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Superpowers: Großgermanisches Reich (Göring's Germany | Heydrich's Germany) | The United States of America | Dai-Nippon Teikoku
Major Powers: Regno d'Italia | Iberian Union | Ordensstaat Burgund
Other Countries By Region: Africa (West Africa | Southern Africa | Post-Colonial Central Africa) | The Americas | Asia and Oceania (South Asia | Middle East) | Europe (British Isles | French State | Eastern Europe | Reichskommissariat Moskowien)
Former Soviet Union: West Russia (Komi Republic | Taboritsky's Russia) | Southern Urals | Western Siberia | Central Siberia | The Far East | Central Asia
Miscellaneous: Miscellaneous Countries


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North America

Continental North America

Maple Leaf Flag 
Pearson Pennant Flag 

Official Name: Dominion of Canada
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

The Dominion of Canada became increasingly reliant on the United States of America after the United Kingdom capitulated to Germany. By 1962, the nation is a liberal democracy and an OFN member state.

  • Arch-Enemy: Given that Canada houses Elizabeth II and the original British government that fled the Isles after the Nazi invasion, it was inevitable that they would not recognize the German collaborationist government that overthrew them
  • The Exile: A number of British political figures and ideologues found exile in Canada following World War 2. Among them are Winston Churchill and Oswald Mosley, though the latter's described as a homeless having lost all credibility.
  • I Am Who?: Owing to its historical ties, Canada formally shares a constitution with Britain, but since Canada no longer recognizes the Nazi-collaborator government, they have been stuck with the issue of creating a new one for themselves. As such, this has left many Canadian citizens wondering what their national identity is.
  • Puppet State: Downplayed. Canada is independent from the United States, but their trading relationship is so close, that if something happens to the American economy, it will also affect the Canadian economy. Case in point, Nixon's decision to take the dollar off of silver has hit Canada hard, especially in its Western provinces.
  • The Remnant: Under Queen Elizabeth II, Canada's the de facto heart of the "legitimate" Commonwealth, in contrast to the Nazi-collaborationist Kingdom of England.
  • Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: Politically, Canada can be split into a rivalry between the wealthier Eastern provinces and the more downtrodden Western provinces, the former of which was often favored by Canadian politicians, much to the detriment of the latter. The rivalry has grown so bitter that the Western territories have begun considering more pragmatic solutions to alleviate their economic woes, even if it harms the country as a whole.
  • Western Terrorists: Québécois terrorist groups, from the Marxist Front de libération du Québec to the Fascist Front de l'Unité Nationale du Québec, have long been a thorn in the side of the Canadian government.

Lester B. Pearson
Party: Liberal Party of Canada
Ideology: Liberal Democracy
In-game description note 
Pearson is a career politician, having served as High Commissioner of Canada for the United Kingdom until Operation Sealion. Following his return, Pearson entered federal politics, first as an MP and later as leader of the Liberal Party of Canada. He called for closer ties to the United States, and for strengthening the OFN against its rivals. His rhetoric was a success, and he led the Liberals to a massive victory against the Progressive Conservatives, ending their decade-long government.
  • The Ace: Pearson is well-known for being one of the most skilled diplomats of his time, having strengthened Canada's ties to the OFN and organizing nonpartisan efforts to boost Canada's reputation to non-aligned nations.
  • Landslide Election: In the 1958 elections, Pearson led the Liberals to power after a landslide victory against the Conservatives.

John Diefenbaker
Party: Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (Tories)
Ideology: Liberal Conservatismnote 
In-game description note 
Diefenbaker is no stranger to conflict, having served with distinction during the First World War. He is a career politician, having been in the house the longest out of Pearson and Douglas. However, his time in politics has worn him out, and his defeat to the Liberals have tarnished his reputation within the Tories. His goals, should he be reelected, is to lessen the dependance Canada has on the United States.

John Turner
Party: Liberal Party of Canada
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

Robert Stanfield
Party: Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (Tories)
Ideology: Conservative Democracy

Tommy Douglas
Party: Co-operative Commonwealth Federation
Ideology: Democratic Socialismnote 
In-game description note 
Initially studying to become a Baptist minister, Douglas instead entered politics in when elected to the House of Commons in 1935. He quickly rose in the ranks of the party, becoming premier of Saskatchewan, and later leader of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF). His progressive stances, particularly his support for universal healthcare, has seen him rise in prominence in Canada, his popularity with the people making him a formidable rival to the Liberals and Tories.
  • The Atoner: Having witnessed the Nazi Eugenics program during a visit to the Reich in 1936, Douglas has abandoned his previous support of the practice, and is haunted by his previous advocacy of it.
  • Dark Secret: In 1930, Douglas obtained his master's degree by writing a thesis which endorsed eugenics. note  Nevertheless, he managed to become a beloved figure in Canadian politics, but must still strive to at least partially keep his eccentric past, particularly this thesis, under wraps.
  • Good Shepherd: When studying theology in the Baptist Brandon College, Douglas subscribed to the Social Gospel Movement, which taught that Christianity was as concerned with social justice as it was with salvation. This led him to pursue a political career and advocate for numerous social programs, particularly universal health care.
  • Preacher Man: Douglas was initially studying to become a Baptist minister. He instead entered politics and has used the skills he learned in college in his speeches and when speaking in parliament.

Réal Caouette
Party: Social Credit Party of Canada
Ideology: Social Creditnote 

James Laxer
Party: Co-operative Commonwealth Federation - The Waffle
Ideology: Revolutionary Frontnote 

Official Name: United Mexican States
Ideology: Dominant-Party Democracynote 

  • Crapsaccharine World: From an technical standpoint, Mexico is a flourishing country that has enjoyed an unparalleled economic growth from its population boom, increasing middle class, and improvements in quality of life. Despite its prosperity, Mexico is not the democratic country that it claims to be, as the Partido Revolucionario Institucional effectively runs it like a corrupt one-party state and must keep the illusion of freedom to stay in power. However, cracks in the image begin to reveal themselves after the Yasuda Crisis in Japan fires and incites minor economic and political upheavel in Mexico by forcing layoffs and bankruptcies, which is nicknamed the Kabuki Effect. Upon this, the citizens finally rise up in protest and each potential successor for the PRI have to manage a balancing act of appeasing the workers, peasantry, Federal Security Directorate, intelligentsia, industrialists, and party officials to win the presidency.
  • Corrupt Politician: One of the biggest problems facing Mexico is corruption, as federal land lords often abuse the ejido system of collective agriculture and sacrifice the bureacracy's efficiency in favor of earning promotions for themselves. For their part, the citizens are growing tired of this corruption and calls for reform have been rising.
  • A House Divided: While the PRI is the dominant party in Mexico, they are having problems maintaining a consensus concerning certain issues, such as foreign policy, ever since new factions started appearing. This has made the government slower and more ineffective.
  • Succession Crisis: As President López's term comes to an end, many backroom deals are being made as the three potential successors jockey for influence, while foreign actors also put their thumb on the scales for their preferred candidates.
  • Team Switzerland: Under President López Mateos, Mexico has maintained a policy of strict neutrality between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan. Depending on who succeeds him, Mexico might continue its geopolitical neutrality, move closer towards the OFN, or drift towards the Sphere.

Adolfo López Mateos
Party: Partido Revolucionario Institucionalnote 
Ideology: Dominant-Party Democracynote 

  • Internal Reformist: López Mateos' presidency was marked by various changes such as and reform, expansions of education and healthcare, and the nationalization of the electrical industry.

Raúl Salinas Lozano
Party: Partido Revolucionario Institucional
Ideology: Dominant-Party Democracynote 

  • Deal with the Devil: Salinas wants to cooperate with Japan to displace the American influence in the Mexican economy, but is also described as a naive man when it comes to people's intentions, something which might bring harm to Mexico as he works with Japan.

Gustavo Díaz Ordaz
Party: Partido Revolucionario Institucional
Ideology: Dominant-Party Democracynote 

  • Odd Friendship: Díaz Ordaz and López are very close friends despite being polar opposites.

Carlos Alberto Madrazo
Party: Partido Revolucionario Institucional
Ideology: Dominant-Party Democracynote 

  • Internal Reformist: Madrazo is a firm reformist, with a commitment to anti-corruption and tackling the socio-economic problems in the nation.
  • Team Switzerland: Madrazo is committed to neutrality, pursuing protectionist agendas against both the USA and Japan.

