"In the world of Zootopia, humans never happened. Which makes Zootopia a modern civilized world that is entirely animal."A whole animal universe is man-made, with shops, houses, technology etc. except that animals take the place of people. In some works, all kinds of animals take the place of people; all animals are human surrogates and considered equals to each other. In other works, some animals or types of animals take the place of people while others are considered normal animals. Sometimes, only one species of animal is a human surrogate. There are no people in the setting, except maybe a Token Human or two. In some works where some animals or types of animals take the place of people and others are considered normal animals, there are both normal forms and human surrogate forms of one or more animal species. Can involve Partially Civilized Animals, Civilized Animals, Funny Animals, and/or Petting Zoo People. Compare Sliding Scale of Animal Cast. Compare and contrast Alternate Tooniverse, where animals (or other cartoons) and humans each have a separate world which people can cross between. Also compare and contrast Lions and Tigers and Humans... Oh, My!, where these types of characters co-exist with people. May result in Furry Confusion and/or Carnivore Confusion.
— Zootopia teaser trailer
open/close all folders
Anime And Manga
- Little Bit Beastly example: Dog Days
- The 1980s anime series Maple Town is filled with cute anthropomorphic animals
- The Kemono manga Mekko Rarekko, which features a cast of anthropomorphic canines.
- Unlike the games (where Sonic naturally lives on a planet alongside humans), it's shown in Sonic X that Sonic comes from a planet that lacks humans, with the exception being Eggman. Sonic and his friends however is stuck on Earth for almost all of the anime.
- Dreamkix is filled with animals and no humans are seen at all.
- I Killed Adolf Hitler is set in a world of Petting Zoo Persons. This includes Hitler.
- Petting Zoo Person example: Maus, though it's implied to be more of the author's imagination at work using different animals to represent different groups of people (the Jews are mice, the Germans are cats, the Polish are pigs, the French are frogs, the Americans are dogs, etc.).
- The Mickey Mouse Comic Universe and many of the comics in the Disney Ducks Comic Universe don't feature humans, unlike the Disney cartoons they're based on. They're rodent and duck centric.
- The world of Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew!, officially named "Earth-C" in the DC Comics multiverse system (post-Infinite Crisis, Earth-C was renamed "Earth-26"). Earth-C is designated as the world where most of DC's Golden and Silver Age funny-animal comics ("The Dodo and the Frog," "Peter Porkchops," etc.) take place.
- Duckworld, where Howard the Duck comes from, is populated solely by anthropomorphic ducks.
- Fritz the Cat and its film adaptations.
- Blacksad is one of the currently most famous examples in the European comic book world, starring mostly animals of all kinds with very human-like bodies.
- Grandville, is a about a badger police detective in a world which is mostly Petting Zoo People with a minor (servant) population of humans. The latter become more significant in the sequels, starting out as largely a background gag.
- Usagi Yojimbo, which takes place in Japan where every single animal except horses and lizards are anthropomorphized. Lord Hikiji on the other hand...
- Sonic the Comic takes place on a planet populated by anthropomorphic animals. Unlike Archie Comics' Sonic the Hedgehog, there are no humans naturally on Mobius and it is a separate planet from Earth.
- The cartoon world of Peter Porker, the Amazing Spider-Ham, is filled with a wide variety of cartoon animal superheroes and villains. Initially appearing in his own book and What The? in the 80s, we see further glimpses of it the the Web Warriors comic series.
Film - Animation
- Disney's Robin Hood has cast composed fully of anthropomorphized animals, except for Sir Hiss, and even he got a bit of anthropomorphization by having him slither around with his neck constantly elevated. It also managed to avoid having regular animals coexist with the anthropomorphic animals, particularly at the end of the film, where they actually don't even show who or what was pulling the carriage during the finale.
- Disney's Chicken Little is set in a world mostly inhabited by anthropomorphic farm animals who encounter non-animal aliens.
- Zootopia is set in a world where all mammals are sapient, and plays it up in the film's teaser trailer. The movie itself is a comprehensive deconstruction of the logistics and consequences of having dozens of different animal species living together.
