Kaffee: I want the truth!
Jessup: You can't handle the truth!note
A 1989 play made into a 1992 movie directed by Rob Reiner, written by Aaron Sorkin and starring Tom Cruise, Jack Nicholson and Demi Moore. A Few Good Men is a military-themed courtroom drama in which young lawyer Daniel Kaffee (Cruise) defends two Marines accused of murder, who say they were acting under orders from Col. Nathan Jessup (Nicholson).
You Can't Handle the Parody is based on Jessup's rant at the end of the film.
NBC will broadcast a live performance of the play in 2019. No other details are currently known.
You want examples?! You can't handle the tropes!
- Actually Pretty Funny: When Kaffee turns Ross' own cross-examination of one of the Marines against him - Ross points out "Code Reds" aren't in either the Marine handbook nor the handbook about operating on Gitmo, and Kaffee shows that mess halls aren't in the latter either, which doesn't mean Gitmo doesn't have one - Ross is seen smiling and chuckling. He also chuckles at the end when Kaffee reveals the two airmen whom Kaffee brought in to testify that Jessup forged the log books actually had no information whatsoever.
- Ambiguous Situation: It's never made explicitly clear whether Dawson's fence-line shooting was illegal or not. Dawson tells Kaffee that a Cuban soldier engaged and he was simply returning fire. Santiago claims in his letter that it was illegal, though he may have been lying about it just so he could get a transfer. Dawson is never charged with anything because, as the NIS agent says during the trial, the only evidence that could support the shooting being illegal would be testimony from Santiago and his death prevented the agent from questioning him.
- Anachronic Order: Col. Jessup's meeting with his officers about Santiago is depicted after the start of the film.
- Armor-Piercing Question:Kaffee: DID YOU ORDER THE CODE RED?!Col. Jessup: YOU'RE GODDAMN RIGHT I DID!
Jessup: We follow orders, son. We follow orders or people die. It's that simple. Are we clear?
- The real question that completely shatters Col. Jessup is the one before this exchange. Jessup had kept his cool, arrogantly stating that his orders have always been followed and that he did not order the Code Red. Kaffee seizes on the Logic Bomb:
Kaffee: Yes, sir.
Jessup: Are we clear?!
Kaffee: Crystal. Colonel, I just have one more question before I call Airman O'Malley and Airman Rodriguez. If you gave an order that Santiago wasn't to be touched, and your orders are always followed... then why would Santiago be in danger? Why would it be necessary to transfer him off the base?
- Artistic License Military:
- Kendrick's admission, while under oath and in court, that he ordered a Marine be confined to barracks for seven days and given only water and vitamin supplements for that entire time would have instantly resulted in him being arrested on the spot and facing charges himself. Any such punishments are completely against the Uniform Code of Military Justice and there's no way such an admission would be completely ignored by the Judge. "Food and water" punishments were still on the books at the time of both play and movie (they were banned in 1995), but were typically limited to Navy ships where other disciplines would have lesser effect. Even then, such punishments were limited to three days in duration and under strict supervision of corpsmen and medical personnel.
- Similarly the jeep driver's assertion that the Cubans "might want to take a shot" at a Navy officer wearing white. Doing so unprovoked would be an unambiguous act of war. Whatever one might say about the Castro regime, it's safe to say that starting a war with the US is not high on its list of goals (especially after the fall of the Soviet Union, which happened during filming).
- Combined with Hollywood Law, as there is no charge in the UCMJ of "conduct unbecoming a Marine." There is "conduct unbecoming an officer," but Dawson and Downey are enlisted personnel. The closest charges that would apply to them would be Article 93, "cruelty and maltreatment," or Article 134, "general article," which covers charges that are otherwise not codified in their own Articles.
- The subplot of Jessup arranging for the deletion of all records of a flight that could have taken Santiago off the base before he was murdered is complete and total nonsense. Bottom line, he's just a Colonel with a limited amount of authority and trying to have tower records altered is something that would land him in more hot water than he could imagine. In addition, it was an Air Force flight, and in order to completely "erase" the flight, then the cargo manifest, list of passengers, flight plan, radio transmissions, fuel consumed, and the tower records for the Air Force base that the flight originated from, would all have to be erased. Isn't going to happen. There is some low-level muttering about the Marine brass covering for Jessup because he is on the fast track from promotion, but there's no way anyone would stick their neck out for him to that extent. Hell, just the act of contacting the Air Force base to try to have the tower records altered would trigger so many red flags and fireworks that he would be relieved of command and facing charges before the day was out.
- The film tries to Hand Wave this by saying Jessup is about to be appointed to the National Security Council (most likely as either Chairman of the Joint Chiefs or the Director of National Intelligence) and thus he has enough political capital to be able to pull the necessary strings to make the records of the flight vanish. However this is actually averted in the original play; Jessup is able to cover up the flight taking off (which as the commander of the base, is at least slightly plausible) but not the flight landing, and Kaffee is able to obtain the logs of the latter through Markinson.
- Asshole Victim: It's implied Santiago tried to sell Dawson out for a transfer even though Dawson was his only ally.
- Ate His Gun: Markinson's alternative to testifying against Jessup because he feels that the failed to act sooner and refuses to betray his commander.
- Awful Truth: Jessup's rant at the end are about why he admits his actions might disgust people, but he feels they are necessary to protect the nation.
- Ax-Crazy: Colonel Jessup. He doesn't flinch from the deaths of Santiago or Markinson and after his Villainous Breakdown lunges screaming at Kaffee.
- Backhanded Compliment:Kaffee: Jon - Can I call you Jon?
Kendrick: No, you may not.
Kaffee: Have I done something to offend you?
Kendrick: No, I like all you Navy boys. Every time we have to go somewhere to fight, you give us a ride.
- Badass Boast:Col. Jessup: "You want to investigate me, roll the dice and take your chances. I eat breakfast 300 yards from 4,000 Cubans who are trained to kill me, so don't think for one second that you can come down here, flash your badge, and make me nervous."
- His "you can't handle the truth!" speech is essentially him making one of these about how the armed forces (and especially him) are a Necessary Evil. It backfires — doubly so on the play — because it paints him further as a "my way or the highway, and to hell with all other laws set by man and God" tyrant to everybody else in the courtroom.