Official Name: Republic of Guatemala
Ideology: National Conservatismnote 

Miguel Ydígoras Fuentes
Ideology: National Conservatismnote 


Official Name: Republic of Belize
Ideology: Social Democracy

George Cadle Price
Party: People's United Party
Ideology: Social Democracy

Official Name: Republic of Honduras
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

Ramón Villeda Morales
Party: Partido Liberal de Hondurasnote 
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

Abraham Williams Calderón

Party: PNR
Ideology: Right-Wing Populismnote 

    El Salvador
Official Name: Republic of El Salvador
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

José María Lemus
Party: Partido Revolucionario de Unificación Democráticanote 
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

Rubén Alonso Rosales

Party: Partido Revolucionario de Unificación Democráticanote 
Ideology: Controlled Democracynote 

Official Name: Republic of Nicaragua
Ideology: Civilian Dictatorshipnote 

Luis Somoza Debayle
Party: Partido Liberal Nacionalistanote 
Ideology: Civilian Dictatorshipnote 

    Costa Rica
Official Name: Republic of Costa Rica
Ideology: Progressive Democracynote 

José Figueres Ferrer
Party: Partido Liberación Nacionalnote 
Ideology: Progressive Democracynote 


Official Name: Republic of Panama
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

  • Butt-Monkey: Even though hundreds of ships regularly pass through their canal and make millions of dollars, Panama only acquires a meager $250,000, even though they own the canal. Typically, Panama tends to make the least amount of profit from any international trade that crosses through them.
  • Corrupt Politician: Panama's bureaucracy is full of these, in which any bill, public development, or acquisition can't even happen without a backroom deal or a private "donation" to the politicians. Any investigation into this problem is quickly suppressed, allowing the problem to persist.
  • The Resenter: Panama resents the United States for controlling their canal and profiting off of it more than they do. The tension finally escalates when Panamanian rioters rise up against the Canal Zone Guards and engage in a tussle with them. The situation only gets worse when a student gets shot when trying to evacuate wounded protesters, becoming a martyr for future riots.
  • Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: Behind the political scene, every government branch competes and fights each other to accumulate more power for themselves. They're only united together out of the interest of self-survival from foreign threats.

Roberto F. Chiari Remón
Party: Partido Liberal Nacionalnote 
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

Arnulfo Arias
Party: Partido Panameñistanote 
Ideology: National Conservatismnote 

    Panama Canal Zone
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

  • Puppet State: The Panama Canal Zone is a puppet state owned by the United States to facilitate transportation between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.

David McDonald
Party: Panama Canal Authority
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

The Caribbean

Official Name: Republic of Cuba
Ideology: Social Nationalismnote 

  • We ARE Struggling Together: The ORI is a wide coalition whose various factions have little in common besides their shared goal of reforming Cuba and agreeing to put Castro in charge. Otherwise, the various factions of the ORI compete with each other that often leads to infighting and division. By game start, infighting has gotten so bad that Castro must decide on a political direction soon or the entire coalition will collapse.

Fidel Castro
Party: Organización Revolucionaria Integradanote 
Ideology: Social Nationalismnote 

  • Internal Reformist: After his victory, Castro initiated a broad set of reforms, covering land, healthcare, welfare, and education. While the reforms are enormously popular, some worry that these changes to be too radical and quick, which may spell doom for Castro's government. Castro also hasn't fully dedicated himself to turning Cuba into a democracy yet, leaving it ambiguous if he'll follow José Martí's dream of a democratic Cuba, despite declaring himself Martí's heir. Yet, Castro is the only person holding the entire coalition together at this point.
  • Irony: In real life, Castro was known for his proud and public opposition to the American government, and was the target of multiple CIA-sponsored anti-communist operations, including the famous Bay of Pigs Invasion. In TNO, Castro presently has a good relationship with the United States and gets along with the OFN. This has some truth in it, as in real life, the CIA did send an agent to help advise M-26-7 and funded Castro's activities after 1958.
  • Nice Hat: Castro continues wearing his signature Ridgeway cap.
  • Rebel Leader: Just as in real life, Castro made international headlines leading a successful armed revolution against Fulgencio Batista's dictatorship.

Ideology: Personalistic Dictatorshipnote 

  • Red Scare: Communists are regularly oppressed in Haiti, which makes sense, given that they would be ideological enemies to the current fascist administration.

François Duvalier
Party: Parti de l'unité nationalenote 
Ideology: Personalistic Dictatorshipnote 

    Dominican Republic
Ruling Party: Partido Dominicanonote 
Ideology: Corporatismnote 

Rafael Trujilo

Party: Partido Dominicanonote 
Ideology: Corporatismnote 

West Indies Federation

    West Indies Federation
Official Name: West Indies Federation, Caribbean Union (Unitarian)
Ideology: Liberal Democracy
A federation of multiple Caribbean islands formed from former British colonies in the region.
  • The Federation: As the name implies, the West Indies Federation is a collective of Caribbean islands united together as a single political entity allied to the United States.
  • Reassigned to Antarctica: For American statesmen, the West Indies Federation is one of the worst places to be assigned to, as they are stuck with the inglorious duty of managing the confusing quagmire of West Indies politics.
  • We ARE Struggling Together: As an artificially constructed political federation in the wake of the UK's collapse, the members of the West Indies Federation don't really have any reason to remain united or cooperate with one another.

Grantley Herbert Adams
Party: West Indies Federal Labour Party
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

  • Know When to Fold 'Em: When the United States invaded Barbados, Adams was incensed, but cowed to the Americans anyway, seeing that resistance would be futile against a nuclear superpower right at their doorstep.
  • The Quisling: To his critics, Adams is an power hungry president who sold out his own country to American interests.

Norman Manley
Party: West Indies Federal Labour Party
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

  • Les Collaborateurs: Manley is a native Jamaican who is fervently loyal to the United States and he will strengthen the Federation's ties to them, should Jamaica's independence referendum fail.

Eric Williams
Party: West Indies Federal Labour Party
Ideology: National Liberalismnote 

See his entry in the Trinidad and Tobago folder.

Ideology: Populist Conservatismnote 

  • Unwitting Pawn: In their pursuit for independence from the West Indies Federation, they have inadvertantly opened an opportunity for Germany and Japan to meddle in foreign affairs and subvert American dominance in the Caribbean by fracturing the American-aligned West Indies Federation.

Alexander Bustamante
Party: Jamaican Labor Party
Ideology: Populist Conservatismnote , Social Nationalismnote  (coup)

  • The Determinator: His enemies will not deny Bustamante's tenacity in advocating Jamaican independence and he's only becoming more aggressive in his demands for a referendum to resolve the issue.
  • Occupiers Out of Our Country: From Bustamante's perspective, the West Indies Federation is just an occupying force over Jamaica and he wants to break free from them so that Jamaicans alone can determine their own "destiny".

    Trinidad and Tobago
Flag of Trinidad, Tobago, and Grenada 
Black Power Revolution 
Official Name: Trindid and Tobago, Trinidad, Tobago, and Grenada (Federation Collapse)
Ideology: National Liberalismnote 

  • Screw This, I'm Outta Here!: If the West Indies Federation fails to stop Jamaica from declaring independence or accept Williams' proposal to centralize the Federation, Trinidad and Tobago will secede from the country as well to maintain its own economic stability, signaling the incoming collapse of the Federation.

Eric Williams
Party: People's National Movement, West Indies Federal Labour Party (West Indies Federation)
Ideology: National Liberalismnote 

  • Defector from Decadence: Should the West Indies Federation reject his proposal to centralize the government, Williams will declare Trinidad and Tobago's independence to pursue their own agenda, even if Williams is still willing to work with the OFN.
  • Internal Reformist: If Jamaica wins its independence, Williams will push for radical reforms to centralize the Federation as a unitary state with a singular constitution, believing that it would be better suited to reform the myrid problems facing the country.

