Nodwick: Virtually none... Magic has supplanted technology, and the secretive nature of its practitioners has resulted in most knowledge becoming lost. We're a feudal society, wars are common, and there's the monster problem. Plus, constant conflicts between the gods ensure that little philosophical progress is ever made.
Zorion: You people must drink a lot.
Nodwick: It helps ease the downward spiral, yeah.
Götterdämmerung — German for "Twilight of the Gods"
The term was popularized by Richard Wagner in his Der Ring des Nibelungen opera cycle. This is a German translation of the Old Norse "Ragnarökkr" ("twilight of the gods"), which was itself a poetic alternate name for the Norse term Ragnarök: The "ragna" part (nominative: regin) means "gods" or "the powers" and "rök" has several meanings like "fate," "development," "relation," "cause," and, surprisingly, "origin."
Ragnarok was the story of how most of the Aesirnote and the greatest Jotuns died in a battle against each other. Similarly, this trope refers to when the gods or sufficiently advanced Precursors of a story (and possibly their enemies) either die (if they are mortal) or are Sealed In A Can (if they are immortal), usually in a large battle or some other sudden event. Frequently, this is the end result of a war between gods.
Contrast Death of the Old Gods, where the gods are either slowly disappearing or losing popularity/being replaced over a period of time, essentially going out with a whisper instead of a bang. Also, compare The Magic Goes Away. See also End of an Age / Dawn of an Era, which this trope may end up leading to.
- In the backstory of the Macross franchise, the entire galaxy was part of a Golden Age under the Protoculture Stellar Republic before a civil war destroyed them, leaving only their giant humanoid armies to roam the galaxy and continue fighting.
- In Dragon Ball Super, it is eventually revealed that Zamasu and Goku Black intend to kill off every other Supreme Kai in the multiverse, and their corresponding Gods of Destruction (as if either dies, the other does too), so Zamasu will be the only remaining universe level deity with no one to oppose their plans to wipe out all mortals. And it seems Future Zamasu has succeeded in Future Trunk's timeline.
- Wanted shows the superhero version of this; once, superheroes walked the Earth, but a great battle between them and the supervillains destroyed them, allowing the villains to rewrite the world into their image and turn it into a bleaker, more cynical place closer to our world.
- This is basically the premise of Jack Kirby's New Gods metaseries, which opens rather bluntly with the words: "There came a time when the Old Gods DIED!"
- Alan Moore's proposed title, The Twilight of the Superheroes, would've dealt with this, but in reference to heroes, instead of actual gods. It was designed to give a sort of definitive end to all the heroes, as The Dark Knight Returns did for Batman. Though according to Moore, the intent was to finally raise comic book stories to the status of legends, since without an ending it did not become a true legend:
"An essential quality of a legend is that the events in it are clearly defined in time; Robin Hood is driven to become an outlaw by the injustices of King John and his minions. That is his origin. He meets Little John, Friar Tuck and all the rest and forms the merry men. He wins the tournament in disguise, he falls in love with Maid Marian and thwarts the Sheriff of Nottingham. That is his career, including love interest, Major Villains and the formation of a superhero group that he is part of. He lives to see the return of Good King Richard and is finally killed by a woman, firing a last arrow to mark the place where he shall be buried. That is his resolution—you can apply the same paradigm to King Arthur, Davy Crockett or Sherlock Holmes with equal success. You cannot apply it to most comic book characters because, in order to meet the commercial demands of a continuing series, they can never have a resolution. Indeed, they find it difficult to embrace any of the changes in life that the passage of time brings about for these very same reasons, making them finally less than fully human as well as falling far short of true myth."
- Last Days of the Justice Society, a one-shot released right after Crisis on Infinite Earths, showed the Justice Society of America ready to retire when they are called for one last mission: to prevent Adolf Hitler from linking the fate of the actual Norse gods' Ragnarok to that of the universe circa 1945. By merging with the Norse gods themselves, the Justice Society succeeded in changing the outcome, only to find themselves repeating the same battle over and over until Waverider around the time of Armageddon: Inferno swapped out the Justice Society for Abraxis' "daemen", allowing the heroes to return to Earth.
- Harmony Theory: Celestia and Luna are now sealed in their respective celestial bodies.