- Badass Bookworm: Danny Kaffee and Jack Ross both qualify.
- Bait-and-Switch Comment: As Galloway and Weinberg are leaving Kaffee's apartment the night before the trial starts:Galloway: Kaffee, I—
Kaffee: I know what you're going to say. You don't have to. We've had our differences. I said some things I didn't mean, you said some things you didn't mean, but you're happy I stuck with the case. And if you've gained a certain respect for me over the last three weeks...well, of course, I'm happy about that. But we don't have to make a whole big deal out of that. You like me? I won't make you say it.
Galloway: I was just going to tell you to wear matching socks tomorrow.
Kaffee: (Beat) Okay! Good tip.
- Batman Gambit: Kaffee uses Obfuscating Stupidity quite a bit on the Marines to either box them up or get their reactions. Unfortunately, Galloway clearly doesn't understand what he's doing and tips Kaffee's hand during the lunch with Jessup, clearly frustrating Kaffee.
- This also plays into the final scene at court, where Kaffee uses Jessup's hard-nosed reputation against him to set him up for the Armor-Piercing Question.
- Berserk Button: Kaffee is fine when Ross tells him he was bullied into taking the case to trial (Ross even admits he practically dared Kaffee to do so), but gets very upset when Ross claims the memory of Kaffee's father (a renowned trial lawyer) also did the trick.Kaffee: You're a lousy fucking softball player, Jack!
- Big Bad: Col. Nathan Jessup.
- Bittersweet Ending: The Marines get cleared of their charges of murder but not of "conduct unbecoming of a Marine" and are to be dishonorably discharged following the trial. On the other hand, the right man who ordered the attack has been arrested, Kaffee has become respected and learned to take his job seriously, and the Marines accept that they deserve their punishment.
- Black and Gray Morality: Jessup and Kendrick are certainly the villains here, issuing illegal orders and then denying involvement when things went awry. But Dawson and Downey both display practically no remorse over killing a fellow Marine (accident or not, they entered his cabin with intent to hurt and humiliate), sticking to their belief they did nothing wrong because they were following orders against a known screwup. In the end, they do receive just punishment (a dishonorable discharge) and Dawson realizes it's fair, even if Downey probably would have gone to his grave thinking he was in the right if Dawson didn't spell it out for him. Even Santiago, though put in a difficult situation, was willing to rat on a fellow marine, the one who wouldn't allow the others to harass him no less, for his own benefit, and may have been knowingly lying about the nature of Dawson's fence shooting in order to get transferred out. None of the three parties come out looking all that great.
- Bluffing the Murderer: Kaffee brings in a pair of Surprise Witnesses to help pressure Jessup at the end. They don't have any actual information.
- Brick Joke:Lt. Weinberg: "Cmdr. Galloway, Lt. Kaffee is considered to be the best litigator in our office. He successfully plea bargained 44 cases in 9 months."Kaffee: "One more and I get a set of steak knives."Later on when it looks like the case is slipping away from them:Galloway: "I'm sorry I cost you the steak knives."
- Also: "I got some oregano, I hear that helps."
- "So this is what the inside of a courtroom looks like."
- Brilliant, but Lazy: Kaffee is a brilliant attorney with a fantastic mind and charisma, and natural oratory skill that would give William Jennings Bryan pause. But he'd much rather practice getting his softball swing perfect. Part of it is that he's just riding out his contractual commitment to the Navy until he can get a job in the civilian world.
- Bunny-Ears Lawyer: Kaffee, while legitimately undisciplined and a little lazy for a military man, is incredibly able to pick up on the smallest irregularities throughout the film to indicate something is off about the whole case, eventually uncovering the whole plot.
Kaffee: "Why does a Lieutenant Junior Grade with nine months' experience and a track record for plea bargaining get assigned to a murder case? Would it be so it never sees the inside of a courtroom?"
- Including the fact the case was assigned to him.
- He is also shown to be very good at plea bargaining, which is not an insignificant skill for a lawyer - he still needs to get the best deal for his client, while satisfying the prosecutornote .
- The Cameo: Christopher Guest, who'd starred in two of Reiner's previous films note , plays a doctor on the stand.
- Church Militant / Gung Holier Than Thou: Kendrick is this in spades.Kendrick: "I have two books at my bedside, Lieutenant: the Marine Corps Code of Conduct and the King James Bible. The only proper authorities I am aware of are my commanding officer, Colonel Nathan R. Jessup, and the Lord our God."
- Clear Their Name: What Kaffee must do for Dawson and Downey.
- Cliché Storm: Invoked; Kaffee has a throwaway conversation with the local newsstand vendor involving each of them trying to wryly out-cliché the other.
- Co-Dragons: Markinson is Jessup's Only Sane Man counsel while Kendrick is his attack dog.
- Colonel Kilgore: Being a man who eats breakfast three hundred yards away from men who are trained to kill him, Colonel Jessup feels that he is fighting a war all the time to protect America and will not have his methods questioned, no matter how disgusting or illegal.
- Court-Martialed: The entire premise of the movie.
- Danger Takes A Back Seat: Lt Col Markinson (the highly creepy J.T. Walsh) does this to Kaffee.
- Deadpan Snarker: This is a Sorkin film so this is expected. Even in a cast full of snark, Kaffee reigns supreme.
- Death Glare: Kaffee gives the doctor one as he finishes his examination after all but outright blaming him for being negligent in assessing Santiago's well-being and physical incapacity as a Marine.
- Dirty Coward:
- Jessup, who despite his claims of toughness, was willing to throw two Marines under a bus to protect himself.
- Markinson believes so strongly that Jessup will do anything to win the case and has connections powerful enough to do so (even if it doesn't makes sense—see Artistic License Military above) that he goes on the lam, provides his info to Kaffee Deep Throat-style, prefers to blow his brains out rather than testify when the latter subpoenas him, and his suicide note (to Santiago's mother) literally reads "the only truth that you need to know is that I was too weak-willed to prevent your kid's death".
- The Ditz: Downey is very, very, very dim, to the point that he needs Dawson's lead. It's even lampshaded at one point when Jo warns Kaffee that, even if they have rehearsed the night before, he must remember to ask Downey's questions in the simplest words possible (and when Ross' cross-interrogation blind-sides them with an up-to-then unknown detail, Downey spends a long time asking Dawson what to do (and then answers when Dawson orders him to) rather than answer on his own initiative). Furthermore, on the moment of being sentenced, he also needs to have it explained that, yes, they did commit a crime regardless and deserve a dishonorable discharge.