Makandal Daaga
Party: National Joint Action Committe
Ideology: Left-Wing Nationalismnote 

    St. Kitts, Nevis, and Anguilla
Ideology: Conservative Democracy

Fredrick Albert Phillips
Party: People's Action Movement
Ideology: Conservative Democracy

    Antigua and Barbuda
Ideology: Social Democracy

George Walter
Party: Progressive Labour Movement
Ideology: Social Democracy

Ideology: Left-Wing Nationalismnote 

Marcel Gargar
Party: Parti Communiste de Guadeloupe
Ideology: Left-Wing Nationalismnote 

Ideology: Controlled Democracynote 

Patrick Roland John
Party: Dominica Labour Party
Ideology: Controlled Democracynote 

Ideology: Social Democracy

George Marrie Anne
Party: Parti Socialiste
Ideology: Social Democracy

    St. Lucia
Ideology: Christian Democracynote 

John Compton
Party: United Workers Party
Ideology: Christian Democracynote 

    St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Ideology: Democratic Socialismnote 

Ebenezer Joshua
Party: People's Political Party
Ideology: Democratic Socialismnote 

Ideology: Left-Wing Populismnote 

Errol Barrow
Party: Democratic Labour Party
Ideology: Left-Wing Populismnote 

Ideology: Liberal Conservatismnote 

Herbert Blaize
Party: Grenada National Party
Ideology: Liberal Conservatismnote 

Ideology: Liberal Democracy

Efrain Jonchkeer
Party: Democratische Partij
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

South America

Official Name: Republic of Colombia
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

Alberto Lleras Camargo
Party: Frente Nacional - Partido Liberal Colombianonote 
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

Official Name: Republic of Venezuela
Ideology: Progressive Democracynote 

Rómulo Betancourt
Party: Acción Democráticanote 
Ideology: Progressive Democracynote 


Official Name: Co-operative Republic of Guyana
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

A US puppet state occupying the former colonies of British Guyana, Dutch Guyana, and French Guiana.

  • Puppet State: Guyana is led by a pro-United States client government.
  • Sacrificial Lamb: The small country of Guyana is the first target of the United States' military at the start of the game.
  • Small Role, Big Impact: Guyana's only role in the story is to be invaded by the United States, and for said invasion motivating the assassination of John F. Kennedy by a Guyanese nationalist.

Forbes Burnham

Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy, Civillian Dictatorshipnote 

Cheddi Jangan
Ideology: Paternalistic Conservatismnote 

Ruling Party Partido Social Democrático
Ideology: National Liberalismnote 

  • Allohistorical Allusion: The Lobster War, a dispute over fishing ships catching spiny lobsters, happens between Brazil and Germany, instead of Brazil and France like in real life.
  • And There Was Much Rejoicing: After Adolf Hitler's death Brazil recieves an event talking about most political factions putting their differences aside to celebrate Hitler's passing.
  • Corrupt Politician: Brazil is plagued by political corruption, from the local town council and state governments, to the army and Federal government. Most politicians do not work for the greater good of Brazil, but for personal benefit.
  • Mini-Game: Brazil has mini-games for Presidential and Senate elections, a military loyalty one, along with an infrastructural and industrial development one.
  • Succession Crisis: The 100 Days Crisis happens after both Lott and Quadros have resigned, leading to the President of the Senate taking power, then him resfusing to appoint the President of the Chamber of Deputies João Goulart, choosing to make the Senate elect a new one followed by some military officers sending an ultimatum where either a new provisional President is chosen in 100 days or they will coup the goverment.
  • The Idealist: Most Brazilian leaders are dreamers who see Brazil as the country of the future and will seek to put Brazil on the world stage and make it prosper (Each on their own way, of course).
  • Wild Card: Brazil starts out as an OFN Observer, but it can ally with the CPS, choose neutrality, continue a path of OFN loyalty, and even go communist.

Henrique Teixeira Lott
Party: Partido Social Democráticonote 
Ideology: National Liberalismnote 

  • In Medias Res: His focus tree starts with the parts of the tree dealing with expanding Petrobras and suppressing the strikes already completed.
  • Know When to Fold 'Em: If his relation with Quadros is poor and he ends up holding equal to or more influence then Lott, Quadros will take advantage of a corruption scheme in the building of the Transamazonian highway to tarnish Lott’s reputation in order to make Lott resign. Even though he knows it's just a power move by Quadros, Lott decides to resign in order to prevent something worse from happening with the unrest that would occur if he stayed.
  • Officer and a Gentleman: Lott is a marshall of the Brazilian army and is portrayed as calm and well-manered
  • Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: President Lott and his Vice-President Jânio Quadros have a tense relationship, as not only did they come from different opposing coalitions, but also both seek to gain the upper hand against the other.
  • The Purge: If Lott has a successful Presidency he can purge putschist elements in the army.
  • War Hero: He is regarded as one by the Brazilian people for his services in England.

Jânio Quadros
Party: União Democrática Nacional/Partido Trabalhista Nacionalnote 
Ideology: Populist Conservatismnote 

  • Allohistorical Allusion: One of the first events is about Quadros visiting China and getting criticised by left-wing activists for doing so, mirroring the OTL visit of João Goulart to China that got heavily criticised by Right-Wingers.
  • Know When to Fold 'Em: If Quadros gains power by making Lott resign, Lacerda and Andrade plot his overthrow by convincing the Senate into forcing his resignation. If Quadros only discovers it too late and isn't able to counter act against this, it leads to the 100 Days Crisis.
  • Moral Guardians: Quadros is a devout Catholic conservative who will try to pass legislation against anything he sees as signs of moral decay, like bikinis and horse races.
  • Strongly Worded Letter: In case the relationship between Quadros and Lott stabilizes he sends a letter to Carlos Lacerda asking for him to give up any attempts of driving a wedge between the two, and warns that if Lacerda chooses to continue his efforts he will have "a surprise meeting between your lower disgetive tract and a broom".
  • Team Switzerland: Quadros pursues an independent foreign policy, with Brazil being able to ally with whoever it desires against American interests by seeking both closer relations with Japan and a détente with Germany.

João Goulart
Party: Partido Trabalhista Brasileironote 
Ideology: Left-Wing Populismnote 

  • Internal Reformist: Goulart seeks to enact a series of sweeping changes to the national order called the Basis Reforms - they include things such as economic, educational, tributary and land reform.
  • Taking Up the Mantle: Goulart has been preparing himself alongside his mentor Vargas to become an ideal political successor if assuming the Presidency.
  • Undying Loyalty: Goulart has one for Vargas.
  • You Can't Go Home Again: If either the military coup happens or Lacerda coups him, Goulart goes into exile in Uruguay like in real life.

Juscelino Kubitschek
Party: Partido Social Democrático
Ideology: National Liberalismnote 

  • Dark Horse Victory: After the Brazilian military just couped their government, few expected Kubitschek to take back the reins and bring back democracy to Brazil.
  • Drowning My Sorrows: If he loses the election he feels sad and disappointed in himself and decides to go drink cachaça at bars.
  • Internal Reformist: Promising "50 years of progres in five", Kubitschek will focus on restoring Brazilian democracy over military rule and initiating extensive infrastructure plans.
  • Open Secret: On the political scene, everyone knows that Kubitschek constantly cheats on his wife and has many mistresses, even though she herself doesn't know.
  • The Remnant: If the Military Coup succeeded and it's decided to hold the elections in 1965, Kubitschek becomes the only possible Varguist candidate, and the only remaining hope for the Laborists.

Carlos Lacerda
Party: União Democrática Nacional
Ideology: Liberal Conservatismnote , Controlled Democracynote  (Imperial Presidency)

  • The Coup: Lacerda, normally a candidate during the Hundred Days Crisis and the 1965 elections, can also come into power through a coup against the democratically-elected João Goulart if he wins the 1965 elections and Lacerda was appointed President during the Hundred Days.
  • "Hell, Yes!" Moment: Lacerda pulls one after gaining the Presidency.
  • Improperly Paranoid:
    • After an assassination attempt by a former employee of Vargas, Lacerda becomes very paranoid, coming to believe that not only Vargas but also all his political successors and subordinates are plotting to silence or murder him at all times (even though Vargas was neither aware of, nor had anything to do with the attempt).
    • If Goulart wins the election, Lacerda thinks he has to have cheated and finds his victory unachievable - this combined with his paranoid fear of a new Varguist leader going after him is what can motivate him to coup Goulart if he wins the election after Lacerda was chosen following the Hundred Days Crisis.
  • Irony: Lacerda has seen the political repression of Vargas's New State dictatorship, the rise of fascism and the failure of communism to contain the Axis forces in World War 2. This led him to reject socialism and embrace American-style liberal democracy and OFN alignment. His aversion to socialist rule is another of his motivations to coup João Goulart and install a somewhat authoritarian regime to reshape the country - just like the original New State led by the man he despises.