- Another My Little Pony work with this motif is the Twilight Then, Twilight Now Universe series, which takes place in a Darker and Edgier rendition of the G1 Ponyverse that is revealed to be the Bad Future of the G4 Ponyverse after suffering this multiple times. When Princess Celestia makes a Heroic Sacrifice to kill Discord, and this results in a religious backlash against the Alicorns and all the values they espoused, and this is only the first thing to go wrong, you know you're on a downward spiral.
- My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic seems to bizarrely lend itself to this. The Dear Sweetie Belle Continuity specifically mentions "the Twilight of the Gods" as the end of Celestia and Luna's reign in Clover the Clever's dying prophecy. Needless to say, Twilight Sparkle is implied to have something to do with it. Word of God is that it's the name of Twilight's own Superpowered Evil Side.
- Likewise, there is I Am Going To Save And/OrDestroy Equestria, where Luna and Celestia ended up destroying one another in the final battle one thousand years ago, rather than Nightmare Moon being sealed away. In short, the two good "gods" died, and their passing has disastrous consequences... since there are still plenty of evil "gods" left. Due to how vital the princesses' existence was to Equestrian society (Making the fiends go away and powering the seals that kept them in Tartarus, making the sun move up and down, etc.), their death causes the collapse of Equestrian civilization as well, since without the princesses, there's no one left to stop the fiends of Tartarus, or to stop an invasion by a foreign army... at least, not until the start of the story.
- The Last Great Time War has been building up to this and will end with it. And indeed ended with it.
- The galaxy of Niven's Known Space was once ruled by a foolish, simpleminded race of creatures whose only notable attribute was the ability to utterly dominate the minds of others. When the inevitable rebellion happened after thousands of years, their final, technologically amplified command was for everything advanced enough to receive their commands to commit suicide.
- In the Deep Space Nine novel Fallen Heroes, Dax, the member of a species comprising a small symbiote inside a standard humanoid, thinks of the Trill version of Ragnarok where a race of dumb giants and a race of smaller intelligent beings fought a war that ended with a single member of each surviving and mating to create the Trill race. There is endless speculation as to which was which gender.
- Whilst it hasn't actually happened yet, the Discworld name for this is "The Teatime of The Gods".
- This is in some sense the plot of The Lord of the Rings, which is not surprising since, while Tolkien was not inspired by Wagner's Ring Cycle, he was drawing on much the same source material. In any case, the story of the War of the Ring is that of the destruction or self-imposed exile of the supernatural beings who had dominated Middle-Earth for millennia, leaving mortal men in control.
- The legendarium also prophesies of a more literal end/renewal of the world, when Morgoth will finally escape the Great Void into which he was cast at the end of the First Age and destroy the Sun and the Moon, but Eärendil will cast him down to Earth, where the armies of Ar-Pharazôn the Golden will reawaken to do battle against one faction or another. Finally Túrin Turambar will slay him once and for all and the Children of Húrin will finally be avenged. In the tumult of battle the lost Silmarils will be cast out of the Earth and Water and Fëanor will return them to the Valar, who will use them to rekindle the Two Trees and the World will be recreated anew. Interestingly, the fate of Ar-Pharazôn and his forces is entirely uncertain; the published text says only that he will return at the end of time, with no real description of his loyalties or what state he will be in.
- The theme of John Hodgman's book "That is All" is centered on the end days, the return of the elder gods, and ultimately the total destruction of the earth. It gets rather meta. The end of the book is a page-a-day calender outlining the events of Ragnarok ("it will happen today in Ragnarok!").
- A variant appears in the first trilogy for Dragonlance; the gods of old are gone, and with them all their magic, but not because of any war. They devastated the world with a terrible Cataclysm, stole away all of their healing magic, and then turned their back on mortals because mortals would not accept that they were to blame for all this. A lot of readers sympathise with the viewpoint that the gods can go screw themselves. The first trilogy ends with the gods coming back. Though actual Gotterdammerungs are the focus of later trilogies, as well.
- The Gods Are Bastards has one of these in the backstory: the current gods overthrew the old ones by force several thousand years before the story is set.
