularly violent deed.
Hi-de-Hi! features Mr Partridge, the perpetually drunk, child-hating Punch and Judy man.
The video game Dragon Quest VIII has a roaming monster named "Punchin' Judy" that fights the party with hand puppets.
Harrison Birtwistle's opera Punch and Judy is a very violent take on the dysfunctional family. Benjamin Britten walked out of it during the premiere.
In 102 Dalmatians, Chloe and her dogs meet up with Kevin, his dogs, and Waddlesworth the parrot to see one of these shows. Hilarity and disaster ensues when spotless Oddball sees the dog puppet wearing a spotted sweater and tries to get it, and then eventually getting tied up in a bunch of balloons floating while at it. After being rescued, the puppeteer gives her the sweater.
Rocko's Modern Life features a show-within-a-show called "Meet the Fatheads", which is pretty much Punch & Judy with 1990s gross-out humor applied. The husband and wife appear to be made of snot (or maybe just fat?) and spend most of the episodes belaboring each other about said heads with parking meters and having absurd arguments.