Adhemar de Barros
Party: Partido Social Progressistanote 
Ideology: Right-Wing Populismnote 

  • Corrupt Politician: Just like in real life, Barros is known for being openly and proudly corrupt, and is perhaps the most corrupt man in Brazil.
  • Dark Horse Victory: During the Hundred Days Crisis, Barros is considered the dark horse, as most intellectuals agree that the odds of his winning out were near zero, which makes his victory all the more surprising.
  • First-Name Basis: The game usually adress him as Adhemar rather than Barros.
  • I Did What I Had to Do: Even though he knows he is far from an honest man, Barros believes that all he did was for the good of Brazil and that no one would be hurt by that.
  • Refuge in Audacity: Barros is frequently criticised for bribery and nepotism, but he has turned these accusations into a weapon against his critics. Yes he may steal, but he delivers (or rouba mas faz in Portuguese), and he claims that the people of Brazil prefer someone corrupt who does work over one who does nothing.
  • Sleazy Politician: Barros is pretty much the definition of one.
  • Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: No matter what happens, if Barros wins the Presidential elections, his running mate Laudo Natel will always lose the Vice Presidential elections to Edna Lott (daughter of President Henrique Lott), forcing Barros to change some of his plans to accommodate his new deputy.

Auro de Moura Andrade
Party: Legislative Gridlock
Ideology: Interim Governmentnote 

  • My God, What Have I Done?: After Quadros leaves the Presidency, Andrade refuses to pass it to the next successor in line, President of the Chamber of Deputies João Goulart, over "constitutional irregularities" - in order to avoid letting him in power. He prefers forcing an election in the Senate, which leads to the 100 Days. If a military coup later happens, he panics and quickly regrets his decision.
  • Short-Lived Leadership: Andrade becomes President of Brazil after Lott and Quadros have left the Presidency, since he is the President of the Federal Senate. He rules until a new President is chosen in the Hundred Days Crisis or after it ends in a Military Coup.

Ranieri Mazzili
Party: Legislative Gridlock
Ideology: Interim Governmentnote 

  • Conflicting Loyalties: Put into power by the military as a powerless figurehead, Mazzili toils over whether to defy the military and oppose his party or betray the Brazilian people by condemning them to an autocratic military rule.
  • Puppet King: After the military coups the government and the Senado collapses, Mazzili is chosen to become the interim president, but he's only put into power until the military can pick a more definitive leader and his only job is to deal with whatever minor problems emerge in Brazil.
  • Short-Lived Leadership: Mazzili will only be president for a very brief amount of time, between the military intervation being done and Castello Branco's inauguration.

Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco
Party: Military Rule
Ideology Authoritarian Democracy, Military Juntanote  (Military Coup)

  • Being Evil Sucks: His suppression of radicals in Brazil just creates more enemies and potential assassinations for him to worry about, with one attempt even killing 14 innocent people at an airport.
  • Cincinnatus: After couping the civilian government, Castelo Branco can step down and reopen democratic elections again.
  • Everyone Has Standards: Though autocratic, Castelo Branco hates extremism in any form, as he's always disliked communism from the start and his disdain for fascism grew after witnessing all of the Brazilian lives that were lost in World War II.
  • Military Coup: If the putschist elements in the army are dominant enough and their loyalty is low enough, or if the player fails in the Hundred Days Crisis, a military coup will take place and Castelo Branco will assume the Presidency provisionally.
  • Secret Police: Castelo Branco creates the Serviço Nacional de Inteligência, a political intelligence organization.
  • Tyrant Takes the Helm: Assuming Castelo Branco realize the hardliner's wishes and choses to not hold the 1965 elections, he will plunge Brazil into a long-lived military dictatorship.
  • Well-Intentioned Extremist: He thinks that by executing the military coup he is saving democracy and will try to avoid hardliners coming to power.

Leonel Brizola
Party: Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro note 
Ideology: Left-Wing Nationalismnote 

  • Internal Reformist: Brizola is commited in doing many reforms such as massive nationalizations and expansion of the public education system.
  • Rags to Riches: Brizola was born in Barefoot Poverty while his state was in a civil war, but in 1950 he married Neusa Goulart and entered the somewhat wealthy Goulart family.

Edna Lott
Party: Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro
Ideology: Left-Wing Populismnote 

  • Breaking the Glass Ceiling: She can become the first woman to run for the Brazilian Presidency and the first female President if elected.
  • Internal Reformist: Being the leading female figure in the PTB, she will fight to better the condition of women in Brazilian society.
  • Stay in the Kitchen: She was discouraged from entring politics by her father because he felt it wasn't a women's place and that it was a pool full of crocodiles.

Tancredo Neves
Party: Partido Social Democrático
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

Ney Braga
Party: União Democrática Nacional
Ideology: Christian Democracynote 

  • Moral Guardians: Braga is a quite conservative Christian Democrat with a particular disdain for far-left cultural movements.
  • Reasonable Authority Figure: Braga is very friendly towards most political groups and will improve political relations to promote political stability.

Getúlio Sarmanho Vargas
Party: Partido Social Progressista
Ideology: Social Nationalismnote 

  • Emperor Scientist: Vargas is a chemist who both seeks to develop a way to turn coffee into plastic and pursues a career in politics. During the Oil Crisis, he can invest in high-tech alternative energy sources.
  • It's Personal: Vargas holds a grudge against Lacerda for accusing his father of attempting to kill him without any proof. He also dislikes the army officers involved with the coup that removed his father, who also tried to prevent Kubitschek from taking power.
  • Richard Nixon, the Used Car Salesman: In our timeline Vargas Junior died in 1943 from polio at the age of 26. In TNO, he survived and came to have a successful political career, becoming Governor of São Paulo in 1965 and a possible Presidential candidate in 1970.
  • Wealthy Philanthropist: Vargas Junior is said to be a rich boy philanthropist in game.

Plínio Salgado
Party: Partido da Representação Popularnote 
Ideology: Fascism

  • Culture Police: Salgado will put harsh censorship laws on media to help build what he sees as civil and moral society.
  • Dark Horse Victory: At game start, Salgado is living as an exile in Portugal due a CIA ploy connecting him to the 1955 coup, and is considered the dark horse candidate in the 1970 election if he's allowed to return.
  • Evil Luddite: Downplayed, Salgado believes Brazil is an inherently agrarian country and will make an effort to counteract the industrial development polices of the previous goverments.
  • Fascist, but Inefficient: Salgado imposes strict moral standards on the population, leading to mass unrest and instability.
  • The Fundamentalist: Salgado, a fundamentalist Catholic, will crack down on everything he believes to be moral degeneracy and decay.
  • Politically Correct Villain: Salgado, despite being a fascist, is also an adamant anti-racist and integrationist, and many of his subordinates are indigenous or Afro-Brazilians (though he still wants to assimilate new immigrants by force).
  • Nostalgia Filter: Salgado has a massive fascination with the Medieval and Colonial era’s culture.

Artur da Costa e Silva
Party: Aliança Nacional Renovadoranote 
Ideology: Military Juntanote 

  • Berserk Button: If Castelo Branco fires Silva under accusations of insubordination, Silva will be incredibly offended and angry, causing him to leave the room in a huff.
  • Despotism Justifies the Means: Costa e Silva has his entire life seen civilian governments doing nothing but (what he deems to be) mismanagement, radicalizing him into thinking only the military is capable of ruling Brazil.

Emilio Médici

Party: Aliança Renovadora Nacional
Ideology: Military Juntanote 

Ernesto Geisel
Party: Aliança Renovadora Nacional
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

  • Internal Reformist: Geisel is the military dictator most inclined with democratization and social reform, although it's solely because it benefits his and the military's image rather than any genuine loyalty to democracy.

João Figueiredo
Party: Aliança Renovadora Nacional
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

  • Establishing Character Moment: He's introduced crassly celebrating his promotion to general by gloating about his achievements to his tired secretary and boasting about his superior training.
  • Foreign Culture Fetish: Figueiredo was trained at the infamous School of the Americas, and became so enamored with American culture he seeks to emulate it. Now, he's fully convinced that he's American and not Brazilian due to his 'superior training' and is better than all his colleagues.
  • Politically Incorrect Villain: Figueiredo is openly racist against black people.