- The Kung Fu Panda franchise takes place in a version of ancient China where the animal styles of kung fu are all performed by actual animals.
- Legend Of The Guardians The Owls Of Ga Hoole has a cast of Partially Civilized Animal owls. In the book and movie, owls do metalwork in forges, drink tea, and write and read books, but they basically look like normal owls and don't even have Feather Fingers. There's talk that suggests that humans used to exist, but are gone
- The storybook world from Rock-A-Doodle, although the protagonist is a human boy transformed into a cat.
- All of the Ice Age films do this with prehistoric mammals. Humans did appear in the first film, though.
- Surf's Up takes place in a world populated by anthropomorphic penguins.
- Rango is between this and Mouse World with animals found in the American Southwest like rodents and lizards. A bit of Furry Confusion and Animals Not to Scale results in a few scenes too.
- The Hungarian animated film Az Erdo Kapitanya takes place in a world like this, with a dog policeman chasing a cat criminal.
- Cat City takes place on "Planet X", which is very similar to Earth, but inhabited by anthropomorphic animals (mostly cats and mice, with the occasional rat and bat thrown in the mix) who border on Petting Zoo People.
- The Turkish animated film "Max Maceraları" and it's sequels is taken place in this setting which is set in the Middle Ages ruled by a king lion and queen.
- Rock Dog is set in a Petting Zoo People world circa The '80s with both American and Chinese influences (appropriately, since the film is an International Coproduction).
- The Busytown series created by Richard Scarry is filled with nothing but friendly humanized animals going through their daily lives. The series mostly stars a cat and a worm.
- The Berenstain Bears books and TV show, but with bears specifically.
- All of Kyell Gold's novels are primarily set in universes void of humans. Strangely though, anthropomorphism only applies to land-based mammals, and Lee from Out of Position mentioned that he once had a pet lizard.
- The Geronimo Stilton books and their Animated Adaptation do this with mice specifically.
- Ysengrimus is pretty much the book that spawned a whole genre by itself, including many other tales of Reynard the Fox. Not surprising, since the book uses anthropomorphic fable characters to make a satire about medieval times.
- The Redwall and both its Animated Adaptation and graphic novel one. A world of humanized animals living in a permanent medieval time period, it's half Sugarbowl, half world of war. Redwall mainly contains small woodland animals such as mice, hares, rats, and badgers however non-anthropomorphic looking (though still as sapient as the other characters) birds appear.
- Pick any book made by Rosemary Wells. Most of her children's books star an anthropomorphic animal character such as a raccoon, rabbit, or cat.
- Babar is a curious example, as it begins with normal animals (primarily elephants and rhinos) who then learn to walk and talk like humans.
- Ironclaw and Jadeclaw are Low Fantasy RPGs in a world where seemingly all mammals and birds are anthropomorphic. Calabria, the setting of Ironclaw, is divided between four major houses ruled by foxes, horses, boars, and wolves, but their vassals and subjects comprise dozens of other species.
- Hc Svnt Dracones is a Post-human Cyberpunk RPG where a Mega Corp. repopulated the solar system with genetically engineered human-animal hybrids called "Vectors" following a nuclear war. The few remaining humans either modified themselves into Vectors or died off.
- Every incarnation of My Little Pony after the original generation of toys lacks humans and its composed entirely of animals, mainly the titular ponies. Although with Equestria Girls there are now plenty of toys of the pony characters as humans (albeit with with very unnatural skintones).
- Sylvanian Families stars a group of anthropomorphic animals mostly on animals families like bunnies and cats.
- The Pokémon Mystery Dungeon series is a fictional case of this, taking place in a land where only Pokémon live. While they are aware of humans, they never really show up; with the exception of the human-turned-Pokémon protagonist, of course.
- Star Fox takes place in the Lylat System, which is populated entirely by all kinds of Petting Zoo People IN SPACE. The original team alone was composed by a fox, a rabbit, a bird, and a frog, with a monkey as the antagonist.
- Sly Cooper is a weird example. Although most of the casts consists of Petting Zoo People, both the second and third game contained feral bears, sharks, and wolves that didn't talk or wear clothes.