- Don't Call Me "Sir": Kaffee says this to Downey but he's too by-the-book to listen/obey. When Downey eventually does, it's a sign that he's lost any respect for Kaffee as an officer. And then finally a sign that Kaffee has earned it back at the very end.
- Dressing to Die: Lt. Col. Markinson donned his full dress Marine uniform before he Ate His Gun.
- Drowning My Sorrows: After Markinson commits suicide, Kaffee suffers a Heroic BSoD and gets drunk.
- The End: Used straight, in a fairly rare example for a film made in the 1990s. Rob Reiner says on the DVD commentary that it felt right, with the story being a sort of old-fashioned morality play.
- Establishing Character Moment: Done early, and it sets the stage for the critical plot point later. While discussing Santiago, transferring him off the base to just get rid of the problem comes up. This clearly pisses off Jessup, who starts saying they should just transfer everyone, shut down the base, and withdraw from Cuba completely. Taking it up a notch, he calls for one of the Marines in the outer office to come in and starts telling him to call the President and inform him that he's shutting the base down and sending everyone home. While is voice is dripping with sarcasm, the important part of the scene is that the Marine he is addressing does not bat an eye and turns around when Jessup is done, fully prepared to go call the President. Jessup has to stop him and specifically tell him not to call the President before he can let him leave the room. Bottom line, Jessup's orders are always obeyed. As everyone knows, this fact comes back to bite him in the ass hard.
- A more plausible alternative explanation, however, is that it was not the first time when impulsive Jessup sarcastically gave insane orders, so the subordinate just knew that the reverse order would be incoming in a few seconds and didn't actually intend to call anyone in the first place. If you look at Markinson's reaction, you can tell that he knew that his cause was entirely lost the second Jessup began to give the order.
- Eureka Moment: Kaffee retrieves his baseball bat from his closet and has an epiphany.Sam: He does think better with his bat.
- Downplayed in that said epiphany is not the game-changer in itself - it just leads Kaffee's thought in the right direction ("how can I make my allegation that there was no transfer order plausible?") and then prepares the ground for the following Indy Ploy to save the day.
- Even Evil Has Loved Ones: See Pet the Dog below.
- Evil Cannot Comprehend Good: When the member of the court exits the coutroom after Jessup confesses, his reaction is not anger or denial, but confusion at something that strikes him as ridiculous, asking "Colonel, what the hell is this? I did my job and I'd do it again" with the bored irritation as if someone just stole one of his french fries at lunchtime.
- Face Death with Dignity: Markinson is in full dress uniform before shooting himself.
- Fatal Family Photo: Subverted. We see Sam taking a walk in the park with his baby daughter, and the whole business seemed shady. Then nothing happened.
- Fatal Flaw:
- With Jessup, it's the fact that he's a Gung Holier Than Thou hard-ass that doesn't tolerates his orders being questioned in any way, shape or form nor anybody else in the military performing in a way he thinks is poorly (even if justified because of such reasons like bad health or being a woman). He's so arrogant that when Kaffee asks him if he ordered the code red, Judge Randolph tells him he doesn't have to answer the question... and Jessup answers it anyway because he's that proud of what he did.
- With Markinson, it's his Undying Loyalty to Jessup even in the face of a crime that he acknowledges is going too far (and so when he's confronted with having to testify, and thus betray Jessup, he decides to take the coward's way out and puts the blame on his lack of willpower to prevent it on his letter to Santiago's mother).
- With Dawson it's his own Gung Holier Than Thou attitude that makes him refuse an easy (well, easier) way out of the mess he and Downey are in because he sees it as dishonorable (he was Just Following Orders, so it couldn't have been that illegal, right?).
- With Downey it's his stupidity, which makes him follow orders unhesitatingly (and, furthermore, apparently doesn't seem to have much in the way of common sense).
- With Jo it's her Knight Templar tendencies (that made her refuse any and all plea options and go straight to court, which could have gotten Dawson and Downey executed or imprisoned for life and may have gotten Kaffee a black mark on his file, be expelled from the Navy or worse if his Courtroom Antics hadn't worked) and desire to catch those actually responsible for Santiago's death and other misconducts on Gitmo (namely Jessup), even if that is not the actual objective of her assignment and she's embarrassingly wet behind the ears as a JAG attorney (doubly so as a Lieutenant Commander, a grade which requires at least 12 years in the service to reach).
- Faux Affably Evil: Jessup is polite and charming when he wants to be, which only makes his volatile personality and complete willingness to sacrifice people for his own gain more terrifying.
- The Film of the Play: A film adapted from a play by its screenwriter Aaron Sorkin, a play that was first produced on Broadway by David Brown in 1989.
- Foreshadowing: Markinson criticises Kendrick over his handling of "the Curtis Bell incident" in the first meeting the pair have with Jessup about Santiago. This incident forms the basis of Kaffee's questioning of Kendrick in the courtroom, and is revealed to have been a Code Red.
- Friendly Enemy: Prosecutor Jack Ross. He and Kaffee are friends outside the courtroom, and Ross even privately believes the two Marines shouldn't be jailed, but in his own words:Ross: I represent the United States Government without passion or prejudice. And my client has a case.
- Contrasted by Kaffee's friend and co-counsel, Lt. Weinberg, who is personally disgusted by his clients' actions regardless of whether they were following orders or not.
- General Ripper: Colonel Jessup towards the Cubans whose island his base is on. He essentially can't accept that the Cold War is over (and that the Cuban government isn't stupid enough to try and restart it) and is constantly on guard as if he was stationed in the Korean DMZ. This mentality combined with his Gung Holier Than Thou attitude is shown to filter down to the troops.
- Ham-to-Ham Combat: The famous climactic scene between Kaffee and Jessup. Even Jack Ross gets in on the action.Ross: Dammit, Kaffee!
- He-Man Woman Hater: Jessup is a sexist, in addition to all of his other winning qualities.
- Heroic BSoD: Kaffee goes out and gets rip-roaring drunk after his star witness kills himself.
- He's Back: "I got my second wind."