- One of the Supernatural novels revolves around the "Apotheosis". Apparently in response to many older gods dying, newer ones pop into existence from out of mankind's imagination, then begin to compete with each other by accruing worshippers and fighting to the death, either forming a new generation or ensuring they don't go out quietly. It's happened multiple times in history, with the Titanomachy and Ragnarok being name dropped.
- Between the old and new series of Doctor Who, an offscreen conflict called the Last Great Time War occurred between the Time Lords and the Daleks, with a horde of various Eldritch Abominations emerging from the crossfire. It ended with the Doctor somehow erasing both sides from the universe. It later turned out that several million Daleks survived in a prison ship called the Genesis Ark, but that's still a fraction of the ten million ship fleet that fought the Time Lords. Later, Rassilon and the Time Lords attempt to escape - in a way that would unleash the aforementioned abominations and eventually destroy the universe, forcing the Doctor to stop them all over again. The few surviving Daleks built mini-empires that were defeated one by one, until one small group actually won an encounter with The Doctor and rebuilt into a galactic power.
- "The Day of the Doctor" reveals Gallifrey wasn't destroyed but placed in a pocket dimension by the Doctor, though he forgets this due to Timey-Wimey Ball. They later wandered back on their own, and are currently hiding at the end of time.
- The Time Lords being wiped out had already been used multiple times. The Ancestor Cell has Gallifrey being destroyed by the Doctor. Death Comes to Time, a probably non-canon web-animation shows both a Death of the Old Gods and Gotterdammerung. Various Time Lords, who are here Reality Warper Gods of the Fourth die through the story, the Doctor pulling a Heroic Sacrifice to kill rogue Time Lord General Tannis. Though the Time Lords haven't been wiped out, apparently their era has passed as the Doctor is the last of the friendly Time Lords.
- In Angel and Buffy the Vampire Slayer, the Old Ones were overthrown long ago and supplanted by humanity. It's really driven home when an Old One returns in Angel only to find her armies long dead and crumbling to dust while her own replacement body can't withstand her own power. The sight of a Lovecraftian horror beaten down by time, trapped in a human shell with only a fraction of her former power, and utterly alone without a purpose in life is rather sad.
- Babylon 5's Myth Arc involved a cyclic conflict between the two oldest and greatest powers in the galaxy, the Vorlons and the Shadows, along with their younger proxies. Partway into the fourth season, this conflict is resolved, with the Vorlons and Shadows traveling Beyond the Rim to live with the First Ones, most of whom had previously done the same millions of years earlier. The remaining two seasons of the show center on the younger races' efforts to grow on their own and deal with their own issues. The producer, J. Michael Straczynski, likened it to a family having Parental Issues on a galactic level.
- Amon Amarth live on this trope. See their songs Twilight of the Thunder God, Destroyer of the Universe, The Last Stand of Frej, Death in Fire, ...And Soon the World Will Cease to Be.. Basically telling this tale from everybody's perspective throughout their discography. And there are still people left in the myth...
- The Blind Guardian album Beyond the Red Mirror has a song "Twilight of the gods", which is about the gods, if not dying, then at least going to a long sleep.
- Nile's album Ithyphallic has a song called "Even the Gods Must Die," which discusses the idea of this trope on a historical level; namely that all legends and myths fade with time, and with the decline of the worship of the Gods, so too go the Gods...
- The Trope Namer is of course Götterdämmerung, the final installment of Richard Wagner's Ring Cycle of operas. With Wotan's spear, upon which was inscribed all the bargains he had made for power, broken by his grandson Siegfried, and with Wotan's plot to get hold of the titular ring without invoking its curse having failed, Wotan orders the branches cut from the World-Tree Yggdrasil and piled around Valhalla. Then the gods retire to Valhalla and are consumed in flames at the end.
- Pepe Deluxé's album Queen of the Wave is an ode to the passing of Atlantis. There's a whirlwind tour of the spiritual enlightenment and Sufficiently Advanced Bamboo Technology the Atlanteans possessed—then they fall to moral decay, and the great city sinks into the ocean in the final song.
- The Flaming Lips have the song Pompeii am Götterdämmerung, which actually refers to the destruction of Pompeii by the volcano Vesuvius, but nevertheless uses the term.
- The song Prime Mover by the Swedish punk band The Leather Nun is about this, the second verse referring directly to events of Ragnarök.