João Amazonas
Party: Partido Comunista do Brasilnote 
Ideology: Amazonismnote 

Getúlio Vargas
Party: Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro
Ideology: Social Nationalismnote 

  • Cigar Chomper: Vargas, like in real life is often depicted as a cigarette lover.
  • The Man Behind the Man: Vargas is officially no longer involved in politics, but exerts a considerable influence upon João Goulart should the latter become President of Brazil, and acts as an elder statesman to Varguism in general.
  • Passing the Torch: By game start, Vargas has officially retired from politics, and only acts as an advisor (or puppet master, depending on how you look at it) to his successor João Goulart should the latter become President.
  • Playing Both Sides: Before joining the Allies he would appease both Washington and Berlin in order to maximize investments for Brazilian development.
  • Repressive, but Efficient: Just like in real life, Vargas ruled as a dictator for seven years during his first term as president. During that time, his security forces arrested thousands and tortured political prisoners, but the praise for Vargas's many, almost revolutionary reforms are far louder than the complaints of his opponents. Still, Carlos Lacerda personally blames Vargas for ruining Brazil and will try to destroy Vargas's legacy for the good of the country.

Wilson Leite Passos
Party: União Democrática Nacional
Ideology: National Socialism

  • Hero-Worshipper: Passos idolises the Führer Adolf Hitler and seeks to remake Brazil according to the model of Nazi Germany.
  • The Friend Nobody Likes: No one in the UDN likes Passos even a little bit, especially Lacerda, who would rather prefer even Getúlio Vargas himself getting elected for City Councilor in his place.

Official Name: Republic of Equador
Ideology: Dominant-Party Democracynote 

José María Velasco Ibarra
Party: Federación Nacional Velasquistanote 
Ideology: Dominant-Party Democracynote 

Official Name: Republic of Peru
Ruling Party: Alianza Conservadora Democratica Nacional (Movimiento Democratico Peruano)note 
Ideology: Conservative Democracy

  • Allohistorical Allusion: Like OTL, Peru can form the Andean Pact with Chile to form a new economic bloc in South America.
  • Crapsaccharine World: Peru seems like a healthy democracy, but it conceals the many rumors and accusations of electoral fraud that have hurt the credibility of Odria's government during the 1950s. If this disillusionment isn't handled correctly, the Peruvian dream of democracy may die with it. And that's not to mention the diverse problems that the populace already complains about, including agrarian reform, integration of jungle territory, and development in the Andean regions. Turns out, the fears of losing their democracy can be realized if the military coups the civilian government to form a junta.
  • Crouching Moron, Hidden Badass: Japan and the United States invest heavily in Peru's oil reserves and engage in frequent investment wars over it, making Peru seem like another helpless victim to foreign imperialism. However, this foreign attraction has greatly boosted the efficiency of their consumer goods factories and their GDP growth, showing that all isn't lost yet. Should Peru play their cards right, they might just come out as the winner in this foreign entanglement.
  • The Dreaded: Many Peruvians fear a takeover by the American Popular Revolutionary Alliance, a socialist political party that rebelled against Peru's previous administrations and may be responsible for the current terrorist activity.
  • Military Coup: If Ugarteche gets assassinated and the 1963 election proves too chaotic, the Peruvian military will overthrow the civilian government and establish a junta, until "order is restored."

Manuel Prado Ugarteche
Party: Alianza Conservadora Democratica Nacional (Movimiento Democratico Peruano)note 
Ideology: Conservative Democracy

  • Corrupt Politician: In exchange for his support, Ugarteche turns a blind eye to Manuel Odría's corruption.
  • Short-Lived Leadership: By the game's start, Ugarteche's term is winding to a close and he's ready to step down when a new successor is appointed during the 1963 elections.

Manuel Seoade

Party: Alianza para el Pueblo y la Naciónnote 
Ideology: Left-Wing Populismnote 

  • Dark Horse Victory: Considering his past involvement with the APRA, his victory in the 1963 election will be a surprising development for many onlookers.
  • Internal Reformist: Seoade runs on a platform of implementing sweeping changes to improve the livelihoods of all Peruvians.

Fernando Belaúnde Terry

Party: Acción Popular - Democracia Cristiana (Accionpopulistas)note 
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

Manuel Arturo Odría

Party: Unión Nacional Odriistanote 
Ideology: Right-Wing Populismnote 

  • Last-Second Chance: After his last term ended in disaster with the introduction of the National Security Act and the ensuing Inquitos Massacre, Odría is determined to redeem his political career and he can get that second chance if he's elected.

Pedro Beltrán

Party: Alianza Conservadora Democratica Nacional (Alianza Nacional)note 
Ideology: Liberal Conservatismnote 

  • Arch-Enemy: Much of the Peruvian left despise Beltrán and internal conflicts with them will immediately spring up in the event of his election.
  • Dark Horse Victory: As Prado's economic minister, Beltrán initiated unpopular welfare cuts that made him an unlikely successor to the presidency, but it is possible for him to defy the odds and win the 1963 elections.

Moreyra Paz Soldan

Party: Alianza Conservadora Democratica Nacional (Movimiento Democratico Peruano)note 
Ideology: Conservative Democracy

  • Meet the New Boss: Paz represents a continuation of Prado's administration, in which many suspect that he lacks the will needed to properly reform Peru's problems.

Hector Cornejo Chávez

Party: Alianza Conservadora Democratica Nacional (Partido Demócrata Cristiano)note 
Ideology: Christian Democracynote 

  • Dark Horse Victory: Chávez is an obscure figure who no one suspected would even come close to winning the 1963 election, yet he can somehow come out on top.
  • Puppet King: Many suspect that he's just a puppet to the ACDN, given that he lacks a lot of genuine support from within his own party.

Ricardo Pérez Godoy

Party: FF.AA.
Ideology: Military Juntanote 

Party: Frente Democrático de Chilenote 
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

  • Barefoot Poverty: Chile is one of the poorest countries in South America, in good part due to the simultaneous collapse of their once-profitable saltpeter industries and the Crash of 1929's especially harsh effect; decades later they simply couldn't recover. Hundreds of thousands of peasants are tied their whole life to the land they work on due to the still-present Hacienda system. Only a tiny fraction of Chileans have received formal education, while literacy rates are extremely low.
  • Butt-Monkey: Even compared to other Latin American countries, Chile stands out as being incredibly impoverished, with the populace suffering from cramped apartments, widespread illiteracy, and other poverty-related problems. It also doesn't help that the political scene of Chile is incredibly polarized and the country is constantly bullied by stronger nations into opening its foreign markets to them.
  • Eat the Rich: Tired of their constant poverty, the local peasants of Chile will rise up against the major landlords and taking their land by force, in which the conflict is fueled by radical revolutionary groups and the government is rapidly losing control of the situation.
  • Hereditary Republic: After the 1946 elections, the Liberal Party victory brought Fernando Alessandri to the Presidency. His father, Arturo Alessandri, had already served as President three times in the past, although his first two terms were interrupted by military coups. In the 1952 elections, the Liberal Arturo Matte, a son-in-law of Arturo Alessandri, won and ascended to the Presidency. The 1958 elections saw another son of Arturo Alessandri, Jorge Alessandri, win the Presidency.
  • Western Terrorists: Chile is swirling with terrorists and political extremists. Be it the Fascist MRNS or the Marxist-Leninist MIR, bombings and assassinations are not at all uncommon news.

Jorge Alessandri Rodríguez
Party: Frente Democrático de Chile
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

  • Fish out of Water: Unlike the rest of his family, Jorge Alessandri never had an interest in politics, rather being pushed into that world by his father and family. Being relatively obscure and keeping himself to a background role, Alessandri was thrust into the spotlight due to his good handling of the post of Minister of Finances, leading to him becoming the chosen candidate of the FDC in the 1958 elections and the center of the nation.

Hugo Zepeda Barrios
Party: Frente Democrático de Chile
Ideology: Market Liberalismnote 

  • Dismotivation: His polices are simple and he is uniterested in sweeping reforms
  • You Are What You Hate: When he was still an young politician he refused to join the Liberal Party due to then having a near dictatorial control of Chile making him fel that they were putting Chilean democracy at risk, but three decades later he can become head of the Liberal Party under the same circumstances he once condemmed.