- Heel Realization: Dawson realizes that they deserve dishonorable discharges for "conduct unbecoming of a Marine" at the end. He even takes the time to explain it to the amazingly slow-witted Downey.Downey: What did we do wrong? We did nothing wrong.Dawson: Yeah, we did. We were supposed to fight for the people who couldn't fight for themselves. We were supposed to fight for Willie.
- Hiding Behind Religion: Lieutenant Kendrick claims being Christian in his testimony, but simultaneously exposes his absolute absence of compassion.
- Highly Conspicuous Uniform: Zig Zagged. Weinberg tells Kaffee to wear his white dress uniform when they go to Guantanamo Bay because of how hot it is in Cuba. When they arrive, Galloway is wearing a khaki work uniform. The Marine private that drives the trio from the airfield suggests that Kaffee and Weinberg put on a pair of camouflage jackets he keeps in his jeep, reasoning that, "if the Cubans see an officer wearing white, they might think it's something they want to take a shot at."Kaffee: Good call, Sam.
- Hoist by Their Own Petard: Jessup ends up being his own worst enemy.
- Hollywood Law: In real life, the prosecution would never be able to get to a jury with a murder charge. The victim, PFC Santiago, died after the two defendants tied him up and gagged him. The prosecution alleges that there was poison on the gag, and that that is what killed him. The problem is that the prosecution offers no real evidence for the existence of the poison. Ross puts a doctor on the stand who testifies that Santiago died of lactic acidosis, which could have been caused by poison, but who acknowledges on cross that the lactic acidosis could also have resulted if Santiago had had an undiagnosed heart condition, and that there was no trace of poison found on the gag. In other words, the only evidence for the theory that he died from being poisoned is the fact that he died; that would work if and only if the only reasonable explanation for his death is poison, but the moment the defense points out another reasonable possible explanation, the poison is pure speculation. At the close of the prosecution's case in chief, no reasonable jury could have concluded beyond a reasonable doubt that there was poison on the gag. Since no one would reasonably anticipate that a healthy young Marine would have died just from being tied up and gagged, no one could possibly have intended that outcome, unless the gag was poisoned. Intent to kill is an element of a murder charge, meaning that without that intent, the jury cannot convict. In fact, the prosecution could not even make out a case for voluntary manslaughter. Long story short, no poison, no murder, and the prosecution offers no real evidence for the existence of the poison. The judge should have dismissed the murder charges at the end of the prosecution's case. It's not very dramatic to have the top count of the indictment dismissed without ever getting to a jury, however, so the movie does not do that.
- Related to that, there is Jo's infamous "I strenuously object" scene, which she justifies by saying that she got their objection to the doctor's testimony noted for the record. Objections are always noted for the record. Everything (with certain particular exceptions) said in the trial is supposed to be noted for the record; that's what the record is for. It has been long established by then that Jo's understanding of the law is limited, which is why she works in Internal Affairs in the first place. Indeed, from the very beginning Jo looks down on Kaffee because he resolves all of his cases with plea bargains, while she is so opposed to plea bargaining that as a trial lawyer, she only resolved three cases in two years. In real life, Jo would be considered too inefficient to be employable as a lawyer and too many lawyers like her would cause the justice system to collapse. Plea bargains don't make for compelling stories, trials make for better drama so Hollywood writers love them. In the movie, it is made to appear that Jo showed Kaffee the true meaning of justice by getting him to do a trial, but she's actually looking down on him for being good at his job, while she is not.
- As well, witnesses in real life are rarely if ever allowed in the courtroom during the proceedings, for the precise reason that Kaffee puts them there: their presence, if noted, may alter another witness's testimony, and they may hear testimony that alters their own.
- Honor Before Reason: Why Dawson refuses the plea bargain. The proposed deal would have saved them from prison, but a dishonorable discharge essentially negates everything they'd done in the Corps.
- Possibly justified also in that a dishonorable discharge is going to make it very hard to make a living in the civilian world as employers are going to be very wary to hire someone with a dishonorable discharge especially for manslaughter. He ultimately gets it, anyway.
- Hypocrite: For all of his talk about how Marines never disobey orders, Jessup thinks nothing of ignoring the orders of his own superiors because he thinks he knows better. For all of his talk about loyalty, he is more than willing to throw two of his men under the bus to save his own hide.
- Dawson thinks little of Kaffee because he views him as weak and a coward. Yet Dawson evidently had little problem with essentially tormenting a weaker marine simply because he was ordered to do so, which inadvertently got that marine killed. Real strength and courage there, ace.
- Improperly Placed Firearms: Lt. Colonel Markinson commits suicide with a nickel-plated Beretta 92SB. While this is a fairly common standin for the M9 variant of the Beretta 92 and is only really visually distinguishable by the rounder trigger guard, later on in court, it's mentioned that Markinson used a .45. This is probably due to the original play being written in the late eighties, only a few years after the M1911A1 was replaced. It was probably originally supposed to be this, but the script was probably never updated.
- Indy Ploy: Ultimately, all the false transfers, doctored logs, and witness testimonies mean nothing in regards to proving the case. Kaffee's last minute hail mary to Jessup's ego saves the day.
- I Never Said It Was Poison: When Kaffee and Ross first meet about a plea bargain, Ross offers up a deal when Kaffee brings up Code Reds, but makes a point of telling him that Kendrick had met with all the Marines of the company right before Santiago was killed, and ordered them not to touch Santiago. When Kaffee tells Weinberg about this later, he realizes he never even brought up Kendrick, and that's the first time he realizes there's more to the case than he originally thought.
- Interservice Rivalry: The good guys are all Navy while the villains are Marines. The good guys see the Marines as Knight Templar fanatics who will endanger their own men's lives for the sake of reputation while the villains see their Navy counterpoints as weak and have no concept of what it truly takes to keep the country safe. Somewhat qualified by Ross, who's friends with Kaffee and is at worst a Punch-Clock Villain, as well as the likable Corporal Barnes, who offers the visiting Navy officers friendly advice on how not to get shot.
- It's All About Me: Jessup has this in spades. He has no remorse for ordering a weak marine killed and only becomes angry when his validity as a soldier is questioned or his orders disobeyed.