- Brutal: Paws of Fury is a fighting game with a cast of Petting Zoo People.
- The Animal Crossing series takes place on a village (and after the third game also a city) populated by a large variety of animals, with the player as the Token Human.
- Last Case: The Disappearance of Amanda Kane is set in a Film Noir world where the casts seems to be composed of clothed stags.
- Splatoon has a cast composed mostly by a large variety of aquatic animals, most of them anthropomorphized and with the shapeshifting squid-based Inklings as the main focus. One notable detail is that there's a grand total of one true mammal on the cast (Judd the cat); everyone else is, at best, a vertebrate fish, with the rest being non-vertebrates. This is a little unusual for this trope, especially since Splatoon doesn't take place underwater.
- Carrie's Order Up! is populated entirely by anthropomorphic sea creatures, from a crab waitress to an eel businessman.
- The characters of Aviary Attorney are all Petting Zoo People with animal heads, though in background art and such that involves crowds the crowds usually have human faces.
- Happy Tree Friends focuses on a group of young animals Speaking Simlish as they go on various adventures—and die in gruesome and/or horrific ways.
- True Tail combines this trope with High Fantasy. The heroes are six adventurers (a cat, a rabbit, a bear, a fox, a phoenix, and a half-dragon/half-sheep hybrid) fighting an evil sorcerer (a vulture) and his undead army.
- Ozy and Millie plays with this trope. The main characters are two fox children and their single parents, one of whom is a dragon. However, figures from actual history (such as several American presidents and John Lennon) are mentioned, although they're never shown.
- The titular characters in Kevin & Kell are a rabbit and a wolf who are Happily Married, which is a big deal on their world since predator species are allowed to eat prey species.
- Wurr: No humans at all. All talking animals seem to fall within one of three species (or subspecies) of civilized—albeit still quadrupedal—dog.
- Cucumber Quest: Petting Zoo People. All characters are rabbits, with the occasional cat.
- Commander Kitty has an entire galaxy of Funny Animals, complete with planets named for different species.
- Downplayed in Precocious, in which only cats and dogs are civilized.
- Tasakeru, much like the Zootopia example, takes place in a world where humans never happened... though it's a much darker and edgier take on the concept.
- The Pirates Covered in Fur is a story filled with anthropomorphic animals and no humans in sight. The only exception is the giant robot dragon, which doesn't speak and acts feral.
- Neopets was made into one of these a few years after its founding, with the title pets serving as the stand-in for humans, so the Petpets serve as stand-ins for animals.
- The music video for Lone Digger by Caravan Palace is about a bar fight between a bunch of anthropomorphic animals.
- Also, the music video for Kangaroo Court by Capital Cities is about a zebra is sentenced to prison.
- Petting Zoo Person example: Arthur takes place in a world populated by animals such as bears, aardvarks, and cats. In fact, it is lampshaded when Arthur and his friends are watching a self-parody of the cartoon. The original books took place in a Lions and Tigers and Humans... Oh, My! environment however eventually the Token Human Tibble twins were retconned into bears.
- Many of the Classic Disney Shorts featuring Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck and Goofy. Everyone is an animal, humanized or not.
- Several The Disney Afternoon series, such as DuckTales and Darkwing Duck, TaleSpin, and Goof Troop. Same as the Classic Disney Shorts, all of them are animals. Quack Pack on the other hand eventually fell within the Lions and Tigers and Humans... Oh, My! category.
- Spongebob Squarepants combines this with Mouse World to create a setting primarily populated by fish and other marine animals.
- The Backyardigans stars a group of Funny Animal children consisting of a penguin, moose, hippo, kangaroo, and a Cartoon Creature that resembles an insect.
- T.U.F.F. Puppy's main characters are a Female Feline, Male Mutt duo who are heroic spies. Their boss is a flea, and all the other characters are various species.
- CatDog is primarily cats and dogs, but other kinds of animals are seen prominently, then there's also the occasional Cartoon Creature like Mr. Sunshine.
- Max and Ruby (second TV series based on books by Rosemary Wells) takes place in a world populated by rabbits. Unusually, Ruby's toys are clearly human dolls.