Julio Philippi Izquierdo
Party: Frente Democrático de Chile
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

Eduardo Frei Montalva
Party: Partido Democráta Cristiano note 
Ideology: Christian Democracynote 

Salvador Allende Gossens
Ideology: Revolutionary Frontnote 

Jorge Prat Echaurren

Party: UNAPO, UN
Ideology: Right-Wing Populismnote , Civilian Dictatorshipnote 

  • The Coup: Prat can dissolve congress, do a total ban on political parties and declaring martial law, successfuly becoming a dictator.
  • Defector from Decadence: Originally a member of the National Socialist movement, Echaurren later left the party for the conservative movement because he believed that the former's leadership was ineffective and imbesillic. However, he ended up defecting from the conservatives too because of a "lack of true principles".
  • Everyone Has Standards: Prat publicly denounces the death of some congress members that were killed after his declaration of martial law.
  • Freudian Excuse: Witnessing the poverty and political in-fighting in Chile while growing up drove him to join the National Socialist Movement, though he later defected from them to join the conservative movement.
  • Internal Reformist: Prat has many ideas on how to reform Chile, including women's suffrage, land reform, and Latin American integration, all while blending these with corporatist ideals.

Roberto Viaux
Party: Ejercito Chilenonote 
Ideology: Military Juntanote 

  • Well-Intentioned Extremist: Viaux sees the government as leaving the armed forces in the dust while the country is apparently surrounded by enemies both inside and outside, while also becoming nepotistic and doing political appointments within the military to try and keep it under control, making him go into a process of progressive radicalization and polarization with the growing feeling of abandonment and displeasure against the civilian government.

Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

Hugo Banzer Suárez
Party: Acción Democrática Nacionalistanote 
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

René Barrientos Ortuño

Party: Fuerzas Aramadas de Bolivianote 
Ideology: Military Juntanote 

Enrique Hertzog

Party: AID - PURS
Ideology: Aristocratic Conservatismnote 

Gualberto Villarroel López

Party: FRB
Ideology: Dominant-Party Democracynote 

Armando Alba Zambrana

Ideology: Liberal Democracy

Justicialist Confederation of Argentina 
Official Name: Argentine Republic, Justicialist Confederation of Argentina (Anchorena)
Party: Union Civica Radical note 
Ideology: National Liberalismnote 

  • Allohistorical Allusion:
    • The CONINTES Plan still happens like in real life, but it's heavily focused in combating Fascist activity.
    • The Laguna del Desierto border feud occurs in this timeline as it did in OTL, as the Argentine Gendarmerie and the Chilean Carabineros begin fighting each other and tensions between the two countries escalate. Unlike OTL however, the squabble can escalate into full-blown conflict in the Christmas War over Patagonian territorial disputes.
  • Crapsaccharine World: Argentina disguises itself as a perfectly healthy, democratic nation, when it's actually suffering from terrible political instability.
  • Paper Tiger: From raw economic stats, Argentina has a healthy economy, owning their own sphere and ranked the tenth strongest economy in the entire world. Despite this, many fear that their economic situation isn't as secure as they hoped, as their country's economic performance is heavily dependent on the price of foreign currencies, namely the Italian Lira or the U.S. Dollar. As a result, Argentina suffers from a rapidly decreasing credit rating and, should the value of these foreign currencies fall, the Argentine economy will suffer even more.
  • The Purge: After Perón was ousted, the military was quickly purged of his supporters and replaced by his opponents. Unfortunately, these rapid changes have destroyed the strict hierarchy of the Argentinian military, forcing Frondizi to micromanage and satisfy the demands of the newly incorporated officers.
  • Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: President Arturo Frondizi and Vice-President Ricardo Balbin have a tense relationship, wrestling over control of the UCR.
  • Western Terrorists: The Peronist Resistance remains active through acts of sabotage and bomb attacks.
  • We ARE Struggling Together: The UCR although being the dominant party in Argentine politics it still lacks internal cohesion with Frondizites, Balbinists and Unionists fighting for the control of the party.

Arturo Frondizi
Party: Union Civica Radical
Ideology: National Liberalismnote 

  • 0% Approval Rating: Zig-Zagged. Frondizi is hated throughout Argentina for colluding with Perón to garner more electoral support and win the presidency, in which his reputation has been further tarnished by his scheming attitude and inability to do anything in office. However, his legacy has paradoxically been vindicated by some in regards to his industrialist economic agenda.
  • Deadpan Snarker: Occasionally makes sarcastic remarks about his opponents inside the UCR and the threats made by his enemies.
  • Passing the Torch: Frondizi supports the candidacy of his finace minister Frigerio to continue his policies.
  • We Used to Be Friends: United in their opposition to Juan Perón, Frondizi allied himself with Ricardo Balbin in the UCR, both quickly becoming the faces of opposition to Perón. However, once their mutual enemy was overthrown, the two's relationship became icy, as both began running for President in opposition to each other, splitting their party into two factions.

José María Guido
Party: Union Civica Radical Intransigente (Desarollista)note 
Ideology: Liberal Radicalismnote , Civilian Dictatorshipnote 

  • Extreme Doormat: Guido lacks the will or strength to speak against his own military, whom are free to assert as much pressure on Guido to annul democratic elections.

Rogerio Julio Frigerio
Party: Frente Nacional - Union Civica Radical Intransigente (Desarollistas)note 
Ideology: Dominant-Party Democracynote 

  • Emperor Scientist: Frigerio is obsessed with science and technology as a path to progresss. With his Developmentalist technocratic policies, he plans to fully modernize the country.

Arturo Humberto Illia
Party: Union Civica Radical del Pueblonote 
Ideology: Social Radicalismnote 

  • Crouching Moron, Hidden Badass: Illia seems like an inoffensive, wholesome old man, but he's actually one of the most principled Argentinian candidates who is fully committed to instilling the values of democracy and compromise.

Vicente Solano Lima
Party: Frente Nacional - Partido Conservador Popularnote 
Ideology: Populist Conservatismnote 

  • The Alliance: Lima leads a the National Front, a very broad coalition of Popular Conservatives, Peronists, Bengoistas, Christian Democrats and Nacionalistas.
  • Puppet King: He only presents himself to the presidential elections to pave the way for Perón's eventual return to power.
  • Short-Lived Leadership: His presidency doesn't last very long, as his only intent is to pave the way for Perón's return to Argentina.

Juan Domingo Perón
Party: Partido Peronista/Partido Peronista Femeninonote 
Ideology: Peronismnote 

  • The Assimilator: Peronism is directly noted as having absorbed several parties and ideologists of radically different currents of thought, from socialists and Catholic Liberals to outright fascists. The resulting ideology is a bizarrely vague mishmash that keeps very, very few traits at its core, has a perpetually shifting narrative, and whose only constants are nationalistic authoritarianism and Perón's exaltation and name.
  • Card-Carrying Villain: Unlike most examples of this trope, Perón invokes his despotic reputation to wittily criticize his opponents and the people of Argentina. Though despised by the government, Perón can be invited back into power under their begrudging consent because he may be deemed as the only leader capable of bringing stability and prosperity to Argentina, in which Perón has only this to say:
    Perón: "I did not return because I was good, but because you were far worse."
  • Cult of Personality: Just as in real life, Perón's personality cult returns in full force with his return. Peronism as an ideology is big on establishing a cult of personality to Perón himself and his wife, and he quickly sets up media outlets to make sure his name is praised until the very idea of Argentina without Perón becomes unthinkable.
  • The Dreaded: The Argentine establishment is absolutely terrified of him and the idea of his return, thanks to his ruthlessness, authoritarianism, political maneuvering, and the fact his brand of populism is just about impossible to dislodge when established. One early sign of this is a national spirit that implies that Perón's fanatical supporters are still resisting despite a nationwide ban on the Perónist party and everything associated with the Colonel, just as in real life.
  • Egocentric Team Naming: His party and even his very ideology are all named directly after him. With Perón, this is just par for the course, especially since the ideology can change traits and faces depending on how the man is feeling that day.
  • The Exile: After being overthrown, Perón has been exiled to Italy, with many fearing a possible return. If circumstances prove favorable for him, Perón really can return for the second time in history, reversing any changes that were made to his original government.
  • The Generalissimo: The modern Argentine example, both in real life and in TNO, complete with a state-mandated personality cult and election fraud.
  • I Did What I Had to Do: Perón really cares about Argentina and believes that his authoritarian tendencies are needed to bring positive results and thus must be followed.
  • President for Life: Under the guise of a democracy, Perón claims to have won the majority of votes in Argentina to justify his power and, if you disagree or try to oppose him, he'll hand you over to the "familiar hospitality of the Special Section for the Repression of Communism."
  • Propaganda Machine: Perón has his own media outlets which continuously praise him.
  • Red Baron: Frondizi's government and its events repeatedly refer to him as "The Tyrant".
  • Red Scare: Appropriate to his anti-communist beliefs, Perón will begin suppressing anyone he deems a communist, if he comes into power. His profile even mocks "the suicidal support of some imbecilic leftists" who're about to be brutally purged now that he has returned to power. In real life, Perón attracted the support of many leftists, and even had a far-left wing of his own; but ultimately, he sidelined the former and violently purged the latter in his final years.
  • Succession Crisis: If Perón dies failing to decide a successor to his goverment a crisis happens that ends on the Peronist delegates nominating his wife as a candidate, leading to her ascending into the Presidency.
  • Unperson: The Argentine government has undertaken extensive measures to censor all mention or support of Perón, but it can't stop him from potentially returning to power.