- A composer by the name of Andrew Boysen composed a piece for wind ensemble called "Twilight of the Gods," which portrays this event. When premiered by the Cuesta College Wind Ensemble in May 12, 2010, and when performed by some other bands, it was done in sync to visuals designed by Erik Evensen that depicted the story on a screen.
- In Norse Mythology, two people, Líf and Lífþrasir, will survive Ragnarök (the Norse version of the apocalypse, the final climactic battle of the gods with the giants and monsters which will end the world as we know it) and will presumably live on to create the next generation of humans after the fall of the gods.
- Some researchers suggest that Ragnarök is a much later introduction due to Christian influence and may not have been part of the original cosmology at all. Others believe it to be a sign of the cyclical time-view of the Germanic pagans. The old German poem Muspilli is theorized to be a straight Christianized version of Ragnarök with Surtr replaced by the Antichrist whom Elias—replacing Thor—fights, Loki by the old friend. Since the end of that poem has been lost and the last remaining part is kind of a Gainax Ending, it is hard to tell if it is indeed a Christianized or a straight Christian poem, but as the battle in the poem is described as a "battle without victory" one can assume it does not end well.
- In Classical Mythology, the Titans are deposed by the Olympians, with most of them becoming Sealed Evil in a Can.
- This is after the Titans themselves depose the primordial deities before them.
- And the Trojan War can be seen as this, as it was considered the end of the Heroic Age and the start of history from the Greeks' point of view.
- The fact that the Old World of Darkness's Changeling: The Dreaming is basically this under a coating of glitter is what led to its Audience-Alienating Premise. The whole plot of the game is that Imagination is fading from reality under the assault of "Banality", and with it all of the mystical and magical beings of fae are dying out. The present era is the time of Autumn... and Winter, the total destruction of the fae, is inevitable.
- The Legend of Zelda—
- The original Legend Of Zelda is this for the Zelda timeline. The Hero of Time was slain, Ganon's hordes destroyed the world, the Triforce has long since been shattered. All that remains of Hyrule are a few old men and women cowering in caves. And then a wanderer appears, garbed in a familiar green tunic.
- Despite the game's ending being quite the opposite, the Lanayru region in The Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword certainly elicits the feel. Derelict Magitek artifacts lay rusted everywhere, though they can be temporarily brought back to life with some time-flux hijinks.
- The MMORPG Ragnarok Online had this as part of its backstory—in that the cataclysmic battle of Ragnarok divided gods, demons, and mortals from each other—owing to its origins as part of the overall story of the manwha Ragnarok. The published sequel, Ragnarok II: Legend of the Second, takes place long after the manhwa's story concluded with a second Ragnarok-like event called the Day of Despair.
- Similarly to RO (and not surprising given its status as a Spiritual Successor), Tree of Savior heavily involves this trope in its story and setting. At the start of the game (year 1095), all of the goddesses who used to interact with the mortal world have vanished. Several prior to Medis Diena, the rest shortly afterward. The player characters are on a quest to find out what happened to them, and how to fix the world.
- In The Elder Scrolls series, this is a cornerstone of the most fundamentalist religions of the races of Mer (Elves), particularly for the Altmer (High Elves). They hold that reality is a prison that souls are trapped in by the trickster Lorkhan when he bound some of his fellow et'Ada ("original spirits") to form the Mundus, the mortal plane, and was "killed" by them as a result. The religions of Men, on the other hand, hold that the pre-creation divinity state was the prison, and the Mundus is a proving ground in which to transcend beyond the original spirits, with Lorkhan deliberately failing to do so himself in order for all else to "know how not to fail." The Thalmor, an Altmeri extremist group who seized power following the Oblivion Crisis, are attempting to undo creation in a scheme to return to pre-creation divinity. How? Throughout all the previous centuries, several metaphysical "Towers" holding reality together were destroyed or otherwise de-powered (Numidium, Red Mountain, White-Gold Tower), and reality was basically being held together by reverence and worship in the first known person to have undergone such apotheosis: Talos. The Thalmor have essentially banned worship of Talos in an attempt to undo creation.
- Final Fantasy XII sees the dominance (or at least the attempt to return to dominance) of the world's gods broken. Though in this case the gods are cast in something of a dictatorial mold, so this is regarded more as a cause for celebration than melancholy.