- Angelina Ballerina, both the Civilized Animal/Funny Animal world in books and the original version of the show, and the newer Petting Zoo Person world in the CGI version.
- Civilized Animal example: Franklin. The protagonist is an anthropomorphic turtle and two of his best friends are a bear cub and fox kit.
- Justified in the Saturday Night Live "Bear City" segments. A meteor crashed to earth, and the inhabitants of the town went underground in order to escape its effect. One of the unrealized effects was to make bears start acting like people (but they couldn't talk), taking the places of people in that society.
- The Bremen Avenue Experience is a Setting Update of The Bremen Town Musicians, and its characters (a donkey, a dog, a cat and a rooster) are based on the animals from the original tale.
- The main setting of Spliced, Keep Away Island, is this with Mix-and-Match Critters, but humans are presumed to exist in the rest of the world, as most of the characters were created by one.
- Rare plant example: VeggieTales, where all of the characters are either talking fruit or vegetables.
- Rocko's Modern Life, and from the same creator, Camp Lazlo are both almost entirely this. A few Cartoon Creatures and Animate Inanimate Objects have appeared in both shows though.
- WordWorld, where all of the inhabitants are animals shaped like their names.
- Super Secret Secret Squirrel has an all-animal cast, unlike the original Secret Squirrel series, which took place in a Lions and Tigers and Humans... Oh, My! world.
- SWAT Kats is set on an all-cat world.
- David Copperfield (1993) is an Anthropomorphic Animal Adaptation of the original novel.
- Played for Drama with Petting Zoo People in Thundercats 2011. In the words of the Cats' King Claudus, Third Earth is "...a world of warring animals" and his empire of Thundera is both the great civilizer and the only species strong enough to keep the peace, through Animal Jingoism crossed with Fantastic Racism. (His rivals the Lizards have different ideas.) Apart from a small enclave of Lilliputian Plant People, Third Earth is presented matter-of-factly as being this, until protagonist Lion-O's arrival in the series' first real Adventure Town introduces us to droves and droves of, not humans but aliens...oh my!
- Every incarnation of My Little Pony from My Little Pony Tales on takes place in a world without humans, except for the Equestria Girls films.
- Out There takes place in a world of Cartoon Creatures.
- Sheriff Callie's Wild West is a Western Series for pre-schoolers. Most of its characters are animals, but one of Sheriff Callie's deputies is an anthropomorphic cactus.
- Skunk Fu! takes place in a version of ancient China where the animal styles of kung fu are all performed by actual animals. Sound familiar?
- Timothy Goes to School, the first TV series based on books by Rosemary Wells is an example. There are no humans whatsoever and the main character is a raccoon. Other animal types include cats, mice and bulldogs. They behave almost entirely like humans, with only a very rare Furry Reminder.
- Toot & Puddle is definitely a more unusual example. The entire cast is animals, however, they fall at various stages along the map. Toot, Puddle and the other talking pig characters are pretty much Funny Animals and many of the other characters are too. However, Toot & Puddle live with a bird named Tulip who is generally shaped like a bird and can fly, but can still talk and is completely sentient. Certain animals, such as elephants or cows, tend to be drawn more animal-like and may sometimes perform their animal functions, such an elephant who gives rides around India. However, the elephant still gets paid for doing this job and has her own life off-duty.
- Fantomcat lived in a world like this. He was a cat; his True Companions, his enemies, and the civilians they protected were all various species of animal.
- Tonko House's animated short The Dam Keeper is set in a world populated by Funny Animals containing no dialogue from the characters.
- The Russian series Nu, Pogodi! has an entire cast of anthropomorphic animals.
- The main characters of Kipper are anthropomorphic dogs and pigs. There never any humans seen and nothing to indicate any exist within that world.
- Count Duckula is about a world of anthropomorphic birds.
- Zigzagged in The Raccoons: At first the episodes started and finished with a human ranger and his children having a parallel Aesop and living near the characters and all the sentient animals were suppose to coexist secretly with humans (showing even normal non-anthropomorphic animals as the rule). After the second season the writers dropped completely the human characters and the world become a planet of Civilized Animals.