Jose Luis Romero
Party: Partido Socialistanote 
Ideology: Social Democracy

Juan Carlos Coral
Party: Partido Socialistanote 
Ideology: Democratic Socialismnote 

Emilio Hardoy
Party: Partido Democrata Nacionalnote 
Ideology: Conservative Democracy

Rodolfo Martínez
Party: Frente Nacional - Partido Democrata Cristiano (Popular)note 
Ideology: Christian Democracynote 

  • Back from the Brink: If Guido takes power and nearly lets the military take over, Martínez will take over and root out all of Guido's military allies, intent on reviving Argentine democracy before it is too late.
  • Nice Job Breaking It, Hero: His efforts to save Argentinian democracy from the military can potentially lead to Lima getting elected, who will then invite Perón back to Argentina, effectively creating another authoritarian government over Argentina and undoing all of Martínez's hard work to root out Perón's influence in the country.

José Emilio Visca
Party: Frente Nacional
Ideology: Populist Conservatismnote 

Alfredo Palacios
Party: Union Democrática - Partido Socialistanote 
Ideology: Popular Frontnote 

  • The Alliance: Palacios leads the Democratic Union, a big-tent coalition of Radicals, Conservatives, Socialists and Nationalists.
  • We Hardly Knew Ye: Palacios dies sometime after taking the Presidency, leading Santander to become the President.

Silvano Santander
Party: Union Democrática - Union Civica Radical del Pubelo (Unionistas - Movimiento Radical Indepiendente)
Ideology: Liberal Radicalismnote 

Rofolfo Martinovic
Party: Unión Cívica Radical del Pueblo (Linea Cordoba)
Ideology: Social Radicalismnote 

Emilio Jofré
Party: Partido Demócrata Conservador
Ideology: Liberal Conservatismnote 

Cipriano Reyes
Party: Frente Popular de la Lealtad al Justicialismo (Partido Laborista)
Ideology: Peronismnote 

Raul Poggi
Party: Fuerzas Armadas de la Republica Argentina (Colorado clique)note 
Ideology: Military Juntanote 

  • Addled Addict: Poggi is addicted to geniol, a basic painkiller.
  • Black-and-White Insanity: He sees everyone that doesn't agree with him as a Peronist agent.
  • Knight Templar: He is absolutely dedicated to neutralize Peronist activity inside the country.
  • Military Coup: Poggi can install a military takeover of Argentina after a political crisis after Frondizi's electoral defeat at the legislative elections.

Benjamín Menédez
Party: Fuerzas Armadas Argentinas
Ideology: Military Juntanote 

  • Unexpected Successor: Menédez's designation to the Presidency by the junta has caught many people by surprise, specially because of the disappearence of fromer President Poggi.

Isaac Rojas
Party: Fuerzas Armadas de la Republica Argentina - Clique Colorados
Ideology: Military Juntanote 

Pedro Eugenio Aramburu
Party: Unión del Pueblo Argentino
Ideology: Liberal Democracy

Juan Carlos Ongania
Party: Fuerzas Armadas de la Republica Argentina (Azul clique)note 
Ideology: Military Juntanote 

  • Cigar Chomper: Ongania has a noticeable love for expensive cigars, smoking them constantly.
  • Moral Guardians: As a fervent Catholic and fanatical moralist, Ongania wants to make sure to crush any and all "immoral" behavior, going so far as even targeting unfaithful couples.

Roberto Marcelo Levingston
Party: GRA
Ideology: Military Juntanote 

Alejandri Agustín Lanusse
Party: GRA
Ideology: Military Juntanote 

  • Cincinnatus: After seizing power in Argentina through a coup, Lanusse promises to restore democratic elections at some later time, though observers predict that he'll try running in them as a possible candidate.
  • The Coup: Lanusse installs himself as president by couping Levingston, if the political situation in Argentina becomes too chaotic.

Carlos Saúl Menem
Party: Partido Peronista - Menemista
Ideology: Peronismnote 

Isabel Martínez de Perón
Party: Partido Peronista Femeninonote 
Ideology: Esoteric Nazism

  • Affectionate Nickname: She is commonly refered as "Isabelita" by Perón's fanatical followers.
  • Aluminum Christmas Trees: Although Isabel coming to power and being nothing but a mere puppet of a far-right esotericist sounds like something directly from fiction, it actually happened in real life.
  • Breaking the Glass Ceiling: Isabel can become the first female ruler of Argentina.
  • The Ditz: Isabel is incompetent and incredibly unintelligent, having failed school in 5th grade and never coming back, her unqualifiedness is also what mainly allows Rega to exercess the real power in Argentina.
  • Puppet King: Isabel when in power is a mere puppet of Lopéz Rega, who exerceses a Rasputin-like authority over her, being the reason why her regime is classified as Esoteric Nazism.

José López Rega

Ideology: Esoteric Nazism

  • Names to Run Away from Really Fast: Rega is called "The Warlock" due to his interest in the occult and occasional occultist rituals he does, uusally with Isabel in tow.
  • Necessary Evil: Labour and the military have tolerated Rega's presence in the halls of power, seeing him as a useful tool for the destruction of left-wing Peronism, at least for now.
  • The Man Behind the Man: Rega uses his contact with Isabel to gain influence and unique acess to quickly become the de-facto ruler of Argentina during Isabelita's rule.
  • Wicked Cultured: Rega had a library with a wall dedicated to his great interest in the spiritual topics that later evolved into an interest on esotericism and occultism.

Manuel de Anchorena
Party: Partido Peronista - Movimiento Federal
Ideology: Fascist Populismnote 

Ricardo Balbín
Party: Unión Cívica Radical
Ideology: Liberal Radicalismnote 

Julián Licastro
Party: Partido Peronista - Comando Tecnológico Peronista
Ideology: Social Nationalismnote 

Ruling Party: Colorados - Guión Rojo
Ideology: Corporatismnote 

  • Civil War: As soon as the German Civil War starts, Paraguay will fall in one of their own, called the Paraguayan Bush War, with the United Front for National Liberation (FULNA), a coalition of Liberals, Communists, Social Democrats and discontent soldiers rising up.
  • Enemy Mine: The FULNA is a coalition of several groups that are only together because of their opposition to Morígno's regime, so much that it collapses into violence after the Communists gain prominence in the provisional government.
  • Foreign Culture Fetish: Many Paraguayan children are given German and Italian names, and streets are named after fascist figures who never set foot in Paraguay.
  • Hated by All: As the sole fascist country in South America, Paraguay has a tense relationship with all of its neighbors.
  • History Repeats: In the event of Che Guevara emerging victorious, Argentina and Brazil could declare war, leading to a one-sided conflict that's very much a repeat of the War of the Triple Alliance, with the consequences for Paraguay being just as destructive.
  • Names to Run Away from Really Fast: The name of the Stratocratic Nazi faction of the Colorado Party translates to "War Front", while the Esoteric Nazi group in Paraguay has a name which translates to "Ring of Sacrifice".
  • Putting on the Reich: Paraguayan buildings and uniforms are often modelled after Nazi aesthetics, albeit of a much lower quality.
  • Small Name, Big Ego: For all their talk of being a beacon of strength in South America, Paraguay often finds itself sandwiched and strong-armed by its more powerful Brazilian and Argentinian neighbors, whom wield far more influence over their economy than Paraguay itself.
  • Small Role, Big Impact: Downplayed. While not insignificant, Paraguay's a relative small fry compared to its more powerful neighbors. What happens within it, however, can have far-reaching consequences for Latin America.