- I Won't Say I'm Guilty: Dawson's position on the Code Red—yes, he did it, but since his commander ordered him to do it, he won't allow himself to plead. Unusually for this trope, Dawson changes his mind at the end. Having been acquitted for the major crimes, he accepts a dishonorable discharge for "conduct unbecoming a Marine," admitting that he should have stood up for Santiago. This is is partially foreshadowed when he refuses to plea bargain:"If a court decides that what we did was wrong, I'll accept whatever punishment they give..."
- Col Jessup. Aside from being the villain, he's also a colossal jerk to his underlings.
- Also Kendrick. He's equally unpleasant to Kaffee and Galloway and becomes equally incensed when his authority is remotely questioned. Even Jessup refers to him as a "weasel".
- Jerkass Has a Point:
- Kendrick says Santiago is dead because "he had no code, he had no honor, and God was watching." Kendrick is a jerk, but Dawson was the one person who stopped the other marines from beating up Santiago, and Santiago tried to get a transfer in exchange for testimony against Dawson for an illegal shooting Dawson may not even have committed.
- Jessup is right that, as tragic and undeserving as Santiago's death was, Santiago was a substandard Marine and his incompetence was a burden to his unit.
- Just Following Orders: Kaffee proposes using this as the basis for his court defense of Downey and Dawson: they were ordered by superior officers to discipline Santiago, and their "Code Red" just got out of hand. Weinberg retorts that that line of defense didn't work at Nuremberg and it didn't work at My Lai and it's not going to work now. Kaffee fires back that the difference with the Marines is that they were just carrying out a routine order they didn't think would result in any physical harm. But of course, Code Reds are illegal, regardless of what harm might ensue, so their clients should properly have refused the order. Kaffee ultimately gets them acquitted of the most serious charges largely by tricking their CO into admitting on the stand that he had given said illegal orders.
- Knight Templar: Colonel Jessup. He reiterates several times throughout the movie the phrase "We're in the business of saving lives," indicating that he truly believes he's doing the right thing. The view in his courtroom speech might be a reasonable statement of the unique role of the military in protecting a free society and the compromises that come with that. When that turned into ordering assaults on his own men and covering it up...
- Jo has shades of this as well. She is so hell bent on exposing the abusive practices at Guantanamo Bay that when Jack Ross offers a plea to involuntary manslaughter (which the defendants are actually guilty of) she immediately rejects it and insists on going to trial, risking her clients getting the death penalty. This is another example of Hollywood Law, in real life, rejecting a plea bargain without consulting the client would get an attorney disbarred.
- Laser-Guided Karma: Jessup getting charged with Santiago's death after trying to pin it on Dawson and Downey.
- Lying to the Perp: See Bluffing the Murderer.
- Manchild: Jessup is remarkably childish for a full bird colonel in the United States Marine Corps. Not only is he a He-Man Woman Hater, a Narcissist, and an imperious, contemptuous asshole in just casual conversation, he also seems to actively undermine his superior officers out of sheer egotism and acts more like an arrogant, callous, power-mad, self-absorbed, self-important school-yard bully than an actual commanding officer. Becomes most painfully obvious during his Villainous Breakdown at the end of the film, where he actually to tries to physically assault Kaffee in a courtroom filled with people the moment it sinks in that for once things aren't going to go his way.
- Mass "Oh, Crap!": When Jessup confesses, the whole courtroom goes dead silent. Galloway looks like she's seen a ghost, Jack Ross looks like he's about to cry, and Kaffee's expression is a mixture of "I cannot believe that actually worked" and "you guys all saw that too, right?"
- Mildly Military:
- Kaffee is chronically tardy, doesn't want Dawson to call him "sir," and plays softball while his clients are sitting in jail. Galloway calls him on it several times, and the Marines can barely contain their disgust.
- Also, one marine salutes Kaffee near the end of the movie. Indoors. And without any headgear. This one is forgivable, however. Indoor salutes are done during ceremonies and certain other occasions.
- Really, the entire movie, at least to people who have actually served in the military (especially the Marines). Uniforms are sloppily maintained, Marines in the movie often keep their hands in their pockets (a major no-no in the real Marine Corps), and nobody maintains bearing or decorum anywhere. Not to mention, as a naval base, the base commander of Guantanamo is always a navy officer; the Marine company on Guantanamo is primarily for base security and ceremonial duties.
- Miranda Rights: Ross recites these after Jessup confesses on the stand.
- Mistaken Age: Kaffee, to Aunt Ginny. Aunt Ginny, to Kaffee.
- Mistreatment-Induced Betrayal: Possibly on Dawson's end, as he was the only guy who protected Santiago from the wrath of their fellow marines only for Santiago to try to sell him down the river for an incident that was implied to have not even been Dawson's fault just so he could get his transfer out of Guantanamo. It certainly adds a whole new layer to why Dawson doesn't seem all that contrite, and it's certainly hard to blame him.
- Mood Whiplash: After Jack tells Kaffee he was bullied into the courtroom by the memory of his dead father, Kaffee responds by shouting the mildly hilarious, "YOU'RE A LOUSY FUCKING SOFTBALL PLAYER, JACK!" Then it turns sad when Jack ignores his outburst and replies with apparently genuine regret, "Your boys are going down, Danny. I can't stop it any more."
- Motive Rant: Jessup's rant is all about why he feels his actions were necessary.
- The original stage production followed it with a "The Reason You Suck" Speech.
- My Master, Right or Wrong: This is the Marine's code ("Semper Fidelis" - Always Faithful/Loyal) and is integral to the chain of command as highlighted in the film; you obey your superior officers no matter what or people die. Colonel Jessup hides behind this code as justification for his actions and uses it to command absolute obedience from all his men. It ultimately comes back to bite him when he can't explain the actions of Lance Corporal Dawson and PFC Downey who gave Private Santiago an illegal "Code Red" disciplinary punishment which killed him. On the one hand, he insists that he gave orders that Santiago was not to be harmed, and on the other hand, he was arranging for Santiago to be transferred to another base to prevent him from being harmednote : if his orders are always followed, why did he have to protect Santiago by transferring him to another base? It is this key point that Lieutenant Kaffee uses to put Jessup in a bind and force him to admit the truth via the Armor-Piercing Question.