- While there are plenty of Fal'cie still around after Final Fantasy XIII, the events of that game put a definitive end to the all-controlling Cocoon Fal'cie. Final Fantasy XIII-2 has the death of Etro, which causes a Time Crash that leads to the world seen in the third game.
- Metroid plays with this trope. The Chozo are a race of advanced bird-like beings who wield Lost Technology and left behind ruins that incorporated Organic Technology all over the galaxy. In fact, as stated in the Lore of the second two Prime games, each endangered/extinct civilization Samus visits (Tallon IV, Aether, Bryyo, Elysia) had some connections to the Chozo race, and they often left behind relics in the form of Power Suit Upgrades. Also mentioned in the Lore of the Prime series is the decline and/or extinction of the Chozo (hence the Gotterdammerung) at the hands of a mysterious "star-borne terror" revealed to be a Leviathan Seed, the source of all Phazon. All of the Malevolent/Foreboding Architecture and Lost Technology the Chozo left behind tend to be very important whenever Samus has a case of the Bag of Spilling.
- Grandia II had a great war thought between Good and Evil. Evil eventually won but need a couple thousand years of rest. The remains of humanity thought good had won and built a whole religion around its technology and brain-washing control.
- The Halo universe, of course, had the highly advanced Forerunners, who were forced to activate their Halos and destroy themselves and all sentient life in the galaxy to starve out the Flood. Interestingly, the Forerunners themselves deliberately enacted one of these themselves, against the Starfish Aliens that preceded them, out of a combination of paranoia, racism, resentment, and envy. There's a great quote in Halo 2 from one of the Halo AIs that demonstrates the amount of time that passed between the extinction of the Forerunners and the Human-Covenant War:
2401 Penitent Tangent: This installation has a successful utilization record of 1.2 trillion simulated and 1 actual.
- Assassin's Creed has Those Who Came Before, a shadowy group mentioned in the first game that the Knights Templar claim all human technology is reverse-engineered from. The second game reveals that they are a powerful race that once existed on Earth and created humans in their own image. They were defeated however, when humans revolted against them and won because of their sheer advantage in numbers. Both factions were devastated, however in an apocalyptic event. Gods and goddesses in world religions are distorted memories of these people.
- Odin Sphere: By the end just about all magic, dragons, and fairies disappear from the world. The Aesir fall against the armies of the Netherworld and the Vanir are scorched by the Inferno King's march. Humanity, however, still endures to repopulate the world thanks to the efforts of the five main heroes...in the True Ending. In the Bad Ending, the entire world dies without any hope of being restored.
- All highly advanced technology in the Panzer Dragoon universe was created long ago in the Ancient Age, and the war-wracked world left in its wake is only alive thanks to climate control systems which are finally disabled in Saga in "The Great Fall". In a variation, the Ancients, themselves, realized that what they were doing was wrong, and so they created a fail-safe that was programmed to undo what they had wrought.
- Dark Souls has a unique spin on this: The age of the Lords (gods) is ending. The remaining gods are either dead, insane, or have been drained of their power (or a combination of the three). The closest thing to a true god still remaining is a humanoid abomination that has everyone worship a false god instead of letting them see the real him. Your job is hastening the twilight of the gods, so that a new age of the gods can begin or ending the age of the gods forever so that an age of man can begin.
- Immortal Defense has this and Death of the Old Gods as a main theme of the game, although it's debatable if pathspace defenders can be actually considered gods. Fittingly enough, Götterdämmerung is actually a title of a level in one of the final campaigns, showcased at the peak of your insanity.
- World of Warcraft has this, to a degree, in Cataclysm. After defeating Deathwing, the final boss of Cataclysm, a cutscene plays revealing that the remaining Dragon Aspects have lost nearly all of their power as a result of the battle, and are now mortal.
- Granted, the Dragon Aspects are FAR from the only god-like beings in Azeroth...
- The Banner Saga has this, as should come to know surprise considering how much the game borrows from Norse mythology. The gods are dead, the sun frozen in place in the sky, and a seemingly invincible army known as the Dredge is tearing a path through the North. The player's goal is not safety, but survival.