Higinio Morínigo
Party: Colorados - Guión Rojonote 
Ideology: Corporatismnote 

  • Bread and Circuses: Morínigo controls the population through carrot and stick welfare policies fed with German money, which means that Paraguay's 1962 living standards are actually better than in real life.
  • Crowd Pleaser: All his talk of "survival of the fittest" just means compromising and pleasing everyone at once. This strategy works because Germany supports his regime and smooths over the flaws of this ideology, but as soon as Germany collapses into civil war, Morínigo's approach falls apart quickly and Guevara's rebels begin mobilizing against him.
  • Cultural Posturing: Morínigo puts down the Spanish languages spoken in the rest of Latin America, instead promoting the native language of Guaraní as superior to them.
  • A Lighter Shade of Black: Despite being a fascist dictator, Morínigo isn't even close to being the worst potential leader of Paraguay; his government and military is filled with people even more hardline and unhinged than him, and his general Stroessner is easily the most violent individual in Paraguay, despite being unideological.
  • Short-Lived Leadership: Morígno gets couped by either another or his own faction after a crisis brought by the German Civil War.

Juan Natalicio González

Party: Colorados - Guión Rojonote 
Ideology: Populist Fascismnote 

Mutshuito Villasboa
Party: Colorados - Frente de Guerranote 
Ideology: Stratocratic Nazismnote 

  • Absolute Xenophobe: Villasboa is very pro-Nazi and far more xenophobic than even Morínigo.
  • Hero-Worshipper: Villasboa worships Adolf Hitler like a hero, to the point of naming his son Adolfo Hirohito.
  • Master Race: Villasboa believes that the Guaraní are the master race of the world.
  • The Coup: After societal and political stability desintegrates due to the German Civil War, he will size the goverment from Morigno.

Alfredo Stroessner
Party: Colorados - Militantesnote 
Ideology: Military Juntanote 

  • Aluminum Christmas Trees: All of his creative executions, like goring people to death or hacking them with chainsaws, sound completely crazy, but all of these killings were committed by the OTL Stroessner. Especially the chainsaw, as Miguel Ángel Soler's case can attest.
  • Ax-Crazy: Stroessner is vicious in a more personal manner than most, and much of the brutality involved in his regime is not because it's needed to keep the regime going or because he ideologically thinks it's right, but because he simply wanted it.
  • Bait-and-Switch: Those unfamiliar with Stroessner might think that he's an improvement over Morínigo and Villasboa because he adheres to a less extreme ideology. However, it turns out that Stroessner is even more brutal than they are.
  • The Caligula: In contrast to Morínigo and Villasboa, who are sane (if evil), Stroessner is violently sadistic and likes to gore people to death.
  • Would Hurt a Child: It's a well known fact that Stroessner is a pedophile.

Ernesto 'Che' Guevara

Party: Junta Provisional de FULNAnote 
Ideology: Guevarismnote 

  • Affectionate Nickname: Che gets nicknamed "Señor Paraguay" by his troops.
  • The Alliance: Guevara leads a wide coalition of various rebel groups, including liberals, communists, social democrats, and disgruntled Paraguayan ex-soldiers. The only things that unite them are their opposition to the Paraguayan government and their admiration of Guevara.
  • Cincinnatus: If Guevara consolidates his power in Paraguay he will pass his duties to someone else even if they are not communists.
  • Curb-Stomp Battle: If he stands out victorious and both Argentina and Brazil have become a military dictatorship they will invade Paraguay in order to stop communism, needless to say that such a war is heavily one-sided.
  • The Dreaded: Upon escaping Argentina, Guevara becomes this for many establishment regimes in South America, especially as he becomes a beacon for various socialists and revolutionaries in the continent.
  • Short-Lived Leadership: Almost immediately after Guevara takes over, Paraguay can be invaded and divided in three by Brazil and Argentina. Even if this doesn't happen, he will step down and hand power to a civilian government after he secures communist rule.
  • Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: Guevara's FULNA is mainly divided between a democratic and communist faction that vies for power over Paraguay and will turn on each other when their common foe has been eliminated. Sure enough, the two factions battle each other as soon as Morínigo is deposed, in which only one can emerge victorious.

Rafael Franco

Party: Febreristasnote 
Ideology: Social Nationalismnote 

  • Internal Reformist: Leading a coalition of Febreristas and other democrats, Franco will begin democratizing Paraguay after taking power, starting with the introduction of elections.

José Félix Estibagarra

Party: Liberalesnote 
Ideology: Aristocratic Conservatismnote , National Liberalismnote  (democratically elected)

  • Defector from Decadence: Once the Paraguayan Bush War starts Field Marshall Estibagarra gets tired of defending Morígno's regime and declares his alliegance to the Liberal Party and the resistance.
  • Internal Reformist: Estibagarra promises liberalization, economic development, modernization and the normalization of international ties.
  • Military Coup: If the Paraguayan Bush War lasts for several weaks, Estagarriba will launch a coup against Morínigo and give power to Guevara's FULNA.
  • War Hero: Estibagarra is a popular Chaco War hero.

Federico Chaves

Party: Colorados - Democráticosnote 
Ideology: Christian Democracynote , National Conservatismnote  (maintains power)

  • The Coup: Chaves can depose Morigno by a coup after the goverment loses stability due to the German Civil War.

Miguel Ángel Soler

Party: Partido Comunista Paraguayonote 
Ideology: Communism

Marcos Fuster
Party: Anillo de Sacrificionote 
Ideology: Esoteric Nazism

  • Aluminum Christmas Trees: Fuster and his clique of ultra-Nazis, the "Anillo de Sacrificio", is a real, but extremely obscure group that did exist in Paraguay historically. Fuster was the head of the secret police under the OTL Morinigo regime, while Anillo de Sacrificio was an underground Fascist group he founded.note 
  • Torture Technician: Under Morínigo's regime, Fuster has set up an intricate web of prisons and conentration camps where anti-fascists are arrested and tortured.

Ideology: Conservative Democracy

  • The Ace: Uruguay is a wealthy and powerful nation that every Latin American nation aspries to become. They've even been nicknamed "The Switzerland of Latin America."
  • Evil Reactionary: The Orthodox Batllists pose a major domestic threat to Uruguay, in which they work to sabotage the Colorado party. If they are successful, the Blancos could seize power and reverse the loans that Uruguay took from Germany, achieving their dreams of freeing Uruguay from all foreign influence at the cost of shrinking the country's job availability and damaging the livelihoods of the many working class families who rely on those jobs.
  • Playing Both Sides: Initially, Uruguay exclusively traded with the OFN, but the prospects of trading with Germany for greater riches is growing more tempting by the day. However, if either side discovers Uruguay's exploit, there may be dire consequences.

Benito Nardone
Party: Partido Nacionalnote 
Ideology: Conservative Democracy

  • Democracy Is Flawed: The Council is notorious for stalling and being incredibly inefficient, leading many to advocate the abolition of it and replacing it with a presidential system

    Gobernación de Tierra del Fuego 
Ideology: Colonial Governmentnote 

  • The Migration: The goal of the Gobernación is to bring in settlers to the Tierra del Fuego and assert Argentina's control of the territory over Chile and Canada.
  • Puppet State: It's a puppet government to Argentina, intended to govern the Tierra del Fuego territory at the tip of their master country.
  • Repressive, but Efficient: In spite of its dictatorial style of governance, the Gobernación has proven to be a stable territory that successfully encourages Argentine colonization to the island.

José María Guzmán

Party: Armada Argentine
Ideology: Colonial Governmentnote 

  • Blood Knight: Controlling a highly disputed territory by other countries, Guzmán and the navy have no interest in giving up the island to Argentina's rivals and promotes hawkish resolutions to the problem over more peaceful means.
  • Military Coup: Upon hearing of Perón's ousting in Argentina, Guzmán wasted no time to launch a coup of his own in the Tierra del Fuego and his position was later confirmed by Admiral Hartung.

Alternative Title(s): Cold Southern Springs, TNO South America


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