- Narcissist: Jessup goes beyond even having a massive god complex. He disobeys his superior officers because he thinks he knows better than them, loves to hear himself talk, rather flippantly exploits others for his own gain, has a colossally overblown sense of self-importance, seems to think he and he alone is somehow 'special,' ("I have a greater responsibility than you could possibly fathom.") demands excessive admiration and unquestioned obedience he clearly doesn't deserve, displays arrogance and haughtiness to his peers as well as his underlings, is an Entitled Bastard, displays a clear Lack of Empathy, and is seemingly incapable of even considering the mere possibility that he is ever wrong about anything. Even when confronted with irrefutable evidence that he is, he simply blames everyone else.
- Kaffy lampshades this the morning that followed his decision to call Jessup in court: he knows, after having met Jessup only once, that the guy qualifies, mentionning Jessup's speech about the fact that he doesn't need medals (something he seems to take an even greater pride in than actual medals) and his Badass Boast; that's also how he knows Jessup will come in court, he just love to tell others how important he and his duty are.
- "You have to ask me nicely. See, I can deal with the bullets, the bombs and the blood. I don't want money and I don't want medals. What I do want is for you to stand there, in that faggoty white uniform, and with your Harvard mouth, extend me some fucking courtesy". Self-love and pride seems to be the only things that keep Jessup going.
- The Neidermeyer: Colonel Jessup and Lieutenant Kendrick. Neither show the honor and loyalty to their troops which they espouse and would sooner have one physically punished illegally and so dangerously that he dies from the encounter which they then cover up, rather than send him away on point of principle.
- Never My Fault: Many of the Marines suffer from this, believing that they are above reproach because of the nature of their work and their ultimately good intentions. Jessup is the worst for it. Even after admitting to being behind Santiago's death, he's still incensed at being held responsible for it, blaming Kaffee. Dawson and Downey have an extreme case of this as well, but grow out of it by the end.
- Nice Guy: Captain Ross, who completely lacks any dark or unlikable traits, especially when compared to many of his fellow marines. Jessup and Kendrick disgust him and he takes exception to Kaffee comparing him to them simply because they 'wear the same uniform.' He is on good terms with Kaffee and gives him solid advice throughout the film. It's hard to even consider him a Punch-Clock Villain since Downey and Dawson, the two marines he is prosecuting, while sympathetic, did through their own actions cause the death of a fellow marine by pulling an unofficial hazing drill on him that proved fatal. Hell, amongst the major supporting marine characters, he could probably be considered the Token Good Teammate for the Corps.
- Noodle Incident: The Curtis Bell incident is mentioned several times throughout the film but never explained.Kendrick: That won't be necessary, Colonel, I'll handle the situation.Markinson: The same way you handled the Curtis Bell incident?
- Turns out to be a Chekhov's Gun. The trial discusses details about the incidentnote driving the point home to Dawson to never disobey an ordernote .
- Not His Sled: In the play, Kaffee exposes Jessup because Markinson sent him the flight log book from Andrews Air Force Base, which Jessup forgot to change to match the GITMO book, indicating that the earlier flight Santiago could have been on did in fact exist. In the film, Jessup remembered to do this, so instead Kaffee exposes him by pointing out a flaw in Jessup's testimony: If Jessup ordered that Santiago was not to be harassed by his squad and Jessup's orders are always followed without question, then why would Santiago be in danger of being harmed and have to be transferred?
- Not-So-Well-Intentioned Extremist: Jessup sees the Code Red as an invaluable tool in keeping discipline at Guantanamo Bay, which, in turn, will keep his troops alive and America safe. He even claims that Santiago's death potentially saved many lives. In reality, he is just a colossal Jerkass with an ego who is mad that anyone questions his ability to do whatever the hell he wants, up to and including brutalising his own men and accidentally killing them.
- Obfuscating Stupidity: Kaffee does this quite a bit while at Gitmo to keep Kendrick and Jessup from suspecting that he's legitimately considering them as culprits in Santiago's death. Galloway's earnest grilling kind of ruins it though to Kaffee's annoyance.
- Obstructive Bureaucrat: Jessup dabbles in this. Aside from refusing to transfer Santiago off base, he has the Tower Chief's logs doctored to conceal a flight.
- Oh, Crap!: Played with: after Jessup confesses, the look on Kaffee's face is a mixture of righteous indignation and this. It takes him a moment to recover. Understandable, considering what he just pulled off.
- O.O.C. Is Serious Business: When Kaffee grills Jessup in court over the Code Red, Ross breaks his Punch-Clock Villain persona shouting "DAMMIT KAFFEE!!!", in a tone that shows more worry than anger. He broke character because he was afraid Kaffee was going too far and was trying to snap him out of it.
- Ooh, Me Accent's Slipping: Kiefer Sutherland doesn't quite get the hang of his character's Kentucky accent.
- Patriotic Fervor: Jessup's justification for his actions.
- The Perry Mason Method: "You want answers?" "I want the truth!!"... and so forth.
- Pet the Dog: During questioning, Colonel Jessup answers questions about three phone calls. The first two calls are about the military. The third one turns out to be a call to his sister asking her if she wanted to have dinner. For all his flaws as a soldier, he seems to be a decent enough brother. Additionally, when the defence team are down in Cuba Jessup presents himself as an admirer of Kaffee's late father for his work defending civil rights. He's also Nice to the Waiter.
- The first example becomes a case of extreme Moral Myopia when you consider that his longtime comrade Markinson just killed himself, not to mention that he's scheming to pass the buck for his morally bankrupt actions onto his underlings.
- Plea Bargain: Dawson refuses to take one."We joined the Marines because we wanted to live our lives by a certain code, and we found it in the Corps. Now you're asking us to sign a piece of paper that says we have no honor. You're asking us to say we're not Marines. If a court decides that what we did was wrong, then I'll accept whatever punishment they give. But I believe I was right sir, I believe I did my job, and I WILL NOT DISHONOR MYSELF, MY UNIT, OR THE CORPS SO I CAN GO HOME IN SIX MONTHS! [beat] Sir."
- Police are Useless: The M.P. security detail keeping custody of Markinson didn't felt it necessary to take away his sidearm for some reason, which allowed him to blow his brains out rather than use any other method to commit suicide. Kaffee lampshades their effectiveness when he drunkenly points out the absurdity of the situation.
- Politically Incorrect Villain: Col. Jessup's speech about superior officers is shockingly misogynist. Interestingly, Jessup was also wrong. Dr. Antonia Novello was the US Surgeon General when A Few Good Men was released. As the head of the US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, Surgeons General always hold the rank of vice admiral. Jessup would have been required by law to salute her. Grace Hopper, still living at the time of the film's release, was promoted to Commodore on 15 Dec 1983 and her rank converted to Rear Admiral (Lower Half) when the rank of Commodore went away in 1985. Jessup would also have been required to salute her. Jessup also calling Kaffee's uniform "faggoty" won't win him the audience's sympathy either.
- Poor Communication Kills: Dawson and Downey's tendency to only give information when specifically asked leads to them to leave a very vital piece of information out of their story to their lawyers. It severely damages their case and nearly costs them their freedom.
- Punch-Clock Villain: Ross is a minor version of this trope. He's opposing the heroes of the story because he is representing the US government and it's his job to do so. It's well-established that otherwise he's on very friendly terms with Kaffee. Their good-natured banter after the trial shows that, despite the often heated proceedings, there are no hard feelings on either side.
- Ross even reveals he doesn't think Downey and Dawson should go to jail but he still has a job to do. He also seems to really dislike Kendrick and Jessup as much as Kaffee does, as at one point he tells Kaffee, "Don't you dare lump me in with them just because we wear the same uniform." He even seems happy to be heading off to arrest Kendrick at the end.
- Corporal Barnes is a lesser example of this, while he's a Marine like all the other bad guys, he's very polite and good-humored to Kaffee during his cross-examination and seems like a very nice guy overall. He even seems to be pretty amused when Kaffee points out that because the location of the mess hall is not in the marine handbook, there's no way he could have ever eaten a meal.
- "The Reason You Suck" Speech: The original stage production had Kaffee respond to Jessup's Motive Rant as follows:Kaffee: You trashed the law! But hey, we understand, youre permitted. You have a greater responsibility than we can possibly fathom. You provide us with a blanket of freedom. We live in a world that has walls and those walls have to be guarded by men with guns, and nothing is going to stand in your way of doing it. Not Willie Santiago, not Dawson and Downey, not Markinson, not 1,000 armies, not the Uniform Code of Military Justice, and not the Constitution of the United States! Thats the truth isnt it Colonel? I can handle it.
- Thanks to the film's omission of the above response to Jessup's Motive Rant, many people miss the point of the film's most famous scene: Yes, Jessup thinks hes justified in doing what he does— but he isn't. Not by the honour-code of his organisation, nor the legal system of his country, let alone most personal moral codes.
- Reasonable Authority Figure: Lieutenant Colonel Andrew Markinson quietly objects to Colonel Jessup's hardline attitude and actions towards his men, but is too spineless to stand up to him or call him out when he causes the death of Private Santiago.
- Meanwhile, Judge Randolph is, well, a judge. What makes him this instead of a prop with dialog is:Jessup: Colonel.
Kaffee: What's that?
Jessup: I would appreciate it if he would address me as 'colonel' or 'sir'. I believe I've earned it.
Randolph: Defense counsel will address the witness as 'colonel' or 'sir'.
Jessup: I don't know what the hell kind of unit you're running here...
Randolph: And the witness will address this court as 'judge' or 'your honor'. *gives Jessup a look* I'm quite certain I've earned it. Take your seat, Colonel.
- Meanwhile, Judge Randolph is, well, a judge. What makes him this instead of a prop with dialog is:
- Sanity Slippage: From the moment Jessup enters the courtroom onward all the little psychological cracks he works so hard to hide start unraveling, culminating in his frothing Motive Rant and subsequent Villainous Breakdown.
- Ship Tease: Kaffee and Galloway eventually develop a mutual attraction, and the latter actually shows up at the former's house to ask them out on the spot; however, it doesn't go anywhere, and they both go their separate ways at the end of the filmnote .
- Shout-Out: The title, to the Marines recruiting commercial whose tagline is "We're looking for a few good men".
- Shut Up, Hannibal!: After Jessup was placed under arrest, Kaffee delivers this line:Kaffee: "Don't call me son. I'm a lawyer, and an officer in the United States Navy, and you're under arrest, you son of a bitch."
- Signature Line: "You can't handle the truth!"
- Small Name, Big Ego: Colonel Jessup, relatively speaking. Jessup is the base commander at Guantanamo Bay, a fairly important posting (note that the movie predates the War on Terror) which at least de facto borders enemy territory, and has a large contingent of Marines under his command. However, this isn't nearly enough for a man of Jessup's inflated sense of importance: he constantly plays up how he's supposedly "on the wall" defending civilization from such terrifying enemies as the Cubans and how he, a mere colonel, understands how to defend the nation (in peacetime!) better than anyone alive.
- Smug Snake: Jessup and Kendrick
- Sociopathic Soldier: Like Colonel Jessup, Lieutenant Kendrick is callous, cruel, and entirely without scruples. He lacks Jessup's outward charm though, so his nastiness is far more obvious.
- Spanner in the Works: Both Galloway and Dawson are this to Jessup's friends in the Pentagon's attempts to handle Santiago's death quietly. Galloway for insisting that Kaffee actually give his clients' due diligence for once instead of rushing straight to the plea bargin, Dawson for telling Kaffee to take his plea bargain and shove it.
- Spotting the Thread: A downplayed example when Kaffee explains why he decided to stay on as lead counsel:"Why does a Lieutenant Junior Grade with 9 months' experience and a track record for plea bargaining get assigned a murder case? Would it be so it never sees the inside of a courtroom?"
- Straw Misogynist: Jessup makes chauvinistic comments about Galloway and military women in general right to her face. To say nothing of his disparaging remarks about Kaffee's "faggoty white uniform." It's pretty clear that Nathan Jessup thinks anyone who isn't Nathan Jessup is beneath him.
- Strictly Professional Relationship: LT Kaffee and LCDR Galloway clearly seem attracted to each other, but focus more on solving the case at hand than pursuing a relationship. Once the trial ends, they both go their separate ways.
- That Was Objectionable: A borderline example. The prosecution puts on a doctor to give his opinion as to the cause of Willie Santiago's death. Lt. Cmdr. Galloway objects on the basis of his qualifications. When the judge overrules her, she "strenuously objects" and is again overruled.Sam: "Strenuously object"? Is that how it works? "Objection!" "Overruled." "No no no, I strenuously object." "Oh, well if you strenuously object, then I should take some time to reconsider."
- Her "strenuous objection" prompts the judge to say "The witness is an expert, and the court will hear his opinion;" undermining her own point in front of the court members, which Sam calls her on.
- Take Five:Capt. West: Commander Galloway, why don't you get yourself a cup of coffee?
Lt. Cmdr. Galloway: Thank you, sir, I'm fine.
Capt. West: Commander, I'd like you to leave the room so we can talk about you behind your back.
Lt. Cmdr. Galloway: Certainly, sir.
- They Call Me Mister Tibbs: When disrespect is shown between Kaffee and Jessup, Judge Randolph immediately sets everyone straight. After Kaffee is corrected and Jessup is seen smirking, Randolph immediately and tersely reminds him that he is in charge, sternly telling him, "(T)he witness will address this court as 'judge' or 'your honor'. *gives Jessup a look* I'm quite certain I've earned it. Take your seat, Colonel."
- Those Two Guys: Dawson and Downey.
- Token Romance: Thankfully averted. Originally a romance between Tom Cruise and Demi Moore's characters was planned (and stills from a love scene made it to the tabloid news), but was left on the cutting room floor. The subtext is still there though, as Galloway does directly ask him out on the spot towards the midpoint of the film.
- Too Dumb to Live: Private Lowden Downey. Galloway states at one point he has no idea what's going on. And when the time comes to put him on the stand, his panic is palpable. And ultimately justified.
- Trailers Always Spoil: The Motive Rant that undoes Col. Jessup was the best-known moment of the movie before it came out, due to "You can't handle the truth!" being such a catchy line.
- Treachery Is a Special Kind of Evil: A major theme in the film where different moral codes and conceptions of treachery clash with each other.
- Colonel Jessep ordered the Code Red on the victim, Willy Santiago, because he tried to exchange incriminating information against a transfer, but then automatically sacrifice those who loyally apply that order.
- Lieutenant Kendrick candidly declares in court that the victim died because he has no honor and that Dawson once committed a crime by giving food to a punished man.
- Lieutenant-Colonel commits suicide because he can't bear his guilt and refuses to testify against his superior.
- After Judge Randolph orders Downey and Dawson to be dishonorably discharged from the marine corps, the latter concludes they indeed betrayed the victim and the principles they were supposed to defend as Marines.
- Ungrateful Bastard: Santiago was willing to rat on Dawson, the one who wouldn't allow the others in the squad to harass him, for his own benefit. It's implied he may have been knowingly lying about the nature of Dawson's fence shooting in order to get transferred out.
- Unspoken Plan Guarantee: Averted, where the night before Jessup is put on the stand, the lawyers have an onscreen meeting about their plan to make him confess, and the next day it's executed perfectly. Roger Ebert cited this as a flaw in the film, saying it's no fun if nothing goes wrong after you've already heard what's going to happen.
- There is a tiny bit of a speed bump, in that before they go into court that day, Galloway takes Kaffee aside and tells him he should back off of Jessup if he feels like he's not going to crack, and then during the questioning, Jessup's being really intimidating, Kaffee momentarily loses his nerve, Weinberg gives him a little shake of the head, Jessup gets up and starts to leave... and then Kaffee pulls it together and takes us home.
- Although, before resuming the questioning, as Jessup is walking to sit back down, Kaffee pours himself a glass of water and drinks it, barely capable of holding his hand from shaking as he does. There was no guarantee it was going to succeed; the only guarantee was that, if it didn't, Kaffee was in for severe consequences.
- Besides, the look on Kaffee's face when Jessup confesses, and that speed bump, shows it wasn't executed perfectly, it just turned out how Kaffee hoped.
- Not to mention Kaffee didn't back off when Ross objected to the line of questioning and the judge had held Kaffee in contempt. It's kinda hard to hear over all the shouting going on at this point.
- There is a tiny bit of a speed bump, in that before they go into court that day, Galloway takes Kaffee aside and tells him he should back off of Jessup if he feels like he's not going to crack, and then during the questioning, Jessup's being really intimidating, Kaffee momentarily loses his nerve, Weinberg gives him a little shake of the head, Jessup gets up and starts to leave... and then Kaffee pulls it together and takes us home.
- Utopia Justifies the Means: To Colonel Jessup, the only safe America is one that allows him to do whatever he thinks is necessary to protect it, with nobody allowed to question his methods or judgement.
- Very Loosely Based on a True Story: Sorkin based the story on a real case that his sister worked for the JAG corps, where a marine in Guantanamo was nearly killed in a hazing that a superior officer ordered.
- Villainous Breakdown: Jessup has his famous rant, but the real breakdown comes right after when the unflappable Colonel finds he is being charged with Santiago's death, and then lunges screaming at Kaffee, who doesn't even bat an eyelash.Col. Jessup: I'M GOING TO RIP THE EYES OUT OF YOUR HEAD AND PISS INTO YOUR DEAD SKULL! YOU FUCKED WITH THE WRONG MARINE!
- Walk and Talk: It first appeared here by accident as Rob Reiner needed a way to move the first scene with Jack and Danny along. It has since become one of Aaron Sorkin's trademarks.
- "Well Done, Son!" Guy: Kaffee's late father was of the overachieving variety.
- Wham Line: "He was never going to be transferred off that base" from Markinson changes everything for the defence, giving them a real weapon with which to fight back. In-Universe only, however, since the audience already knows Jessup had no intention of transferring Santiago.
- Jessups confession on the stand shocks the whole courtroom, including Kaffee, despite employing The Perry Mason Method. Kaffee is so visibly shocked that it worked, that it takes him a few moments to recover and seek a recess so Jessup can be formally arrested.
- You Can Say That Again: Kaffee trades clichés with the guy at his newsstand, resulting in this exchange:Luther: It ain't over till the fat lady sings.Kaffee: You can say that again.Luther: It ain't over till the fat lady sings.Kaffee: (with him) ...fat lady sings. I walked into that one.
- You Didn't Ask: This is the reason Dawson gives when Kaffee asks him why they didn't tell him about the order to give Santiago a Code Red when he first talked to them.